You are on page 1of 5

Aweso1me

/sm/ adj

Courage
/krd/, /krd/ n [U]

Definition
Causing feelings of great admiration, respect, or fear: an awesome achievement SLANG Your new haircut is awesome (= extremely good).

Definition
The ability to control fear and to be willing to deal

Beauty
/bjuti/ n [C/U]

with something that is dangerous, difficult, or unpleasant: He lacked the courage to tax the American people to pay for his Great Society programs. It took me several months to get up the courage to ask her to lunch.

Courageous

/kreds/ adj

Definition
An attractive quality that gives pleasure to those who experience it or think about it, or a person who has this attractive quality: [U] The Grand Canyons natural beauty attracts tourists from all over. [C] At 37 she was known as a great beauty. Beauty can also mean an attractive appearance: [U] Womens magazines feature articles about diets and beauty tips.

She showed herself to be a courageous journalist.

Cruel
/krul/ adj

Definition
Extremely unkind and intentionally causing pain:

Her classmates made some cruel remarks. Is the death penalty cruel and unusual punishment? I think its cruel to put a dog in a cage.

Cruelly

/kruli/ adv

Boredom
/brdm/, /bord-/ n [U]

She treated him cruelly before the divorce.

Disappointment
/dspntmnt/ n [C/U]

Definition
When you are bored: She varies her workouts to avoid boredom.

Definition
The unhappiness or discouragement that results

Charisma
/krzm/ n [U]

Definition
The ability to attract the attention and admiration of others, and to be seen as a leader: To be a great leader, a person has to have some charisma.

when your hopes or expectations have not been satisfied, or someone or something that is not as good as you had hoped or expected: [U] Her disappointment showed on her face. [C] After two losing seasons, we felt he was a disappointment as a coach.

Embarrass
/mbrs/ v [T]

Charismatic
for.

/krzmtk/ adj

Definition
To cause someone to feel anxious, ashamed, or

He was the charismatic leader his people had hoped

Charity
/trti n [C/U]

uncomfortable: He knew that letter would embarrass him and later he tried to get rid of it.

Embarrassed Embarrassing
lie.

/mbrst/ adj /mbrs adj

They sat in embarrassed silence. [+ to infinitive] Its embarrassing to be caught telling a

Definition
the giving of money, food, or help to those who

need it, or an organization that does this: [U] She does a lot of work for charity. [C] We donate to a number of charities. Charity is also the belief that you should help people: [U] He visits homeless shelters out of charity.

Embarrassingly Embarrassment
embarrassment.

/mbrsili/ adv /mbrsmnt/ n [C/U]

an embarrassingly poor performance [U] She forgot her lines and blushed with

Confidence
/knfdns/, /-dens/ n [U] (SURE FEELING)

Familiar
/fmljr/ adj (KNOWN)

Definition
a feeling of having little doubt about yourself and

Definition
easy to recognize because previously

your abilities, or a feeling of trust in someone or something: He has a sense of confidence, even arrogance, about what he does. Consumers confidence in the economy is strong. Her colleagues lost confidence in her.

experienced: Familiar sights A familiar face Im not familiar with current research in the field.

Fury
/fjri/ n [C/U]

Kindness
/kndns/ n [C/U]

Definition
Extreme anger or force:

Definition
the quality of being generous, helptul, and caring

[U] The battle raged with mounting fury.

Generous
/denrs/ adj

about other people, or an act showing this quality: [U] She found his dark features handsome, but was attracted mostly by his kindness. [C] She has done him a kindness by reading his books.

Definition
(of someone) willing to give help or support, esp.

Lonely
/lonli/ adj

more than is usual or expected, or (of something) larger than usual or expected: A generous donor Food in generous portions

Definition
(of someone) feeling sad because you are alone,

Generously

/denrsli/ adv

Please give generously to those in need.

