You are on page 1of 31

# Code No: M0122

R07
(Civil Engineering)

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech. I Semester Regular Examinations, November, 2012 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Describe the basic steps involved in the Finite Element Method of analysis. b) Define the stiffness matrix for axial members using Raleigh Ritz method. 2. If a displacement field is described by
2 2 2 2 -4 -4 -4

## u = (-x + 2y + 6xyz +2z +4yz) 10 v = (3x + 6y - y + 6yz + 3z) 10

2 2 2

w = (x +2y + z -2z + 2xyz) 10 Determine the strain field at the point x = 1 and y =0. 3. For the stepped bar shown in figure, determine the nodal displacements, element stress and Support reactions. Take P=300 kN, Q=500 kN, E=2x1011N/m2. A1=250mm2, A2 =500mm2, A3=1000 mm2.

4. a) What are the convergence conditions that should satisfy the assumed displacement function? b) Derive the shape functions to four node bilinear element. 5. Determine the strain displacement matrix for a right angled triangle with nodal coordinates 1 (0, 0), 2 (a, b) and 3 (0, b). Assume displacement field as u=a1+ a2x+ a3y and v=a4+ a5x+ a6y.

1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0122

R07

Set No. 1

6. a) Describe isoparametric mapping procedure with an example. b) Derive the Jacobian matrix for a bilinear isoparametric element to solve static problems. 7. An axi-symmetric body with a uniformly distributed load of 0.3 MPa on the conical surface shown in figure below. Calculate the equivalent loads at nodes 1, 2 and 3.

8. a) Solve the following integral equation using one point, two point and three point Gaussian quadrature method and compare with exact solution with the limits from -1 to 1. b) Write about static condensation.

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0122

R07
(Civil Engineering) Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks *******

Set No. 2

## FINITE ELEMENT METHODS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80

1. a) State and explain the principle of minimum potential energy by considering suitable example. b) Finite element method is known to be an approximate method, explain. 2. Describe different stresses and equilibrium conditions for the structural problems.

3. a) Derive the shape functions to 1D finite element in which the displacement assumes a linear and quadratic degree polynomials. b) Derive the element characteristic matrix for the elastic bar element using force displacement relations. 4. a) Derive the shape functions for a CST element by assuming displacement function as a polynomial. b) What are the convergence and compatibility requirements for a finite element displacement model? 5. Compute the strain displacement matrix for a plane strain problem in terms of the ratio r=a/b for the rectangular element of sides a and b, using =0.25 and r=1. Assume displacement model as u=a1+ a2x+ a3 y+ a4 xy and v=a5+ a6 x+ a7 y+a8 xy.

1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0122

R07
y (4, 7)

Set No. 2

6. Obtain the strain-displacement matrix for the triangular element shown in Figure using the isoparametric transformation.

(8, 4) (1, 2) x 7. In an axi-symmetric problem, the element coordinates and displacements in r and z directions are given below : Node No. Coordinates Displacements 1 (1,1) (0,0) 2 (10,4) (-0.2,-0.1) 3 (6,7) (0.6,0.8) Calculate the strains and stresses developed in the element. 8. Explain in detail the following: a) Full integration b) Under integration and spurious modes.

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0122

R07
(Civil Engineering)

Set No. 3

## FINITE ELEMENT METHODS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Define finite Element method and its applications in structural Engineering. b) Define principle of virtual work and state the theorem of virtual forces. 2. Develop the stress-strain relations and strain-displacement relations for two dimensional elasticity problems.

3. a) Determine the nodal displacements and element stresses for the stepped bar shown in figure. Assume E =210 GPa.

## A = 250 mm2 25 kN 0.5 m

150 kN

4. a) Derive the shape functions to linear triangular element using natural coordinates. b) What is geometric invariance? Explain how do you achieve this property with an example. 5. a) Describe the procedure for generation of stiffness matrix to a four node rectangular element to solve the plane strain problem. b) Derive the finite element load vector to a triangular element of constant body force. 6. Describe the concept of isoparametric formulation and sketch different elements used in isoparametric formulation with Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates.

