BROADWAY RAPID TRANSIT

TRANSIT PROJECTS AND POLICY | ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT | NOVEMBER 27 2012

“Frequent, high-capacity rapid transit in the Broadway Corridor is the City’s top transit priority. Without significant new investment, achieving the goals of this plan is not possible.”
- Transportation 2040: City of Vancouver

Transportation 2040

Our 2040 Targets are heavily reliant on large shifts to transit.

BROADWAY IS OUR KEY TO THIS SHIFT

Contents

1. Regional Priority 2. Current Trends on Broadway 3. Rapid Transit Technologies 4. Broadway Subway 5. Time for a Decision

Decades of Policy Recommend Rapid Transit Along Broadway

The Broadway Corridor

UBC THE BROADWAY CORRIDOR

The Case for Rapid Transit: High Density

Source: Statistics Canada – 2006 Census

The Case for Rapid Transit: Our Second Downtown

REGIONAL TOWN CENTRE JOBS

CENTRAL BROADWAY IS THE

nd 2

LARGEST EMPLOYMENT CENTRE IN THE PROVINCE

Source: Statistics Canada – 2006 Census, UBC 2011

The Case for Rapid Transit: Our Second Downtown
UBC has almost as many jobs and  students as Central Broadway

REGIONAL TOWN CENTRE JOBS

CENTRAL BROADWAY IS THE

nd 2

LARGEST EMPLOYMENT CENTRE IN THE PROVINCE

Source: Statistics Canada – 2006 Census, UBC 2011

The Region’s Biggest Transit Destinations

st 1

DOWNTOWN ~ 260,000 TRANSIT TRIPS PER DAY

nd 2

rd 3

UBC ~ 80,000 TRANSIT TRIPS PER DAY

CENTRAL BROADWAY ~ 80,000 TRANSIT TRIPS PER DAY

Source: TransLink 2008 Trip Diary

The Case for Rapid Transit: Unlocking the Region’s Economic Potential

Completing the Region’s Rapid Transit Network

Contents

1. Regional Priority 2. Current Trends on Broadway 3. Rapid Transit Technologies 4. Broadway Subway 5. Time for a Decision

North America’s Busiest Bus Route

We know there is substantial demand for transit along Broadway. In fact, it is the busiest bus route in North America.

North America’s Busiest Bus Route
Broadway has a higher transit ridership than the Millennium Line and is in line with the Canada Line!
200,000

100,000

Daily Ridership

Millennium Line

BROADWAY CORRIDOR

Canada Line

Expo Line

Source: APC data Sept – Dec 2010 (bus), Canada Line Oct 2010 – Sept 2011, SkyTrain June 2011

Aligning the Mode Share
24 HOUR MODE SHARE Downtown Central Broadway

Source: 2008 Trip Diary Survey

Current Demand Not Accommodated

• Approximately 2,000 passengers are passed by at Commercial - Broadway Station every morning peak period

• While some accept this as a price of their commute, others seek alternative modes

Source: 2009 TransLink

Current Demand Not Accommodated

200,000

Based on Canada Line experience, staff estimate that ridership could be doubled with rapid transit.
100,000

Daily Ridership

Millennium Line

BROADWAY CORRIDOR

Canada Line

Expo Line

Source: APC data Sept – Dec 2010 (bus), Canada Line Oct 2010 – Sept 2011, SkyTrain June 2011

Unprecedented Transit Growth

Additional Demand on the Horizon: Corridor Growth Beyond the Baseline

Planning Along the Broadway Corridor: Growth Already Exceeding Projections

OFFICE REZONING

OFFICE REZONING

SOUTH EAST FALSE CREEK

MIXED USE REZONING

A Growing Need for a Corridor Vision: Additional Transit Demand

OFFICE REZONING

OFFICE REZONING

SOUTH EAST FALSE CREEK

MIXED USE REZONING

Contents

1. Regional Priority 2. Current Trends on Broadway 3. Rapid Transit Technologies 4. Broadway Subway 5. Time for a Decision

Rapid Transit Technologies: Comparing Capacity and Speed

SkyTrain

Light Rail Transit

Streetcar

LRT and Streetcar Defined

LRT
Space Between Stops Average Speed (includes stops) Vehicle Length Maximum People Per Train Right of Way ~1 km 30 km/h 80 m 480 Fully separated by curbs with crossings at grade

Streetcar
~300 m 15 km/h 30 m 200 Mixed with traffic

What Do We Mean by LRT?

