First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
1. Personal Pronouns (Kata ganti Orang/benda) Personal pronouns adalah kata ganti yang menggantikan orang atau sesuatu yang kita bicarakan. Personal pronoun dalam bahasa Inggris mencakup: Tunggal I (saya) You (kamu) He (dia laki-laki) She (dia perempuan) It (dia benda) 2. Kata kerja “to be” Kata kerja ini merupakan kata kerja penghubung, yang menghubungkan sebuah subjek dan sesuatu yang terhubung dengan subjek tersebut. Bentuk present simple dari ―to be‖ adalah sebagai berikut: Tunggal I am You are He is She is It is 3. Kalimat Dasar Formula (Rumus) Kalimat Positif = S + be (am/is/are) + adj (Kata Sifat / Profesi) Bahasa Inggris merupakan bahasa SPO (Subjek Predikat Objek) – yang berarti bahwa kalimat-kalimat tersusun atas subjek terlebih dahulu, lalu kata kerja, dan terakhir objek. Dengan menggunakan grammar di atas sekarang kita bisa membuat kalimat dasar dalam bahasa Inggris, misalnya:
  

Jamak We (kami/kita) You (kalian) They (mereka)

Jamak We are You are They are

I am a teacher (saya seorang guru) She is happy (dia bahagia) They are students (mereka adalah siswa)

Imam & Ita together forever

s : Nice to meet you too. thanks. Kosa kata baru dalam dialog-dialog di atas: I = saya you = kamu/anda name = nama meet = bertemu thank = terima kasih what = apa where = dimana how = bagaimana China = Cina Note: Imam & Ita together forever . I am OK.First Introducing about Present Tense. My name is Sylvia. How about you? v : I am great. Reading. What’s your name? r : My name is Sylvia. (3) v : Hi. Tyler. Aswering Question Contoh penggunaan dalam dialog: (1) a : Hi. thanks. Translating. Tyler! How are you? p : Oh. It is nice to meet you. Sylvia! How are you? b : I am fine. (4) r : What is your name? s : My name is Tyler Saunders. y : Nice to meet you. How are you? a : I am very well! (2) x : Hi. Sylvia. my name is Tyler. x : It is nice to meet you too. Where are you from? r :I am from China. Tyler.

Aswering Question KALIMAT TANYA DALAM SIMPLE PRESENT 1.Pertanyaan: Are they cats? ―To be‖ sebagai pertanyaan dalam bentuk Simple Present adalah sebagai berikut: Tunggal Am I (a teacher) ? Are you …? Is he …? Is she …? Jamak Are we …? Are you …? Are they …? = be (am/is/are) + S + adj (kata sifat / profesi) + ? Jamak We are not You are not They are not Imam & Ita together forever .Negatif: They are not cats Berikut adalah bentuk negatif dari kata kerja ―to be‖ dalam bentuk Simple Present (bentuk sekarang sederhana): Tunggal I am not You are not He is not She is not It is not 2. .Kalimat: They are cats . Bentuk negatif Simple Present – kata kerja “to be” Formula (Rumus) Kalimat Negatif = S + be (am/is/are) + not + adj (kata sifat / profesi) Kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan bentuk simple present yang menggunakan kata kerja ―to be‖ terbentuk secara berbeda dengan pertanyaan-pertanyaan lain. Translating.Pertanyaan: Are you a doctor? . Untuk membuat kalimat negatif kita cukup menambahkan ―not‖ sebelum kata kerja ―to be‖. Kalimat Tanya / Introgatif .Kalimat: You are a doctor .Kalimat: They are cats . Pertanyaan Simple Present Untuk membuat pertanyaan kita cukup membalik posisi subjek dan ―to be‖.First Introducing about Present Tense. Reading.Kalimat: You are a doctor .Negatif: Your are not a doctor .

