Chapter 11

Displacement Method of Analysis
p
y
Slope Deflection Method

Displacement Method of Analysis
• Two main methods of analyzing indeterminate structure
– Force method 
• The method of consistent deformations & the equation of three 
moment 
• The primary unknowns are forces or moments
Th
i
k
f

– Displacement method
• The slope‐deflection method & the moment distribution method
Th l
d fl ti
th d & th
t di t ib ti
th d
• The primary unknown is displacement (slope & deflection)
• It
It is particularly useful for the analysis of highly statically indeterminate 
is particularly useful for the analysis of highly statically indeterminate
structure 
• Easily programmed on a computer & used to analyze a wide range of 
indeterminate structures   

Displacement Method of Analysis
Displacement Method of Analysis
• Degree of Freedom
– The number of possible joint rotations & independent joint 
translations in a structure is called the degree of freedom of the 
structure
– In three dimensions each node on a frame can have at most three 
linear displacements & three rotational displacements.
– In two dimension each node can have at most two linear 
displacements & one rotational displacement.
DOF = n J– R
‐ n number of possible joint’s movements
‐ J number of joints
j
‐ R number of restrained  movements

Displacement Method of Analysis
Displacement Method of Analysis
• Degree of Freedom
DOF = n J– R
‐ n number of possible joint’s movements



n = 2 for two dimensional truss structures
n = 2 for three dimensional truss structures
n= 3 for two dimensional frame structures
n= 6 for three dimensional frame structures

‐ J number of joints
‐ R number of restrained  movements

• Neglecting Axial deformation
eg ect g a de o at o
DOF = n J– R – m
‐ m number of members

Displacement Method of Analysis
Displacement Method of Analysis

Slope‐Deflection
Slope
Deflection Equations
Equations
Derivation  •
Derivation

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Angular Displacement at A, θ
A
l Di l
A θA

∑ M A ' = 0.
∑ M B ' = 0.

⎡ 1 ⎛ M AB
⎢ 2 ⎜ EI
⎣ ⎝
⎡ 1 ⎛ M BA
⎢ 2 ⎜ EI
⎣ ⎝

⎞ ⎤ L ⎡ 1 ⎛ M BA
⎟L ⎥ − ⎢ ⎜
⎠ ⎦ 3 ⎣ 2 ⎝ EI
⎞ ⎤ L ⎡ 1 ⎛ M AB
⎟L ⎥ − ⎢ ⎜
⎠ ⎦ 3 ⎣ 2 ⎝ EI

⎞ ⎤ 2L
= 0.
⎟L ⎥
⎠ ⎦ 3
⎞ ⎤ 2L
+ θ A L = 0.
⎟L ⎥
3
⎠ ⎦

M AB =

4EI
θA
L

M BA =

22EI
EI
θA
L

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Angular Displacement at B, θ
A
l Di l
B θB

M BA =

4EI
θB
L

M AB =

2EI
θB
L

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Relative Linear Displacement ∆
R l i Li
Di l

∑ M B ' = 0.

⎡1 ⎛ M
⎢ 2 ⎜ EI
⎣ ⎝

⎞ ⎤ 2L ⎡ 1 ⎛ M
−⎢ ⎜
⎟L ⎥
⎠ ⎦ 3 ⎣ 2 ⎝ EI

⎞ ⎤L
⎟ L ⎥ + ∆ = 0.
⎠ ⎦3
M AB = M BA = M =

−6EI

2
L

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Fixed‐End Moment 
Fi d E d M

∑F

y

= 0.

Fixed-End
moment

⎡ 1 ⎛ PL
⎢ 2 ⎜ EI
⎣ ⎝

⎡1 ⎛ M
⎞ ⎤

L
2
⎟ ⎥
⎢ 2 ⎜ EI
⎠ ⎦
⎣ ⎝

M =

PL
8

⎞ ⎤
0
⎟ L ⎥ = 0.
⎠ ⎦

Slope‐Deflection Equations
p
q

M AB = (FEM ) AB
M BA = (FEM ) BA

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Fixed‐End Moment 

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Slope‐deflection equations
Sl
d fl i
i
– The resultant moment (adding all equations together)
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ A + θ B − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + (FEM ) AB
⎝ L ⎠⎣
⎝ L ⎠⎦
⎛I
M BA = 2E ⎜
⎝L

⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
2
θ
θ
3
+

A
⎟⎢ B
⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + (FEM ) BA
⎠⎣
⎝ L ⎠⎦

• Lets represent the member stiffness as k = I/L &
• The span ration due to displacement as ψ
p
p
ψ = ∆/L
/
• Referring to one end of the span as near end (N) & the other 
end as the far end (F).

– Rewrite the equations 
Rewrite the equations

M N = 2EK [ 2θ N + θ F − 3ψ ] + (FEM ) N
M F = 2EK [ 2θ F + θ N − 3ψ ] + (FEM ) F

Slope‐Deflection Equations
• Slope‐deflection equations for pin supported End Span
Sl
d fl i
i
f
i
dE dS
– If the far end is a pin or a roller support

M N = 2EK [ 2θ N + θ F − 3ψ ] + (FEM ) N

0 = 2EK [ 2θ F + θ N − 3ψ ] + 0
– Multiply the first equation by 2 and subtracting the second equation 
f
from it
it

