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Question 1. How many steps are in the systems development life cycle (SDLC)? A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 10 Question 2. The first step in the systems development life cycle (SDLC) is: A. Analysis. B. Design. C. Problem/Opportunity Identification. D. Development and Documentation. Question 3. Most modern software applications enable you to customize and automate various features using small custom-built “miniprograms” called: A. macros. B. code. C. routines. D. subroutines. Question 4. The organized process or set of steps that needs to be followed to develop an information system is known as the: A. analytical cycle. B. design cycle. C. program specification. D. system development life cycle. Question 5. How many steps are in the program development life cycle (PDLC)? A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 10 Question 6. The make-or-buy decision is associated with the ____________ step in the SDLC. A. Problem/Opportunity Identification B. Design C. Analysis D. Development and Documentation Question 7. In the Analysis phase, the development of the ____________ occurs, which is a clear statement of the goals and objectives of the project. A. documentation B. flowchart C. program specification D. design

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Question 8. Actual programming of software code is done during the ____________ step in the SDLC. A. Maintenance and Evaluation B. Design C. Analysis D. Development and Documentation Question 9. Enhancements, upgrades, and bug fixes are done during the ____________ step in the SDLC. A. Maintenance and Evaluation B. Problem/Opportunity Identification C. Design D. Development and Documentation Question 10. The ____________ determines whether the project should go forward. A. feasibility assessment B. opportunity identification C. system evaluation D. program specification Question 11. Technical writers generally provide the ____________ for the new system. A. programs B. network C. analysis D. documentation Question 12. ____________ design and implement database structures. A. Programmers B. Project managers C. Technical writers D. Database administrators Question 13. ____________ spend most of their time in the beginning stages of the SDLC, talking with end-users, gathering information, documenting systems, and proposing solutions. A. Systems analysts B. Project managers C. Network engineers D. Database administrators

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Question 14. ____________ manage the system development, assign staff, manage the budget and reporting, and ensure that deadlines are met. A. Project managers B. Network engineers C. Graphic designers D. Systems analysts Question 15. ____________ is the process of translating a task into a series of commands that a computer will use to perform that task. A. Project design B. Installation C. Systems analysis D. Programming Question 16. Debugging is: A. creating program code. B. finding and correcting errors in the program code. C. identifying the task to be computerized. D. creating the algorithm. Question 17. Translating the problem statement into a series of sequential steps describing what the program must do is known as: A. coding. B. debugging. C. creating the algorithm. D. writing documentation. Question 18. Translating the algorithm into a programming language occurs at the ____________ step of the PDLC. A. Debugging B. Coding C. Testing and Documentation D. Algorithm Development Question 19. The problem statement should include all of the following EXCEPT: A. input. B. output. C. processing. D. storage.

d 13. error handler C. testing plan B.a 14. The problem statement includes the ____________. which lists specific input numbers a program would typically expect the user to enter and precise output values that a perfect program would return for those input values. A. b 7.b 17.a 15.d 16. c 2. d 9.4 Question 20. c 3.b 19. c 8.d 20. b 6.a 11.a . a 4. input-output specification Answers 1.c 18. a 10. IPO cycle D.d 12. d 5.

C. C.Opening a new store in a nearby suburb. Produce a regular newsletter. D. Implementing a national TV campaign. Organisational goals D. End-user C. D. A customer who uses a credit card in an EFTPOS machine. Changing the type of products sold. Reducing the price of unsold chickens. C. Increase company profit margin. B. B. D. Tax file number. An example of a decision the manager would make is A. Strategic decision-making support. C. A programmer who writes code for a software module. Which of the following strategies would best achieve this aim? A. Question 2 A store manager of Red Fried Chicken only makes operational decisions based on daily reports. B. C. Question 4 An organisation’s goal is to ‘improve the communication of events to members’.Support for an organisation’s management needs.Procedures Question 19 Which of the following would not be considered an end-user of an information system? A. C. B. A large database of specialised knowledge. Employment category. Question 18 Which of the following is not a component of an information system? A. D.Use a spreadsheet to keep track of finances. D.Question 1 A transaction processing system is concerned with A. Equipment B. B. Make sure all membership information is accurate. D. B. Operational day-to-day activities.A sales assistant in a video shop who searches a database for a specific title. Expand customer base. income level and average age. Medicare number and name of doctor. Provide quality service. Employment category.Educational level. 5 . Question 3 Which of the following could not be considered an organisational goal? A. Question 5 The profile of an audience can include its A. A student who accesses information on a website. favourite colour and average age. income level and years of employment.Complete backups every Friday. Reduce labour costs.

C. A website provides information on the cost of air flights. evaluate. It takes too long for sales to be recorded and processed. evaluate. Allow management to make timely decisions by providing up-todate information in a spreadsheet. design. B. B. What is the minimum time the project can be completed? A. 24 days D.A sales brochure indicates what items are on special. document. The use of a docket book is old fashioned. D. test. The sales assistant is under-qualified for the task. document. The passing of 50% of the time allocated to the project. D. Question 29 A sales assistant needs to record a sale by manually completing a form in a docket book. implement. The completion of the project. develop. Question 35 A project has a critical path of 21 days. design. D.Question 20 Which of the following would improve the effectiveness of a system? A. Install a barcode reader to reduce the time needed to enter data.The conclusion of an important stage of a project and has a time duration equal to the sum of the time durations for each step of that stage. test. document. The meaning of a word is read from a dictionary. evaluate. document. Automate a manual process to reduce salaries. B. Question 40 Which of the following is a primary source of data? A. D. D. Question 28 The correct order of steps to solve a problem is A. C. C. develop.Depends on whether the ‘testing the solutio’ task lies on the critical path. C. analyse. B. B. C. The ‘testing the solution’ task has a slack time (or lag time) of three days. What is a likely problem that this practice could lead to? A. Design. 21 days C. implement. develop. Make it easier for employees to access information by developing a database.The information in the docket book is not timely. implement. implement. design. develop. The conclusion of an important stage of a project and has zero time duration. evaluate. 18 days B. A student reads the voltage across a lamp using a voltmeter. test. Question 34 A milestone in project management indicates A. test. 6 . Analyse. Analyse.Analyse.

