Section 1



In case of small scale of construction . precautions and specifications. There is also necessity of discussion when there is any question or changes in the work. however there is no determined rule. In order to make smooth and steady progress of the work. the contents of the drawings are surveyed and checked before construction work. etc should be also looked over to be reminded in the construction site. it is progressed from the ground to the upper floor in general .1. elevation. lines and windows of the building . rear side elevation. partial section. structural plan. left side elevation. a lot of time and repeated practice are required. exterior appearance. and an entire understanding of drawings should be preceded before the next step. right side elevation. Not only orientation. etc are checked if there is any suspicious portion because all the drawings are not made by only 1 person. Although it is a rule to survey the drawings right from the 1st page. . Plan. As construction work progresses . Understanding of Drawing 1) Examination of drawing When construction contract is completed. present work should be checked and compared with instructions on the drawings . it is common to check the scale and the number of floors of the building and then plan. partial development. but front elevation. and detail section. section. foundation.

As construction work is not a simple one but rather complicated. hooks at the tip of stirrup could be changed from Figure 1 to Figure 2. however it could be changed when necessary under the permission of supervisor. Plan of reinforcement should be drawn before reinforcement . Every reinforcement has its own rule . Figure 1 Figure 2 . Although the trend has been to increase the usage of shop reinforcement for the smooth progress in the crowded city . plan of reinforcement is given in advance or shop reinforcement are also available . when the scale of construction is large . Clear understanding of basic knowledge is quite helpful. however . it is difficult or impossible to explain all of the construction methods satisfactorily in written or spoken words alone. field reinforcement is explained in this book due to the necessity of prompt applications in the field and its convenience. For example .

one should carefully consider the implications of drawings. When one begins to construct a building. Drawings of construction work are grouped roughly as civil engineering and architecture. types and dimensions of each element for the bar-fabrication . In this book. accepted by everyone in each field. numbers. lines and letters are adapted to drawings to help everyone understand what they mean. plan of reinforcement is briefed to help the workers understand them more easily. Although their types and applications are different. 3) Classification of drawing ① Shop Drawing Drawings that suggest overall dimensions of each member with symbols.2)What is drawing? Drawings are used in every industrial field with the development of industries. numbers and lines for the construction work ② Detailed Drawing Detailed drawings that describe shapes . all the contents could be understood since they are all in accordance with IPC mentioned above. Although there are some differences. there are agreed rules that are called IPC(International Graphic Code). Specified rules and standards with reference to symbols.

beam and retaining walls v. There are several types of drawings which include machinery. communication. Among them 300mm scale is frequently used. A) Construction i. Drawing of column center ii. sanitation.③ Understanding of Drawing Drawings are in their own sequence beginning with the title and contents on the 1st page. Plane figure iv. Plane figure of structure iii. blue and black to distinguish its scale. . Elevation iii. the order of drawing is in a sequence mentioned above. scale is indispensable. There are many types of scale. Cross Section v. Building layout ii. colored red. Structure drawing of Rebar is for this case. Part Detailed drawing B) Structure i. etc according to the type of work and there are details as follows. List of pillar . Detailed drawing of rahmen rebar arrangement C) In general. Drawing of stairway and slab rebar arrangement iv. It has carved line in the middle of each side. ④ Scale (All the units in "mm") Among several types of rulers used in drawings. Scale in red . and all the drawings are in scale. electricity. fire protection.

0. of Rebar Volume V Part cross section No. Architecture. of Member Symbol per part of structure No. .0000 Finish ▽ No of layer & Member Serial No. of cross section No. Structure) Radius R Part detailed drawing No. per layer Structural plane ▼ .Scale in blue Scale in black . 0.0000 Scale S 1/200 EL. Structure) Main entrance Level indication(Plane) Level indication (elevation. Blue Red Black Other different scales are available like . 4) Usage of symbol ① General symbol Description Length Symbol L Rebar indication Area A Indication Symbol Distance of Rebar Diameter of Rebar High density No. of drawing (Civil engineering. cross section) Sub entrance EL. of cross section No. Architecture. of drawing (Civil engineering.

fy fe Fp & @ W TYP. CONC. Description Bottom Near Face Each Face Bottom of Foundation Top of Foundation Size of a rebar(㎠) Strength of Concrete(kgf/㎠) Compression strength of concrete per date(kgf/㎠) Nominal diameter of deformed rebar(mm) Center Line Height Thickness Concrete Not to Scale Elevation Level Symbol T F. C.O. ST’L FL.T.② Drawing Symbol Symbol B N. E. T.C E. Description Top Far Face Each way Top of Concrete Expansion Joint Construction Joint Resistance strength of rebar(kgf/㎠) Available resistance power of ground(tonf/㎡) Available resistance power per pile(tonf/㎡) And Distance Width Typical Steel Floor Level . B. E.O.J.S EL.J.W.O.F.F. N.F T.F Ab fck fcu(t) D(db) C L H THK.F.