M N = 3EK [θ N −ψ ] + (FEM ) N

Slope‐Deflection
Slope
Deflection Equations
Equations
• MN, MF = the internal moment in the near & far end of the span. 
Considered positive when acting in a clockwise direction
• E, k = modulus of elasticity of material & span stiffness k = I/L
E k
d l
f l ti it f t i l &
tiff
k I/L
• θN, θF = near & far end slope of the span at the supports in radians. 
Considered positive when acting in a clockwise direction
• ψ = span ration due to a linear displacement ∆ / L. if the right end of   a 
member sinks with respect the the left end the sign is positive

Steps to analyzing beams using this method
– Fined the fixed end moments of each span (both ends left & right)
– Apply the slope deflection equation on each span & identify the unknowns 
– Write down the joint equilibrium equations
Write down the joint equilibrium equations
– Solve the equilibrium equations to get the unknown rotation & deflections
– Determine the end moments and then treat each span as simply supported beam 
subjected to given load & end moments so you can workout the reactions & draw
subjected to given load & end moments so you can workout the reactions & draw 
the bending moment & shear force diagram

Example 1
• Example 1
E
l 1
– Draw the bending moment & shear force diagram. 
Fi d E
Fixed
Endd Moment
M
t
FEM AB

FEM BC

4× 4
=−
= −2t .m
8
2 × 62
=−
= −6t .m
12

4
4t

2t/m

FEM BA = 2t .m
FEM CB = 6t .m

Slope Deflection Equations
⎛I ⎞
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ A + θ B − 0] − 2
⎝4⎠
⎛I ⎞
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [θ A + 2θ B − 0] + 2
⎝4⎠
⎛ 2I ⎞
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ B + θC − 0] − 6
⎝ 6 ⎠
⎛ 2I ⎞
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [θ B + 2θC − 0] + 6
⎝ 6 ⎠

θA= 0.
0
θA = 0.
θC = 0.
θC = 0.

A

I

B

4m
M AB = 0.5EI θ B − 2
M BA = EI θ B + 2

4
M BC = EI θ B − 6
3
2
M CB = EI θ B + 6
3

2I
6m

C

Joint Equilibrium Equations
Joint B
M BA + M BC = 0
4
EI θ B + 2 + EI θ B − 6 = 0.
3

θB =

1.7
1
7
EI

Substituting in slope deflection equations
M AB = 0.5EI
M BA = EI

1.7
1
7
− 2 = −1.15t .m
EI

1.7
+ 2 = 3.7t .m
EI

M BC = −3.7t .m

M CB

2 1.7
= EI
+ 6 = 7.1t .m
3
EI

4t
3.7

1.15

Computing The Reactions
1.15 + 4 × 2 − 3.7
= 1.36
1 36t
4
R B 1 = 4 − 1.36 = 2.64t
RA =

RA

RB1

2 × 6 × 3 + 3.7
3 7 − 77.1
1
= 5.43t
6
RC = 2 × 6 − 5.43 = 6.57t

2t/
2t/m

RB 2 =

RB2

5.43
1.36

+

+
-

-

2.64

6 57
6.57
7.1
3.7
1.15

-

-

+
1.57

7.1

3.7

+
3.79

RC

Example 2
• Example 1: 
Example 1: Determine the internal moments in the beam at the supports. 
Determine the internal moments in the beam at the supports
Fixed End Moment

60 × 4 × 22
FEM AB = −
= −26.67 kN .m
62
60 × 2 × 42
FEM BA =
= 53.33kN .m
62
30 × 62
FEM BC = −
= −135kN .m
8

60kN
30kN/m

4m
A

I
6m

Slope Deflection Equations
⎛I ⎞
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ A + θ B − 0] − 26.67
⎝6⎠
⎛I ⎞
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [θ A + 2θ B − 0] + 53.33
⎝6⎠
⎛I ⎞
M BC = 3E ⎜ ⎟ [θ B − 0] − 135
⎝6⎠

θA= 0.
0
θA= 0.

B

I
6m

1
M AB = EI θ B − 26.67
3
2
M BA = EI θ B + 53.33
3
1
M BC = EI θ B − 135
2

C

Joint Equilibrium Equations
Joint B
M BA + M BC = 0
2
1
EI θ B + 53.33 + EI θ B − 135 = 0
3
2
EI θ B = 70

Substituting in slope deflection equations
1
M AB = (70) − 26.67 = −3.33kN .m
3
2
M BA = (70) + 53.33 = 100kN .m
3
1
M BC = (70) − 135 = −100kN .m
2

7
EI θ B = 81.67
6

Example 3
• Example 2: 
E
l 2 Determine the internal moments in the beam at the supports
– Support A; downward movement of 0.3cm & clockwise rotation of 0.001 
rad. Support B; downward movement of 1.2cm. Support C downward 
movement of 0.6cm. EI = 5000 t.m2
Fixed End Moment
FEM AB = FEM BA = FEM BC = FEM CB = 0.

Displacements
θ A = +0.001

ψ AB
ψ BC

1.2
1
2 − 00.3
3
=
= 0.0015
600
0.6 − 1.2
=
= −0.001
600

Slope Deflection Equations
⎛ 2 × 5000 ⎞
M AB = ⎜
⎟ [ 2 × 0.001 + θ B − 3 × 0.0015]
6


⎛ 2 × 5000 ⎞
M BA = ⎜
⎟ [ 2θ B + 0.001 − 3 × 0.0015]
6

A

B

C

I

I

6m

6m

⎛ 3 × 5000 ⎞
M BC = ⎜
⎟ [θ B + 0.001]
6

Joint Equilibrium Equations
Joint B
M BA + M BC = 0
7θ B − 0.004 = 0

θ B = 0.00057 rad

Substituting in slope deflection equations
⎛ 2 × 5000 ⎞
M AB = ⎜
⎟ [ 2 × 0.001 + 0.00057 − 3 × 0.0015] = −3.22t .m
6


⎛ 2 × 5000 ⎞
M BA = ⎜
⎟ [ 2 × 0.00057 + 0.001 − 3 × 0.0015] = −3.93t .m
6


⎛ 3 × 5000 ⎞
M BC = ⎜
0 00057 + 0.001
0 001] = 33.93
93t .m
⎟ [ 0.00057
6

Example 1

FEM AB = FEM BA = 0.0

θ A = θC = 0.0
00

Slope
p Deflection Equations
q

E ilib i
Equilibrium
E
Equations
ti

Example 2

Example 3

Example 4

• Analysis of Frames Without Sway
– The side movement of the end of a column in a frame is called SWAY.

