528 views

save

- Introducing Arithmetic
- Happy Maths 4 - English
- Introducing Addition & Subtraction
- Introducing Numbers
- Mighty Math 2 - Working With Numbers
- Mighty Math 1 - The Whizz Kids Worksheets
- Introducing Multiplication & Division
- Lets Look At Numbers
- Laplace
- 8057747 Happy Maths 3 English
- Algebra Methods
- Solving Ordinary Differential Equations - Sage Reference Manual v7
- Matrices
- Lectures Part 2.1 ODEs
- Introducing Mathematics
- Differential Equation of Connectedness for Massively Interconnected Systems
- graphing systems lesson plan
- mccoy mystery lesson
- reynoso analysisspring jp 1
- Elemental Impurities.pdf
- upwindmolml
- btw math lesson jenna erin laura
- Intro2MatlabCh2 - Hadi Saadat.pdf
- lesson plan 2
- alg 1 sem 1 13-14 sem 1
- Intro Diff Eq - group project 1 -final
- Essentials of Applied Mathematics
- fake lesson plan
- unit lesson 6
- Readiness.
- Commercial Arithmetic
- Data Analysis
- Fourier Transform
- SURFACE ROUGHNESS EFFECTS ON SQUEEZE FILM BEHAVIOR IN POROUS TRANSVERSELY TRIANGULAR PLATES WITH COUPLE STRESS FLUID
- Co Ordinate Geometry
- Determinant
- Exploring Secrets of Math Formulae
- Complex Numbers
- Analytical Geometry
- Laplace
- Boundary Value
- Algebra
- Mathematics Formula Explorer / visit : www.MathsHomework123.com
- Matrices
- 3D Analytical Geometry

Let us assume that z will always represent a function of x and y. i.e., z = f(x,y) where x and y are two independent variables and z is a dependent variable. Notations

p= ∂z∂x, q= ∂z∂y, r= ∂2z∂x2, s= ∂2z∂x ∂y, t= ∂2z∂y2

www.MathsHomeWork123.com

•

If the number of constants to be eliminated is equal to the number of independent variables then the required Partial Differential Equation will be of First Order. If the number of constants to be eliminated is more than the number of independent variables then the required Partial Differential Equation will be of Second Order or higher order. If the number of functions to be eliminated is one, then the required Partial Differential Equation will be of first order otherwise it will be of second order or higher order. Eliminating ф from фu, v=0 gives a Partial Differential Equation

uxuyvxvy=0

•

•

•

To Solve f(p, q) = 0 Let z = ax + by + c be the solution. Then p = a, q = b, we get f(a,b)=0 Solving, we get b= фa The Complete Integral is z •

= ax + ф(a) y + c. There is no singular integral.

The complete integral of Partial Differential Equation of the type Z = px + qy + f(p, q) is z= ax + by + f(a,b)

**To Solve f(z, p, q) = 0 Let z=f(x + ay) be the solution.
**

www.MathsHomeWork123.com / Partial Differential Equation

www.MathsHomeWork123.com

Put u = x + ay, then z = f(u).

p=dzdu, q=adzdu

Solving fz, dzdu, adzdu=0 which is an ordinary differential equation, we get the required solution. To Solve f1(x, p) = f2(y, q) Let f1(x, p) = f2(y, q) = k p = F1(x, k) q = F2(y, k) Then z= F1x,kdx+ F2y,kdy To Solve F(xmp, ynq) = 0 and F(z, xmp, ynq) = 0 If m≠1, n≠1, then Xmp = (1 – m)P Ynq = (1 – n)Q, where P= ∂z∂X, Q= ∂z∂Y Solution is F ( P, Q ) = 0 F (z, P, Q) = 0 If m=1, n=1, then put log x = X and log y = Y xp = P and yq = Q Solution is F ( P, Q ) = 0 F (z, P, Q) = 0

www.MathsHomeWork123.com / Partial Differential Equation

www.MathsHomeWork123.com

Lagranges Linear Equation The standard form is Pp and z.

+ Qq = R

where P, Q and R are functions of x, y

**The subsidiary equation is
**

dxP= dyQ= dzR

**Choose any three multiplier l, m, n such that
**

dxP= dyQ= dzR= l dx+m dy+n dzlP+mQ+nR, where lP+mQ+nR=0

i.e., l dx+m dy+n dz = 0 Solving, we get u(x, y, z ) = c1

**Similarly choose another set of three multipliers l/, m/, n/ such that
**

dxP= dyQ= dzR= l/ dx+m/ dy+n/ dzl/P+m/Q+n/R, where l/P+m/Q+n/R=0

Solving, we get v(x, y, z ) = c2

The Solution is given by ф(u, v) = 0

www.MathsHomeWork123.com / Partial Differential Equation

www.MathsHomeWork123.com

**HOMOGENEOUS LINEAR PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION
**

The general form of Linear Partial Differential Equation is

a0∂nz∂xn+a1∂nz∂xn-1∂y+……+an∂nz∂yn=F (x, y)

The Solution is z = Complementary Function (C.F) + Particular Integral (P.I)

