Shifting & Shaping THE BOOK

Digital Library Services and Open Source Software Huwaran Mapalarin-Sinag C. Galora C&E Publishing, Inc.

Presentation Outline
Digital Library (Overview) Digital Library Services Open Source Software E-book Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) WEB 2.0 “Social Networking”

Digital Library
Organization that provide the resources, including the specialized staff, to select, structure, offer intellectual access to, interpret, distribute, preserve the integrity of, and ensure the persistence over time of collection of digital works so that they are readily and economically available for use by a defined community or set of communities. (Digital Library Federation)

Impact of Digital Libraries
•  Brings information to users •  Improved searching and manipulation of information •  Improved facilities for information sharing •  Timely access to information •  Improved use of information •  Reduction of digital divide

Principles for building digital libraries
•  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Expect change Know your content Involve the right people Design usable systems Ensure open access Be(a)ware of data rights Automate whenever possible Adapt and adhere to standards Be concerned about persistence

DIGITAL LIBRARY SERVICES

Digital Library Services

OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE

Open Source Software
•  Relating to or being computer software for which the source code is freely available worldnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn

Open Source Integrated Library System
•  •  •  •  •  LibLime KOHA – www.koha.org Evergreen Project – www.open-ils.org NewGenLib – www.verussolutions.biz/web ALA TechSource – www.alatechsource.org OpenBblio – oblio.sourceforgr.net

Digital Library Services

E-BOOK

What is an E-book?
•  An electronic version of printed book which can be read on a personal computer or hand-held device designed specifically for this purpose

E-book File Formats
PDF (Portable Document Format) •  Electronic document format developed by Adobe •  file format for capturing and sending electronic documents •  a fixed-layout flat document (text, fonts, graphics) •  PDF documents can be opened on any popular platform – Linux, Windows, Mac

E-book File Formats
EPUB (Electronic Publication) •  is an electronic book format recommended by the International Digital Publishing Forum •  allows publishers to produce and distribute a digital publication that offers consumers interoperability between software and hardware for unencrypted reflowable digital books.

PDF vs EPUB
PDF File extension Layout Security .pdf print-oriented (fixed-layout format) No copy protection EPUB .epub display-oriented (reflowable format) Yes. With DRM protection (Digital Rights Management) Yes Yes Yes Smaller Yes

Enhancement PC Tablet File Size Demand

No Yes Yes, but with limitations Bigger No

Types of E-book
Static E-book •  Fixed Enhanced E-book •  Interactive •  Audio •  Video •  Animation •  Annotation

E-book Conversion Process (HTML-based)

PDF/ InDesign

HTML

EPUB

Digital Library Services

DIGITAL ASSET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Digital Asset Management System (DAMS)
q A system that creates a centralized repository for digital files that allows the content to be archived, searched and retrieved. q The digital content is stored in databases called asset repositories while metadata such as photo captions, article key words, advertiser names, contact names, file names or low-resolution thumbnail images are stored in separate databases called media catalogs and point to the original items. webopedia.com

Why is Digital Asset Management important?
q Storage q Retrieval q Reuse q Security

Why is Digital Asset Management important?
q Organizes storage of data q Makes it easier to track and trace path of materials q Safeguard the integrity of the materials q Systematize filing of the materials q Identify the general materials types q Segregate materials types accordingly and file the same in their proper file folders q Establish filing protocols

What are the digital files that can be processed ?
q Photos q Images q Video Files q Audio Files q Text documents q Animations (swf) q PDFs

Plan of Action
q Make an inventory of all files q Identify the general materials types q Segregate all materials accordingly q Create codes and file naming conventions to label the general materials types q Establish the following: §  Standard data codes that will be used to create filenames §  Standard coding routes §  Standard filenames that will follow coding routes

Plan of Action
q Identify files to be retained and those to be deleted q Rename current, pertinent, relevant materials q Relocate current, renamed materials to their proper folders

File Management Protocols: Codes for Book Title and Level
q Level – For grade school level, use the Hindu Arabic symbol (i.e., 1–6). – For high school level, use the Roman numeral symbol (i.e., I–IV). q Book title – Use the initials of the book – For example:
§  Math World Grade 6 (MW6) §  Breaking Through Biology (BTBII)