Example 5
– Determine the moment at each joint of the frame. EI is constant
D t
i th
t t
h j i t f th f
EI i
t t
Fixed End Moment

FEM AB = FEM BA = 0.

5 × 24 × 82
FEM BC = −
= −80kN .m
96
5 × 24 × 82
FEM CB =
= 80kN .m
96
FEM CD = FEM DC = 0.

Slope Deflection Equations
θA= 0.
0
⎛I ⎞
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 0. + θ B − 0.] + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠
M AB = 0.1667 EI θ B
θA= 0.
0
⎛I ⎞
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ B + 0 − 0.] + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠
M BA = 0.333EI θ B

⎛I ⎞
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ B + θC − 0] − 80
⎝8⎠
⎛I ⎞
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θC + θ B − 0] + 80
⎝8⎠
⎛I ⎞
M CD = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θC + 0 − 0.] + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠

⎛I ⎞
M DC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 0 + θC − 0.] + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠

M BC = 0.5EI θ B + 0.25EI θC − 80
M CB = 0.5EI θC + 0.25EI θ B + 80

θD= 0.
θD= 0.
0

M CD = 0.333EI θC
M DC = 0.1667 EI θC

Joint Equilibrium Equations
Joint B
M BA + M BC = 0
0 333EI θ B + 0.5
0.333
0 5EI θ B + 00.25
25EI θC − 80 = 0.
0

0 833EI θ B + 0.25
0.833
0 25EI θC = 80

Joint C
M CB + M CD = 0
0 333EI θC + 0.5
0.333
0 5EI θC + 00.25
25EI θ B + 80 = 0.
0

0 833EI θC + 0.25
0.833
0 25EI θ B = −80

Two equation & two unknown
θ B = −θC =

137.1
EI

Substituting in slope deflection equations
M AB = 22.9kN .m

−45.7

−45.7

M BA = 45.7 kN .m
M BC = −45.7 kN .m
M CB = 45.7 kN .m

82.3

M CD = −45.7
45 7 kN .m
M DC = −22.9kN .m

22.9

22.9

Example 6

Example 6b
– Draw the bending moment diagram
20kN

Fixed End Moment
20 × 2 × 1
= −4.44kN .m
2
3
20 × 1× 22
=
= 8.89kN .m
2
3
48 × 42
=−
= −64kN .m
12
= 64kN .m

FEM AB = −

FEM BA
FEM BC
FEM CB

2

30kN

48kN/m
k /

A
I

B
I 3m

1m

2I

C
2I

E

3m

4m

M CD = −30 × 2 = −60kN .m

M AB

⎛I ⎞
= 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ A + θ B − 0] − 4.44
⎝3⎠

4m

F

FEM BE = FEM EB = FEM CF = FEM FC = 0

Slope Deflection Equations

I

θA= 0.
0

2
M AB = EI θ B − 4.44
3

2m

D

M BA

⎛I ⎞
= 2E ⎜ ⎟ [θ A + 2θ B − 0] + 8.89
⎝3⎠

θA= 0.
0

2II ⎞
⎛2
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ B + θC − 0] − 64
⎝ 4 ⎠
⎛ 2I ⎞
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [θ B + 2θC − 0] + 64
⎝ 4 ⎠
⎛I ⎞
M BE = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ B + θ E − 0] + 0
⎝3⎠
⎛I ⎞
M EB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θ E + θ B − 0] + 0
⎝3⎠

M CF
M FC

⎛ 2I
= 2E ⎜
⎝ 4
⎛ 2I
= 2E ⎜
⎝ 4


⎟ [ 2θC + θ F − 0] + 0


⎟ [ 2θ F + θC − 0] + 0

4
M BA = EI θ B + 8.89
3
M BC = 2EI θ B + EI θC − 64
M CB = EI θ B + 2EI θC + 64

θE= 0.
θE= 0.

θF= 0.
θF= 0.
0

4
M BE = EI θ B
3
2
M EB = EI θ B
3
M CF = 2EI θC
M FC = EI θC

Equilibrium Equations
Joint B
M BA + M BC + M BE = 0

4
4
EI θ B + 8.89 + 2EI θ B + EI θC − 64 + EI θ B = 0
3
3

4.67 EI θ B + EI θC = 55.11

Joint C
M CB + M CF + M CD = 0
EI θ B + 2EI θC + 64 + 2EI θC − 60 = 0

EI θ B + 4EI θC = −4

Two equation & two unknown
EI θ B = 12.70

EI θC = −4.18

S b tit ti in
Substituting
i slope
l
deflection
d fl ti equations
ti
2
M AB = × 12.7 − 4.44 = 4.03kN .m
3
4
M BA = × 12.70 + 8.89 = 25.83kNm
3