Glory
/glri/, /glori/ n [U] (ADMIRATION)

or (of something) causing this feeling: A lonely child My lonely room A lonely place has no people, buildings, etc.: a lonely and deserted road

Loneliness

/lonlins/ n [U]

Some elderly people live in isolation and loneliness.

Definition
great admiration, honor, and praise that you earn

Loyal
/ll/ adj

by achieving something, or something which deserves admiration or honor: He basked in the glory of his victory. Winning the championship was the crowning glory of her career (= it was her highest achievement).

Definition
Always giving help and encouragement:

Happiness
/hpins/ n [U]

People close to Woodruff are fiercely loyal and quick to shower her with superlatives.

Loyalty
to my work.

/llti/ n [C/U]

[C] My loyalties to my family come before my loyalties

Definition
The feeling of being pleased or happy:

Our children have brought us so much happiness.

Mischief
/mstf/ n [U]

Hate
/het/ v [I/T]

Definition
behavior, esp. of a child, that is slightly bad or

Definition
To strongly dislike someone or something:

causes trouble but is not intended to harm anyone: Some of the neighborhood kids like to get into mischief. Shes a cute little girl, but full of mischief.

[T] Kelly hates her teacher. [T] I have always hated speaking in public. [+ To infinitive] I hate to say it, but I dont think Leo is the right man for the job.

Popular
/ppjlr/ adj (LIKED)

Hate
difficult.

/het/ n [U]

Definition
liked, enjoyed, or admired by many people or by

Hate and bigotry can only make our lives more

Intelligence
/nteldns/ n [U] (THINKING ABILITY)

most people in a particular group: In-line skating is increasingly popular.

Popularity

/ppjlrti n [U]

Definition
The ability to understand and learn well, and to

The governors popularity will probably guarantee his reelection.

form judgments and opinions based on reason: Hes a child of normal intelligence but hes emotionally immature.

Power
/pr/ n [U] (CONTROL)

Joy
/d/ n [C/U]

Definition
The ability or right to control people and events,

Definition
Great happiness or pleasure:

[U] My heart was full of pure joy. A joy is a person or thing that causes happiness: [C] His daughters were the joys of his life. [C] Shes a joy to work with.

or to influence the way people act or think in important ways: The election results showed that the Democrats had lost power, with Republicans taking over five more Democratic seats.

Pride
/prd n [U] (FEELING OF SATISFACTION)

Have a responsibility to sb
to have a duty to work for or help someone who is in a position of authority over you The company says it cannot cut its prices any more because it has a responsibility to its shareholders.

Definition
a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction that you get

because you or people connected with you have done something good: Their sons outstanding academic record was a source of great pride to them. We take pride in the high quality of our food.

Sadness
/sdns/ n [U]

Definition
The feeling of being sad or unhappy: There was a look of great sadness in his eyes.

Prudent
/prudnt/ adj

Stiff
/stf/ adj [-er/-est only] (FIRM)

Definition
showing good judgment in avoiding risks and

Definition
Firm or hard and not bending or moving easily: He had stiff leather shoes on. If the dough is stiff, add more sour cream. If your body is stiff, you cannot move easily and your muscles hurt when moved: He was unable to turn his head because of a stiff neck.

uncertainties; careful: His decision was prudent and timely.

Prudence

/prudns/ n [U]

A little prudence would be appropriate.

Relief
/rlif/ n [U] (HAPPINESS)

Strength
/str k/, /str / n [U] (PHYSICAL POWER)

Definition
a feeling of happiness that something unpleasant

has not happened or has ended: She breathed a sigh of relief when she finished her exams. Relief also means the reduction or end of pain: Aspirin may give you some relief.

Definition
the ability to do things that demand physical effort, or the degree to which something is strong or powerful: After having surgery, it takes a while to get your strength back. Making baskets requires skill more than physical strength. The storm is gathering/gaining strength. The strength of a drug is its ability to have an effect.

