NETWORKS

We can consider a communication network from several perspectives, let 's see in the turn, when they are involved in a human component that communicates, a component technology (computers, telecommunications) and an administrative (institution or business institutions that maintain, use and develop services ...). Perhaps this definition of a more communicative approaches to better what may be the diversity of networks. A network, rather than the number of computers connected are more people applying, provide and exchange experiences and information through communication systems. Can form networks based on exchange of mail, fax, or via video, or more commonly through the main and largest network like the Internet or through a combination of all these. What is crucial is the exchange of information and nimble in the most favorable conditions for all partners. Considering the scope covering traditionally speaks of Local Area Network (known as LAN) that connect multiple computers within the same institution, Metropolitan Area Networks (MAN), wide area (WAN), we can talk about fiber optics , Or Integrated Services Network (ISDN), we can talk, in short, the Internet or other large networks. But, basically, what we really should be of concern as administrators is ensuring optimum performance and transparency in the complex infrastructure that underlies, so that the end user does not require any knowledge of the technology (equipment and software) used for communication (or should not, at least). In other words, users should not worry if the connection is kind of RTC, if using ISDN, or whether a file transfer have used a satellite, or because they depend on their connection speeds. Leaving aside local networks, networks of talk today seems synonymous with talk of the Internet, and that is that the vast majority of connections to remote computers we do it over a network that is integrated into the Internet to gain access to certain services, thereby we say that all networks are connected together. The Internet is a network of networks, a collection of networks that among other characteristics, they share a communications protocol, TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol), which takes an important peculiarity, as are the standards for communication compatible, for you can contact each other and exchange data. This exchange, and the magnitude of available information that circulates in this medium results in one of its main attractions. Although a growing phenomenon as the Internet is the ease and comfort available to users and to implement more flexible networks, is for us as stewards of the network to take advantage of all these Strategies and did not stop to learn about all the new trends surguiendo going to begin to develop competent solutions to environments that work with the growth of this huge fabric of new technologies, notably as they have traditionally reported so far and with the use of other systems simpler, but which have been refined and are highly effective. Among these services are available:

THE electronic mail (e-mail), through which a user exchanged messages with anyone else. It is the first, simplest and most widespread of services. Each user has an e-mail (Poe example: valencia@postfix.local). In that server (postfix.local) are stored the messages we are receiving. When you connect you can see a list of them, read them, save them, reply, etc. .. A case in point is the distribution lists The only thing needed to join a list is to have access to email, and to launch one, an appropriate software available on the network. (as echange, mercury and other in case of Windows or postfix, exim, sendmail, squirrelmail, gmail platform on Linux) Web applications where the picture was more open to enjoy the interactions of 'global grid' which combines the techniques of information retrieval with for the hypertext build an easy but powerful global information system. We can navigate through multimedia documents containing textual information, graphics, images, sounds, video, and connections that lead to pressing other document that may be on the same server or in another part of the world. Through various applications (average wiki, joomla, worpress, Mosaic, Linx, Netscape, etc. ..) the user interacts with the same feeling as if you are on your own computer screens, is introduced in a communicative space in which it moves Server server, display screen in selecting and clicking the mouse. There are other application services: Newsgroups. Here is the server that subscribes to a news group. We can see the topics for discussion and select those that interest us. Unlike mailing lists, here comes the information to our server, but we have to accede to the group that maintains on the subject that interests us. File Transfer Protocol. Different applications facilitate the transfer of a file (data, programs, textbooks, etc. ..) from one computer to another, even if the computers have different operating system or archiving. It requires knowing the name or address of the server. Many servers provide access to a portion of their directories to any user. They are the FTP-Anonymous (user: Anonymous, password: the address itself). There is also the possibility FTP mail for users who only have the ability to e-mail. Gopher. Gopher combines the features of the news and databases into a distribution system that allows a browse information organized in a hierarchical manner, or seek information on a specific indexes the full text. This is accomplished through an intuitive interface (windows with folders and icons) and friendly and which can be accessed from other network services (WWW, telnet ...). From the user's point of view, are presented on the screen different folders, documents, search tools, ... and you can run, read, edit ... Remote access to servers located anywhere in the world that allows you to run programs, and so on that computer as if it were a terminal of the same News services (news), where each user subscribes to the issues you care about most and daily access to a multitude of information on them Anyway, after all Mancione you have to think about the stability of the entire world so wonderful that gives us the network of networks, network and communications where he was born manager of the network and its monitoring

and management tools, which only claim to be the informant's performance and stability to that found the net for the administrator to take corrective measures to potential problems that may arise, such as zenoss software, OpenManage, jffnms, spiworks watchers are aspects such as quality service, connection speed, and information security because we remember that a truly functional network should be permanently under observation.