1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0122

R07

Set No. 3

7. Compute the strain displacement matrix and also the strains of a axi-symmetric triangular element with the coordinates r1= 3 cm, z1= 4 cm, r2 = 6 cm, z2 = 5 cm, r3 = 5 cm, z3 = 8 cm. The nodal displacement values are u1 = 0.01 mm, w1 = 0.01 mm, u2 = 0.01 mm, w2 = -0.04 mm, u3 = -0.03 mm, w3 = 0.07 mm. 8. a) Evaluate the integral (x + y ) dx dy by Gaussian quadrature over the area of quadrilateral with the co-ordinates 1(1,1), 2(5,1), 3(6,6) and 4(1,4). b) Discuss various solution techniques for static loads.
2 2

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0122

R07
(Civil Engineering)

Set No. 4

## FINITE ELEMENT METHODS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Describe the Rayleigh-Ritz method with an example. b) What do you mean by zero slope condition with respect to energy function? 2. a) Explain the strain-displacement matrix and derive the constitutive matrix for a plane stress condition. b) What is meant by an Axi-symmetric problem? How do you carry finite element analysis of such problems? 3. a) Derive the shape functions to one dimensional element with one degree of freedom per node. b) Determine the elongation and the support reaction of a steel bar, shown in figure of length 1.25 m long and having cross-sectional area 625 mm2. Assume E= 210 GPa and =0.3.

100 kN

4. a) State different finite elements which are suitable for the analysis of plane stress and plane strain problems. b) Derive the shape functions to four node bilinear element using natural coordinates.

1 of 2

## Code No: M0122

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

R07

Set No. 4

5. a) What is a constant strain triangular element? State its properties and applications. b) The nodal coordinates of the triangular element are shown in Figure below. At the interior point P, the X co-ordinate is 2.6 and N1 =0.4. Find N2, N3 and the Y coordinate at point P.

6. a) What is isoparametric formulation? What type of shape functions are usually used in the isoparametric formulation? b) Prove that determinant of Jacobian matrix of a triangular element is twice the area of that element. 7. Derive the strain displacement matrix for an axially symmetric ring of rectangular cross-section. 8. a) Explain in detail selective integration method. b) Using a 2 x 2 rule, evaluate the integral over the given area by Gaussian quadrature.

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Dene and explain the following with suitable examples: (a) Cut-set and a basic cut-set (b) Tree and branchs (c) Basic loop and open loops. 

2. Form the Zbus for the given network connections and remove the element-2, form the Zbus using removal of element formulae (take bus 4 as reference):  Element 1 2 3 4 5 6 Self Bus code 1-2 1-2 1-3 2-4 2-4 3-4 Impedance 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5 Mutual Bus code 1-2 (1) Impedence 0.2

2-4 (4)

0.1

3. The YBus of a 5-bus system is (55)matrix. The system has an o nominal tap ratio transformer between buses 3 and 5 as shown in gure 3 if the transformer outage takes place, how are the YBU S elements are modied. 

Figure 3 4. Discuss computational aspects of N-R (Polar form) and N-R (Rectangular form).  5. (a) A 40 MVA, 20 KV/400 KV single phase transformer has the following impedances. Zp = 0.9 + j1.8 ohms and Zs = 128+j288 ohms. Find: i. pu impedance of the transformer referred to HV ii. pu impedance of the transformer referred to LV. 

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 2

Set No. 1

## (b) Draw pu impedance diagram of the network shown in gure 5.

Figure 5 6. (a) Pabc is 3 phase power in a circuit and P012 is power in the same circuit in terms of symmetrical components. Show that abc = 012 . (b) The line currents in a 3 phase supply to an un balanced load are respectively Ia = 10 + j20; Ib = 12 - j10; Ic = -3 - j5 Amp. phase sequence is abc. Determine the sequence components of currents. [8+8] 7. A generator supplies 1.0 pu power to an innite bus as shown in gure 7. The terminal voltage and innite bus voltage are 1.0 pu. All the reactances are on a common base. Determine steady state stability limit:  (a) when both lines are in (b) when one line is switched o.

