EOI de Oviedo.

Departamento de Inglés.

Nivel Avanzado 2008/2009

Reyes Ferreras

OBAMA’S INAUGURAL SPEECH (20TH, JANUARY, 2009) Read Obama’s inaugural speech. It has been divided in sections marked 1 to 6. For each section find the word or words which match the meanings given below. Work in pairs.

SECTION 1 1 – (Noun) Ancestors. People of an earlier period and common heritage. 2 – (Noun): A solemn, formal calling upon God to witness to the truth of what one says or that one sincerely intends to do what one says. 3 – (Adj.) Persistently recurring. 4 – (Prep.) Among; Amid. 5 – (Noun) Excessive desire to acquire or possess more than one needs. 6 – (adj. + noun) the high point of anything conceived of as growing or developing. 7 – (Gerund) Undermining, weakening gradually or destroying. 8 – (Participle) That have disappeared or have been reduced. 9 - (Participle) That have closed down or ceased to operate. 10 – (Partic.) Given as a gift or an honour. Given officially and formally. SECTION 2 1 – (Past tense) Worked strenuously and continuously. 2 – (Adj. used as noun) Those who lack conviction, courage, resolution. 3 – (Past tense) Broke and turned over the earth. 4 – (Adj.) Very irritated and painful. 5 – (Noun) A route more direct than the one ordinarily taken. A means of doing something more directly and quickly than and often not so thoroughly as by ordinary procedure. 6 – (Noun) An extent, stretch, reach, or spread between two limits. 7 – (Expression) Suffered patiently the beating and blows with a striking instrument. 8 – (Adj. + noun) Complaints of little or no importance about a (real or imaginary) wrong that causes resentment. 9 – (Adj. + noun) Patient, long-suffering attitude. 10 – (Adj. + noun) A course of conduct full of hardship and trouble. SECTION 3 1 – (Adj. + adj.) Quick, fast, without delay. 2 – (Verb) Use effectively. 3 – (Adj.) No longer new, uninteresting, lacking spontaneity and originality. 4 – (Expression) Will be considered responsible for and will have to explain their actions. 5 – (Adj. + noun) A system of electrical distribution serving a large area, esp. by means of high-tension lines. 6 – (Idiom. Adj. + noun). Refusing to make any changes. Cling or holding firm to one's decision, policy, or beliefs. 7 – (Verb) Bring under conditions for effective use; gain control over for a particular end.

SECTION 4 1 – (Adj.) Moderating by been less extreme or more self-restrained 2 – (Past tense + noun) Created or composed a document by thinking and writing, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the organisation, and defining rights and privileges for the citizens. 3 – (Verb) Hesitate, be unsure or weak, falter. 4 – (Gerund) Killing in a violent and brutal manner; massacring. 5 – (Adj.) Without equal or rival; incomparable. 6 – (Adj. + noun) Previous, prior or preceding enemies or adversaries 7 – (Expression) In order to take advantage of opportunities without regard for the consequences for others. On the account of opportunism or selfinterest. 8 – (Noun) Discipline and control. 9 – (Adj. + noun) Strong and firm coalitions or formal agreements. 10 – (Adj. + noun) Lasting or permanent beliefs and opinions. SECTION 5 1 – (Verb) Promise solemnly. 2 – (Adj. + noun) Disagreeable acrid taste like that of garbage or waste. 3 – (Verb) Plant, disseminate or grow. 4 – (Noun functioning as adj. + noun) Inheritance, patrimony or legacy characterised by its variety. 5 – (Gerund + prep.) Introducing or leading. 6 – (Expression) Open your tightly-closed hand. 7 – (Noun) The act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of misleading; duplicity; fraud; cheating. 8 – (Noun) Difference of sentiment or opinion; disagreement. SECTION 6 1 – (Noun) A long ridge of sand and clay built up by a river along its banks, especially during floods. An artificial embankment along a river course or an arm of the sea, built to protect adjoining land from inundation. 2 – (Verb) Take hold of suddenly or forcibly; grasp. 3 – (Participle) Gathered together and curled up or crouched. 4 – (Adj. + noun) Outdoor fires which are vanishing. 5 – (Verb) Be unsure or weak; move unsteadily or stumble. 6 – (Expression) Meet or face courageously, challenge or defy the difficult course of events. 7 – (Adv.) Reluctantly or unwillingly. 8 – (Verb) Express, personify, incarnate. 9 – (Verb) Spreads out or lays open to view; expands; stretches. 10 – (Verb) Rush violently.