Original and exclusive jurisdiction to hear and decide the following cases involving all workers, whether agricultural or non-agricultural: 1. Unfair labor practice cases; 2. Termination disputes; 3. If accompanied with a claim for reinstatement, those cases that workers may file involving wages, rates of pay, hours of work and other terms and conditions of employment; 4. Claims for actual, moral, exemplary and other forms of damages arising from the employer-employee relations; 5. Cases arising from any violation of Article 264 of this Code, including questions involving the legality of strikes and lockouts; and 6. Except claims for Employees Compensation, Social Security, Medicare and maternity benefits, all other claims arising from employer-employee relations, including those of persons in domestic or household service, involving an amount exceeding five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) regardless of whether accompanied with a claim for reinstatement (Article 217, Labor Code, as amended). b. Original and exclusive jurisdiction over money claims arising out of employer-employee relationship or by virtue of any law or contract, involving Filipino workers for overseas deployment, including claims for actual, moral, exemplary and other forms of damages (Section 10, Republic Act No. 8042, as amended by Republic Act No. 10022). c. Wage distortion disputes in unorganized establishments not voluntarily settled by the parties pursuant to Republic Act No. 6727. d. Enforcement of compromise agreements when there is non-compliance by any of the parties or if there is prima facie evidence that the settlement was obtained through fraud, misrepresentation or coercion (Article 227, Labor Code, as amended). e. Other cases as may be provided by law.

JURISDICTION OF THE COMMISSION a. Decisions, awards or orders of the Labor Arbiters appealed to the Commission through its Divisions, with the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth handling cases from the National Capital Region and other parts of Luzon; the Seventh and Eighth, handling cases from the Visayas and Mindanao, respectively (Article 217, Labor Code, as amended). b. Cases certified to it by the Secretary of Labor, as well as petitions which seek to enjoin or restrain any actual or threatened commission of prohibited or unlawful acts in any labor disputes (Article 218, Labor Code, as amended). c. Decisions of Regional Directors or hearing officers on simple money claims appealed to the Commission (Article 129, Labor Code, as amended).