Figure 7 8. (a) Explain the methods of improving transient stability. (b) A single machine supplies power to an innite bus over a double circuit line. Discuss transient stability of the system when one of the circuit is suddenly switched o. [8+8]

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

2 of 2

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Dene and explain the following with suitable examples: (a) Cut-set and a basic cut-set (b) Tree and branchs (c) Basic loop and open loops. 2. Form the Zbus for the given network connections (take bus 1 as reference). Element 1 2 3 4 5 6 Self Buscode 1-2 1-2 1-3 2-4 2-4 3-4 Impedance 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5 Mutual Buscode 1-2 (1) Impedence 0.2  

2-4 (4)

0.1

3. What are the necessities of loud ow studies. Derive the basic loud ow equation.  4. Derive N-R (Polar form) equations and N-R (Rectangular form) equations and explain dierence between these methods.  5. (a) Prove that Base impedance =
2 KVLL(Base)

M V A3(Base)

(b) Obtain pu impedance diagram of the power system of gure 5b. Choose base quantities in generagor circuit. Generator: 20 MVA, 11 KV, X = 0.1 pu Transformer: 25 MVA, 11/33 KV, X = 0.1 pu Load: 10 MVA, 33 KV, 0.8 pf lag. 

Figure 5b 6. For the system shown in gure 6. A LLG fault occurs at point F. Find fault current. 

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 2

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 2

Figure 6 7. A 275 KV transmission line has following line constants. A = 0.85 50 , B = 200 750 The line delivers 150 MW with |VS | = |VR | = 275KV . Determine synchronizing power coecient.  8. (a) Derive equal area criterion of stability of single machine connected to innite bus. (b) Power station A has four identical sets each rated 80 MVA and each having an inertia constant 7 MJ/MVA. The stations are located close together to be regarded as a single equivalent machine for stability studies. Find inertia constant of the equivalent machine on 100 MVA base. [8+8]

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

2 of 2

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. Prove Zbr =AZbus At using non-singular transformation.



2. Using the building algorithm construct Zbus for the system below, choose Bus-4 as reference.  Element 1 2 3 4 5 Self Bus code 1-2 1-3 1-4 2-3 3-4 Impedance 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 Mutual Bus code Impedence

1-3

0.1

3. The YBus of a 5-bus system is (55)matrix. The system has an o nominal tap ratio transformer between buses 3 and 5 as shown in gure 3 if the transformer outage takes place, how are the YBU S elements are modied. 

Figure 3 4. Derive necessary equations for N-R (polar form) method of load ow analysis. 5. (a) A 3 phase fault through fault impedance Zf = 0.08 occurs at point F on the system shown in gure 5. The system is operating at noload and rated voltage. Determine bus voltages and line currents during the fault. (b) State the assumptions made in short circuit analysis. [10+6]

Figure 5

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 2

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 3

6. For the network shown in g. B a LL fault occurs at Bus 2 through fault impedance of j0.1. Determine fault current.  7. A 50 Hz generator supplies 1.0 pu power to an innite bus as shown in gure 7c. Determine: (a) Steady state stability limit (b) Accelerating power if load is increased so that = 100 (c) If the accelerating power is constant for 0.05 secs nd the rotor angle at the end of this interval. Inertia constant, H for the generator is 4 MJ / MVA.

Figure 7c 8. A 50 Hz generator supplies 0.8 pu power to innite bus via a network as shown in gure 8. A 3 phase fault occurs at point P. If fault is cleared by simultaneous opening of breakers at both ends of the faulted line at 4.5 cycles after fault occurs. Plot swing curve through t = 0.2 secs. Take H = 4 MJ/MVA. 

