La France

, en forme longue la République française, est

une républiqueconstitutionnelle unitaire dont la majeure partie du territoire (la France métropolitaine) et de la population est située en Europe occidentale, mais qui comprend égalementplusieurs régions et territoires répartis dans les Amériques, l’océan Indien et lePacifique. Elle a pour capitale Paris, pour langue officielle le français et pour monnaie l’euro. Sa devise est Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité, et son drapeau est constitué de trois bandes verticales respectivement bleue, blanche et rouge. Son hymne est La Marseillaise. Pays ancien formé au Haut Moyen Âge, la France joue un rôle important dans l’histoire mondiale par l’influence de sa culture et de ses valeurs démocratiques etrépublicaines, par la colonisation qu’elle a menée en Amérique, en Asie, en Océanieet en Afrique, et par son rôle pionnier dans la construction de l’Union européenne. Elle est une puissance nucléaire, et l’un des cinq membres permanents du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies. Peuplée de 65 millions d’habitants (janvier 2011), la France est en 2010 la cinquième puissance économique mondiale aux taux de change du marché et possède letroisième plus grand budget militaire au monde. Son économie, de type capitalisteavec une intervention étatique assez forte, fait d’elle un des leaders mondiaux dans les secteurs de l’agroalimentaire, de l’aéronautique, de l’automobile, des produits de luxe, du tourisme et du nucléaire.

alone. It is an official language of all United Nations agencies and a large number of international organizations. as are languages such as Italian. French is estimated as having between 70 million speakers. and the Caribbean. 129 million.6 million people in Europe. The dominant position of the French language has only recently been overshadowed by English.French (français. in French. French served as the pre-eminent international language of diplomacy and international affairs. It is an official language in 29 countries. French is a descendant of the spoken Latin language of the Roman Empire. or approximately seven-percent of the world's population in 2050. Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium. Monaco. Africa. the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada. French- speaking Switzerland. According to a demographic projection led by the Université Laval and the Réseau Démographie de l'Agence universitaire de la francophonie. Romanian. thus making French the third language in the European Union that people state they are most able to speak. between the 17th and 20th centuries. Southeast Asia. Algeria (75%) and Côte d'Ivoire (70%). the community of French-speaking countries. La Francophonie. Its closest relatives however are the other langues d'oïl and French-based creole languages. IPA: [f sɛ]) is a Romance language spoken as a first language inFrance. [9] From the 17th century to the mid-20th century. [3] [1] [5] [6] [5] and 110 million native speakers and 190 million second language [7][8] French is the second-most studied foreign language in the world. after English and German. the largest numbers of which reside in Francophone Africa. Polynesia. French is most commonly spoken in Gabon (where 80% reports fluency) Mauritius (78%). Sardinian and Catalan. and by various communities elsewhere. totaling roughly 145. of whom 65 million are native speakers and 69 million are second-language or foreign language speakers. or twenty-six percent of the Union's total population speak French. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts of the world. French will be represented by approximately 500 million people in 2025 and by 650 million people. [3] As a result of extensive colonial ambitions of France and Belgium (at that time governed by a French-speaking elite). as well as a lingua franca among the educated classes of Europe. [10][11] . Spanish. French was introduced to the Americas. Twenty-percent of non-Francophone Europeans know how to speak French. According to the European Union. In Africa. Portuguese. after English. Its development was also influenced by the native Celtic languages of Roman Gaul and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the postRoman Frankishinvaders. most of which form what is called.