United States

Department of
Agriculture
Foreign
Agricultural
Service
April 2012

World Beef Exports: India Takes Lead in 2012

India is forecast to become the world’s leading beef exporter in 2012 due to an expanding dairy herd,
efficiency improvements, increased slaughter and price-competitiveness in the international market
particularly vis-à-vis Brazil.
India’s exports are exclusively deboned frozen buffalo meat (carabeef) which is included in USDA’s
global estimates of beef (bovine) meat production. According to the most recent Indian Livestock
Census (2007), buffalo comprise approximately one-third of the bovine herd. Buffalo are preferred
to cattle due to their adaptability to climatic conditions and high milk fat content as dairy production
fuels the bovine sector. Federal law prohibits the slaughter of all cattle (male and female ) as well as
productive (in milk) bovines (cattle and buffalo). Thus beef/carabeef production is driven by buffalo
slaughter which is allowed, albeit restricted to males and unproductive females.
Export sales have made significant inroads in the Middle East, North Africa and Southeast Asia (key
Brazilian markets) as all carabeef is lower priced and produced according to halal standards. Further,
carabeef is lean, with positive blending characteristics important to processors. In 2012, additional
export orientated slaughterhouses are expected to come on line, increasing supplies.
Production gains are largely destined for the export market. Domestic demand is constrained by
cold-chain facilities and consumer preference for non-bovine proteins such as poultry products, dairy
products and pulses therefore merely keeping pace with population growth.
Approved by the World Agricultural Outlook Board/USDA

Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade
April 2012

Contents

Summary: Major Traders and U.S. Trade of Beef, Pork, and Poultry
2012 Forecast Overviews
Beef
Pork
Poultry
Summary Tables
Beef Summary Table
Pork Summary Table
Broiler Meat Summary Table
Turkey Meat Summary Table
Cattle Summary Table
Swine Summary Table
Notes to Readers

Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA
Office of Global Analysis

April 2012

866 8.251 77.959 244.077 6.926 3.000 Metric Tons (Carcass Weight Equivalent) 2/ 1.547 8.016 8.1% Total 227. which represent the most important players in the world meat PSD situation.855 1. and Poultry 2007 2008 2009 2010 Beef and Veal /1 58.001 6.5% Broiler & Turkey /2 74.186 6.292 7.282 248.780 2.641 86.761 1.982 6.008 6.2% 100.085 0.673 6.478 6.350 5. In an attempt to capture these major players. This means totals do not encompass all production.080 6. Pork. and trade.398 102.620 -0.978 10.915 6.072 8.286 103.438 58.857 1. but rather the sum of those countries reported in USDA’s database. Exports 650 905 878 1.466 3.952 9.0% Pork /1 5.1% Pork /1 93.651 7.525 5.241 5.1% Beef and Veal /1 7.103 97.134 2.977 81.625 245.333 3.728 7.451 56.110 1.463 3.990 7.826 Broiler and Turkey /2 74.265 8.841 6.885 57.826 240.817 22.0% Total 226. Trade of Beef.509 7.732 87.662 104.217 55.902 101.3% Broiler and Turkey /2 7.314 242.878 9.372 25. the list of countries reported changes periodically.9% 19.9% Beef and Veal /1 57.236 -2.497 2.745 241.425 2.826 21.985 0.679 7.161 22.863 6.Summary: Major Traders and U.S.930 2.S.408 236.429 9.0% Beef and Veal /1 Total U.105 232.0% Broiler and Turkey /2 7. forecast 1/ 1.117 56.888 57. official statistics.087 7.921 97.242 2.382 57.182 Pork /1 94.0% Broiler and Turkey /2 2.934 100.3% Pork /1 1.404 2.7% Beef and Veal /1 7.446 -2.844 84.646 Percent Change 2011 to 2012 2011 (p) 2012 (f) 57.000 Metric Tons (Ready to Cook Equivalent) Note to Readers: Totals include only those countries that make up USDA’s official PSD database are reported.684 101.382 21.001 0.265 1.514 20.705 56.809 9.463 22.698 55.383 8.940 85.195 5.6% 5.890 234.187 234.6% 20.2% Pork /1 5.043 1.445 -0.7% 78.3% Production Consumption Imports Total Exports Total U.200 78.S.991 23.918 21.357 2.585 82.070 6.115 25.955 3.356 2. consumption.155 8.916 2.595 6. Market Share (%) of Exports Among Major Traders Beef and Veal /1 Pork /1 Broiler and Turkey /2 Combined 8% 12% 12% 13% 16% 14% 27% 34% 33% 32% 34% 34% 37% 38% 38% 35% 35% 34% 24% 28% 28% 27% 28% 27% Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.199 7. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . and results of office research.299 77.335 3.547 102.361 2.