M BC = 2 × 12.7 − 4.18 − 64 = −42.77 kN .m
M CB = 12.7 + 2 × (−4.18) + 64 = 68.34kN .m

4
M BE = × 12.70
12 70 = 16.94
16 94kN .m
3
2
M EB = × 12.70 = 8.47 kN .m
3

M CF = 2EI (−4.18)
4 18) = −88.35
35kN .m
M FC = −4.18kN .m

68.35
68
3
60
42.77
25.83

8.35

16.94
4.03

7.1
8.47
4.18

Slope Deflection (Frame with Sway)
Slope Deflection (Frame with Sway) 
• Analysis of Frames with Sway

Example 7 
– Draw the bending moment 
D
th b di
t
diagram. EI constant
Fixed End Moment
As there is no span loading in any
of the member FEM for all the
members is zero
Slope Deflection Equations
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0.
0 + θB − 3⎜ ⎟⎥ + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎦
1
1
= EI θ B − EI ∆
6
24

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + 0. − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎦
1
1
= EI θ B − EI ∆
3
24

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0. ⎞ ⎤
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + θC − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 15 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 15 ⎠ ⎦
⎛I ⎞
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θC + θ B − 0] + 0
⎝ 15 ⎠
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M CD = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θC + 0 − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0.
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M DC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0 + θC − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎦

4
2
EI θ B + EI θC
15
15
2
4
= EI θ B + EI θC
15
15

=

2
1
= EI θC − EI ∆
9
54
1
1
= EI θC − EI ∆
9
54

Equilibrium Equations
Joint B ΣMB = 0

M BA + M BC = 0
1
1
4
2
EI θ B − EI ∆ + EI θ B + EI θC = 0.
3
24
15
15
− EI ∆ + 14.4EI θ B + 3.2EI θC = 0

Joint C ΣMC = 0
M CB + M CD = 0

1

2
4
2
1
EI θ B + EI θC + EI θC − EI ∆ = 0.
15
15
9
54
− EI ∆ + 7.2EI θ B + 26.4EI θC = 0

2

Three unknown & just two equations so we need
another equilibrium equation. Let take ΣFx = 0.
40 − H A − H D = 0.

M BA + M AB
12
M + M DC
H D = − CD
18
HA = −

40 × 18 + 1.5 ( M BA + M AB ) + ( M CD + M DC ) = 0.
1
1
1
⎛1

720 + 1.5 ⎜ EI θ B − EI ∆ + EI θ B − EI ∆ ⎟
24
6
24
⎝3

1
1
1
⎛2

+ ⎜ EI θC − EI ∆ + EI θC − EI ∆ ⎟ = 0.
54
9
54
⎝9

−0.162EI ∆ + 0.75EI θ B + 0.333EI θC = −720

3

Now solve the three equation
14.4 3.2 ⎤ ⎧ EI ∆ ⎫ ⎧ 0 ⎫
⎡ −1

⎪ ⎪

⎢ −1
7.2 26.4 ⎥ ⎨EI θ B ⎬ = ⎨ 0 ⎬


⎢⎣ −0.162
0 162 0.75
0 75 0.333
0 333⎥⎦ ⎪⎩ EI θC ⎪⎭ ⎩⎪−720 ⎭⎪

Substituting in slope deflection equations
M AB = −208kN .m
M BA = −135kN .m

M BC = 135kN .m
M CB = 95kN .m

M CD = −95kN .m
M DC = −110kN .m

EI θC = 136.2
EI θ B = 438.9

EI ∆ = 6756.6

-

135

+ +

-

135

208

95

110

+

95

Example 7 
– Draw the bending moment 
h b d
diagram. EI constant
Fixed End Moment
FEM AB = FEM BA = 0.
FEM BC
FEM BC
FEM CD

20 × 152
=−
= −375kN .m
12
20 × 152
=
= 375kN .m
12
= FEM DC = 0.

Slope Deflection Equations
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0. + θ B − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎦
1
1
= EI θ B − EI ∆
6
24

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + 0. − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎦

1
1
= EI θ B − EI ∆
3
24

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0. ⎞ ⎤
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + θC − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ − 375
⎝ 15 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 15 ⎠ ⎦
⎛I ⎞
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ [ 2θC + θ B − 0] + 375
⎝ 15 ⎠

4
2
EI θ B + EI θC − 375
15
15
2
4
= EI θ B + EI θC + 375
15
15

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M CD = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θC + 0 − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0.
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M DC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0 + θC − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎣
⎝ 18 ⎠ ⎦

2
1
= EI θC − EI ∆
9
54

=

1
1
= EI θC − EI ∆
9
54

Equilibrium Equations
Joint B ΣMB = 0

M BA + M BC = 0
1
1
4
2
EI θ B − EI ∆ + EI θ B + EI θC − 375 = 0.
0
3
24
15
15
− EI ∆ + 14.4EI θ B + 3.2EI θC = 9000

1

Joint C ΣMC = 0

M CB + M CD = 0
2
4
2
1
EI θ B + EI θC + 375 + EI θC − EI ∆ = 0.
15
15
9
54
− EI ∆ + 7.2EI θ B + 26.4EI θC = −20250

2

Three unknown & just two equations so we need
another equilibrium equation. Let take ΣFx = 0.

40 − H A − H D = 0.
M + M AB
H A = − BA
12
M + M DC
H D = − CD
18
40 × 18 + 1.5 ( M BA + M AB ) + ( M CD + M DC ) = 0.

