Climate Change Stakeholders Report for Pakistan

Final Report
June 2010

CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS.....................................................................................................iii 1 INTRODUCTION AND ESSENTIAL BACKGROUND...........................................................................1 1.1. Introduction...................................................................................................................................1 1.2. Background...................................................................................................................................1 2 ------.......................................................................................................................................................1 3 SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS.....................................................................................................................1 3.1 Climatic Concerns and Impacts on Pakistan...................................................................................1 3.2 Policy Context.................................................................................................................................3 3. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIES AND PROFILE OF STAKEHOLDERS WORKING ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN PAKISTAN...........................................................................................................................5 3.3 National...........................................................................................................................................5 3.4 INTERNATIONAL.........................................................................................................................17 4 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CLIMATE CHANGE WORK IN PAKISTAN........................................................29 4.1 National.........................................................................................................................................29 4.2 International..................................................................................................................................70 5 CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED MANDATE AND POTENTIAL ROLE OF PARTNERS......................86 6 CONTACT INFORMATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE STAKEHOLDERS.............................................96

ii

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
ADB ADP AEDB ALGAS °C CBD CDM COP ENERCON FFC GDP GHG GoP HDIP ICIMOD IPCC IUCN IUCN MoE MOP NARC NCCW NDMA NEQS NGO NIO Pak EPA PARC PCRET PCRWR PEPAC PEPCO PFI PIDE PMD PPIB PYCN QMMB SBSTA SDPI SUPARCO TAP-CC TFCC TPAs UNCCD UNFCCC WAPDA Asian Development Bank Annual Development Programme Alternate Energy Development Board Asia Least- Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy Degree Celsius United Nation’s Convention on Biological Diversity Clean Development Mechanism Conference of Parties National Energy Conservation Centre Federal Flood Commission Gross Domestic Product Greenhouse Gas Government of Pakistan Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change International Union for Conservation of Nature International Union for Conservation of Nature Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan Meeting of Parties National Agricultural Research Center National Council for Conservation of Wildlife in Pakistan National Disaster Management Authority National Environmental Quality Standards Non Governmental Organization National Institute for Oceanography Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Pakistan Agriculture Research Council Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies Pakistan Council for Research on Water Resources Pakistan Environmental Planning and Architectural Consultants Limited Pakistan Electric Power Company (Private) Limited Pakistan Forest Institute Pakistan Institute for Development Economics Pakistan Meteorological Department Private Power Infrastructure Board Pakistan Youth Climate Change Network Quaid-i-Azam Mazar Management Board Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice Sustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission Technical Advisory Panel on Climate Change Planning Commission’s task Force on Climate Change Thematic Priority Areas United Nation’s Convention to Combat Desertification United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority

iii

WB WRRI WWF ZSD

World Bank Water Resources Research Institute World Wide Fund for Nature Zoological Survey Department

iv

1 INTRODUCTION AND ESSENTIAL BACKGROUND
Climate change is posing a real threat to economies and the developing countries are particularly vulnerable. Global warming and the associated changes in precipitation, unexpected and extreme weather events, glacier melt and sea level rise are causing considerable direct and indirect impacts on various socio-economic and environmental sectors (such as water, agriculture, health, biodiversity / ecosystems and land resources), and are posing increasing threat to already stressed livelihoods, thus hindering the development process. Besides being highly vulnerability, the adaptive capacity of human systems is low in the developing countries of Asia particularly. This is due to the high levels of poverty, fragile natural resources based economies and low resilience to changing conditions. 1.1. Introduction Pakistan is situated between the latitudes of 24° and 37° north and longitudes of 61° to 75° east, stretching over 1600 kilometers from north to south and 885 kilometers from east to west. The country is a natural resource based economy, with more than a quarter of its land area (22.2 million ha.) under agricultural use. Due to its highly diverse physiography and climatic conditions, Pakistan is classified into eleven geographical, ten agro-ecological and nine major ecological zones. This unique geographical placement of the country exposes it to multiple threats, from glacial melt, natural disasters and droughts to sea level rise. Pakistan also has a low forest cover (4.5%), with deforestation rate as high as 0.2- 0.4 % per annum. Furthermore, the country has a highly fragile economic base. In 2007, Pakistan's Human Development Index (HDI) ranked it 0.572 (141 out of 182 countries). Per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Pakistan is ranked 125th in the world and the wealth is distributed highly unevenly. Infact one-quarter of the population in Pakistan is classified as poor (World Resource Institute, 2007). 1.2. Background

2 -----3 SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS
Anthropogenic climate change is widely recognized as a major challenge to humankind in the twenty first century. Although science is still being perfected and the jury is out, there is ample scientific evidence to suggest that climate change is there and has far reaching and direct adverse impact on economies, societies and ecosystems, especially on the lives of people throughout the world. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenario studies show that without additional mitigation climate policies, global mean temperature change could range from 1.1 ºC to 6.4 ºC by the end of the century compared to 1980-99 3.1 Climatic Concerns and Impacts on Pakistan Diverse geography coupled with high levels of poverty and fragile economic base has rendered Pakistan especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. According to a vulnerability index published by a group of researchers (Maplecroft, 2007), Pakistan has been rated as the 12th most vulnerable country to climate change. More serious concerns have been identified after considerations to the economics of climate

1

change. It has been estimated that the overall costs and risks of climate change will be equivalent to losing at least 5% of GDP each year. If a wider range of risks and impacts is taken into account, the estimates of damage could rise to 20% of GDP or more. The carbon sinks / forests are also degrading fast as the country and the country already has a low forest cover (4.5%) with a high rate of deforestation of about 0.2-0.4 % per annum (ALGAS, 1998) Pakistan is not a significant contributor to global GHG emissions (annual emissions of 107.5 million tones carbon dioxide equivalent in year 2002 which are 0.43% of world’s total and 135th in world’s ranking). However, the low carbon emission status of the country provides no safety from the impacts of climate change. Biodiversity and Forest Ecosystems It is being predicted that climate change has caused a shift in habitat from wet monsoon forest to savannah / rangeland. A number of species of unique flora and fauna are also at the verge of extinction, due to changes in habitat conditions. Forest lands in northern mountain areas of Pakistan would also shift from one biome to another, which would decrease the productivity of this precious resource. Water Resources Research conducted by Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) predicts that Western Himalayan glaciers will retreat for the next 50 years, and may later result in a decrease of river flows by up to 30% to 40% over the subsequent 50 years. A World Bank (WB) report stated that Pakistan is among the 17 countries that are currently facing water shortages. These facts further press on the need for developing serious concerns over climatic impacts on our resource base and economy. According to figures used by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), there has been a 0.6°C to 1.0°C rise in average temperatures since early 1900s in the coastal areas of Pakistan and a 10% to 15% decrease in precipitation in the coastal belt and hyper arid plains over the last 40 years. Agricultural Productivity and Food Security Figures used by Ministry of Food and Agriculture say that agriculture contributes to about 24% of GDP and employs 46% of the workforce in the country. Majority of the agricultural base is highly dependent of availability of adequate water and conducive climatic conditions. Climate change is negatively affecting agricultural productivity by altering bio-physical relationships, such as changing growing periods of the crops, altering schedule of cropping seasons, increasing crop stresses, changing irrigation water requirements, altering soil characteristics, and increasing risk of pests and diseases. A WB’s report says that Pakistan is among the 36 countries where there is serious threat of food crisis. Extreme Events and Natural Disasters Frequency of extreme events has also been observed in the country. The country’s worst flood was observed in river Jhelum in 1992, followed by severe urban storm flooding in Punjab in 1996 and 2003, and cloud bust in Islamabad in 2001. The country also faced the worst drought from 1998 to 2001. In 1999, a cyclone struck the southeast coast of Pakistan. The most heavy snowfall was recorded in 2005, which was also the warmest year on record. Other extreme events, such as heavy rains, flash

2

floods, dust, thunder and hail storms and heat waves have been observed in recent years. Such catastrophes have resulted in loss of thousands of precious lives and damage to property and natural resources worth billions of rupees. There has also been a visible and significant deviation of weather patterns - with early springs, shorter winter and longer summers. Health Impacts Extreme temperatures can directly cause loss of life, as warm temperatures can increase air and water pollution, which in turn harm human health. Extremely hot temperatures increase human death toll. Other impacts include those that give rise to water and food, vector and rodent borne diseases. Moreover, viral and pollen ailments have also been reported to be more common recently. Specific research on impacts of climate change on health sectors is insufficient. 3.2 Policy Context In order to be a progressive nation, safeguard its ecological integrity and ensure sustainable development, Pakistan has shown a very strong commitment to play an effective role in global efforts aiming to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Pakistan has been actively participating in the global dialogue since the historic Rio Earth Summit in 1992. The country has also effectively contributed to global dialogue on climate change, sustainable development and conservation and is a signatory to a number of conventions and protocols, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Pakistan entered in to Kyoto Protocol on 11 January 2005 and has since become eligible to benefit form carbon financing opportunities under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Pakistan formulated the National Operational Strategy for CDM in February 2006, which offers tremendous incentives to investors to generate carbon credits for reducing carbon emission from potential sectors. Pakistan has also participated in all international climate change related negotiations, including Conference of Parties (COP) to UNFCCC, Meeting of Parties (MOP) to the Kyoto Protocol and meetings of subsidiary bodies. A Task Force on Climate Change was set up by the Planning Commission of Pakistan in October 2008 with the view to take stock of country’s situation in relation to climate change; to contribute to the formulation of a climate change policy that would assist the government in achieving sustained economic growth by appropriately addressing climate change threats so as to ensure water security, food security and energy security of the country; and to recommend policy measures for promoting large scale Adaptation and Mitigation efforts, raising awareness of various stakeholders; and enhancing the capacities of relevant national institutions. The final report of the Task Force has been issued in February 2010, which describes Pakistan’s vulnerability to climate change due to impacts on various socio-economic sectors. It recommends a number of adaptation and mitigation measures based on the initial available assessment of different sectors and reviews the country’s implicit ongoing and planned responses. It also provides recommendations on issues such as much needed capacity building, needs for international cooperation and Pakistan’s

3

position in international negotiations on future climate change regime. It is hoped this report will serve as a seminal document, providing a base for further work and helping the Planning Commission and the Ministry of Environment in the formulation of National Climate Change Policy and Plan of Action. The report identifies the basic elements of Pakistan’s climate change policy for the near to medium term future. Salient among those are to: • Assist the government for sustainable economic growth by appropriately addressing the challenges posed by climate change, in particular the threats to Pakistan’s water, food and energy security; • Contribute to the international efforts to check climate change by controlling Pakistan’s own GHG emissions to the maximum extent feasible; • The report identifies the basic elements of Pakistan’s climate change policy for the near to medium term future. Salient among those are to: • Assist the government for sustainable economic growth by appropriately addressing the challenges posed by climate change, in particular the threats to Pakistan’s water, food and energy security; • Contribute to the international efforts to check climate change by controlling Pakistan’s own GHG emissions to the maximum extent feasible; In order to take forward the recommendations of the Task Force, the Ministry of Environment and Planning Commissions are undertaking all possible measures to formulate policies including the National Adaptation Action Plan and implement necessary Programmes. However, still much needs to be done to start preparation of NAPA and climate change policy in Pakistan.

4

3. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIES AND PROFILE OF STAKEHOLDERS WORKING ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN PAKISTAN
A brief description of the organizations working in Pakistan on the subject of climate change is presented below:

3.3
A.

National MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN (www.environment.gov.pk)

Ministry of Environment, GoP is the country’s focal point on the subjects of environment, ecology, human settlement and forests. The following businesses have been allocated to the Ministry: a. National policy, plans and program regarding environmental planning, pollution and ecology b. Housing, physical planning and human settlements, including urban water supply, sewerage and drainage c. Dealings and agreements with other countries and international organizations in the fields of environment, housing, physical and human settlements d. Quaid-e-Azam Memorial Fund e. Economic planning and policy making in respect of forestry and wildlife f. Administrative control of Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA), Pakistan Forest Institute (PFI), Zoological Survey Department (ZSD), Quaid-e-Azam Mazar Management Board (QMMB), National Energy Conservation Center (ENERCON), Pakistan Environmental Planning and Architectural Consultants Limited (PEPAC) and National Council for Conservation of Wildlife in Pakistan (NCCW) Ministry of Environment is headed by the Federal Minister and the Federal Secretary holds the administrative charge. The Ministry comprises five wings, namely Administration, Development, Environment, International Cooperation and Forestry. The Ministry is the national focal institution responsible for dealing with the subject of climate change. It is also the focal Ministry for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Designated National Authority (DNA) for CDM in Pakistan. i. Environment Wing (www.environment.gov.pk) The Environment Wing of the Ministry of Environment is headed by Director General (Environment). It has been given the responsibility of dealing with the subject of climate change, and working as the ‘National Focal Person for UNFCCC’ and the ‘Designated National Authority for Clean Development Mechanism’. Director General (Environment) is supported by two Deputy Secretaries i.e., Deputy Secretary (Climate Change- I) and Deputy Secretary (Climate Change- II).

5

A CDM Cell (www.cdmpakistan.gov.pk) also operates under the Deputy Secretary (Climate Change-I) and is primarily responsible for implementation of Pakistan National Operational Strategy for CDM. ii. Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) (www.gcisc.org.pk) GCISC is an autonomous Centre under the administrative control of the Ministry of Environment. The Centre is headed by the Executive Director. There are three sections in the Centre, each well equipped with technical manpower to undertake related research on agriculture, water and climatology. The main objectives of the centre are to: Keep record of current and future trends in climate change, globally and within Pakistan Analyze and evaluate the climate change impacts on key socio-economic sectors in Pakistan Analyze how technology may be called upon to coupe with the adverse impacts, if any, and advise national planners on the appropriate strategies and approaches Enhance national capacity for climate change research Raise awareness on climate change issue The current research focus at GCISC is on the following aspects: Project impact of climate change in Pakistan for coming decades. Projections will be based on world level coarse resolution global models and dynamic downscaling of outputs of the selection models to regional scale Assessment of past temporal changes in the Karakoram glaciers, using remote sensing data Monitoring assessment of the impacts of projected climate change on glacier melt and water inflows in main rivers of Pakistan and productivity of various agricultural crops in different climate zones Identification and assessment of appropriate adaptation measures Development of indicators and indices for extreme climate events and development of meteorological tools for projecting the occurrence of such events Seasonal predictions and climate forecasts at decadal and inter-annual levels Remote sensing and geographic information system based studies of temporal changes resulting in deforestation, land degradation, inundation of deltaic region, glacial lakes formation and associated flooding Assessment of alternate energy supply strategies for Pakistan, with a focus on climate change mitigation and preservation of local environment iii. National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON) (http://www.enercon.gov.pk) Established in 1987, ENERCON was transferred to Ministry of Environment as an attachment in 1996. Its mission is to cultivate a new energy culture, focusing on achieving sustainable development through conservation and efficient use of energy resources. ENERCON serves as the national focal point for energy conservation /

6

energy efficiency activities in all sectors of the economy, namely industry, agriculture, transport, building and domestic. The strategy it adopts promotes energy conservation through a whole spectrum of activities, starting from identification of energy conservation opportunities to technology demonstration, undertaking pilot projects, information and outreach, training and education, and development of plans and policies for promoting energy efficiency. ERERCON is headed by its Managing Director, who is supported by Chief (Industries and Power), Chief (Agriculture), Chief (Administration) and Chief (Policy and Coordination). iv. Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak- EPA) (http://www.environment.gov.pk) Pak-EPA is an attached department of the Ministry of Environment, responsible for implementation of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997, which provides for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of environment for the prevention and control of pollution, and promotion of sustainable development in Pakistan. Pak-EPA also provides technical assistance to the Ministry of Environment for formulation of environment policy and programmes. The basic functions of Pak- EPA are to: Prepare / revise and establish the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQs) Take measures to promote research and development of science and technology, which may contribute to prevention of pollution Protect environment and sustainable development Identify the needs for and initiate legislation in various environment sectors Provide information and guidance to the public on environmental matters Specify safeguards for prevention of accidents and disasters which may cause pollution Encourage the formation and working of non-governmental organizations and village organizations, to prevent and control pollution and promote sustainable development Pak- EPA operates at a provincial level though provincial EPAs, which include; Balochistan Environmental Protection Agency, Punjab Environmental Protection Agency, Sindh Environmental Protection Agency and Balochistan Environmental Protection Agency. v. Forestry Wing (http://www.environment.gov.pk) The Forestry Wing of the Ministry of Environment is headed by Inspector General of Forests, who is supported by Deputy Inspector General of Forest-I and Deputy Inspector General of Forest-II. The Forestry Wing is the custodian and implementing agency for the Pakistan Forest Policy (draft) and is engaged in forest policy planning and implementation. Though this wing has no direct involvement with the subject of climate change, they are required to provide technical support to relevant institutions dealing with forestry, carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation. The Wing

7

also deals with relevant international conventions, including United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). vi. Pakistan Forest Institute (PFI), Peshawar (http://www.environment.gov.pk) Pakistan Forest Institute is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Environment. The institute is mandated to conduct research on different fields of forests, including forest utilization, forest products, pathology, timber and wood technology, forest genetics, mensuration, engineering, siriculture, apiculture, forest management, economics, silviculture and other allied disciplines. Besides forest research, the institute is mandated to impart quality education and training, in order to provide technical manpower for forestry services in Pakistan. vii. Zoological Survey Department (ZSD) (http://www.zsd.gov.pk) ZSD is an attached department of the Ministry of Environment. The primary function of the department is to collect information on the fauna of the country so that basic knowledge about the zoogeography of Pakistan is known. ZSD is the guardian of the national zoological collection. Extensive and valuable field studies have been undertaken by the department in different parts of the country. These studies have covered special ecological areas, lands, forests, wetlands, high altitudes as well as lakes, rivers and coastal areas. Animal species are also studied in their ecological zones, and their distribution, habitat, status, food habits and other relevant biological and scientific information and data is martialled. The department has a handsome specimen of different groups of animals from different habitat and ecosystems of the country. The objectives of the ZSD are to: Obtain information on distribution, population dynamics and status of animal life in Pakistan Set up and maintain standard zoological collections for reference Undertake research on the ecology, biology, physiology and biochemistry of important marine animals Advise the government on all zoological matters, including conservation, management, export and import of wildlife Impart education and create public awareness about wildlife conservation B. PLANNING COMMISSION, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN (www.planningcomission.gov.pk) The economic and social objectives of GoP are to promote the welfare of the people and raise the standard of living of its citizens by optimally utilizing the resources of the country; developing rapidly by making provision for the basic necessities of life, educational and health facilities; working under just and human conditions; ensuring equitable adjustment of rights relating to the ownership and use of land and between employers and employees; and preventing the concentration of wealth and means of production and distribution in a few hands to the detriment of the people as a whole;

8

and securing social justice and equal opportunity to all. The Prime Minister is the Chairman of Planning Commission which apart from the Deputy Chairman, comprises of nine members, including Secretary, Planning and Development Division / Member Coordination, Chief Economist; Director, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics; Executive Director, Implementation and Monitoring; and representatives of social sector, science and technology, energy, infrastructure, food and agriculture. The Commission works under the overall direction of a Policy Board chaired by the Prime Minister and including the Deputy Chairman, 10 Federal Ministers and members of Commission. i. Pakistan Institute for Development Economics (PIDE) (www.pide.org.pk) PIDE is devoted to theoretical and empirical research on development economics in general and Pakistan related economic issues in particular. In addition to providing a firm academic base to economic policy-makers, the research also provides a window through which the outside world can view the nature and direction of economic research in Pakistan. Other social sciences, such as demography and anthropology and interdisciplinary studies, increasingly define the widening scope of research that must be undertaken for proper economic policy and development, to have sound underpinnings. In November 2006, PIDE was granted a degree awarding status. In 2008, a Centre for Environmental Economics and Climate Change (CEECC) has been established under PIDE, with a vision to creating best alternative applied solutions to human-nature interactions. The mission of the Centre is to conduct and facilitate research through applied conservation, optimization, reduction and exploration. The Centre is now awarding MS and M. Phil degrees in environmental economics and climate change.
C.

MINISTRY OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN (www.minfal.gov.pk) The Division is mainly responsible for policy formulation, economic coordination and planning with respect to food grain, agriculture and livestock. Major functions of the Division include procurement of food grains, fertilizer, import price stabilization of agricultural produce, international liaison, economic studies for framing agricultural policies, fishing and fisheries beyond territorial waters and animal quarantine. Moreover, this Division is actively involved in inspection, grading analysis of food grains, activities relating to aid / assistance being received from the donor agencies, collection and compilation of agriculture statistics, marketing intelligence and standardization of agricultural machinery. Agricultural activities also include identification of under-developed areas and precautionary measures for removal of the causes of under-development in different areas. Additionally, the Division administers major activities geared towards animal protection, veterinary drugs, and livestock insurance, including the poultry and livestock products.

i.

Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) (www.parc.gov.pk)

9

PARC was established in 1981 under the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Department, as an autonomous apex body with an aim to undertake, aid, promote and coordinate research at a federal and provincial level and provide science based solutions for the development of agriculture sector in Pakistan. The Council has situatory functions to expedite utilization of research results; establish research facilities; train high level scientific manpower; generate, acquire and disseminate research information; and establish and maintain research information related to agriculture development in Pakistan. a. Water Resources Research Council Research Institute (WRRI), National Agriculture

WRRI was established during 1991-92 as a result of re-organization of the water related research programmes being executed at National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Islamabad. Presently, the Institute is involved in problem-oriented, strategic, operational and inter-disciplinary research in areas of national importance. The Institute has a fully trained multi-disciplinary team of about 24 qualified scientists / engineers supported by over 40 skilled staff with well-equipped laboratories and weather stations. The scientists and engineers are engaged in research activities aimed at devising solutions and management strategies for water resources which are economically viable, technically feasible and socially acceptable. The goal of the Institute is to develop technologies, new knowledge and management strategies related to water resources of the rain-fed and irrigated farming system, to enhance productivity per unit of water. The objectives of this Institute are to: Optimize the productivity of water use under rainfed and irrigated environment Develop a sustainable balance between resource utilization and its replenishment The Institute has excellent technical capacities available to conduct modeling based research on the behavior of Himalayan- Karakoram glaciers in Pakistan,. The institute has published exception quality research on glaciers in past is also currently engaged in further modeling in this field. MINISTRY FOR WATER AND POWER, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN (www.mowp.gov.pk)
D.

