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MINI PROJECT

Construction of P.S.C Sleeper(RAIL) By- Anjani Kr. Shukla (Civil Engineering)

MAIN FUNCTION OF SLEEPERS


Holding rails to correct gauge and alignment. Firm and even support to rails. Transferring the load evenly from rails to wider area of ballast. Elastic medium between rails and ballast. Providing longitudinal and lateral stability.

LAYING OF SLEEPERS
Sleepers shall be laid square to rails on straight and radially on curve. The sleeper spacing should be marked on outer rail in case of curved track. Closer spacing should be provided at joint sleepers of fish plated joints and between joint sleeper and shoulder sleeper. Rail joints should be suspended.

SUSPENDED JOINT

SLEEPER DENSITY
The sleeper density is the number of sleepers used per rail length. Described as M+1, M+2, M+3 etc. Where M is the length of standard rail in meters. In case of LWR/CWR, this is expressed in number of sleeper per Km of track. Sleeper density depends upon max. permissible speed and traffic density.

CONTD.
Traffic A B C D Spl D E Spl E density Route Route Route Route Route Route Route >20 1660 1660 1660 1660 1660 1660 1660
10-20 1660 1660 1660 1660 1660 1660 1660

<10

1660 1540

1540

1540

1540 1540

1540

Loop lines Pvt.

1340 1340 1340 1340

1340 1340

1340 1340

1340 1340 1340 1340

1340 1340

TYPES OF SLEEPERS

Wooden Sleepers Cast Iron Sleepers Steel Sleepers

Concrete Sleepers

CONCRETE SLEEPERS & FASTENINGS


Types of concrete Sleepers: i)Mono-block Prestressed Concrete Sleepers. a) PSC-12 for 52 Kg Rails b) PSC-14 for 60 Kg Rails ii) Two block reinforced concrete Sleepers.

CONTD.
Main features of PSC-12/PSC-14 Sleepers: Length : 2750 mm Weight : 267 Kg Reinforcement : 18 number 3mm dia HTS stands Dist bet. Insert at rail seat :148mm/162 mm Service Life : 50 to 60 years.

CONTD.
Advantages of concrete Sleepers: i) Greater stability. ii) Track geometry maintained for much. longer duration hence economical. iii) Best suited for machine maintenance. iv) Suitable for Track circuiting area.

CONTD.
v) No chances of damage by fire/ corrosion vi) No possibility of theft. vii) No chances of gauge widening. viii) 60 Kg Sleeper can be used for 52 Kg rail. ix) Best suited for LWR track. x) Best performance on P & C, S.E.J. Guard rails , Level Crossings, Check rail in curve.

CONTD.
Disadvantage : i) Handling and laying is difficult being heavy. ii) Damage is very heavy in case of derailment. iii) No scrap value. iv) Not suitable for manual packing.

CONTD.
Conditions for laying Concrete Sleepers: i) Track should be deep screened. ii) Cuttings having rocky bed should have clean ballast cushion of at least 300 mm. iii)On Arch bridges formation cover min. 1 m. iv) On other bridges ballast cushion not less than 300 mm.

ELASTIC FASTENINGS
Grooved rubber pads: Provided between rails and sleepers. It absorbs the shock. Resists lateral movement of the rail. Prevents abrasion of the bottom surface of rail. Laid in such a way that grooves are parallel to rail .

ELASTIC RAIL CLIP (PANDROL CLIP)


Fixed in Insert to hold the rail. Made from Spring Steel bar of 20.6 mm. Toe Load 900Kg to 1100 Kg (MKIII). On Fish plated Joint J Clip can be used. Can be driven with ordinary 4 lbs hammer. Can be fixed on wooden,Steel, and Cast Iron Sleepers with Special arrangement.

CONTD.
Liners : i) Metal Liners Provided on Non track circuited Areas. ii) Insulated Liners- Provided on Track circuited areas. Most commonly used is GFN Liner

DIFFERENT TYPES OF LINERS USED IN TRACK

S.No Sleeper 1 2 3 60Kg 60Kg 52Kg

Rail

Metal Liner

60Kg T-3740 52Kg T-3741/T-3742 52Kg T-3738

CONTD.
S.No. 1 2 3 Sleeper 60Kg 60Kg 52Kg Rail 60Kg 52Kg 52Kg GFN Liner T-3706 T-3707/T3708 T-3702

THANK YOU!