Figure 8

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

2 of 2

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. For the given network shown in gure 1d connections form: (a) Graph (b) Tree (c) Co-tree (d) Cut-set. 

Figure 1d 2. Derive expression for adding a branch to a parallel Zbus with mutual coupling. 3. The YBus of a 5-bus system is (55)matrix. The system has an o nominal tap ratio transformer between buses 3 and 5 as shown in gure 3 if the transformer outage takes place, how are the YBU S elements are modied. 

Figure 3 4. (a) Compare N-R (Polar) and N-R (Rectangular form) load ow methods. (b) Explain how voltage controlled buses are handled in N-R(Polar)method.[8+8]

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 3

## Code No: M0222/R07 5. (a) Prove that Zpu(new) = Zpu(old)

(M V A)Base(new) (M V A)Base(old)

Set No. 4

## (KVLL )2 Base old (KVLL )2 Base old

(b) Obtain pu impedance diagram of the power system of gure 5. Choose base quantities as 15 MVA and 33 KV. Generator: 30 MVA, 10.5 KV, X = 1.6 ohms. Transformers T1 & T2 : 15 MVA, 33/11 KV, X = 15 ohms referred to HV Transmission line: 20 ohms / phase Load: 40 MW, 6.6 KV, 0.85 lagging p.f. [4+12]

Figure 5 6. For the system shown in gure 6. A a LL fault occurs at point F. Find fault current. 

Figure 6 7. A 50 Hz generator supplies 1.0 pu power to an innite bus as shown in gure 7c. Determine: (a) Steady state stability limit (b) Accelerating power if load is increased so that = 100 (c) If the accelerating power is constant for 0.05 secs nd the rotor angle at the end of this interval. Inertia constant, H for the generator is 4 MJ / MVA.

Figure 7c 8. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving swing equation. (b) Explain point by point method of determine swing curve. [6+10]

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

2 of 3

## Code No: M0222/R07

Set No. 4

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

3 of 3

## Code No: M0425/R07

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Explain dierent Satellite links and show how Satellite helps in extending the Coverage.  2. (a) What is the dierence between a geosynchronous and a geostationary satellites? (b) The longitude and latitude of an earth station are 760 E and 130 N. Find the azimuth and elevation from this station to ASIASAT situated at 1050 E.[8+8] 3. (a) Write short notes on Telemetry Tracking and Command System. (b) Explain the importance of reliability in the design and construction of Satellites. [8+8] 4. (a) A Satellite at a distance of 40,000Km from a point on earths surface radiates a power of 5 watts from an antenna with a gain of 16 dB in the direction of the observer. Find the EIRP and power received by an antenna with eective area of 10 m2 . (b) Explain various interference eects, attenuation and noise eects that we may come across in establishing a communication link using satellite. [8+8] 5. (a) A TDMA system operates at 300 Mbits/s with a 5 ms frame time. Assume that all slots are of equal length and that a guard time of 2ms is required between slots. Compute the eciency of the communications resource (CR) for the case of 5, 10, 50 and 100 slots per frame. (b) What is meant by the SPADE system? 6. (a) Explain the step-tracking system? (b) Give a comparison of auto-Track systems? [3+13] [10+6]

7. (a) What are the two approaches used to provide real-time connection between LEO satellite and MCS? (b) Dene dwell time? What are elliptical orbits? (c) Explain the store and forward concept. 8. Explain how GPS satellite use direct sequence spread spectrum? [4+6+6] 

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 1

## Code No: M0425/R07

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Prove that three Communication Satellites would be sucient for covering the globe. (b) Write a summary of US expandable launch services. [8+8]