In the changing scenario of private sector’s advent to Pakistan’s power sector, the Ministry of Water and Power, besides dealing with policy matters relating to development of these two resources, performs certain specific functions also, such as carrying out strategic and financial planning for the long term master plans in the public and private sector. The long term power sector projects submitted by Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) and its allied corporations are being scrutinized by the Ministry through its attached departments, keeping in view the technical and financial viability of such projects. This indirectly results in great savings to the national exchequer, as unviable projects are either phased out or are processed with optimum financial planning and technical viability. Similarly private sector projects in the power sector are being processed by Private Power Infrastructure Board

10

(PPIB), in close supervision of the Ministry which sets the policy guidelines for approval of private projects. Five Year Plans and Annual Development Programme (ADP) in water and power sector are all overseen by the Ministry. The Ministry of Water and Power also monitors activities in the field of power generation, transmission and distribution. It performs a supervisory and advisory role for smooth operation of power sector. It also coordinates interprovincial water sharing issues and activities related to irrigation, drainage, water logging, in addition to monitoring the operation of Indus Water Treaty of 1960 between Pakistan and India. The Ministry of Water and Power plans to meet the future energy and water requirements of Pakistan. For this purpose, in liaison and in consultation with the provinces, WAPDA and international experts etc., plans are developed and financing and monitoring systems are put in place, to implement the plans using available indigenous resources. i. Federal Flood Commission (www.ffc.gov.pk) Federal Flood Commission (FFC) was established in 1977 under the Ministry for Water and Power, for integrated flood management across the country. It is responsible for planning and commissioning of flood protection works in Pakistan. ii. Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) (www.wapda.gov.pk) WAPDA was created in 1958 as a semi-autonomous body, for the purpose of coordinating and giving a unified direction to the development of schemes in water and power sectors, which were previously being dealt with by respective electricity and irrigation departments of the provinces. WAPDA is now fully responsible for the development of hydel power and water sector projects. The Charter of Duties of WAPDA is to investigate, plan and execute schemes for the following fields: Generation, transmission and distribution of power Irrigation, water supply and drainage Prevention of water logging and reclamation of waterlogged and saline lands Flood management Inland navigation WAPDA has also developed a research facility under the Environment Wing, which as conducted good work on modeling of the behavior of glaciers in Pakistan, specially in context of the behavior of northern glaciers in Pakistan and their current and future potential impacts of Indus river system flows in Indus Basin. iii. Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) Private Limited (www.pepco.gov.pk) PEPCO has been entrusted the task of managing the transition of WAPDA from a bureaucratic structure to a corporate, commercially viable and productive entity. PEPCO’s vision is to make Pakistan’s power sector customer friendly, efficient, able and responsive to meeting the electric energy requirements of industry, business and domestic customers, and move to an energy sufficient model from the current energy deficient scenario, on a commercially viable and sustainable basis, in order to support

11

the high growth economy and to meet the government's objective of "Power for All". PEPCO’s mission is to fully enable the reform and restructuring of Pakistan’s power sector and to transform the fourteen corporate entities into autonomous and commercially viable enterprises, through introduction of effective corporate management, best business and utility practices, and well engineered systems, and bridge the ever growing supply-demand gap, to meet customers electric energy requirement on a sustainable and environmentally friendly basis, through best utilization of resources, in an efficient, ethical and customer friendly manner, with responsibility to the community and the nation. The objectives of PEPCO are to: Stop load shedding Construct new grid stations Reduce line losses, minimize tripping and control theft Revamp generation units and improve customer service Develop an integrated automated power planning system for generation, transmission and distribution to ensure system stability and fault isolation and upgrade the relying, metering and tripping system iv. Private Power Infrastructure Board (PPIB) (www.ppib.gov.pk) PPIB was created in 1994 to facilitate the private sector in the participation of power generation in Pakistan. PPIB provides a one-window facility to private sector investors in matters concerning establishment of power projects and related infrastructure. These matters include negotiation of the Implementation Agreement. PPIB also provides support to the power purchaser and fuel supplier while negotiating the Power Purchase Agreement, Fuel Supply Agreement, Gas Supply Agreement and other related agreements, and liaison with the concerned local and international agencies for facilitating and expediting progress of private sector power projects. PPIB is working to attract and facilitate investments in Pakistan’s power sector. A number of foreign investors have expressed interest in setting up power generation projects that would utilize our indigenous resources including hydel, wind, natural gas, and coal. Their proposals have been evaluated and the prospective investors facilitated and encouraged to come up with power projects focusing on maximum utilization of available local resources. PPIB aims to promote and facilitate private sector participation in the Pakistan power sector in an efficient, fair and transparent manner, with coherent efforts of key stakeholders, in line with the private power policies of GoP and the electricity demand / supply projections, after taking into account the planned public sector power projects. v. Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) (www.aedb.org) AEDB has been established under the Ministry of Water and Power with a purpose to develop national strategy, policies and plans for utilization of alternative and renewable energy resources to achieve the targets approved by the Federal Government in consultation with the Board. The objectives of AEDB are to: Act as a forum for evaluating, monitoring and certifying alternative or renewable energy projects and products

12

-

Facilitate power generation through alternative or renewable energy resources by: - Acting as one window facility for establishing, promoting and facilitating alternative or renewable energy projects based on wind, solar, small-hydel, fuel cells, tidal, ocean, biogas, biomass etc. - Setting up alternative and renewable energy power pilot projects on its own or through joint venture or partnership with public or private entities in order to create awareness and motivation to undertake such initiatives for the benefit of general public as well as by evaluation concepts and technologies form technical and financial perspective - Conducting feasibility studies and surveys to identify opportunities for power generation through alternative and renewable energy resources - Undertaking technical, financial and economic evaluation of the alternative or renewable energy proposals, as well as providing assistance in filling of required licensing applications and tariff petitions to National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) - Interacting and coordinating with national and international agencies for promotion and development of alternative energy - Assisting the development and implementation of plans with concerned authorities and provincial governments for off-grid electrification

E.

MINISTRY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN (www.most.gov.pk)

The Ministry of Science and Technology has an aim of directing GoPs efforts to initiate and launch scientific and technological programs in the country. The Ministry is responsible for the preparation and implementation of all science and technological research policies and plans. The objectives of this Ministry include: i. Preparation and implementation of science and technology related national policies and plans Promotion of science and technology for achieving rapid economic development and enhancing self reliance through science and technology inputs Development and maintenance of an adequate national science and technology system Improvement in the living standard of masses and ensuring national security through science and technology applications Pakistan Council for Research on Water Resources (PCRWR) (www.pcrwr.gov.pk) PCRWR is a research body of the Ministry of Science and Technology. Its mission is make Pakistan sufficient in water resources by supplying good quality drinking water for human, livestock, wildlife, and irrigation of agriculture crops as well as for industrial use. It is an apex autonomous body established with the objective to conduct, organize, coordinate and promote research in all aspects of water resources. Since its inception, PCRWR has played its role as a national research organization. It has undertaken and promoted applied as well as basic research in various disciplines of water sector, more specifically, irrigation, drainage, surface and groundwater management, groundwater recharge, watershed management, desertification control,

13

rainwater harvesting, , water quality assessment and monitoring, and development of innovative water resource management, conservation and quality improvement technologies, etc. PCRWR is mandated to conduct, organize, coordinate and promote research in all fields of water resources engineering, planning and management, to optimally use the available land and water resources and help achieve sustainability in the agricultural sector. PCRWR has also conducted quality research work on behavior of glaciers in Northern Pakistan and third impact or water resources in Country, particularly in terms of changing climatic patterns. ii. Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET) (www.pcret.gov.pk) PCRET is a body under the Ministry of Science and Technology and is the prime institution in the country for coordinating research and development in the field of renewable energy technologies. PCRET has been assigned the responsibility to conduct research and development, provide training and promote renewable energy technologies in the country. Its four main areas of work are photovoltaic (solar electricity), solar thermal appliances (solar cookers, solar dyers, solar water heater, solar desalination plants), micro-hydel, wind, bio-energy (biogas, bio-oil and other bio fuels), geothermal and ocean waves. iii. National Institute for Oceanography (NIO) NIO is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Science and Technology. The main components involved in the development of NIO are development of professional and technical manpower, development of institutional capability and management capability for marine data acquisition and processing. NIO’s main area of research is the north Arabian Sea and beyond. The oceanic and atmospheric processes of the north Arabian Sea modify our climate and offer numerous living and non-living resources. Oceanographic research brings together all the scientific disciplines needed to study the ocean. More specific fields of research, to understand the physical processes of deltaic, coastal and offshore waters of the northern Arabian Sea region are: Sea level changes and coastal water dynamics Distribution and structure of oceanic fronts in the shelf seas Analysis of oceanic and tidal currents Tidal predictions for ports along Pakistan coast Spatial and temporal variations in coastal processes Numerical modelling F. MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL RESOURCES, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN (www.mpnr.gov.pk)

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources has a mission to ensure availability and security of sustainable supply of oil and gas (for economic development and strategic requirements of Pakistan) and to coordinate development of natural resources of energy and minerals. The Ministry adopts an integrated approach to promote exploration and fast track development of oil, gas and mineral resources, deregulate, liberalize and privatize oil, gas and mineral sector through structured reforms, attract mineral sectors, develop technical

14

professional human resources, optimize existing energy delivery infrastructure i.e. oil and gas pipelines, and reduce imported fuel oil consumption with indigenous gas by optimally balancing the gas availability and supplies from local and imported resources. i. Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan (HDIP) (www.hdip.com.pk) HDIP is the national petroleum research and development organization. It is an autonomous body of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, established in 1975 for the purpose of undertaking, promoting and guiding scientific research and development in the field of hydrocarbons, and for matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto. The objectives and functions of HDIP are to assist the government in the design of national policies for the development of hydrocarbon industry, taking into account the national needs. The Institute also undertakes basin studies, research and development to facilitate exploration of hydrocarbons and develop and promote use of clean, economic and alternative fuels in the country. G. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

Ministry of Defense deals with all policy and administrative matters pertaining to all the armed forces engaged in the defense of the country. The Ministry of Defense is responsible for policy and administrative matters pertaining to the defense of the federation and three armed forces. It also deals with various administrative and financial matters pertaining to aviation and cases relating to meteorological and other related matters. i. Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) (www.pakmet.com.pk) PMD is both a scientific and a service department, and functions under the Ministry of Defense. It is responsible for providing meteorological service throughout Pakistan to wide variety of interest and for numerous public activities and projects which require weather information. In its services to aviation the department's responsibility goes to some extent beyond national boundaries in fulfillment of accepted international agreements and obligations which include, among other things, the collection and rebroadcast of meteorological data. Apart from meteorology, the department is also concerned with agrometeorology, hydrology, astronomy, astrophysics (including solar physics), seismology, geomagnetism, atmospheric electricity and studies of the ionosphere and cosmic rays. PMD shoulders the responsibility to investigate the factors responsible for global warming, climate change its impact assessment and adaptation strategies in various sectors of human activities. Major functions entrusted to PMD include provision of information on meteorological and geophysical matters with the objective of traffic safety in air, on land and sea, mitigation of disasters due to weather and geophysical phenomena, agriculture development based on climatic potential of the country, and prediction and modification of weather forecast. In pursuance of its objectives the Department has established: A network of observing stations to generate meteorological, geophysical and phenological data A telecommunication system for speedy dissemination of data

15

-

Meteorological offices to analyse data for issuing forecasts and warnings for aviation, agriculture, shipping, sports, irrigation etc. Climatological and data processing units for scrutinizing, comparing and publishing data for appraisal of long term weather trends and earthquakes.

Besides other areas related to climatology, the PMD is conducting collaborating research with Centers like Global Change Impacts Studies Center on role of glaciers and their changing patter in respect to climate change. ii. Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) (www.suparco.gov.pk) SUPARCO, the national space agency, was established in 1961 as a Committee and was granted the status of a Commission in 1981. SUPARCO is mandated to conduct research and development in space science, space technology, and their peaceful applications in the country. It works towards developing indigenous capabilities in space technology and promoting space applications for socio-economic uplift of the country. Its role is to: Undertake research and conduct pilot studies based on the applications of satellite remote sensing data and Geographic Information System technology to natural resources surveying, mapping and environmental monitoring, including the glaciers in Northern Pakistan Undertake research studies in space and atmospheric sciences, including satellite meteorology, satellite radiance, troposphere / stratosphere studies, atmospheric pollution, satellite geodesy and astronomy Undertake research studies relating to the ionosphere and associated radio wave propagation and geomagnetism Develop, design, fabricate, assemble, and launch communication satellites for voice, video, direct-to-home TV broadcast services and digital data transfers, Earth observation satellites for various scientific / technological applications, and sounding rockets for upper and middle atmospheric research Establish and operate ground receiving stations for acquisition of SRS data for earth resources surveying, mapping and environmental monitoring studies, acquiring data for atmospheric / meteorological studies, and transmitting and receiving signals from communication satellites Get reception of signals from ships, boats and vehicles in distress under the satellite-aided search and rescue COSPAS-SARSAT programme Establish and operate facilities for tracking satellites / rockets to determine their orbital parameters, trajectories, etc. Develop instrumentation for various scientific and technological experiments Develop software for different functions

-

-

H.

NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (NDMA), PRIME MINISTER’S SECRETARIAT (www.ndma.gov.pk)

NDMA has been established under the Prime Minister’s Secretariat with a goal to achieve sustainable social, economic and environmental development in Pakistan through reducing risks and vulnerabilities, particularly those of the poor and marginalized groups, and by

16

effectively responding to and recovering from all types of disaster events. The aim of NDMA is to manage complete spectrum of disasters by adopting a disaster risk reduction perspective in development planning at all levels, and through enhancing institutional capacities for disaster preparedness, response and recovery. Besides this, NDMA performs the following functions: Coordinate a complete spectrum of disaster risk management at a national level Act as Secretariat of the National Disaster Management Committee (NDMC) to facilitate implementation of disaster risk management strategies Map all hazards in the country and conduct risk analysis on a regular basis Develop guidelines and standards for national and provincial stakeholders regarding their role in disaster risk management Ensure establishment of disaster management authorities and emergency operations centers at provincial, district and municipal levels in hazard-prone areas Provide technical assistance to federal ministries, departments and provincial disaster management authorities for disaster risk management initiatives Organize training and awareness raising activities for capacity development of stakeholders, particularly in hazard-prone areas Collect, analyze, process and disseminate inter-sectoral information required in an all hazards management approach Ensure that appropriate regulations are framed to develop disaster response volunteer teams Create requisite environment for participation of media in disaster risk management activities Serve as the lead agency for NGOs to ensure their performance matches accepted international standards Serve as the lead agency for international cooperation in disaster risk management. This will particularly include, information sharing, early warning, surveillance, joint training, and common standards and protocols required for regional and international cooperation Coordinate emergency response of federal government in the event of a national level disaster through the National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC) Require any government department or agency to make available such human or physical resources as are available for the purpose of emergency response, rescue and relief 3.4 A. INTERNATIONAL UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP) (www.undp.org.pk)

The UN system in Pakistan continues to strengthen its efforts to achieve greater impact in contributing to national development plans and priorities. The impetus of this effort remains grounded in One UN reform, following the call from the UN General Assembly in 1997 for a more coherent, effective and efficient UN development system. UNDP in particular recognizes that there must be mutual accountability for results between the UN Country Team, to ensure that all entities are working together under One UN umbrella toward the common goal of supporting national development plans around agreed-upon programme priorities under One Programme. UNDP is also an important partner of GoP for achieving national development goals and international commitments including the Millennium Development Goals. UNDP's works with the government, civil society and development

17

partners in four broad programmatic areas: poverty reduction and gender, democratic governance, energy and environment, and crisis prevention and recovery. UNDP sponsors innovative pilot projects; serves as a catalyst for linking global good practices and resources to the host country; promotes the role of women in development; provides poverty policy support and community driven local area development; advocates on the issue of HIV and AIDS; and brings GoP, civil society and other development partners together for enhanced harmonization and coordination of their efforts. It carries out a host of interventions grouped together under the following three heads; pro poor policy and advocacy, community based area development programmes and gender equality programme. B WORLD BANK (WB) (www.web.worldbank.org)

WB is one of the world’s largest sources of funding and knowledge for support to governments of member countries, in an effort to invest in schools and health centers, provide water and electricity, fight disease and protect the environment. The Bank is deepening its engagement on social protection, community-led development, water management, energy, and infrastructure, while maintaining strong programs in education, and irrigation. WB carries out projects and provides a wide variety of analytical and advisory services to help meet the development needs of individual countries and the international community. C. ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (ADB) (www.adb.org/pakistan)

ADB is an international development finance institution whose mission is to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life. ADB's main partners are governments, private sector, non-government organizations, development agencies, community-based organizations and foundations. In pursuing its vision, ADB's main instruments comprise of loans, technical assistance, grants, advice and knowledge. Although most lending arrangements is with the public sector - and to governments - ADB also provides direct assistance to private enterprises of developing countries through equity investments, guarantees and loans. In addition to this, its triple-A credit rating helps mobilize funds for development. The Pakistan Resident Mission was opened in 1989 and provides the primary operational link between ADB and the government, private sector, and civil society stakeholders. The Mission engages in policy dialogue and acts as a knowledge base on development issues in Pakistan. ADB continue to focus on improving the overall country portfolio performance through quarterly and annual country portfolio reviews jointly conducted with the government. The approach has helped identify systemic and specific issues affecting project performance, restructure and improved performance of projects, and prevent automatic extensions of their loan closing date. ADB encourages frequent field visits to identify and resolve problems at an early stage. D. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE- PAKISTAN (www.iucn.org/pakistan)

IUCN is the world’s oldest and largest membership network. It helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and developmental challenges. Its global mission

18

is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature, while ensuring that the use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. Towards that end, it supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and bets practices. IUCN Pakistan office was established in 1985 to assist in preparation of National Conservation Strategy. Since then it has grown to become the largest Country Programme and is managing conservation initiatives across Pakistan, together with its members and partners. For information on IUCN’s climate change programme and initiatives, refer to section 2.2. E. INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR INTEGTRATED MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT (ICIMOD) (www.icimod.org)

ICIMOD is a regional knowledge development and learning centre serving eight regional member countries of Hindukush-Himalayas: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. It is based in Kathmandu, Nepal. Its vision is that the mountain population of the greater Himalayas enjoys improved wellbeing in a sustainable global environment. Its mission is to enable and facilitate the equitable and sustainable wellbeing of the people of the Hindukush-Himalayas by supporting sustainable mountain development through active regional cooperation. The entity realizes that globalisation and climate change have an increasing influence on the stability of fragile mountain ecosystems and the livelihoods of mountain people. Hence, ICIMOD aims to assist mountain people to understand these changes, adapt to them, and make the most of new opportunities, while also addressing upstream-downstream issues. It supports regional transboundary programmes through partnership with regional partner institutions, facilitates the exchange of experience and serves as a regional knowledge hub. Furthermore, it strengthens networking among regional and global centers of excellence. In general, it is working towards developing an economically and environmentally sound mountain ecosystem to improve the living standards of mountain populations and sustain vital ecosystem services for the billions of people living downstream, now and for the future. The research work conducted by CICMOD also includes the changing behavior of Himalayan and Karakoram glaciers in the region and their impact on water resources and livelihoods in the region F. WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE (WWF), PAKISTAN (www.wwfpak.org)

Established in 1960, WWF has been working towards the conservation of natural resources of the world. WWF International provides a collective voice for matters affecting the natural environment. WWF has identified six global priority areas of conservation work. They are: forests, freshwater, marine, species, climate change and toxics. Projects have been undertaken based on these programmes to address gaps and bring about incremental improvement.

19

WWF aims to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world’s biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. To achieve its mission, WWF strives to educate, assist, and inspire millions of people from all walks of life to protect and sustain land, water, wildlife and natural resources around us. WWF is helping people make sound environmental decisions and promote sustainable development. Established in 1970, WWF Pakistan strives to carry out the global conservation initiatives within the context of national priorities. Its aim is to protect and improve the country’s environment, and integrate the environmental principles with other policies across the governmental and private sectors. WWF Pakistan has seen an exceptional growth in the last two years. It head office is in Lahore and 296 regular employees work within six regional offices, 2 programme offices and 17 project site offices in Pakistan. G. OXFAM- GB (www.oxfam.org.uk)

Oxfam is a confederation of 14 like-minded organizations working together and with partners and allies around the world to bring about lasting change. It works directly with communities and seeks to influence the powerful to ensure that poor people can improve their lives and livelihoods and have a say in decisions that affect them. It strives to find out how we work with others to end poverty and injustice, from campaigning to responding to emergencies. In Pakistan, Oxfam's focus is on education, health, tackling violence against women, and emergency relief. Oxfam also deals with the results of climate change and works to prepare poor communities and campaign for action. H. ASIANICS AGRO DEVELOPMENT- INTERNTIONAL

Founded in 1990, ASIANICS is a consultancy firm specializing in agricultural policy analysis, sustainable agricultural development, agricultural research management, agricultural development including crops, horticulture, floriculture, climate change, water, energy, project identification, formulation, implementation and evaluation, livestock and fisheries development, forestry and agro-forestry development, integrated rural development, resource management including land water and input supply, agricultural education, agricultural credit, agricultural marketing, computer application in scientific research development, systems management and environmental analysis. ASIANICS has developed extensive credentials in provision of technical assistance in Pakistan and abroad. It has a technical and management staff which possesses ample experience; all come from rural background and are fully conversant with the realities of rural socio-economic constraints in Pakistan and in other developing countries. They are skilled in many aspects of development consultancy gained through higher education and work experience in Pakistan and abroad. ASIANICS keeps certain objectives at the forefront: Provide high quality value-added service in economic development, agricultural research, agriculture extension, agriculture education, monitoring and evaluation, economics and social sciences research, technical agriculture, technology transfer and

20

-

-

-

private sector agribusiness expansion with special focus on Asia, Middle East and Africa Give logistical support to international firms / consultants and donor agencies in need of assistance in Pakistan. Neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Nepal and Sri Lanka are of foremost interest to the company Develop collaboration and partnership with international and national firms, research institutions, donor agencies, and national development financing institutions to formulate and implement agricultural, industrial and energy sector projects that are economically viable and environmentally sustainable Assist in the development of Management Information System and agricultural communication capability, including the development of computer software and databases, editing, composing, designing and production of different kinds of print and audio-visual materials Develop feasibility studies in agribusiness for different clients interested in Pakistan as an investment prospect. This includes maintaining state-of-the-art database on key industry profiles Conduct surveys and background studies on socio-economic conditions in agriculture, small medium, large enterprises, and industrial and rural development sectors for policy and project formulation and to evaluate clients -public, private and nongovernmental organizations for their suitability to implement projects WINROCK INTERNATIONAL (www.winrock.int)

I.