To find Complementary Function (C.F) Auxillary Equation is a0mn+a1mn-1+ ……+ an=0 This equation has n roots say m1,m2,m3,…..mn Case (i) If the roots are real ( or imaginary) and different say m1≠m2≠m3≠…..≠mn, then the C.F is

z= f1y+m1x+f2y+m2x+f3y+m3x+……+ fny+mnx

**Case (ii) If any two roots are equal say m1=m2=m and m3≠m4≠……then the C.F is
**

z= f1y+mx+f2y+mx+f3y+m3x+f4y+m4x……+ fny+mnx

**Case (ii) If any three roots are equal say m1=m2=m3=m and m4≠m5≠……then the C.F is
**

z= f1y+mx+x f2y+mx+x2f3y+m3x+f4y+m4x……+ fny+mnx

**To find Particular Integral ( P. I ) If F(x, y) = eax+by, then
**

www.MathsHomeWork123.com / Partial Differential Equation

www.MathsHomeWork123.com

Rule 1

P.I= 1ф(D,D/) eax+by= 1ф(a,b)eax+by provided фa, b≠0

**If фa, b= 0, then refer to caseiv. Rule 2 If F(x, y) = sin (mx+ny) or cos(mx+ny), then
**

P.I= 1ф(D,D/) sin mx+ny or cos(mx+ny)

Replace D2 by –m2, D/2 by –n2 and DD/ by –mn in фa, b provided the denominator is not equal to zero. If the denominator is zero, then refer to case (iv). Rule 3 If F(x, y) = xmyn then

P.I= 1ф(D,D/) xmyn=[ф(D, D/)]-1xmyn

**Expand =[ф(D, D/)]-1 by using Binomial theorem and then operate on xmyn. Note 1
**

1Df(x, y) means integrate f(x,y) with respect to ‘x’ one time assuming ‘y’ as a constant. 1D/f(x, y) means integrate f(x, y) with respect to ‘y’ one time

assuming ‘x’ as a constant. Note 2

In xmyn, if m < n, then try to write ф(D, D/) as ф(DD/) and if n < m, write ф(D, D/) as ф(D/D)

**Rule 4 If F(x, y) is any other function, resolve ф(D, D/) into linear factors say
**

(D- m1D/)D-m2D/…..etc, then the P.I= 1(D- m1D/)D-m2D/F(x,y)

Now, 1(D- mD)Fx,y= Fx, c-mxdx where y=c-mx Note : If the denominator is zero in Rule 1 and Rule 2, then apply rule 4 to find Particular Integral.

www.MathsHomeWork123.com / Partial Differential Equation

www.MathsHomeWork123.com

www.MathsHomeWork123.com / Partial Differential Equation

- Introducing ArithmeticUploaded byMahobe
- Happy Maths 4 - EnglishUploaded byPratham Books
- Introducing Addition & SubtractionUploaded byMahobe
- Introducing NumbersUploaded byMahobe
- Mighty Math 2 - Working With NumbersUploaded byMahobe
- Mighty Math 1 - The Whizz Kids WorksheetsUploaded byMahobe
- Introducing Multiplication & DivisionUploaded byMahobe
- Lets Look At NumbersUploaded byMahobe
- LaplaceUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- 8057747 Happy Maths 3 EnglishUploaded byPili Varela
- Algebra MethodsUploaded byMahobe
- Solving Ordinary Differential Equations - Sage Reference Manual v7Uploaded byamyounis
- MatricesUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Lectures Part 2.1 ODEsUploaded byFaisal Amir
- Introducing MathematicsUploaded byMahobe
- Differential Equation of Connectedness for Massively Interconnected SystemsUploaded byPavel Barseghyan
- graphing systems lesson planUploaded byapi-321443899
- mccoy mystery lessonUploaded byapi-256995276
- reynoso analysisspring jp 1Uploaded byapi-317494853
- Elemental Impurities.pdfUploaded bysuey0209
- upwindmolmlUploaded byAhamadi Elhouyoun
- btw math lesson jenna erin lauraUploaded byapi-206004797
- Intro2MatlabCh2 - Hadi Saadat.pdfUploaded by9290894
- lesson plan 2Uploaded byapi-271981519
- alg 1 sem 1 13-14 sem 1Uploaded byapi-235697108
- Intro Diff Eq - group project 1 -finalUploaded byBill Platisa
- Essentials of Applied MathematicsUploaded bygrenouille2
- fake lesson planUploaded byapi-271981519
- unit lesson 6Uploaded byapi-317027961
- Readiness.Uploaded byMichelleDelaguna

- Commercial ArithmeticUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Data AnalysisUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Fourier TransformUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- SURFACE ROUGHNESS EFFECTS ON SQUEEZE FILM BEHAVIOR IN POROUS TRANSVERSELY TRIANGULAR PLATES WITH COUPLE STRESS FLUIDUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Co Ordinate GeometryUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- DeterminantUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Exploring Secrets of Math FormulaeUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Complex NumbersUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Analytical GeometryUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- LaplaceUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Boundary ValueUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- AlgebraUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- Mathematics Formula Explorer / visit : www.MathsHomework123.comUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- MatricesUploaded byMaths Home Work 123
- 3D Analytical GeometryUploaded byMaths Home Work 123