Timpurile verbelor in engleza

Present Simple Afirmativ :
Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv Exceptie : La pers a III sg verbul se termina mereu in –s sau –es : The boy wants a toy car for Christmas. – Baiatul vrea o masina de jucarie pentru Craciun. Atentie: 1. Verbele care se termina in -y la pers a III sg, y se transforma in -ies: I cry – She cries. I play – He plays. 2. Verbele care se termina in –o, -ss, -x, -sh, -ch primesc la pers a III sg – es My mother usually goes to the market in the morning. – Mama se duce de obicei in piata dimineata.

Negativ :
Subiect+ do not/ does not + verb She does not sing in the school chorus. – Ea nu canta in corul scolii.

Interogativ :
do not/ does not + Subiect + verb Does she want to participate in the competition? - Vrea ea sa participle in competitie?

Present Continuous Afirmativ :
Subiect + Prezentul verbului “a fi” + ing : She is cutting the cake in slices. (Ea taie prajitura felii.)

Negativ :
Subiect + Prezentul verbului “a fi” + not + verb + ing : She is not talking at the moment, she is eating. (In acest moment ea nu vorbeste, mananca.)

Interogativ :
Prezentul verbului “a fi” + Subiect + verb + ing : Is she smiling ? (Ea zambeste ?)

Present Perfect: Afirmativ :
Subiectul + Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + past participle al verbului de conjugat We are not going on holiday since the prices have rise. – Noi nu mai mergem in vacanta deoarece preturile au crescut.

Interogativ : Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + Subiectul + past participle al verbului de conjugat Haven’t you eaten too much chocolate already? – Nu ai mancat deja destula ciocolata? Present Perfect Continuous Afirmativ : Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ participul prezent al verbului de conjugat (baza + ing) They have been reading a lot of book lately. – Ei au citit o multime de carti in ultima vreme. – Ce ai mai facut? Am lucrat la un nou proiect. – Am fost la zoo ieri. probabil doarme.Negativ : Subiectul + have/has not + past participle al verbului de conjugat I haven’t seen her this morning. Simple Past Afirmativ : S + verbul la forma a II a de pe lista verbelor iregulate We went to the zoo yesterday. she is probably sleeping. – Ei nu s-au uitat la tv in acesta dupa-amiaza. Negativ : S + aux DO la trecut (did) + not + verbul la infinitiv We did not finish the project in due time. – Noi nu am terminat proiectul la timp. Interogativ : Did + S + verbul la infinitiv ? Did you eat all the chocolate? – Ai mancat toata ciocolata? . – I-am dat telefon. Negativ : Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ NOT + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat They haven’t been watching TV this afternoon. S + verb + ed – pentru cele regulate I phoned her. – Nu am vazut-o de dimineata. Interogativ : Prezentul perfect al verbului to be + Subiectul + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat What have you been doing ? I have been working on a new project.

Omu. . At last she showed me the dress she had bought. Participiu prezent = verb + ing I have been thinking of writing you a mail when you called me.Past Perfect Afirmativ : S + Past tense al verbului To HAVE + participiu trecut Atentie: La verbele regulate participiul trecut = verb + ed. Negativ : S + Past tense al verbului To HAVE + Not + participiu trecut They hadn’t gone to Mt. – Nu stateam de mult la rand. Interogativ : Past tense al verbului To HAVE + S + participiu trecut Hadn’t he loved you? – Nu te iubea? Past Continuous Afirmativ : S + verbul To BE la past tense + verbul de conjugat + ING I was reading the lesson when the teacher came in. – Citeam lectia cand a intrat profesoara. ei o cautau pe sora ei. – Intr-un sfarsit. – Ei nu au mers pe varful Omu. they were looking for her sister. mi-a aratat rochia pe care si-o cumparase. – Ei nu o cautau pe Susan. Negativ : S + verbul To BE la past tense la forma negativa + verbul de conjugat + ING They weren’t looking for Susan. cand au auzit o voce strigandu-mi numele. Interogativ : Verbul To BE la past tense + S + verbul de conjugat + ING Was he driving too fast when he had the accident? – Conducea el prea repede cand a avut accidentul? Past Perfect Continuous Afirmativ : S+ had been + participiu prezent cand tu m-ai sunat. – Eu ma gandisem sa iti scriu un mail Negativ : S + had + Not + been + present participle I hadn’t been waiting long in a queue when I heard a voice calling my name. iar la cele neregulate este forma a 3a de pe lista verbelor iregulate.

– Maine la ora 9 ei vor fi plecat spre Sibiu. Negativ : S + will not (won’t) + present participle The train won’t be arriving any time soon.Interogativ: Had + S + been + present participle They hadn’t been doing their tasks so they didn’t get a bonus. Interogativ: Will + S + be + present participle Will you be shouting at me if I tell you the truth? – Vei tipa daca iti voi spune adevarul? . – Organizatia de sanatate va deschide un nou spital in acest oras. Interogativ: Will + S + verbul la infinitiv Will you love me in 10 years? – O sa ma iubesti si peste 10 ani? Future Perfect Afirmativ : S + will have + past participle al verbului de conjugat past participle = forma a III a verbului Tomorrow at 9 they will have left for Sibiu. there was an accident on the road. – Trenul nu va ajunge prea curand. – Cand o suni pe Julie eu nu voi fi ajuns in statie. Negativ : S + will not have + past participle al verbului de conjugat When you phone Julie I will not have arrived at the station. Negativ : S + will not (won’t) + verbul la infinitiv I won’t tell where she is. a avut loc un accident pe drum. – Nu iti voi spune unde este ea. – Ei nu si-au indeplinit din taskuri deci nu au primit un bonus. Simple Future Afirmativ : S + will + verbul la infinitiv You will feel better if you take this pill.Tu o sa te simti mult mai bine daca iei acesta pastila. Future Continuous Afirmativ : S + Will be + present participle The Health Organisation will be opening a new hospital in this city. .

– Cat timp Negativ : S + will not have been + present participle al verbului de conjugat You will not have been working here by this summer. Maria va fi cantat la vioara.Future Perfect Continuous Afirmativ : S + will have been + present participle al verbului de conjugat Mihai isi va fi scris exercitiile. Future-in-the-Past Afirmativ : S + would + infinitivul verbului de conjugat She told me I would be in trouble – Ea mi-a spus ca voi intra in bucluc. – Noi nu ne-am gandit niciodata ca ei nu vor castiga. Negativ : S + would not + infinitivul verbului de conjugat We never thought they would not win. – Tu nu vei fi lucrat aici pana in aceasta vara. present participle = verbul + ing While Michael will have been writing his exercices. . Maria will have been playing the violin.