Ectodermal, Mesodermal, and Endodermal Tissues Ectodermal Tissue

The Ear Lobe and the Helix Tail are innervated by Cervical Plexus Nerves. The innervation of the

Tragus, itself, is not firmly established. Nogier assumes that other neural branches extend into the tragus & lobe. The reticular system is presented on the inner surface of the tragus. Its external surface corresponds to structures communicating between the two hemispheres: inter-hemispherical fibers, white commissures, & corpus Callosum

Skin, Nerve, and Endocrine Disorders 1. epidermis of skin and its derivatives (including sweat glands, hair folicles, melanocytes) 2. epithelial lining of mouth, nose and anus 3. nervous system 4. sensory receptors in epidermis 5. adrenal medulla (- the catecholamines epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline)) 6. tooth enamel 7. epithelium of hypothalamus, pineal and pituitary glands 8. Pancreatic endocrine (insulin & glucagon) cells (Islets of Langerhans cells) The types of neuro-ectoderm include: Neural crest: pigment cells in the skin ganglia of the autonomic nervous system dorsal root ganglia (relaying sensory information into the CNS). facial cartilage spiral septum of developing heart ciliary body of the eye adrenal medulla

Neural tube:

brain (rhombencephalon, mesencephalon and prosencephalon) spinal cord and motor neurons retina posterior pituitary

Ectodermal, Mesodermal, and Endodermal Tissues

Mesodermal Tissue:
On the Helix root, knee and body (to Darwin point); and on the Antihelix, Scaphoid Fossa, Triangular Fossa Innervated by the Somatic 3rd branch of the Trigeminal Nerve (dominated by sympathetic neural activity).

Musculoskeletal disorders, muscle pain, somesthetic innervation, sympathetic tone [The mesothelium is composed of an extensive monolayer of specialized cells (mesothelial cells) that line the body's serous cavities and internal organs. The main purpose of these cells is to produce a lubricating fluid that is released between layers,[2] providing a slippery, non-adhesive, and protective surface to facilitate intracoelomic movement. The mesothelium is also implicated in the transport and movement of fluid and particulate matter across the serosal cavities, leukocyte migration in response to inflammatory mediators, synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, and extracellular matrix proteins to aid in serosal repair, and the release of factors to promote the disposition and clearance of fibrin (such as plasminogen). Mesothelial cells are capable of phagocytosis and are antigen presenting cells. Furthermore, the secretion of glycosaminoglycans and lubricants may protect the body against infection and tumor dissemination.]

1. Musculoskeletal tissue (Muscles and bones - muscle pain, somesthetic innervation); 2. Outer (smooth) muscular layer of digestive and respiratory tracts; 3. Sympathetic tone; 4. Dermis of skin, 5. Circulatory system 6. Kidneys, 7. Adrenal Cortex ( steroid hormones including mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, 17-ketosteroids, and progestins) 8. Reproductive system - gonads (except germ cell), originating from the same mesodermal ridge as the adrenal cortex. – including red and white blood cells

Ectodermal, Mesodermal, and Endodermal Tissues

Endodermal Tissue:

On the Concha - Innervated by the Autonomic Vagus Nerve

For Visceral disorders, deep pain, Vagal Innervation and Parasympathetic Tone. 1. Epithelial lining of digestive tract except part of the mouth and pharynx and the terminal part of the rectum (which are lined by involutions of the ectoderm). 2. Epithelial lining of respiratory system (trachea, bronchi, and alveoli). 3. All the glands which open into the digestive tube, including those of the liver and pancreas (e.g., stomach and intestinal gastrin, secretin, cholecystokinin (CCK), enterocrinin, and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP). 4. Some of the pancreatic endocrine (glucagon and insulin secreting) cells may be endodermal in origin 5. Auditory tube. 6. Follicle lining of the parathyroid, thyroid, and thymus glands. 7. Urinary bladder and part of the urethra. For Nogier, there isn’t a heart or a kidney point in the concha because they do not originate from endodermal tissue.

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