WINROCK International is a nonprofit organization that works with people in the United States and around the world to empower the disadvantaged, increase economic opportunity and sustain natural resources. It works on innovative approaches in agriculture, natural resources management, clean energy and leadership development, with the unique needs of its partners. By linking local individuals and communities with new ideas and technology, WINROCK is increasing long term productivity, equity and responsible resource management to benefit the poor and disadvantaged of the world. J. LEAD PAKISTAN (www.lead.org.pk)

LEAD’s mission is to create, strengthen and support networks of people and institutions promoting change towards sustainable development – development that is economically sound, environmentally responsible and socially equitable. In partnership with national and international development agencies, LEAD Pakistan is striving to meet the challenge of achieving sustainable development in the diverse arenas of education, health, environment, corporate social responsibility and governance, throughout Pakistan both in the rural and urban localities. Established in 1995, LEAD Pakistan is one of the 14 country / regional programs of LEAD International. The country programme brings the leadership development program to Pakistan. The nonprofit and nonpartisan organization is currently engaged in training its Fourteenth Cohort of Associates (trainees), amidst a range of other activities. Lead Pakistan has been working on the promotion of environmentally sensitive development since 1997 and has recently initiated a process of capacity building and program planning in climate change in Pakistan. It is in the process of designing a multi-year program to help Pakistan tackle the looming challenge of climate change.

21

K.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY INSTITUTE (SDPI) (www.sdpi.org)

SDPI provides the global sustainable development community with representation from Pakistan as well as South Asia as a whole, through its expertise for policy analysis, intervention and development, as well as policy and program advisory services. SDPI’s mission is to catalyse the transition towards sustainable development, defined as the enhancement of peace, social justice and wellbeing within and across generations. It has developed a Climate Change Study Center to conduct research on the subject. The Center aspires to provide research based analysis and policy options by conducting in-depth research on vital issues. The Center will work in collaboration with other stakeholders, including government, private sector and the most vulnerable communities, in order to formulate best strategies at all levels. L. DONORS AGENCIES IN PAKISTAN

Many donor agencies have specific interest in funding climate change related projects in Pakistan. While the exact area of interest in not very much clear due to evolving Pakistan specific strategies of donors and confidential information, however the following donors have specific interest in this subject:

i.

Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation (SDC)
The overall goal of SDC’s cooperation programme in Pakistan is to reduce poverty through promoting a people-driven, equitable and ecologically sound development. The programme is structured around three broad domains: “Improving Governance” , “Increasing Income”, and "Reconstruction and Rehabilitation", underlined by a Human Rights Based Approach. Gender and HIV/AIDS are mainstreamed throughout the programme. SDC is cooperating with a broad range of public and private sector as well as international partner organisations.

As per information obtained, the SDC has included Pakistan among non- priority countries for funding initiatives and hence is in process of phasing out, thus no further funding will be provided to any projects/ programmes in Pakistan.

ii.

European Commission
The European Union is working actively for a global agreement to control climate change and is taking domestic action to achieve substantial reductions in its own contribution. It is also developing a European strategy for adapting to climate change. The Commission provides funding to projects and initiatives that promote its policy priorities throughout the European Union and further afield. Though Environment being one of the priority areas for EU funding, however so far no commitment to fund any climate change specific initiatives has been decelerated by EU.

iii.

Royal Norwegian Embassy
The Embassy of Norway Environment-programme has made significant contributions in the areas of policy formulation, capacity enhancement, institutional strengthening, advocacy and rural development, natural resource management, industrial pollution and raising awareness on environment matters. Major civil society partners in the sector include IUCN, AKRSP, Sungi, besides the Government of Pakistan. Environment is a cross-cutting theme in Norwegian assistance and therefore is an integral part of several community-uplift programmes being supported by the Embassy. Further, the entire work in the sector has been based on the

22

principles of gender integration, recipient responsibility, participation of the marginalised sections of society, and establishing cross-sectoral linkages as far as possible.

iv.

Dutch Government
During the back-to-back Friends of Democratic Pakistan-meeting and the donor-conference in Tokyo, April 17th 2009, the Netherlands announced its intention to assist Pakistan with an amount of over 86 million euro for the period up to 2011. The Netherlands will focus its development cooperation in three sectors: education, environment/water management, and good governance/human rights. The objective of the environment/water management programme is to promote sustainable development in Pakistan. The interventions are based on the priorities defined in the National Environmental Policy of the Government of Pakistan and are focused on the following three areas: Cleaner Production in Industry, Capacity Building for Environmental Management and Integrated Water Resources Management. The environment/water management programme aims to support Pakistan in achieving poverty reduction in conjunction with sustainability. For the next 3 years the Embassy intends to contribute an amount of up to 30 million euro for environment and water management. The programme will be transformed into a more focused programme with governance, gender, renewable energy, water management, climate change and support for trade as its key components.

iv.

Department for International Development- UK
The Department for International Development DFID funds many organisations across the globe who are working to end poverty through open competition. DFID also supports a variety of sources about disasters and the broader issues surrounding global poverty. Previously, DFID has funded climate change related initiatives including Technical Advisory Panel on Climate Change (TAP) and ‘Road to Copenhagen’ project of IUCN. The UK has committed ₤50 million over 5 years to establish a new facility – the Climate and Development Knowledge Network, or “Climate Network”. The Climate Network will give developing countries access to the latest research and science on climate change as well as technical assistance. It will help policy-makers and practitioners plan and implement strategies that meet the climate challenges of their country. The Climate Network will be “client facing” with its services tailored to meet requests for information and advice, primarily from developing country governments and southern research and civil society organisations, but also and international partners like UN agencies. The Climate Network will be managed by a consortium of organisations with experience working on climate change, drawn from the private sector, civil society and research communities. We expect the Network to launch by end March 2010, with launch events planned across the world during the spring. The Network will provide developing countries (governments, academic institutions and NGOs) with the latest and best climate information to enable them to plan and prepare for the short, medium and long-term impacts of climate change – at regional, national and local scales. It will provide advice on how best to prioritise responses based on a risk assessment and scale of impact. Key services of the Climate Network will include: • knowledge services – to translate and share the latest, high-quality research from around the world with developing nations;

23

• demand-led, policy-relevant research allowing developing countries to commission specific research tailored to their needs; • technical assistance and advisory services, and; • partnership support, to strengthen developing country climate-development research institutions.

v.

World Bank
The World Bank plays a key role in carbon market development. The Bank’s work in carbon finance has been instrumental to increasing global benefits from environmental projects supported by the World Bank Group. The World Bank uses money contributed by governments and companies in countries to purchase project-based greenhouse gas emission reductions in developing countries and countries with economies in transition. The emission reductions are purchased through one of the Bank’s carbon funds on behalf of the contributor, and within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol's including; Clean Development. The World Bank has invested in three (03) CDM projects in Pakistan and is looking for further attractive potential opportunities for funding the CDM projects in Pakistan.

vi.

Asian Development Bank
A new Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for Pakistan, approved by ADB's Board of Directors in March 2009, aims to support Pakistan's strategic objectives of prosperity and poverty reduction. The focal areas delineated in the CPS 2009–2013 focuses on reforms and investment in energy and infrastructure. The CPS provides the framework for ADB's partnership priorities and the future direction of its assistance strategy in Pakistan. The CPS prioritizes the four key focal areas for ADB's development support to Pakistan, that besides other include; “Reforms and investments in key energy and infrastructure sectors”, including support for power and energy, transport and the National Trade Corridor, and water resources. Planned assistance in these sectors will reduce the cost of doing business and strengthen the underlying competitiveness of the economy.

M. i.

CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED FORUMS IN PAKISTAN Technical Advisory Panel on Climate Change (TAP- CC)
Realizing that Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan cannot be expected to have the expertise in all the relevant areas in its mandate (due to various operational constraints, including financial implications), TAP-CC serves to bridge the gap and brings together all relevant actors at one platform, to create synergy from their individual efforts and provide the much needed technical support to Government of Pakistan in addressing climate change. In doing so, the Panel has adopted an approach which is well accepted globally. In its first year of existence, the Panel has brought together relevant expertise on areas (adaptation and mitigation) and sectors most susceptible to climate change i.e. agriculture and water. It has started to work towards application of the technical knowledge being generated by various institutions, to enhance the economic and social resilience of Pakistan’s population to the adverse impacts of climate change. This setup has worked quite effectively in different situations during the reporting period. “The Technical Advisory Panel on Climate Change (TAP-CC)” was established in December 2007, to provide support to the Government of Pakistan (GoP) in addressing climate change concerns in the country. The secretariat of TAP-CC is being hosted by IUCN Pakistan, Islamabad Office. The Panel’s current members are:

24

i. ii. iii. iv. v.

Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan- Chair Global Change Impacts Studies Centre (GCISC), Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), and eminent national experts on climate change.

The initial financial assistance for the project was provided by the Royal Norwegian Embassy (RNE) and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

ii.

Planning Commission’s Task Force on Climate Change
A Task Force on Climate Change (TFCC) was set up by the Planning Commission of Pakistan in October 2008 with the view to take stock of country’s situation in relation to climate change; to contribute to the formulation of a climate change policy that would assist the government in achieving sustained economic growth by appropriately addressing climate change threats so as to ensure water security, food security and energy security of the country; and to recommend policy measures for promoting large scale Adaptation and Mitigation efforts, raising awareness of various stakeholders; and enhancing the capacities of relevant national institutions. Drawing upon the best available expertise in the country, the Task Force set up 9 Working Groups (WGs) comprising some 40 experts. Each WG headed by a TFCC member was assigned to look into some particular aspects relevant to the TFCC mandate. Based on the inputs of the above WGs and the deliberations of the Task Force in its various meetings, the TFCC Secretariat has prepared a 76-page report which takes stock of Pakistan’s status as a GHG emitter, brings out its key vulnerabilities to climate change, recommends appropriate adaptation and mitigation policy measures, and highlights various ongoing and planned activities that implicitly address the issues of climate change. The report identifies main objectives for Pakistan’s climate change policy, reviews the country’s existing organizational structure for addressing issues of climate change, and recommends measures to improve its ability to face the challenge. It takes cognizance of the existing capacity of various national and international organizations in the country and identifies Pakistan’s needs for international cooperation in terms of capacity building, technology transfer and financial support for major Adaptation and Mitigation activities. The Terms of Reference for the Task Force were; 1. To contribute to the formulation of a climate change policy that would assist the Government in pursuing the paramount goal of sustained economic growth by appropriately addressing the challenges posed by the threat of climate change. To identify and recommend appropriate policy measures for ensuring water security of the country through planning and coordinating in-depth studies of the impacts of climate change and the melting of Himalayan glaciers on the Indus River inflows. To formulate appropriate policy guidelines to ensure food security and energy security of the country in the wake of overall warming, the changing temporal and seasonal water picture in Indus River System, and the rise of sea level caused by global warming. To recommend policy measures for promoting large scale Adaptation and Mitigation efforts, including various CDM activities, in various sectors to counter the overall challenge of climate change.

2.

3.

4.

25

5. 6. 7.

To assess the existing institutional capacities in various organizations and recommend measures for their strengthening, as deemed appropriate. To recommend measures for enhancing understanding and awareness of climate change issues among all relevant stakeholders, including the general public. To recommend the establishment of an appropriate over-arching review-andpolicymaking body responsible for advising the Government of Pakistan for addressing the threat of climate change in all its manifestations on a continuing basis, to carry forward the work done by the Task Force.

After formal launch of the Final report, the Task Force was abandoned in February 2010.

iii.

National Network on Climate Change
The National Network on Climate Change has been established by LEAD Pakistan with a purpose is to provide a forum for discussions and information exchange on cutting-edge

scientific, economic, planning and research related to Climate Change. The Network aims to raise the level of attention and interaction on climate change issues by involvement of different tiers of stakeholders including the government, civil society organizations, the media, decision makers, field practitioners, researchers, scientists and advocacy communities. The objectives and scope of National Network on Climate Change include: Promote knowledge sharing among scientists, decision-makers and stakeholders; Exchange\ share lessons learned; Assess and report on on-going mitigation and adaptation research and practice in the country; Facilitate research collaborations within and across the country on climate change related issues; Develop a shared research agenda on climate change issues with stakeholders; LEAD Pakistan has reached out to 20 leading institutes and high-profile organizations at the national level to become a part of this network. The National Network on Climate Change (NNCC) is composed of representatives from the Government, NGOs, Academic/ Research institutions, Associations\Networks representing the civil society, donor agencies, industry and media interested in climate related matters. The membership of network is restricted and may vary depending on requirements. The members include: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. Global Climate Impact Study Center (GCISC), Islamabad HEJ Institute of Chemistry, Karachi Ministry of Environment & Planning Commission National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad Islamic University, Islamabad National Institute of Oceanography Intercooperation, Peshawar International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Karachi World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Lahore International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Islamabad Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), Karachi COMSTECH, Islamabad International Waterlogging and Salinity Research Institute (IWASRI), Lahore Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) Pakistan Institute of Environment-Development Action Research (PIEDAR), Islamabad

26

xvi. GC University, Lahore

iii.

Pakistan Youth Climate Change Network (PYCN)
Pakistan Youth Climate Network (PYCN) is an environmental advocacy group that seeks to inspire, motivate and engage the youth to take action against climate change to ensure a sustainable future. Climate change is no longer a distant myth but an inevitable fact that the world today must reconcile with. Inaction in the face of climate change is no longer a luxury we can afford. The youth must come forward and play a pivotal role in the fight against climate change for it is the world that they will inherit that is most in peril. Currently, Sustainable Development Policy Institute is acting as the secretariat of the PYCN.

N. i.

GRASS- ROOT ORGANIZATIONS The Aga Khan Foundation
The Aga Khan Foundation is committed to reducing rural poverty, particularly in resource-poor, degraded or remote environments. It concentrates on a small number of programmes of significant scale. The model of participatory rural development it has pioneered combines a set of common development principles with the flexibility to respond to specific contexts and needs. The Aga Khan Foundation promotes community health agenda by developing approaches that enable poorer communities, both rural and urban, to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to protect and promote good health. Aga Khan Foundation believes that effective community health programmes promote and build on existing community structures, belief patterns, local resources and local participation to achieve defined health gains. The goal of the community health programme, therefore, is to improve the health status of children under five and women of reproductive age (15 to 45), who continue to bear the largest burden of morbidity and mortality in developing countries, and to reduce the prevalence and severity of emerging, reemerging, persistent and non-communicable diseases.

ii.

Focus Humanitarian Assistance
Focus Humanitarian Assistance is an international group of agencies established in Europe, North America and South Asia to complement the provision of emergency relief, principally in the developing world. It helps people in need reduce their dependence on humanitarian aid. Prevention, Mitigation, and Preparedness is the channel through which FOCUS works to decrease a community’s vulnerability to natural disasters such as landslides, floods, mudslides, epidemics, and earthquakes, catastrophic rain or snow, and prepares them to respond rapidly and effectively to natural disasters. In this way, the initiative also seeks to ensure that communities are empowered in the learning process. There are a variety of activities in each category, including: building community awareness, the provision of communications equipment (two-way radios), and mitigation projects, such as flood retaining walls.

iii.

Indus Earth Trust Indus Earth Works to facilitate a movement to raise the living standard by enhanced quality of socio-economic conditions through an integrated development approach which incorporates reduction of the use of fossil fuels and encourages the exploration of renewable energy, while ensuring environmental protection of flore, fauna, and marine life. Baanhn Beli Baanhn Beli brings together disadvantaged people who live in remote villages with professional specialists living in large cities to learn from each other and achieve shared developmental aims.

vi.

27

Baanhn Beli gives an organisational form on a nation-wide scale to the work conducted in rural Sindh particularly the Tharparkar region. Baanhn Beli aims are as follows:  To mobilise direct and active participation of the people in the process of social welfare and development.  To promote co-operation for progress between rural-based citizens and urban-based specialists.  To initiate welfare and development projects which meet specific urgent needs of the people in given areas with a stress on self-reliance and the nation's own resources.  To raise funds necessary to render relief in emergencies as well as raise funds to operate an effective co-ordination system for the implementation of various projects.  To encourage co-ordination and constructive co-operation between: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. v. Rural-based and urban-based people All specialist government line departments Local Bodies Official administrative system International aid agencies National and local institutions Development specialists Concerned citizens

Sarhad Rural Support Programme Sarhad Rural Support Programme is the largest non-profit/non-government organization of NWFP. It has pro-actively promoted people-centered development by improving livelihoods of poor and vulnerable communities, while maintaining the special focus on women, playing a leading role in supporting poverty reduction in NWFP over the past two decades. SRSP has also been entrusted with the task of extending the working to FATA region has a mission to create a Society where poverty is reduced and sustainable means of livelihood ensured. Its vision is Create Social Capital by mobilizing communities for poverty reduction in NWFP and tribal area. Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment (SCOPE) The mission of SCOPE is to protect environment at local, national and global level to implement Agenda21*, through advocacy, research, non-political, non-religious and non-racial approach. SCOPE strives to achieve its mission through non-political, non-religious, non-racial, non ethnic, commitment driven approach. The mission and work of SCOPE is more relevant than ever, considering the challenges faced by humanity due to climate change, biodiversity loss and deterioration of natural resources The main strategic thrust of SCOPE is to contribute its role in shaping up of governmental policies within the framework of global environmental/sustainable development agenda. SCOPE’s operational strategy is to involve experts, volunteers, media, students, government agencies and other stakeholders in achieving its goals. SCOPE has been using advocacy, public awareness, research, participatory learning, networking, public interest legal actions as its tools.

vi.

.

28

4 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CLIMATE CHANGE WORK IN PAKISTAN
This bibliography presented below contains information about all related activities including; Policy interventions (regional, national, provincial), Strategies, action plans (regional, national, provincial), Programmes, Initiatives, Project and support activities, Publications (Research reports/ papers (climatological, water, agriculture. forestry, watershed, disaster, social, economic studies, Review studies, perception studies, Proceedings, workshops reports, Books, Trainings conducted, Awareness raising material, flyers, brochures, posters and On- going activities, initiative and activities in pipeline,

4.1
A.

National MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN
Details Projects Project on Capacity Building for Carbon Finance in Pakistan WINROCK/ Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, World Bank. PSDP project on Establishment of Clean Development Mechanism Cell in the Ministry of Environment. The Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) on Climate Change. MoE, IUCN and Department for International Development, UK Global Environmental Facility- Protected Areas Management Project (PAMP) 2003- 2010. Development of Forestry Sector Resources for Carbon Sequestration in AJK. Development of Forestry Sector Resources for Carbon Sequestration in Punjab. Development of Forestry Sector Resources for Carbon Sequestration in Balochistan. Development of Forestry Sector Resources for Carbon Sequestration in NWFP. Development of Forestry Sector Resources for Carbon Sequestration in FATA Environmental Rehabilitation and Poverty Reduction through Participatory Watershed Management Under implementation Under implementation Completed Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Current Status

29

in Tarbela Reservoir Catchments Area. AJK Poverty Reduction through Participatory Watershed Development. Environmental Rehabilitation Through Improvement/Promotion of Indigenous Tree Species in South AJK. Forestry Sector Research and Development Project. Implementation of Management Plan for Ayubia National Park, District Abbottabad. Planting of blank areas of Khanewal Irrigated Plantation. Programme for Mountain Areas Conservation NAs, Chitral, AJK. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 National Environmental Regulations, 2000. National Environmental Regulations, 2000. Quality Quality Standards Standards (Certification (Certification of of Environmental Environmental Laboratories) Laboratories) Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Completed Completed

Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan (Phase-I) Establishing National Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) Secretariat Pilot Project for Sewerage, Drainage & Sanitation Management Using E/M Technology for Environmental Improvement (Urban) Pilot Project for Sewerage, Drainage & Sanitation Management Using E/M Technology for Environmental Improvement (Rural) Provision of Drainage/Sewerage Management for Environmental Improvement at Mohallah Kot Fateh Khan & Awaisia Attock city. Provision of Drainage/Sewerage Management for Environmental Improvement at Cantonment Housing City Attock.

30

Drain type I, II, II and CC Block in Taluka Jacobabad, Thul, Garhi Khairo, Distt Jacobabad at various places for Environmental Improvement/Protection. Establishment of Environment Monitoring System in Pakistan. National Awareness Campaign on Energy Efficiency and Environment Protection Public Private Partnership Based Environment Friendly Public Transport System for Major Cities of Pakistan Energy Conservation through Training and Mass Awareness Campaign Project on National Environmental Information Management System Water, Environment and Sanitation (WES). UNICEF National Capacity Self Assessment (NCSA) for the implementation of UN Conventions on Biodiversity, Climate Change and Desertification (January 2004-December 2008) Mountain Area Conservation Project. Promotion of Energy Efficient Cooking, Heating and Housing Technologies (PEECH). Productive Uses of Renewable Energy in Chitral District, Pakistan (PURE-Chitral). Barrier Removal to the Cost-Effective Development and Implementation of Energy Standards and Labelling Project (BRESL) (Regional) Pakistan Sustainable Transport Project. Conservation of Habitats and Species of Global Significance in Arid and Semi-Arid Ecosystems in Balochistan. Protection and Management of Pakistan Wetlands. Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation into Production Systems in the Juniper Forest Ecosystem. Sustainable Development of Utility-Scale Wind Power Production (Phase 1).

Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Under implementation Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed 31

Rural Livelihoods Climate Change Adaptation Support Programme. CDM project Catalytic Abatement of Nitrous Oxide at the Tail Gas End of the Nitric Acid Plant of the Pakarab Fertilizers Limited, Multan. CDM project Landhi Cattle Waste Management Project. CDM project 84 MW New Bong Escape Hydropower Project. CDM project Pakarab Fertiliser Co-generation Power Project Version 02. CDM project Maple Leaf Generator Change Project, Maple Leaf Cement Factory Limited, Iskanderabad, Daud Khel, Pakistan. version 01. CDM project Fuel Switch and Energy Efficiency Project at Prosperity Weaving Mills. CDM project Construction of additional cooling tower cells at AES Lal Pir (Pvt.) Ltd. Muzaffar Garh, Pakistan Version 01. CDM project Almoiz Bagasse Cogeneration Project.Version 01. CDM project Fuel Switch to a less carbon intensive fuel at SFS Pvt. Ltd (SFSPL), Pakistan.” Version 01. CDM project Community Based Renewable Energy Development in Northern Areas of Pakistan. CDM project Gul Ahmed Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Project. Version 01. CDM project Composting of Organic Content of Municipal Solid Waste in Lahore, Pakistan. Version 01. CDM project Biogas-based Cogeneration Project at Shakarganj Mills Ltd., Jhang, Pakistan. Version. 01. CDM project Installation of natural gas based cogeneration system at Century Paper & Board Mills Ltd., Pakistan Version 01.

