“A wealth of architectural “A wealth of architectural discoveries awaits us discoveries awaits us as new materials are as new materials are developed

and employed. developed and employed. Dynamic constructions, Dynamic constructions, intelligent façades, intelligent façades, and designed surfaces and designed surfaces are just few features are just aa few features of tomorrow’s buildings.” of tomorrow’s buildings.”
Kasper Guldager Jørgensen Kasper Guldager Jørgensen Architect Architect www.3xn.com Head GXN/3XN Head of of GXN/3XN
, Director GXN, Partner 3XN

Smart Materials 00 –19


Bendable wood
This material is a solid hardwood that can be bent in ways that seems impossible. In the process of the making blanks of hardwood are steamed to soften the cell walls, then, still damp, they are compressed along their length for about 20 % and finally dried in this compressed form. This allows the wood to be bent as much as to a radius of 10 times its thickness. Thin sections are bendable by hand, larger with the help of tools – far easier and faster than conventional wood-bending techniques.

Examples Of Use
Interior decoration, furniture, hand rails.

Similar Materials
01, 14, 44, 50, 51, 68, 84

Material Data
Bendywood blanks max size: 120 x 120 x 2,200 mm (beech), 120 x 120 x 1,650 mm (ash, cherry, maple, oak and walnut).

Bendywood, www.bendywood.info

Smart Materials 00 –19



Naturally curved plank flooring
Bolefloor is the world’s first commercially manufactured hardwood flooring with naturally curved lengths that follow. Through a complex process combining wood scanning systems, tailor made digital developments and innovative placement algorithms, Bolefloor produces unique wooden surfaces with a natural feel, while utilising a far greater percentage of the raw material than conventional wooden floor-boards.

Examples Of Use
Primarily floors, but also walls and ceilings.

Similar Materials
00, 07, 14, 44, 50, 51, 86

Material Data
Bolefloor floorboards run to 3,000 mm in length with widths of 150–300 mm; special orders up to 6,000 mm in length.

Bolefloor, www.bolefloor.com

5 kg/m².energain. Heat storage capacity: 515 KJ/m² at 18–24°C Manufacturer DuPont. absorbing heat. the wax remains solid. 40 Material Data Can Panel measurements: 5 x 1.uk . Similar Materials 05. releasing heat. The DuPont Energain panel is an aluminium sandwich composite whose core material is a mix of copolymer and paraffin wax. 15.Smart Materials 00 –19 02 DuPont Energain Heat responsive thermal mass panels Phase Change Materials (PCMs). salt hydrates etc.co. the paraffin wax re-solidifies. 4. are able to absorb. but at 22°C the wax melts.000 x 1.200 mm. such as water. Examples Of Use PCMs with heat dynamic thermal mass can help reduce heating consumption by up to 15% or air conditioning costs by up to 35%. At temperatures below 18°C. Upon cooling to 18°C. paraffin. www. store and release large amounts of thermal energy at comparatively small changes in temperature by changing their physical state.

64. 45. 56. 18.dk .buchtal.Smart Materials 00 –19 03 Hydrotect Self-cleaning and air-purifying tiles The material is made active by applying a layer of titanium dioxide (TiO2) during the glazing and before the firing of the tile. www. 70. Examples Of Use Pools. hospitals and kitchens where hygiene is particularly important. 90. An airpurifying effect called photocatalysis that is activated by sunlight (UV radiation) breaks down microorganisms and other organic compounds. The self-cleaning effect is due to hydrophilic behaviour causing water to spread out in a thin. facades and public buildings in general to minimise cleaning expenses. Manufacturer Deutche Steinzeug. This results in permanent self-cleaning and air-purifying properties. 55. Similar Materials 13. 89. 93 Material Data A 100 m² Hydrotect-tiled area cleans the air as efficiently as 7 medium-sized deciduous trees. even layer sticking close to the surface as it flows down and washing away dirt easily.

walls. 11. 17 Material Data Complies with DIN 67510 – at least 20 millicandela/m² after an hour. Examples Of Use Lighting and signage on periodically lighted floors. ceilings and facades. It accumulates light energy under ordinary (day-) light conditions and it slowly releases it over a few minutes or hours in the dark – a process both reliable and maintenance free. www.eu .Smart Materials 00 –19 04 Luminoso Photoluminescent signage The properties of this material are better known as glow-in-thedark. Manufacturer S. By integrating photoluminescent particles in floors.hiddensafety. Lövenstein BV. Similar Materials 10. lights. which acts as a fairly persistent phosphor. a discreet emergency signage can be made. The material consists of strontium aluminate (SrAl). or facade elements.

Examples Of Use Increased.Smart Materials 00 –19 05 Rubitherm Latent heat storage materials Rubitherm works with phase changing materials (PCMs) as passive heat storage in building systems and markets a range of these materials.com . Manufacturer Rubitherm. 15. www. By adding a cross-linking additive to paraffin wax and incorporating it in a secondary. effective and temperature specific thermal mass properties. the wax is contained even in its liquid form thanks to the combined strengths of the cross-linking additive and the capillary forces. allowing Rubitherm to remain solid on a macroscopic scale. supporting microporous solid. 40 Material Data Rubitherm PCM’s are available as raw materials with melting points from -4 to 100°C or integrated into a microporous solid with a heat storage capacity from 50 to 190 KJ/kg.rubitherm. Similar Materials 02.

materialecology.com . Examples Of Use Structural optimization for free-form structures.Smart Materials 00 –19 06 Monocoque Structural composite skin This material promotes differentiation of material properties. Similar Materials 09 Material Data Prototype / research project Manufacturer Neri Oxman. 3D printing is utilised to create the specified mechanical properties. the size and shape of which are determined through Voronoi calculations. the Monocoque project promotes heterogeneity. www. This is expressed in the construction technique that incorporates loadbearing elements and external skin. The load is distributed between veinlike elements built into the skin. Rather than separating structural frameworks and non-bearing skin elements.

16.vectogramm. Similar Materials 01. www. the image will be visible. An image template is scanned and converted into 256 grayscale. plastics) by means of milling technology.de . Manufacturer P&P GmbH. MDF.900 x 2. When viewed from a distance. but when seen up close it will appear simply as texture. then milled into the material as a 2D relief by a CNC milling machine. 14.Smart Materials 00 –19 07 Vectogramm Relief imaging on building materials The Vectogramm process features a new computer-based method for transferring image data onto sheet materials (concretes. Examples Of Use Any kind of flat wall or façade elements requiring graphical expression. 25 Material Data Maximum sheet dimensions are limited to 4.000 mm.

Manufacturer Light Tape. 17 Material Data Thickness: 1 mm. Energy consumption: 70 W/m². Light Tape is a lighting system that may be bent around any surface for hundreds of meters at a fraction of the power cost of traditional light bulbs. In Light Tape products. conductive material.2 kg/m². Electroluminescence relies on electrical excitation of light emitting phosphors. similar to how plasma televisions are backlit. weight: 1. at least one of which consists of a light-transmitting.lighttape. Examples Of Use Interior or exterior lighting effects – communication. design and interior design. the phosphor crystals are located between two electrically conductive strips.com . Similar Materials 11.Smart Materials 00 –19 08 Light Tape Electroluminescent strips Versatile and energy efficient. www.

and automated formwork and reinforcement systems to bring concrete technology up-to-date with the potentials of contemporary architecture. 24. TailorCrete applies new digital design tools. 55. ETH Zürich and other industrial partners.tailorcrete. 16. TailorCrete is the fullscale continuation of a research project successfully combining robotics-cut polystyrene formwork with self-compacting concrete.Smart Materials 00 –19 09 TailorCrete Digitally crafted concrete formwork Seeking to overcome the limitations of conventional concrete elements and the expensive formwork of unique structures.com . curved architectural designs and optimally shaped structural elements. 83. Manufacturer Danish Technological Institute. www. Similar Materials 06. Examples Of Use Complex. 98 Material Data TailorCrete originated as a collaboration between the Danish Technological Institute. 92. 61. 49. on-site and offsite robotics.

47. Examples Of Use Light and sound ambience for foyers. 58. www.com . Similar Materials 04. weight: 15-67 kg. Philips markets luminous textile panels as easy-fit system to enhance interiors with light. 29. 22. 76 Material Data Panel thickness: 130 mm. theaters etc. The panels are finished with Kvadrat textiles and use Kvadrat Soft Cells’ expertise in controlling sound absorption. auditoriums. 57.Smart Materials 00 –19 10 Philips Luminous Textile with Kvadrat Soft Cells Luminous textile panels come in standard and customized sizes that can be mounted on walls and ceilings in a variety of ways.com. 11. measurements: 1. 70. 62.softcells.200 x 6. 21. 27. Manufacturer Philips.lighting-philips.200 x 720 mm to 1.480 mm. 13. power usage: 60 W-450 W. Each panel is built up of LED modules consisting of multi-colour LEDs with a 60 mm pitch fixed on acoustic foam. www. 17. Soft Cells. texture and dynamic content.

The thin. thickness: 0. consumption: 0.500 x 1. 19 Material Data Voltage: 12 to 48 volts DC.055 Watts per LED. Manufacturer SunTec.ch . 17. Examples Of Use Window-integrated lighting and lighting where a minimum of space is available.250 mm. www. 08. size: 3.Smart Materials 00 –19 11 SunTec Transparent film with LEDs This material is a polyester-based.85 mm.sun-tec. transparent and electroconductive film that transmits electricity to light-emitting diodes or other electronic elements on the film through transparent circuits. Similar Materials 04. flexible sheet may be laminated between glass sheets or added to moulded polymers and then simply be connected to a power source. 12.