1
1
1
⎛1

720 + 1.5 ⎜ EI θ B − EI ∆ + EI θ B − EI ∆ ⎟
24
6
24
⎝3

1
1
1
⎛2

+ ⎜ EI θC − EI ∆ + EI θC − EI ∆ ⎟ = 0.
54
9
54
⎝9

−0.162EI ∆ + 0.75EI θ B + 0.333EI θC = −720

3

Now solve the three equation
14.4 3.2 ⎤ ⎧ EI ∆ ⎫ ⎧ 9000 ⎫
⎡ −1

⎪ ⎪
⎪ R1-R2
⎢ −1

7.2 26.4 ⎨EI θ B ⎬ = ⎨−20250 ⎬


0.162R1-R3
⎢⎣ −0.162
0 162 0.75
0 75 0.333
0 333⎥⎦ ⎪⎩ EI θC ⎪⎭ ⎩⎪ −720 ⎭⎪
⎡ −1 14.4 3.2 ⎤ ⎧ EI ∆ ⎫ ⎧ 9000 ⎫
⎢ 0 7.2 −23.2 ⎥ ⎪EI θ ⎪ = ⎪29250 ⎪ 0.22R2-R3


B ⎬

⎥⎨
⎢⎣ 0 1.58 0.185 ⎥⎦ ⎩⎪ EI θC ⎭⎪ ⎩⎪ 2178 ⎭⎪
⎡ −1 14.4 3.2 ⎤ ⎧ EI ∆ ⎫ ⎧ 9000 ⎫
⎢ 0. 7.2 −23.2 ⎥ ⎪EI θ ⎪ = ⎪29250 ⎪


B ⎬

⎥⎨
⎢⎣ 0. 0. −5.29 ⎥⎦ ⎪⎩ EI θC ⎭⎪ ⎩⎪ 4257 ⎪⎭

S b i i in
Substituting
i slope
l
deflection
d fl i equations
i
1
1
M AB = 1467.2 − 9587.2 = −155kN .m
6
24
1
1
M BA = 1469.6 − 9587.2 = 90kN .m
3
24

4257
= −804.7
804 7
−5.29
EI θ B = 1469.6
EI θC =

EI ∆ = 9587.2

4
2
1469.6 + (−804.7) − 375 = −90kN .m
15
15
2
4
= 1469.6 + ( −804.7) + 375 = 356kN .m
15
15

M BC =
M CB

2
1
M CD = (−804.7) − 9587.2 = −356kN .m
9
54
1
1
M DC = (−804.7) − 9587.2 = −267 kN .m
9
54
90

356

-

-

90

356

155
267

Example 8

Example 9 
– Draw the bending moment diagram. EI constant
Fixed End Moment
As there is no span loading in any of the
member FEM for all the members is zero
Slope Deflection Equations
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0. + θ B − 3 ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦
2
6
= EI θ B − EI ∆1
5
25
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + 0 − 3 ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦
4
6
= EI θ B − EI ∆1
5
25

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0 ⎞⎤
M BE = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + θ E − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 7 ⎠⎣
⎝ 7 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0 ⎞⎤
M EB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ E + θ B − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 7 ⎠⎣
⎝ 7 ⎠⎦
M FE
M EF

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
= 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0. + θ E − 3 ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
= 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ E + 0 − 3 ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦

4
2
= EI θ B + EI θ E
7
7
2
4
= EI θ B + EI θ E
7
7
2
6
= EI θ E − EI ∆1
5
25
4
6
= EI θ E − EI ∆1
5
25

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + θC − 3 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θC + θ B − 3 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦

4
2
6
= EI θ B + EI θC − EI ∆ 2
5
5
25
2
4
6
= EI θ B + EI θC − EI ∆ 2
5
5
25

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0 ⎞⎤
M CD = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θC + θ D − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 7 ⎠⎣
⎝ 7 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0 ⎞⎤
M DC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ D + θC − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 7 ⎠⎣
⎝ 7 ⎠⎦

4
2
= EI θC + EI θ D
7
7
2
4
= EI θC + EI θ D
7
7

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M DE = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ D + θ E − 3 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M ED = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ E + θ D − 3 ⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 5 ⎠⎣
⎝ 5 ⎠⎦

4
2
6
= EI θ D + EI θ E − EI ∆ 2
5
5
25
2
4
6
= EI θ D + EI θ E − EI ∆ 2
5
5
25

Equilibrium Equations
Joint B ΣMB = 0
M BA + M BC + M BE = 0
4
6
4
2
6
4
2
EI θ B − EI ∆1 + EI θ B + EI θC − EI ∆ 2 + EI θ B + EI θ E = 0
5
25
5
5
25
7
7
380EI θ B + 70EI θC + 50EI θ E − 42EI ∆1 − 42EI ∆ 2 = 0

1

Joint E ΣME = 0
M EB + M ED + M EF = 0
2
4
2
4
6
4
6
EI θ B + EI θ E + EI θ D + EI θ E − EI ∆ 2 + EI θ E − EI ∆1 = 0
7
7
5
5
25
5
25
50EI θ B + 70EI θ D + 380EI θ E − 42EI ∆1 − 42EI ∆ 2 = 0
2

Joint C ΣMC= 0

M CB + M CD = 0
2
4
6
4
2
EI θ B + EI θC − EI ∆ 2 + EI θC + EI θ D = 0
5
5
25
7
7
70EI θ B + 240EI θC + 50EI θ D − 42EI ∆ 2 = 0

3

Joint D ΣMD = 0

M DC + M DE = 0
2
4
4
2
6
EI θC + EI θ D + EI θ D + EI θ E − EI ∆ 2 = 0
7
7
5
5
25
50EI θC + 240EI θ D + 70EI θ E − 42EI ∆ 2 = 0

