APA Citation

The following are frequently used citation forms. For more detailed information refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Book – One Author In-Text Citation (Smith, 2000) (Smith, 2000, p. 62) when quoting Reference List Smith, L. (2000). The book title (2nd ed.). City: Publisher.

Book – Two Authors In-Text Citation (Smith & Thomas, 2000) (Smith & Thomas, 2000, p. 62) when quoting Reference List Smith, L. & Thomas, T.R. (2000). The book title (2nd ed.). City: Publisher.

Book – 3-5 Authors In-Text Citation (Smith, Thomas, & Stephens, 2000) for first citation (Smith et al., 2000) for subsequent citations (Smith, Thomas, & Stephens, 2000, pp. 25-26) for first citation when quoting (Smith et al., 2000, pp. 25-26) for subsequent citations when quoting Smith, L., Thomas, T.R., & Stephens, K. (2000). The book title (2nd ed.). City: Publisher.

Reference List

Book – Indirect Source (author cited by another author) In-Text Citation (Robinson, 2000, as cited in James, 2004) (Robinson, 2000, as cited in James, 2004, p. 1175) when quoting Reference List Smith, L. (Ed.) (2000). The book title (2nd ed.). City: Publisher. Comments To cite secondary sources, refer to both sources in the text, but include in the reference list only the source that you actually used. For instance, suppose you read James (2004) and would like to paraphrase the following sentence within that book: Robinson (2000) defined self-efficacy as "people's beliefs about their capabilities to exercise control over events that affect their lives" (p. 1175). In this case, your in-text citation would be "(Robinson, 2000, as cited in James, 2004)." James (2004) would be fully referenced within the list of references. Robinson (2000) would not be listed.

Articles – Print Version In-Text Citation (Last, 2000) (Last, 2000, p. 4) when quoting Reference List Last, F. (2000). Name of article. Journal Name, 30(2), 124-127. Comments The 30 is the volume and the 2 is the issue When the work has 3-5 authors, name all authors for the first time the reference occurs; in the first subsequent citation use only the first author followed by “et al.” and a year. If you mention the work again within one paragraph, omit the year. For 6 or more authors, cite only the last name of the first author followed by “et al.” and a year, and give all the names in the list of references.

Articles – Online Version – Retrieved entirely (full-text) from a database. In-Text Citation (Last, 2000) (Last, 2000, p. 4) when quoting Reference List Last, F. (2000). Name of article. Journal Name, 30(2), 124-127. Retrieved from Academic Search Elite database.

Articles – In an Internet-Only Journal In-Text Citation (Last, 2000) (Last, 2000, para. 4) when quoting Reference List Last, F. (2000). Name of article. Journal Name, 30(2). Retrieved May 15, 2004, from http://www.webaddress Comments If there is a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) include the DOI instead of the URL, and then the retrieval date is no longer required. There is no period at the end of a URL.

Articles – From Newspaper In-Text Citation (Last, 2000) (Last, 2000, p. E14) when quoting Reference List Last, F. (2000, May 5). Title of article. Name of Newspaper, pp. 124-127.

Articles – From Reading Package In-Text Citation (Last, 2000) (Last, 2000, p. 4) when quoting Reference List Last, F. (2000). Title of article. Journal Name, 30(2), 124-127. Retrieved October 15, 2008, from College of the Rockies CYFS 105 Readings Package.

Online - Website In-Text Citation

(Last, 2008) (Last, 2008, para 4) when quoting Reference List Last, F. (2008, October 15). Name of site. Retrieved July 15, 2009, from http://www.websiteaddress Comments When citing a web site in the Reference List, provide as possible of the following information: Author’s name Date of publication or update in parentheses Title or description of document Retrieval date statement URL (there is no period after the URL) Online – Website – No Author, No Date In-Text Citation (Name of site, n.d.) (Name of site, n.d., para 4) when quoting Reference List Name of site. (n.d.) Retrieved July 15, 2009, from http://www.websiteaddress

Online – Government Website In-Text Citation British Columbia Ministry of Human Resources, 2002 (British Columbia Ministry of Human Resources, 2002, para. 6) when quoting Reference List British Columbia Ministry of Human Resources. (2002, June 10). Title of webpage. Retrieved October 15, 2007, from http://www.webaddress