Each solar energy module consists of solar cells and glass laminated in a process similar to the production of laminated safety glass. Manufacturer Isolar Glas. 17.de .isolar. Suitable for larger glazed areas at any angle. www. delivered as single pane or as insulating glass. Examples Of Use Glazing requiring shading and self-sustaining houses. Similar Materials 11.Smart Materials 00 –19 12 Voltarlux Semi transparent solar cells With a thin layer of power generating solar film based on amorphous silicon. the power generating cells continue to produce even if it is overcast or partly cloudy. and can be either opaque or semi-transparent. 19 Material Data Conventional glass module sizes. Voltarlux glass lowers light influx while producing electric current.

Smart Materials 00 –19


Gyptone Activ’ Air
Air–cleaning acoustical ceilings
A gypsum ceiling tile system that combines clean design and improved indoor air quality with indoor acoustics. Produced from all-natural materials, the tiles are fully recyclable and contain no harmful substances. Gyptone acoustical ceilings can enhance the output of the ceiling by breaking down harmful formaldehydes in a room into harmless chemical compounds. Used ceilings are collected and reused in the process of making new gypsum products. Up to 80 % of Gyptone’s raw materials are recycled content.

Examples Of Use
Acoustical ceilings for public buildings.

Similar Materials
03, 10, 13, 27, 29, 40, 55, 56, 70

Material Data
Sustainably produced, fully recyclable, durable and non-toxic. The basic module size is 600 x 600 mm with a thickness of 12.5 mm.

Gyproc Saint-Gobain, www.gyproc.dk

Smart Materials 00 –19


Flexible wood
Inspired by the inherent pliability of thin strips of wood, Dukta turns thick planks into flexible, pliant sheets. A precise grid of incisions cut from alternate sides of the block allows Dukta wood to bend easily at every cut, thus providing great flexibility both lengthwise and crosswise. Although strength is reduced proportionally to the depth of the incisions, the result is a highly functional, flexible and pliant material, achieved by simple mechanical manipulation of natural wood.

Examples Of Use
Acoustic panels, interior design, furniture and other objects.

Similar Materials
01, 07, 44, 50, 51, 68, 84

Material Data
Different cutting options expand the scope of possible applications, and the simple method is suitable for a range of wood products, such as plywood, fibreboard and solid wood.

Dukta, www.dukta.com

Smart Materials 00 –19


Micronal Smart Board
Active temperature regulation
These plaster boards include 3 kg/m² of heat-storing material in the shape of microcapsules containing a phase changing material (PCM). When heated to a certain point, the PCM will melt, absorbing thermal energy without any increase in temperature, while the reverse process releases the stored energy as heat, maintaining a pleasant room temperature. The heat storage capacity of a 15 mm PCM Smart Board is equivalent to that of a 90 mm concrete wall or a 120 mm brick wall.

Examples Of Use
Reducing shifts in indoor temperature between day and night and reducing the need for air conditioning and heating.

Similar Materials
02, 05, 40, 63, 65

Material Data
Two types available with ‘switching points’ temperatures at 23°C and 26°C; thickness: 15 mm; length: 2,000 mm; width: 1,250 mm.

BASF, www.micronal.de

Smart Materials 00 –19 16 Graphic Concrete Patterned concrete surfaces Graphic Concrete is a product that allows graphic layouts on all kinds of concrete. 83. 25. The unset parts of the surface are usually washed away from the cast the next day.1 m wide and can be hundreds of meters long if necessary. The washed surface stands out from the surrounding unwashed concrete due to its roughness and the contrasting colour of the exposed aggregate. 09. A surface retarder is applied to a membrane that slows the setting (hardening) of the concrete to the desired depth in specific areas. but shallower or deeper patterns are also possible. Examples Of Use Interior and exterior concrete. www.fi . 92. 24.graphicconcrete. 98 Material Data The membrane used to achieve the graphic effect is 3. The depth of the pattern is 1 mm. revealing the aggregate contained in the concrete. 55. Manufacturer Graphic Concrete Ltd. Similar Materials 07.

200 mm x 2. 33.Smart Materials 00 –19 17 Powerglass Laminated glass with LEDs Powerglass integrates chip light-emitting diodes radiating light on both sides into laminated glass. www. The LEDs are supplied with power via invisible circuits on the lamination on the inside of the glass. Manufacturer Glas Platz. 11. Examples Of Use Interior and façade design. 34. 25.glas-platz. which allows the display of information or graphics. weatherproof and heat resistant up to 50°C. 08. The lights can be positioned almost arbitrarily within the glass. Diodes are connected by completely transparent circuit path structures and provide electrical power without visible wiring. 94 Material Data Dimensions 1. buildingintegrated communication. lighting for public spaces. Similar Materials 04. 18. 19.800 mm.de . 31. 12.

Firstly. it acts as hydrophilic adsorber. www.Smart Materials 00 –19 18 Pilkington Activ Self-cleaning glass Self-cleaning glass is effectively the same as conventional glass. Secondly. when exposed to sunlight. 70. 25. 94 Material Data 6 mm: Light transmission: 83 %. Examples Of Use Façades and skylights where cleaning would otherwise be difficult.com . Similar Materials 03. 55. 13. 33. when water falls on the surface. but it has a titanium dioxide-based coating on the outside with two remarkable properties. 34. 31. 19. energy transmission: 79 %. Manufacturer Pilkington. 17.pilkington. allowing the already loosened dirt to wash away easily. it acts as a photocatalyst breaking down any organic dirt. May be combined with several other glass types. 56.

iqglass. 33. although at a somewhat high cost in electricity. Similar Materials 11. Examples Of Use Integrated heating where space is scarce. 34. while ensuring that windows remains free of condensation. low solar heat gain. that keeps the cold out and the warmth in. 17. up to 247 W/m² power usage. Using IQ glass as the sole heat source. 94 Material Data Window pane U-value: 0. 25. creating an electrical resistance that produces heat evenly when connected to medium voltage. Manufacturer IQ Glass. invisible metal oxide coating. insulating krypton.com .Smart Materials 00 –19 19 IQ Glass Window integrated heating The inner pane of IQ Glass double glazing has a thin. while the cavity is filled with non-toxic. www. 31. 12. light transmission: 71 %. This system allows glazing-integrated heating.8 W/m2K. The outer pane has an infrared-reflective coating. at least 1/3 of the wall area must be IQ panes. 18.

doors. 44 Material Data Inclusion is available in thicknesses of 15–30 mm and sizes up to 1.com . Similar Materials 24. Resin specifically refers to the hydrocarbon secretions of many plants but today is applied to nearly any liquid compound that will set into a hard lacquer or enamel-like finish.600 mm. partitions or furniture. Examples Of Use Back-lit paneling. like the synthetic resins used in these panels made from thermosetting plastics that will cure irreversibly when subjected to cooling or to a chemical reaction. translucent or opaque resin and decoratively carved wood. walls.200 x 2. Manufacturer Lamellux. tabletops. 38. www.lamellux.Transparent Materials 20–39 20 Lamellux Translucent wooden paneling Wooden paneling made from sheets of coloured. 39.

Weight: 595 g/m². 22.pd-fibreglass.000 TRL. 62. This technique makes the product strong and flexible and also gives it a number of qualities in terms of good fire retardancy. a soil repellent top coating and a translucency of up to 40 %. 70. Similar Materials 10. Example: 3.Transparent Materials 20–39 21 Atex Silicon coated glass fibre fabric This material is a high-strength.45 mm. www. The glass fibre fabric is impregnated and coated with specially designed translucent silicone. Thickness: 0. Estimated 25-year lifespan. Width: 2–3 m. Manufacturer PD FibreGlass Group. flexible fabric used for making lightweight membrane structures.com . Examples Of Use Large-scale translucent surfaces with no insulation requirements. 28. 76 Material Data Atex is available in any colour and with a range of specifications customisable for specific.

Similar Materials 10. Examples Of Use Lightweight roofing structures providing translucency as well as insulation and noise reduction. U-value: 1. inflated with low-pressure air between individual layers of film to provide insulation and resist wind loads. The foil elements consist of several layers of ETFE film mounted on aluminium frames. virtually any size and shape possible.agc-group. 62. 21. Manufacturer AGC. www.Transparent Materials 20–39 22 ETFE film Ethylene Tetra-Fluoro-Ethylene This material is a transparent polymer film that can be stretched to up to three times its own length without losing its elasticity and can carry 400 times its own weight. ETFE film does not degrade from exposure to ultraviolet light and can be melted and reused.2 W/m2K and 10 dB noise reduction for 5 layers of ETFE film. 76 Material Data 90–95 % light transmittance for each layer of foil. 70.com .

jungbecker. 32. www. Examples Of Use Lighting. all offering precision-engineered lighting control. Similar Materials 27. reflected and directed to suit the lighting requirements of a given space while avoiding glare effects. 35. refractive index: 1. light transmission: 92 % (clear acrylic).de .200 x 600 mm. 36.Transparent Materials 20–39 23 Jungbecker Light-directing prisms Jungbecker Optics manufactures a wide range of standard sheets and injection moulded applications as well as custom-designed project-specific solutions. thickness: 3 mm. 38 Material Data Example: conical anti-glare prism. It may be split. cone diameter: 2 mm. measurements: up to 1. By embossing acrylics. it becomes possible to direct incident light. Manufacturer Jungbecker Optics.491. polycarbonate and other transparent materials with cone-shaped prisms optimised by numerical algorithms. skylights and partial façade glazing where a high degree of light control is required.

lucem.000 mm. 39.Transparent Materials 20–39 24 LUCEM Translucent concrete with optical fibres Concrete tiles. The combination of structural integrity and translucency allows playful integration of materiality. structure and light. special sizes up to 3.de . 20. allowing light to be transmitted through the material in the direction of the fibres. 92. 16. and may point to new ways of working with daylight in structures. 98 Material Data Panels measuring up to 1. Similar Materials 09. concrete strength class C40/50.400 kg/m3.000 mm and thicknesses up to 1. line or terrazzo texture. 83. panels or blocks incorporating ultra fine optical glass or polymer fibres in predefined patterns. 49. www. Examples Of Use Façades or interior structural elements where translucency or embedded lighting is required. Shadows appear clearly outlined on an opposing surface.250 x 650 x 30 mm. density: 2. Manufacturer Lucem.