Repetitive
/rp ttv/ adj

Definition
expressed or happening in the same way many

times: a repetitive task a series of repetitive motions

Style
/stl/ n [C/U] (WAY)

Definition
a way of doing something, esp. one that is typical of a person, group of people, place, or time: [C] Puente fused Latin with other musical styles. [C] The book is written in the style of an 18th-century novel. [U] His portraits were awkward in style. Style is also a special quality that makes a person or thing seem different and attractive: [U] I like this team the players have style.

Repetition
language.

/reptn/ n [C/U]

[U] It takes time, patience, and repetition to learn a

Respect
/rspekt/ n [U] (ADMIRATION)

Definition
admiration for someone or something that you

believe has good ideas or qualities: I believe people had more respect for teachers back then.

Subject
/sbdkt/, /-dekt/ n [C] (AREA OF DISCUSSION)

Responsibilitynoun (DUTY)
/rspnt.sbl..ti/ /-spnt.sbl..ti/

Definition
Something that is being discussed or considered: School officials broached the subject of extending the school year. It seemed like a good idea to change the subject.

Definition
[C or U] something that it is your job or duty to deal with [+ to infinitive] It's her responsibility to ensure the project finishes on time. She takes her responsibilities as a nurse very seriously.

Success
/skses/ n [C/U]

Have responsibility
to be in a position of authority over someone and to have a duty to make certain that particular things are done Who has responsibility here? Jenny, you have responsibility for clearing up the room after the class.

Definition
the achieving of desired results, or someone or something that achieves positive results: [U] Weve tried to contact him, but so far without success. [C] The dinner party was a great success.

Surprise
/srprz/, /s-/ n [C/U]

Shrug
/rg/ v [I/T] (-gg-)

Definition
an unexpected event, or the feeling caused when something unexpected happens: [C] Dont tell Ann were having a party for her I want it to be a surprise. [C] Last nights heavy snow came as a complete surprise. [U] To my great surprise, they gave us everything we asked for.

Definition
to raise your shoulders to express that you do not know, do not care, or are not sure about something: [I] My brother just shrugged in reply, too lazy to answer in words.

Shrug

Surprise

/srprz/, /s-/ adj [not gradable] The basketball player paid a surprise visit to the campus on Thursday.

/rg/ n [C] Bills only explanation was a careless shrug of his shoulders.

Stutter
/sttr/ v [I/T]

Territory
/tertri/, /-tori/ n [C/U]

Definition
to speak or say part of a word with difficulty, esp. by repeating it several times or by pausing before it: [I] He doesnt normally stutter when he speaks.

Definition
an area of land, sea, or space, esp. when it belongs to or is connected with a particular country, person, or animal: [U] Maryland gave up territory to form Washington, DC. [C] The UN is sending aid to the occupied territories.

Stutter

/sttr/ n [C] I type up tapes of people talking, all the stutters and everything.

Acknowledge verb
/knl.d/ /-n.ld/ [T]
to accept, admit or recognize something, or the truth or existence of something [+ -ing verb] She acknowledged having been at fault. [+ that ] She acknowledged that she had been at fault. You must acknowledge the truth of her argument. Historians generally acknowledge her as a genius in her field. [+ object + to infinitive] She is usually acknowledged to be one of our best artists. They refused to acknowledge (= to recognize officially) the new government. Please acknowledge receipt of (= say that you have received) this letter. He didn't even acknowledge my presence (= show that he had seen me). The government won't even acknowledge the existence of the problem.

Violence
/vlns/ n [U]

Definition
extremely forceful actions that are intended to hurt people or are likely to cause damage: racial/ethnic/domestic violence She was concerned about the amount of violence on television. The storm turned out to be one of unexpected violence.

Wealth
/wel/ n [U] (MONEY)

Definition
a large amount of money and other valuable possessions: His wealth is so great that money doesnt mean much to him.

