HORMONE SYSTEM

1. Synthesis and secretion of some hormones are – (a) Under control of nerves (b) Under control of muscles (c) Under control brain (d) Under control of autonomic nervous system 2. The hormones secreted by endocrine system can also act as – (a) Enzymes (b)Vitamins (c) Co-factors (d) None of these 3. Hypothalamic nuclei are located in – (a) Epiphysis (b) Posterior lobe of pituitary (c) Prosencephalon (d) Floor of third cerebral ventricle of the brain 4. The posterior lobe of pituitary secretes two hormones – vasopressin and oxytocin. These hormones of posterior pituitary are secreted by(a) The cell of posterior lobe of pituitary itself (b) Some hypothalamic neurons and are released at the time of need. (c) Some hypothalamic neurons but remain stored in their axon terminals inside. The postesior lobe of pituitary. (d) Cells of anterior lobe of pituitary but remain stored in axon terminals inside the posterior lobe of pituitary. 5. The thyroid gland secretes thyroxine hormone. Function of thyroxine is – (a) It increases metabolic rate and maintains BMR (b) It promotes growth of body tissues and brain (c) It stimulates differentiation of tissue. (d) All of the above 6. Parathormone increases the concentration of calcium ions in the blood plasma by(a) Increasing utilization of calcium (b) Increasing phosphate elimination in urine (c) Mobilising more calcium from bones to the plasma (d) All of the above 7. The aggressive bull can be changed into docile ox by(a) Removing anterior lobe of pituitary (b) Removing adrenal cortex (c) Surgical removal of testes (d) All of the above 8. In females estrogen hormones are secreted at the time of puberty. Estrogens stimulate – (a) Growth and maturation of uterus (b) Growth an maturation of fallopian tubes (c) Growth and maturation of mammary glands (d) All of the above 9. Which of the following is a local hormone – (a) Rennin (b) Geradiol (c) Prostaglandin (d) Civetone 10. Receptors for neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine are present – (a) In mitochondria and ER 11. The hormone first to be isolated was – (a) Epinephrine (b) Insulin (c) Thyroxine (d) Testosterone

12. The antagonisti hormones are – (a) HCG – Oxytocin (b) FSH – LH (c) Estrogen – Progesterone (d) Insulin – Glucagon 13. In mammals which of the following does not secre any hormoe – (a) Pancreas (b) Thyroid (c) Liver (d) Pituitary

14. Sympathin was the previous name of (a) Thyroxine (b) Nor-adrenaline (c) Adrenaline (d) None of the above 15. Most of the contraceptive pills contain – (a) Progesterone +LH (b) FSH + LH (c) Estrogen + Progesterone (d) Estrogen + FSH

16. All hormones produced by ovary are – (a) Steroids only (b) Proteins only (c) Proteins and steroids (d) None of the above 17. Which hormone causes emotional disturbances – (a) Adrenaline (b) Oxytocin (c) Vasopressin (d) Thyroxine

18. Orchidectomy is removal of (a) Ovary (b) Kidney (c) Spleen (d) Testes 19. Which hormone stops the secretion of HCI from parietal cells of stomach(a) Enterogastron (b) Gastrin (c) Enterokinase (d) Secretin 20. Cretinism in children is caused by – (a) Hypopituitrism (b) Hypoparathyroidism (c) Hypo-insulin-secretion (d) Hypothyrodism 21. Growth hormone work properly (a) Without insulin (b) With insulin (c) With thyroxine (d) Without

(b) (c) (d) In cytaplasm In the nucleus On the surface of plasma membrane adrenalin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 2 0 2 .