elevated feed costs and the government’s plan to slaughter lower-performing cows. increased slaughter and price-competitiveness in the global meat market particularly vis-à-vis Brazil. Russia and the United States are raised on stronger demand that is unmet by domestic supplies. Venezuela is revised lower to 285. Both the 2011 and 2012 calf crops are revised lower. South Korea is revised upward to 340.2 million tons on improved pasture conditions and fodders supplies resulting in historically high carcass weights.0 million tons. India’s FMD status remains a significant hurdle to expanding their market access. The export forecast is revised 497.S. Imports by Venezuela. Australia’s production is increased slightly to 2.000 tons as improved pasture conditions late last year delayed some slaughter until 2012 and boosted carcass weights. Egypt’s recent outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) results in a downward revision to 280. encourages producers to hold back cows and heifers. The United States is forecast slightly higher to 11. As exports account for 44 percent of production. the 2011 calf crop is the smallest since 1950.5 million tons based on an expanding dairy herd.BEEF AND VEAL: 2012 REVISED FROM OCTOBER Global beef production in 2012 is virtually unchanged from the last forecast at 57.000 tons higher to 1.000 tons to 1. Australia and New Zealand coupled with historical revisions to Belarus and Pakistan which resulted in an increased forecast. Columbia. growth in exports underpins production increases.5 million tons making it the world’s leader. the Middle East and Africa have bolstered an increase in the number of export orientated slaughterhouses.5 million tons as cattle placed on feed in late 2011 due to drought are marketed in early 2012.000 tons offset by increased imports to fulfill demand. New Zealand is also revised higher to 652.3 million tons as profitability in the dairy industry. primarily in Southeast Asia.7 million tons fueled by India.000 tons. There have been historical revisions to the supply-demand balances for several countries on the basis of new data and are detailed in the Notes to Readers.000 tons higher to a record 8. World’s Largest Beef Exporter: India India’s exports are revised 250.000 tons on higher slaughter reflecting large inventories. of which beef is a byproduct. U. Russia is lowered 45. Expanding demand from price sensitive importers. low cattle prices. beef production is lowered slightly. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .000 tons) to 3. World Production Virtually Unchanged as Only India Achieves Significant Gains India is forecast significantly higher (220. exports remain virtually unchanged.

000 tons. Taiwan’s increased ractopamine residue testing on imported beef will adversely impact imports which are dropped 25.Increased production in Australia and New Zealand will boost supplies and exports are raised to 1. Venezuela’s renewal of trade relations with Columbia will facilitate higher imports which are forecast to rise to 325.000 tons.000 tons.4 million tons as the decline in Iranian demand will only be partially offset by gains in alternative markets such as Egypt and Venezuela.000 tons to over 1.000 tons and will also bolster live cattle shipments. Russia’s forecast is revised up by 85. South Korea’s imports are down by 30. As a result of increased domestic supplies.000 tons to 445. imports are raised by 166.S. Brazil’s exports are revised marginally lower to nearly 1.000 tons to 390. respectively.000 tons. particularly for manufacturing beef. will outweigh the higher Australian dollar and support higher exports to the United States. adjusted import tariffs to support more live cattle imports instead of beef. up 125. EU exports are lowered by 20.000 tons to 100.000 tons from October. Strong U. demand. shipments are expected to remain steady as a result of a weak dollar.4 million tons and 544.1 million tons as tight domestic supplies. and live cattle (for slaughter in Venezuela) will be sourced from both Columbia and Brazil. Revisions to historical trade estimates for Belarus generate an increase in the forecast for Russian imports.S. a key market. World Imports Bolstered by Rising Demand U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . U.1 million tons due to lower production and new market access conditions upon WTO accession. strong demand and ample Oceania supplies offset a weak dollar.000 tons as Turkey. Columbia’s renewal of trade relations with Venezuela will enable their exports to rebound to 100. Supplies will also come from Brazil.000 tons to 1.

This growth outweighs lower production by small operations and private households. World Production Raised for Nearly All Major Producers China is forecast up 320. EU is raised 135. Russia is raised 80.0 million tons with more demand from virtually all major importing countries. Also. World Imports Raised. Greater volumes are expected from Mexico.000 tons on strong demand unmet by domestic production.000 tons higher at 550. while imports are lowered slightly. is slowed by tight supplies of sows and lower breeding productivity. The United States is forecast up 96. U.6 million tons as rising producer returns stimulated the use of higher quality feeds.000 tons to 982.000 tons reflecting greater access to more competitively priced foreign supplies under the new tariff-rate-quotas (TRQs) and less restrictive sanitary commitments mandated by WTO Accession.000 tons to 1.S. likely caused by industry restructuring.000 tons to 51. up 35. and the United States account for most of the growth.000 tons to 22.4 million tons.000 tons given slower than expected domestic production recovery.6 million tons on higher than expected swine breeding efficiency. Led by Russia and East Asia Russia is up 200.000 tons from the last forecast to 104.000 tons as herd re-building. Disease outbreaks are reportedly milder and less prevalent because of favorable weather and vaccination efforts. There have been historical revisions to the supply-demand balances for several countries on the basis of new data and are detailed in the Notes to Readers. due to heavier slaughter weights brought about by improved production practices and growth from the export segment of the industry. Exports are raised 440.PORK: 2012 REVISED FROM OCTOBER Global pork production in 2012 is revised upward 924. South Korea is forecast 50.000 tons to 7.000 tons to 900. large-scale swine operations aided by government support. China is raised 90. following the foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak. South Korea is down 28.000 tons to 2. the EU.1 million tons on expansion of modern.6 million tons on increased sow productivity and slightly heavier weights.000 tons to 10. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . the implementation of free trade agreements with the EU and the United States makes imports more competitive with domestic supplies.2 million tons. production and exports are forecast higher. China.000 tons to 650. Government supports also encourage expansion and improved swine genetics.