Similar Materials 07. or particular dimensions on inquiry. 31.2 m max. 16. Ornilux glass panes have a patterned UV reflective coating that makes them visible to birds while maintaining transparency to the human eye.de . 19. As ordinary glass is transparent and reflective. Manufacturer Arnold Glas. Examples Of Use Façades – replacing black and red bird stickers or other traditional measures. 33. www. 18. Pattern developed in collaboration with the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology. 17.ornilux. 34.0 m x 3. millions of birds are killed from collisions with glass surfaces. 94 Material Data Standard float glass sizes: 2.Transparent Materials 20–39 25 Ornilux Bird protection glass Every year. it becomes invisible to birds.

Transparent Materials 20–39 26 Pro Tec 7 Fibreglass in window frames This window system is a brand-new take on traditional wood and aluminium windows. edge zone temperatures 14°C Manufacturer Pro Tec. 73.61 W/m²K.protecwindows. insulation and slim design are important. Pro Tec 7 provides slimmer profiles and optimal thermal insulation.com . 95. At the same time. www. Due to the low thermal transmission of the material. Harnessing the qualities of glass-reinforced polyester. which makes the system one of the most energy efficient on the market. 84. Similar Materials 28. the slim window system allows for larger glass areas and consequently provides increased levels of natural light. 99 Material Data U-value: 0. Examples Of Use Window systems for places where daylight. thermal loss is kept to a minimum.

heinz-fritz.5–2 mm. Similar Materials 10. as well as on the distance to the surface behind the panels. www.Transparent Materials 20–39 27 Transquieto Acrylic glass with acoustic comfort The combination of transparency and acoustic absorption is achieved by surface microperforation. the distance between individual holes and their diameters.de . Examples Of Use Meeting rooms with transparent room dividers. 38 Material Data Hole diameter: 0.000 holes per m². 23. 13. atriums and theatres. Transquieto provides a simple yet effective combination of transparency and acoustic comfort. 29. thickness 3–15 mm. raster with 5 x 5 mm grid equals 40. Manufacturer Heinz Fritz. Specific ranges of frequency absorption depend on the ç of the material.

fiberline. Fiberline produces fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP) from glass fibres and a polyester resin to create a translucent high-strength. The profiles and properties of the composite may be customised to meet specific demands for strength. 99 Material Data Fiberline produces a wide range of standard profiles. 76. resistance. and wind turbine components. translucency and insulation properties. and lightweight component. 95. Examples Of Use Window and façade profiles. www. large scale construction elements.Transparent Materials 20–39 28 Fiberline Fibre-reinforced polymer A composite is a material where two (or more) materials combined obtains constructive qualities that none of them had by themselves. 73. 26. All profiles are non-corrosive and have very low thermal conductivity compared to steel and aluminium. 84. Similar Materials 21. Manufacturer Fiberline. maximum width is 1.com .500 mm.

back-lit panels.com . skylights. translucent cover layer.500 x 1. and walls. weight: 3.250 x 19 mm. Manufacturer Fiberline. 53.6 kg/m³. Examples Of Use Partitions. 37. 27. 52. ceilings. Similar Materials 10. noise reduction 22 dB. 96 Material Data Measurements: 2. 13. 54. 71. The panels are stiff and lightweight and can create interesting lighting effects depending on the size. Makustik panels offer noise reduction through control of reverberation while also letting through 65% of the light.fiberline. light transmission: 65 %. variety and number of acoustic perforations required. www. interior cladding for windows.Transparent Materials 20–39 29 Makustik Translucent acoustic panel Constructed as sandwich elements with a perforated. 73.

Transparent Materials 20–39 30 Okagel Translucent insulation Okagel is an insulating glass system. Examples Of Use The Okagel system is wellsuited for rooms where light diffusion as well as thermal and sound insulation are required. The Okagel panels have a high light transmission. Manufacturer Okagel: Okalux. attenuate sound and disperse transmitted light evenly.okalux. silica-based aerogel. www. in which the inter-pane cavity is filled with a translucent.8 % air restrained in nano-size pores. Similar Materials 63.6 W/m2K (30 mm nanogel filling).de . 65. making it the lightest and best insulating solid in the world. 79 Material Data Okagel glass system: U-value: 0. Aerogel consists of 99.3 W/m2K (60 mm nanogel filling) or U-value: 0. It weighs 75 g per liter. They diffuse daylight deep into the room while providing very good sun and glare control. They block IR radiation. 70.

any thickness. Manufacturer Fusion Glass Designs. 94 Material Data A wide range of glass products available. sand blasting. laminating and screen printing to give the glass products different colours. Fusion Glass Designs produces a series of decorative glass products with inherent structural strength and architectural qualities.uk . Example: sandblasted surface decoration.Transparent Materials 20–39 31 Fusion Glass Structural decorative glass Specialised in processing ordinary float glass in different ways. and interiors. 34. Similar Materials 17. facades.000 mm. Examples Of Use Decorative and informative glazing. structural glazing.000 x 5.fusionglass. LED integration. Production methods include kiln forming. 18. up to 3. www. 19. Predesigned as well as customised products available.co. 33. 25. patterns and surface decorations.

35. length: 15.glassfilmenterprises. It works from both sides.250 mm Manufacturer Glassfilm Enterprises. The film can be used as both functional and decorative part of a façade with or without the view control function. The film can block the view of a parking lot while it highlights a city skyline or prevent the view from the streets into an office or meeting room. Similar Materials 23. and three variants of films are available with four different view angles.com . Examples Of Use Control of privacy and transparency and façade effects. width: 1.250 mm.Transparent Materials 20–39 32 Lumisty Visibility control film A view-control window film that controls what can be seen and not seen through glass or other transparent products. www. 36 Material Data Lumisty comes in rolls.

storefronts and interior design. it appears transparent. Manufacturer Schott. In front of a light background.Transparent Materials 20–39 33 Schott . 94 Material Data Several varieties available. partitions. while it acts as a mirror in front of a dark surface.schott. Similar Materials 17.Mirona Mirrored glass Controlled solely by the lighting level behind the glass. Mirona glass switches between offering unimpeded views in both directions and mirroring. Example: Mirona Standard. light transmission: 63 %. insulating or laminated safety glass) containing an optical interference layer that provides precisely defined states of reflection and transmission.com . 31. This effect is achieved by a coating on either side of the glass (standard float. 25. coated on both sides. 19. Examples Of Use Lamps. light reflection: 34 %. 18. www. 34.

glass blue/gold: blue light in transmission. 4-12 mm. Examples Of Use Artistic light and colour effect in or on buildings and light filtering. 94 Material Data Example: colour effect.770 x 1. thickness. Manufacturer Schott.schott. Similar Materials 17. 18. 19. blue-gold transition in reflection.770 mm. www. 33. 25. 31.com . so-called thin-film interference. glass pane and light source. Comparable to the way in which oil slicks on water reflect light. The result is a rainbow effect that changes with the angle between the viewer. the combination of highly refractive and low-refractive layers on the glass causes reinforcement of certain wavelengths and interference with others in the reflected light. dimensions: 3.Transparent Materials 20–39 34 Narima Dichroic glass The iridescent colour effect of this glass product is achieved by applying ultrathin layers of metal oxide coating.

Transparent Materials 20–39 35 MesoOptics Microcrystalline lighting control Using a production technique similar to that used in the production of credit card holograms. applied to a substrate such as acrylic. allowing the creation of pure white light free from striations and hot spots and redirection of the light into any desired angle. Examples Of Use Highly controlled and efficient interior lighting. Ledalite MesoOptics produces lighting control consisting of a layer of microstructures no greater than 5 microns in size. www. Manufacturer Philips Ledalite. polycarbonate or glass. Similar Materials 23. 32. 36 Material Data MesoOptics allows up to 95 % of the light that enters it to pass through.ledalite.com . These microstructures allow detailed control of how light passes through the medium.

35. 32. Manufacturer 3M. Examples Of Use Simple daylighting solution for renovations and part of extensive daylighting systems.Transparent Materials 20–39 36 Daylight Redirecting Film Dispersing daylight This window film is designed to bring natural light deeper into the interior of a building by changing the direction of light as it streams through windows. no cleaning required. 91 Material Data Reduces glare. blocks 99 % of UV light.com . light passing through the film is redirected towards the ceiling while a diffusing film spreads the light evenly across the target surface and thereby provides glare-free daylight even in deep rooms. Similar Materials 23. www. Through pyramid-shaped micro crystals. It effectively acts as a light shelf and thereby reduces the need for artificial light during the day.3m.

Examples Of Use Interior and exterior panels. light walls. various types available. Similar Materials 29.Transparent Materials 20–39 37 Starlight Translucent sandwich panels With its characteristic. Manufacturer Bencore. www. thickness: 19-40 mm. 54. the Starlight series of transparent and translucent sandwich boards is suitable for both interior and exterior decoration.000 mm. The acrylic and polycarbonate plates are put together using a special gluing method binding the transparent birdwing cell core to the transparent or translucent cover layer.015 x 1. facades.uk . partitions. floors and ceilings. The material is UltraViolet (UV) stable and may be used in exterior applications. elegant appearance and high strength-toweight ratio. This method gives the panel a homogenous appearance. 94 Material Data Measurements: 3. furniture. 71.bencore. 52.co. 53. 73.

