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ISSN (Online) 2319183X, (Print) 23191821
Volume 1, Issue 2 (October 2012), PP.3943
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www.irjes.com 39  Page
Correlation of Neutrosophic Data
I.M. Hanafy, A.A.Salama and K. Mahfouz
Egypt, Port Said University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences
ABSTRACT: Neutrosophy has been introduced by Smarandache [3, 4] as a new branch of philosophy.
Salama et al. [5] in 2012 introduced and studied the operations on neutrosophic sets. The purpose of this paper
is to introduce a new type of data called the neutrosophic data. After given the fundamental definitions of
neutrosophic set operations due to Salama [5], we obtain several properties, and discussed the relationship
between neutrosophic sets and others. Finally, we discuss and derived a fomula for correlation coefficient,
defined on the domain of neutrosophic sets.
Keywords: Neutrosophic Data; Correlation Coefficient.
I. INTRODUCTION
The fuzzy set was introduced by Zadeh [9] in 1965, where each element had a degree of membership.
The intuitionstic fuzzy set (Ifs for short) on a universe X was introduced by K. Atanassov [1] in 1983 as a
generalizaion of fuzzy set, where besides the degree of membership and the degree of non membership of each
element.
After the introduction of the neutrosophic set concept [3,4]. In recent years neutrosophic algebraic structures
have been investigated. Neutrosophy has laid the foundation for a whole family of new mathematical theories
generalizing both their classical and fuzzy counterparts, such as a neutrosophic set theory.It is very common in
statitical analysis of data to find the correlation between variables or attributes, the correlation coefficient
defined on ordinary crisp sets, fuzzy sets [2] and intuitionistic fuzzy sets [6,7,8] respectively. In this paper we
discuss and derived a fomula for correlation coefficient, defined on the domain of neutrosophic sets.
II. TERMINOLOGIES
We recollect some relevant basic preliminaries, and in partcular, the work of Smarandache in [3, 4],
and Atanassov in [1]. Smarandache introduced the neutrosophic components T, I, F which represent the
membership, indeterminacy, and nonmembership values respectively, where
 
+ ÷
1 , 0
is nonstandard unit
interval.
2.1 Defination. [3]
Let T, I,F be real standard or non_standeard subsets of
 