3 million tons on stronger demand from the processing sector.000 tons to 2. Brazil is raised 45. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . World Exports Higher.000 tons to 1. Canada is raised 25.000 tons to 215.000 tons as the relatively weak dollar makes U. and new market access to China and the United States. Led by the United States and the EU EU is revised up 250. Ukraine.000 tons.000 tons higher to 2.4 million tons on expanding East Asian and North American demand supported by a relatively weak dollar and more competitive prices. United States imports are lowered marginally to 365.Japan is raised 40.S.000 tons to 615. The United States is forecast 95. Higher volumes are expected to East Asia as a weaker Euro and Danish Kroner vis-à-vis Brazil and Canada give the EU a comparative advantage.1 million because of greater access to the Russian market following their WTO Accession.000 tons due to larger shipments to Hong Kong. pork more competitive.

3 million tons as a result of higher feed costs and falling demand due to an overvalued currency and sanitary restrictions by trading partners. China is revised downward to 13.2 million tons.000 tons to 3. Greater vertical integration and robust demand fueled by an expanding middle-class and changing tastes and preferences support increasing production.2 million tons as a consequence of higher feed and operating costs.7 million tons.9 million tons on stronger domestic and foreign demand. Brazil is revised downward 352. There have been historical revisions to the supply-demand balances for several countries on the basis of new data and are detailed in the Notes to Readers.000 tons from the last forecast to 82.000 tons due to mounting demand from the Middle East.2 million tons. The upward revision in the Russian TRQ quantity compared to the October forecast also supports greater exports. World exports are virtually unchanged as an increase in the United States offsets a decrease in Brazil.000 tons to a record 1. despite termination of government feed subsidies. Turkey is revised higher 37. EU is virtually unchanged at 9. U. production is revised downward.000 tons to 230. The United States is revised lower by 202.S.BROILER MEAT: 2012 REVISED FROM OCTOBER Global broiler meat production is revised downward 881. Russian delisting of eligible plants and South African anti-dumping duties also continue to depress shipments. Greater pork supplies and competitive prices are generating cutbacks in poultry production due to concerns of oversupply and weakening prices. World Production Expands Despite Challenges India is revised higher 450.6 million tons as higher feed costs and regional economic uncertainty continue to discourage expansion.000 tons to a record 3.3 million tons based on less competitive prices resulting from an appreciating currency. Global economic growth and a relatively weak dollar is expected to support increases in exports to a wide number of countries.000 tons to 13.000 tons to 16.4 million tons as relatively higher feed costs will dampen expansion despite rising broiler meat prices. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . while exports are up. World Exports Virtually Unchanged as United States Increase Offsets Brazil Decline The United States is revised upward 125. Brazil is revised lower 150.000 tons to nearly 3. Argentina is revised upward 75.

016 999 1.211 1. 2/ From 2009.352 8. and results of office research.360 1.469 Total 58.414 1.404 1.403 12.942 1.170 1.995 China 6.436 1.340 Canada 1.764 5.371 1.451 56.033 1.505 2.040 44.239 12.070 44.906 10.001 none Total Dom.905 1.481 Argentina 2.885 7.727 2.200 Others 9.178 44.252 7.667 1.880 1.620 2.592 7.048 8.500 5.606 Others Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.173 1.514 2.388 1.252 1.730 7.147 7.210 EU-27 8.698 55.641 8.217 55.262 8.463 11.374 7.842 3.705 56.935 9.030 8.490 1.825 1.200 1.159 2.649 55.359 Total 57.302 44.486 2.441 2.505 2.080 5.435 1.357 Japan 1.238 1.129 2.010 1.150 2. official statistics.600 5.163 11.880 Pakistan 1.170 3.710 8.544 India 2.382 57.505 Argentina 3.707 2.830 Pakistan 1.322 India 1.180 2.891 12.997 11.030 10.000 Metric Tons (Carcass Weight Equivalent) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Production Brazil 9.039 11.598 Total Foreign 45.Beef and Veal Selected Countries Summary 1.708 Total Foreign 46.948 7.920 EU-27 8.491 44. Notes: 1/ May contain meat of other bovines.925 1.980 Mexico 2.532 United States 12.950 2.115 9.272 1.845 1.020 1.256 Canada 1.233 1.302 2.798 57.910 China 6.435 1.397 1.000 7.400 1. Turkey is excluded.400 Russia 1.150 3.552 2.589 5. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .247 United States 12.700 1.212 44.325 2.460 1.891 45.971 1.600 2.520 5.513 Russia 2.880 1.158 11.523 5.289 1.751 1.888 56.219 45.335 45.078 10.225 1.687 10.526 10.182 57.278 8. Consumption Brazil 7.803 8.491 10.944 1.731 2.036 1.830 8.749 5.210 9.279 2.600 Australia 2.021 1.550 5.117 56.200 Mexico 1.030 9.380 2.913 8.385 1.530 2.910 7.441 1.285 3.658 11.291 45.047 11.132 5.090 7.024 8.087 2.470 1.