219 x 3. standard and custom sizes up to 1.3-form.7 mm. tables or canopies.Transparent Materials 20–39 38 3Form Chroma Coloured translucent surfaces Produced from optical grade engineered resin. Its surface is durable and can easily be refinished throughout its lifetime. available in thicknesses of 12. awnings. 3Form Chroma is a highly functional solid surface available in a wide range of colours that can be layered to achieve a wide range of hues and opacities.048 mm. Similar Materials 20.8 mm. This monolithic material is rigid.4 mm or 50.com . up to 40 % recycled content Manufacturer 3form. Examples Of Use Interior or exterior surfaces. signage. furniture. interior design. lighting. 27 Material Data Light Transmission: 92 % (average). stable and sturdy and offers very high light transmission. 23. www. 25. It is also great for edge lighting and may be thermoformed into gently curving shapes.

photosolar. 85.dk . On a typical summer day. Microshade offers effective. Manufacturer PhotoSolar. integrated sun screening systems and solar shading. The lamellas consist of stainless steel in strips less than 0. 24.layer window panes. the energy gain from the sunlight is reduced by up to 90 %.2 mm wide. micro-structured shading that is mounted in the cavity of two.or three. Examples Of Use South facing glass façades. 57. Similar Materials 20. www. solar direct transmittance: 15 % at 45 degrees solar height. example: double glazing with Microshade MS-A. 28 % at 15 degrees solar height. 94 Material Data Available in rolls 140 mm wide. maintenance-free shading from direct sunlight while maintaining good transparency.Transparent Materials 20–39 39 Microshade Micro structured solar shading Microshade is a static. angled so as to reflect the rays of the sun when it is high in the sky. when the sun is at its highest. 78.

Examples Of Use Efficient thermal mass and moisture control for both cold and warm seasons/climates. 15. as clay is an excellent material for regulating moisture at a pleasant level. 05.Green Materials 40–59 40 Intelligent Clay Panels With phase-changing material Using clay panels for interior cladding is particularly useful where changing moisture levels could be a problem.lehmorange. Similar Materials 02. clay has excellent sound insulating qualities. It can be reused. Adding Micronal Phase-Changing Material (PCM) microcapsules increases the already considerable thermal mass of the panels and allows extraordinary control of thermal comfort. 13.de . 59 Material Data The heat storage capacity of 14 mm PCM-clay panel equals that of 70 mm concrete with a PCM-content of 3 kg/m2. www. Manufacturer Lehmorange. Furthermore.

all of which protect buildings from the effects of wind and weather. Rheinzink is a naturally corrosion resistant material and consequently needs no coating or other chemical surface protection. 60. ISO 14025 ECO. 75. A number of different construction and assembly systems are available for roofs and façades. and its production process is characterised by its comparatively low carbon footprint. 82. thickness: 0. www.rheinzink.com . Manufacturer Rheinzink. 87.7-1 mm.Green Materials 40–59 41 Rheinzink Sustainable façade cladding Rheinzink roof and façade cladding is made from a titanium zinc alloy. Examples Of Use Façade cladding Similar Materials 45. 97 Material Data Cradle to Cradle Silver certified.

Examples Of Use Wherever conventional insulation materials would otherwise be used. 66. Wool insulation contains no harmful chemicals. 58. is biodegradable.Green Materials 40–59 42 Doschawol Wool insulation Insulation with sheep wool fibres is an environmentally friendly alternative to more conventional insulation materials. 77. Doschawol consists of 100 % wool. Similar Materials 43.nl . 69. 49. naturally fire retardant as well as mould and moisture resistant – all qualities that contribute to the product’s strength as green insulation. 48.035 W/mK. has low embodied energy. Manufacturer Doscha. 65. 88 Material Data Thermal conductivity: 0. 63. 46. and where many wool insulation products contain polyester adhesive or binding to facilitate batt or roll forming. www. 59.doscha.

46. Examples Of Use Wherever conventional insulation materials would otherwise be used. Manufacturer HempFlax. hempflax. Hemp processing is clean and low on dust.200 mm and in a range of thicknesses between 40 mm and 160 mm. 59. 49. 69. 88 Material Data HempFlax is available in a standard size of 600 x 1. 63. 48. and as hemp fibre does not contain protein. and HempFlax Insulation is made of 90 % hemp reinforced with 10 % corn. 66. Similar Materials 42. 77.com . Soda has been added as a fire deterrent.Green Materials 40–59 43 HempFlax Insulation Natural hemp fibre insulation HempFlax Insulation is an environmentally friendly alternative to conventional insulation materials. 65. the material does not require chemical treatment against moths and beetles. 58.

Green Materials 40–59 44 Kebony Non-toxic enhanced wood This sustainable alternative to hardwoods is processed in a way that makes it harder and more durable. non-disintegrating polymer that greatly increases the strength and durability of the wood. Manufacturer Kebony. Subsequent heat treatment causes the furfuryl alcohol to polymerise inside the wood. durability class 1–2 (the most durable category of the EN 350 European norm). Examples Of Use Strong and durable cladding and decking in moist and cold environments. 50. 51. 20. www. Kebonisation is an impregnation process during which the wood is soaked in furfuryl alcohol (a byproduct of sugar production) which has molecules small enough to enter the cellular walls of the wood. 01. 72. 86 Material Data FSC certified. Similar Materials 00.com .kebony. forming a stable.

Manufacturer Mosa Tiles. sizes and surface finishes.mosa. Cradle to Cradle Silver certified. Similar Materials 03. By using only natural raw materials in the tiles. 97 Material Data A variety of colours. 90. Examples Of Use Interior and exterior applications for walls. closed water cycles. mercury and cadmium. reduced and clean-air emissions.Green Materials 40–59 45 Mosa Tiles Sustainable ceramic tiles The tiles produced contain only clay and sand that are free of hazardous compounds such as lead. 0.05 % moisture absorption. 93. 60. www. This includes investments in and long-term policies on energy management. as well as good working and social conditions. 89. 87. The company’s stated goal is to do business as sustainably as possible. floors. the new tiles contain between 16 and 45 % recycled materials. 41.nl . 64. and façades. In fact. local sourcing of raw materials. Mosa makes them recyclable.

com . Manufacturer Ecovative Design.ecovativedesign. Examples Of Use Sustainably grown insulation. 65. 48. Greensulate is stronger than many synthetic types of foam. like cotton burrs and buckwheat hulls. 49. Additionally. 69. making it ideal for structural insulation panels. The result is a biodegradable insulation material. 77. the manufacturing costs are low since the fabrication does not require any significant heat. 88 Material Data Ecovative was developed at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. structural insulation boards. 66. into a strong rigid board. Ecovative insulation is literally grown. which is highly fire resistant and free from any hazardous chemical compounds. light or petroleum. www. 63. Similar Materials 42. 43.Green Materials 40–59 46 GreenSulate Fungi as insulation In this material filamentous fungi is used to bond seed husks.

Similar Materials 10.Green Materials 40–59 47 Econyl 75 Recycled polyamide fibre The Econyl recycling system allows for full industrial recycling of polymer materials.aquafil. In the waste recovering process. Econyl 75 consists of 75 % recycled content. offices and public buildings. and using virgin polymer (Nylon 6). www.and stain-resistant fibre carpets used in hotels. 25 %. Manufacturer Aquafil Group. The resulting product is a polymer with the same technical and quality characteristics as the product obtained by conventional means. and the remaining 25 % is virgin polymer to accommodate additives and pigments more readily. plastic is collected through worldwide logistic chains and transported to the production plants. Examples Of Use Wear.com . 58 Material Data 75 % recycled (polyamide) fibre material (70 % post-industrial and 5 % post-consumer). 57.

65. 43. 49. and the finished insulating product can be sprayed onto or into cavity walls or roof structures.papiruld.040 W/mK. a fire retardant. 54. Manufacturer Paper Wool. and 5 % sodium borate to prevent mould growth. 88 Material Data Thermal transmission: 0. The production process requires approximately a fifth of the energy used in the production of mineral wool. 81. 400 kg of recycled newspapers = 27 bags of Paper Wool = 135 m² of 100 mm insulation.Green Materials 40–59 48 Paper Wool Paper granulate insulation Paper Wool is produced simply by shredding recycled newspaper to a fine granulate and adding 10 % aluminium hydroxide. 69. 46. Examples Of Use Insulation for old cavity walls or in new buildings suited for non-batched insulation.dk . 77. Similar Materials 42. www. 66. 63.

