DATA AND ANSWER SHEET

Name Sibal, Deanne Devonney R. Course, Yr. & Sec.ODP1A Class Schedule 7:00-10:00 am, T-TH

Remarks/Rating Instructor Dr. Maria Hedley A. Basco Group No. 7 Date June 30, 2012

EXPERIMENT 3 THE CELL I. Draw and label the parts of the cell

II.

Draw the Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane. Label and give the function/s of each part.

as may drugs. The Steroid Molecule Cholesterol gives the Plasma Membrane in some Eukaryotic Cells stability by reducing the fluidity and making the Bilayer more complete. serve as intracellular receptors. to instigate a response within the cell. semitransparent fluid that fills most cells  metabolic pathways including glycolysis  cell division     III. Complete the following table: Description   cell material outside the nucleus but within the cell membrane contains structures called organelles Composition and Metabolic Functions  gelatinous. These use energy in the form of ATP to actively move substances across the membrane. formingGlycolipids when attach to Phospholipid Molecules and Glycoproteinswhen they attach to proteins. Both Glycolipids and Glycoproteins can act asCell Receptor Sites. Mitochondria have infoldings of the membrane (called Cristae) containing Enzymes which are partly responsible for Aerobic Respiration. and a variety of other substances highly organized at the molecular level where a major part of cellular metabolism takes place proteins within cytosol play an important role in glycolysis. Transport Proteins are Carrier Proteins. They may also be involved in Cell Signalling in the Immune System. For example. enabling protein synthesis . and form part of ribosomes. These are Transport Proteins that allow the movement of molecules that are normally too large or too Hydrophilic to pass through the membrane by forming a tube-like structure that goes through the whole membrane. free proteins. Enzymes and Coenzymes may be attached to part of the membrane in order to carry out Metabolic Reactions.Parts and their function/s:  Carbohydrate Polymers may attach to parts of the membrane. ions in the soil are actively transported in the root hair cells of plants. Structure/Picture of Organelles Cytoplasm Cytosol   fluid portion of a cell's cytoplasm lies outside the organelles and other insoluble components of the cytoplasm     contains water. Intrinsic Proteins are Channel Proteins. Hormones may bind to them.

double membranes Power house of the cell    They release energy for cell functions Center of respiration of the cell Produce the most energy required for cell .Controls heredity cellular activities and Nucleus    Large spherical structure surrounded by a double membrane Composed of the nucleolus Where the chromosomes (DNA) can be found  Controls the genetic activities of the cell Nucleolus    Round mass inside the nucleus The core of the nucleus Where RNA can be found  Where preassemble ribosomes Mitochondria   Sacs with folded.DNA   Nucleic acid that makes up the chromosomes The genetic identity of the cell  .

This demonstrates one of the reasons for having all parts of a cell compartmentalized. quality control and dispatch  Golgi Complex Flattened stacks membrane-bound sacs of  function as a packaging plant. the cell couldn’t use the destructive enzymes if they weren’t sealed off from the rest of the cell. modifying vesicles from the Rough ER  Lysosome  the digestive system in the cell small membrane bound spheres  It breaks down molecules into their base components digestive enzymes. .  Associated with the production and metabolism of fats and steroid hormones Rough ER  It is studded with ribosomes  Involved in some protein production.Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth ER  It is not studded with ribosomes and is associated with smooth slippery fats. protein folding.

rRNA is involved in ribosome structure . and are also bound to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)  Where RNA is translated into protein RNA  Three types of nucleic acid involved in transcription and translation of genetic code   mRNA carries genetic code from DNA tRNA is involved in aminoacid activation.Peroxisome   Membranous containing enzymes sacs oxidative Destroy hydrogen peroxide in the cell Plasma Membrane   Outer bilayer boundary of cell Composed of lipids and proteins   Protection Regulates passage of substance in and out the cell Ribosome  Float freely in the cytoplasm.