This is a breach of the Privacy Amendment (Private Sector) Act 2000. presentation. From the patient’s data below. C. Validate the data B. Biometric technology replacement plan. Storyboard D. validation techniques. backup plan. privacy regulations. spelling. Question 44 Which design tool would be most appropriate for a website? A. validation techniques.Proofreading. B. presentation. Copyright restrictions. This is a breach of the Health Records Act 2001. D. test plan. Which of the following is true? A. functionality. C. functionality.7 Question 41 A database of patient information for a medical clinic is to be developed. backup plan. B. D. Patient’s age C. recovery plan.The owner of the tip is liable for damages. Useability. Useability. Decrypt the data D. Which attributes should be tested? A.Archive the data Question 65 A disaster recovery plan should include A. Copyright restrictions. B.Spelling. Useability. . D. Question 64 One way to secure data for transmission over a network is to A. recovery plan. Nassi-Schneidermann diagram C. trademarks. testing the message. Layout diagrams B. This is embarrassing but is not actually in breach of any law. functionality.Data flow diagram Question 45 A web-based solution has been developed and needs to be tested. Encrypt the data C. Biometric technology replacement plan. Patient’s name B. trademarks. emergency plan.Patient’s credit rating Question 42 Constraints on data to be used in a presentation include A. Question 62 A patient’s medical records are found at the tip. Patient’s allergies D. Copyright. B. privacy regulations. spelling. presentation. C. validation techniques. which is the least important? A.

System Study involves A.C. Failure to follow file management procedures. test plan. study of an existing system documenting the existing system. 1. Answer: Option C 4. D. The primary tool used in structured design is a: A. E. B.All of the above. C. C. System Development Life Cycle CASE tool Phased Conversion Success factors Move of the above. D. C. D. Answer: Option A In a _____ one module of the new information system is activates at a time.Emergency plan. emergency plan. structure chart data-flow diagram program flowchart module None of the above 3. D. backup plan. C. E. Question 66 Accidental damage to an information system can be caused by A. recovery plan. B. A. B. E. B. D. test plan. Failure of hardware components. User error. identifying current deficiencies and establishing new goals All of the above None of the above 8 Answer: Option D 2. backup plan. Biometric technology replacement plan. In Prototyping .

D. B. C. E.9 A. B. B. A. E. D. C. - to identify the top level functions by combining many smaller components into a single entity to prepare flow charts after programming has been completed to identify a top level function an d then create a hierarchy of lower-level modules and components. An algorithm A list A plan A sequential structure None of the above 6. D. E. 5. the last of which refers to the first record. BASIC is used COBOL is used 4GLs are used system is documented None of the above Answer: Option C The step-by-step instructions that solve a problem are called _____. C. Answer: Option A A Ring. is called a/an . Answer: Option C Which of the following is not a factor in the failure of the systems developments projects? A. C. B. in the chain. D. E. Answer: Option A The approach used in top-down analysis and design is A. All of the above None of the above 7. refers to a record chain. - size of the company inadequate user involvement failure of systems integration continuation of a project that should have been cancelled None of the above 8.

"What information will the computer need to know in order to either print or display the output times?" A. maintenance and other expenses are included in the rental charge B. B. is (are) not true for the lease option A. - Input Output Processing Purpose None of the above Answer: Option A 11. C. E. D. Answer: Option C The primary tool used in structured design is a: A. B. E. D. C. - addressing location pointer loop None of the above 9. A problem's _____ will answer the question. Which of the following statements. C. - data-flow diagram module structure chart program flowchart None of the above Answer: Option C 10. C. Lease may be written to show higher payments is early years to reflect the decline in value of the system Insurance. Lease charges are lower than rental charges for the same period and are also tax deductable. E. B. . D.10 A.

D. B. E. C. at every stage at system design at system analysis at system development None of the above -Answer: Option A 14. B. the user and systems personnel must work closely together. Documentation is prepared A. B. C. D.11 D. - energies and maintenance maintenance and waste maintenance and signal products and waste None of the above Answer: Option C 13. The two classifications of inputs are A. - All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 12. C. E. System Implementation Phase entails A. System check outs Pilot run Parallel runs All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option A 15. E. Which of the following is not true of the conversion phase of the development life cycle? A. steps must be taken to phase out the old system . B. D. E.

select the optimum equipment configurations evaluate alternate equipment configurations describe information needs All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option E 17. In phase 1 of the system development life cycle. D. which of the following aspects are usually analyzed? A. Positive testing is A. the techniques used to process data determine how data must be structured to produce the user's view All of the above -Answer: Option A 19. Data Definition Language (DDL) A. outputs input (transactions) . B. C. running the system with line data by the actual user making sure that the new programs do in fact process certain transactions according to Specifications is checking the logic of one or more programs in the candidate system testing changes made in an existing or a new program None of the above -Answer: Option B 18. Managers who are potential users of the MIS A. E. E. E. D. describes how data are structured in the data base specifies for the DBMS what is required. D. D. B. documentation should be emphasized the non machine components of the system should be considered None of the above -Answer: Option C 16.12 C. B. C. B. C.

13 C. D. B. System requirements are established System analysis is carried out Programs are tested All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option E 21. E. B. pictorial depictation of alternate conditions . controls All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D 20. E. The mistake. is called A. pilot phased parallel direct None of the above -Answer: Option C 22. D. the system implementation approach used is A. Decision tree uses A. C. E. committed by interchanging two digits in a numeric held. D. C. E. during data entry. transposition error transcription error Beta testing error Alpha testing error None of the above -Answer: Option A 23. D. To run the old system and the new system at the same time for a specified period. During the maintenance phase A. C. B.

14 B. E. -Answer: Option C 26. C. On the feasibility committee. C. A decision table facilitates conditions to be related to A. actions programs tables operation None of the above -Answer: Option A 27. D. system design phase systems analysis phase before system test All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option B 25. Problem analysis is done during A. C. direct users of the new system . E. E. D. B. a group of related fields a map of the programmer's view of the data an approach in which the top module is first tested then program modules are added from the highest level to the lowest level a series or group of components that perform one or more operations of a more complex system None of the above D. Top-down programming is A. nodes and branches consequences of various depicted alternates All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D . 24. E. B. department representatives serve as: A. B. D. C.

E. A branch office. E. E. Elapsed time. 30. B. beta test data alpha test data string test data system test data None of the above -Answer: Option A. response time waiting time . B. D. planning review maintenance batch Processing None of the above -Answer: Option B 31. System Development Life Cycle CASE tool Phased Conversion Success Factors Move of the above -Answer: Option A 29. C. where a newly developed system is used under normal operating conditions for several months. B. An appraisal. C. is called A. D. D.15 B. D. C. E. 28. liaison to their departments ready sources of information All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D . C. A _____ is an outline of a process that keeps develop successful information systems A. between initiating a query and receiving a response is called A. is called system A. to test it. B. location or other data processing centres. of a system's performance after it has been installed.

D. E. the techniques used to process data determine how data must be structured to produce the user's view All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option B 35. E. planning controlling directing organizing None of the above -Answer: Option B 33. B.16 C. B. B. D. During the system study. Which of the following is (are) not a tool for Application Prototyping? A. Data manipulation language (DML) A. processing time Turnaround time None of the above -Answer: Option D 32. E. the executive vice-president and the other managers exercise their responsibility of A. C. describes how data are structured in the data base specifies for the DBMS what is required. D. D. Control Selection switching B. A. Application generators third generation language screen generators report generators None of the above -Answer: Option B 34. D. The set of. C. Repetition Sequence . C. instructions for how to tie a bow is an example of the _____Structure. E. E. C.