Completed Approved and registered Approved Approved and registered Approved Approved

Approved Approved and registered Approved Approved Approved and registered Approved Approved Approved Approved

32

CDM project waste heat recovery and utilization project at Cherat Cement Factory Ltd., Pakistan. Version. 01. CDM project DGKCC Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for 10.4 MW Power Generation at Dera Ghazi Khan Plant Version 01. CDM project ICI Polyester Co-generation Project, Version 01. CDM project Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for Power Generation at Maple Leaf Cement Factory Limited, Iskanderabad, Pakistan. Version. 01. CDM project Reduction of Heavy Fuel Oil usage for Power Generation at Lucky Cement, Pezu, Pakistan, Version, 02. CDM project Waste Heat Recovery based 15MW Power Generation project Bestway Cement Limited, Chakwal, Pakistan. Version 01. CDM project Grid connected combined cycle power plant project in Qadirpur utilizing permeate gas previous flared. Version 01. CDM project Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for Power Generation at Lucky Cement Limited Karachi Plant, Pakistan. Version 01. CDM project Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization for Power Generation at Lucky Cement Limited Pezu Plant, Pakistan. Version 01. Reports Pakistan’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change. Government of Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ministry of Environment. Islamabad- Pakistan. November 2003. Pakistan National Operational Strategy for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Pakistan’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change. Government of Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ministry of Environment. Islamabad- Pakistan. November 2003. Pakistan National Operational Strategy for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Pakistan’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change. Government of Islamic Republic of

Approved Approved Approved Approved Approved Approved Approved Approved Approved

Published Published Published Published Published

33

Pakistan Ministry of Environment. Islamabad- Pakistan. November 2003. Pakistan National Operational Strategy for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Pakistan’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change. Government of Islamic Republic of Pakistan Ministry of Environment. Islamabad- Pakistan. November 2003. Published Published

ii.

Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC)
Details Book On Water and New Technologies (edited by Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad), October, 2002. Mountains of Pakistan: Protection, Potential and Prospects (edited by Shahzad A Mufti, Syed Sajidin Hussain and Arshad M. Khan), 2003. Monograph on Climate Change: Global and OIC Perspective, 2004 (In collaboration with COMSTECH). Monograph on Energy Strategies for the OIC Member States, 2004 (In collaboration with COMSTECH). Proceeding of APN-CAPaBLE South Asia Workshop on Regional Climate Modeling, Islamabad, 16-27 February, 2004. Proceedings of APN-CAPaBLE South Asia Regional Training Workshop on Crop Simulation Modeling, Chiang Mai, Thailand, June 28- July 09, 2004. Proceedings of APN-CAPaBLE South Asia Regional Training Workshop on Watershed Modeling, Islamabad, 07-18 March, 2005. Proceedings of APN-CAPaBLE Regional Workshop on Climate Scenarios for South Asia, Kathmandu, Nepal, 15-19 August, 2005. Proceedings of APN-CAPaBLE Workshop on Development and Application of Climate Extreme Indices and Indicators for Monitoring Trends in Climate Extremes and Their Socio-economic Impacts in South Asia Countries, Islamabad, Jan. & August, 2006. Current Status Published Published Published Published Published

Published Published Published Published

34

Proceedings of APN-CAPaBLE Regional Workshop on Comprehensive Climate Change Research Results, Kathmandu, Nepal, 19-23 June, 2007. Proceedings of APN-CAPaBLE Briefing Seminar on Climate Change Research Results for National Planners and Policymakers, Islamabad, 28 August, 2007. Proceedings of GCISC Introductory Workshop on Mathematical Modelling and its Application to Developmental Issues (Organized by COMSATS), Islamabad, Oct. 29- Nov. 02, 2002. Proceedings of Capacity Building Workshop on Global Change Research (In collaboration with APN and Asianics Agro Dev International), Islamabad, 08-10 June, 2004. Proceedings of Global Change Perspective in Pakistan: Challenges, Impacts, Opportunities & Prospects. (In collaboration with APN and Asianics Agro Dev International), Islamabad, 28-30 April, 2005. Research paper on Effect of Remote Forcings on winter Precipitation of Central Southwest Asia Part 1: Observations, Faisal S. Syed, Filippo Giorgi, Jeremy Pal, M. P. King, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Springer, Germany, Vol. 86, Pp 147-160, 2006. Research paper on Droughts in Pakistan: Causes, Impacts and Remedial Measures, Pervaiz Amir and M. Munir Sheikh, Chapter 7 in the Book: Climate and water Resources in South Asia: Vulnerability and Adaptation, Edited by Amir Muhammad, M. Monirul Qader Mirza and Bonnie A. Stewart, Asianics Agro Dev. International, 2006. Research paper on Prospects for Wheat Production under Changing Climate in Mountain Areas of Pakistan – An Econometric Analysis, Hussain, S. S. and M. Mudasser, Science Direct, Agricultural Systems, Elsevier Applied Science, UK, Vol.94 pp. 494-501, 2007. Research paper on The ICTP RegCM3 and RegCNET: Regional Climate Modeling for the Developing World, Jeremy S. Pal, Filippo Giorgi, M. Ashfaq, Faisal S. Syed, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Research paper on Effect of Remote Forcings on winter Precipitation of Central Southwest Asia Part 2: Modeling, Faisal S. Syed, Filippo Giorgi, Jeremy Pal, M. P. King, Research paper on Greenhouse Gas emissions from agro-ecosystems and their contribution to environmental change in Indus Basin of Pakistan, M. Mohsin Iqbal, M. Arif Goheer,

Published Published Published Published Published

Published

Published

Published

Accepted Nov. 2006.

Submitted to Climate Dynamics, 2006. Submitted to Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2007.

35

Research paper on Remote Sensing and GIS Based Measurements of Temporal Changes in Lateral Dimensions of Biafo Glacier in Central Karakoram, Himalaya, Northern Pakistan, Muhammad Haroon Siddiqui, Ghazanfar Ali, Arshad M. Khan, Research paper on Variation in Fog Intensity/Duration and EI Nino, Faisal S. Syed, Asma Younas, Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Pakistan Meteorological Department, Islamabad, Vol.1 Issue:1 pp. 49, Jan-March 2004. Research paper on Climate Variability in Mountain Areas of Pakistan- Implications for water resources and agriculture, Hussain, S. S. Muddasser, M. Munir Sheikh, M.M. and M. Naeem, Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Pakistan Meteorological Department, Jan 26, 2005. Research paper on Simulations of 1992 Flood in River Jhelum using High Resolution Regional Climate Model, PRECIS to study the underlying Physical Processes involved in the Extreme Precipitation Event, Sajjad Saeed, M. Munir Sheikh, Syed Faisal Saeed, Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Vol. 03, Issue 06, December 2006. Muhammad Munir Sheikh, et al, Changing Climate Scenarios in Pakistan and in South Asia, Presented at International Workshop on: “Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture: Challenges and Strategies”, University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi, 27-30 August, 2003. S. Sajidin Hussain, Role of Virtual Water Trade in Agriculture under Climate Change in Pakistan, Presented at International Workshop on: “Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture: Challenges and Strategies”, University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi, 27-30 August, 2003. Muhammad Munir Sheikh, Past and Projected Climate Changes in Pakistan, Presented at APN Workshop: Water Resources in South Asia: An Assessment of Climate Change-associated Vulnerabilities and Coping Mechanisms, Kathmandu, Nepal, 15 - 19 Dec., 2003. Syed Sajidin Hussain, Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Mountain Areas of Pakistan, Presented at International Workshop on: “Adaptation to Climate Change in Mountain Ecosystems: Bridging Research and Policy”, Katmandu, Nepal, 3-5 March 2004. Syed Faisal Saeed, Simulation of Winter Precipitation over South Asia, Presented at Second Workshop on the Theory & Use of Regional Climate Models, Trieste, Italy, May 31 - June 9, 2004. M. Munir Sheikh, et al, Climate Change in Mountain Regions of Pakistan, Presented at APN Stakeholders meeting, Islamabad, Pakistan, 7 August, 2004.

Submitted to Hydrological Processes, 2007. Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published Published

36

Syed Sajidin Hussain, Climate Variability in Mountain Regions of Pakistan- Implications for Water and Agriculture, Presented at International Conference on: “Sustainability of Communities in Remote Environments: Hindukush, Pakistan”, Baragali, Galiat, Pakistan, 06-08 September, 2004. Syed Sajidin Hussain, Pakistan Site Selection for Case Study, Presented at International GECAFS Workshop, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 14-16 March, 2005. Arshad M. Khan, Development of Research on the Evaluation of Vulnerability under the APN CAPaBLE Programme and Future Research Priority Areas, Presented at APN Science Symposium “Environmental Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific Region - Assessments and Countermeasures”, Kobe, Japan, 13 April 2005. M. Munir Sheikh, et al, Climate Variability and Change in the Mountainous North of Pakistan, Presented at International Karakoram Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 25 - 27 April, 2005. Fahad Saeed, et al, Study of the Hydrological Impact of Global Warming in Hindukush- KarakurumHimalayan Region Using a Distributed Hydrological Model, Presented at International Karakurum Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 25 - 27 April 2005. Humaira Sultana, Agricultural Potential in Karakoram Region under Changing Climate, Presented at International Karakurum Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 25 - 27 April 2005. Syed Faisal Saeed, et al, Climate Simulation Evaluation and Transferability of Different Convective Schemes in RegCM3 Over South Asia Region, Presented at the Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Beijing, China, 2 - 11 August 2005. Naeem Manzoor, et al, ENSO & NAO Influences over the Weather of Pakistan, Poster presentation at Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS 2005), Beijing, China, 2-11 August 2005. S. Shoaib Raza, et al, Simulation of Weather Events During Monsoon Season over South Asia Using RegCM3, Presented at the Scientific Assembly of IAMAS 2005, Beijing, China, 2 - 11 August 2005. Fahad Saeed, et al, Impact Assessment of Land Cover Changes in Upper Indus Basin Using Distributed Hydrological Model: A Case Study of Siran Watershed, Poster Presented at International Workshop on Land Surface Models and their Applications, Zhuhai, China, 15 – 18 November 2005.

Published

Published Published

Published Published

Published Published

Published

Published

Published

37

M. Mudasser, Impact of Change in Climate and Water Resources on Wheat Production in Arid and Semi Arid Area of Punjab, Pakistan, Poster Presented at International Workshop on: “Land Surface Models and their Applications”, Zhuhai, China, 15-18 Nov. 2005. M. Munir Sheikh, et al, Climate Change – A Global Issue, Presented at International Workshop on Impact of Weather and Climate on Society Affairs, Department of Meteorology, CIIT, Islamabad, Pakistan, 24 - 26 Nov. 2005. Kashif Majeed Salik, Site Characterization GUJRAT-Pakistan, Presented at Plenary meeting of GECAFS Project, Kathmandu, Nepal, 12-15 Dec. 2005. Nazim Ali, Food System in Pakistan, Presented at Plenary meeting of GECAFS Project, Kathmandu, Nepal, 12-15 Dec. 2005. Sajida A. Noor, et al, Genetic Interrelationship and Their Implications for Yield Improvement in Linseed, Presented at International Frontis Workshop on “Gene-Plant Crop Relations- Scale and Complexity in Plant Systems Research”, WICC, Wageningen, Netherlands, 23 - 26 April 2006. M. Munir Sheikh, Mountainous North of Pakistan in the Context of Past and Projected Climate Changes, Presented at Karakoram-Kashmir International Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 31 May 2006. Fahad Saeed, Impact Assessment of Land Cover Changes in Upper Indus Basin Presented at Third ICTP Workshop on the Theory and Use of Regional Climate Models, Trieste, Italy 1 – 9 June 2006. Nazim Ali, Climate Change and Water Supply Security in Karachi, Presented at International Workshop under Global Water System Project (GWSP-Asia), Guangzhou, China, 8 - 12 June 2006. Mohsin Iqbal, Field activities in Gujrat District, Pakistan-GECAFS IGP Site 1, Presented at GECAFS IGP CPW&F and APN Launching Workshop, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27- 30 June 2006. Nazim Ali, Vulnerability Assessment of Food System, Presented at GECAFS IGP CPW&F and APN Launching Workshop, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27- 30 June 2006. Arif Goheer, Climate Change and Food Production in Pakistan, Presented at GECAFS IGP CPW&F and APN Launching Workshop, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27- 30 June 2006.

Published

Published

Published Published Published

Published

Published

Published

Published Published Published

38

Kashif Majeed, Mapping to GECAFS Food Matrix-Gujrat Pakistan (IGP, Site 1), Survey Results, Presented at GECAFS IGP CPW&F and APN Launching Workshop, Kathmandu, Nepal, 27- 30 June 2006. M. Arif Goheer, et al, Rice production in the semiarid irrigated areas of central Punjab, Pakistan under changing climatic scenarios: impacts and adaptations, Presented at International symposium on sustainable crop improvement and integrated management. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 14 -16 September 2006. Humaira Sultana, Vulnerability of Wheat Production in Different Climatic Zones of Pakistan under Climate Change Scenarios using CSM-CERES-Wheat Model, Poster Presented at 2nd International Young Scientists’ Conference, Beijing, China, 3-8 Nov., 2006. Siraj ul Islam, Future Change in the Frequency of Warm and Cold Spells Durations over Pakistan Simulated by the PRECIS Regional Climate Model, Poster Presented at 2nd Young Scientists’ Global Change Conference (YSC), Beijing, China, 5 - 8, November 2006. Siraj ul Islam, Future Change in the Frequency of Warm and Cold Spells Durations over Pakistan Simulated by the PRECIS Regional Climate Model, Poster Presented at Earth System Science Partnership’s (ESSP) Open Science Conference (OSC) on Global Environmental Change: Regional Challenges, Beijing, China, 09-12 November, 2006. Sajida Ali, Optimizing the use of water through direct seeding of rice - CERES- Rice model Studies in the Semi -Arid Irrigated plains of Punjab, Presented at International Forum on Water and Food, Vientiane, Lao PDR, 12 - 17 November 2006. M. Munir Sheikh, et al, Climate Extreme Trends in South Asia, Presented at International Conference on Global Change (Joint AS-ICTP and NCP Activity), Islamabad, Pakistan, 13 - 17 November 2006. Siraj-ul-Islam, et al, Assessment of Future Change in Temperature and Precipitation over Pakistan (Simulated by PRECIS RCM for A2 Scenario), Presented at International Conference on Global Change (Joint AS-ICTP and NCP Activity), Islamabad, Pakistan, 13 - 17 November 2006. Nauman Khurshid, Investigation of wind power potential along coastline of Pakistan using Mesoscale Model, Presented at International Conference on Global Change (Joint AS-ICTP and NCP Activity), Islamabad, Pakistan, 13 - 17 November 2006.

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

39

Mohsin Iqbal, Monsoon Asia Mountain Zone of Pakistan-National Perspective, Presented at MAIRS Mountain Workshop, Beijing, China, 14 - 17 Nov., 2006. Rehan Anis, Comparison of Different Interpolation Methods for Temperature Mapping in Pakistan, Presented at 2nd International Conference on Water Resources and Arid Environment, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 26 - 29 November 2006. Imran Shahid, Effect of Transboundary Air Pollution on Air Quality of Northeastern Region of Pakistan, Poster Presented at Better Air Quality Workshop, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 13 - 15 December 2006. Nazim Ali, Food Security, Policy Change? Why? What? Where? And How?, Presented at Project Meeting of APN Food System, Kathmandu, Nepal, 01-02 March 2007. Muhammad Haroon Siddiqui, et al, Remote Sensing and GIS Based Measurements of Temporal Changes in Lateral Dimensions of Biafo Glacier in Central Karakoram, Himalaya, Northern Pakistan, Presented at Glaciers in Watershed and Global Hydrology, Obergurgl, Austria, 27-31 August, 2007. Arshad M. Khan, Climate Change Research in Pakistan, Presented at International Symposium on Natural Cataclysms and Global Problems of Modern Civilization, Baku, Azerbaijan, 24-27 September, 2007. Ghazanfar Ali, Impact of Climate Change on Fresh Water Resources of Pakistan, Presented at Climate Science and Policy Workshop, Bangkok, Thailand, 12-13 January, 2008. DR-1. Climate Profile and Past Climate Changes in Pakistan. DR-2. Climate Change Scenarios for Pakistan and Some South Asian Countries Based on Six Different GCMs and their Ensemble. DR-3. Climate Change Scenarios for Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh for SRES A2 and A1B Scenarios using outputs of IPCC AR4 17 GCMs (Interim Report). DR-4. Validation of Regional Climate Model PRECIS over South Asia. DR-5. Assessment of Future Change in Temperature Extreme Indices using Regional Climate Model PRECIS over Pakistan.

Published Published

Published

Published Published

Published

Published Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007

40

DR-6. Climate Change Scenarios over South Asia Region Simulated by PRECIS RCM (Interim Report). DR-7. Validation of Regional Climate Model RegCM3 over South Asia. DR-8. Climate Change Scenarios for 2050s & 2080s over South Asia using Regional Climate Model RegCM3 (Interim Report) DR-10. Comparison of Different Interpolation Methods for Temperature Mapping in Pakistan. DR-11. Calibration and Validation of Watershed Models (e.g. DHSVM, UBC) for Basins of Interest. DR-12. Monitoring of Bravo Glacier of Karakoram Using Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) Techniques. DR-13. Climate Change: Implications and Adaptation of Water Resources in Pakistan. DR-14. Climate Change and Wheat Production in Pakistan: Calibration, Validation and Application of CERES-Wheat Model. DR-15. Climate Change and Rice Production in Pakistan: Calibration, Validation and Application of CERES-Rice Model. DR-16. Climate Change and Agriculture in Pakistan: Adaptation Strategies to Cope with Negative Impacts.

Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007 Draft prepared in 2007

iii.

National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON)
Details Symposium On Energy Efficiency (1998) Energy Education Programme Update Pakistan Solar Architecture Managing the Energy Transition in Pakistan Current Status Published Published Published Published

41

Performance Indicators for Ferts Project Automotive Engine Diagnosis & Tune-up Economizers and Air Pre-heaters Economic Thickness of Insulations Lighting System Steam Trap Tuning of Boilers and Furnace for High Efficiency Energy Conservation Opportunities in the Textile Industry Energy Conservation Opportunities in the Textile Industry Energy Conservation Opportunities in the Steel Re-rolling Industry Combustion Analyzer and Control Waste Heat Recovery Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Energy Measurement and Instrumentation Cogeneration Energy Conservation Management Energy Efficiency & Management in the Glass Industry Energy Efficiency in Steam Distribution System Improving Steam Boiler Operating Efficiency

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

42

Improving Steam Boiler Operating Efficiency Improving Steam Boiler Operating Efficiency Study on Financial and Legislative Constraints to Industrial Energy Conservation Study on Financial and Legislative Constraints to Industrial Energy Conservation Detailed Energy Survey Report for Colony Thal Textile Mills, Bhakkar Detailed Energy Survey Report for Punjab Cooking Oil Ltd. Detailed Energy Survey Report for Simples Rubber Manufacturers Ltd., Karachi Detailed Energy Survey Report for Star Textile Mills, Karachi Detailed Energy Survey Report for Sh. Abdul Rahim Alladitta Steel Rerolling Mill, Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for ShakarGanj Mills Ltd., Jhang Detailed Energy Survey Report for Indus Jute Mills, Thatta Detailed Energy Survey Report for Punjab Steel, Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for Lahore Steel Rerolling Mill, Lahore Energy Survey Report Regal Ceramics, Gujranwala Industrial Energy Survey for Nakshbandi Industries Detailed Energy Survey Report for Servis Industries Ltd. Gujrat Detailed Energy Survey Report for Nakshbandi Industries, Karachi Promoting Industrial Energy Conservation Vol: I Detailed Energy Survey Report for Aga Khan Hospital, Karachi

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

43

Detailed Energy Survey Report for Modern Steel Ltd, Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for Crescent Jute Products Ltd., Faisalabad Detailed Energy Survey Report for Crescent Textile Mills Ltd. Faisalabad Detailed Energy Survey Report for National Tanneries Ltd. Muridke Detailed Energy Survey Report for Lasani Steel Mills Ltd. Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for New Era Steel, Karachi Detailed Energy Survey Report for Colony Textile Mills, Multan Detailed Energy Survey Report for Colony Sarhad Textile Mills Ltd. Nowshera Detailed Energy Survey Report for Packages Ltd. Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd., Faisalabad Detailed Energy Survey Report for Shabbir Tiles and Ceramics Ltd. Karachi Detailed Energy Survey Report for Dawood Cotton Mills, Karachi Detailed Energy Survey Report for Liberty Mills Ltd., Karachi Detailed Energy Survey Report for Haroon Textile Industries, Gujranwala Detailed Energy Survey Report for Sampak Industries Ltd., Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for Adamjee Paper & Board Mills Nowshera Detailed Energy Survey Report for Layyah Sugar Mills, Layyah Detailed Energy Survey Report for Javed Pervez Corporation Ltd. Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for S.H. Steel & Rerolling Mills Ltd., Islamabad

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

44

Detailed Energy Survey Report for Glaxo Laboratories, Lahore Detailed Energy Survey Report for Bata Pakistan Ltd., Lahore Study on Energy Efficiency and Activities of Other Organizations Especially in Road Transport Sector of the Country Strengthening the Institution of Motor Vehicles Examiners (MVE) Pakistan Study to Determine the Effect of Canopy on Fuel Efficiency of Trucks Study in Base Line (Ambient Air Quality) Transportation Energy Assessment of Islamabad Assessment of Current Levels of Fuel Efficiency in Road Transport Sector (Phase-II) Study on Self Regulation to Control Overloading of Trucks by Trucking Industry of the Country Study on Improving Vehicular Emissions in Pakistan Fuel Cell Study Study on Impact of Fuel (Gasoline and Diesel) Quality on Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Lighting Efficiency Improvement Program Phase I Existing Instrumented Tune-Up Facilities in Pakistan Study on Energy Efficiency and Activities of other organizations Especially in Road Transport Sector of the Country Study on Conversion of Diesel Vehicles to CNG & Related Issues ESMAP: A Strategic Plan for Pakistan’s National Energy Conservation Center Vol-I Steam System Survey Reports (ACE Project) Boiler Furnace Tune-Up Reports-I (ACE Project)

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

45

Boiler Furnace Tune-Up Reports-II (ACE Project) Detailed Energy Survey Report for Frontier Foundry, Peshawar Detailed Energy Survey Report for Kohat Textile Mills Ltd. Kohat Detailed Energy Survey Report for Pak Steel Re-Rolling Mills, Islamabad Detailed Energy Survey Report for Layyah Sugar Mills, Layyah Impact of Fuel (Gasoline & Diesel) Quality on Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Study on Emission Reduction and Fuel Conservation through Fleet Management Existing Instrumented Tune-Up Facilities in Pakistan Study on Improving Vehicular Emission Standards in Pakistan Assessment of Current Levels of Fuel Efficiency in Road Transport Sector (Vol-I)

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

iv.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak- EPA)
Details Ambient air Quality Investigation in Quetta 2007- Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of Environment, Pakistan Environment Programme. Ambient Air Quality in Pakistan. Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of Environment Current Status Published Published

v. vi.

