Psychometrics E-Assignment – 1

Prateek, 109CS0130 Group - 3

Modern Language Aptitude Test
Description Developed by John B. Carroll and Stanley Sapon, during a 5 year research at the Harvard University between 1953 and 1958, this test aims to measure "an individual's aptitude to learn a foreign language ". Though the test can be used to predict success in all communication skills, it is predominantly used for speaking and listening. Authors of the test have said that though virtually anyone can learn a foreign language, the test predicts the relative ease, when compared to other individuals, with which an individual can learn a foreign language, under a given amount of time and conditions. As per a research done by Carroll, language learning aptitude is not a general unitary ability, but a composite of at-least four relatively independent specialized abilities. The test measures the following abilities
1. Phonetic coding ability – defined as the ability of an individual to identify distinct

sounds; associate the sounds with symbols representing them and the ability to retain those associations.
2. Grammatical sensibility – defined as the ability to understand the grammatical functions

of words / phrases in sentences.
3. Rote learning ability – defined as the ability of rapid learning and retentions of

associations formed between sounds and symbols.
4. Inductive language learning ability - defined as the ability to discover or infer the rules

of grammar from a relevant sample material. The test consists of five sections
1. Number Learning – This section tests auditory and memory abilities associated with

sound-meaning relationships. Test takers are given the names of numbers in a new language. After hearing the names spoken aloud, they are expected to write down the corresponding number. ( 43 Possible Points)
2. Phonetic Scripts – This section tests an individual's ability to learn a system for writing

English sounds phonetically. It's basically a test of sound-symbol association ability. ( 30 Possible Points)

Authors of the test argue that since aptitude is an inherent trait in human beings. with a version of the test. Inc. Examinee Answer Sheet. The basic Test Kit includes a Manual. Scoring Scoring is done on the basis of correct answers to questions in each part.3. Practice Exercises Sheet. After test administration is complete. scores are calculated by hand using the Hand Scoring Stencil. . Test administration takes approximately one hour and requires the use of a cassette recorder or CD player. Being a highly speeded section. Elementary MLAT designed specifically for school children. and it controls the timing of the sections. it is considered a challenging section. Interpretation and use of test scores The test results provide the following assessments: 1. Paired Associates – This section evaluates the rote learning ability of the test taker. MLAT is administered primary to adults. The MLAT scoring norms were established in 1958 by administering the MLAT to high school students. Words in sentences – This task tests individual's inductive language learning ability and grammatical sensibility. and foreign-service officers. Time required by an individual to learn a foreign language . college students. and Cassette Tape or CD.Churches and missionaries use the results of the test to determine the duration of their foreign language programs. Scores are interpreted differently by the different organizations using them and the cut-offs are also modified accordingly. ( 50 Possible Points) 4. Separate norms are available for each group. Hand Scoring Stencil. Spelling Clues / Hidden Words – This task again tests the sound –symbol association ability. with no negative scores being awarded for any wrong answers. Administration The Modern Language Aptitude Test is now the property of the non-profit entity Second Language Testing Foundation. as well as the knowledge of English vocabulary. Test Booklet. The cassette tape/CD includes instructions and stimuli for the entire test. The MLAT may be administered to individuals or to groups. ( 45 Possible Points ) 5. military personnel. the degree of aptitude in major populations groups does not change appreciably over time.

(2002). To diagnose foreign language learning disability. Language Learning and Testing Foundation.net/aptitude- tests/language-aptitude-tests/modern-language-aptitude-test-2 3.2. Wikipedia . Language-learning aptitude. J. References 1.Schools and clinical psychologists use the test results for this purpose. MD: Second Language Testing. Carroll. N. Bethesda. 3. MLAT Test. & Sapon. 4. To identify persons who would benefit the most from the time and expense of an intensive foreign language – Government and military agencies use this test primarily for this purpose. S. http://lltf. Advising students on opting for foreign language scores – Schools use the test results to advise students who are interested in opting for a foreign language course. B. Modern Language Aptitude Test: Manual 2002 Edition. 2. Inc.

these sections aim to assess the analytical writing abilities of the test taker. and 10 critical reading questions and the overall score is on a scale of 130-170. It includes 6 text completion. critical reasoning and vocabulary usages.Graduate Record Examinations Description Developed and administered by the Education Testing Society (ETS) in 1949.proof ". designed to an individual's suitability for graduate studies. 2. one being an "Issues Essay" and the second one being an "Argument Essay". The examination aims to evaluate the following abilities 1. 3. The GRE general test consists of the following sections 1. Quantitative reasoning 3. Critical thinking skills The developers of the test claim that these abilities are acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study. Two Quantitative Reasoning Sections – These sections test the basic high school level mathematics and reasoning skills of the test takers. Two Analytical writing sections ( consisting of Issue and Argument Tasks) – This is always the first section and consists of two essays. Evaluated by on 0-6 point scale. Analytical writing 4. However there exist a lot of counter claims and debates over this issue. the Graduate Record Examinations is a standardized aptitude test. Questions included in these . Verbal reasoning 2. Two Verbal Reasoning Sections – These tasks aim to assess reading comprehension. 4 sentence equivalence. Also they claim that their test is "pattern. and cannot be "trained for". GRE has today become a requirement in most of the graduate schools of United States and other English speaking nations.

Computer Science. adaptive test. Data Interpretation Items and Quantitative Comparison questions. Scoring is done in such a manner that even after getting a few questions incorrect. Questions given in this section are basically the questions which ETS is considering for future use and these are not used for scoring the candidates. the lowest score of the candidate is 130. Psychology and Biology etc. which is used to rank the individuals applying for a certain university or program. Additionally candidates may take up GRE subject tests on specific areas such as Mathematics. it's adaptive on a section to section basis. Experimental Section – This section can be either of quantitative reasoning. the performance of the candidate in one questions / section determines the level of difficulty of the following questions. Such tests are not adaptive in nature and the "Experimental Section" is not present in those tests. Administration GRE is administered primarily as a computer based. The absolute scores are used to calculate a percentile score. the candidate can still end up with the perfect score of 170 and even with no correct answers. GRE test was adaptive on a question to question basis but post that. In adaptive tests.sections range from Problem Solving items. Before August 2011. It is also scored on a scale of 130-170. Usages of Test Results . verbal reasoning or analytical writing. 4. A paper-pen version of the test is administered in places where the online test is not possible. Scoring and Interpretation Test takers get a score on a scale of 130-170.

Wikipedia . The weightage of test scores on the selection of the candidate varies from university to university. GRE. ETS http://www. About GRE revised General Test. such as quantitative reasoning skills. GRE.ets. few programs may concentrate only on certain abilities of the candidates.The test results are primarily used for selection of candidates for graduate programs. Also. References 1. The Princeton Review 2012 2. while not taking into account the other sections of the test.org/gre/revised_general/about 3.

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