and kind. / No.Is he a Student? .Yes. I’m tall. he’s very kind. she’s very cute. Translating. Aswering Question Is it …? 3.Are you a teacher? . Perlu diperhatikan bahwa dalam bahasa Inggris lisan kita biasanya menggunakan singkatan (contraction) untuk bentuk negatif. he is not. tall. I’m not. my name is Tyler. that’s great! (3) r : What does your friend look like. t : Wow. Contoh: No. Jawaban-jawaban singkat Kita bisa menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan ini dengan jawaban singkat menggunakan kata kerja ―to be‖. t : That’s great! (2) s : So Tyler. I am not . I’m a doctor. How about you? s : I’m a singer. It’s nice to meet you! Kosa kata baru: teacher = guru doctor = dokter great = hebat do = kerjakan/pekerjaan businessman = pebisnis singer = penyayi friend = teman hair = rambut brown = coklat kind = baik funny = menyenangkan happy = bahagia/senang web designer = perancang situs cute = manis/elok Imam & Ita together forever . and he has brown hair. handsome. Contoh penggunaan dalam dialog: (1) t : Sylvia. Singkatan-singkatan ini akan dipelajari khusus pada unit selanjutnya. I’m not. Sebagai contoh: . Reading. I’m funny. I’m a teacher and web designer. She’s a teacher. He’s really nice! (4) Hi.First Introducing about Present Tense. are you a teacher? s : No. Sylvia? s : Oh. and I’m really happy. he’s tall. bisa disingkat menjadi No. he is. what do you do? t : I’m a businessman. r : Is he kind? s : Yes. She’s also really smart. too. I am not. My friend’s name is Sylvia. I am / No.Yes.

Translating. Aswering Question look like = seperti tall = tinggi handsome = tampan smart = cerdas really = sungguh Note: Imam & Ita together forever .First Introducing about Present Tense. Reading.

Contoh: It is cold in winter. Tindakan-tindakan ini diulangi secara teratur. Translating. sehingga dianggap sebagai sebuah realita sekarang dan dinyatakan dalam Simple Present tense.Fish lives in water. Bentuk waktu ini digunakan untuk kondisi-kondisi berikut. . Aswering Question PRESENT TENSE Kalimat Positif Formula (Rumus) = S + V1 (s/es) + Obj = S + V1 (s/es) + Complement = S + V1 (s/es) + Obj + Complement Simple persent tense digunakan untuk membuat kalimat tentang waktu sekarang. .00 . Conth: I work at home. . Reading.First Introducing about Present Tense. Berikut contoh kata kerja ―give‖ dalam Simple Present: Tunggal I give You give He gives She gives It gives Aturan penulisan kata kerja untuk Simple Present tense Jamak We give You give They give Imam & Ita together forever .They come here every day. tetapi berarti bahwa dalam kondisi sekarang saya bekerja di rumah.Tindakan kebiasaan: I get up at 5. ―I work at home‖ tidak berarti saya sedang bekerja sekarang. .She plays piano.Fakta permanen: Kalimat-kalimat yang menyatakan fakta yang selalu berlaku/benar. .Fakta sekarang: Kalimat-kalimat yang menyatakan fakta yang benar untuk saat sekarang.The sun shines .

kiss .buys.fixes.catches push . (kata don’t merupakan penyingkatan dari kata do not) It doesn’t like you think about.pushes. go . Sebagai cntoh ―I eat . Imam & Ita together forever .He eats―. catch . I don’t know about it. kecuali untuk orang ketiga tunggal (He.rushes try . She dan It. Contoh I do not go to school. cry – cries buy . yakni tidak ditambahkan ―s‖ tetapi ―es―.tries. yakni kata kerja ditambahkan ―s‖. She does not like him.First Introducing about Present Tense.goes pass . rush . sehingga cukup ditambahkan -s seperti biasa. Translating.does. It). Aswering Question Jika kita melihat diatas.mixes match .kisses fix . pay . mix . (kata doesn’t merupakan penyingkatan dari kata does not) Alan does not like woman. Berikut aturannya: Akhiran kata kerja Kata kerja berakhiran -o ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -s ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -x ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -ch ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -sh ditambah -es —– Kata kerja yang berakhiran huruf konsonan dan y sering merubah akhiran -y menjadi -ies: Kata kerja seperti ―buy‖ tidak memiliki konsonan sebelum ―y‖.matches.passes. Terkadang aturan penulisan lain untuk kata kerja juga berlaku bagi He. Contoh do . Reading. She.pays. anda akan melihat bahwa penulisan kata kerja tidak berubah. Kalimat Negatif Formula (Rumus) = S + do/does + not + V1 (s/es) + Obj = S + do/does + not + V1 (s/es) + Complement = S + do/does + not + V1 (s/es) + Obj + Complement Kalimat negatif pada present tense pada dasarnya sama seperti kalimat negatif pada Simple Present Tense.