Forestry Wing, Ministry of Environment None available Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar
Details Forest ecosystem climate change impact assessment and adaptation strategies for Pakistan. K. M. Siddiqui, Iqbal Mohammad, Mohammad Ayaz. Vol. Current Status Published

46

CLIMATE RESEARCH. Clim Res. 12: 195–203, 1999

vii. B.

Zoological Survey Department (ZSD) PLANNING COMMISSION, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN
Details Final report of the Task Force on Climate Change. 2010 Current Status Published

i.

Pakistan Institute for Development Economics (PIDE)
Details Establishment of a Centre of Excellence on Environmental Economics and Climate Change. 2009 Current Status Established

C. i.

MINISTRY OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) a. Water Resources Research Institute, National Agriculture Research Council
Current Status Published

Details Ahmed, S., N. Bhatti and R. Majeed, 2002. Water informatics in Book on Water and Innovative technologies. Ed. By Global Change Impact Study Centre, Islamabad, October 2002. Azam, M., S. Ahmed, Z. Hussain, M. Yasin, M. Aslam and R. Majeed, 2005. Efficiency of water and energy use for production of organic wheat. Science Technology and Development, 24 (1): 25-29. Shafiq, M., A.G. Mangrio, M. A. Naeem and M. Aslam, 2005. Spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall and its management for increased crop productivity in Rawalpindi region. Journal of Science, Technology and development, 24(4):47-54. Pomee, M.S., M.A. Khan, M.Z. Ikram, I. Ali and A. Wahab, 2004. Guidelines for field calibration of irrigation outlets commonly used in Indus Basin irrigation system. Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, 9(1): 9-16.

Published Published

Published

47

Shafiq, M., M. Aslam, B. Ahamd, M.M. Ahamd and A.G. Mangrio, 2004. Ground watertable status in dugwells at Fatehjang (Attock) target area. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 23(1): 129-137. Shafiq, M., Z. Hussain and M. Aslam, 2004. Effect of water conservation and fertilization on yield of rainfed wheat. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 20(3): 409-414. Latif, M. and M.S. Pomee, 2003. Impacts of intuitional reforms on irrigated Agriculture in Pakistan. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Netherlands, 17(3): 195-212. Shafiq, M., 2003. Management of water for improving farm productivity. Pakistan Agriculture, III (2): 24-27. Shafiq, M., B. Ahmed, A. Rashid and M. Aslam, 2003. Response of rainfed maize to integrated nutrient management and water conservation. Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, 22(1): 28-35. Shafiq, M., I. Hassan and Z. Hussain, 2003. Maize crop production and water use efficiency as affected by planting methods. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 2(1): 141-144. Yasin, M., S. Ahmed, Z. Hussain, P.M. Moshabbir and M. M. Ahmed, 2003. Optimum water utilization in Pakistan: adaptation of pressurized irrigation systems. Science Technology and Development, 21(2): 43-62. Akbar, G., M. Yasin, Z. Hussain, M.M. Ahmed and Z. Khan, 2002. Rootzone salinity management using skimming dugwells with raingun sprinkler irrigation. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 18(4): 415425. Latif, M. and M.S. Pomee, 2002. Irrigation management turnover: an option for improved utilization of limited water resources In Pakistan. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, England, (52): 261-272. Nasir, A, K. Uchida, M. Shafiq and M. Khan, 2002. Monitoring soil erosion in a mountainous watershed under high rainfall zone in Pakistan. Rural and Environmental Engineering, Japan, 43 (8): 23-30. Roohi, R., S. Ahmed and A. Ashraf, 2002. Characterization and classification of agro-climate of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 17(3): 245-254. Ahmed, S. and R. Majeed, 2001. Indus basin irrigation System water budget and associated problems. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 20(1):

Published

Published Published Published Published Published Published

Published

Published Published

Published Published

48

Akbar, G., M. Yasin, S. Ahmed, M.M. Ahmed and M. Ashraf, 2001. Comparative performance of sprinkler and surface irrigation Methods. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 17(4): 601-608. Shafiq, M. 2001. Rain water harvesting for sustained agricultural production. Science Technology and Development, 20(1): 37-45. Shafiq, M. 2001. Rain water harvesting for sustained agricultural production. Science Technology and Development, 20(1): 37-45. Shafiq, M. and B. Ahmed, 2000. Wheat crop water requirement and effective rainfall in medium and high rainfall zones of Rawalpindi region. Science Technology and Development, 19(2): 6-12. Ahmed, B., M. Shafiq, S. Ahmed and M. Yasin, 1999. Low head drip irrigation system for small land holdings. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 18 (2): 1-6. Ahmed, S., M. Yasin, A.A. Bhatti and M. Aslam, 1999. Benefits of supplemental irrigation of wheat crop under rainfed farming systems. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1): 167173. Jehan, Z., M. Aslam, S. Ahmed and A. Kabir, 1999. Low cost sand fitter for domestic and stock water use. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(4): 1415-1418. Khan, M., T. Hata, A. Tada and H. Tanakamaru, 1999. Potential of estimating flood hydrographs by SCS and simple models for an experimental watershed in Pakistan. Journal of Irrigation Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, Japan, 1(20): 61-67. Niazi, B.H., J. Rozena, R. Amin, M. Salim and A. Rashid, 1999. Physiological characteristics of fodder beets grown in saline sodic soils of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(3): 595-598. Roohi, R., N.M. Khan, A. Ashraf and S. Ahmed, 1999. Soil-erosion and land-degradation analysis of Pothwar tract, using remote-sensing data. Science Vision, 5(2): 62-65. Yasin, M., A.G. Mangrio, M. Aslam and M.J. Siddiqui, 1999. Pressure discharge relations of the raingun (PY1-30) sprinkler irrigation system. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 15(2): 107-113. Ahmed, B. and N.M Khan, 1998. Stream-flow simulation of Kanchi River by using hydrological model. Pakistan Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 17(1): 73-82.

Published Published Published Published Published Published

Published Published

Published

Published Published

49

Shafiq, M., B. Ahmed and M.Z. Ikram, 1998. Improvement in water harvesting from catchments by compaction and sodium carbonate under variable slope gradients. Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, 14 (1-2): 27-31. Shah, S., M.B. Ahmed, H.F. Gabriel and A. Azhar, 1998. Conceptual modelling of a semi-arid catchment of Pakistan. Science Technology and Development, 17(1): 1-8. Shafiq, M., S. Ahmed, A. Nasir, M.Z. Ikram, M. Aslam and M. Khan, 1997. Surface runoff from degraded scrub forest watershed under high rainfall zone. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 16(1): 7-12. Shafiq, M., A. Hassan and S. Ahmed, 1995. Effect of crop rotation, tillage techniques, fertilization and weed control on yield of wheat and green gram under rainfed conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 65(8): 591-593. Shafiq, M., M. Z. Ikram, M. Ahmed and M. Aslam, 1994. Soil characteristics and surface runoff as affected by vegetative cover under rainfed conditions. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(1): 25-29. Shafiq, M., S. Ahmed, M.Z. Ikram and M. Aslam, 1994. Potential for water harvesting under medium rainfall zone of Pothwar. Science Technology and Development, 13(3): 45-49. Siddiqi, M. J, 1992. Analysis of daily rainfall data to know the best planting dates of summer and winter season crops in Islamabad. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(1): 63-71. Siddiqi, M. J. 1992. Gamma distribution function for modelling rainfall amounts of Faisalabad. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(2): 69-76. Siddiqi, M. J. 1992. Modelling water use and yield deficit of maize in the rainfed areas of Pakistan. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(1): 105-113. Ahmed, S., M. Yasin and M.M. Ahmed, 1991. Flow measurements with portable Cut-throat flume and broad-crested weir in flat gradient channels. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Systems, The Netherlands, 5: 141-150. Ahmed, S. and D.F. Heermann, 1990. Computerized scheduling for irrigation management and pumping operations in the watercourse command. International Journal of Agricultural Water Management, The Netherlands, (18): 1-13.

Published

Published Published

Published

Published

Published Published Published Published Published

Published

50

Ahmed, S. and R. Khan, 1990. Watercourse conveyance efficiency and water availability on a watercourse command. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9(2): 67-73. Yasin, M. and S. Ahmed, 1990. Spatial variability in seasonal crop evapotranspiration and moisture stress functions. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9(2): 81-87. Ahmed, M.M., S.M. Shah, S. Ahmed and R. Amin, 1989. Consumptive use of water for wheat in southern NWFP. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 8(2): 81-84. Ahmed, S. 1989. Irrigation scheduling as affected by planting dates for three major crops. Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, 2(2): 12-18. Ahmed, S. 1989. Stochastic analysis of river flows and canal diversions in Indus basin. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 8(4): 29-35. Ahmed, S. and D.F. Heermann, 1989. Irrigation scheduling and water availability at watercourse command. International Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Systems, The Netherlands, (3): 1 93203. Amin, R., M. Shafiq and S. Ahmed, 1988. Effect of moisture conservation techniques on the yield of soybean under high rainfall condition of Pothwar. Journal of Science and Technology, Peshawar, 12: (1-4). Hussain, Q., P.M. Moshabbir and F. Christoph, 1988. Relationship between observed and estimated crop evapotranspiration and climatic variations. Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (Japan), 21(3): 61-65. Ahmed, S. 1987. Micro-catchment farming for agriculture in low rainfall areas of Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(1): 111-119. Ahmed, S. 1987. Micro-catchment farming for agriculture in low rainfall areas of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(1): 111-119. Chaudhry, M.A. and M. Shafiq, 1986. Effect of crop management on soil and water conservation. Journal of Agricultural Research, 24(1): 17-25. Chaudhry, M.A. and M. Shafiq, 1986. Soil management as a key factor in soil and water conservation. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 5(1): 73-78.

Published Published Published Published Published Published

Published

Published Published Published Published

51

Khokar, M.A., R. Amin, and M. Shafiq, 1986. Effect of different tillage and planting pattern on moisture utilization for corn production under rainfed conditions. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 7 (2): 105-108. Muhammad, N., R. Roohi and C.M.A. Khan, 1985. Desert rangeland rehabilitation in Pakistan. Pakistan Agriculture, 7: 33-36. Ahmed, S., 1983. Computer modeling of rainfall probability for Jhelum area of Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(4): 232-237. Hussain, Z. 1982. Problems of irrigated agriculture. Agricultural Water Management, Holland, (5): 359-374. Ahmed, S. 1981. Computer modeling for practical irrigation scheduling in Punjab of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(4): 260-268. Hussain, Z., P.M. Moshabbir and M. Yasin, 2004. Water use efficiencies in the agriculture sector of Pakistan; Proceedings of the National Workshop on Water and Sanitation and Expo at National Library, Islamabad, June 10-12, 2004. Hussain, Z. and M. Yasin, 2003. Surface irrigation methods. Paper presented in JICA workshop on Appropriate Surface Irrigation, October 15, 2003, Islamabad. Moshabbir, P.M., Z. Hussain and M. Yasin, 2003. Empowering local community/water users for sustainable watershed management: Challenges and Strategies. Paper presented in the Seminar on Water Resources Management for Sustainable Agricultural Productivity, October 6-11, 2003, Lahore, NPO. Ministry of Industries and Production, GOP, Islamabad. Hussain, Z., A. McClean, M. Aslam and H. Ijaz, 2002. Renewable energy for rural development. International Conference on Renewable Energy, Dhaka, Bangladesh, January 19-21, 2002. Hussain, Z., M.M. Ahmed, M. Yasin and Z. Khan, 2002. Establish minimum irrigation requirement for trees and shrubs for maximizing deep rooting without adversely affecting aerial growth. Proceedings of Research Results Workshop. Organized by IWASRI, UNDP, AusAid and GOP, August 26, 2002, Lahore. Latif, M. and M.S. Pomee, 2002. Impacts of farmers managed irrigation system under drought conditions. Proceedings of the National Symposium on Drought and Water Resources in Pakistan. Centre of Excellence in Water \Resources Engineering, Lahore, Pakistan.

Published

Published Published Published Published Published

Published Published

Published Published

Published

52

Ahmed, S. and J. Ahmed, 1999. The impact of the Mangla watershed management project Pakistan. In the Book on: The Impact of Participatory Watershed management. Ed. F Hinchcliffe, J Thompson, J Pretty, I Guijt and Shah IT Publications, UK. 332-339. Hussain, Z., 1999. Airborne Geophysics Technique to contain desertification for assessment of degraded lands and water resources in arid environment. International Scientific Conference (Desertification and Soil Degradation), Moscow, November 09-15, 239-246. Shafiq, M., A. Nasir and B. Ahmed, 1998. Hydrological characteristics and soil erosion from scrub forest watersheds under high rainfall zone of Pothwar. Proceedings of International Symposium on Agro-environmental Issues and Future Strategies: Towards 21st century, May 25-30, 1998, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Yasin, M. and S. Ahmed, 1997. Modernization of irrigation schemes in Pakistan. Proceedings of the Expert Consultation on Modernization of Irrigation Schemes - Past Experiences and Future Options. November 26-29, 1997, Bangkok, Thailand. Yousaf, M., S. Ahmed and R. Roohi, 1996. Water harvesting and conjunctive use of water for sustainable dryland agriculture in Balochistan of Pakistan. Proceeding on Natural Resource Management, ICARDA, Tunisia. Ahmed, S., R. Roohi and M. Yasin, 1995. Sustainable development of new irrigation schemes. Paper prepared for members of working group on Development of New Farmers' Managed Irrigation Schemes, July 05, 1995, Islamabad, PATA project, Saidu-Sharif, NWFP, Pakistan. Khan, M., T. Hata, and A. Tada, 1995. Derivation of an average monsoon Curve Number for Rawal watershed of Pakistan. 52nd conference of Kyoto Branch, Japan Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, 142-143. Shafiq, M., Z. Ikram and A. Nasir, 1995. Water harvesting techniques for sustainable agriculture in dry and cold mountain areas. Regional Workshop on Sustainable Agriculture in Dry and Cold Mountains, ICIMOD/PARC. September 25- 27, 1995, Quetta. Bhatti, A.A. 1994. Introduction to Hydra Ram pump; Proceedings of the Workshop on Pressurized Irrigation, Water Harvesting Conservation and Hydra Ram Pumps HALCROW Rural Management, Islamabad, 13-15, 1994. Moshabbir, P.M. 1994. Economics of pressurized irrigation systems; Proceedings of the Workshop on Pressurized Irrigation, Water Harvesting Conservation and Hydra Ram Pumps, HALCROW

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

53

Rural Management, Islamabad, June 13-15, 1994. Uchida, S., R Roohi and S. Ahmed, 1994. Land degradation analysis of rainfed agricultural area in Pakistan using remote sensing data. Proceeding of the 15th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, Banglore, India. Yasin, M. 1994. Equipment selection and field layout of pressurized irrigation systems. Proceedings of the Workshop on Pressurized Irrigation, Water Harvesting/Conservation and Hydra Ram Pumps. June 13-15, 1994, HALCROW Rural Management and NARC, Islamabad, Pakistan. Yasin, M. 1994. Irrigation and drainage systems in Pakistan. Country Report Presented in the 10th International Training Course in Irrigation and Drainage, November 08-December 10, 1994 at IESC, Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia. Yasin, M. 1994. Irrigation application and its prospects. Presented in the Seminar on Irrigation and Drainage for Agriculture and its Development, December 09, 1994 at Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia. Aslam, M. and S. Ahmed, 1993. Water resources management for sustainable development in Pakistan's agriculture. Country Report Presented in-Group Training Course in Water Resources Management. July 7-30, 1993, Bangkok, Thailand. Bhatti, A.A., M.M. Ahmed, P.M. Moshabbir and S. Ahmed, 1993. Benefits of supplemental irrigation for wheat in Barani environment. Proceedings Irrigation Systems Management Research Symposium, April 11-13, 1993, IIMI-Pakistan, Islamabad. Moshabbir, P.M. and S. Khan, 1993. Management of groundwater resources in Pakistan. Proceedings of the Expert Consultation of the Asian Network on Water Lifting Devices and Groundwater Management for Irrigation, September 27-October 1, 1993, Bangkok, Thailand. Moshabbir, P.M., S. Ahmed, M. Yasin and M.M. Ahmed, 1993. Indigenization of trickle irrigation technology. Proceedings of Irrigation Systems Management Research Symposium, April 11-13, 1993, IIMI-Pakistan, Islamabad. Yasin, M., S. Ahmed, M.M. Ahmed and A.A. Bhatti, 1993. Innovative surface irrigation methods for orchards. Proceedings of Irrigation Systems Management Research Symposium, April 11-13, 1993, IIMI-Pakistan, Islamabad. Roohi, R. and S. Ahmed, 1992. Agro-climatic characterization and classification. In Jamil, F.F. and Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

54

S.H.M. Naqvi. Proceedings of COMSTECH-NIAB International Workshop on Agro-climatology, pests and diseases and their control. Yasin, M. 1992. Land improvement and water management for paddy area. Proceedings of the 5th seminar on the Development of Appropriate Technology, August 17-27, 1992, Japanese Institute of Irrigation and Drainage, Tokyo, Japan, II (4): 11-15. Shafiq, M., S. Ahmed and M.Z. Ikram, 1991. An integrated approach for soil and water conservation. A case study: Regional Seminar of Selected NGOs Media and Women on Desertification Control. 2-6, 1991, Manila. Ahmed, S., M. Khan and M.Z. Ikram, 1990. Soil and water conservation and integrated land use in Pothwar Pakistan. Proceedings of International Symposium on Soil Physics: Application Under Stressed Environments. January 22- 26, 1989, Islamabad. Yasin, M., S. Ahmed and Z. Hussain, 1990. Seasonal crop evapotranspiration-moisture stress functions for major climatic zones in Pakistan. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Applied Soil Physics in Stressed Environments. January 22-26, 1990, PARC, Islamabad. Khan, M. 1989. Mathematical simulation of unsteady flow. Technical Affairs of Irrigation Water Management in the Respective Countries, Tsukuba International Agricultural Training Centre, Japan, November, 1989. Khan, M. 1989. Irrigation Project in Arid Land. Technical Affairs on Irrigation Water Management in the Respective Countries, Tsukuba International Agricultural Training Centre, Japan, November, 1989. Ahmed, S., 1988. Economic evaluation of soil and water conservation schemes. Proceedings of ICARDA/AZRI Workshop on Water Harvesting and Soil and Water Conservation. December 3-8, 1988, Quetta/Islamabad. Ahmed, S., 1988. Soil and water conservation in semi-arid and sub-humid areas. Proceedings of ICARDA/AZRI Workshop on Water Harvesting and Soil and Water Conservation. December 3-8, 1988, Quetta/Islamabad. Hussain, Z. and S. Ahmed, 1988. Irrigation for sustained agriculture in Barani areas. Paper Presented in Workshop on Water Harvesting and Soil and Water Conservation. December 3-8, 1988, Quetta, Islamabad. Hussain, Z., S, Ahmed and G.R. Sandhu, 1988. Water management through improved irrigation Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

55

practices. Proc. International Seminar on Hydrological Aspects of Drainage in Irrigated Areas, Tandojam, March 27-30, 1998. Hussain, Z., S. Ahrnad and G.R. Sandhu, 1988. Management of agricultural research in Pakistan by PARC (Country Report). Presented in SAARC workshop on Agriculture Water Management August 29- September 9, 1988, Hyderabad, India. Hussein, Z. 1988. Irrigated agriculture in rainfed areas International Workshop on Water Harvesting, December 3-6, 1988, ICARDA-AZRI, Quetta. Ikram, M.Z. and M. Khan, 1988. Land development in barani areas. Workshop on water harvesting, soil and water conservation. December 3-8, 1989 at Quetta and Islamabad. Shafiq, M., 2004. Water management to alleviate poverty. The News KHI-LHR-RWP, June 2004. Aslam, M. and M. Shafiq, 2003. Methods of water conservation in rainfed areas and their effects. Monthly Jadid Zarait, 21(5): 8-12. Ikram, M.Z., and Z. Hussain, 2003. Water resources management and desertification. The News RWP-LHR-KHI. August 11, 2003. Shafiq, M. and Z. Hussain, 2003. Improving water productivity “DAWN” ISB-LHR-KHI, August 2, 2003. Shafiq, M. and Z. Hussain, 2003. Sustainable agriculture in rainfed areas. Monthly Jadid Zarait, June 2003. Aslam, M., Z. Hussain and Q. Hussain, 2002. New irrigation technology holds big Promise. DAWN ISB-LHR-KHI, June 01, 2002. Shafiq, M. and Z. Hussain, 2002. Increasing crop Production in Barani areas. The News KHI-LHRRWP, November 4, 2002. Shafiq, M. and Z. Hussain, 2002. Management of rainwater beneficial to sustainable agriculture production DAWN KHI-LHR-ISB, May 18, 2002. Shafiq, M., 2001. Soil and water conservation in rainfed areas. Monthly Jadid Zarait, 19(6): 12-13. Published

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

56

Roohi, R. 1995. Management of wet mountains and sustainability Issues. In Ahmed S, Wetlands Assessment and Management Training Module, WRRI, NARC, PARC, Pakistan. Roohi, R., N. M. Khan and A. Ashraf, 1995. Use of GIS and remote sensing in wetlands assessment. In: Ahmed, S., Wetlands Assessment and Management Training Module, WRRI, NARC, PARC, Pakistan. Ikram, M.Z. and M. Aslam, 1994. Land development for rainwater conservation. Progressive Farming, 14(5): 60-65. Ahmed, S., R. Roohi, M.A. Arshaf, R. Majeed and S.A. Hussain, 2001. Drought Relief Programme: A study conducted for development of criteria for ranking of drought-affected districts to assign priority for allocation of resources. Water Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, 6p. Ahmed, S., R. Roohi, R. Majeed, 2001. Mapping and Assessment of Food Security Zones for all Districts of Pakistan. Digital map, WRRI, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Ahmed, S., Z. Hussain, A. Sarwar, R. Majeed and M.S. Pomee, 2004. Drought Mitigation in Pakistan: Current Status and Options for Future Strategies. A feasibility study of regional project on Drought management published by IWMI, Sri Lanka, Colombo, 80p.