Online – Website – A document created by individual or private organization In-Text Citation (International Federation of Library Associations, 2008) (International Federation of Library Associations, 2008, para 4) when quoting Reference List International Federation of Library Associations. (2008, October 15). Library & information science: Citation guides for electronic documents. Retrieved July 15, 2009, from http://www.websiteaddress

Online – Moodle Course Notes In-Text Citation (Course Name, n.d., Chapter) (Course Name, n.d., Chapter, para. 4) when quoting Reference List Course Name. (n.d.) Chapter name. Retrieved October 21, 2008, from www.cotronline.bc.ca

Entry in an Encyclopedia or Dictionary In-Text Citation (Smith, 2008) (Smith, 2008, p. 4) when quoting Reference List Smith, T. (2008). Autism. In The new times encyclopedia (Vol. 7, pp. 202-205). Vancouver: New Times Publishing. Comments If there is no author of the entry, place the title in the author position.

Film In-Text Citation Reference List Comments

(Smith & Thomas, 2008) Smith, T. (Producer), & Thomas, M. (Director). (2008). Dance of the warrior [Motion Picture]. Canada: National Film Board. There is no period after the title

Personal Communications and Interviews In-Text Citation In his interview M.S. Blomberg (personal communication, April 22, 2007) talks about… Reference List Comments Unpublished personal communications are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Cite in text only.

Pamphlet In-Text Citation Reference List

(Adams, 2008) Author. (Date). Title of brochure in italics (edition) [Brochure]. City of Publication, Province of Publication: Author of Brochure Example: Adams, A. (2008). Hospice care [Brochure]. Cranbrook, BC: Canadian Cancer Society.

Wikipedia In-Text Citation Reference List Comments

(Inclusive Schooling, 2009) Inclusive schooling. (2009, September 14). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 6, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inclusive_school#What_is_inclusive_education.3F Be sure you have other sources which support the materials you use from Wikipedia.

Reference Page
1. The “References” list comes at the end of your assignment, and should start on a new page. 2. Only sources that you actually use and refer to in your paper should be listed. If you read other material but did not include it in the assignment, do not list them. 3. Double space your page. 4. Format reference list entries with a hanging indent (start the first line of each reference at the left-hand margin, and indent all succeeding lines five spaces). 5. Arrange reference list entries in alphabetical order by surname of the first author or by title if there is no author. 6. Use only the initial(s) of the author’s given name, not the full name. 7. If the reference list includes two or more entries by the same author(s), list them in chronological order (oldest first). 8. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word in the article or book title. Proper nouns are also capitalized as well as the word following a colon (subtitle) 9. Italicize journal titles and volume numbers. Do not italicize issue numbers. 10. When including a URL address, it is acceptable to break it if it will not fit onto the line. Do not use a dash or any other symbol when breaking. Break at a “/” or a “.”.

Sample Reference List References Baker, W. C., Smith, M. A., Davidson, S. H., Winter, E. D., & White, L. A. (2009). Fetal alcohol syndrome and the impact on siblings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443 449. Retrieved September 1, 2010, from PsycARTICLES database. Hanson, A. (2001). Understanding attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Implications for education assistants. Toronto: Vogner-Donaldson. Newman, J. R., & Matthews, R. K. (2009). Classroom strategies for building a dynamic learning environment. Education Today, 14(3), 6-9. Oswald, Y. (2001). The use of visual cues with adults who have autism. Psychology, 12(29). Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://www.psychology/visualcuesadults Paterson, W. M. (2004). Semantic congruity effects and theories of the comparison process. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18 962-986. Paterson, W. M., Baranski, J. V., & Kennedy, R. (1998). Memory psychophysics and fundamental measurement. Memory and Cognition, 22, 1041-1055. Romans, A. M., & Stewart, M. J. (2002). Gender issues in the neurobiology of PTSD. In R. Kimerling, P., Ouimette, & J. Wolfe (Eds.), Gender and PTDS (pp.43-75). New York: The Guilford Press. Scientists say global warming can be reversed. (2000, September 14). The Global Citizen, p. A2, A20.

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