2. (a) Distinguish between Synchronous, Sub Synchronous and Non Sub Synchronous types of Satellites. (b) A Satellite is orbiting at 28,300 Km apogee with an eccentricity of 0.3.What is the perigee distance and average orbiting period. Assume g = 3.98 105 Km3 /S2 . [8+8] 3. Write in detail about Altitude and orbit control systems (AOCS). 4. (a) What is meant by EIRP for a transmitter and G/T for a receiver? (b) In a satellite uplink, the transmitter system has a loss of 1 dB while the transmitter antenna has a gain of 55 dB.There is an atmospheric loss of 2 dB, a free space loss of 200 dB.The receiving antenna has a gain of 20 dB. The receiving system has a bandwidth of 36 MHz and noise temperature of 1000K. If the desired SNR is 35 dB. Compute: i. The required transmitter power ii. The receiver noise power. If the ux density of the satellite should not exceed -75 dB W/m2 , obtain the trade o possible between the receiver antenna gain and transmitter power. Assume Boltzman constant = -228.6dBW/Hz/K. [8+8] 5. (a) Dene CDMA? What are its advantages? (b) Explain the basic principle of a direct sequence spread spectrum [CDMA] system? [6+10] 6. (a) Describe briey the modes of interference that can occur in a satellite communication system? (b) Distinguish carefully between satellite and terrestrial modes of interference. [8+8] 7. (a) Write the advantages and disadvantages of low and medium earth station? (b) Explain the general aspects of coverage and frequency considerations of low earth orbit. [8+8] 

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 2

## Code No: M0425/R07

Set No. 2
[8+8]

8. (a) Explain the function of the non-coherent delay lock loop in GPS receiver. (b) Explain the costas loop in GPS receiver.

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

2 of 2

## Code No: M0425/R07

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Write a detailed summary of European expandable launch vehicles. (b) Discuss in detail the various operational centers of ISRO and their Responsibilities. [8+8] 2. (a) Derive the equation of the Satellite Orbit in polar Co-ordinate system. (b) Determine the maximum and minimum range in Km from an earth station to a Geosynchronous satellite. To what round trip propagation times do these correspond. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain about 6/4 GHz Communication Subsystem in detail with neat schematics. (b) The earth subtends an angle of 170 when viewed from geostationary orbit. What are the dimensions and gain of horn antenna that will provide global coverage at 4 GHz. [8+8] 4. (a) What are the factors on which a digital communication satellite link depends on? Explain in brief. (b) Calculate the rain attenuation in the case of a 6/4GHz link if the probability of rain rate for 0.01% of time is 25mm/hr. The earth station is situated at an altitude of 3450 ft. Use both SAM and CCIR model for a = 42.1106 f2.42 and b = 1.5 f0.08 . [8+8] 5. (a) Mention the types of FDMA? (b) List out the interference in FDMA. (c) Compute the Transmitted power of a satellite using FDMA. [2+6+8]

6. What is meant by Tracking and Pointing? Explain its signicance and the techniques as to how these are achieved?  7. Explain the system considerations for LEO. 

8. Explain how DGPS are used to calculate the error in GPS position measurement? 

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 1

## Code No: M0425/R07

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2012 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Give any ve Satellite Systems of category code F and discuss them briey. (b) Bring out the advantages and disadvantages of Communication Satellite Systems. [8+8] 2. (a) A Satellite is moving in a near earth circular orbit at a distance of 640Km. Determine its orbital period. (b) A Satellite is moving in a molniya orbit having the farthest and the closet points as 35000 Km and 500 Km respectively from the earths surface. Determine the time period and the velocity at the apogee and perigee points. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain dierent types of redundancy connections to complete subsystem reliability of a Satellite System. (b) Write short notes on Spacecraft Subsystems. 4. (a) What do you understand by G/T of an earth station? (b) In a satellite communication system, the satellite is at height of 36,000Km above earth the frequency used is 4GHz and the transmitting antenna gain is 75 dB and the receiving antenna gain is 45 dB. Calculate: i. The free space transmission loss ii. The received power, when the transmitter power is 200watts. 5. (a) What do you mean by multiple accesses in satellite communication? (b) Calculate the frame eciency of a TDMA frame of period 2.2ms. Total frame length = 128000 symbols  Guard interval = 110 symbols No. of Trac bursts\frame = 14 No. of Reference bursts\frame = 1 CDC during reference burst = 10 symbols No. of Preamble =20 8 symbols. 6. Explain the main elements of satellite tracking systems? 7. Explain the following NGOSS: [8+8] [8+8]

[4+12] 

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

1 of 2

## Code No: M0425/R07 (a) QOS (b) Spectrum available

Set No. 4
[6+5+5]

(c) Health and electromagnetic interference EMI issues. 8. (a) Explain the position location in GPS. (b) How clock error is avoided in GPS?

