TASK 1.1.

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ENGLISH AND SPANISH
1. Look at exercise 2 on page 9. (Reading “World Languages) The words “different”, “difficult”, “international” or “bilingual” are very similar to our language because they come from latin. There are many words that come from latin in English, around 60% of their vocabulary. 2. Can you think of any other words? Go through unit 1 to look for more words similar in English and Spanish. Write them in the following table and write the translation into Spanish.

English word French vocabulary culture number million communicate different language family in class button Instruction English word Horrible Activity terrible Button Interesting Culture September Map Family Class Music Complete Favourite Park Adjective European Difficult

Spanish word francés vocabulario cultura número millón comunicar(se) diferente lengua=idioma familia en clase botón instrucción Spanish Word Horrible Actividad Terrible Botón Interesante Cultura Septiembre Mapa Familia Clase Musica C ompleta Favorita/o Aparcar o parquet Adjetivo Europea/o Difícil

Repeat My Communicate Vocabulary Guitar

Repetir Mi Comunicarse Vocabulario Guitarra

3. Look at your table. Is there any word with a translation that isn´t similar to Spanish?

English word Table PARENT Letter

Spanish word Tabla (=recuadro) O MESA PADRES, no PARIENTES (=relatives) No es letra, sino “carta”

4. Now look at page 15 on the book and look for the word “form”. What is the meaning “forma” or “impreso”? School registration form= IMPRESO (de inscripción en la escuela)

 Words from exercise 3 and 4 are English words similar to Spanish but with a different meaning. They are called “false friends”. Some false friends are in the following list:
actual: real, efectivo (y no actual, que se dice current) to advertise: anunciar (y no advertir, que se dice to warn) advice: consejos (y no aviso, que se dice warning, notice) argument: discusión, pelea (y no argumento de un libro/una película, que se dice plot) arena: estadio, plaza de toros (y no arena, que se dice sand) to assist: ayudar (y no asistir a un lugar, que se dice to attend) balloon: globo (y no balón, que se dice ball) bank: banco - la institución (y no banco de plaza, que se dice bench) billion: mil millones (y no billón, que se dice trillion) cap: gorra (y no capa, que se dice layer) cartoon: dibujos animados, tira cómica (y no cartón, que se dice cardboard) casualty: víctima o herido (y no casualidad, que se dice coincidence) cellular: celular, relativo a la célula (y no teléfono celular, que se dice mobile telephone)

college: facultad, colegio universitario (y no colegio, que se dice school) coloured: de color (y no colorado, que se dice red) complexion: tez, tono de la piel (y no complexión, que se dice body type) confident: seguro de sí mismo (y no confidente, que se dice confidant) contest: concurso (y no contestar, que se dice to answer) costume: traje, disfraz (y no costumbre, que se dice custom, habit) crane: grúa (y no cráneo, que se dice skull) curse: maldición (y no curso, que se dice course) dramatic: drástico, espectacular embarrassed: avergonzado/a (y no embarazada, que se dice pregnant)

large: grande (y no largo, que se dice long)

5. Now look up in a dictionary the translation of the following words: exit sympathetic Fabric File Fume Lecture Plate remove record Carpet table Actually constipation

Echar, despedir gases, como un tubo de escape Tirarse pedos= fart Lección, charla o conferencia Plato en el sentido de cantidad de comida Quitar (una mancha etc) Grabar Alfombra Mesa o recuadro En realidad Estreniñimiento I am constipated= estoy estreñido

TASK 1.2. SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN EUROPEAN LANGUAGES. 1. Look at these words in different European languages. Can you group them according to their meaning. àmics- - Käse- escola- amis- fromatge- fromage- libro- llivre- livre-book-school-plantaplant-flor- Blume- fleur- Buch- flower-Schule-école ESPAÑOL Amigo CATALÁN àmic FRANCÉS INGLÉS ALEMÁN

ESPAÑOL Amigo Queso Libro escuela flor planta

CATALÁN àmic fromatge llivre escola flor planta

FRANCÉS amis fromage livre école fleur plants

INGLÉS friend cheese book school flower plant

ALEMÁN Freund Käse Buch Schule Blume Planze

 Some words in different European languages are similar because they belong to the INDOEUROPEAN LANGUAGE FAMILY. 2. What other language families do you know? Look for the information on www.wikipedia.org or any other web page. 3. Make a summary (resumen). Include this information:  What is a language family?  How many language families are there?