The Constitutional Law provides the state with police power, power of taxation, and power of eminent domain. These are the three inherent powers of the state granted by the Bill of Rights. These three inherent powers are designed to provide equality, authority and liberty in order to protect the rights as stated in the Bill of Rights. It is the "framework" of the laws the USA is founded on. 1. POLICE POWER - Police power is pretty self explanatory in that the state has the right to oversee the police forces in the state to ensure peoples' rights are upheld appropriately. It also keeps at bay martial law, which is when the military is able to occupy a town, city, or other living area and restrict peoples' movements. 2. EMINENT DOMAIN - is the act in which property can be seized from a citizen with due compensation. In other words, the state can take over someone's land if they give a monetary compensation, as long as there is a true reason for such an action. 3. POWER OF TAXATION - allows the state to determine if they will have a state income tax and what that state income tax will be. The taxes can be voted on by citizens of the state, but often a tax being raised is based on economical need that the state has. Therefore, the states still oversee the increase or decrease in taxes. These are separate from the Federal Taxes.

A government is a body that has the power to make and enforce laws within an organization or group.

The President of the United States administers the EXECUTIVE Branch of our government. He enforces the laws that the Legislative Branch (Congress) makes. The President is elected by United States citizens, 18 years of age and older, who vote in the presidential elections in their states. These votes are tallied by states and form the Electoral College system. States have the number of electoral votes which equal the number of senators and representatives they have. It is possible to have the most popular votes throughout the nation and NOT win the electoral vote of the Electoral College. The Legislative part of our government is called Congress. Congress makes our laws. Congress is divided into 2 parts. One part is called the Senate. There are 100 Senators--2 from each of our states. Another part is called the House of Representatives. Representatives meet together to discuss ideas and decide if these ideas (bills) should become laws. There are 435 Representatives. The number of representatives each state gets is determined by its population. Some states have just 2 representatives. Others have as many as 40. Both senators and representatives are elected by the eligible voters in their states. The Judicial part of our federal government includes the Supreme Court and 9 Justices. They are special judges who interpret laws according to the Constitution. These justices only hear cases that pertain to issues related to the Constitution. They are the highest court in our country. The federal judicial system also has lower courts located in each state to hear cases involving federal issues.

6. Checks and Balances, separation of powers

The basic concept is that no one part of government (much less one
person) should be able to make policy easily. Every person or part of government should only have a

An example of one branch checking another branch would be if the Congress overrides a presidential veto. this is an example of checks and balances. ___ 3. One way they sought to accomplish those goals was through separating the powers of government among three branches of government. The idea was to make it much harder for government to tyrannize the people. or disapprove. When all three branches are using their powers appropriately. President George Bush sends troops to Iraq. ___ 7. The president has the power to veto. Checks and balances operate to ensure that no one body or group of people ever are able to have so much power that they are able to disproportionately influence the legal system or law making of a country. Congress ratifies the North American Free Trade Agreement. The three branches of government each have different powers. the power of the federal government is balanced. When one branch uses a power to stop another branch from using its power. ___ 4. . was impeached by the Congress. Below are some situations. Ensuring that any new law has to go through a system of intense scrutiny. Congress can use the override vote to stop him when it comes to passing bills into law. This is a major founding principle of our country -. Mark each one with an SP if it is an example of separation of powers or a CB if it is an example of checks and balances. Board of Education. ___ 8. charged with lying under oath. ___ 2. ___ 6.limited amount of power (separation of powers) and should have other people/parts of government that can block their actions (checks and balances). ___ 9. However. thus keeping one branch from having all the power. ___ 5. ___ 1. for example. __ 10. Checks and balances and the separation of powers are vital mechanisms to ensure the smooth running of democracy. President Clinton. The Supreme Court declares a law prohibiting flag burning unconstitutional. FDR meets with Churchill and Stalin to discuss a possible peace treaty. is one way of helping to ensure the long and successful life of democracy. To “check” means to stop. Principles of Government: Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances The founders of our country wanted to have a government that would not be too powerful. Congress overrides the president’s veto of the Patriot Act. a bill before it becomes a law.that no part of government should have the ability to wield uncontrolled power. Congress declares war on Japan. or that might take away their rights as the British government had done. his power can be checked. The Supreme Court hands down a decision on Brown v. The President pardons a convicted federal prisoner. Congress proposes a constitutional amendment prohibiting alcoholic beverages.