Which of the following appropriately explains the desirable characteristic of good system design? A. C. B. term Integration . D. C. B. users do not participate at this preliminary stage should be comprehensive every statement should be executed All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option A 40. C. D. On a systems flowchart. D. B. the online manual keeping of input data is identified by using the A. E. D. Which of the following is not a characteristic of good test data A. array link list tree All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option C 38. E. E. B. An example of a hierarchical data structure is A. Modular approach Proper documentation Conversion Long discussions None of the above -Answer: Option A 37. E. In the system concepts.17 -Answer: Option D 36. online storage symbol Online keyboard symbol keeping operation symbols manual operation symbols None of the above -Answer: Option B 39. C.

C. B. B. Management's decision to rent a computer system may be based upon A. D. D.test data Decision table . B.18 A. Which are the tools not used for System Analysis A. refers to the holism of systems None of the above -Answer: Option D 41. but the action takes place in the order is which the events occur. E. Indexed-Sequential organization A. System . C. D. E. E. Stores records sequentially but uses an index to locate records uses an index for each key type has records placed randomly throughout the file None of the above -Answer: Option B 42. C. tax advantages desire to avoid a large one-time payment operational flexibility in changing hardware All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option E 43. C. E. B. means that parts of the computer system depend on one another. All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D 44. means storing records in contiguous blocks according to a key. D. The rule(s) to follow in constructing decision tables is (are): A. implies structure and order refers to the manner in which each component functions with other components of the system. a decision should be given a name the logic of the table is independent of the sequence in which conditions rules are written. B. standardized language must be used consistently.

D. B.19 C. A. E. can only be accessed serially have to be arranged in a key sequence are meant for backup cannot be transferred to a disk file None of the above -Answer: Option A 48. C. identification of business processes that are the essence of the business a distributed database management the system has a large number of PCs and a LAN. The starting point for development of an MIS is. restoring the data files whenever there is a system crash All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D 46. C. B. Data Flow Diagram Flowcharts None of the above -Answer: Option A 45. running the system with line data by the actual user making sure that the new programs do in fact process certain transactions according to Specifications is checking the logic of one or more programs in the candidate systems testing changes made in an existing or a new program . The records in a file or magnetic tape A. E. restoring the operation whenever there is a disk failure restoring both application and system software whenever there is disk corruption. B. Acceptance testing is A. C. E. D. B. D. Back-up procedure helps in A. purchase of a mini computers None of the above -Answer: Option A 47. E. D. C. D.

each succeeding phase is more detailed than the phase before it each succeeding phase is as detailed as the phase before it. will look like and get a feedback.20 E. D. D. C. E. Input Process Stop B. each succeeding phase is less detailed than the phase before it aLL of the above None of the above -Answer: Option A 2. B. A. D. Which of the following systems implementation approaches should be used if you want to run the old system and the new system at the same time for a specified period? A. quickly. D. System prototyping helps the designer in A. when developed. to the system manager to whom he reports both (a) and (b) None of the above -Answer: Option B 4. E. None of the above -Answer: Option A 49. -Answer: Option A In top down analyis and design A. B. Output Start -Answer: Option C 3. direct . C. C. how the system. B. communicating to the user. E. A. giving a demo of the software. Input/Output Process Selection/repetition Start/Stop None of the above 1. The _____ symbol is used in a flowchart to represent a step that gets information from the user. The _____ symbol is used in a flowchart to represent a calculation task. E. making the programmers understand how the system will function. C.

-Answer: Option B Which of the following is not considered as a tool at the system design phase? A. To avoid errors in transcription and transposition. C. D. B. D. 5. D. B. B. C. piechart data-flow diagram decision table systems flowchart None of the above -Answer: Option A 7. C. E. B. is A. Sequential or series testing is A. First record points only to the last record Last record points to the first record Many records point to one record Each record points to all other records None of the above 6. C. E. D. C. in Data structure. the System Analyst should A. provide for a check digit provide for a hash totals provide batch totals All of the above -Answer: Option D 8. pilot parallel phased None of the above -Answer: Option C Main characteristic of "ring". running the system with line data by the actual user making sure that the new programs do in fact process certain transactions according to Specifications is checking the logic of one or more programs in the candidate system testing changes made in an existing or a new program . D.21 B. during data entry. E.

outputs and inputs All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D 14. None of the above -Answer: Option C A consideration evaluated by management when planning to convert to a computer system is : A. C. E. E. A system design aid should primarily A. feedback and environment control and processors. D. maintenance available software CPU sized speed All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option D 11. E. To reconstruct a system. 9. C. C. which of the following key element(s) must be considered : A. B.22 E. decentralisation of program activity functional modularisation localisation of errors All of the above None of the above -Answer: Option B 13. Structured Programming involves A. B. B. C. D. The conditions immediately outside a system is called . E. B. D. - help analyse both data and activities help in documentation generate code using a graphical user interface None of the above Answer: Option A 12. D.

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A. B. C. D. E. The boundary The interface The environment The protocols None of the above

-Answer: Option C 15. A feasibility document should contain all of the following except:

A. B. C. D. E.
-

project name problem descriptions feasible alternative data-flow diagrams None of the above

Answer: Option B 16. Which of the following is used when a company goes outside its organization to develop a new system? A. B. C. D. E. data flow diagram systems flowchart project dictionary request for proposal Norte of the above

-Answer: Option D 17. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a system

A. B. C. D. E.

operates for some purpose has homogeneous components has interacting components operates within a boundary None of the above

-Answer: Option B 18. Which of the following is not considered a tool at the system Design phase?

A. B.

Data-Flow Diagram Decision Table

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C. D. E. Pie chart System Flowchart None of the above

-Answer: Option C 19. Which of the following is a graphic representation of the modules in the System and the interconnection between them

A. B. C. D. E.

Pie chart Flow chart Structural chart System chart None of the above

-Answer: Option C 20. A group of related fields, is known as

A. B. C. D. E.

tuple schema records file None of the above

-Answer: Option A 21. Advantages of data base system is (are)

A. B. C. D. E.

storage space duplication is eliminated all applications share centralized files data are stored once in the data base and are easily accessible when needed All of the above None of the above

-Answer: Option D 22. A Decision table

A. B. C. D.

represents the information flow documents rules, that select one or more actions, based on one or more conditions, from a set of possible conditions. gets an accurate picture of the system shows the decision paths

-Answer: Option B

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23. The structure chart is: A. B. C. D. E. a document of what has to be accomplished a hierarchical partitioning of the program a statement of information-processing requirements All of the above None of the above

-Answer: Option B 24. Top Management is more interested in

A. B. C. D. E.

day-to-day operations strategic decisions tactical decision both b and c None of the above

-Answer: Option D 25. Which of the following is a function of the process step of data processing?