043 1.728 Others Total Foreign United States Total Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.857 5.823 6.236 United States 1.890 6. official statistics.364 1.152 6.042 933 948 1.145 Japan 659 697 721 745 725 756 Vietnam 200 270 223 350 325 400 Korea.092 1.000 Metric Tons (Carcass Weight Equivalent) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Imports Russia 1.873 6. and results of office research.151 1.650 5. South 295 315 366 431 420 390 EU-27 466 497 437 366 375 360 Venezuela 320 250 143 200 200 325 Mexico 408 322 296 265 270 300 Canada 230 247 243 282 270 280 Egypt 166 180 260 217 250 230 Saudi Arabia 112 119 158 180 165 195 1. 2/ From 2009.855 Total Foreign 5. Notes: 1/ May contain meat of other bovines.631 6.350 New Zealand 533 514 530 503 504 544 Canada 494 480 523 426 450 450 EU-27 204 148 338 448 465 445 Uruguay 361 376 347 305 320 315 Argentina 423 655 298 254 300 280 Mexico 42 51 103 148 235 250 Belarus 91 158 181 210 135 220 718 680 660 626 542 688 6.746 6.700 1.250 1.100 7.053 1.191 1.380 1.155 8.801 1.368 1.866 8.951 1.114 Total 7.057 6.236 7.231 8.407 1.773 1.375 1.130 1.350 Others none Total Exports India 672 609 917 1.425 Brazil 1.275 1.651 7.Beef and Veal Selected Countries Summary 1.509 7.075 1.340 1.228 1.492 905 878 1.841 6. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .525 Australia 1.990 7.981 7.220 1.410 1.265 1.060 1. Turkey is excluded.558 1.008 6.915 6.891 2.596 1.

364 Taiwan 897 925 901 894 846 921 Others 6.539 1.013 8.488 2.599 10.657 Total Foreign 87.004 51.517 6.835 2. official statistics.182 1.967 93.311 Russia 1.130 3.726 2.842 2.070 49.240 1.195 3.950 Total Foreign 89.960 2.434 22.358 1.486 6.442 10.286 102.339 8. Consumption China 46.423 2.905 51.348 5.500 51.562 Total 97.466 10.225 1.255 1.577 2.398 102.789 1.292 1.121 91.719 2.582 5.841 20.332 10.644 2.165 1.000 Canada 1.596 22.275 Philippines 1.990 2.062 1.571 22.505 Russia 2.736 1.930 1.999 Brazil 2.849 6.157 50.227 3.595 20.653 8.481 97.510 1.298 1.487 1.260 1.299 United States 8.480 22.486 2.357 none Total Dom. South 1.319 5.947 94.310 1.519 1.880 1.934 100.110 837 1.015 3.770 1. South 1.Pork Selected Countries Summary 1.010 982 Others 5.020 2.960 1.270 1.621 6.719 2.995 1.850 1.280 1.330 92.205 48.795 United States 10.920 1.105 92.910 1.615 Brazil 3.690 1.467 2.385 94.902 101.605 1.526 8.662 103.750 22.056 1.995 2.774 1.024 21.813 9.826 100.433 104.035 Mexico 1.267 1.528 Vietnam 1.936 1.828 6.684 101.522 2.823 51.186 10.227 90.480 1.000 Metric Tons (Carcass Weight Equivalent) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Production China 46.600 EU-27 22.265 Mexico 1.940 2.786 1.031 92.436 5.432 5.530 Philippines 1.215 Korea.547 102.100 Vietnam 1.716 91.265 1.755 1.180 1.354 1.564 20.697 Japan 2.358 1. and results of office research Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .280 51.775 Japan 1.844 1.940 1.295 3.249 1.372 95.772 1.775 Korea.995 EU-27 21.058 20.898 103.770 1.765 1.780 Total Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.560 51.489 2.162 1.390 2.161 1.691 48.

545 6.982 6.250 Russia 1.129 1.000 Metric Tons (Carcass Weight Equivalent) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Imports Japan 1.138 1.595 6.198 1.106 876 916 946 700 900 China 709 270 415 758 560 650 Mexico 535 678 687 594 650 650 Korea.626 4.404 Total 6.900 2.816 4.161 4.123 1.204 1.473 6.241 5.210 1.581 United States 2.125 Canada 1.864 5.081 United States 377 378 390 364 374 365 6.077 6.644 6. South 430 390 382 640 500 550 Hong Kong 346 369 347 432 380 400 Canada 194 180 183 204 190 215 Australia 152 176 183 175 180 185 Belarus 66 30 95 125 130 125 Ukraine 238 186 146 119 100 120 Others 821 854 921 984 1.036 Total Foreign 5.147 5.Pork Selected Countries Summary 1.018 6.916 2.863 6. official statistics and results of office research Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .195 5.356 2.085 3.309 2.254 1.044 1.525 5.267 1.446 Total none Total Exports EU-27 1.415 1.197 1.160 1.159 1.985 Ukraine Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.236 4.673 6.727 1.755 2.231 5.110 1.857 1.175 Brazil 625 707 619 584 570 615 China 223 232 278 244 280 255 Chile 142 152 130 139 145 145 Mexico 91 70 78 86 75 90 Belarus 54 31 62 78 20 80 Australia 48 40 41 41 42 42 0 0 1 17 13 15 Vietnam 11 13 14 8 10 10 Others 35 33 24 28 21 29 Total Foreign 4.