+ ÷
1 , 0
, with
Sup_T=t_sup, inf_T=t_inf
Sup_I=i_sup, inf_I=i_inf
Sup_F=f_sup, inf_F=f_inf
nsup=t_sup+i_sup+f_sup
ninf=t_inf+i_inf+f_inf,
T,I,F are called neutrosophic components
III. On NEUTROSOPHIC SETS
Salama et al [5] considered some possible definitions for basic concepts of the neutrosophic set and its
operations by the following :
3.1 Definition
Let X be a nonempty fixed set. A neutrosophic set ( NS for short)
A
is an object having the form
( ) ( ) ( )
{ }
, , , :
A A A
A x x x x x X u o ¸ = e
. Where ( ) ( ) x x
A A
o u , and ( )
A
x ¸ which represent the degree of
member ship function (namely ( ) x
A
u ), the degree of indeterminacy (namely ( ) x
A
o ), and the degree of non
member ship (namely ( )
A
x ¸ ) respectively of each element X xe to the set A .
3.1 Example
Correlation of Neutrosophic Data
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Every intuitionistic fuzzy set A a non empty set is obviously a nuetrosophic set having the form
( ) ( ) ( )
{ }
, , ,1 :
A A A
A x x x x x X u o u = ÷ e
3.1 Remark
A neutrosophic set ( ) ( ) ( ) { }
, , , :
A A A
A x x x x x X u o ¸ = < > e
can be defined an ordered triple
> <
A A A
¸ o u , ,
in 0,1
÷ +
3
on. . X
3.2 Remark
For the sake of simplicity, we shall use the symbol
, , ,
A A A
A x u o ¸ =< >
for the NS
.3.2 Example
Every Ifs A an nonempty set X is obviously on NS having the
form
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
{ }
, ,1 , :
A A A A
A x x x x x x X u u ¸ ¸ = < ÷ + > e
Since our main purpose is to construct the tools for developing neutrosophic set and neutrosophic data, we
must introduce the two neutrosopohic sets 0
N
and 1
N
in X
as follows:
0
N
may be defined as:
( )
1
0
{ }
0 ,0,0,1 :
N
x x X = e
( )
2
0
{ }
0 ,0,1,1 :
N
x x X = e
( )
3
0
{ }
0 ,0,1,0 :
N
x x X = e
( )
4
0
{ }
0 ,0,0,0 :
N
x x X = e
1
N
may be defined as:
( )
1
1
{ }
1 ,1,0,0 :
N
x x X = e
( )
2
1
{ }
1 ,1,0,1 :
N
x x X = e
( )
3
1
{ }
1 ,1,1,0 :
N
x x X = e
( )
4
1
{ }
1 ,1,1,1 :
N
x x X = e
3.2 Definition
Let ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A A A
A x x x x u ¸ o =< > a NS on X , then the complement of the set A ( ) (
C A , for short ) may be
defined as three kinds of complements
( )
1
C
{ } X x x x x x A C
A A A
e ÷ ÷ ÷ = : ) ( 1 ), ( 1 ), ( 1 , ) ( v o u ,
( )
2
C { } X x x x x x A C
A A A
e = : ) ( ), ( ), ( , ) ( u o v
( )
3
C { } X x x x x x A C
A A A
e ÷ = : ) ( ), ( 1 ), ( , ) ( u o v
One can define several relations and operations between two neutrosophic sets follows:
3.3 Definition
Let X be a nonempty set, and two neutrosophics A and B in the form ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A A A
A x x x x u o ¸ =
,
( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
B B B
B x x x x u o ¸ =
, then we may consider two possible definitions for subsets ( ) A B _
( ) A B _ may be defined as
(1) ( ) ( ) ( ) ,
A B A
A B x x x u u ¸ ¸ _ · s >
) (x
B
and ( ) ( )
A B
x x o o s x X ¬ e
(2) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ,
A B A B
A B x x x x u u ¸ ¸ _ · s > and
( ) ( )
A B
x x o o >
3.1 Proposition
For any neutrosophic set
A
the following are holds
(1) 0 , 0 0
N N N
A _ _
Correlation of Neutrosophic Data
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(2) 1 , 1 1
N N N
A _ _
3.4 Definition
Let X be a nonempty set, and
( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A A A
A x x x x u ¸ o =< > , ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
B B B
B x x x x u o ¸ =< > are NSS . Then
(1) A B may be defined as:
( )
1
I ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , . , . ,
A B A B
A B x x x x x u u o o =<
( ) ( ) .
A B
x x ¸ ¸ >
( )
2
I ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A B A B
A B x x x x x u u o o =< . .
( ) ( )
A B
x x ¸ ¸ v >
( )
3
I ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A B A B
A B x x x x x u u o o =< . v
( ) ( )
A B
x x ¸ ¸ v >
(2) A B may be defined as:
( )
1
U ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A B A B
A B x x x x x u u o o =< v v
( ) ( )
A B
x x ¸ ¸ . >
( )
2
U ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A B A B
A B x x x x x u u o o =< v .
( ) ( )
A B
x x ¸ ¸ . >
(3) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,1
A A A
A x x x x u o u =< ÷ >
(4) ( ) ( ) ( ) ,1 , ,
A A A
A x x x x ¸ o ¸ < > =< ÷ >
We can easily generalize the operations of intersection and union in Definition 3.4 to arbitrary family of
neutrosophic sets as follows:
3.5 Definition
Let { } : Aj j J e be a arbitrary family of neutrosophic sets in X , then
(1) Aj may be defined as:
(i) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
Aj Aj Aj
j J j J
Aj x x x x u o ¸
e e
= . . v
(ii) ( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
Aj Aj Aj
Aj x x x x u o ¸ = . v v
(2) Aj may be defined as:
(i)
> . . v =<
e e e
) ( ), ( ), ( , x x x x A
J j J j J j
j
¸ o u
(ii)
> . v v =<
e e e
) ( ), ( ), ( , x x x x A
J j J j J j
j
¸ o u
3.6 Definition
Let A and B are two neutrosophic sets then
A B may be defined as
( ) ( ) ( ) , , ,
A B A B A B
A B x x x x u ¸ o o ¸ u = . v
3.2 Proposition
For all
, A B
two neutrosophic sets then the following are true
(1) A A C C A C B C B A = _ ¬ _ )) ( ( ), ( ) (
(2)
X X X X
O C O C 1 ) ( , ) 1 ( = =
(3) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B C A C B =
(4) ( ) ( ) ( ) C A B C A C B =
3.1 Corollary
Let
, , A B C
be are neutrosophic in X . Then
i) A B _ and C D A C B D _ ¬ _ and A C B D _
ii) A B _ and A C A B C _ ¬ _
iii) A C _ and B C A B C _ ¬ _
iv) A B _ and B C A C _ ¬ _
Proof. It is clear from the definition.
Correlation of Neutrosophic Data
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IV. Correlation of two neutrosophic sets.
If we have a random from a crisp set with corresponding of triple membersihp grads of two
nuetrosophic sets we have interest in very likely we will compare the grads of membersihip functions of
neutrosophic sets to see if there is any linear relationship between the two nuetrosophic sets, we need a formula
for the sample correlation cofficient of two nuetrosophic sets to show the relationship between them.
4.1 Definition
For A and B are two neutrosophic sets in a finite spaceX
{ }
n
x x x ,..., ,
2 1
= , we define the correlation of
neutrosophic sets A and B as follows:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )   ¯ + + =
=
n
i
i B i A i B i A i B i A
x x x x x x B A CN
1
. . . ) , ( v v o o u u
and the correlation cofficient of A and B given by
( )
( )2
1
) ( ). (
) , (
,
B T A T
B A CN
B A R =
Where
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ¯ + + =
=
n
i
i
A
i
A
i
A
x x x A T
1
2 2 2
) ( v o u
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ¯ + + =
=
n
i
i
B
i
B
i
B x x x B T
1
2 2 2
) ( v o u
The follwoing Proposition is immediate from the definition
4.1 Proposition
For all A, B are two neutrosophic sets in a finite space X we have
1 ) , ( then , If )
) , ( ) , ( ), , ( ) , ( )
= =
= =
B A R B A ii
A B R B A R A B CN B A CN i
The following Therem generalizes both Therem 1.2. [2] and Proposion 2.3. [5].
4.1 Theorem
For neutrosophic sets A and B in X, we have
( )
( )
 
