LAW AND PHILOSOPHY

Genetically Modified Food (GMF) increase productivity against negative impact on the environment

What is Genetic Modified Food ?
The term genetically-modified food or genetically-modified organism is commonly refer to crop plants which was created for human or animal by using biological technique.
It was only a food items that have undergo DNA change through some procedure. The process involve combining a different genes of another organisms which the resulting organism is called genetically modified or genetically engineered.

The main purpose of the food being modified is to enhance desired traits such as increase or improved nutritional content.

MEDICINES

VACCINES
FOODS AND INGREDIENTS FIBERS

PHILOSOPHER background
Dr Ibrahim b. Syed was born in South India and he have received his academic education at University of Mysore. Other than that he have obtained his doctor of Science degree in 1972 in Radiological Sciences.

Ibrahim Syed

Majid Katme

He was born in Lebanon. Dr Katme have received his medical doctorate from Cairo University in 1970. Other than that, he specialized in psychiatry and has become an important man in United Kingdom for rising issues on medical ethics and family issues. Currently he is one of chairman in the Islamic Medical Association of the United Kingdom

Fatima Agha al-Hayani Fatima is a lecturer and a court expert on Islamic Jurispudence. She has the specialty in Islamic Family Law. Other than that, she was one of the active presenter of workshops on Islam, Islamic Law, Women in Islam and in the Arab World, the Middle eastern History, and last but not least regarding to society and culture of Islam
Cardinal Renato Martino Cardinal Renato is and Italian Cardinal Deacon which born on 23 Novermber 1932 in Salerno where he was appoint as a priest in 1957. He have a doctorate in Canon law and have mastered a several languages fluently. At early age, he entered the Vatican’s diplomatic service in 1962 and served at several places such as Philiphines and Canada.

PHILOSOPHY
Ibrahim Syed
• -Opinion - Quranic verse forbidding man from defacing God’s creation “ cannot be invoked as a total and radical ban on genetic engineering.... if carried too far, it would conflict with many forms of curative surgery that also entail some change in God’s creation”

Majid Katme
• -Opinion- quotes copiously from the Quran, “there is no need for genetic modification of food crops because God created everything perfectly and man does not have any right to manipulate anything that god has created using His divine wisdom.

Cardinal Renato Martino
• -Opinion – Supports genetic modification of food as an answer for world starvation and malnutrition and because “scientific progress was part of the divine plan”

Fatima Agha al-Hayani
• -Opinion – she contends that Muslims must ensure that genetic modification “may remain mercy-driven” and promote righteousness.

Islamic View on GMF

Complex issues :

• Whether a certain food is “halal” or not although there is already a certainly part of it but it cause difficulty after the food is modified.

• Muslim concern on the food purity which absorb by the body as it is a need to have a good health in order to run our daily life as a muslim.

To make easy of all muslims and not to tortured

Muslims must connect scientific knowledge and ethical behavior based on faith

ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES Islam view has not prohibited as long as the development of technology is parallel with the principle of Islam and not over rule any of those principle of life in Islam

All the thing that been done must be parallel with what is right and what is wrong

Argument by Muslims scholars

Genetically modified food will violate certain Islamic principles that people should help the needy without being motivated by profit

All the food is consume by the body, and as a muslim if the food bring and cause harm to the body it is “Haram” and is not a food that should be consume

Whether the Genetically modified food do in fact prevent harm

If it affect the biodiversity it can be regarded as harmful

Status of “halal”:
The Islamic Jurisprudence Council and Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America take the position that the Genetically modified food is ‘Halal’

There is still a doubts among muslims as there is no evidence saying the Genetically modified food is ‘Halal’

In Malaysia there is Biosafety Act which make label for genetically modified food

GROUP OPINION :
Fatima Agha Al-Hayani (PREFERRED) -Muslims must ensure that genetic modification “may remain mercydriven and promote righteousness”.
-As long as the technology do not cause harm to the people or the environment it will be regarded as safe and be accepted by the people

Fatima Agha Al-Hayani parallel with Islamic principle. -As a human we should help other human beings. -All the flaw of the food should be overcome by doing research as this food have its own benefit to help those in need

-The aim of modifying the food itself should be same which is to help those in need as the food supply is not enough to support billion of people which increase from time to time

Fatima Agha Al-Hayani (PREFERRED) cont. -There is a potential danger of the Genetic modified food, however we have to see beyond the scope as it can actually give benefit to the people

-The researcher should play an important role to search more ways to overcome or minimize the risk or problem relating to the genetic modified food

Research by Graham Brookes and Peter Barfoot
-“ the environmental impact” of pesticide and herbicide use in genetic modified food have been reduced by 15% and 20% respectively
-Genetic modified food improved -The genetic production which modified food mean the amount of require fewer land needed for pesticides which as a planting or farming is result it lowers rate less and therefore is of food poisoning conserve the and can keeps water environment from sources clean being explored to much -The genetically modified food or crops is more efficient which it cuts emissions and save energy used

‘BEFORE AND AFTER’

I. Unintended Harm To Other Organisms - to create GM plants that are male sterile (do not produce pollen) or to modify the GM plant so that the pollen does not contain the introduced gene. -cross-pollination would not occur, and if harmless insects such as monarch caterpillars were to eat pollen from GM plants, the caterpillars would survive. II. Reduced Effectiveness Of Pesticides -to create buffer zones around fields of GM crops III. Gene transfer to non-target species -Gene transfer to weeds and other crops would not occur because the wind-blown pollen would not travel beyond the buffer zone.

• Many people feel that genetic engineering is the inevitable wave of the future and that we cannot afford to ignore a technology that has such enormous potential benefits.

• However, we must proceed with caution to avoid causing unintended harm to human health and the environment as a result of our enthusiasm for this powerful technology.
• Genetically-modified foods have the potential to solve many of the world's hunger and malnutrition problems, and to help protect and preserve the environment by increasing yield and reducing reliance upon chemical pesticides and herbicides.