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Kyle Trepanier Professor Leslie Wolcott ENC 1102 22 October 2012 Annotated Bibliographies A good understanding of engineering ethics is imperative for a long and successful engineering career. Your academics are meaningless to an employer if you dont have good morals and ethics. In college engineering students are faced with a mathematical and technologically focused curriculum, so there is little room to teach them the ethics that relates to their future career. Many people suggest integrating an engineering ethics type class into the engineering curriculum to help engineers understand the importance of having a good set of ethics in the professional field. Newberry, Byron. "The Dilemma of Ethics in Engineering Education." Science & Engineering Ethics 10.2 (2004): 343-351. Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. The article The Dilemma of Ethics in Engineering Education by Byron Newberry addresses a different perspective of engineering ethics within college courses. Byron explains that engineering students lack knowledge relating to their professional code of ethics because their curriculum is profoundly technology based. He also brings up the point that undergraduate college students may not even be mature enough to handle serious emotional engagement, and that these ethics be briefly introduced to the students while they are young so that when they eventually come across a situation they can react on their own with some knowledge. According

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to the article the American Society of Civil Engineers even considered extending the curriculum to five years long because they believe four years is no longer enough with the ever changing technology centered world. King, W. J., and James G. Skakoon. "The Unwritten Laws of Engineering." Mechanical Engineering 132.12 (2010): 43-47. Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. The article The Unwritten Laws of Engineering by W.J. King and James G. Skakoon addresses the upfront and implied rules for being an engineer. The list of ethical topics that a professional engineer should keep in mind, as according to the authors, are as follows: the ability to get along with all kinds of people, never underestimate the extent of your professional responsibility and personal liability, let ethical behavior govern your actions and those of your company, be aware of the effect that your personal appearance and behavior have on others and, in turn, on you, beware of what you commit to writing and of who will read it, analyze yourself and your subordinates, and maintain your employability as well as that of your subordinates. This article presents a checklist for the basic expectations that you will encounter as an engineer. This article is not saying that if you dont follow these rules you are guaranteed unemployment as an engineer, but more along the lines of if you do follow these rules your experience as an engineer is likely to be greater than that if you didnt. These authors present very good ethical tips that can relate to some of my other articles. Graber, Glenn C., and Christopher D. Pionke. "A Team-Taught Interdisciplinary Approach to Engineering Ethics." Science & Engineering Ethics 12.2 (2006): 313-320. Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Oct. 2012.

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The article A Team-Taught Interdisciplinary Approach to Engineering Ethics by Glenn C. Graber and Christopher D. Pionke talks about a particular college course called Engineering Ethics that was introduced to give students a better understanding of the professional ethics associated with the engineering profession. According to Graber and Pionke this course was designed to blend engineering and non-engineering techniques into one class. The article describes engineering as a profession and its role in society; ethical successes and failures; risk, safety, and the environment; professional responsibilities; credit and intellectual property; and international concerns as the main focus for the class. The authors explain that the class is divided between engineering majors and business majors for the purpose of blending the two types of people that will have the most future business interaction. Students who have taken the course have positive things to say about it and have even recommended the class to their peers. Ramani, Raja V. "Engineering Ethics an Area In Need Of Greater Understanding." Mining Engineering 63.8 (2011): 55-67. Applied Science & Technology Full Text (H.W. Wilson). Web. 15 Oct. 2012. The article Engineering Ethics an Area in Need of Greater Understanding by Dr. Raja V. Ramani is a magazine article that discusses what ethics is as it pertains to engineers, and why an engineer must grasp the concepts in order to be successful as an engineer. Dr. Raja covers many of the important questions and statements that are commonly brought up when people discuss the matter of engineering ethics which are: Why discuss ethics now? Again?, Teaching of ethics in colleges and universities, Ethics and licensing issues, Professional societies and ethics, Corporate code of conduct and ethics, Ethics issues in earth resources engineering, and Resources for ethics learning. Dr. Raja explains that a college education is only part of becoming a professional engineer. You must possess traits that arent part of an engineering curriculum