[12+4]

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

2 of 2

R07

Set No. 1

## DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

(Common to Mechanical Engineering and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Discuss the drawbacks of file system. How does database management system overcome these drawbacks? b) What is data model? Explain about various types of data models.

 

2. a) Explain the conceptual database design with the ER model  b) A university database contains information about professors (identified by SSN) and courses (identified by courseid). Professors teach courses; the following situation concerns the Teaches relationship set. Professors can teach the same course several semesters, and only the most recent such offering needs to be recorded. Draw an ER diagram for the above situation.  3. a) Consider the following schema and Answer the queries given below in relational algebra, tuple relational calculus, and domain relational calculus. Suppliers (sid: integer, sname: string, address: string) Parts (pid: integer, pname: string, color: string) Catalog (sid: integer, pid: integer , cost: real) i) Find the sids of suppliers who supply every red part. ii) Find the pids of parts supplied by at least two different suppliers. [6+6=12] b) What is relational completeness? Explain. 

1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: N0321

R07

Set No. 1

4. a) Explain the impact of null values on SQL  b) Consider the following schema: Students ( snum: integer, sname: string, major: string, level: string, age: integer) Class (cname: string, meets-at: time, room: string, fid: integer) Enrolled (snum: integer, cname: string) Faculty (fid: integer, fname: string, deptid: integer) Write the following queries in SQL i) Find the names of the students who are enrolled in two classes that meet at the same time. ii) Find the names of the faculty members who teach in every room in which some class is taught. iii) Print the level and average age of the students for that level. iv) Find the names of students enrolled in maximum number of classes.  5. a) Explain about various properties of decomposition. b) What is BCNF? Explain. 6. a) Explain in detail the properties of a transaction. b) What is two-phase locking protocol? Explain. 7. What are the key features of advanced recovery system? Explain.       

8. a) Explain the tree based indexing in detail. b) What are sorted files? Explain

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

R07

Set No. 2

## DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

(Common to Mechanical Engineering and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) List out various database applications. b) What is transaction management? Explain. c) Explain the concept of data abstraction. 2. Explain about the additional features of ER model with suitable examples. Max Marks: 80

##    

3. a) Consider the following schema and Answer the queries given below in relational algebra, tuple relational calculus, and domain relational calculus. Suppliers (sid: integer, sname: string, address: string) Parts (pid: integer, pname: string, color: string) Catalog (sid: integer, pid: integer , cost: real) i) Find the sids of suppliers who supply every red or green part. ii) Find the pids of the most expensive parts supplied by supplier named Sam. [6+6=12] b) What is an unsafe calculus query? Why is it important to avoid such queries?  4. a) Consider the following schema and answer the queries given below in SQL. Sailors (sid: integer, sname: string, rating: integer, age: real) Boats (bid: integer, bname: string, color: string) Reserves (sid: integer, bid: integer, day: date) i) Find the sids of all sailors who have reserved red boats but not green boats. ii) Find the names of the sailors who have reserved red boats. iii) Find the sailors whose rating is better than some sailor called Horatio. iv) Find the age of youngest sailor for each rating level.  b) What is a trigger? What are the differences between row-level and statement-level triggers? Explain.  1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: N0321

