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OSE800A Engineering System Identication Fall 2012 Lecture 1: Elements of System Identication: Measurement Systems, Experiment Design

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

What is system identication?

For a given model characterized as x(t) = Ax(t) + Bu(t) y(t) = Cx(t) + Du(t), (1)

utilizing the measured records of the input u(t) and the output y(t), the task of system identication is to determine the system model parameters, (A, B, C, D).

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

What is then dynamic response analysis?

For a given model characterized as x(t) = Ax(t) + Bu(t) y(t) = Cx(t) + Du(t), assuming that the system model parameters, (A, B, C, D) and the excitation u(t) are known, the task of dynamic response analysis is to obtain x(t). (2)

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

System identication process


Develop an analytical model Establish the anticipated levels of responses Identify instrumentation needs, viz., actuators and sensors, their placement, etc. Carry out experiments (often many repeats for noisy systems) Employ system identication techniques to extract system parameters Construct experimentally determined model Update the analytical model, and if necessary repeat the process.

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

Major thrusts of this course


Modal parameter identication or modal testing is a well-established discipline; System analysis and system identication for control problems are also a well-established discipline; However, model construction for each intended application is still wanting. For example, models for active control is normally dierent from models for passive vibration attenuation design purposes.

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

Major thrusts of this course - contd


Hence, experimental model determination for active control provides a basis for a wider class of application models. In addition, system theory-based realization methods oer the engineers to directly access modern noise ltering techniques, and new data processing tools such as wavelets and other ltering tools.

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

Emphasis of this course: Basic Theory


Learn system theory-based realization fundamentals that yield minimum and unique order of identied models for noise-free data; Learn to utilize both FFT and Wavelet bases for data processing; Employ singular value decomposition as an indirect way of ltering noises and data-smoothing; Learn how to apply Kalman lter and other lter theories Utilize the theory of observers for the improved identication of clustered frequencies and mode shapes.
Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering) 6

Emphasis of this course: Applications


Model development for control and design optimization Structural damage detection Non-structural inverse identication Application of various ltering theories and other de-noising techniques

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

System identication elements

Disturbances

Structures

Sensors

Signal Conditioning

Filtered

Data

FFTs Wavelets

Impulse

Response

Realization x = Ax + Bu y = Cx + Du

Realization Parameter

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Model-based Diagnostics/ Health monitoring Active tayloring, ...

Monitoring

Instrumentation

FEM/ Active Control Models

Model

Update

Structural Models, M (mass) D (damping) K (stiffness) Nonlinearities

Repair Design modification Accident investigation

Control, vibration isolation design, damage detection, ...

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

Engineering analysis and system identication

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

Analytical solution of impulse response functions

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Analytical solution of impulse response functions

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Analytical solution of impulse response functions

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Matlab routines called

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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3 Degrees of freedom example

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Analytical frequency response functions (FRFs)

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Time histories of impulse response functions(IRFs)

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Random excitations for 3 DOF example problem

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Computed impulse response functions excited by random input

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Recap of system realization problem

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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Recap of transient response analysis

Instructors: K. C. Park and Ilkwon Oh (Division of Ocean Systems Engineering)

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