10. 09. 92.dk .11 W/m2K for 500 mm walls. 96. 77. Manufacturer Xella. 98 Material Data Blocks measure 250 x 500 mm with a thickness of 400 or 500 mm. 83. Cradle to Cradle Basic certified. The company strives for as sustainable a production process as possible. Similar Materials 01. 24. easy to work with and 100 % recyclable as raw material for new concrete products. 88.ytong. 66. 63.Green Materials 40–59 49 Ytong Energy+ Insulating concrete blocks This material is an autoclaved aerated concrete block solution for the construction of insulating solid walls. 67. U-value: 0. 74. www. 69. A layer of extremely lightweight (115 kg/m3) and highly insulating Ytong Energy+ is sandwiched between a thin outer and a thicker inner layer of denser (340 kg/m3) structural aerated concrete. and the blocks are non-toxic. 65. Examples Of Use Sustainable concrete housing.

com . a process in which acetic anhydride is used to change the abundance of free hydroxyls into acetyl groups. Manufacturer Accoya. 14. which makes the wood extremely durable. lasting at least 50 years above ground and 25 years below ground. 72. Accoya is wood that has been chemically enhanced by acetylation. Examples Of Use Outdoor wooden structures. Similar Materials 00. 44. 01. 86 Material Data Class 1 durability (comparable to teak).Green Materials 40–59 50 Accoya Nontoxic high technology wood The production process makes fast-growing softwood into a new durable and stable product with the qualities of hardwood. As free hydroxyls in the wood cells enable wood to absorb water and play an important role in deterioration. 57.accoya. www. water absorption and decay is avoided.

certified by The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. www. Manufacturer Superwood. yet still retaining the ability of a gas to fill its container – a supercritical fluid. Similar Materials 00. tebuconazol and IPB C). distributing fungicides evenly in the material. 14. 01. 44. Superwood is impregnated from surface to core in a pressure chamber with supercritical CO2 acting as a carrier agent. 72 Material Data Superwood is impregnated with SC200 (propiconazol.superwood. CO2 turns fluid. Examples Of Use Outdoor wood structures in cold and wet climates.Green Materials 40–59 51 Superwood Climate resistant softwood Superwood becomes particularly durable and resistant to the northern climate through a clever low-energy and non-toxic impregnating process utilising the natural properties of CO2: At 74 bar pressure and at 31°C. 50.dk .

nl . 71.dekkergreenpanel.220 mm. bound together by nontoxic PVA glue. Similar Materials 29. 53. 37. furniture. 60 or 80 mm and densities of 230. Manufacturer Dekker. thicknesses of 38. 165 and 130 kg/m³ respectively. Examples Of Use Structural panels. 96 Material Data Available in sizes up to 5.Green Materials 40–59 52 GreenPanel Wooden sandwich panels Greenpanel is manufactured from FSC-certified wood and saves material by enclosing a 3 mm HDF grid system of variable height between a 4 mm HDF top and bottom. The material is thus comparatively light and easy to handle and leaves a smaller ecological footprint. 73. www.200 x 1. while maintaining the strength and stability of comparable conventional boards. 54.

thermal conductivity: 0. FibriCork can be seen as a bio-based alternative to normal composite constructions. FibriCork is a composite structural sandwich element suited for walls and floors alike. The core material. 96 Material Data 1.Green Materials 40–59 53 FibriCork Biobased composite boards Produced purely from natural materials only. Examples Of Use Light. floors and ceilings. Similar Materials 29. 73. is encased in a composite made from natural fibre flax mats and a sugar-based bio resin. 54. The result is a rigid board with good mechanical properties as well as thermal and sound-insulating properties. 37. 60. 71.com .057 W/mK.000 x 2. walls. 4 kg/m2 at 10 mm thickness. insulating structural panels. Manufacturer EcoTechnilin.000 mm max. 52. natural cork form sustainably grown cork oaks. www.ecotechnilin.

ecorglobal. manufactured from a broad range of readily available. Examples Of Use Light structural panels and 3D structures in a dry environment. www. 81. Example: WavCOR corrugated panel.com . Similar Materials 29. 71. 48. The result is a strong and lightweight product. i.440 mm. 73. 610 x 2. creating a wet cellulose fibre “stew” or matrix similar to paper pulp. 52. 96 Material Data Several component types.Green Materials 40–59 54 Eco Composite Cellulosic structural panels The manufacturing process behind the ECOR panels is similar to the “wet” process conventionally used to produce paper and cardboard. low-cost and underutilised raw materials recycled from paper and agricultural industries. which is poured into a flat or corrugated mould to achieve a uniform thickness. 37. Manufacturer ECOR. 53.e. Combine FlatCOR with WavCOR for threedimensional structural panels.

The reduction in NOx for a 200 m2 roof is comparable to what a family car produces driving 17. Similar Materials 03. covering 310-370 x 300 mm. 13. 4. Examples Of Use Roofing for houses in areas with high air pollution. 70. 56. thanks to the hydrophilic qualities of titanium dioxide. 16. www. Manufacturer Nelskamp. 18. 09. Long lifecycle of 80 – 100 years with 30-year warranty. that are easily washed away along with any other dirt when it rains. 98 Material Data 420 x 332 mm.5 tiles per m2. the tile surface produces harmless nitrates. 92.Green Materials 40–59 55 ClimaLife Air-cleaning roof tile ClimaLife is a concrete roof tile with self. Breaking down airborne NOx particles through a photocatalytic process.de .nelskamp. 9 – 10. self-cleaning properties.000 km/year.and air-cleaning properties thanks to its titanium dioxide surface coating.7 kg.

making it durable.5 m. Length 7.com . 18. 55. titanium dioxide functions as a catalyst in a chemical process in which NOxparticles are converted to nitrate.000 km. A 100 m² Noxite roof can each year neutralize what a normal car emits by driving 3.Green Materials 40–59 56 Noxite Air-purifying shingles The core in the shingles is made of a strong glass felt coated with asphalt and titanium dioxide. 70 Material Data Width 0. which can then be washed away by rain and serve as nourishment for plants. NOx-particles are one of six recognized greenhouse gases and one of the main components of acid rain. Examples Of Use Flat and sloping roofs. particularly well suited for areas with high levels of air pollution Similar Materials 03. self-cleaning and air-purifying.33–1. 13. 10 years product warranty. www.0 m.icopal. Manufacturer Icopal. When exposed to daylight.

and antifungal.Green Materials 40–59 57 Ecoveil Fully recyclable fabric Resembling natural materials in texture and colour. EcoVeil Naturals 8050 Series. Examples Of Use Interior shading and textiles for screens. Manufacturer MechoShade Systems. 47. Silver. UVresistant. the TPO cloth is also flame retardant. Ecoveil is a fully recyclable shade cloth system made of thermoplastic olefin (TPO). 100 % TPO. The material is designed to be reclaimed. In addition to being recyclable into new shade cloths. 8 colours. 163–168 cm wide. its weight is merely one third of traditional polyester screen cloths. recycled. 39.mechoshade. Similar Materials 10. www. Furthermore.com . and reused in a perpetual loop. 58 Material Data Cradle to Cradle Certified.

Examples Of Use Interior design.28 g/cm³. Subsequent mechanical treatment with rollers results in a natural.Green Materials 40–59 58 Wolvilt Natural non-woven wool Made from 100 % pure.wolvilt. several densities available. natural wool. 57. 3 and 5 mm.nl . for example 0. Similar Materials 10. 47. 43. durable felt. Wolvilt relies on the natural structure of wool fibers. acoustic panels. Subjected to steam and pressure. Wolvilt provides material for the fashion and design industry. crafted through a process utilising only steam and mechanical pressure. the short strands of fibre branching off along the main core of the wool fibres intertwine and lock together. www. Using traditional felt manufacturing methods. 42. Manufacturer Wolvilt. 59 Material Data Available in a wide range of colours and in thicknesses of 2. carpets and furniture.

42. 58 Material Data Roll dimensions: 1. weight: approx. club houses etc. i.e.500 x 1. such rooms will be warmed up more quickly using less energy. „normal flammable building materials“. conforms to DIN 4102-B2. The effect is particularly useful in rooms where shifts in temperature occur. 600 g/m².e. than uncovered walls would.erfurt. 40.Green Materials 40–59 59 KlimaTec Reradiating wall cover Interior walls and ceilings covered with KlimaTec Pro KV 600 assist in room heating by reradiating a larger portion of the thermal energy transferred to the walls through radiation. 43. Manufacturer Erfurt. Examples Of Use Infrequently used rooms – i.000 mm.com . meeting rooms. www. Similar Materials 13.

Manufacturer 3A Composites. bent and shaped without any loss of rigidity.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 60 Alucobond Lightweight composite This composite panel consists of two aluminium cover sheets sandwiched around a plastic core. 96. The panels come in a wide range of sizes and colours. 75. Examples Of Use Lightweight façade elements.com . 87.5 and 7. Alucobond complies with national fire regulations. 97 Material Data Panels are available in a range of sizes up to 1. www.000 mm and thicknesses of 3. 53. and can easily be folded. Similar Materials 45. 47.3 kg/m². 4 and 6 mm. is weather and temperature resistant. 82.750 x 11. Weight between 4. handle and install. and is very light and easy to transport.alucobond.

All Cobiax flat slabs have the same mechanical loadbearing behavior as solid. 16. Manufacturer Cobiax Technologies. 78.ch .Lightweight Materials 60 –79 61 Cobiax Lightweight concrete slabs This material consists of plastic bubble creating voids in concrete casting. www. The Cobiax void formers are positioned between the bottom and top reinforcement layers. 09. 92 Material Data Cobiax Slim-Line: void former height: 100–220 mm. flat plate slabs. displacing concrete. The Cobiax slab can be cast as conventional in-situ concrete or combined with semi-precast elements.cobiax. The result is a dead-load reduction of up to 35 %. Similar Materials 06. 55. achieved by leaving out as much concrete as possible while maintaining the full flexural strength of the slab and allowing bi-axial load transfer. Examples Of Use Wherever conventional concrete slabs would otherwise be used. slab depths: 20–35 cm. 83.

Lightweight Materials 60 –79 62 Barrisol Shape memory textile This textile is used in a number of innovative ways to create any kind of complex lightweight shapes. Class 0 in UK and Class I in the USA). 76 Material Data Custom made. 70. it will return to its initial form and tension after deformation. Examples Of Use Stretch-ceiling systems. sheet thickness: 1–10 mm. Similar Materials 10. and its uses include for example backlit stretch-ceiling systems.barrisol. depending on finish and properties (classified M1 in France. www.com . 22. non-flammable. Due to its memory molecules. free-form 3D shapes and light installations. Manufacturer Barrisol. Bd B-S2-d0 in Europe. It consists of sheets of shape memory polymer held in place by custom-made rail systems. 21. any shape. Barrisol Acoustics consists of micro-perforated sheets well suited for acoustical purposes.