Codes for Book Title and Level
q Unit – Use the letter U – Ex. Unit 1 is U01 q Chapter – Use the letter C – Ex. Chapter 1 is C01 q Lesson – Use the letter L – Ex. Lesson 1 is L01

Materials Types and Codes
q Manuscript – Refer to all encoded texts from authors, writers, and instructional designers (i.e., multimedia lessons and storyboard writing) – Use the letter M – Ex. MMW6U01C01L01 q Quizzes – Use the letter Q – Ex. QMW6U01C01L01

Materials Types and Codes
q Writeups or Articles – Use the letter W – Ex. WEJOURNALS

Materials Types and Codes
q Image – Refer to photos and graphics – Use the letter I – Ex. IMW6U01C01L01 or L01a q Artworks – Refer to illustrations – Use the letter A – Ex. AMW6U01C01L01 or L01a

q Graphs – Use the letter G – Ex. GMW6U01C01L01 or L01a q Animations – Refer to flash animations or other animations – Use the code DF – Ex. DFMW6U01C01L01 q Video Files – Use the code VF – Ex. VFMW6U01C01L01 or L01a

q Audio Files – Use the code AF – Ex. AFMW6U01C01L01 or L01a q Web-based Platforms – Refer to online platforms – Use the code WBP – Ex. WBPMW6 q Computer-based Platforms – Refer to offline platforms – Use the code CBP – Ex. CBPMW6

Several issues that hinder the establishment of DAMS
•  No existing training on DAMS •  Lack of support policy •  Security policies

Digital Library Services

WEB 2.0 “SOCIAL NETWORKING”

WEB 2.0
•  The concept of "Web 2.0" began with a conference brainstorming session between O'Reilly and MediaLive Internationl in 2004 as a way to describe the post-crash Web

Why use WEB 2.0?
•  Valuable Content •  Patron Interaction and Collaboration •  Participation in Knowledge Communites

Types of WEB 2.0 Applications
•  •  •  •  •  •  •  Blog RSS Wikis Social Bookmarking Photo Sharing Podcast Video Sharing

Types of WEB 2.0 Applications
•  •  •  •  •  •  Social Cataloging Vertical Search Engine Social News Answer Technology Virtual Words Productivity tools

Definition of Terms
Blogs - Application which are commonly used to provide diaries with entries provided in chronological order Wikis - Collaborative web-based authoring tools Syndicated Content - Technologies which allow content to be automatically embedded elsewhere.

Definition of Terms
Podcast and videocast - syndicated audio and video content Mashups - Services which contain data and services from multiple sources Social Sharing Services - Applications which provide sharing of various types of resources such as bookmarks, photographs

How libraries are using the WEB 2.0?
•  Promote library services, advertise events, display book reviews •  Library websites •  Collaboration and training •  Library news and information •  Discussion Groups •  Track library materials •  Oral histories •  Lectures •  Marketing and promotion

Georgia State University Library Blog Collection

www.library.gsu.edu/news

Do the libraries need the WEB 2.0 Applications?
•  Answer: It all depends. What are the things that need to be considered? 1.  Who are your users? 2.  What they are doing? 3.  Are these applications blocked in your institution/library? 4.  What are your purposes? 5.  Do you have enough manpower to maintain the application/s?

References
•  http://aboutweblogs.com/content/view/25/2/ •  Information Literacy meets Library 2.0, Peter Godwin •  Libraries: Facebook Group, Fan Page or Friend Your Librarian http://kraftylibrarian.com/?p=263 •  McCray, A.T. and Gallagher, M.E. (2001). Principles for Digital Library Development. Communications of the ACM. 44 (5). Retrieved from http://www.lhncbc.nlm.nih.gov/dlb/pubs/ 200105_cacm_mccray.pdf •  Web 2.0 for Librarians and information Professionals, Ellyssa Kroski, 2004 •  Web 2.0 by Ana Loren V. Omboy