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"there is no consensus regarding the number of individual


characteristics needed to make a positive identification, and the
committee is not aware of any data about the variability of class or
individual characteristics or about the validity or reliability of the
method. Without such population studies, it is impossible to assess the
number of characteristics that must match in order to have any particular
"degree of confidence about the source of the impression.
Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community,
Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward
)(National Academy of Sciences Feb. 18, 2009


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