77. Manufacturer Aspen Aerogels. 70. 46.4 W/m²K for 10 mm. 49. 42.com . 65.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 63 Spaceloft Aerogel insulation blanket Spaceloft combines a silica aerogel with reinforcing fibres to create a flexible aerogel blanket insulation designed to meet the demanding energy conservation requirements of residential and commercial buildings at a fraction of the thickness of conventional insulation materials. hydrophobicity. Spaceloft effectively combines low thermal conductivity with high flexibility. 66. fire retardancy and ease of use.aerogel. compression resistance. U-value: 1. 69. 48. www. 43. 30.475 mm wide and 5 or 10 mm thick. Similar Materials 15. Examples Of Use Thin and lightweight insulation. 79 Material Data Available in rolls 1.

strength and durability of the Laminam facade system is achieved through the use of very large and extremely thin porcelain stoneware sheets produced from natural raw materials subjected to damp grinding. 92.laminam.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 64 Laminam Lightweight ceramic cladding The lightness. 90.000 x 3. compacting and sintering at 1. www. 89. 45. Similar Materials 03. Manufacturer Laminam. Examples Of Use Ventilated façade systems.000 x 3 mm. 93. 87. Secured to a lightweight carrying system.200°C.it . 98 Material Data Slabs measure 1. Laminam offers a lightweight solution alternative to conventional materials for ventilated façades.

42. thickness. solid and inflammable material.200 x 600 mm. 30. 43. Aerorock is highly insulating.aerowolle. 77. www. Similar Materials 15. U-value: 0. 48. energy renovation of older buildings. 46. 79 Material Data Aerorock standard panel: 1. Manufacturer Rockwool. 50 mm.de .Lightweight Materials 60 –79 65 Aerorock Rockwool with aerogel Aerorock is a series of new. 49. 66. provided as panels ready to apply to interior walls. slim insulation panels with aerogel. Examples Of Use Easily applicable insulation for new. 69. Although currently marketed as a niche product particularly well suited for energy renovation of old buildings. it demonstrates a growing drive in the industry towards the development of increasingly effective insulators. 63. 70.38 W/m2K. thin-walled structures.

88 Material Data Thermal conductivity: between 0. 48.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 66 Vacupor Vacuum insulated panels Combining the properties of microporous insulation material with the advantages of vacuum insulation technology. 74. www. 69. 79.019 W/mK. while vacuumed the material completely prevents any thermal transmission by convection. temperature range from -50 to +120° C. Vacupor achieves a very low thermal conductivity of 5mW/m·K. Similar Materials 42. 46. Examples Of Use Highly efficient insulation where space is limited and flexibility is required. nonhazardous and recyclable.porextherm. Manufacturer Porextherm. 63. The core material consists of fused layers of microporous fumed silica. 77. customized components available. The material is inflammable. 49.005 W/mK and 0. 43. 65. which limits thermal conductivity.com .

thickness: 25. Similar Materials 49. Alusion markets stiff.alusion. 74.com . sound. standard size: 1. in which hard ceramic particles stabilize the bubbles and ensure that the material retains its final shape. Examples Of Use Aluminium foam sandwich panels are used in rail trains and sport cars as crash-absorbing material and in heat-resistant walls. 96 Material Data Several varieties of foam board available.4 mm.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 67 Alusion Aluminum foam Using post-industrial aluminium. Sandwiching the foam between cover layers allows a very high bending strength at comparatively low weight. 69. non-toxic. Example: small-pore. density: 0. The lightweight stabilized aluminium foam of the core is produced by introducing gas bubbles into a melt of metal matrix composite. www.438 mm. 88. Manufacturer Alusion.41 g/cm³. incombustible. 72.219 x 2.and crash absorbing and heat resistant sandwich panels.

15 mm alu. Similar Materials 00. Examples Of Use Curved cladding panels and interior design.flexible-products. 31 x 56 mm. www. multipurpose profile for lowweight applications. The laminates can be either prefabricated or made to be individually adjusted individually on site. which can be transformed by hand or machine into any given shape and then locked by gluing on glass reinforced polymers (GRP) sheets to complete the laminate and form the structure of various curved surfaces. 84 Material Data Example: PreBeam 0. 14. The core material of the laminate is flexible.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 68 PreBeam Flexible sandwich laminate This material is a lightweight and strong sandwich laminate that can be easily shaped into various single-curved surfaces. corrugated aluminium.dk . dimensions. Manufacturer MDT. weight: 231 g/m. 68.

Amorim produces 100 % natural insulation with very low embodied energy. www. 66. 67.com . noise insulation: Rw = 53 dB.040 W/mK. thermal conductivity: 0. 72. 43. 48. which induce expansion and release the cork’s natural resin turning it into an adhesive.bcork. Examples Of Use As an alternative to conventional insulation materials or as filler in lightweight concrete. Similar Materials 42. 63. sorted by size for different products and subjected to superheated steam and pressure. the cork is granulated.amorim. durable and resistant to moisture and functions as a thermal. Following a period of weather exposure. 77 Material Data Density: 110-120 kg/m³. acoustic and vibrational insulator. Manufacturer Amorim Isolamentos. 49. 65.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 69 Amorim Insulation cork board Using a naturally occurring and regenerating material. 46. Expanded cork granulate is stable.

62. 30. 76. and it also provides good light transmission and acoustic qualities.com . the material is very energy efficient. 13.96 – 0.31 W/m²K. Manufacturer Birdair. Because of its insulating properties. 55. 65. lightweight and tensile properties. 10. 21.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 70 Tensotherm Insulating translucent tensile fabric This light high-strength tensile membrane is a three-layer composite material.birdair. The self-cleaning TiO2 coating keeps the outer layer clean and simultaneously helps rid the air of nitric oxides and other airborne pollutants. Similar Materials 03. 56. 63. Available with a core of Nanogel from 8 mm – 64 mm. www. made of one layer of aerogel between two layers of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). 22. 18. 79 Material Data U Value: 1. Examples Of Use Insulation with translucent.

52. electrical and thermal properties. www. heat resistance and weather resistance. amorphous engineering thermoplastic characterised by its outstanding mechanical. Example: Lexan Resin 143 R. 37. optical. 63 MPa. scratch resistance.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 71 Lexan Polycarbonate panels Lexan polycarbonate resin is a highly versatile. 73 Material Data Wide range of products available. tensile stress (yield: 50 mm/min).2 g/cm³. When set in its desired form. Manufacturer SABIC Innovative Plastics. UV stabilised. 54. and transparent walls Similar Materials 29. density: 1. it offers impact resistance dimensional stability andtransparency.sabic-ip. Examples Of Use As a strong yet lightweight alternative to glass in facades. toughness.com . It may be used in a wide range of projects requiring flame retardancy.

67. lightweight core material for constructions in sandwich composites. stiff sandwich panels. 74. structural skin or windmills. 152 kg pr. 51. thermal conductivity: 0.balsacore. compressive strength: 13 MPa. Examples Of Use Core material in lightweight panels. Balsa Core is a highperformance. Balsa Core Rigid is dried balsa wood assembled into large panels and is a suitable replacement for flat. 69.com . shaped and numbered as a Balsa Core Kit used for instance in the construction of windmills. 50. It can also be supplied pre-cut. m³. tensile strength: 13-4 MPa. Manufacturer Dura Composites. Similar Materials 44.063 W/mK. 88 Material Data Density. www.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 72 Balsa Core Natural core material Derived from South American balsa trees. Balsa Core Flexible features a fibreglass fabric scrim on one side and a series of razor thin cuts on the other to allow for curved panels.

nl . thickness: 10-100 mm depending on project. Furthermore. Class 0 in UK. 71 Material Data Custom made.hollandcomposites. Examples Of Use Façade and roof cladding Similar Materials 26.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 73 Holland Composites Lightweight translucent panels The panels are made from glass fibre composites and are extremely lightweight when taking into account volume and strength. 28. may be dyed and patterns added. www. 53. fire retardant (classified Bd B-S2-d0 in Europe. B1 in Germany) Manufacturer Holland composites. 52. 29. The sandwich structure is made of glass fibre-reinforced composites around a plastic honeycomb core. 37. flat panels. This core material gives the panel its strength without adding significant weight. 54. panel and glass fibre layer thicknesses may be adapted to meet customer requirements. The clear plastic allows light to filter through despite the thickness of the panel.

each available in a range of densities as low as 38 kg/m³. compatible with virtually all commonly used resin systems. 67.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 74 Divinycell Lightweight structural foam Divinycell offers a comprehensive range of polymer foam cores. 96 Material Data Material data: Divinycell H: density: 38-250 kg/m³. www. 66. 72. such as grid-scored. 88.0-9. each piece pre-cut. and may be ordered as ready-made kits. Furthermore.2 MPa Manufacturer DIAB Group. Examples Of Use Foam cores for structural elements in sandwich constructions. each product developed to meet specific performance criteria from all-round high performance to aerospace grade. tensile strength: 1. shaped and numbered to fit exactly into its designated place. Divinycell may be supplied with a range of finishes to facilitate installation.diabgroup.45-7.com . grooved or perforated surfaces. compressive strength: 0.2 MPa. Similar Materials 49.