R07

Set No. 2
       

5. a) Explain about schema refinement in database design. b) What is minimal cover for a set of FDs? Describe an algorithm for computing the minimal cover of a set of FDs, and illustrate it with an example. 6. a) How are atomicity and durability implemented? Explain. b) What is concurrent execution? Explain 7. a) What is log based recovery? Explain. b) What do you mean by failure with loss of nonvolatile storage? Explain. 8. a) Explain the Indexed Sequential Access Method with a n example. b) What are heap files? Explain

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

R07

Set No. 3

## DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

(Common to Mechanical Engineering and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Differentiate between file system and database system. b) Explain the structure of a database system with aid of a diagram. Max Marks: 80

 

2. a) What guidelines would you use for whether to use a binary or ternary relationship when doing ER design? Explain with an example.  b) A university database contains information about professors (identified by SSN) and courses (identified by courseid). Professors teach courses; the following situation concerns the Teaches relationship set. Professors can teach the same course several semesters, and each offering must be recorded. Draw an ER diagram for the above situation.  3. Explain the logical database design with suitable examples. 

4. a) Explain about various complex integrity constraints in SQL.  b) Consider the following schema and Answer the queries given below in SQL. Suppliers (sid: integer, sname: string, address: string) Parts (pid: integer, pname: string, color: string) Catalog (sid: integer, pid: integer , cost: real) i) Find the snames of suppliers who supply every part. ii) Find the pnames of parts supplied by Acme Widget Suppliers and no one else. iii) For each part, find the sname of the supplier who charges the most for that part. iv)Find the sids of suppliers who supply a red and a green part. 

1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: N0321

R07

Set No. 3
  

5. a) What is functional dependency? Explain the closure of a set of FDs. b) What is fourth normal form? Explain. c) Define decomposition and explain. 6. a) What is serializibility? Explain the concepts of conflict and view serializibilities along with their testing. b) What are lock based protocols? Explain. 7. a) What are remote backup systems? Explain. b) What is log based recovery? Explain. 8. a) Explain about various file organizations and indexing. b) Explain the structure of a B+ tree.

##      

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

R07

Set No. 4

## DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

(Common to Mechanical Engineering and Electronics & Computer Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ******* 1. a) Explain the structure of a database system with a neat diagram. b) Discuss about the role of DBA c) What is query processor? Explain. Max Marks: 80

##   

2. A company database needs to store information about employees (identified by ssn, with salary and phone as attributes), departments (identified by dno, with dname and budget as attributes), and children of employees (with name and age as attributes). Employees work in departments; each department is managed by an employee; a child must be identified uniquely by name when the parent (assume that only one parent works for the company) is known. The information of the child is not required if the parent leaves the company. Perform the conceptual design with the ER model to capture the above information.  3. a) Explain how relationship sets with key constraints and participation constraints are translated from ER to relational model.  b) What is a view? Explain how views support logical data independence and security. Why does SQL restrict the class of views that can be updated?  4. a) Explain the differences between triggers and integrity constraints, and describe when you would use triggers over integrity constraints and vice versa.  b) Consider the following schema and answer the queries given below in SQL. Sailors (sid: integer, sname: string, rating: integer, age: real) Boats (bid: integer, bname: string, color: string) Reserves (sid: integer, bid: integer, day: date) i) Find the age of the youngest sailor who is eligible to vote (i.e., is at least 18 years old) for each rating level with at least two such sailors. ii) Compute increments for the ratings of persons who have sailed two different boats on the same day. iii) Find the names of the sailors who have reserved boat 103. iv) Find the names of sailors who have not reserved a red boat.  1 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||

## Code No: N0321

R07

Set No. 4
 

5. a) Explain the problems caused by redundancy with suitable examples. b) What are multivalued dependencies? Explain. Also give the three rules that only involve MVDs. 6. a) What is transaction? Explain about various states of transaction and distinguish between transaction and schedule. b) What are time stamp based protocols? Explain. 7. a) Explain the recovery with concurrent transactions. b) What is buffer management? Explain. 8. a) Compare sorted files and clustered files. b) Explain hash based indexing.

##      

2 of 2

||'''||||''|'|'''|||