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# FIZIK : KERTAS 2

BAHAGIAN A :

## 1 (4 mrks) Introduction to Physics : Micrometer screw gauge and zero error

2 ( 5 mrks) Force and motion : Definition of a force. Net force, forces in equilibrium, F =ma

3( 6 marks) Forces and pressure : Definition of pressure . Pressure, pressure and depth, calculation of pressure

4 (7 mrks) Heat : Definition of specific heat capacity. Specific heat capacity and calculations. Gas laws .

5 ( 8 mrks) Floatation: Definition of buoyant force . Buoyant force and calculations. Hot air balloons ( compare small and big balloons )in terms of buoyant force .

6 ( 8 mrks) Waves : Definition of interference Interference of light, Youngs double slits experiment Calculation of wavelength using = ax/D Comparing the fringes using blue light band red light .

7 ( 10 marks) Electricity Definition of power and specifications Calculation of I = P/V . Effective resistance, Resistor in parallel and series, calculation of electrical energy, and power Modifications of circuits and reasons to give smaller effective resistance ,R

8 ( 12 marks ) Electronics; What is semiconductor ? Rectification circuits, choose the correct one for full wave rectification and give reasons.

Transistor as a switch, relay, LDR, thermistor and get circuit . Most suitable circuit for street light , certain function and give reasons.

SECTION B :

9 ( 20 mrks ) Form 4 topic : Light; Focal length, power= 1/ f , lens equation, How magnifying glass works ? How telescope works , ray diagrams

10 ( 20 mrks ) Form 5 topic : Radioactivity Radioisotope, decay graph, half-life. Use of radioisotope in industry to detect the volume of liquid in a container . Suggestions.

11 ( 20 mrks ) Force and pressure : Fluid in motion : pressure and velocity of flow. Bernoullis principle, lift force, Explanation of lift force using aerofoil Suggestions to make a water rocket that can reached high altitude.

12 ( 20 mrks ) Electromagnetism: What is direct current ? Specifications of motor, explain how a motor works . Calculation of current in motor , Choosing a fan that can produce fast cooling effect. or transfomer Choose the transformer that that is of high efficeinecy .

PAPER 3 :

## 1 Light : Experiment to investigate relationship between u and v.

A straight line graph passing through origin fro graph uv against ( u+v ) or can also be refraction of light ; Read also the snell law : how to read a protractor to find angle of incident and refraction.

2 Graph of voltage across a dry cell against current to find e.m.f and internal resistance. Calculation of gradient of graph.

3 Heat : Specific heat capacity To investigate the relationship between mass, m and temperature rise at constant electrical energy supplied. Using immersion heater and thermometer , etc.

4 Waves : Refraction To investigate the relationship between wavelength and depth . Using ripple tanks and accessories.