A. B. C. D. E.

protect index retrieval update None of the above

-Answer: Option C 26. In a Decision tree

A. B. C. D. E.

the root is drawn on the left and is the starting point on the decision sequence the branch, to be followed, depends on the conditions and decisions, to be made the nodes represent the conditions, with the right wise of tree listing the actions to be taken All of the above None of the above

-Answer: Option D 27. A file containing multiple indices to the data is called a/an

A.

indexed file

inadequate user involvement failure of systems integration size of company continuation of a project that should have been cancelled None of the above -Answer: Option C 30. then processing the output items. D. then processing the output items. B. then processing the input items. E. C. C. Which of the following is not a factor in the failure of a systems development project ? A. and then processing the output items Entering the input items. then displaying the input items.26 B. and then displaying the output items B. D. E. C. and then processing the output items Entering the output items. performed on a system. E. E. then displaying the output items. sequential file indexed-sequential file inverted file None of the above -Answer: Option D 28. Flowcharts Flow diagrams IPO charts Pseudocharts Pseudocode -Answer: Option E 29. -Answer: Option C 31. Most algorithms follow the format of A. of any input record or process. back to its original source. The short statements that represent the steps the computer needs to follow to solve a problem are called A. D. B. Tracing. C. D. is an . and then displaying the output items Entering the output items. and then displaying the output items Entering the input items. Entering the input items.

to prepare flowcharts after programming has been completed to identify a top level function and then create a hierarchy of lower level modules and components to identify the top level functions by combining many smaller components into a single entity. The approach used in top-down analysis and and design is A. C. Which of the following is used when a company goes outside its organization to develop a new system? A. E. -Answer: Option B 35. B. B. B. the data flow diagram A. D. implies structure and order . In the system concepts. request for proposal data flow diagram systems flowchart project directory None of the above -Answer: Option A 33. D. D. term organization A. is ignored is partitioned according to the "closeness" of the datagrams and data storage items is partitioned according to the logical "closeness" of the actigrams both (a) and (c) None of the above -Answer: Option C 34. All of the above None of the above C. E. B.27 A. E. E. audit trial report generation batch processing conversion None of the above -Answer: Option A 32. In functional decomposition. C. D. C.

operations management. C. The background and experience of analyst include. D. The two classification of inputs are: A. A. C. E. refers to the holism of systems None of the above Answer: Option A 36.28 B. B. competence in system tools and methodologies and a practical knowledge of one or more programming and data base languages. Structured design methodology is an approach to design that adheres to rales based on principles such as . - energies and maintenance products and waste maintenance and waste maintenance and signal None of the above Answer: Option D 37. - refers to the mannar in which each component functions with other components of the system. D. model building. E. C. _____ use standardized symbols to represent an algorithm. means that parts of the computer system depend on one the another. - Flowcharts Flow diagrams IPO charts Pseudocharts Pseudocode Answer: Option A 38. personnel administration. - Answer: Option D 39. B. E. D. E. marketing and sales. D. A. and production control. C. a background in systems theory and organization behavior familiarity with the makeup and inner workings of major application areas such as financial accounting. All of the above None of the above B.

C. E. Reverse video is a technique of A. Unit testing is A. C. E. B. C. B. B. - running the system with line data by the actual user making sure that the new programs do in fact process certain transactions according to Specifications is checking the logic of one or more programs in the candidate system testing changes made in an existing or a new program None of the above Answer: Option D 42. D. - showing data with half brightness showing data upside down on the screen hiding confidential data on the screen emphasizing data by reversing the foreground and background None of the above Answer: Option D 41. - top-down refinement bottom-up design data flow analysis All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 40. - Data transmission Arithmetic operations Logical operations All of the above None of the above Answer: Option A 43. C. D. D. E. of a record from the record key . Which of the following is used to derive the address. A checksum digit is used for detecting Errors in A. D. E.29 A. B.

B.30 A. E. C. A Decision . Data structuring is refined through a process called A. - can only be accessed serially are meant for backup cannot be transformed to a disk file have to be arranged in a key sequence None of the above Answer: Option A 45. - comma hashing variable field None of the above Answer: Option B 44. E. E. B. a way of representing the information flow . Backup and recovery procedures are primarily implemented to A. D. C. D. - structuring process hierarchical structure normalization Relation structure None of the above Answer: Option C 46. B. E. D. C.Table is A. C. The records in a file on magnetic tape A. - handle the contingency when a file gets corrupted to provide data redundancy to show different versions of data and programs All of the above None of the above Answer: Option A 47. B. D.

- a way of representing multiple conditions a ways to get an accurate picture of the system All of the above None of the above Answer: Option B 48. D. D. C. B. array Link list . Mistakes made in the requirements analysis stage show up in A. E. B. C. D. programmers are no longer needed structured programming is not needed All of the above None of the above Answer: Option E 50. single unit propose alternatives to the current system None of the above Answer: Option A 49. - identifying sub systems and the interfaces between sub systems adopting a developed system to the present environment developing the system as a large. "User friendly" computers have ensured that A. C. B. C. - System design System development System testing System implementation None of the above . D.31 B. E. E. B. E. A system analyst designs a new system by A. Answer: Option D An example of a hierarchical data structure is A. - management requires no system analysis and design.

E.level code a random number a flow chart Structured English to communicate the logic of a program None of the above 5. B. D. E. B. B. Answer: Option C On-line data entry is most suitable in the case of A. - tree ring None of the above 2. Answer: Option D Which of the following file types has the least life A. C. Answer: Option C Pointers are useful in A. C. D. - Locating a particular sector of a magnetic disk Pointing mistakes in input data Traversing a linked list All of the above None of the above 3.32 C. - a machine . C. C. Master file Program file Transaction file . E. E. B. D. - updating payroll master entering monthly journal entries Processing payment of cheque in a bank All of the above None of the above 4. D. Answer: Option C A Pseudocode is A.

Answer: Option D A feasibility study A. Answer: Option C A statement . - includes a statement of the problems considers a single solutions both (a) and (b) a list of alternative solution considered None of the above 7. A. E. B. of introducing a computer-based system estimates the hardware and software costs All of the above . C. D. D. C. B. D. E. with the benefits. - written narrative procedure's log systems flowchart record layout None of the above 9. C. E.33 D. B. C. D. - a formatter a compiler an editor a debugger None of the above 8.by . E. - Work file None of the above 6.statement description of a procedure is detailed in a. B. Answer: Option A Cost-Benefit analysis A. evaluates the tangible and non-tangible factors compares the cost. Answer: Option A A word processor designed for programmers is called A.

D. C. - None of the above Answer: Option D 10. Which of the following is (are) the characteristic(s) of a system? A. B. C. is called a A. C. - auditing around the computer auditing through the computer process control beta-test None of the above Answer: Option A 11. B. with the corresponding input documents. D. E. is called A. D. A hierarchical chart that divides a large program into modules. C. Which of the following is not a requirement of structured design? A. E. organization Interaction Interdependence All of the above . B. The term used to refer to the checking of outputs of a computer. D.34 E. - Scheme sub-schema Structure All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 13. B. E. in which greater details is designed in successively lower programming levels. - It should be made up of a hierarchy of modules It should use many GOTO statements The code should be executed in a top-to-bottom fashion within each module Each module should be as independent as possible of all other modules. except its parent None of the above Answer: Option B 12.

C. - ease of programming response time graphical user Interface printing of tickets None of the above Answer: Option B 17. D. operational level managers tactical level managers the president All of the above None of the above . the concurrent operation of an existing system and a new system All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 15. C. C. B. D. B. The term Parallel Run refers to A. Which of the following is the most critical requirement of a Passenger Reservation System? A. D. - block diagram logic diagram system flowchart program flowchart None of the above Answer: Option C 16. C. - None of the above Answer: Option D 14. B. E. Announcement of MIS implementation is made by A. The "big picture" diagram of a system is the A. - the same job run on two different computer to test their speeds the processing of two different jobs initiated from two terminals. E.35 E. D. E. B. E.

E. C. A problem's _____ will answer the question. C. E. In Decision trees A. the branch depends on the condition and decisions to made All of the above . payment recording is done in a batch rode inquires concerning payable are to be answered on-line last record points to the first record None of the above Answer: Option C 21. E. A graphic representation of an information system is called A. - Input Output Processing Purpose None of the above Answer: Option B 19. - invoice data entry is on-line. D. D. B. B. with the right side of tree listing the actions to be taken the root is drawn on the left and is the starting point on the decision sequence. B. C. C. The outstanding Invoice file should be stared on a Pardon Access Storage Device if A. "What does the user want to see either printed or displayed on the screen?" A. D. - flow chart pictogram data flow diagram histogram None of the above Answer: Option C 20. B. D.36 - Answer: Option D 18. nodes represent the conditions.

E. - It should use many GO TO statements The code should be executed in a top-to-bottom fashion within each module It should be made up of a hierarchy of modules Each module should be as independent as possible of all other modules. In data-flow diagrams. - the flow of data the processes the areas where they are stored. C. The Data flow diagram (DFD) shows. the primary output of the systems design phase All of the above None of the above Answer: Option B . C. A data flow diagram is A. an originator or receiver of the data is usually designated by A. A. B.37 E. - None of the above Answer: Option D 22. B. Which of the following is not a requirement of structured design? A. E. B. D. C. B. D. C. D. - a circle an arrow a square box a rectangle Answer: Option C 25. D. E. All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 24. - the modern version of flowchart mainly used at the systems specification stage. except its parent None of the above Answer: Option A 23.

C. C. b. B. B.26. transcription errors only . E. D. - data structures data flows data stores All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 29. - One column for each input item One column for each output item One column for each processing item Both a and b a. Data dictionary contains detail of A. E. A self check digit is useful in detecting A. - 38 to a sub-system the boundary a part outside the boundaries All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 27. D. When desk-checking an algorithm. B. - as parallel run involves two different terminals accessing a common database computers are essential for systems Analysis Flow of information in an organization is always vertical alpha testing is the verification process a system goes through for the first time None of the above Answer: Option D 30. Environment in systems parlance refers A. Which of the following statements is true A. C. D. C. and c Answer: Option E 28. A. E. D. E. you should set up a table that contains _____. B.

D. B. a machine code . C. D. C. of relating different logical files Security controls can be more easily implemented. B. C. E. B. E. E. A pseudocode is A. - Flexibility. A turnkey package includes A. Data independence since it allows the database to grow by adding new attributes and relations. - defines a source or destination of system data identifies data flow represents a process that transforms incoming data flow(s) into outgoing data flows is a data store-data at rest. Advantages of Relational Database Management systems are A. E. or a temporary repository of data None of the above Answer: Option A 34. All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 32. C. - software hardware training All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 33.39 B. D. A square symbols A. D. - transposition errors only Random errors only All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 31.

- a computer generated random number a protocol used in data communication an easy way to communicate the logic of a program. - datagram actigram feed back flow chart None of the above Answer: Option C 37. D. - questionnaires interviews on-site observations All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 36. C. D. C. C. and procedures in a data flow diagram? A. E. data can be collected through A. Conversion method in which users. - Multiprocessing Multitasking Parallel run All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 38. in English like statements None of the above Answer: Option D 35. During system study. methods. executive vice-president . D. B. along with the new system. E. E. B. D. continue to use the old system. The person communicating with the manager to identify information needs is the A. Which of the following represents processor activities. is A. B. E. C.40 B. being used to an old system.

A structure chart is A. D. D. - a document of what has to be accomplished a hierarchical partitioning of the program a statement of information processing requirements All of the above None of the above Answer: Option B 42.41 B. B. D. The systems have been classified in different ways A. B. C. E. E. C. C. B. C. E. index update protect .president of information system programmer system analyst None of the above Answer: Option D 39. - should be comprehensive users do not participate at this preliminary stage every statement should be executed expected output from the module's execution should be determined manually None of the above Answer: Option B 41. C. B. - vice. D. Which of the following is a function of the process step of data processing? A. - physical or abstract open or closed man-made information system All of the above Answer: Option D 40. Which of the following' is NOT a characteristic of good test data? A.

C. - structured design phase conversion phase system building phase maintenance None of the above Answer: Option C 46. The Turnaround is A. is file conversion related? A. - the elapsed time between the receipt of the input and the availability of the output a group of related fields the key information of programming a program statement that violates one or more rules of the language in which it is written None of the above Answer: Option A 45. E. E. B. The communication problem involves the A. - analyst and the programmer manager and the analyst programmer and the computer operate and the computer None of the above Answer: Option B 44. B. B. D. C. B. Procedure development occurs within the A. C. E. E.42 D. D. D. To which phase of SDLC. C. - retrieval None of the above Answer: Option D 43. System Implementation System analysis System development System design . D.

Which of the following statements is not true A. C. C. All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 49. B. - reviewing policies and procedures conducting interviews using questionnaires to conduct surveys. System Specifications are used to A. C. C. B. Which of the following is done in order a data in phase 1 of the system development life cycle? A. D. A structured chart is a sequential representation of program design the Real-Time system is a particular case of a on-line-system Batch totals are not incorporated while designing real-time applications 4GLs are used for application proto typing . - None of the above Answer: Option A 47. D. B. E. B. - describe system flows get an accurate picture of the system avoids ambiguity Ail of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 50. - Input Output Processing Purpose None of the above Answer: Option C 48.43 E. You record the algorithm in the _____ column of the IPO chart. D. E. E. D. A.

D. in order to A. Answer: Option B Which of the following symbols is (are) not the Data Flow Diagram (DFD): A. - Control Selection Switching B. Answer: Option B In processing controls must be established in a system. A. C. C. E. D. - None of the above 1. B. E. prohibit tampering with information by unauthorized person . B. - mail survey in depth interview controlled experiment observation None of the above 5. E. A. D. C. Answer: Option A The recipe instruction "Beat until smooth' is an example of the _____ structure. - program flowcharts system configuration module descriptions All of the above None of the above 4. D. B. - a square an open rectangle a circle a triangle a bubble 3. Answer: Option D The analyst learns of the manager's information needs through use of A. Repetition Sequence 2. Answer: Option D The packaged design includes all of the following except. C.44 E. E.

- Plan the algorithm Analyze the problem Desk-check the algorithm Evaluate and modify (if necessary) the program Code the algorithm. Answer: Option C The first step in the problem-solving process is to _____. checking usability . A. B. D. Answer: Option D A data element in a record. E. C. is circulated among all the heads of departments of an organization. B. is output at one point which later comes back as an input All of the above None of the above 8. 9. from all other records. D. that uniquely distinguishes the record. - Verify that all data have been processed block or trap faulty data from entry into processing All of the above None of the above 6. Answer: Option B Checking the quality of software in both simulated and line environments. is known as A. is called A. C. C. E. E. C. D. - response time Key System review test data None of the above 7. - is circulated among all the staff of an organization. B. E. D. B.45 B. Answer: Option B A Turnaround document A.

D. and other expenses are included in the rental charge All of the above None of the above Answer: Option B 13. - validity validation None of the above Answer: Option D 10. The advantage of Purchase Option is (are) A. - manager / analyst programmer / operator analyst / programmer manager / operator None of the above Answer: Option C 11. Some firms have created a combination position called A. D. C. Management's decision to rent a computer system may be based upon A. B. maintenance. E. desire to avoid a large one-time payment tax advantages . - implementation planning select the computer announce the implementation project prepare physical facilities None of the above Answer: Option A 12. B. B. E. E. E. C. - No financing is requird.46 C. D. D. The first step of the implementation phase is A. The risk of system obsolescence is shifted to the lessor the flexibility of modifying the system at will Insurances. B. C.

Which of the following would not be a major deliverable of the structured systems analysis phase. D. System testing Sequential testing . B. B. All of the following tools are used for process descriptions except: A. - operational flexibility in changing hardware All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 14.47 C. E. D. System design aid should primarily A. will go through the process of A. E. - help analyse both data and activities help in documentation help in programming generate code None of the above Answer: Option A 17. - structured english decision tables pseudocode data dictionaries None of the above Answer: Option D 15. A. B. D. E. C. B. C. Any data that are entered into the computer. for the first time. E. - data dictionaries data flow diagrams entity relationship diagrams prototype model None of the above Answer: Option D 16. C. D.

C. D. E. are fixed and invariant. Indexed files are faster than sequential files in all situations None of the above Answer: Option D 21. C. The processes at the most detailed level of the data flow diagrams are called A. C. - Entity Relationship Diagrams are used to design files Systems Overview can be prescribed by Data Flow Diagrams Phases. - implementation system design system developments All of the above None of the above Answer: Option A 19. in a Systems life cycle. - String testing Validation None of the above Answer: Option D 18. B. B. - integrative approach interpretive approach interactive approach both b and c None of the above Answer: Option A 20. E. E. C. D. Mistakes made in the system analysis stage show up in : A. Which of the following statements is not true A. transform descriptions functional primitives data flows . D. D. E. The combination of the top-down and the bottom-up approach may be referred to as an A. B.48 C. B.

means storing records in contiguous blocks according to a key. D. C. C. - a protocol used in data communication an easy way to communicate the logic of a program. in English¬like statements a computer generated random number a machine code None of the above Answer: Option B 23. E. D. D. E. - improved processing speed increased volume of activities faster retrieval of information All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 25. Stores records sequentially but uses an index to locate records uses an index for each key type has records placed randomly throughout the file . E. Which of the following is not true of the conversion phase of the development life cycle? A. E. Inverted list organization A. Which of the following way(s) the information system and capability are related to each other: A.49 D. C. B. - interfaces None of the above Answer: Option B 22. B. B. - the user and systems personnel must work closely together steps must be taken to phase out the old system documentation should be emphasized the non machine components of the system should be considered None of the above Answer: Option C 24. D. C. B. A pseudocode is A.

C. E. - None of the above Answer: Option C 26. - Input Output Processing Purpose None of the above Answer: Option B 27. D. - Displaying the input items Displaying the output items Entering the input items into the computer Entering the output items into the computer Processing the input items by doing some calculations on them Answer: Option C 29. C. C. the trend. Most algorithms begin by _____. E. A. was A. D. A. batch processing parallel processing random processing multi-task processing None of the above . B. An indexed file offers the facility of a Random file and the access method of a A.50 E. E. C. D. E. The current trend. - Sequential file indexed file direct access file random access file None of the above Answer: Option A 28. of computer usage is mainly interactive. D. earlier. B. Programmers refer to the goal of solving a problem as the _____. B. B.

C. HIPO A. B. - a manager's formal request a scheduled system's review an analyst's investigation All of the above Answer: Option D 31. D. E. a feature of data processing systems that allows for the study of data as processed from step to step. planning organizing directing controlling None of the above . D. D. and auditor can then trace all transactions that affect an account. a data item that characterizes an object two or more data items handled as a unit All of the above None of the above B. E. B. B. - Answer: Option A 33. The imitation of a systems investigation may result from: A. C. All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 32. D.51 - Answer: Option A 30. C. During the implementation phase. An Audit trial is A. E. - is a forms-driven technique in which standard forms are used to document the information consists of a hierarchy chart and an associated set of input/process/ output charts captures the essence of top down decomposition. the executive vice-president is primarily concerned with A. C.

D. E. C. C. D. E. D. E. - available software vender maintenance CPU size and speed All of the above None of the above . does not belong to the Implementation phase of the SDLC? A. C. A consideration evaluated by management when planning to convert to a computer system is A. Which of the following tools is not used for process descriptions? A. B. C. Which is the best process to access number of records from the same file? A. - - 52 File conversion Program testing User training All of the above None of the above Answer: Option B 35. - a batch job a real-time job an on-line job All of the above None of the above Answer: Option A 37. B.Answer: Option D 34. - pseudocodes decision tables structured english data dictionaries None of the above Answer: Option D 36. B. B. D. E. Which of the following activities.