Published

Published

Published Published

Published Published

D. i. ii. iii. iv. v.

MINISTRY FOR WATER AND POWER, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Federal Flood Commission None available Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) None available Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) None available Private Power Infrastructure Board (PPIB) None available Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB)

57

None available E. i. MINISTRY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Pakistan Council for Research on Water Resources (PCRWR)
Details Nasir A., Uchida K., Ashraf M. (2006), Estimation of soil erosion by using RUSLE and GIS for small mountainous watersheds in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, 10(1): 11-21. Saeed, M. M. and Ashraf, M. (2005), Feasible design and operational guidelines for skimming wells in the Indus Basin, Pakistan Agricultural Water Management, 74: 165-188. Kahlown, M. A and Kemper W.D. (2004), Conveyance losses as affected by watercourse leaks, Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, 8(1): 9-12. Kahlown, M. A., Ashraf, M. and Ashfaq A. (2004), Contribution of small dams in the development of water resources of the Pothwar Region”, Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, 8(1): 23-38. Yaseen, S. M., Rao, M.I. (2002), Skipped irrigation at critical growth stages and effect on crop yields and soil salinity. Journal of Drainage and Water Management 6(1): 37. Yaseen, S. M., Rao, M.I. (2002), Effect of marginal quality groundwater on crop yields and soil. Journal of Drainage and Water Management 6(2): 49. Chang, M. H., Ahmad, R. and Sipio, Q.A. (2001), Reclamation of saline-sodic soils through cultural and management under tile drainage system. Journal of Drainage and Water Management, 5(1): 6 Chang, M.H., Leghari, A.M. and Sipio, Q.A. (2000), Management of poor quality irrigation water, Journal of Drainage and Water Management, 4(1&2): 19 Kahlown, M. A., Ashraf, M. and Zial-ul-Haq (2005), Effect of shallow groundwater table on crop water requirements, salinity distribution and crop yields, International Journal of Agricultural Water Management, Netherlands, 76 (1): 24-35. Kahlown, M.A., Azam, M. (2005). Effect of saline drainage effluent on soil health and crop yields. International Journal of Agricultural Water Management, Netherlands, 62(2): 127-138. Current Status Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

Published

58

Kahlown, M. A. and Kemper, W.D. (2004), Seepage losses as affected by condition and composition of channel banks, International Journal of Agricultural Water Management, Netherlands: 65(2): 145-153. Kahlown, M. A. (2006). Leaky dam to rejuvenate depleting aquifers in Balochistan. In: Proceedings of the Regional Workshop on Management of Aquifer Recharge and Water Harvesting in Arid and Semi Arid Regions of Asia, November 27 to December 1, 2004, Yazd, Iran, pp.159-172 Kahlown, M. A. Akram, M. Ashfaq, A. (2006). Water resources management by rainwater harvesting and aquifer recharge activities in Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the Regional Workshop on Management of Aquifer Recharge and Water Harvesting in Arid and Semi Arid Regions of Asia, November 27 to December 1, 2004, Yazd, Iran, pp. 219-233. Kahlown, M.A., Akram, M., Soomro, Z.A. (2006). Use of saline water for vegetable production in drylands of Lal-Sohanra Biosphere Reserve, Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the fifth UNSCOMAB/ICARDA, UNU Workshop on Sustainable Management of Marginal Dry Lands (SUMAMAD) held at Allepo, Syria, November 13-16, 2006, pp. 79-98. Kahlown M.A., Akram, M. and Azam, M. (2005). Water conservation and management in extreme arid area of Pakistan. In: Proceedings of WSTA Seventh Gulf Water conference, Water in the GCC-Towards an integrated Management, November, 19-23, 005, Kuwait, Vol.1, pp. 399-408. Khlown, M. A., Akram, M. and Azam, M. (2005). Water conservation and management in hyper arid areas of Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the 7th Gulf Water Conference, November 19-23, 2005, Kuwait, Vol. 1: pp.399-408 Kahlown, M.A., Azam, M. and Faizan-ul-Hasan (2002). Water resources management in rainfed agriculture areas. - A case study of Potohar Plateau, Pakistan. In: Proceedings of ICID Workshop on crop Water management for Food Production under limited Water Supplies. July, 21-22, 2002, Montreal, Canada, pp. 35-46. Shafiq, M., Afzal, Husnain, Azam, M., and Hussain Zahid. (2002). Watershed Management in Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the workshop on Watershd Management, in Regional Perspective, November, 19-21, Khatmandu, Nepal, pp.33-43. Abdullah, M., Kahlown, M.A., Azam, M., Khan, A.j., Marri, M.K., Malnas, A.W., Sipio, Q.A. (2006). Impact of drought and community Interventions on the Status of Selected Karez Irrigation Systems in Balochistan. In: Proceedings 3rd National Conference on Agriculture and Animal Science November 21-23, 2006, Sind Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan, p. 66-74.

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

59

Ashraf, M., Ashfaq, A. (2006). Diagnostic analysis of skimming wells in Indus Basin of Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Agricultural Engineering: Issues and Strategies, February 16-18, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, pp. 217-225. Ashfaq, A., Ashraf, M., Nasir A. (2006). Sustainable groundwater management: issues and strategies. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Water and Environment – A Looming Crisis, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, August 20-22, pp. 144-152. Hussain, M., Ashraf, M., Saboor A. (2006). Sustainability of small scale irrigation schemes in the marginal areas of Punjab. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Water and Environment– A Looming Crisis, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, August 20-22, pp. 153-157. Ashfaq, A., Ashraf, M. (2006). Status of groundwater utilization in Indus Basin: A case study of Chaj Doab. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Agricultural Engineering: Issues and Strategies, February 16-18, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, pp. 8-14. Ashfaq, A., Ashraf, M., Nasir, A. (2006). Sustainable groundwater management: Issues and strategies. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Water and Environment – A Looming Crisis, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, August 20-22, pp. 144-152. Hussain, M., Ashraf, M., Saboor, A. (2006). Sustainability of small scale irrigation schemes in the marginal areas of Punjab. In: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Water and Environment – A Looming Crisis, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, August 20-22, pp. 153-157. Ashraf, M., Ashfaq, A. (2006). Diagnostic analysis of skimming wells in Indus Basin of Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Agricultural Engineering: Issues and Strategies, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, February 16-18, pp. 217-225. Ashfaq, A., Ashraf, M. (2006). Status of groundwater utilization in Indus Basin: A case study of Chaj Doab. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Agricultural Engineering: Issues and Strategies, February 16-18, 2006, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan, pp. 8-14. Kahlown, M.A., and Akram, M. (2003). Water and Water Quality Management in Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Strategies to address the present and future water quality issues, March 6-7, 2002, Pakistan Council of research in water resources, Islamabad, Pakistan, pub.No. 123, pp. 37-44. Majeed, A. Azam, M. and Bhatti, A.M. (2002), Drought and water management strategies in

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

60

Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the SAARC Workshop on Drought and Water Management Stretegies, September, 16-18, Lahore, Pakistan, pp. 125-142. Yaseen, S.M. (2001), Use of poor land and water resources on sustainable basis for afforestation. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Perspectives of Forestry in New Millennium, April, 1719, 2001, Forest, Wildlife and Environment Department, Govt. of Sindh, Karachi, Pakistan, pp.106113. Chang, M. H. and Ahmad, R. (2000). Drainage effluent disposal and its re-use in agro-forestry. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Drainage in Pakistan, August 16-18, 2000, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology (MUET), Jamshoro, Pakistan, pp109-120. Soomro, Z.A., Memon H. M., and Majeed, A. (2000). Calibration of computer model for management of saline water use for irrigation. In: Proceedings the National Seminar on Drainage in Pakistan, August 16-18, 2000, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology (MUET), Jamshoro, Pakistan, pp.159-168. Chang, M.H., Ahmed, R. (2000), Measures to control, improve and live with soil salinity in irrigated areas. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Drainage in Pakistan, August 16-18, 2000, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology (MUET), Jamshoro, Pakistan, pp. 225-234. Effect of Farm Drainage System on Crop Production. A. Ali and S. Muhammad. Vol.No.12 (1) January- June 2008 Innovative Approach to Grow Crops With Much Less Water Than the Traditional Practice M. A. Kahlown, Zia-ul-Haque and A. Raoof. Vol.No.11 (1) Rainfall Prediction Computer Software Tool for use in Water Resources Management. Vol.No.11 (1). Aftab H. Azhar, B.J.C. Perera and M.N. Bhutta. Published

Published

Published

Published

Published Published Published

ii.

Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET)
Details Photovoltaic - An Ultimate Source of Energy., P. Akhter, Symposium on Energy Crises in Pakistan, NWFP University, Peshawar; March, 1986 Pakistan Country Paper on Renewable Energy Resources., A. Mufti, P. Akhter, I.A. Qazi and Z.I. Zaidi, Proc: SAARC Workshop - on Renewable Energy Resources, Current Status Published Published

61

Islamabad, Pakistan, April, 1986; p-73, Pakistan Country Paper on Renewable Energy Sources, A. Mufti and P. Akhter, Founding Meeting of Inter-Islamic Network on Renewable Energy Sources, Islamabad; September 1987 Energy Conservation in Buildings, Ahmad I, and Z. I. Zaidi, Fourth Symposium on Frontiers in Physics of Satellite Meeting on Atomic and Molecular Physics, Quaid-IAzam University Islamabad, 15-18 April 1992. Review of Attenuation of Solar Mapping of Pakistan., M. Asghar, Z.I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, Proc: 2nd International Symposium/Workshop on Silicon Technology Development, Islamabad, Pakistan; May 1993 Renewable Energy in Pakistan., P. Akhter, I. Ahmad and Z.I. Zaidi, Regional Workshop on Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Conversion and Rural Energy Planning, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 18-13 December, 1993. Solar Radiation Over Pakistan, I. Ahmed, P. Akhter and Z.I. Zaidi, Applied Solar Energy 31(1995) pp 41-50 Solar Energy Development Activities in Pakistan, P. Akhter, I. Ahmed and Z.I. Zaidi, Applied Solar Energy 31(1995) pp 55-61 Solar Cell - Development, Breakthroughs and New Trends, P. Akhter, Seminar on Topics in Semiconductor Science and Technology; Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad; May 3, 1995 The Role of Solar Energy in Future Energy Mix and the Islamic World, P. Akhter, International Conference on Solar Energy and the Islamic Countries; Tehran, Iran; November 1995 Development of Solar Energy in Pakistan, P. Akhter, International Conference on Solar Energy and the Islamic Countries; Tehran, Iran; November 1995 The Status of Solar Energy Technologies Development in Pakistan, P. Akhter, I. Ahmad, Z.I. Zaidi, S. Arshad and I.A. Qazi, The 5th Arab International Solar Conference, (AISEC-5), Bahrain; November, 1995. Solar Energy in Pakistan (Country Paper), P. Akhter et al, Asia - Pacific Solar Experts Meeting, Renewable Energies for Development, Culture and Environment, Islamabad, Pakistan, December 18 - 21, 1995. Published Published

Published

Published

Published Published Published Published Published Published

Published

62

Potential of Using Solar Energy in Air conditioning, P.Akhter, I. Ahmad and R. Abro, 3rd National Conference/Workshop on Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, April 3-4, 1996. NIST Solar Water Heater, I. Ahmed, R. Abro and P.Akhter, Conf. pro. of 5 th Science International Conference, Rawalakot, 1996. Soil Temperature of Pakistan, Ahmad I, A. Baig, S. Hussain, Abro R. S and P. Akhter, 5th All Pakistan Science Conference on Science International, 15-19 September 1996, Rawalakot, A. Kashmir. Solar Thermal Energy for Pakistan., I. Ahmed, R. Abro, Z. I. Zaidi and P. Akhter , US-Pakistan Symposium Workshop on Silicon Technology, 8-11, March 1998, Islamabad, Pakistan. Solar water pumping, an economical & harmless way of living, M. N. Zakir, I. A. Qazi, 41-43, Quarterly Science Vision, July-September, 1998, an International Journal of COMSATS, ISSN 1027 961X. Renewable Energy Technologies - Current Statues and Activities for their Promotion in Pakistan, P. Akhter, International Conference on Role of Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Development, Khatmandu, Nepal. October 1998 Page 257 - &pi0; 260. Environmental Management and Solar Thermal Technologies, I. Ahmed, R. S. Abro, Z.I. Zaidi and P. Akhter, 9th National Chemistry Conference, 6-8 December, 1998, University of Karachi, Karachi. Renewable Energy For Sustainable Village Power For Cholistan And Balochistan, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 5th International Energy Efficiency and Environment Conservation Symposium, at Islamabad, on 6th–7th December 1999. Clean Fuel: An Option For New Millennium, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 5th International Energy Efficiency and Environment Conservation Symposium, at Islamabad, on 6th – 7th December 1999. Renewable Energy in South Asia, Status and Prospects; World Energy Council, London (2000)” P. Akhter, et, al. Food Security And Green Power, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain, 3rd Sustainable Development Conference, Islamabad. 21-16 May, 2000.

Published

Published Published

Published Published

Published

Published Published

Published Published Published

63

Socio-economic Profiles and Prospects for Diffusion of Renewable Energy in Cholistan Villages, A. Q. Qureshi, Saeed Hussain et al, Lead Pakistan Occasional Paper No 18, 2000. The Use of Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, P. Akhter & A. Hussain, International Workshop on Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003, Islamabad, Pakistan. Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Sustainable World, P. Akhter, International Workshop on Vacuum in Renewable Energy Technologies, 2003, Islamabad, Pakistan. Wind Power – The Fastest Growing Renewable Energy, Saeed Hussain, Article in Pakistan Vacuum News Letter, April 2003. Pakistan Thrust Areas in Renewable Energy for Rural Development P. Akhter, In “Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development”; Ed: J.N, Shrestha Institute of Engineering, Tribuvan University, Khatmandu, Nepal. (2003) pp 103-106. Barriers in the Progress of Renewable Energy Technologies, Dr. Parvez Akhter, Regional Workshop on Renewable Energy Progress and Prospects, February 2004, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Renewable Energy Technologies – Pakistan Priorities, Dr. Parvez Akhter, Regional Workshop on Renewable Energy Progress and Prospects, February 2004, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Organic Solar Cells for Future Low Cost and Sustainable Solar Energy Applications in the Developing World, M. Abbas, M. Azim, I.A. Qazi, P. Akhter, S. Hussain and T. Hussain, International Meeting on Renewable Energy Technologies and Sustainable Development, COMSATS (2004) Islamabad. Solar Energy Prospects for Pakistan, Parvez Akhter, NUST-PCRET Workshop on Wind and Solar Technologies, NUST, 2003, Rawalpindi.

Published

Published Published Published Published

Published

Published Published Published

Published

iii.

National Institute for Oceanography (NIO) None available

64

F. i.

MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL RESOURCES, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan (HDIP)
Details Pakistan Energy Year Book (2009). Hydrocarbon Development Institute, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, Government of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research (2007). Hydrocarbon Development Institute, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, Government of Pakistan. Vol. 17 June, 2007. ISSN 1017- 0626. Current Status Published Published

G. i.

MINISTRY OF DEFENSE, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Pakistan Meteorological Department
Details Q. Z. Chaudhry, 1994: Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Forests in Pakistan, Science, Technology and Development, Vol. 13, No.2, April-June. Q. Z. Chaudhry, 1998: Climate change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies in Pakistan, UNEP Country case study. Q. Z. Chaudhry, Anjum Bari Farooqi, G. Rasul, 1998: Pakistan’s Climate Change Scenarios for 21st Century. M. Munir Sheikh, Q.Z. Chaudhry, 2002: Climate Change and its Impact on the Water Resources of Mountain Regions of Pakistan, Pakistan Journal of Geography, Vol. xi & xii, No. 172 JuneDecember. Anjum Bari Farooqi, 2003: Climate Change and its future scenarios in Pakistan, 35th Advance Course, Dissertation, National Institute of Public Administration, Peshawar. Q. Z. Chaudhry, G. Rasul, 2003 & 2004: Agro-Climatic Classification of Pakistan, Science Vision, pp-59-66, Vol.9, No.1-2(July-December, 2003) & No. 3-4 (January-June, 2004). A. Hussain, Hazrat Mir, M.Afzaal, 2004: Analysis of Dust Storm frequency over Pakistan during (1961-2000). Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Vol.2, issue 3. Current Status Published Published Published Published

Published Published Published

65

Anjum Bari Farooqi, Azmat Hayat, Hazrat Mir, 2005: Climate Change perspective of Pakistan, Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Vol.2, issue 3. Hazrat Mir, A. Hussain, Zaheer Ahmad Baber, 2005: Analysis of Thunderstorm Activity over Pakistan during (1961-2000). Pakistan Journal of meteorology, Vol.3, issue 5. A.M.G. Klien Tank (Co.authers M. Afzaal, A.Hussain), 2006: Changes in daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Central and South Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol.III, D16105. Q.Z. Chaudhry, G. Rasul, 2007: Global Warming and Expected snowline shift along Northern Mountains of Pakistan. Proceedings of 1st Asiaclic symposium, Yokohama, Japan. Qamur-uz-Zaman, 2008: Impact of Glacier’s Melting on Pakistan’s Climate. Dissertation, MS meteorology, CIIT, Islamabad. G. Rasul, Qin Dahe, Q. Z. Chaudhry, 2008: Global Warming and Melting Glaciers along Southern Slopes of HKH range. Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, Vol.5 issue 9. Muhammad Afzaal, 2008: Changes in Temperature and precipitation Trends over Pakistan. Proceedings of 6th APN Workshop, Seoul, Korea. Khurrum Waqas Haider, G.Rasul, Muhammad Afzaal, 2008: A study on Tropical Cyclones of Arabian Sea in June 2007 and their connection with SST. Pakistan Journal Meteorology, Vol 5, issue 9. Q. Z. Chaudhry; M. Arif, Rasul. G and Afzaal M. (2009) Cliamte Change Indicators of Pakistan. Pakistan Meteorological Department. PMD Technical Report No: PMD- 22/ 2009. Q. Z. Chaudhry (2010). Improved Decision Making for Adaptation to Climate Change in Pakistan. Role of Pakistan Meteorological Department. PMD Technical Report No. 02/ 2010. Q.Z. Chaudhry (2009). Socio- Economic Benefits of Metrological Services in Pakistan. Technical report No: 25/ 2010. Climate Atlas of Pakistan. Pakistan Meteorological department, Technical Report No. PMD- 01/ 2010.

Published Published Published

Published Published Published Published Published

Published Published Published Published

66

i.

Pakistan Space and Upper atmospheric Research Commission
Details Case study of Drought in Pakistan using Satellite Data. Application of PALSAR, PRISM and TRM Data for Floor Monitoring in Pakistan’s Mardan District. Revalidation of TRMM Precipitation Data with ground based measurements for selected cities of Pakistan Monitoring of Mountain glaciers variation in Northern Pakistan from 1992 to 2008 using Landsat and ALOS data. Black Carbon aerosol in urban air in South Asia. Satellite- based study of aerosol’s influence of Pakistan’s weather. Application of ALOS data in flood Monitoring in Pakistan. A study of glaciers in Northern Pakistan. Remote sensing and GIS techniques in crop sector. Monitoring drought in Pakistan using Ndvi and rainfall data. Impact of Arabian sea cyclones in Pakistan. N overview of impacts of global warming on water resources and adaptive measures. Flood assessment along river Kabul using MODIS data. Using satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems for monitoring agriculture sector. Monitoring disasters in Pakistan using satellite data. Current Status Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

67

H. i.

PRIME MINISTER’S SECRETARIAT, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
Details National Disaster Management Framework for Pakistan (2007). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Identification of Potential Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) Affected by Global Warming in the Mountain of Himalayan Region (Pakistan). Evaluation of disaster response agencies of Pakistan (2006). By OCHA. National disaster response advisor Islamabad. Living with Disasters. Disaster profiling of districts of Pakistan (2006). Naureen Haider. Hazard and Vulnerability Mapping Workshop Report- National Disaster Management Authority in collaboration with Pakistan Meteorological Department January 09 -10, 2007 COMSATS – Islamabad. Human Resources for Health in the Public Sector (the overall situation) in Pakistan. National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. GUIDELINES for Preparation of Provincial Disaster Risk Management Plans (2007). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. National Workshop on Provincial Disaster Risk Management Planning May 28 – 29, 2007 Margalla Hotel, Islamabad Notes from the workshop. National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. TOR Composite Risk Assessment of Pakistan. National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Provincial Disaster Risk Management Planning Guidelines (2007). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. District Disaster Risk Management Planning Guidelines 2007. National Disaster Management Current Status Published Published Published

Published Published

Published Published Published

Published Published Published

68

Authority, Government of Pakistan. Provincial Disaster Risk management Plan for Balochistan. Balochistan Disaster Management Authority. National Contingency Plan to Manage Industrial /Technical Disasters. National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Monsoon Contingency Plan (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Supplementary Monsoon Contingency Plan (2009). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan Cyclone Contingency Plan for Karachi City (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan Hyderabad Floor Emergency/ Relief Plan (2009). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Flood Contingency Plan for district Jhelum (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Plan for Azad Jammu and Kashmir (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Plan for Balochistan (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Plan for Northern Areas (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Plan for Punjab (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Plan for Sindh (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Pakistan Cyclones and Flood (2008). National Disaster Management Authority, Government of Pakistan. Draft Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

Published Published Published

69

4.2
A.

International UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
Details A country Case Study: Trade in Environmental service and human Development. Syed Ayub Qutub (2003). Dr. Chaudhary Inayatullah and Merium Khan. (2004). Report ton Poverty and Environment Nexus in Pakistan. Report on Disaster and Media (2009). Briefing paper on Food Security. Where we are, Where we want to go (2009). Current Status Published Published Published Published

B.