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like: integrity, fairness, faithfulness, and honesty, which is most often just the consequence of a good upbringing and family support. Hoke, Tara. "The Importance of Understanding Engineering Ethics." Civil Engineering (08857024) 82.5 (2012): 40-41. Academic Search Premier. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. The article The Importance of Understanding Engineering Ethics talks about the education of engineering ethics and gives examples of the consequences that result if they are not followed correctly. The article talks about three different situations where engineering ethics were not followed properly and as a result had a major impact on the engineers and their customers. The explosion of the space shuttle Challenger was the result of a design flaw being ignored by engineers. The Citicorp Center skyscraper mistake involved an engineer who failed to account for heavy wind factors when building the base of the structure. A young engineer was found guilty of extorting political contributions from engineers in order to benefit himself and his new company. All of these are examples talked about in the article that could have been prevented if the engineering ethics were being followed. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Science, New Series, Vol. 6, No. 153 (Dec. 3, 1897), pp. 821-822. The article American Society of Mechanical Engineers is an older article that was written around the time where the society was new, but completely organized. The article talks about the many unique and innovative designs that are presented at the annual meetings of the society. The article gives a good insight to the ethics and guidelines the engineers must follow in order to make a product that is efficient and effective for their customers. As you read the article

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you notice that as the engineers designs are described they are the result of a good set of ethics being followed. Carhart, Henry S.. The Twentieth Century Engineer. Science, New Series, Vol. 32, No. 810 (Jul. 8, 1910), pp. 33-41. The article The Twentieth Century Engineer by Henry S. Carhart explains the expectations of new and upcoming engineers. Carhart explains that as time progresses so does technology and therefore new engineers must adapt to the problems of their generation. The article brings up many problematic situations that have been solved due to the innovation of engineers who possess leadership. Rice, Calvin W.. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , Vol. 101, The Ethics of the Professions and of Business (May, 1922), pp. 72-76. The Ethics of the Mechanical Engineer is an article that talks about the creation and modification of the codes of ethics for engineers. The article has topics including: The Mechanical Engineers Responsibility to Society, History of the Code of Ethics of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, The First Code Adopted by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and Attempt at a Second Code. The article is a good resource when trying to understand the foundations of the codes and why they were created in the first place. Joseph R. Herkert (2000): Engineering ethics education in the USA: Content, pedagogy and curriculum, European Journal of Engineering Education, 25:4, 303-313. The article Engineering ethics education in the USA: Content, pedagogy, and curriculum by Joseph R. Herkert brings up the issue of not enough effort being put forward in

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educating engineering students about ethics. The article brings up the statistic that only 20 percent of engineering students are required to take a course that teaches the ethics of engineering. Herkert brings up some well-known catastrophes that were the result of engineers not grasping the codes and laws of engineering completely. He suggests that more engineering students be required to take some sort of engineering ethics course as part of the curriculum to solve many avoidable future problems within the community. Harris, Charles E., et al. "Engineering ethics: what? why? how? and when?." JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION-WASHINGTON- 85 (1996): 93-96. Engineering Ethics: What? Why? How? And When? by Charles Edwin Harris Jr., Michael Davis, Michael S. Pritchard, and Michael J. Rabins is an article that covers the importance of all aspects of understanding the ethics of engineers. The authors have organized the article into four very general but to the point questions, what? why? how? and when?, and throughout the article answers each one specifically. The article explains some famous past disasters that took place because engineering ethics were either ignored or misunderstood. The main argument that the article presents is the need for engineering ethics being taught to students while still in school whether it is mixed into an academic course they must already or creating a class designed specifically to teach ethics. Stephan, Karl D. "A survey of ethics-related instruction in US engineering programs." Journal of Engineering Education 88.3 (1999): 459-464. The article A Survey of Ethics-Related Instruction in U.S. Engineering Programs by Karl D Stephan talks about the results of a survey that was presented to the engineering community. The survey was created in order to find out how much ethics is being taught to

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engineering students while still in college. Stephan mentions that less than 27 percent of all engineering students are required to take engineering ethics related courses at their institution. He implies that there is a need for better understanding of the ethics so that the engineering field can make positive changes to some of their flaws. Self, Donnie J., and Elizabeth M. Ellison. "Teaching engineering ethics: assessment of its influence on moral reasoning skills." JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATIONWASHINGTON- 87 (1998): 29-34. The article Teaching Engineering Ethics: Assessment of Its Influence on Moral Reasoning Skills by Donnie J. Self and Elizabeth M. Ellison is about a survey that was given to students who had taken a course on engineering ethics and those who hadnt taken the course. The concern is that engineers do not understand their code of ethics as they should be as the result of such a technologically focused curriculum. The results, according to the article, show students who took the course had a far better understanding of how to morally and ethically act as an engineer as compared to those who didnt take the course. The article then goes on to imply that there needs to be more institutions who offer students a chance to take engineering ethics type classes.