Chemical Elements, Atomic Weights, Discoverers

Source: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ph.D., Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA Atomic weights, based on the exact number 12 as the assigned atomic mass of the principal isotope of carbon, carbon 12, are provided through the courtesy of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and Butterworth Scientific Publications. For the radioactive elements, with the exception of uranium and thorium, the mass number of either the isotope of longest half-life (*) or the better known isotope (**) is given.

Chemical element Actinium Aluminum Americium Antimony Argon Arsenic Astatine Barium Berkelium

Symbol Ac Al Am Sb Ar As At Ba Bk

Atomic number 89 13 95 51 18 33 85 56 97

Atomic weight 227* 26.9815 243* 121.75 39.948 74.9216 210* 137.34 249**

Year discov. 1899 1825 1944 1450 1894 13th c. 1940 1808 1949

Discoverer Debierne Oersted Seaborg, et al. Valentine Rayleigh, Ramsay Albertus Magnus Corson, et al. Davy Thompson, Ghiorso, Seaborg

Beryllium Bismuth Bohrium Boron Bromine Cadmium Calcium Californium Carbon Cerium Cesium Chlorine Chromium Cobalt Copper Curium Dubnium

Be Bi Bh B Br Cd Ca Cf C Ce Cs Cl Cr Co Cu Cm Db

4 83 107 5 35 48 20 98 6 58 55 17 24 27 29 96 105

9.0122 208.980 262* 10.811a 79.904b 112.40 40.08 251* 12.01115a 140.12 132.905 35.453b 51.996b 58.9332 63.546b 247* 262*

1798 15th c. 1981 1808 1826 1817 1808 1950
BC

Vauquelin Valentine Münzenberg, et al. Gay-Lussac, Thenard Balard Stromeyer Davy Thompson, et al. unknown Klaproth Bunsen, Kirchhoff Scheele Vauquelin Brandt unknown Seaborg, James, Ghiorso Ghiorso, et al.

1803 1860 1774 1797 1735
BC

1944 1970

Dysprosium Einsteinium Erbium Europium Fermium Fluorine Francium Gadolinium Gallium Germanium Gold Hafnium Hassium Helium Holmium Hydrogen Indium

Dy Es Er Eu Fm F Fr Gd Ga Ge Au Hf Hs He Ho H In

66 99 68 63 100 9 87 64 31 32 79 72 108 2 67 1 49

162.50* 254** 167.26 151.96 257* 18.9984 223* 157.25 69.72 72.59 196.967 178.49 269* 4.0026 164.930 1.00797a 114.82

1886 1952 1843 1901 1953 1771 1939 1886 1875 1886
BC

Boisbaudran Ghiorso, et al. Mosander Demarcay Ghiorso, et al. Scheele Perey Marignac Boisbaudran Winkler unknown Coster, Hevesy Münzenberg, et al. Janssen, Lockyer Soret, Delafontaine Cavendish Reich, Richter

1923 1984 1868 1878 1766 1863

Iodine Iridium Iron Krypton Lanthanum Lawrencium Lead Lithium Lutetium Magnesium Manganese Meitnerium Mendelevium Mercury Molybdenum Neodymium Neon

I Ir Fe Kr La Lr Pb Li Lu Mg Mn Mt Md Hg Mo Nd Ne

53 77 26 36 57 103 82 3 71 12 25 109 101 80 42 60 10

126.9044 192.2 55.847b 83.80 138.91 262* 207.19 6.939 174.97 24.312 54.9380 266* 258* 200.59 95.94 144.24 20.183

1811 1804
BC

Courtois Tennant unknown Ramsay, Travers Mosander Ghiorso, T. Sikkeland, A.E. Larsh, and R.M. Latimer unknown Arfvedson Welsbach, Urbain Bussy Gahn Münzenberg, et al. Ghiorso, et al. unknown Hjelm Welsbach Ramsay, Travers

1898 1839 1961
BC

1817 1907 1829 1774 1982 1955
BC

1782 1885 1898

Neptunium Nickel Niobium1 Nitrogen Nobelium Osmium Oxygen Palladium Phosphorus Platinum Plutonium Polonium Potassium Praseodymium Promethium Protactinium Radium

Np Ni Nb N No Os O Pd P Pt Pu Po K Pr Pm Pa Ra

93 28 41 7 102 76 8 46 15 78 94 84 19 59 61 91 88

237* 58.71 92.906 14.0067 259* 190.2 15.9994a 106.4 30.9738 195.09 242** 210** 39.102 140.907 147** 231* 226*

1940 1751 1801 1772 1958 1804 1774 1803 1669 1735 1940 1898 1807 1885 1945 1917 1898

McMillan, Abelson Cronstedt Hatchett Rutherford Ghiorso, et al. Tennant Priestley, Scheele Wollaston Brand Ulloa Seaborg, et al. P. and M. Curie Davy Welsbach Glendenin, Marinsky, Coryell Hahn, Meitner P. and M. Curie, Bemont

Radon Rhenium Rhodium Rubidium Ruthenium Rutherfordium Samarium Scandium Seaborgium Selenium Silicon Silver Sodium Strontium Sulfur Tantalum Technetium

Rn Re Rh Rb Ru Rf Sm Sc Sg Se Si Ag Na Sr S Ta Tc

86 75 45 37 44 104 62 21 106 34 14 47 11 38 16 73 43

222* 186.2 102.905 85.47 101.07 261* 150.35 44.956 266* 78.96 28.086a 107.868b 22.9898 87.62 32.064a 180.948 99**

1900 1925 1803 1861 1845 1969 1879 1879 1974 1817 1823
BC

Dorn Noddack, Tacke, Berg Wollaston Bunsen, Kirchhoff Klaus Ghiorso, et al. Boisbaudran Nilson Ghiorso, et al. Berzelius Berzelius unknown Davy Crawford unknown Ekeberg Perrier and Segre

1807 1790
BC

1802 1937

Tellurium Terbium Thallium Thorium Thulium Tin Titanium Tungsten (Wolfram) Uranium Vanadium Xenon Ytterbium Yttrium Zinc Zirconium

Te Tb Tl Th Tm Sn Ti W U V Xe Yb Y Zn Zr

52 65 81 90 69 50 22 74 92 23 54 70 39 30 40

127.60 158.924 204.37 232.038 168.934 118.69 47.90 183.85 238.03 50.942 131.30 173.04 88.905 65.37 91.22

1782 1843 1861 1828 1879
BC

Von Reichenstein Mosander Crookes Berzelius Cleve unknown Gregor d’Elhujar Klaproth Sefstrom Ramsay, Travers Marignac Gadolin unknown Klaproth

1791 1783 1789 1830 1898 1878 1794
BC

1789