Technical Textile Introduction

Basic information about Technical Textile and its market by Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Mangat www.mushtaqmangat.org Nov 19, 2012

Technical Textiles
Future of Textile Every product will be a technical textile

Lecture 1 Introduction to Technical Textiles
  Objective   Understanding of Technical Textile
  Types of Technical Textile   Fibers used in Technical Textile   Fabric formation of Technical Textile   Processes of Technical Textile   Market size and growth

Technical Textiles Definition

Textile materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics[1].

  Technical Textile also known as:   Functional textile   Industrial textile   Performance textile   Smart textile

Areas of Technical Textile

agrotech: agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry buildtech: building and construction clothtech: technical components of footwear and clothing geotech: geotextiles and civil engineering hometech: technical components of furniture, household textiles and

  floorcoverings

Conti…

indutech: filtration, conveying, cleaning and other industrial uses medtech: hygiene and medical mobiltech: automobiles, shipping, railways and aerospace oekotech: environmental protection packtech: packaging protech: personal and property protection sporttech: sport and leisure [2] (Many areas are still missing)

[2]

Technical Textile Images

Technical Textile Fibers

2

Technical Textile Market
  Not exact figure   WTO does not report separately   Many gray areas between Technical Textile and general

textile

  More business within country   Less export due to more freight charges   People prefer to produce locally

Market Size
           

More than 10% annual growth, while general textile is around 7% [4] Fastest growth among textiles Developed countries have more than 60% share Infrastructure development, more safe, better life, increase in application of disposable items Per capita consumption in developing countries 0.2 Kg versus 3 Kg for the developed Estimated market is around 160 Billion US $

Development of Technical Textile Fibers

Before the invention of synthetic, cotton, jute, flax, sisal were major fibers Viscose was developed around 1910, partially used in some areas due to higher absorbency Polyamide was developed in 1939, it is used for high strength and abrasion, Polyester (PET) was developed in 1950s, now one major fiber in the world. Starting from apparel to Technical Textile

Conti…
   

Polypropylene and polyethylene developed between 1960-1980 Low cost and versatile e in nature, strong inert, very low absorbency near to nil, low density, high abrasion In start used as bags now in every where, most recent use is in apparel

High performance fibers
  From 1980 onward, a significant growth in high

performance fibers

  Aramids, meta –aramids used in protective clothing

and to reinforce strength (tires etc.) and similar applications) in a host of applications

  and the high strength and modulus para -aramids (used   More than 40 000 MT per annum

[5]

Aromatic Polyamides
  Produced commercially 1960s by DuPont Nomex   Kevlar by DuPont in 1973   Carbon fibers in 1960s, costly but having high resistance

  Carbon fiber, alternatively 5-10 um,   Carbon graphite, carbon atoms are bonded along the x axis,

high strength

Heat and Flameproof Fibers
         

In 1980s, Phenolic fibres and PBI, polybenzimidazole heat and flameproof materials were introduced used for protective clothing Ultra-strong high modulus polyethylene (HMPE) for ballistic protection Chemically stable polymers such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyphenylene sulphide (PPS) and polyethyletherketone (PEEK) for use in filtration and other chemically

Glass and Ceramic
  Sophisticated engineering material with excellent fire

and heat-resistant properties.
  Used as sealing material, insulating material, rubber

reinforcement, protective material, for packaging
  Ceramic fibers are also used for heat storage

Performance Fibers
  Performance Fibers produce:   PEN (polyethylene naphthalate),   PET (polyethylene terephthalate),   PEEK (polyetheretherketone),  

PBT (polybutylene terepthalate) and Nylon 6.

[6]

Worldwide Technical Textile Production [2]

[2]

Technical Textile Market and End Use
  Difficult to find any area without Technical Textile   Starting from clothing to industrial process   From nano to macro   Cheap to expensive   On earth and space

Reading Material
       

Technical Textile a promising future http://www.scribd.com/doc/31097393/Technical-Textile-a-Promising-Future Technical Textile India http://www.tiehh.ttu.edu/documents/News_Release/India_Rising.pdf India's approach to technical textiles http://www.bing.com/search?q=%22India's+approach+to+technical+textiles %22&form=APMCS1

Reference
   

[1] Textile Terms and Definitions, published by the Textile Institute [2] Byrne, C., Technical textiles market – an overview, in Handbook of Technical Textiles A.R. Horrocks, Anand, S. C., Editor 2000, Woodhead Publishing Ltd Cambridge. [3]Technical Textile Messe Frankfurt in Germany [4] Business Model and Project Viability for a Technical Textile Project By : Munish Tyagi [5] Kevlar chemical structure. png [6] http://www.performancefibers.com/