60. Manufacturer Fielitz. weight.0 mm.or three-dimensional shape with standard machinery. lightweight partitions. high-performance panels that may be used to create almost any kind of two. example: Web Plate type A12. acoustic walls and furniture. Examples Of Use Primarily interior design. height: 4. 97 Material Data Large variety of products available. thickness: 0. 78.de . customizable and with a large range of precisionengineered corrugation patterns. 82.5 mm. 87. 85. Web Plate aluminum products are lightweight. www. Graphic designs may be embossed onto the panels before anodizing or dyeing. measurements: 450 x 1. Similar Materials 47. 1.23 kg/m².160 mm.fielitz.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 75 Web Plate Lightweight aluminum panels Thin.

Similar Materials 10. 21. Manufacturer CENO TEC. Examples Of Use Architectural textiles. but non-translucent.sattler-ag.com . lightweight membrane ceilings. www. the PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) coating provides a very light and low-friction surface. and consequently almost impervious to dirt. alternative to ETFE (ethylene tetrafluoroethylene).127-0. 22. heat and cold-resistance: -190°C to + 260°C. 70 Material Data Thickness: 0. While the glass fibre fabric provides high tensile strength. large spans possible. coated glass fibre This architectural fabric is durable and non-combustible and is generally used for permanent. 62. life expectancy: 25 years +. which is also chemically inert.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 76 CENO TEC Flexible. 28.25 mm. PTFE is a stronger. weather-resistant membrane structures.

63. www. thermal conductivity: < 0.000 x 600 mm. and they are also available in a range of custom-cut shapes. 48. 49. 66. va-Q-tec insulation panels offer noncombustible high performance insulation.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 77 Va-Q-tec Vacuum insulation panels With their core of microporous fumed silica board sealed inside a gas barrier film. 69. 43.va-q-tec. density: 180–210 kg/m³. The panels were specially developed for insulation applications where space is scarce but high thermal resistance is necessary. 65.com . thickness: 10–50 mm. 79 Material Data Dimensions: 1.0043 W/mK (at 20 mm thickness). Manufacturer Va-Q-tec. Examples Of Use Thin-walled structures and extreme climatic conditions. 46. Similar Materials 42.

Examples Of Use Façade cladding as a second building skin. 75. Similar Materials 39. It may also be dyed and/or combined with LED lighting. but allows clear views from the inside as well as outside. open area. www. Manufacturer Haver & Boecker. 94 Material Data A range of different mesh types available. 85. The mesh has a distinctive interplay of transparency and reflection of light and colour. stainless steel with molybdenum. weight.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 78 Architectural Wire Cloth Woven sun protection Manufactured from high-quality.weavingideas. 64 %. Example: Multi-barrette 8123. railings etc. the heating of the façade is greatly reduced. as a result.6 kg/m².com . Incident solar radiation is filtered and. architectural wire cloth may be applied to the exterior of a building as efficient sun protection. 6. solar shading: also well suited for ceilings and space dividers.

70.8 % air restrained in nano-size pores. It also absorbs sound and disperses light.com . non-hazardous. light transmission: 55 %. thickness: 25 mm.cabot-corp. Lumira aerogel is safe. recyclable and environmentally friendly. Examples Of Use Daylighting systems as skylights or façade Similiar Materials 30. www. 66. U-value: 0.64 W/m2K. 77 Material Data Lumira translucent silica aerogel. making it the lightest and best insulating solid in the world. 65. translucent insulation material that only weighs 75 g per liter. 63. translucent insulation Aerogel is a lightweight.Lightweight Materials 60 –79 79 Lumira aerogel Lightweight. the size of which hinders movement and collision and thus transfer of thermal energy from the air molecules. Cradle to Cradle Silver certified. making it ideal for daylighting evenly lit spaces. Manufacturer Cabot. Aerogel consists of up to 99.

www. 96 Material Data Available in a wide range of qualities. It can be treated with waterresistant surface coating as well as prints.a full pallet size box can withstand a stacking load of 4 tons. 81.com . durable. 71. 48. cheap and lightweight alternative to wooden boards. packaging. 73.storaenso. sustainable forestry is an important part of Stora Enso’s brand. Approximately 50 % strength at 93 % humidity. Examples Of Use Light structural elements for temporary interior installations. Kraftwells double layer of reinforcing fluting makes for a cardboard of impressive strength . Manufacturer Stora Enso. and exhibition design Similar Materials 29. and could in many applications make for a strong. 54. 52.Strong Materials 80 –99 80 Kraftwell Corrugated cardboard Produced exclusively from strong first generation fibers. from very thin to extremely heavy duty and durable corrugated board. It can be recycled after use. 53.

Examples Of Use For interiors. 64. the structure of the product is permanent and cannot be altered. www.com . Once the curing process is complete. Similar Materials 48. 86. durable sheets. 54. 89 Material Data Tensile Strength: Up to 132 MPa (oak averages 60 MPa) Density: 1. the layers of paper are gradually cross-linked with each other to create solid. The final product is exceptionally strong and still maintains a warm and natural look. Manufacturer Richlite.21 g/m3. as a heavy-duty alternative to wood.richlite. During the production cycle.Strong Materials 80 –99 81 Cascade Paper composite Richlite’s Cascade product series consists primarily of paper treated with phenolic resin and baked to create a strong material. 80. plastics or other composites.

woelbstruktur. 87.de . Mirtsch GmbH.Strong Materials 80 –99 82 PowerStruct Vault structuring of sheet materials A vault-structured surface increases rigidity and stability. Manufacturer Dr. It also increases thermal stability. Similar Materials 47. plastics. 97 Material Data A variety of structures are available in sizes from 17–50 mm. light reflectors.0 mm for steel and 1. 60. which means that PowerStruct components may be built up to 30 % lighter than unstructured components. roofing.2 mm for aluminium. including sheet metals. paper and cardboard. Examples Of Use Façade elements. 75. A gentle shaping process makes it possible to enhance a wide variety of materials. www. noise reduction and glare-free light reflection. and ensures that the surface and integrity of the material is undamaged. maximum sheet thickness: 1.

Strong Materials 80 –99


Concrete Canvas
Fabric with uncured concrete
This material is a flexible cement-impregnated fabric that hardens on hydration to form a thin, durable, waterproof and fireproof concrete layer. Essentially, it is fibre reinforced concrete on a roll hardening to 80 % strength within 24 hours of being hydrated. Concrete Canvas can be draped, making it easy to construct strong, complex surfaces including double curved concrete structures.

Examples Of Use
Landscaping, curving concrete surfaces, concrete shelters, or construction site preparation.

Similar Materials
09, 16, 24, 49, 61, 92, 98

Material Data
Concrete Canvas is supplied in rolls, 1.0 and 1.1 m wide, in lengths of up to 200 m and thicknesses between 5 mm, 8 mm and 13 mm.

Concrete Canvas, www.concretecanvas.co.uk

Strong Materials 80 –99


Freeform structural tubes
This composite material is derived from a flexible technique used to mould fibre reinforced plastic tubes. The construction method allows the realisation of strong double-curved spline structures of various sizes and functions but without any need of costly moulding procedures. In their flexible stage, the tubes can be easily free-formed. In their second stage, after the tubes have been hardened with resin, they can be used for structural purposes.

Examples Of Use
Pavilions, façades and nonlinear construction modules.

Similar Materials
00, 14, 26, 28, 68, 95, 99

Material Data
For SplineTEX Carbon Ø 20mm. Tensile modulus: 55.000 MPa; density 1,12 g/cm³; weight 126 g pr. m; max length 5 m and min bending radius 60 mm (3xØ).

SuperTEX, www.supertex.at

Strong Materials 80 –99


Creative Weave
Metal textiles
This material takes the shape of a wide range of flexible architectural metal meshes that may be formed into protective and aesthetic veils for buildings, walls, ceilings or floors. The textile structure is supple and adaptable, and the woven metal provides a characteristic interplay of transparency and reflection. Functioning as a transparent and permeable barrier, it may be used as a projecting screen or fitted with inter-woven LED panels as a transparent media façade without losing its high strength and durability.

Examples Of Use
Exterior façade screens, light filtering curtains, wall coverings and media façades.

Similar Materials
39, 75, 78, 94

Material Data
Stainless steel with a maximum width of 8 m; weatherproof, corrosion resistant and non-flammable.

Creative Weave GKD, www.gkd.de

uk . Its Janka hardness – the force required to press a 10 mm steel ball 5 mm into the material – is 6.140 kN. equivalent to white oak. resulting in the off-gassing of formaldehyde. 44.smithfongbamboo. 50. sustainably sourced and has a hardness equivalent to that of oak planks. Manufacturer Smith & Fong Bamboo. durability and resistance to moisture and insects comparable to that of hardwood. www.co.Strong Materials 80 –99 86 Durapalm Bamboo Durable flooring Bamboo is an attractive alternative flooring material. Similar Materials 01. both because of the ease with which the fast-growing raw material can be sustainably sourced and because of its high strength. Examples Of Use Alternative to hardwood flooring. While other laminates often contain phenol resins. Durapalm Bamboo flooring is formaldehydefree. 81 Material Data Made from 100 % rapidly renewable bamboo.

com . As a façade cladding material it provides high strength and durability under any environmental conditions.architecturaltitanium. www. strong. 75. durable.Strong Materials 80 –99 87 Architectural Titanium High-performance skin Titanium is a lightweight.4–3 mm thick. 60. high-strength metal used in a variety of high-end products e.g. Commercial-grade titanium is more than twice as strong as aluminium. It is non-toxic and when exposed to atmospheric air. racing cars. Similar Materials 41. and lightweight structures. 97 Material Data Ultimate tensile strength of approximately 430 MPa – equivalent to low-grade steel but 45 % lighter. it forms a thin layer of highly adherent oxide film effectively protecting it against corrosion. Manufacturer Architectural Titanium. Fully recyclable. Available in sheets 1.2 m wide as well as coils and plates. 45. 0. Examples Of Use Façade cladding.

foamglas. releases a gas.dk . compressive strength: 0. 46. 66. which. 72. 96 Material Data Various products available. 74. which is entrapped in the glass forming a closed-cell structure that remains after cooling – a process similar to using soda as a leavening agent in bread. 43. Examples Of Use Façade insulation. www. thermal conductivity: 0. opaque insulation material. It is produced by adding a carbon foaming agent to granulated glass.K (at 0°C). which when reaching the temperature at which the glass becomes soft enough to cohere. 49.Strong Materials 80 –99 88 FoamGlas Cellular glass insulation Foam glass is a lightweight. Similar Materials 42. has high compression strength and durability and is water.035 W/m. in addition to its insulating qualities.and diffusion proof. Manufacturer Foamglas Nordic AB.7 MPa (7 kg/m²). for instance T4: density: 120 kg/m³. 48. 67.