B. the requirement analysis is performed? A. The requirements report includes . In Prototyping. B. C. - can be used only by computer professionals is required only for on-line systems increases the operator's work presents options and allows the user to make selections None of the above Answer: Option D 40. C. - screen generators input generators application generators All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 42. D. the following are used A. D. E. B. A menu-driven system A. E. E. - 53 asking questions obtaining information from the present system prototyping All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 39. C. C. D.Answer: Option D 38. E. The strategy for eliciting information regarding the user's requirements is (are) A. B. - system design phase system development phase system analysis phase system investigation phase None of the above Answer: Option C 41. During what phase. D.

54 A. E. Coding and testing are done in which manner. A programmer would most likely prepare a A. B. D. D. All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 43. The calculation instructions in an algorithm should state _____. C. C. E. - ad hoc cross-sectional bottom-up top-down None of the above Answer: Option D 45. A. E. D. - general system flowchart specific system flowchart general program flowchart specific program flowchart None of the above Answer: Option D 44. A. - a hierarchy chart showing the top-level modules a list of alternative solutions considered a data flow diagram describing the proposed new system. C. you should _____ to verify that it will work correctly. B. B. E. Analyze the algorithm . B. D. A. After planning an algorithm. C. - Only what is to be calculated Only how to calculate something Both what is to be calculated and how to calculate it Both what is to be calculated and why is it calculated None of the above Answer: Option C 46.

analysts determine manager's information needs by A. C. E. C. B. The combination of the top-down and the bottom-up approach may be referred to as an: A. E. C. Which of the following decides which systems development projects to work on first ? A. D. D. D. - interactive approach interpretive approach integrative approach All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 50. The first step of the implementation phase is A. - conducting tours of a nearby computer center asking questions showing samples of computer reports teaching short courses in programming languages None of the above Answer: Option B 49. E. During the system study. B. B. E. B. C. None of the above Answer: Option B 47. - select the computer announce the implementation project implementation planning prepare physical facilities None of the above Answer: Option C 48. - Code the algorithm Desk-check the algorithm Evaluate and modify (if necessary) the program.55 B. data diagram project dictionary . D.

C. E. B. - systems flowcharts steering committee None of the above 1. B. C. B. B. C. - database design system design preliminary investigation and analysis graphical user interface None of the above 4. D. C. D. after its implementation. Answer: Option A The longest method of conversion is A. E.schneiderman charts A.56 C. E. E. Answer: Option C Nassi . are being replaced by flowcharts often describe over lapping control structures are made up of boxes within boxes . D. - analysis design development maintenance none of the above 3. Answer: Option A Changes made periodically to a system. D. - direct parallel phased pilot None of the above 2. Answer: Option D The first step in systems Development Life Cycle is A. is known as system A.

B. D. and consultants having a data flow diagram both (a) and (b) None of the above 8. B. - hierarchy structure top-down design Tuple Turnaround None of the above 7. leaving the transformation process a black box. - decision tables data dictionary data-flow diagrams All of the above None of the above 6. E. E. is known as A. C. - both (a) and (c) None of the above 5. Answer: Option D A design that consists of a hierarchy of modules. C. D.57 D. B. - having a program simulate the real system having the system analyst present an overview of the design to users. D. is invoked by describing a system in terms of inputs and outputs. programmers. E. B. each module has a single entry and a single exit subroutine. C. Answer: Option A The black-box concept: A. Answer: Option C Which of the following tools is not used in modeling the new system? A. E. Answer: Option B Rapid prototyping proves the quality of a design by A. C. assumes that the black box is independent assumes that inputs and outputs will remain stable .

D.58 D. B. E. E. C. Indexed sequential direct access . B. B. - All of the above None of the above 9. D. - Structured analysis Structured chart Structured English System Flow chart None of the above Answer: Option B 11. - records file DBMS schema None of the above Answer: Option C 12. Graphic representation of the control logic of processing functions or modules representing a system. Where one has to process all the data records in a file. - an analysis investigation a scheduled systems reviewed a manager's formal request All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 10. C. is known as: A. Answer: Option E A system investigation may result from A. B. Which of the following is an integrated collection of data with minimum redundancy. A. E. D. C. the best tile organization is A. E. C. so that different applications can use the required data.

E. D. B. E. is A. D.59 D. Branch mark programs are best characterized as A. multi processing multitasking parallel run . B. D. B. E. The feasibilities studied in preliminary investigation is (are): A. - defines a source or destination of system data identifies data flow represents a process that transforms incoming data flow(s) into outgoing data flows is a data store-data at rest. - technical feasibility economic feasibility operational feasibility All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 15. alongside the new system. C. or a temporary repository of data None of the above Answer: Option D 14. B. - Simulator programs Hallmarking Actual system programs Vendor software for applications None of the above Answer: Option B 16. - random access None of the above Answer: Option B 13. C. C. being used to an old system. E. An open rectangle A. Conversion method in which users. C. continue to use the old system.

B. Sequential organization A. System Development Life Cycle CASE tool Phased Conversion Success factors . A. B. C. Which of the following systems implementation approaches should be used if you want to run the old system and the new system at the same time for a specified period? A. E. - All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 17. A. C. and maintaining data dictionaries. B. A programmer reviews the accuracy of an algorithm by _____ it. D. - means storing records in contiguous blocks according to a key. - Analyzing Coding Desk-checking Planning None of the above Answer: Option C 18. Stores records sequentially but uses an index to locate records uses an index for each key type has records placed randomly throughout the file None of the above Answer: Option A 19. E.60 D. C. writing process specifications. D. A _____ is software that is designed for drawing diagrams of information systems. - direct pilot phased parallel None of the above Answer: Option D 20. E. C. D. D. E. B.

B.61 E. - pilot conversion crash conversion phased conversion parallel run None of the above Answer: Option B 23. C. The data base be prepared until A. D. E. B. - Move of the above. C. the computer has been selected the MIS staff has been acquired and organized the preparation of physical facilities All of the above . C. department representatives serve as A. Answer: Option B 21. On the feasibility committee. E. D. E. C. D. - at example of a hierarchical data structure is tree pointers are useful in traversing a linked list a checksum digit is used for detecting Errors in data transmission All of the above None of the above Answer: Option B 24. B. B. - ready source of information liason to their departments direct users of the new system both (a) and (c) None of the above Answer: Option A 22. Which of the following statements is not true A. D. The systems conversion technique of totally removing the existing system and immediately implementing the new system is called a A.

62 E. B. The system study project includes A. E. C. D. C. B. Which of the following is not a part of a Data Flow Diagram? A. C. B. D. C. E. - None of the above Answer: Option A 25. D. The first step to the system study project is to A. - disk storage arrow Data store process represented by a bubble circle (circle) None of the above Answer: Option A 27. - system analysis system design implementation both (a) and (b) None of the above Answer: Option D 26. The data stored on a tape or disk file may be recorded in a report form described as A. - define system performance criteria describe information needs staff for the study project announce the study project None of the above Answer: Option D 28. B. E. D. a soft copy ledger printer spacing from proof listing All of the above .