470 13.003 13.726 66.275 1.796 16.829 79.650 2.190 Russia 2.115 South Africa 1.500 1.220 9. Notes: 1/ Chicken paws are excluded.605 13.065 2.023 12.200 Mexico 2.750 3.412 1.489 2.900 2.850 Turkey 1.420 12.312 12.327 1.567 77.561 15.420 1.185 Japan 1.694 16.280 1.603 16.863 13.725 Argentina 1.524 1.409 1.490 2.570 1.563 16.475 1.465 13.457 13.935 16.465 1.170 1.250 1.753 81.961 3.619 14. official statistics.494 3.304 17.461 Total Foreign 58.166 63.040 3.687 13.126 63.750 2.102 9.633 1.594 8.193 Others none Total Dom.033 11.074 82.401 Total 72.471 65.680 1.648 2.430 1.730 Brazil 11.099 3. and results of office research.310 2.560 1.Broiler Meat Selected Countries Summary 1.060 2.546 India 2.925 Russia 1.770 1.792 United States 16.630 9.470 3.465 1.350 1.792 8.550 13.575 2.591 81.264 3.954 12.072 76.428 1.969 19.282 Others Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.132 9.729 80.645 10.540 1.138 9.515 1.515 1.000 Metric Tons (Ready to Cook Equivalent) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Production China 11.841 2.936 68.632 61.302 57.745 3.210 12.630 1.540 1.982 2.015 13.518 Brazil 7.632 Argentina 1.680 2. Consumption China 11.781 2.435 12.579 8.840 12.978 2.269 Total 72.602 13.075 2.540 Thailand 1.281 3.800 13.013 United States 13.540 15.756 9.280 Mexico 3.650 1.550 2.853 2.355 1.716 60.219 17.420 83.250 EU-27 8.202 9.200 13.151 73.936 EU-27 8.900 2.610 Indonesia 1.606 13.946 13.655 13.170 1.147 68.443 1.687 Indonesia 1.435 1.100 12.775 1.662 13.032 9.614 1.359 65. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .420 9.549 2.364 3.863 73.051 18.892 2.350 1.600 India 2.822 2.926 1.954 9.087 2.200 1.865 Total Foreign 56.710 8.890 2.

and results of office research.297 Total Foreign 7.557 6.039 3.596 9.120 1.179 5.069 3.181 3.025 8.465 3.992 3.171 3.977 8.905 3.479 United States 3. official statistics. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . Notes: 1/ Chicken paws are excluded.157 3.242 2.711 United States 43 45 48 49 47 47 7.164 Total 8.758 Total none Total Exports Brazil 3.367 9.049 2.219 3.741 7.315 EU-27 727 765 929 1.000 Metric Tons (Ready to Cook Equivalent) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Imports Japan 737 645 789 895 805 840 Saudi Arabia 510 605 681 788 880 832 EU-27 712 719 681 718 710 740 Mexico 433 492 549 578 625 630 Russia 1.513 8.417 8.060 Thailand 383 379 432 467 500 500 China 285 291 379 423 445 445 Argentina 164 178 214 210 225 250 42 86 110 206 193 230 152 147 147 155 155 155 63 87 79 90 117 100 7 21 38 70 15 80 Kuwait 70 70 71 70 70 70 Others 125 163 199 250 252 274 Total Foreign 5.306 8.604 7.649 8.464 8.036 1.196 6.260 5.380 3.170 3.779 6.Broiler Meat Selected Countries Summary 1.093 3.237 3.166 929 656 500 354 510 Iraq 227 397 337 419 290 440 Hong Kong 236 253 295 410 260 430 Vietnam 211 201 291 317 350 350 United Arab Emirates 289 297 289 314 360 342 Angola 171 161 239 288 245 300 Others 3.272 8.643 Turkey Canada Chile Belarus Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.848 9.259 8.784 7.

404 2.143 5.483 2.835 1.057 5.000 Metric Tons (Ready to Cook Equivalent) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct none Production EU-27 1.567 Total 5.363 2.541 2.850 Brazil 281 261 302 327 365 389 Mexico 211 212 155 163 169 173 Canada 150 163 151 143 145 145 Russia 105 107 72 105 123 140 China 35 50 32 32 41 51 South Africa 47 38 34 34 37 38 Others 23 nr nr nr nr nr Total Foreign 2. official statistics.737 United States 2.911 1.946 1.719 2.795 1.664 2.Turkey Meat Selected Countries Summary 1.910 Brazil 458 465 466 485 505 531 Canada 170 180 167 159 160 162 Russia 30 39 31 70 90 110 Mexico 15 15 11 11 10 10 South Africa 7 7 8 8 8 8 China 5 5 5 6 6 6 Others 4 nr nr nr nr nr Total Foreign 2.786 United States 2.337 5.621 2.801 1.760 2.434 2.100 4.593 2. Consumption EU-27 1.020 5.084 Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.910 5.298 Total 5.685 2.312 5. 2/ 'nr' = 'no data'.535 2.305 2.025 5. and results of office research.769 1.796 2.526 2.880 1.211 5.830 1.666 2.547 2.018 5.479 2. Notes: 1/ From 2008.297 2.715 2. Taiwan is excluded.304 none Total Dom. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .790 1.940 1.

Taiwan is excluded. official statistics. Notes: 1/ From 2008.Turkey Meat Selected Countries Summary 1. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . and results of office research.000 Metric Tons (Ready to Cook Equivalent) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct none Total Imports Mexico 196 197 144 153 160 164 EU-27 103 125 112 99 90 90 China 30 45 27 26 35 45 Russia 75 68 41 35 33 30 South Africa 40 31 26 26 29 30 Canada 9 9 8 8 8 8 Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 nr nr nr nr nr Total Foreign 472 475 358 347 355 367 United States 7 6 9 11 10 9 479 481 367 358 365 376 Others Total none Total Exports EU-27 124 120 106 134 150 150 Brazil 177 204 164 158 140 142 27 25 25 24 25 25 Mexico 0 0 0 1 1 1 China 0 0 0 0 0 0 Russia 0 0 0 0 0 0 South Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 Others 0 nr nr nr nr nr Total Foreign 328 349 295 317 316 318 United States 248 306 242 264 295 281 Total 576 655 537 581 611 599 Canada Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.

837 88.766 1.633 21.665 280.600 40.925 197. official statistics.400 Australia 9.944 104.695 35.550 China 105.546 21.384 277.586 7.231 1.775 30.500 Argentina 55.010.192 21.800 Mexico 22.125 New Zealand 4.869 9.156 48.600 12.060 1.445 Others Total Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.Cattle Selected Countries Summary (in 1.800 Russia 7.760 4.875 7.450 90.446 4.900 316.750 86.690 China 45.000 61.297 Colombia 30.387 16.200 63.269 930.600 27. Turkey is excluded.035 94.025 929.981 286.300 5.000 6.389 6.040 27.323 EU-27 89.965 245.850 22.615 12.523 4.079 10.418 309.970 19.125 5.870 13.360 42.845 30.939 35. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .500 63.724 245.576 41. Notes: 1/ May contain other bovines.280 197.195 12.350 29.005 15.075 20.945 United States 36.430 104.260 49.971 30.790 926.023.472 1.500 40.515 Others 86.000 12.800 13.400 320.800 6. Stks India 304.400 Brazil 49.881 92.090 Russia 21. From 2010.530 4.437 179.453 56.700 34.029.925 Total Foreign 259.300 87.445 50.800 324.851 none Production (Calf Crop) India 60.500 28.300 324.666 22.662 54.082 Total Foreign United States Total 96.907 26.988 245.000 29.153 35.245 916. 2/ From 2008.722 105.850 30.043 88.116 75. and results of office research.032 933.900 12.000 head) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Cattle Beg.719 1.500 61.747 4.900 40.445 241.313 34.670 5.780 10.993 10.500 295.540 185.754 6.490 Brazil 175.682 91.150 5.845 6.500 49.600 Argentina 14.350 919.948 105.049 16.321 27.814 103.375 Mexico 6.437 85. Nicaragua and South Africa are excluded.800 Colombia 5.700 62.905 12.204 55.769 1.677 19.200 49. From 2009.301 280.057 48.575 Canada 13.456 20.856 49.419 281.127 16.950 EU-27 30.095 30.457 12.900 6.521 93. Philippines is excluded.896 30.910 Australia 28.040 20.017.100 30.880 25.600 19.200 5.050 49.478 56.000 11.800 6.828 250.012.020.750 29.952 6.145 7.159 190.989 57.150 49.