Wealthy

/weli/ adj

2. Practice

to accept, admit or recognize something, or the truth or existence of something to mention an idea, possible plan or action for other people to consider to refuse to continue working because of an argument with an employer about working conditions, pay levels or job losses to control a group of people, a country, or a situation

Natural resources and a well-trained workforce make a country wealthy.

Embroilverb
/mbrl/ [T]

Definition
to cause someone to become involved in an argument or a difficult situation [R] She had no desire to embroil herself in lengthy lawsuits with the tabloid newspapers. The United Nations was reluctant to get its forces embroiled in civil war.

Subject adjective (HAVING)


/sb.dekt/

Definition
Be subject to sth
to have or experience a particular thing, especially something unpleasant Cars are subject to a high domestic tax. In recent years, she has been subject to attacks of depression.

Bridaladjective
/bra.dl/ [before noun]

Definition
of a woman about to be married, or of a marriage ceremony The magazine had a section on bridal wear (= the clothes that a woman wears at her marriage). We stayed in the hotel's bridal suite (= the rooms for recently married people).

Couple
/kpl/ n [U] (SOME)

Stuffed
/stft/ adj [not gradable]

Definition
two or a few things that are similar or the same, or two or a few people who are in some way connected: Im packing a couple of sweaters in case it gets cold.

Definition
filled with some material: Children love stuffed animals.

Gaucheadjective
/g/ /go/

Swell
/swel/ v [I/T] (PAST TENSE swelled, PAST
PARTICIPLE

swollen /swoln/ orswelled) (INCREASE)

Definition
Awkward and uncomfortable with other people, especially because young and without experience She had grown from a gauche teenager to a self-assured young woman.

Definition
to become larger and rounder: [I] Its spring, and the buds on the trees are beginning to swell. [I] One of his eyes swelled shut. [T] Immigrants swelled the citys population (= increased it). [I] FIG. His chest swelled with pride at being chosen (= He felt extremely proud).

Force
/frs/, /fors/ n [C/U] (PHYSICAL POWER)

Definition
physical, often violent, strength or power: [U] The force of the wind knocked down many trees during the hurricane. [U] She had to use force to get the old window open. Physics A force is a power that causes an object to move or that changes movement.

Swelling

/swel/ n [C/U] [U] We wont know how serious the injury is until the swelling subsides.

Gamble
/gmbl/ v

Prudent
/prudnt/ adjective

Definition
to risk losing money in the hope of winning a lot more money, esp. if the result of a future event happens as you hope: [I] Some people like to gamble even though the odds are against them. [M] He gambled away most of his money. To gamble is also to do something that you think is worth doing although it might not succeed or you might lose money: [+ that clause] Were gambling that enough people will show up at the concert to cover our expenses.

Definition
careful in the way that you make decisions or spend money so that you avoid unnecessary risks: They insisted that the deal is fiscally prudent and would not put the city budget at risk. prudent to do sth It would be prudent to delay interest rate cuts until early next year. prudent financial planning ACCOUNTING prudent accounting is based on the principle of not showing assets or profits to be greater than they might be, or losses to be smaller than they might be, in a company's accounts: Normal prudent accounting principles require that prepayments should be written down where it can be seen that they will not be fully recoverable.

Gamble

/gmbl/ n [C usually sing] Starting up a new business is always a gamble. /gmbl/ n [U] Gambling in the form of state lotteries is used to raise money for education

Gambling

Prudently /prudntli/ adverb


Failure on the part of banks to act prudently has resulted in a global recession.

Usher someone/something in
Definition
to welcome someone, or signal the beginning of something: The party was an elegant way to usher in the new year.

Regal
/rigl/ adj

Definition
suitable for or in the manner of a king or queen: a regal bearing

Squat
/skwt/ v [I] (-tt-) (SIT)

Definition
to position yourself close to the ground by bending your legs under you and balancing on the front part of your feet: He squatted down and picked up some pebbles.