4

Top story ΣFX = 0
40 − H B − H E = 0
M + M BC
H B = − CB
5
M + M ED
H E = − DE
5

HB

HE

2
4
6
4
2
6
200 + EI θ B + EI θC − EI ∆ 2 + EI θ B + EI θC − EI ∆ 2
5
5
25
5
5
25
4
2
6
2
4
6
+ EI θ D + EI θ E − EI ∆ 2 + EI θ D + EI θ E − EI ∆ 2 = 0
5
5
25
5
5
25
6EI θ B + 6EI θC + 6EI θ D + 6EI θ E − 4.8EI ∆ 2 = −1000

5

B tt
Bottom
story
t
ΣFX = 0
40 + 80 − H A − H F = 0
M + M AB
H A = − BA
5
M + M FE
H F = − EF
5
4
6
2
6
600 + EI θ B − EI ∆1 + EI θ B − EI ∆1
5
25
5
25
4
6
2
6
+ EI θ E − EI ∆1 + EI θ E − EI ∆1 = 0
5
25
5
25
30EI θ B + 30EI θ E − 24EI ∆1 = −15000

6

HA

HF

6 unknown
k
and
d 6 equation
ti
0
50 −42 −42 ⎤ ⎧ EI θ B ⎫ ⎧ 0 ⎫
⎡380 70
⎢ 50
0
70 380 −42 −42 ⎥ ⎪ EI θC ⎪ ⎪ 0 ⎪
⎪ ⎪

⎥⎪

⎢ 70 240 50
0
0
−42 ⎥ ⎪EI θ D ⎪ ⎪ 0 ⎪
⎬=⎨


⎥⎨
EI
θ
0
50
240
70
0
42
0

E
⎪ ⎪


⎥⎪
⎢ 6
6
6
6
0 −4.8
4 8⎥ ⎪ EI ∆1 ⎪ ⎪ −1000 ⎪
⎪ ⎪


⎥⎪
EI



30
0
0
30
24
0
15000

⎦⎩


2⎭

EI θ B = 171.79
EI θC = 79.80
EI θ D = 79.80
EI θ E = 171.79
EI ∆1 = 1054.46
1054 46

EI ∆ 2 = 837.29

Substituting in slope deflection equations
M AB = −184.4kN .m

M BE = 147.2kN .m

M FE = −184.4kN .m

M BA = −115.6kN .m

M EB = 147.2kN .m

M EF = −115.6kN .m

M BC = −31.6kN .m

M CD = 68.4kN .m

M DE = −68.4kN .m

M CB = −68.4
68 4kN .m

M DC = 68.4
68 4kN .m

M ED = −31.6
31 6kN .m

-

68.4

+
+

68.4

68.4
- 68.4

147.2

-

115.6

+

-

31.6 -

+
+

31.6

147 2
147.2

184.4

+

184.4

115.6

Example 10
– Draw the bending moment diagram. EI constant

Degree of freedom
DOF = 3x4-6-3 = 3
That means we got three unknown &
we need three equations
Before we start let us discus the relative
displacement (∆) of each span

∆CD

The relative displacement (∆) for span AB
is equal ∆AB – 0. = ∆AB (clockwise)

B

C

The relative displacement (∆) for span BC is
equal 0. – ∆BC = –∆BC (counterclockwise)
The relative displacement (∆) for span CD
is equal 0. – (–∆CD)= ∆CD (clockwise)

∆BC
A

60o

∆AB

Let us build a relationship between ∆AB, ∆BC & ∆CD
take ∆AB = ∆
∆BC = ∆AB × sin30 = 0.5∆
∆CD = ∆AB × cos30 = 0.866∆
So in the slope deflection equations we will use;
∆ as the relative displacement of span AB.
–0.5∆ as the relative displacement of span BC.
0.866∆ as the relative displacement of span CD.

D
B
60o

60o ∆

CD

θ =30o
∆AB

∆BC

Fixed End Moment
FEM AB = FEM BA = 0.
2 × 42
FEM BC = −
= −2.667
2 667t .m
12
FEM CB = 2.667.m
FEM CD = FEM DC = 0.

Slope Deflection Equations
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M AB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0. + θ B − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 3 ⎠⎣
⎝ 3 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M BA = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + 0 − 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎥ + 0
⎝ 3 ⎠⎣
⎝ 3 ⎠⎦

2
2
= EI θ B − EI ∆
3
3
4
2
= EI θ B − EI ∆
3
3

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ −0.5∆ ⎞ ⎤
M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + θC − 3 ⎜
⎟ ⎥ − 2.667
⎝ 4 ⎠⎣
⎝ 4 ⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ −0.5∆ ⎞ ⎤
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢θ B + 2θC − 3 ⎜
667
⎟ ⎥ + 22.667
⎝ 4 ⎠⎣
⎝ 4 ⎠⎦

1
3
= EI θ B + EI θC + EI ∆ − 2.667
2
16
1
3
= EI θ B + EI θC + EI ∆ + 2.667
2 667
2
16

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0.866∆ ⎞ ⎤
M CD = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θC + 0 − 3 ⎜
⎟⎥ + 0
6
6
⎝ ⎠⎣

⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ 0.866∆ ⎞ ⎤
M DC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢0 + θC − 3 ⎜
⎟⎥ + 0
6
6
⎝ ⎠⎣

⎠⎦

2
0.866
= EI θC −
EI ∆
3
6
1
0.866
= EI θC −
EI ∆
3
6

Equilibrium Equations
Joint B ΣMB = 0
M BA + M BC = 0
4
2
1
3
EI θ B − EI ∆ + EI θ B + EI θC + EI ∆ − 2.667 = 0
3
3
2
16
112EI θ B + 24EI θC − 23EI ∆ = 128
1

Joint C ΣMC = 0
M CB + M CD = 0
1
3
2
0.866
EI θ B + EI θC + EI ∆ + 2.667 + EI θC −
EI ∆ = 0
2
16
3
6
24EI θ B + 80EI θC + 2.072EI ∆ = −128
2

Third Equilibrium
Eq ilibri m Equations
Eq ations (Method 1)

⎛ M + M BA ⎞
⎛ M DC + M CD ⎞
11

M AB + M DC − ⎜ AB
(
)


⎟ (12.92 )
3
6




−8 ( 2 ) = 0.0

−21M AB − 22M BA − 12.92M CCD − 11.92M DCC − 96 = 0
34.5EI θ B − 3.1EI θC − 38.375EI ∆ = −144

8.0

30
3.0

6.92m

20
2.0

20
2.0

3

6.0m
3.0

6.0

Third Equilibrium Equations (Method 2)
Third equation ΣFX = 0
−H A − H D = 0

M BA
2.6m

M CD + M DC
6

Free body diagram for column AB

HA A

H A × 2.6 + ( M BA + M AB ) +V A × 1.5 = 0

1.5m

M AB

VA

Free body diagram for Beam BC

M DC

( M BC + M CB ) + 4

M BC

4


− ( M BA + M AB ) 1.5 ⎡ ( M BC + M CB )
4
∴H A =


+


2.6
2.6 ⎣
4

( M BA + M AB ) + 1.5 ⎡ − ( M BC + M CB ) + 4⎤ + M CD + M DC
2.6


2.6 ⎣

4

HD

D

V B × 4 + ( M BC + M CB ) − 2 × 4 × 2 = 0
V A =V B = −

C

B

From the free body diagram for column CD
HD = −

M CD


6

2t/m

C

B
M CB

VB
= 0.

24 ( M BA + M AB ) − 9 ( M BC + M CB ) + 10.4
10 4 ( M CD + M DC ) = −144
2
2
2
1
⎛4
⎞ ⎛
24 ⎜ EI θ B − EI ∆ + EI θ B − EI ∆ ⎟ − 9 ⎜ EI θ B + EI θC
3
3
3
2
⎝3
⎠ ⎝
3
1
3

+ EI ∆ − 2.667 + EI θ B + EI θC + EI ∆ + 2.667 ⎟
16
2
16

0.866
1
0.866
⎛2

EI ∆ + EI θC −
EI ∆ ⎟ = −144
+10.4 ⎜ EI θC −
6
3
6
⎝3

34.5EI θ B − 3.1EI θC − 38.375EI ∆ = −144

3

Solving the three equation
−23 ⎤ ⎧EI θ B ⎫ ⎧ 128 ⎫
⎡ 112 24

⎪ ⎪

⎢ 24
80
2 072 ⎥ ⎨ EI θC ⎬ = ⎨ −128⎬
2.072


⎢⎣34.5 −3.1 −38.375⎥⎦ ⎩⎪ EI ∆ ⎭⎪ ⎩⎪−144 ⎭⎪

EI θ B = 3.11
EI θC = −2.71
2 71

EI ∆ = 6.77

Solving the three equation

−23 ⎤ ⎧EI θ B ⎫ ⎧ 128 ⎫
⎡ 112 24

⎪ ⎪

⎢ 24
80
2 072 ⎥ ⎨ EI θC ⎬ = ⎨ −128⎬
2.072


⎢⎣34.5 −3.1 −38.375⎥⎦ ⎩⎪ EI ∆ ⎭⎪ ⎩⎪−144 ⎭⎪
EI θ B = 3.11
3 11
EI θC = −2.71

EI ∆ = 6.77
6 77

Substituting in slope deflection equations
M AB = −2.44t .m

2.78

M BA = −0.36
0 36t .m

_

M BC = 0.36t .m

B

M CB = 2.78t .m

00.36
36
0.36

M DC = −1.88t .m

2.44

_

M CD = −2.78
2 78t .m

C

+

≈2.8

A

1.88

+

D

2.78

Example
– Draw the bending moment diagram. EI constant

Before we start let us discus the relative
displacement (∆) of each span

The relative displacement (∆) for span AB
is equal ∆AB – 0. = ∆AB (clockwise)

∆BC = δ1+ δ2 ∆
CD

The relative displacement (∆) for span BC is equal
(– δ2) – δ1 = – (δ1+ δ2) = – ∆BC (counterclockwise)
The relative displacement (∆) for span CD
is equal 0. – (–∆CD)= ∆CD (clockwise)

So in the slope deflection equations we will use;
∆ as the relative displacement of span AB.
–1.163∆ as the relative displacement of span BC.
∆ as the relative displacement of span CD.

δ2

δ1

A

Let us build a relationship between ∆AB, ∆BC & ∆CD
take ∆AB = ∆
∆BC = 2(∆AB × cosθ) = 2∆ × 5/8.6 = 1.163∆
∆CD = ∆AB = ∆

C

B

D

∆AB
∆CD
θ

B
θ

∆AB

θ δ2
θ δ1

∆BC

δ1 = δ2 & ∆CD = ∆AB because of
the symmetry in the geometry

Fixed End Moment
FEM AB = FEM BA = 0.
4 × 72
FEM BC = −
= −16.33
16 33kN .m
12
FEM CB = 16.33kN .m
FEM CD = FEM DC = 0.