WORLD BANK
Details Brief on Empowerment and poverty reduction through infrastructure and service provision in rural Pakistan (2010). Report on Pakistan - Second Phase of the Punjab Barrages Improvement Project : executive summary environment and social impact assessment and action plans (2009). Working paper on Changing patterns of household expenditures on energy : a case study of Indonesia and Pakistan Research working paper on Fertility response to natural disasters: the case of three high mortality earthquakes (2009). Brief on Pakistan's water economy: running dry (200). Board Report on Pakistan- Sindh Water Sector Improvement Phase I Project: environmental assessment executive summary (2006). Current Status Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation

70

Paper on Pakistan - Household use of commercial energy (2006). Working paper on Pakistan's water economy: running dry - background papers (2006). Working Paper on Environmental flows: flood flows (2003). Working paper on Irrigation and drainage: rehabilitation (2003). National Roundtable on Water and Sanitation in Transition - Peshawar, Pakistan (2003) Water & Sanitation Program. Working paper on Water supply and sanitation in Pakistan: current status, issues and future strategies (2001). Pakistan: Lahore Composting project (2008). Project on Pakistan Community-Based Renewable Energy Development in Northern Areas and Chitral Pakistan. Project on Water Sector Capacity Building and Advisory Services Project (WCAP) (2008). Project on Electricity Distribution and Transmission Improvement Project Pakistan (2008) Project on Balochistan Small Scale Irrigation Project Pakistan (2008). Project on Sindh Water Sector Improvement Project Phase, Pakistan (2007). Sindh On-Farm Water Management Project Pakistan (2004).

Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation

Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Completed

C.

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
Details Projects Project on Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Sector Development (2010). Project on Provincial Water Sector Development Strategies & Investment Plan (2010). Under implementation Under implementation Current Status

71

FATA Rural Development Project (2010). Project on Rural Economy Business Development Project (2010). Project on Sindh Coastal and Inland Community Development (2010). Project on Chasma Right Bank Irrigation III (AG4) (2009). Project on Agribusiness Development (2009). Project on Preparation of National Agriculture Strategy (2009). Project on Community Storage and Irrigated Agriculture Development Sector Project (2009). Project on Sindh Area Development (2008). Project on Immediate Support to Poor and Vulnerable Small and Landless Farmers Devastated by the October 2005 Earthquake (2008). Project on Balochistan Rural Poverty Reduction (2008). Project on Water Sector Development (2008). Project on Malakand Area Development (2008). Hill Torrent Management Project (2007). National Drainage Program (2007). Forestry Sector Loan (2007). Project on Barani Development III (2007). Project on NWFP-Barani Phase II (2007). Project on Bahawalpur Agric. Development (2007).

Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Under implementation Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed

72

Agriculture Strategy Study (2007). Independent Monitoring of Remedial Actions for Chashma Right Bank Irrigation Project (Stage III) (2006). Bahawalpur Rural Development Project (Phase II) (2005). Agribusiness Development Project Implementation Support. (2004). Rural Livelihood Enhancement Through Participatory Resettlement in Irrigation Development (2003). Agriculture Strategy Study (1999). Project on Punjab Water Sector Development. (1999). Project on Strengthening Farmers' Capacity in Small Dams Operations (1998). Punjab Irrigation Management Pilot Project (1995). Project on Implementation of National Conservation Strategy (1995). Project on Forestry Development in the Northern (1995). Project on Balochistan Groundwater Resources Reassessment (1995). Project on North West Canal Remodeling (1995).

Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed Completed

D

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE- PAKISTAN
Details Projects and Activities Project on Technical Advisory Panel on Climate Change. (2006- 2008) IUCN, Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, department for International Development, UK. Exposure visit to Energy Resource Institute (TERI), New Delhi, India. (2009). Technical Advisory Completed Completed Current Status

73

Panel on Climate Change. IUCN, Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, department for International Development, UK. Training on Communicating Climate Change (2009). OXFAM GB, IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Project on Road to Copenhagen, Strengthening Pakistan’s Response for Participation in COP 15. (2009). IUCN, Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, Department for International Development, UK. Publications Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities for South- Asia. (200) Proceeding of the International Conference. IUCN, Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, Department for International Development, UK. Brochure on Vulnerabilities in Agriculture in Pakistan (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Brochure on Disaster Management in Pakistan (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Brochure on Water Vulnerabilities in Pakistan (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Case Study on Community Perceptions on Climate Change in Bagrote Valley, Pakistan (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Case Study on Community Perceptions on Climate Change in Shigar Valley, Pakistan. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Report on Government of Pakistan's Agriculture and Water Policies with respect to Climate Change Policy Gap Analysis (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Report on Drylands of Balochistan - Kharan Desert (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Droughts and Floods – A Study on Community Coping Strategies in Dry land Areas of Balochistan (2009). IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan. Draft Completed Completed

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

74

Provincial consultative workshop on; ‘Impacts of Climate Change on Indus Basin: Coping Strategies for Pakistan’ May 20, 2010. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature in collaboration with International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) with the support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Islamabad. National consultative workshop on; ‘Impacts of Climate Change on Indus Basin: Coping Strategies for Pakistan’ May 20, 2010. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature in collaboration with International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) with the support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Islamabad. Report on Climate Change in Quetta District, Balochistan- Implications and Recommendations (2010). Balochistan Partnerships for Sustainable Development. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature- Pakistan.

Published

Published

Draft under preparation

E.

INTERNATIOANL CENTRE FOR INTEGRATED MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT
Details Climate change Impacts and Vulnerabilities in Eastern Himalayas (2009). Sherma et al. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative : Developing a transboundary cooperation framework for conservation and sustainable development in the (2010) Climate change impacts on the water resources of the Indus Basin: Capacity building, monitoring and assessment for adaptation (2010). Glacial Lakes and Associated Floods in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas : # 2/10 (2010) Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerability in the Eastern Himalayas (2009). Potential for Carbon Finance in the Land Use Sector of the HKH Region: A Preliminary Scoping Study (2009). Facing the Challenges: Climate change adaptation in the greater Himalayas (2009). Current Status Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

75

Potential for Carbon Finance in the Landuse Sector within the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region of Asia (2009). Facing the Challenges : Climate change adaptation in the greater Himalayas (2009). Diversified Livelihoods in Changing Socio-ecological Systems of Yunnan Province, China (2009). Adjusting to Floods on the Brahmaputra Plains, Assam, India (2009). Life in the Shadow of Embankments - Turning Lost Lands into Assets in the Koshi Basin of Bihar, India (2009). Living with Water Stress in the Hills of the Koshi Basin, Nepal (2009). Traditional Knowledge and Local Institutions Support Adaptation to Water-Induced Hazards in Chitral, Pakistan (2009). Local Responses to Too Much and Too Little Water in the Greater Himalayan Region (2009). Gender and Climate Change (2009). Regional Geo-data Sharing Initiative in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region (2009). Water Storage: A strategy for climate change adaptation in the Himalayas, Winter No. 56 (2009). Predicting Floods in the Himalayan Region: using satellite rainfall estimates and models (2009). The Changing Himalayas: The impact of climate change on water resources and livelihoods in the greater Himalayas (2009). Mountain Biodiversity and Climate Change (2009). Proceedings of the International Mountain Biodiversity Conference: Kathmandu, 16-18 November 2008 (2009). A Manual for an Inventory of Greater Himalayan Wetlands (2009). Climate Change in the Himalayas: Information Sheet #3 (2009).

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

76

Biodiversity and Climate Change in the Himalayas: Sustainable Mountain Development, No. 55 (2009). Water and Hazards: Key Achievements (2009). The Changing Himalayas: Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Livelihoods in the Greater Himalayas (2009). Himalayan Waters and Communities: Living with Change (2008). Glaciers and Glacial Lakes: Indicators of Global Climate Change (2008). Responding to the Challenges of Global Change: Enhancing resilience and supporting adaptation of mountain communities (2008). The Melting Himalayas: Regional Challenges and Local Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Ecosystem and Livelihoods (2007). Reducing Carbon Emissions Through Community-managed Forests in the Himalaya (2007). The Melting Himalayas: Regional Challenges and Local Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Ecosystems and Livelihoods (2007). Global Changes And Environmental Risks In Mountain Ecosystems (1992).

Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

F.

WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE, PAKISTAN
Details Study report titled ‘Climate Change in the Northern Areas Pakistan: Impacts on Glaciers, Ecology and Livelihoods’. Joint Climate Change Project with IUCN and SDPI Current Status Published In inception phase

G.

OXFAM - GB

77

Details Climate Change in Pakistan. Stakeholder Mapping and Power Analysis (2009). Climate Change, Poverty and Environmental Crisis in the Disaster Prone Areas of PakistanCommunity based research. (2009).

Current Status Published Published

H.

ASIANICS AGRO DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL
Details Asianics Agro Dev, 2003. Water Resources of South Asia Asianics Agro Dev. 2001. Tarbela Dam and related associated aspects of the Indus Basin Pakistan. World Commission on Dams, South Africa and Asianics Agro-Dev. 2003. Change and Water Resources South Asia- Proceedings of year end workshop Kathmandu 79 January, 2003. APN, START and Fred J Hansen Institute for World Peace. Publishers Asianics Agro Dev- Islamabad. Pakistan 2005. Global Change Perspective in Pakistan- Challenges, impacts, opportunities and Prospects. Proceedings of National Workshop. April 28-30 Islamabad, Pakistan. Edited by Dr Amir Muhammad and Dr Side Sajidin Hussain. Asia Pacific Network , Pakistan Academy of Sciences. Published by Asianics Agro Dev International, Islamabad, Pakistan. Asianics Agro Dev. 2007. Climate and Water Resources in South Asia: Vulnerability and Adaptation. Editors Amir Muhammed, M M Qader Mirza and Bonnie A Stewart.APN, START and Fred J Jansen Institute for World Peace, Islamabad, Pakistan. Published by Asianics Agro Dev, Islamabad, Pakistan. Asianics Agro Dev. 2010. Impact of Fog on Punjab Agriculture. Report prepared for SUPARCO, Pakistan. Amir, P 2010. Evolving Climate Policies and Strategies: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan and India. Presentation made at International Conference organized by Sustainable Development Policy Institute. 22 April, 2010 Islamabad, Pakistan. Amir, P and Sardar Tariq. 2010. Impact of global warming on availability of water in Pakistan’s Current Status Published Published Published

Published

Published

Published Submitted conference postponed due to security reasons Published

78

rivers and response strategy. Policy Study 2. Flood Commission. Ministry of Water and Power. Islamabad, Pakistan and also made the study presentation on 30 March, 2010 at Flood Commission of Pakistan. Amir, P. 2010. Environment and climate change scenario of Pakistan. Asian Development Bank Resident Mission of Pakistan. Presentation to Head of Climate Change Unit, ADB Philippines. Amir, P. 2010. Climate Change and Emerging Challenges. A Documentary for Sengreti Production. Interviewed by Huma Beg for 2 hours. Islamabad, Pakistan. 15th April, 2010. Amir, P. 2010 Glaciers are disappearing. Interview published by Farozaan monthly Urdu Magazine on Environmental Issues published from Karachi . Issue No 2 February 2010 pp 21-27 Amir, P. 2010. Conceptualizing a national adaptation center under multiple threat climate change situations- Case of Pakistan .International Conference on Climate change Adaptation. Queensland Australia (June 29th to 2 July, 2010). Amir. 2010. Is Climate Change on back burner or forefront of government policy? Published in Jareeda. Karachi, Pakistan Amir, P. 2010. Media Training in Climate Change and Environment. UNESCO. Arabian Sea Club. Karachi 3-6 January, 2010. Lead Resource Person. Amir, P. 2010. Ups and Downs at Copenhagen highlighting the plight of Pakistan. The Business day- Nation 9th January, 2010. Amir. P. 2009. COP 15: Climate Adaptation Strategy for Pakistan. Invited presentation made at 12th SDPI Conference on 23 March, Islamabad. Amir, P.2009. Climate Change Threats and Opportunities in a Volatile Environment- the Case of Pakistan. A Power Point Presentation. Challenging Times and Changing Climates Pakistan.COP 15 World Submit on Climate Change UNFCC. Monday, 14th December 2009 (13:00 hrs) at Mart Club, Bella Centre, Copenhagen. Denmark. Amir, P. 2009. Hopenhagen or Copenhagen Pakistan will still face multiple Climate Change threats! Daily Times Amir, P. 2009. Farmer perceptions and economic impact assessment of how fog impacts agriculture productivity in Punjab. Prepared for SUPARCO, Pakistan Published Published Published Accepted

Published Published Published Published Published

Accepted Forth coming

79

Amir, P. 2009/10. Cross Boundary impacts of pollution on Pakistani Punjab farmers-a case of compensation estimation Amir, P. 2009/10 Public Choice in cross boundary sulphur emissions- the impacts on Pakistani Wheat Growers. (forthcoming with Dr Bader Ghauri and Arifa Lodhi) Amir, P. 2009. Climate Change Vulnerabilities in Water in Pakistan. Brochure published by DFID (UK), Ministry for Environment and IUCN, Pakistan. Amir, P. 2009. Climate Change Vulnerabilities in Disaster Management in Pakistan. Brochure Published by DFID (UK), Ministry for Environment and IUCN, Pakistan. Amir, P.2009. Climate Change Vulnerabilities in Agriculture in Pakistan. Brochure published by DFID (UK), Ministry for Environment and IUCN, Pakistan. Amir, P. 2009. Vulnerabilities of Climate Change on Pakistan. Presented at IUCN Workshop, Addressing Climate Change through Better Air Quality Management”13-16 October 2009.Sarena Hotel Quetta. Amir, P. 2009. Impacts and Opportunities of Climate Change on Agriculture in Pakistan. Paper presented at Uthal University on 14th October, Uthal Baluchistan. In workshop proceedings. Amir, P. 2009. Climate Change-What is happening at Bangkok and Copenhagen to seal a deal on Climate Change? Dawn News Channel October, 01 at 8:10 -8:40 as expert. Amir, P. 2009. Pakistan’s Vulnerabilities to Climate Change. Key Note presentation made at Workshop on Mapping Pakistan’s Vulnerabilities to Climate Change: Preparing for Copenhagen. Marriott Hotel Islamabad, 16th September, 2009. Organized by IUCN-Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan. Amir. P. 2009. Introduction to Climate Change-Scale of impacts and threat in different SectorsKey Lecture presentation. Media Workshop on Climate Change and Mountain Ecosystems 4rth June, 2009. Organized by UNESCO, UNDP, UNEP and the Ministry of Environment-held at Sarena Hotel. Amir, P. 2009. Radio interview-Radio Pakistan broadcasted from Radio Pakistan Quetta with nationwide coverage on What Climate Change Means for Pakistan? (20 Minutes 1:20 to 1:40 PM). Amir. P. 2009 of Climate Change in Pakistan. International Workshop on Training Media Personnel

forth coming Published Published Published Published Published

Published Published Published

Published

Published Published

80

on Covering Climate Change. Held at Holiday Inn Islamabad on 12-14 May IUCN

BBC, Oxfam and Published Published

Amir, P. 2009. Gap Analysis: Government of Pakistan‘s Agriculture and Water polices with respect to climate change. Technical Advisory Panel, Ministry of environment/IUCN Publication. Islamabad, Pakistan Amir, P. 2008 Climate Change adaptation Strategies under extreme security and economic uncertainties- case of Pakistan. International Conference on Climate Change: Science and impacts. International Convention Center Jeju, Korea. 19-22 November 2008 Amir, P. 2008. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Pakistan. Presented at IUCN Workshop, Addressing Climate Change through Better Air Quality Management”20-24 October 2008. Pearl Continental Hotel, Lahore Amir, P. 2008 .Climate Change and Emerging Opportunities in Agriculture. Presented at IUCN Seminar held at Royal Palm, Lahore 30th August. Amir, P. Climate Change, Water Resources and implications for Agriculture, paper presented at National conference on Water and Agriculture, held at NARC 26-27 August, 2008 in workshop proceedings. Amir,P. 2008. Glacier Melt and Agriculture-Are we running against time-Need for a Science based Response. Lead presentation made at Planning Commission of Pakistan 5 June, 2008. In seminar proceedings. Published by Planning Commission Islamabad, Pakistan Amir, P. 2008. Regional Meeting on Climate Change adaptation. Held at Nepal 22-23 April, 2008. Kathmandu, Nepal. Amir, P. 2008. Water Resource Challenges. Represented Pakistan at International Meeting of Asia Pacific Net Work in Tokyo to scope Climate Change and Water Impacts in Asia. April 13-19 , 2008 Tokyo, Japan Amir, P. 2008. Water and Political Economy of Food in Pakistan within a climate change context. Oxford University UK 3-4 April (2008) forthcoming Conference proceedings on Food Security. Amir, P Climate Change in dry lands and response through adaptation of risk and diversificationcase of Pakistan. Presented at Science based Agricultural Transformation towards Alleviation of Hunger and Poverty in SAARC Countries. New Delhi 5-7 March, 2008.

Published

Published Published

Published

Published Published

Published Published

81

Amir, P. 2008. Challenging Climates: adapting to Change. Consultancy Report Submitted to British Council Islamabad. Amir, P. 2008. Climate Change and Agriculture impacts-facts vs. fiction Workshop presentation 18th March, 2008 Chaired by Minister for Environment. Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir organized by Ministry of Environment and IUCN, Pakistan • Amir, P. 2007. Climate Change, Environment and Agro Industrial impacts-opportunities for Higher Education Linkages. Paper presented at the Seminar on University-Industry Interaction for abatement of environment pollution and climate change on World Environment Day, June 5 Held at Serena Hotel. . Amir, P. 2007. Climate, water and agriculture interactions and people’s livelihood. Pp 58-63. In Climate and Water Resources in South Asia: Vulnerability and Adaptation. Editors Amir Muhammed, M M Qader Mirza and Bonnie A Stewart. APN, START and Fred J Jansen Institute for World Peace, Islamabad, Pakistan. Amir, P and M Munir Sheikh. 2007. Droughts in Pakistan: Causes, Impacts and Remedial Measures pp 78-94. . 63 In Climate and Water Resources in South Asia: Vulnerability and Adaptation. Editors Amir Muhammed, M M Qader Mirza and Bonnie A Stewart. APN, START and Fred J Jansen Institute for World Peace, Islamabad, Pakistan. Amir, P. 2006. Land Use and Water Resources in South Asia. Presented at Meeting on Food Systems organized by GECAFS and Nepal Water Conservation Foundation. Held at Shangri-La Hotel, Katmandu, Nepal. 29-30 June, 20 Amir, P. 2006. Land Use and Agriculture in Drylands of Pakistan. Presented at World Environment Day. Karachi, Pakistan ( 5 June, 2006). Amir, P. Water Dams and Irrigation Infrastructure in Pakistan. 2006. Presented at the conference on Future of Water- State, Agribusiness and Society. Pani Pakistan and LUMS. Lahore , Pakistan. Amir, P and Joyashree Roy. 2006. Climate, water and agriculture interactions and people’s livelihood. Forth coming Oxford University Press. New Delhi Amir, P. 2005 Economic Analysis of Trade-Offs between Agriculture and Environment and related aspects in Sindh and Punjab. Prepared for Study III Environmental Concerns of All Four Provinces, Federal Government, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Published Published

Published

Published

Published

Published

Published Forthcoming in proceedings Published Published

82

Briscoe J, Usman Qamar, Pervaiz Amir, Manuuel Contijoch and Don Blackmore. 2005. Pakistan’s Water Economy: Running Dry. Water CAS. World Bank. Washington, D.C USA. Published by Oxford University Press (2006) Amir, P. 2005. Role of Large Dams in Pakistan. Paper prepared for the Country Water Assistance Strategy, the World Bank Washington D.C, USA. Amir, 2005. Modernizing Agriculture through water management. Paper prepared for the Country Water Assistance Strategy, the World Bank Washington D.C, and USA. Amir, P. 2005. Socio-economic aspects of drought in Bahawalpur and Mirpur Khas Hydrological Units of Pakistan. Science and Culture. Vol 71 No7-8 July-August, 2005 the Indian Science News Association. New Delhi Pervaiz Amir and others. 2001. Tarbela Dam and related associated aspects of the Indus Basin Pakistan. World Commission on Dams, South Africa and ASIANICS Agro-Dev.

Published

Published Published Published

Published

I.

WINROCK INTERNATIONAL
Details Project on “Capacity Building for Carbon Finance in Pakistan’ WINROCK/ Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, World Bank. CDM “Mini and Micro Hydro Project in Northern Areas of Pakistan” Community based Bio- gas Project in Pakistan Current Status Implementation underway In Approval Stages Inception Phase

J.

LEAD- PAKISTAN
Details A five- year climate change programme is being developed. A scoping study on climate change stakeholders in Pakistan was conducted in 2008, in Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore. Case studies were conducted on disasters. Current Status Draft developed Report is ready to be shared. Published

83

Two networking projects are underway. Knowledge Network on Climate Change (KNCC) has been established. It is an email based Network with 250 stakeholder involved as members. National Network on Climate Change. Advisory board Pakistan climate change programme. Conducted a training programme, even at a community level, in Mexico, Bangkok and Pakistan. Occasional Paper No. 08. ‘Climate Change: Global Solutions and Opportunities for Pakistan’, by Mr. Malik Amin Aslam. Occasional Paper No. 17. ‘Energy Pricing Policy in Pakistan: Existing Prices and Proposed Framework’, by Syed Waqar Haider. ‘Socio-Economic Profile and Prospects for Diffusion of Renewable Energy in Cholistani Villages’, by Dr. Asif Qayyum Qureshi. Occasional Paper No. 22. ‘Pakistan Options for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation’Scoping Study (2008). Climate Change Champions: Practical Leadership & Climate Change Programme. Training module on Leadership, Communication and Engagement. LEAD Update- “Changing Climates: Pakistan’s Options for Mitigation and Adaptation”. Brochure on Stakeholders Consultation, Karachi. February 14, 2008. LEAD Update- “Changing Climates: Pakistan’s Options for Mitigation and Adaptation”. Brochure on Stakeholders Consultation, Islamabad. March 13, 2008. LEAD Update- “Climate Change and Natural Hazards- Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Pakistan”. Brochure on Panel discussion on Climate Change. March 12, 2008. LEAD Update- “Environment, Development and Security: The Case of Climate Change”. Brochure on a lecture by Dr. Adil Najam, Islamabad. March 31, 2008. Published established established Conducted Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published Published

84

LEAD Update- “Volunteering for Disaster Risk Management”. Brochure on Training Workshop on Volunteerism. Balakot Tehsil. April 15- September 10, 2008. LEAD Update- “Depleting Mangrove Forests Expose Karachi to Storms”. Brochure on UNDP- GEFSGP Green Leaders- 1. Karachi. March 1- 3, 2008.