B. C. Which of the following control structures is used in every program? A. - None of the above Answer: Option C 29. C. E.63 E. record points to the first record first record points only to the last record many records point to one record All of the above None of the above Answer: Option A 30. keys for maximum user assistance the system is developed using structured programming through COBOL or PASCAL None of the above Answer: Option B 32. E. Difference between Decision . A system design is said to be functionally modular if A. D. E. - Repetition Selection Sequence Switching None of the above Answer: Option C 31.Tables and Decision Trees is (are): A. main characteristic of "ring" is : A. D. B. C. - last. In Data structure. value to end user form of representation one shows the logic while other shows the process All of the above None of the above . B. D. E. - the system is able to handle all the function of the application each module performs a specific function and can be developed relatively independently by programmers the system makes extensive use of function. B. C. D.

64 - Answer: Option B 33. a parent with no owners two dimensional table None of the above Answer: Option B 36. interface actigram walk through data path None of the above . E. A channel for communicating across a boundary between two or more sub¬systems is known as A. D. B. B. - the relationship service bureau a map of overall structure of a database. E. E. Decision tree uses A. C. C. C. E. The term scheme means A. - pictorial depiction of alternate conditions nodes and branches consequences of various depicted alternates All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 35. Structured design produces computer programs that are A. D. C. B. D. - easily maintained easily understood both (a) and (b) None of the above Answer: Option D 34. B. D.

- easily maintained easily understood tested in a bottom-up fashion a and b only None of the above Answer: Option D 40. C. E. The systems conversion technique of totally removing the existing system and immediately implementing the new system is called as A. D. - Repetition Selection Sequence Sorting None of the above Answer: Option D 38. D. Structured design produces computer programs that are: A. E. - crash conversion phased conversion pilot conversion parallel run None of the above Answer: Option A 39. E. E. D. C. C. Coding and testing are done In a A.65 - Answer: Option B 37. D. B. B. B. B. top-down manner bottom-up manner ad hoc manner cross sectional manner None of the above . Which of the following is not a programming control structure? A. C.

Store. Process. C. A common reason for changing an information system is A. Source. D. B. B. E.- 66 Answer: Option A 41. - a parallel run involves two different terminals accessing a common database Computers are essential for Systems Analysis Flow of information in an organization is always vertical a system flowchart is not a part of a program documentation package None of the above Answer: Option D 43. Store Flow. - functional modularization decentralization of program activity localization of errors centralized processing None of the above Answer: Option A 45. B. Process Flow. What type of software is most useful in financial planning and calculation? . C. B. E. Process. Store None of the above Answer: Option C 44. E. The four icons used in building Data Flow Diagram are A. Structured programming involves A. Process. Source. Which of the following statements is true A. Destination. C. - new requirements new technology problems in the existing system All of the above None of the above Answer: Option D 42. E. Source/Destination. D. D. - Flow. D. C. Store Source.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of a system? A. B.67 A. E. C. - operates for some purpose has homogeneous components operates within a boundary has interacting components None of the above Answer: Option B 48. D. D. C. C. between the keying of the last character on the keyboard input and the appearance of the first output character on the screen. graphics communication database spreadsheet None of the above Answer: Option D . 46. D. is known as A. D. C. B. - a design report a requirement report a feasibility report All of the above None of the above Answer: Option C 49. B. - Key System review response time batch Processing None of the above Answer: Option C 47. E. E. E. The model base cannot be prepared until . The main purpose of the system investigation phase is to produce A. B. The time lag.

- partitioning of systems into manageable levels of detail specification of the interfaces between modules the use of graphical tools. B. C. E. Answer: Option D An audit trial is . D.68 A. - is a data item that moves from one module to another is represented by a line joining two modules means that the upper module has the capability of calling the lower module none of the above None of the above 3. 2. E. D. such as data-flow diagrams. B. to model system All of the above are characteristics None of the above 4. C. Answer: Option D Requirements also serve as an evaluation checklist at the end of the development project. A. Answer: Option D A couple: A. C. D. E. Answer: Option A Which of the following is not a characteristic of structured system development? A. C. B. so they are sometimes called _____. E. - the computer has been selected the MIS staff has been acquired and organized the preparation of physical facilities both (a) and (b) None of the above 1. - System Development Life Cycle CASE tool Phased Conversion Success factors Move of the above. D. B.

E. B.4 of the system development life cycle (SDLC) A. - batch processing sequential processing bench marking All of the above None of the above 7. C. D. B. E. C. B. is done by the process called A. D. Answer: Option A Which of the following does not occur in phase . C. C. Answer: Option A The procedure for evaluating the relative performance of different computers.69 A. back toits original sources post-auditing the system after its implementation test data used by the system auditor All of the above None of the above 5. E. - the suprasystem is stable black boxes are dependent or environments the relationship between the inputs and output is stable All of the above None of the above 8. D. B. - conduct interviews train users acquire hardware and software test the new system None of the above 6. D. - designed to permit tracing of any input record or process performed on a system. Answer: Option C The black box concept is based on the assumption(s) that. E. Answer: Option C Which of the following might be output as a result of using a CASE tool? . A.

B. None of the above Answer: Option A . to maintain files in up-to-data condition C. - programming code flowcharts and data flow diagrams prototypes and cost / benefit analysis All of the above None of the above 9. B. E. - Input Out put Processing Purpose None of the above Answer: Option A 10.70 A. - it focuses on the physical aspects of the system the system specification is very graphic the user area is studied thoroughly the documentation is Cumulative None of the above Answer: Option A 11. Answer: Option D Programmers refer to the items needed to reach a problem's goal as the _____ A. E. E. B. to select computer systems B. C. for system acceptance E. Benchmarking is used A. C. D. Which of the following is not an advantage of the structured approach to system development? A. for application proto-typing D. D. C. D.

your job description B. your relevant experience D. None of the above Answer: Option E 15. storage D. a hierarchical partitioning of the program D.71 12. Which of the following affects the extent to which you are involved with the system development life cycle in your company? A. Answer: Option B 13. All of the above E. inputs B. a document of what has to be accomplished B. a statement of information processing requirement C. Interactive decision support system C. None of the above Answer: Option A outputs processing . The reservation system of Indian railways is an example of A. management controls system D. expert system E. The structure chart is A.14. transaction processing system B. C. size of the organization C. None of the above Answer: Option C . All of the above E. The first items defined for a new system are its : A.

D. Programmers use _____ to organize and summarize the results of their problem analysis. E. B. - Flowcharts Input charts IPO charts Output charts Processing charts Answer: Option C . A. - non-standard symbols general symbols abbreviated symbols specific symbols None of the above Answer: Option B 18. E. D. C. C. E. Repetition Sequence Answer: Option C 17.72 16. flowcharts are drawn using A. then take an umbrella to work" is an example of the _____ structure. B. D. C. A. The instruction "If it's raining outside. At the time of system study. - Control Selection Switching B.