327 2.813 3.048 2.025 2. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .043 688 760 905 United States 2.427 4.359 4.284 2.653 Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.065 696 600 700 EU-27 376 403 623 811 700 600 Brazil 414 530 655 405 600 500 Uruguay 169 207 227 175 210 225 9 5 24 61 100 200 China 33 29 36 32 29 33 New Zealand 17 13 27 34 30 30 2 4 0 4 0 4 95 109 2 1 1 1 4.425 1. Turkey is excluded. official statistics.002 2. other bovines.320 4.795 4. From 2009.795 2.301 4.261 1.598 1.435 1.435 Australia 869 954 875 695 700 700 1.886 4. and results of office research.535 4.395 4.000 head) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Imports Venezuela 306 407 612 320 400 500 Russia 58 49 38 95 55 100 China 15 47 85 91 100 97 Egypt 17 45 140 70 90 95 Canada 49 54 56 73 60 60 Mexico 90 20 25 16 20 20 Brazil 70 65 68 5 15 15 Japan 20 16 16 12 15 13 Ukraine 3 2 1 3 1 3 Belarus 1 0 1 1 1 1 135 106 1 2 3 1 Total Foreign 764 811 1.540 4. Nicaragua and South Africa are excluded. Philippines is excluded.955 Others none Total Exports Mexico 738 980 1. From 2010.785 2.Cattle Selected Countries Summary (in 1.050 Total 3.067 1. Notes: 1/ May contain 2/ From 2008.284 2.349 4.107 2.428 Canada Colombia Ukraine Others Total Foreign United States Total 107 58 91 191 140 225 4.

384 Brazil 32.007 9.472 30.233 718.887 3.291 727.951 781.215.148 64.200 Mexico 15.768 9.110 Total Foreign United States Total 115.025 5.144 1.085.401 9.000 EU-27 258.300 16.115.792 14.200 263.895 11.526 7.835 11. Taiwan.731 4.500 Korea.231 17.115 459.509 28.412 2. South 13.507 4.350 16.966 16.340 EU-27 159.101.923 13.652 38.925 65.336 Russia 16.542 113.700 Russia 26.845 35.200 7.980 Belarus 4.577 7.080 5.400 257.800 660.924 15.000 17.200.817 655.892 35.177 67.622 657.916 14.100 148.721 8.647 28.545 17. From 2009.Swine Selected Countries Summary (in 1.400 1.810 1.979 9.300 17.200 16.308 14.400 1.810 12.500 32.479 Belarus 3.003 2.704 3.449 6.989 Others 5.196.631 1.742 8.400 2.450 1.289 2.960 7.398 Total Foreign United States Total 68.700 37.000 Brazil 34.619 7.165 17.487 117.223 8.524 796.880 3.020 6.500 17.800 9.067 152. official statistics.895 462.079.820 8.000 9.899 10.745 9.850 66.638 28.496 1.276 Korea.759 none Production (Pig Crop) China 636. the Philippines.712 735.800 4.600 13.055.050 117.960 17.232.620 677.950 5.026 715.075 5.200 258.625 4.960 477.000 261.122 36.900 4.198 150.000 head) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Beginning Stocks China 439.240 9.599 799.782 3.171 Ukraine 7.410 785.570 7.072.170.732 153.030 114.330 Canada 13.236 17.773 149.282 38.439 792. and Vietnam are excluded.085 1.598 3.526 1.905 12.470 690. Chile is excluded.116 1.890 36.685 115.700 17. Notes: 1/ From 2008.750 37.704 1.947 33.361 774.730 Mexico 9.450 28.970 37.310 8.000 Canada 31.674 730.343 706.297 28.913 469.146 473.246 1.700 262. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .900 Ukraine 6.180 11.650 31. South 8.176 7.020 Japan 9.220 Others 9.806 8.798 29.340 16.226 Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.467 4.887 64. and results of office research.187.400 8.800 Japan 16.302 2.085 29.

South 0 0 0 0 0 0 Others 0 0 0 0 0 0 12.302 848 834 908 930 9.202 728 670 810 775 Ukraine 86 77 90 112 60 115 Mexico 80 7 9 12 15 15 China 12 6 6 15 12 12 Korea.800 10.600 EU-27 1.628 1.602 1.508 2.860 Source: USDA-FAS attache reports.761 5.879 9.Swine Selected Countries Summary (in 1. official statistics.041 8.633 6. and results of office research.215 9.400 Brazil 1 1 1 6 0 8 Russia 0 1 1 1 1 1 Ukraine 0 0 1 1 0 1 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 Belarus 0 3 54 0 0 0 Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea.740 5.608 10.597 6.645 1.700 1. Taiwan. the Philippines.796 5.468 1.730 Total Foreign United States Total none Total Exports Canada 9.820 China 1.830 Total Foreign United States Total 97 21 15 30 24 30 12. Notes: 1/ From 2008. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .365 5. From 2009.097 8.511 10.749 5.376 5.600 1.211 1.357 6.821 5.348 6. Chile is excluded.306 7.667 6.630 6.194 9.582 1. South 2 0 2 16 5 5 Canada 2 3 3 3 2 3 Belarus 2 3 2 2 2 2 Brazil 1 0 5 2 0 1 EU-27 2 3 2 1 1 1 Japan 0 1 1 1 1 1 Others 1 0 0 0 0 0 958 1.909 9. and Vietnam are excluded.082 8.065 8.636 1.725 5.000 head) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oct 2012 Apr none Total Imports Russia 770 1.

historical PSDs for broiler meat are revised for Bahrain (2002-2010). Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 . the Bahamas (1998-2010). the Netherlands Antilles (1998-2008). and consumption provide an overview. Macau (1999-2010). Oman (1998-2010). • Iran – Based on additional analysis and information. Gabon (1998-2009). • Multiple Countries – Based on new trade data. Georgia (1998-2010). PSDs for cattle and beef are revised from 1988 to present. the Dominican Republic (2002-2010). Broiler Meat: • Australia – Based on additional analysis and information. • Multiple Countries – Based on new trade and/or production data. Swine/Pork: • Belarus – Based on additional analysis and information. Macedonia (1998-2009). • Belarus – Based on additional analysis and information. Data Modifications Cattle/Beef: • Belarus –Based on additional analysis and information. Armenia (1998-2010). Gabon (1998-2009). Jamaica (1998-2010). PSDs for broiler meat are revised from 1997 to present. historical PSDs for beef are revised for Albania (1998-2010). Georgia (1998-2010). Israel (2000-2010). and turkey meat trade. exports. Iraq (2002-2011). Georgia (1998-2010). Moldova (1998-2010). historical PSDs for pork are revised for Albania (1998-2010). Pakistan (2003-2010) and Saudi Arabia (1998-2010). Macedonia (2000-2009). Ghana (2006-2010). Summary tables for meat production. Lebanon (1998-2010). Macedonia (1998-2009). Russia (1998-2010). PSDs for broiler meat are revised from 1988 to present. PSDs for swine and pork are revised from 1998 to present. Bosnia & Herzegovina (2003-2010). Bosnia & Herzegovina (2003-2010). and Trinidad & Tobago (1998-2010). Kyrgyzstan (2005-2010). Gabon (1998-2009). Turkey Meat: • Data has not been revised since the October 2011 release. Kuwait (2000-2010). PSDs for pork are revised from 2006 to present. • Multiple Countries – Based on new trade and/or production data. Moldova (1998-2010) and Russia (1998-2010). • Russia – Based on additional analysis and information. Jamaica (1999-2010). pork. PSDs for beef are revised from 1988 to present. broiler meat. PSDs for broiler meat are revised from 2000 to present. EU-27 (1999-2010).Notes to Readers The Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade circular is designed to give a snapshot of the current situation among the major players in world beef. • Taiwan – Based on additional analysis and information. imports. the Dominican Republic (2002-2010).

0207.fas.35 Frozen: 0207. Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .32. and skin.usda.gov/dlp/livestock_poultry.27. head. CWE is the weight of an animal after slaughter and removal of most internal organs. Technical Notes CWE/PWE: All quantities (beef and pork) noted are in Carcass Weight Equivalent (CWE) unless otherwise noted as Product Weight Equivalent (PWE).gov/psdonline. 021019.34. FMD): Forecast reflects policies currently in place as a result of outbreaks as of April 10.usda. 0210. 020319 Frozen: 020321.ers. 0207.12.32.S. FAS Reports from Overseas Offices The Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade circular is based on post reports submitted since January 2012 and on available secondary information. 2012.asp.Conversion Rates Beef &Veal 1. chicken paws are excluded and carabeef (buffalo meat) is included. livestock and poultry can be obtained from the USDAEconomic Research Service at: http://www. 020329 Processed: 021011. 020322.99 Pork 1.usda.13 Frozen: 0207. 0207. 0207.31 Note: There are several exceptions by country/product. PWE is the actual weight of the meat product exported. PSD Online can be reached through http://www.33.26.30 Fresh/Chilled: 020311. Users can use this system to generate the full set of PSD data for those countries reporting. 0207. In general.11.S. 160242. PSD Online The entire USDA PSD database is available electronically on PSD Online.gov/Publications/LDP/. Other Diseases (AI. 021012. Livestock and Poultry website at: http://www. 0207. The individual country reports can be obtained on FAS Online at: http://www.fas. H1N1.24. 160241. 160249 Turkey Meat 1 Fresh/Chilled: 0207. 2012. Situation and outlook information on U.fas. Assumptions • • BSE: Forecast assumes a continuation of trade policies due to BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) currently in place by U. and Canadian trading partners as of April 10. 0207.36 Processed: 1602.40 Fresh/Chilled: 0201 Frozen: 0202 Processed: 021020 & 160250 Conversion Rate HS Codes Conversion Rate HS Codes Broiler Meat 1 Fresh/Chilled: 0207.14 Processed and Salted: 1602. 020312.asp for additional data and analysis. 0207. 0207.25.usda. Additional Resources Please refer to the USDA-FAS Dairy.gov/scriptsw/attacherep/default.

fas.asp to view archived and future releases.usda.gov Poultry (Broiler.usda. Questions may be directed to the following staff: Lesley Ahmed (202) 720-2781 Lesley.usda.gov/dlp/livestock_poultry.Future Releases and Contact Information Please visit http://www.usda.Ahmed@fas. The next release of this circular will be in October 2012.gov Swine and Pork Claire Mezoughem (202) 720-7715 Claire.Norrington@fas.Sandoval@fas.usda.Mezoughem@fas.gov Red Meats Lazaro Sandoval (202) 690-8478 Lazaro. Turkey and Other Poultry products) Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA Office of Global Analysis April 2012 .gov Cattle and Beef Bryan Norrington (202) 690-5611 Bryan.