You don’t) Does she like him? (Yes.30. First. I go to work at 8. You do or No. he doesn’t or no. Contoh Do I go to school? (Yes.50. let me tell you about my daily routine.First Introducing about Present Tense. do you have a hobby? Sure. I also like reading books. Translating. I’m really happy to meet you! 3) Tyler. I play sports and I study English. and finish work at 5. Alan doesn’t) Do they run together? (Yes. have a shower. Alan does or yes. I’m 24 years old.00. I like music and movies. I get up at 8. and I start work at 9. She does or No. 1) Hi. Oh. I come from Korea.00. Then I have lunch at 1. and eat breakfast. they don’t) Penggunaan Do dan Does dalam kalimat tanya DO Do I …? Do You…? Do They …? Do we …? DOES Does she …? Does he …? Does it …? Does Ita …? Contoh penggunaan dalam percakapan. She doesn’t) Does Alan not like woman? (yes. they do or no.00. I like books as well. he does or no. Reading. I’m tall and I have black hair. I read books. Do you watch TV? Imam & Ita together forever . Aswering Question Kalimat Tanya (Introgatif) Formula (Rumus) = do/does + S + V1 (s/es) + Obj + ? = do/does S + + V1 (s/es) + Complement + ? = do/does + S + V1 (s/es) + Obj + Complement + ? Kalimat negatif pada present tense pada dasarnya sama seperti kalimat negatif pada Simple Present Tense. That’s my day! 2) Hi! My name is Sylvia. I don’t like cake. I go to bed at 11.30. then I brush my teeth. of course or yes.

I watch TV every day. Aswering Question Yes. I like the news. Translating. That sounds great! Kosa kata baru: daily routine = rutinitas harian first = pertama get up = bangun brush = menyikat have = mempunyai shower = shower eat = makan breakfast = sarapan pagi go = pergi work = bekerja start = mulai lunch = makan siang finish = selesai bed = tempat tidur day = siang/hari come = datang come from = berasal dari Korea = Korea black = hitam music = musik movies = filem also = juga read = membaca play = bermain sports = olahraga study = belajar hobby = kegemaran book = buku watch = menonton TV = Televisi drama = drama comedy = komedi news = berita gym = gimnastik let’s =mari kita together = bersama Note Imam & Ita together forever . I like drama and comedy programs. Reading. And I go to the gym as well.First Introducing about Present Tense. Me too! Let’s go together.

7. They have four children. They have been happily married for fifteen years. 14. Mark and John go to St. Hilda and Jane are still at Primary School. Lucy works at the local supermarket. Translating. 12. no traffic. The two boys often go out with their friends at the weekends. 2. 3. Robert works in a factory. 13. How long have Robert and Lucy been married? Where does Robert work? What are his working hours? What does Lucy do? Does she work full time? What are the ages of the four children? Which school do the boys go to? What about the girls? Where do they live? What's at the back of the house? 1s it a noisy street? What's the only noise they can hear? What do the boys do at the weekends? What about the girls? What sort of dog do they have? Imam & Ita together forever . 6. She works part time from 10 to 2. 11 and Jane. The back of the house gives on to the park and it's a very quiet place. Aswering Question A Happy Family Robert and Lucy are married. They live in a little cottage in Park Lane. They all like playing with the dog. They have a little Yorkshire Terrier. Reading. John. The girls like to stay at home watching TV or playing in the garden. 10. or the birds in the trees. Questions: 1. Hilda. 9. 11. Sometimes they go to the school sports grounds to play football. he's a machine operator. 8. 14. He works from 8 to 3. Mary's Secondary school of the local County council. 13. 15.First Introducing about Present Tense. She's the supervisor of the check-out. There is no noise. 4. 5. Mark. The only noise they hear comes from the children playing in the park. 8.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful