Date: __________________________ Name: __________________________ REVIEW 1 – REMOVAL EXAM Time: _____________________ SET - A

INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark only one answer for each answer by shading the letter of your choice on the sheet provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED. 1. Criminology is the study of: a. The criminal justice process
b. The nature and extent of criminal behavior * c. The behavior of the agencies of justice and their influence on crime

d. The analysis of justice system policies and the formulation of law e. All of the foregoing 2. Criminologists often derive explanations of criminal behavior from observable facts or what else? a. Victims b. Analysis c. Statistics d. Theory * e. All of the foregoing 3. Criminologists try to identify the root causes of crime and victimization by developing scientifically testable statements, which are also known as what? a. Facts b. Hypotheses * c. Relationships d. Experiments e. All of the foregoing 4. Prior to closing a 200 Million drug deal, Donn considers the possibility of getting caught and his need to pay one of his “creditors” who has financed him in several previous drug deals. Donn also has a vacation in the Bahamas planned and could use a little extra cash. Donn decides to proceed with the deal. What theory best describes this scenario? a. Choice theory * b. Deterrence theory
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c. Robert Merton d. Offenders have high arousal levels to environmental stimuli which determines the structure of their offending behavior 2 . Cesare Beccaria 8. None of the foregoing 6. If criminals are “made not born” then it follows that crime can be eradicated by what? a. The elimination of responsible social elements * 9. The origins of sociological criminology are often attributed to what pioneer? a. Ballistic 7. Crime results from faulty socialization d. Incarcerating known habitual criminals c. The use of advance gene theory b. Emile Durheim * c. Crime results when the demands of a particular culture oppose traditional norms b. Clifford Shaw e. Cesare Lombroso used what term to describe offenders as “throwbacks” to primal stages of human evolution? a. Which of the following is one of the main principles of classical criminology? a. Atavistic * b. Criminal behavior is attractive because it requires less effort for greater gain * e. Criminaloid d. Which of the following is true according to social structure theory? a. Strain theory d. Perceptual deterrence theory e. Criminal behavior is learned when an individual encounters excessive definition favoring law violations c. All of the foregoing 5. Sigmund Freud b. A significant number of offenders live in middle class suburban areas b. Autistic c. Harsher penalties for all who commit felonies d.

An act or omission punishable by any existing special law that is penal in nature. Id b. Social norms d. Which of the following are two factors which are likely to contribute to the process of weakening the social bond? a. None of the foregoing 16. any social condition that is true or applicable to all aspects of human life. 3 . School failure and disrupted home life * b. Intelligence tests 15. Sigmund Freud said some people become criminals because they have an inadequately develop: a. Conflict theory * c. Labeling * c.c. No Food and shelter 11. Bleached skulls and ball bearings c. and class bias? a. Tracing family parentage b. Social phenomenon * b. Delinquency e. Humiliation d. discrimination. Superego * d. Social programs resulting from the war on poverty have no effect on the crime rate d. Three-way photographs of the human body * d. Normlessness and economic hardship d. and prestige is a root cause of crime * 10. What technique did Sheldon use to construct his somatotype theory? a. Degradation 12. Any fact or occurrence that is observed/perceived by the people in the community. Constraint theory d. Body c. power. The unequal distribution of wealth. Poverty and inadequate role models e. Stigmatization b. What theory describes the process by which a person becomes fixed with a negative identity or status such as “delinquent” or “criminal”? a. Cultural deviance theory b. Socialist theory 13. a. Lack of social control and opportunity c. Normlessness c. What criminological theory which focuses on the unequal distribution of power. Ego 14.

Prohibited act 17. Felony b. Crime/Criminal behavior b. None of the foregoing 18. Resistance 19. a. Suspect * d. New school e. Offense * c. Insane criminal 4 a. Which one is not included in criminal formula? a. Person who inherited criminal behavior or tendencies from their parent. Total situation e. Aristotle b. Thucydides * c. Mala in se b. the emphasis should be on scientific treatment of the criminal and not on the penalties to be imposed after conviction? a. Classical school c. Crime d. Criminal tendency c. d. The classical school c. e. Mala prohibita c. A Greek historian put into writing the usefulness of the death penalty sometime on the 5th century BC. Utilitarian hedonism * b. Ramses the III e. Old school 21. c. Misdemeanor d. Neo-classical d. a. Born criminal * b. a. b. Positivist d. Alexander the Great 20. All of the foregoing 22.a. King Hammurabi d. What is the school of thought pioneered by three Italians who agreed that in the study of crime. Determinism e. The positive school * b. a. . If Classical theories promoted the doctrine of freewill. Acts considered as criminal because an existing law seeks to regulate or prohibit such particular actions. what doctrine was that upheld by the Positive school? Doctrine of classicalinism Doctrine of positivism Doctrine of determinism * Doctrine of hedonism None of the foregoing 23. What is the classical theory or philosophy which explains that a person usually act in such a way that hr seeks pleasure and avoid pain? The classical philosophy was primarily introduced by Jeremy Bentham. Felonies e.

People who are easily influenced by great emotions like sudden anger. Criminaloid e. a.c. Criminal by passion * e. Criminaloid e. Insane criminal * c. a. Smooth criminal d. Mongoloid d. Born criminal b. Mongoloid c. Mongoloid 24. Criminal by accident d. Jealous criminal 25. Smooth criminal 5 . Criminaliod b. Those who commit crimes due to abnormalities or physical disorders thus they should be exempted from criminal liability.