+
e = 1 , 0
) ( ). (
) , (
,
2
1
B T A T
B A CN
B A R
Proof.
Since ( ) , 0 , > B A CN we need only to show that
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
1
2
1
, , , B B CN A A CN B A CN s
If we denoted by the usual
dot product in
2
9 , then
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )  
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2 2 2
2
1
1
2 2 2
1
2
1
2 2 2
2
1
2 2 2
1
, , (
.
. . . ) , (
B B C A A C
x x x x x x
x x x x x x
x x x x x x B A CN
n
i
i
B
i
B
i
B
n
i
i
A
i
A
i
A
n
i
i
B
i
B
i
B
i
A
i
A
i
A
n
i
i B i A i B i A i B i A
=

.

\

¯ + +

.

\

¯ + +
s ¯


.

\


.

\

+ + + +
s ¯ + + =
= =
=
=
v o u v o u
v o u v o u
v v o o u u
where the first inequality coms from Schwarz
,
s inequality for
2
9 and the second for ) (
2
X L . This completes
the proof.
4.1 Remark
From the following counterexample, we can easily check that
, 1 ) , ( = B A R but B A= .
4.1 Example
Correlation of Neutrosophic Data
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Let
{ }
2 1
, x x X = and the neutrosophic sets B A, given by ( ) ( ) ( )
2
1
= = =
i A i A i A
x x x o v u and
( ) ( ) ( )
4
1
= = =
i B i B i B
x x x o v u
, 2 , 1 = i ,
( ) 1 , = B A R but B A= .
4.2 Example
In this example we will estimate the correlation coefficient between the neutrosophic data .
Let A, B are two neutrosophic sets in a finite space { } b a X , =
defined by ( ) ( ) { } 2 . 0 , 4 . 0 , 5 . 0 , , 5 . 0 , 2 . 0 , 3 . 0 , b a A = , ( ) ( ) { } 6 . 0 , 3 . 0 , 4 . 0 , , 6 . 0 , 4 . 0 , 2 . 0 , b a B =
Then we have
( ) , 88 . 0 , = B A CN
( ) , 83 . 0 = A T ( ) , 1 = B T then ( ) 896 . 0 , = B A R .
This value gives us the information that the nutrosophic sets A and B are positively and closely related with
Strength 0.896.
References
[1] K.T. Atanassov (1999), intuitinistic Fuzzy Sets, Physica–Verlag , Heidelberg, New York
[2] Ding. A. Chiang and Nancy.P. Lin (1999), Correlation of fuzzy sets, Fuzzy Sets and Systems 221226,.
[3] F.Smarandach, Nutrosophy (2002), A New Branch of Philosophy, in Multiple valued logic, An International Journal, Vol.8,No.3,297
384,.
[4] F.Smarandach(2003), Neutrosophic set a generalization of the intuitinistic fuzzy sets , Proceedings of the third conference of the
European Society for fuzzy logic and Technolgye, EUSFLAT, Septamper Zittau Geamany; Univ. of Applied Sciences at Zittau Goerlit 2,
141146.,.
[5 ] A.A .Salama and S.A. AL Blowi(2012) ; NEUTROSOPHIC SET AND NEUTROSOPHIC TOPOLOGICAL SPACES, IOSR Journal
of Mathematics (IOSRJM) ISSN: 22785728. Volume 3, Issue 4 (SepOct. 2012),3135
[6] C.Yu (1993), Correlation of fuzzy numbers, Fuzzy Sets and Systems 55303307.
[7] Dug Hun Hong and Seak Yoon Hwang(1995), Correlation of intuitinistic fuzzy sets in Probability Spaces, Fuzzy Sets an Systems 7577
81.
[8] WenLiany Hung and Jong Wuu(2002), Correlation of intuitinistic fuzzy sets by Centroid method, Information Sciences 144 219226,.
[9] L.A. Zadeh,(1965),Fuzzy Sets, Information and Control,8,pp.338353.
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