LRT

Streetcar

Derrick Coetzee: Portland

NeiTech: Portland

What Do We Mean by LRT?

LRT

Streetcar

Thomas Le Ngo: Portland

Jeffwilcox: Seattle

Contents

1. Regional Priority 2. Current Trends on Broadway 3. Rapid Transit Technologies 4. Broadway Subway 5. Time for a Decision

Existing Council Policy

Current Council policy supports a bored tunnel Broadway Subway to Central Broadway, with rapid bus to UBC.

Broadway Subway: The Best Approach

BROADWAY SUBWAY

LRT on Broadway
Sean Marshall

Driver-operated LRT running in its own right of way in the centre of the street

LRT on Broadway

(19 m) (80 m)

80 m Trains Passing Every 2 Minutes

Delivering the Capacity: Achieving Fast & Reliable Surface LRT
•To meet our transit demand, LRT on Broadway requires:

Delivering the Capacity: the Impacts of Fast & Reliable Surface LRT
Impacts: • Sidewalks – narrowed sidewalks • Local streets – traffic increase • Neighbourhoods – reduced connectivity & livability • Turn restrictions– 90%+ of intersections • Parking –90% spaces removed • Businesses – access & deliveries

There are no other urban LRT systems operating at the speed and capacity required for the Broadway Corridor.

A ‘Great Street’

“Going underground is the only way to deliver Broadway as a Great Street.”
- Allan Jacobs

www.jeremylim.ca

Given the impacts of surface rapid transit west of Arbutus, a Broadway Subway should be extended all the way to UBC.

Contents

1. Regional Priority 2. Current Trends on Broadway 3. Rapid Transit Technologies 4. Broadway Subway 5. Time for a Decision

Broadway Subway: Time for a Decision

DECISION ON BROADWAY SUBWAY

EVERGREEN LINE OPENS

BROADWAY SUBWAY OPENS 200,000+ Transit Riders on Broadway

2012

2016

2021

Design & Construct Broadway Subway (5-7 years)

Time for a Decision: Completing the Network

BROADWAY SUBWAY

Thank you.

Photo: Paul Krueger

LRT Works in Portland
Portland Yellow Line Downtown Average speed (incl. stops) Frequency (service every…) Capacity (people / hour / direction) Portland Yellow Line Interstate Blvd

Yellow Line Downtown
Broadway LRT

11 km/h

26 km/h

30 km/h
Zolk

15 min.

15 min.

4 min.

Yellow Line Interstate Blvd

1,360

1,360

7,200

Thomas Le Ngo

Surface LRT Tradeoffs

Source: Sean Marshall

Rapid Transit Increases Transit Use
Rapid Transit Impact: Main to Granville Transit Corridor
180,000 160,000 140,000
Buses Canada Line

120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Before Rapid Transit After Rapid Transit

Corridor transit trips have increased by 68%

Source:  APC data – Sept 2008, Canada Line data – 2010‐11, Bus data xxxxxx

Daily Riders

Fitting LRT Platforms on Broadway
•To accommodate trucks and buses:
•Station platforms set back from intersections •Crosswalks set back

LRT Requires Turn Restrictions

•62/67 intersections along Broadway LRT line will have turn restrictions •Turn Restrictions Result in:
•Diverted Traffic •Impacts on Neighbourhoods and Cycling Routes •Business Concerns

Cost per Passenger (US$)

$0

$1

$2

$3

$4

$5

$6

$7

Source:  FTA 2006 Data – Light Rail

Ba

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Operating and Maintenance Costs
SkyTrain has the lowest cost per rider Low operating costs = more frequent offpeak service