Examples Of Use Sturdy. moist and weather resistant. www.500 mm. standard length: 85-3. colours and textures from natural stone aggregate to brightly coloured. Steni panels are 100 % water. 93. 25 year guarantee.Strong Materials 80 –99 89 Steni Polymer composite facade panels Steni products are a range of glass fibre-enforced polymer composite panels. 90. 98 Material Data Standard width: 1. 45.com .195 mm. with a variety of surface finishes. Manufacturer Steni. 81. 92. smooth surfaces of electron beam cured acrylic. very strong and durable and suitable for exposed façades as they handle blows as well as UV radiation well.steni. durable façade cladding with a wide range of finishes. 64. Similar Materials 03.

com . available in a wide range of colors. non-porous and non-stainable surface. 89 Material Data 6 or 12 mm thick. heat resistant up to 100°C. kitchens. Similar Materials 03.Strong Materials 80 –99 90 Corian Acrylic polymer composite Scratch-resistant. such as bathrooms. NSF/ANSI 51 certified for food contact. maintenance-free and completely nonporous. Manufacturer DuPont. www. 45. it is thermoformable at a comparatively low temperature (150°C) and can be seamlessly joined and shaped into almost any design while maintaining a perfectly solid.dupont. Composed of acrylic polymer and alumina trihydrate. Examples Of Use Interior applications. particularly useful in environments with high hygiene standards. Corian is a highly customizable surface material well suited for extensive wear and tear as well as for environments with special hygienic requirements. 64. laboratories or hospitals.

peel adhesion: 210 N/100 mm (0. Structural tape offers a fast and efficient method for mounting windows or façade elements. rivets.4 mm). dynamic shear strength: 0.62 MPa (0.62 MP (0. Unlike screws or rivets it achieves its bonding strength by spreading the stress load across the entire length of the joint.4mm).3m. plastics and painted materials. welds and other forms of mechanical fasteners.4–1.55 mm. Manufacturer 3M.Strong Materials 80 –99 91 3M VHB Structural tape High-strength bonding tape is a proven alternative to screws. Similar Materials 36 Material Data Bonds metals.com .4 mm). Designed for bonding glass to metal frames in glass curtain wall systems. normal tensile strength: 0. Thickness: 0. www. temporary structures and building skins. 3M VHB structural tape consists of a two-sided pressure sensitive adhesive acrylic foam tape. Examples Of Use Fast-build façades.

resulting in thin concrete elements with very high flexural strength. Sandwiched between a top and bottom layer of scattered and undirected fibres. 89.200 mm. flat concrete slabs in any shape. Similar Materials 09. 49. 83. bending strength: > 18. size: up to 3.600 x 1.rieder. layers of glass fibre are incorporated into a concrete matrix. The production of these thin and light elements also allows for almost any imaginable shape. 24. Manufacturer Rieder. the middle layer is strengthened with fibre bundles.5 kg/m². 61.Strong Materials 80 –99 92 FibreC Fibre-reinforced concrete Through a special extrusion process.5 MPa. 64. weight per unit area: 26-31. 98 Material Data Standard element: thickness: 13 mm. 16. www. Examples Of Use Interior and exterior cladding. colour and surface texture.cc .

industrial floors. 45 MPa. Eutit creates a near indestructible.and heatproof. Examples Of Use Highly durable surfaces.eutit. but it is also suitable for urban infrastructure where extreme durability is important. Weight: 2. hydrocarbon. also used for piping and sewage systems. cast basalt is used for industrial floors. 64. Cast basalt retains the characteristic iridescence of basalt in its naturally occurring form. Similar Materials 03.900-3. As tiles. shockproof and frost-.000 kg/m³. 89 Material Data Compression strength: min. 300-450 MPa. bending strength: min. high-density product that is resistant to most chemicals and non-porous. www.cz .300°C) into moulds of varying sizes and shapes. Manufacturer Eutit.Strong Materials 80 –99 93 Cast Basalt Melted stone Pouring molten basalt (at 1. 45.

The metal mesh may be tailored to allow exactly the required amount of light.cricursa. Examples Of Use Solar control façade systems. Crimetal combines the visual and shading qualities of metal mesh with the air-tight climate barrier of glazing. Either way Crimetal combines into one solution the strengths of both glass and metal mesh. Similar Materials 17. 33. 34. 37. www. 85 Material Data Measurements. 2210 x 5.com . 39.790 mm (maximum). 19. accented security barriers and window-integrated shading. 18. 25.Strong Materials 80 –99 94 Crimetal Laminated glass with metal mesh Manufactured from extra clear glass to emphasise the aesthetic impact of the metal mesh. Manufacturer Cricursa. 78. while the glass may be either tempered or double-insulating glass.

84.braider.com . 99 Material Data QISO medium fabric: width: 889 mm. quasi-isotropic carbon fabric providing drastically increased damage tolerance and improved energy absorption. Manufacturer A&P Technology. With its uniform geometry and perfectly balanced single layer of braid. www. Similar Materials 26.Strong Materials 80 –99 95 QISO Braided carbon fibre This material is unique due to its triaxial braided fibre architecture and its drapability and its consistent fibre orientation. weight: 405 g/m². 28. QISO is thinner and lighter than most laminates and also reduced interlaminar stress when multiple layers of QISO are used. QISO laminate with E862 epoxy resin: Tensile strength: 805/800MPa (longitudinal/transverse). Examples Of Use Composite materials for free-formed high performance surfaces where high strength is needed. QISO is a single-layer.

total thickness: 9-80 mm. 37.500mm (max). energy absorption and thermal and acoustic insulation. A variety of specialised alloys are available. weight: 10. 120 MPa. 49. treated and recycled like conventional aluminium. The pure metal composition of the sandwich panels with metallurgical bonding allows them to be joined.alulight. Examples Of Use Strong. 54. 52. tensile strength. lightweight and 100 % recyclable structural panels Similar Materials 29. 67. offering specific high-end performance in areas such as damage tolerance. www.500 x 1. 53. Manufacturer Alulight International.5 kg/m². cover sheet thickness: 0. 73. 60. 77 Material Data Measurements: 2. 74.com .2 mm cover sheets. example: 25 mm panel with 1.Strong Materials 80 –99 96 Alulight Aluminium foam sandwich panels Alulight panels are made purely from aluminium alloys from their cores to their metallurgically bonded cover sheets.6-20 mm.

Common to all these products is their highly controllable and hardwearing aesthetic appearance.000 mm (max). www. Examples Of Use Distinctive interior and facade cladding and detailing available with varying degrees of natural patina.6-2. from copper and classical bronze to copper-aluminium. easy to clean. 60. measurements: 1. some of them preoxidised and pre-patinised and others coated with fluoropolymer to highlight and protect their metallic shine. Similar Materials 41. Manufacturer KME.kme.com .Strong Materials 80 –99 97 TECU Copper façade surfaces TECU markets a range of copper products. 45. for instance TECU Classic. UV.0 mm. 82.250 x 3. 87 Material Data Several alloys available.and chemical resistant. copper is extremely durable in any climate. As testified by centuries-old green copper roofs. 75. 100 % recyclable. thickness: 0.

Strong Materials 80 –99 98 Ductal Ultra high performance concrete Reinforcing concrete with polymer. marble powder and reinforcement fibres. 83.ductal. 16. Similar Materials 09. but its high strength and homogenous structure makes it ideal for thinner and lighter structures. 61. fibre reinforced concrete is very dense. Manufacturer Lafarge and Bouygues. 92 Material Data Thickness: typically 10-15 mm for façade elements and 10-30 mm for balcony floors. 49. 64. 24. fibre concrete can be dyed by adding acrylic paint to the mix.com . glass or steel fibres allows great tensile and compression strength. www. Compared to conventional concrete. The concrete consists of a mix of white cement. 89. thin and freely shaped concrete elements. Examples Of Use Lightweight and weather resistance facade systems. and the die casting process makes it possible to produce thin shells in three-dimensional moulds.

it has excellent flex fatigue and internal fibre friction characteristics. 84.novabraid. 95 Material Data Example: Spectec-12. tensile strength: 726-49. Examples Of Use Lightweight tensioning systems Similar Materials 28. www. diameter: 3-30 mm. water and ultraviolet light. a bright white polyethylene fibre that performs stronger than steel. cm³. Furthermore. weight: 0.8 kg pr. Although dense for a polyethylene product. density: 0. 73.940 kg. Spectra Rope is a high-strength and cut-resistant rope for use in tensioning systems of almost any size and strength. melting temperature: 150°C. Its only weakness is a comparatively low melting point. 100m.8-53.97 g pr. and it is highly resistant to chemicals.com .Strong Materials 80 –99 99 Spectra Rope Fifteen times stronger than steel Wound from Spectra Fiber. it is still light enough to float. Manufacturer Novabraid.

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