Published Published

K.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY INSTITUTE
Details Project on Institutional arrangements for combating climate change. Project on Climate change and food security Project on Alternative energy resources Project on Eco-system Assessment study Project on Climate Change mitigation Report on Climate Change Negotiations Civil Society Perspective Report on Copenhagen and the Post-Copenhagen Politics Pakistan Youth Climate Network (PYCN) Current Status Report expected soon Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Published Published Operationalized

85

5 CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED MANDATE AND POTENTIAL ROLE OF PARTNERS
In the Table below, climate change related mandate of the partners in presented in detail. From which the potential partners for future intervention and collaborations can be identified:

No.

Organization and Address

Climate Change Related Mandate
Focal institution for climate change Designated National Authority for CDM Custodian of National Environmental policy and other relevant policies Focal point for IPCC

Potential Future Role / Needs
Strong policy influence including formulation and implementation Technical capacity to deal with the subject required Institutional strengthening required for policy formulation and implementation Further linkages development required

National A. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

i.

Environment Wing, Ministry of Environment

Focal institution for climate change Designated National Authority for CDM Custodian of National Environmental policy Focal point for IPCC, CDM Executive Board

Strong policy influence including formulation and implementation Technical capacity to deal with the subject required Institutional strengthening required Further linkages development required Technical support required for formulation of climate change policy, adaptation action plan and national CDM operational strategy

ii.

Global Change Impact Studies Centre, Ministry of Environment

Key institution to conduct research on climate change impacts Technical backstopping to overview, plan and monitor adaptation programmes in Pakistan and region

Strong potential role of conduct modeling based research on glaciers at national as will as regional level Further institutional strengthening required

86

Strong role in policy and technical advise Strong role in technical advise for intentional negotiations

More autonomy required administrative changes

under

recent

Sufficient financial resources required to upscale the current work being done Mechanisms required for improved access to research outputs Institutional reforms required with must strengthened linkages with line agencies and other related Ministries and departments at federal and provincial level Capacity development, particularly in supporting climate change mitigation measures in Pakistan and formulation and implementation of CDM projects Potential role in policy advice must be focused

iii.

National Energy Conservation Centre Ministry of Environment

Focal institution to plan and implement energy conservation measures at national level

iv.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Ministry of Environment

Custodian of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act. Strong linkages, particularly with private/ corporate sector. Role in tackling ambient pollution

Capacity for law enforcement needs to be enhanced Institutional strengthening required Potential role strengthening in policy advice needs

v.

Forestry Wing, Ministry of Environment

Custodian of Pakistan Forest Policy Focal institution for UNCCD and CBD

Capacity for policy implementation needs to be enhanced Institutional strengthening required

Role in mitigation (sink enhancement) Potential role in policy advice needs focus Financial resources for implementation of mitigation/ sink enhancement projects

87

vi.

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar Ministry of Environment

Key institution for research and training of forest discipline.

Institutional strengthening required Financial support required to undertake research Administrative reforms required

vii.

Zoological Survey Department Ministry of Environment

Key institution to undertake wildlife surveys

Institutional strengthening Linkages with other research institutions Potential role in support research on habitat analysis and specie status.

B.

PLANNING COMMISSION, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

Focal institution to support policy planning and future visions in the country Hub for planning activities and custodian of all relevant polices in Pakistan Very strong role in policy support and implementation of activities

Linkages with all relevant institutions must be strengthened Potential role in formulation implementation of sectoral policies and

i.

Pakistan Institute for Development Economics

Key institution to undertake research, particularly for economic perspective Potential role in technical advice

Linkages with all relevant institutions must be strengthened Diversify research activities covering economic and social aspects Capacity to focus on climate change needs to be strengthened Relevant policies must integrate the subject of climate change Further strengthening of research activities Strengthened partners linkages with all relevant

C.

MINISTRY OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

Key Ministry to formulate and implement agricultures related policies, action plans Mandate of undertaking research on agriculture and all allied disciplines Implementation of ground activities Key potential role in policy advice and support implementations

88

Role in supporting mitigation and adaptation activities i. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council Mandate of undertaking research on agriculture and all allied disciplines Implementation of ground activities. Key potential role in policy advice and support implementations Role in supporting mitigation and adaptation activities Mechanism required for improved access to research information Research in relation to climate change needs more focus Improved linkages institutions with other research

Role in supporting adoption must be improved Further capacity building

a.

Water Resources Research Institute

Mandate of undertaking research on water related issues Implementation of ground activities Key potential role in policy advice and support implementations Role in supporting adaptation activities

Strong potential role of conduct modeling based research on glaciers at national as will as regional level Mechanism required for improved access to research information Research in relation to climate change needs more focus Improved linkages institutions with other research

Role in supporting adoption must be improved D. MINISTRY FOR WATER AND POWER, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Mandate of formulation and implementation of water and power related polices and regulations Mandate of research in allied disciplines Climate change initiated related mandate to be

Potential role in supporting mitigation and adaptation must be strengthened

89

i.

Federal Flood Commission

Mandate of flood, forecast and monitoring Potential role in adaptation and mitigation and disaster risk reduction

Strong potential role of conduct modeling based research on glaciers Climate change initiated related mandate to be

Potential role in supporting and adaptation must be strengthened Linkages must be developed with other relevant institutions ii. Water and Power Development Authority Mandate of implementation of related polices to water and power Potential role in mitigation Reasonmable potential role of conduct modeling based research on glaciers Climate change initiated related mandate to be

Potential role in supporting and mitigation must be strengthened Linkages must be developed with other relevant institutions Additional support to conduct particularly in water resources iii. Pakistan Electric Power Company Mandate of development and promotion of electric power Mandate of development of power related infrastructure Mandate of promotion of alternate energy in Pakistan Role in Mitigation through CDM Role in policy support needs more focus research

Potential role in mitigation to be enhanced

v. v.

Private Power Infrastructure Board Alternative Energy Development Board

Potential role in mitigation to be enhanced Potential role in mitigation to be enhanced Further institutional strengthening required

90

E.

MINISTRY FOR SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

AND

Mandate of promoting scientific research on the subject Mandate of providing technological guidance/ advice

Potential role in mitigation to be enhanced

i.

Pakistan Council for Research on Water Resources

Mandate of conducting scientific research on water resources

Strong potential role of conduct modeling based research on glaciers at national as will as regional level Potential climate change mandate to be brought in focus Research linkages needs strengthening Role in policy support needs more focus Research linkages needs strengthening Mechanism for improved access to scientific resource required

ii.

Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies National Institute for Oceanography

Mandate of introduction and promotion of renewable energy technologies in Pakistan Key institution to undertake research in climate change related impact of oceans and related phenomenon Potential role in technical advice for adaptation and disaster risk reduction

Potential climate change mandate to be brought in focus. Particularly, supporting mitigation activities/ CDM Climate change focused related mandate to be

iii.

Strengthening of research linkages Mechanism of improved access to scientific and research information required Role in policy advise needs strengthening F. MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL RESOURCES, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Role in development of petroleum resources Climate change focused related mandate to be

91

i.

Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan

Role in development of hydro- carbons as alternate and clean fuel Potential role in mitigation

Climate change focused

related

mandate

to

be

G. i.

MINISTRY OF DEFENSE, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Pakistan Meteorological Department

No direct role Key institution to undertake research on climatology and other allied disciplines Climate change forecasting Technical advice

More financial resources to broaden research base required Role in supporting climate change policy needs to be focused more Further scientific linkages required

ii.

Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission

Key institution to undertake research on climatology in relation to upper atmosphere Role in technical advice

Strong potential role of conduct modeling based research on glaciers Climate change focused related mandate to be

Mechanism for improved access to scientific information Strengthened linkages with relevant partners H. NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY, PRIME MINISTER’S SECRETARIAT Focal institution to manage natural and man- made disasters Strong policy influence for adaptation and disaster risk reduction Climate change focused related mandate to be

Capacity for deployment of early warning system needs to be enhanced Potential role in supporting adoption activities

92

International A. UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME Mandate of achieving greater impact in contributing to national development plans and priorities. Potential role in accessing funding resources Potential role in promoting international linkages B. WORLD BANK Largest sources of funding and knowledge Role in project funding and advisory services C. ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK Key finance institution Mission is to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life D. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATUREPAKISTAN Largest global Union, with diverse portfolio Climate Change is a Thematic Priority area Pioneer in climate change activities in Pakistan Role in policy advise, support in policy formulation Role in strengthening diplomatic efforts Role in mobilizing stakeholders Strong role in technical advice More resources and activities in Pakistan Project support aiming at adaptation More resources and activities in Pakistan must be made available More focus on mobilizing donor support for adaptation measure in Pakistan

More financial resources are required Strong convening mandate must be harnessed to initiate policy development process in Pakistan

93

E.

INTERNATINAL CENTRE FOR INTEGRATED MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT

Regional knowledge development and learning centre Support regional transboundary programmes through partnership String networking Role in implementation of adaptation measures (particularly in mountain ecosystems) Research mandate

More financial resources are required

F.

WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE, PAKISTAN

Mandate of conservation of natural resources and degradation of environment Integrate the environmental principles with other policies across the governmental and private sectors Potential role in design and implementation of adaptation activities

Climate change mandate needs to be focused More resources needs to be provided to initiate projects aiming and natural resources conservation, ecosystem protection and building community resilience

G.

OXFAM GB

Mandate of working directly with communities Role in responding to emergencies Potential role in building community resilience67 and climate change adaptation

More resources needs to be provided to initiate projects aiming and natural resources conservation, ecosystem protection and building community resilience Role in policy advice needs strengthening More partnership building required More resources needs to be provided to initiate projects related to climate change More focus of leadership development Active participation in advocacy campaigns

H.

LEAD PAKISTAN

Mandate of create, strengthen and support networks of people and institutions promoting change towards sustainable development Leadership development

94

Role in advocacy and partnership devotement I. ASIANICS AGRO DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL Expertise in research on climate change and allied disciplines including agriculture, forestry and economics Collaboration and partnership with international and national Strong role in policy and technical advice J. WINROCK INTERNATIONAL Role in agriculture, natural resources management, clean energy, and leadership development Role in mitigation through design and implementation of CDM projects K. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY INSTITUTE Mandate for providing expertise for policy analysis and development, policy intervention, and policy and program advisory services Advocacy campaigns and consultations Role in policy advice More resources needs to be provided to initiate projects for policy support Advisory role to be focused Important role for policy support could be harnessed More resources needs to be provided to initiate projects aiming and natural resources conservation, ecosystem protection and building community resilience Role in policy advice needs strengthening More partnership building required Advisory role to be focused More focus of CDM related activities

95

6 CONTACT INFORMATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE STAKEHOLDERS
No Organization and Address Focal Person Phone Email
National A. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN Environment and Rural Development Complex, Sector G- 5/ 2, Islamabad i. Environment Wing, Ministry of Environment Environment and Rural Development Complex, Sector G- 5/ 2, Islamabad Jawed Ali Khan Director General (Environment)/ Focal Point for the Designated National Authority Momin Agha Deputy Secretary (Climate Change- I) Deputy Secretary (Climate Change- II) Amjad Hussain CDM Expert ii. Global Change Impact Studies Centre, Ministry of Environment Care of; National Centre for Physics Near; Quaid-i-Azam University (New Campus) Shahdara Road, Islamabad Dr. Arshad Mohammad Khan Executive Director Dr. Mohsin Iqbal Head (Agriculture Section) Munir Ahmad Sheikh Head (Meteorology) Section Ghazanfar Ali Head (Water) Section iii. National Energy Conservation Centre Ministry of Environment Faridullah Khan Managing Director 051- 9925520 051-2077387 051-2077386 0300-8565236 051-2077387 051-2077386 051-2077387 051-2077386 051-2077387 051-2077386 051-9206001 hydroman_amji@ya hoo.com arshad.khan@gcisc. org.pak mohsin.iqbal@gcisc. org.pk munir.sheikh@gcisc. org.pk ghazanfar.ali@gcisc. org.pk mdenercon@gmail.c om 051- 9245528 jawedalikhan@hotm ail.com

051- 9245528

96

ENERCON Building Sector G- 5/ 2, Islamabad iv. v. Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency 311, Margalla Road, F-11/3, Islamabad Forestry Wing, Ministry of Environment ENERCON Building Sector G- 5/ 2, Islamabad Asif Shuja Khan Director General Inspector General of Forests (vacant) Dr. Shahzad Jehangir Deputy Inspector General of Forests- I Abdul Munaf Qaymkhani Deputy Inspector General of Forests- II vi. vii. Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar Zoological Survey Department Simly Dam Road, Bhara Kahu, Islamabad. Syed Said Badshah Bukhari Director General Director 051- 5800026 staff@zsd.gov.pk 051-9235142 051-9245589 051-9245586 Igf..moenv@gmail.c om Jehangir2000@hotm ail.com amqaimkhani@yaho o.com

051-9245585 0321-5259339

B.

PLANNING COMMISSION, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN P- Block, Pak Secretariat, Islamabad Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad Khan Deputy Chairman Dr. Aurangzeb Khan Head (Environment Section) Hameed Marwat Chief (Forestry and Wildlife) 051- 9214464 051- 9219396 051- 9208590 0300-5812419 051-9210225 051-9208027 0300-5248655 chief_env@mopd.go v.pk Aurangzeb_nrm@ya hoo.com

i.

Pakistan Institute for Development Economics

Dr. Rehana Saddiqui

97

Care of Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. C.

Chief Research

MINISTRY OF FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN B- Block, Pak Secretariat, Islamabad Dr. Qadir Bux Baloch Agriculture Development Commissioner Ms Nuzhat Fatima Commissioner (Special Crops) Dr Muhammad Aslam Gill Commissioner (Minor Crops) Dr. Shakil Ahmad Khan Commissioner (Wheat) 051- 9201718 051- 9201793 051- 9207695 051- 9201779 051-9203966 0300-8474642 051- 9255028 adc@minfal.gov.pk csc@minfal.gov.pk cmc@minfal.gov.pk wc@minfal.gov.pk chair@comsats.net. pk dgnarc@comsats.ne t.pk iftahamad@gmail.co m

i.

Pakistan Agriculture Research Council Ataturk Avenue, G-5/2, Islamabad

Dr. Zafar Altaf Chairman, Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad Director General, National Agricultural Research Centre Park Road, Islamabad Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Dr. Muhammad Munir Member (Plant Sciences) National Agricultural Research Centre Park Road, Islamabad Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Dr. Shahid Ahmad Member (Natural Resources) National Agricultural Research

051- 9255028

munir.m@live.com

051- 9255028

dr_shahidahamd@y ahoo.com

98

Centre Park Road, Islamabad Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Dr. A. N. Naqvi Member (Animal Sciences) National Agricultural Research Centre Park Road, Islamabad Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock a. Water Resources Research Institute National Agriculture Research Council Park Road, Islamabad Principal Scientific Officer 051- 9255028 annaqvi@yahoo.co. uk

D.

MINISTRY FOR WATER AND POWER, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN A– Block, Pak Secretariat, Islamabad Federal Flood Commission Chief Engineering Adviser Ahmad Kamal, Chief Engineer (Flood)

i.

ii.

Water and Power Development Authority WAPDA House, Sharah-e-Quaid-e-Azam, Lahore

Mohammad Shakeel Durrani Chairman, WAPDA Syed Raghib Abbas Shah Member (Water) Abid Saeed Director, Public Relations

47293 WAPDA PK 042-9202226 042-9202633 042-9202140 051-9100124 webinfo@pepco.gov. pk ppib@ppib.gov.pk

iii. v.

Pakistan Electric Power Company 725-WAPDA House, Lahore Private Power Infrastructure Board

Managing Director Managing Director

99

50, Nazimuddin Road, F7/4, Islamabad. v. Alternative Energy Development Board House No 3, Street: 8, F-8/3 Islamabad.

50, Nazimuddin Road, F7/4, Islamabad. Arif Allauddin Chief Executive Officer Dr. Atta Muhammad Panhwar Secretary, 051-9262947-48 051-9266542

E

MINISTRY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN 4th Floor, Evacuee Trust Complex, Agha Khan Road, F-5/1, Islamabad. Pakistan Council for Research on Water Resources Khyaban-e-Johar Road, Sector H-8/1, Islamabad Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies No. 25, H-9, Islamabad National Institute for Oceanography Street: 47, Block 1 Clifton, Karachi-75600 Dr. Abdul Majeed 51-9258247-8 abdul.majeed@undp partners.org.pk

i.

ii.

Dr. Zafar Iqbal Zaidi Director General

051-9258228

shamsi@isb.comsat as.net.pk zizadi@yahoo.com

iii.

Dr. Shaukat Hayat Khan Director General

021-9251172-3 021-9251172-8

niopk@cubexs.net.p k

F.

MINISTRY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL RESOURCES, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN A- Block, Pak Secretariat, Islamabad. Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan Plot No.18, Street 6, H-9/1, Islamabad Hilal Raza Director General Dr. Mohammad Pervaiz Principal Scientific Officer 051-9258301 051-9257015 hdip@apollo.net.pk m.pervaz@saarcene rgy..org

i.

G.

MINISTRY OF DEFENSE, GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN 3rd Floor, A block Pak Secretariat Islamabad.

100

i.

Pakistan Meteorological Department Headquarters Office, Sector H-8/2 Islamabad

Dr. Qamar-uz-Zaman Chaudhary Director General Arif Mehmood Chief Meteorologist, Met. Services , Hazrat Mir Chief Meteorologist, Flood Forecasting Division, Lahore Dr. Ghulam Rasul Chief Meteorologist, Research & Development Division, Naeem Shah Director, Climate Data Processing Centre, Karachi Dr Muhammad Hanif Director, National Weather Forecasting Centre. Abdul Rashid Director, Institute of Meteorology & Geophysics, Karachi S. Mushtaq Shah Director, Regional Meteorological Centre, Peshawar Saif Ullah Shami Director,

051-9250367 051-9250365

pmd@pakmet.com.p k

042-9200209

051-9250369

021-99261412

051-9250595

021-9261408

091-9210190

081-9213388

101

Regional Meteorological Centre, Quetta. Mahr Sahibzada Khan Director , Regional Meteorological Centre, Lahore. Jan Muhammad Khan Director, Drought Monitoring & Early Warning Centre, Islamabad Muhammad Ajmal Shad Director, Flood Forecasting Division, Lahore ii. Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission Sector 28, Gulzar-e-Hijri, Off University Road, Karachi 75270. NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY, PRIME MINISTER’S SECRETARIAT Prime Minister’s Secretariat, Islamabad. Brig. Sajid Naeem Member (Operations) 051-9214295 mops@ndma.gov.pk 042-37562806

051-9250359

042-7581224, 9200139

H.

INTERNATIONAL A. UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME House No. 12, Street: 17, F-7/2 Islamabad Mr. Abdul Qadir Rafiq Programme Specialist/ Officer-inCharge Environment and Energy Unit 051-8355641 051-8255600 0300-8509033 abdul.qadir@undp.or g

102

B.

WORLD BANK Level 8th, North Wing, Serena Office Complex, Sector G–5 / 1, Islamabad. Dr. Javed Afzal Senior Environment Specialist 051-2279641-6 jafzal@worldbank.or g

C.

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK Level-8, North Wing, Serena Office Complex Khayaban-e-Suhrawardy Islamabad. Raza Muhammad Farrukh Shaukat Shafi 051- 2087300 051- 2087300 rfarrukh@adb.org

D.

IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE- PAKISTAN Country Office 1, Bath Island. Clifton, Karachi. Islamabad Programme Office H. No: 21, Street 88, G-6/3, Islamabad. Shah Murad Aliani Country Representative Mahmood Akhtar Cheema Manager, Islamabad Ahmad Saeed Principal Expert (Global Change) Saadullah Ayaz Climate Change Coordinator 021-35861543 051- 2271027 051- 2271027 051- 2271027 051-9255003 0333-5282923 shah.murad@iucn.or g mahmood.cheema@ iucn.org ahmad.saeed@iucn. org saad.ayaz@iucn.org ci@dr.inayat.com

E.

INTERNATINAL CENTRE FOR INTEGRATED MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT Water Resource Research Institute, National Agriculture Research Centre, Park Road, Islamabad.

Dr. Inayatullah Chaudhry Regional Coordinator

103

F.

WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE, PAKISTAN 60, Bazar Road Sector G-6/4, Islamabad. OXFAM GB H. No: 201. Street. 10, Sector E- 7 Islamabad.

Dr. Ejaz Ahmad Deputy Director General

051-2602431-3 0332-2523982

ejaz.ahmad@wwf.or g

G.

Ms. Neva Khan Country Director Javeria Afzal Programme Coordinator Barkat Ali Programme Coordinator H. LEAD PAKISTAN LEAD House Plot 15, F-7 Markaz, Jinnah Super Market Islamabad. Ali Tauqeer Sheikh Chief Executive Officer Dina Khan Coordinator I. ASIANICS AGRO DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL H. No: 3, Street 35, F-8/1 Islamabad. WINROCK INTERNATIONAL H. No: 40 A & B, Street: 27, Sector F-6/2, Islamabad SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY INSTITUTE H. No: 20 – Hill Road, Sector F-6/3 Islamabad. Dr. Pervaiz Amir Executive Director Bikash Raj Pandey Country Representative

051-2653341-42 051-2653341-42 0300- 8568540 021-2653341-42 0300-8506508

nhkhan@oxfam.org. uk jafzal@oxfam.org.uk bali@oxfam.org.uk

051-2651511 051-2651511 051-2855032 0300-8552066 051- 8438690-7 2827051 0301-5094846

atsheikh@lead.org.p k dkhan@lead.org pchellianwala@gmai l.com bikashpan@gmail.co m

J.

K.

104

Shafqat Kakakhel Advisor Abid Qayyum Sulehri Executive Director Shakeel Ahmad Ramay Head, Climate Change

051- 227067477 0331-5122593 051- 227067477 051- 227067477 abid.sulehri@sdpi.or g shakeel.ramay@sdpi .org

105

Memorandum of Understanding- Pakistan Meteorological Department