Slope Deflection Equations
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
+

M AB = 2E ⎜
0.
θ
3
B
⎟⎢

⎟⎥ + 0
8
8.6
6
8.6
8
6

⎠⎣

⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
+

M BA = 2E ⎜
2
θ
0
3
⎟⎢ B

⎟⎥ + 0
8.6
8.6

⎠⎣

⎠⎦

2
6
EI θ B −
EI ∆
86
8.6
73.96
73 96
4
6
=
EI θ B −
EI ∆
8.6
73.96

=

4
2
6.978
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ −1.163∆ ⎞ ⎤
=
EI
θ
+
EI
θ
+
EI ∆ − 16.33

M BC = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θ B + θC − 3 ⎜
16.33
B
C
⎟⎥
7
7
49
7
⎝ 7 ⎠⎣

⎠⎦
2
4
6.978
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ −1.163∆ ⎞ ⎤
M CB = 2E ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ 2θC + θ B − 3 ⎜
+
16
16.33
33
=
EI
θ
+
EI
θ
+
EI ∆ + 16.33
16 33
⎟⎥
B
C
7
7
7
49
⎝ 7 ⎠⎣

⎠⎦

⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
M CD = 2E ⎜
2
θ
+
0

3
⎟⎢ C

⎟⎥ + 0
8.6
8.6

⎠⎣

⎠⎦
⎛ I ⎞⎡
⎛ ∆ ⎞⎤
+

M DC = 2E ⎜
0
θ
3
C
⎟⎢

⎟⎥ + 0
8
8.6
6
8.6
8
6

⎠⎣

⎠⎦

4
6
EI θC −
EI ∆
8.6
73.96
2
6
=
EI θC −
EI ∆
86
8.6
73.96
73 96
=

Equilibrium Equations
Joint B ΣMB = 0
M BA + M BC = 0
4
6
4
2
6.978
EI θ B −
EI ∆ + EI θ B + EI θC +
EI ∆ − 16.33 = 0
8.6
73.96
7
7
49
103.65EI θ B + 28.57 EI θC + 6.13EI ∆ = 1633
1

Joint C ΣMC = 0
M CB + M CD = 0
2
4
6.978
4
6
EI θ B + EI θC +
EI ∆ + 16.33 +
EI θC −
EI ∆ = 0
7
7
49
8.6
73.96
28.57 EI θ B + 103.65EI θC + 6.13EI ∆ = −1633
2

Third equation ΣFX = 0

M BA

6−HA −HD =0

B

Free body diagram for column AB
Free body diagram for Beam BC
V B × 7 + ( M BC + M CB ) − 4 × 7 × 3.5
3 5=0
V A =V B

( M BC + M CB ) + 14
=−

7m

H A × 7 + ( M BA + M AB ) +V A × 5 = 0

HA A
M AB

7

M BC

VA


M BA + M AB ) 5 ⎡ ( M BC + M CB )
(
∴H A = −
− ⎢−
+ 14 ⎥
7
7⎣
7

4kN/m

VB

VC

H D × 7 + ( M CD + M DC ) −V D × 5 = 0

C

V C × 7 − ( M BC + M CB ) − 4 × 7 × 3.5 = 0
V D =V C

M BC + M CB )
(
=
+ 14
7

C

B

7m

From the free body diagram for column CD

5m

M CB

M CD

M DC

D

5
5m

VD

HD

∴H D = −

( M CD + M DC ) + 5 ⎡ ( M BC + M CB ) + 14⎤

Q6 − H A − H D = 0

7


7⎣

7


6 × 49 + 7 ( M BA + M AB ) − 5 ( M BC + M CB ) + 7 ( M CD + M DC ) − 5 ( M BC + M CB ) = 0

7 ( M BA + M AB ) + 7 ( M CD + M DC ) − 10 ( M BC + M CB ) = −294
6
4
6
6
⎛ 2
⎞ ⎛ 2
7⎜
EI θ B −
EI ∆ +
EI θ B −
EI ∆ ⎟ + 7 ⎜
EI θC −
EI ∆
8.6
73.96
8.6
73.96
8.6
73.96

⎠ ⎝
4
6
2
6.978

⎛4
EI θC −
EI ∆ ⎟ − 10 ⎜ EI θ B + EI θC +
EI ∆ − 16.33
+
8.6
73.96
7
49

⎝7
2
4
6 978
6.978

+ EI θ B + EI θC +
EI ∆ + 16.33 ⎟ = −294
7
7
49

−3.688EI θ B − 3.688EI θC − 5.12EI ∆ = −294

3

Solving the three equation
⎡103.65 28.57 6.13 ⎤ ⎧EI θ B ⎫ ⎧ 1633 ⎫

⎪ ⎪

⎢ 28.57
28 57 103.65
103 65 6.13
6 13 ⎥ ⎨ EI θC ⎬ = ⎨−1633⎬


⎢⎣ −3.688 −3.688 −5.12 ⎥⎦ ⎩⎪ EI ∆ ⎭⎪ ⎩⎪ −294 ⎭⎪

EI θ B = 18.897

EI θC = −24.603
24 603
EI ∆ = 61.532

Substituting in slope deflection equations
M AB = −0.6kN .m

M BA = 3.8
3 8kN .m
16.43
M BC = −3.8kN .m

38
3.8

M CB = 16.43kN .m

B

16.43

_

3.8

+

C

≈14.4

M CD = −16.43
16 43kN .m

M DC = −10.71kN .m
0.6

A

10.71

D

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