Setting/ Staging/ Tone and Mood The story takes place during the 1920´s, there are four
major settings: West Egg East Egg New York City The Valley of Ashes
The West Egg is the “less fashionable” side of Long Island where Gatsby and Nick live. The East Egg is the “fashionable” side of Long Island where the Buchanan´s and other “old money” people live. The Valley of Ashes is the desolate wasteland where the Wilsons live. New York City is a symbol of what America has become in the 1920’s a place where anything goes, where money is made and bootleggers flourish. The mood is largely dark, pessimistic, and vapid as set by the purposelessness and carelessness of the wealthy, the ongoing string of meaningless parties, the ugliness of the Valley of Ashes, and the tragic deaths of Gatsby and Myrtle. Only Nick Carraway's honest and moral view of life breaks the sense of tragedy. Throughout this passage, Nick portrays a tone of admiration towards Gatsby with heroic, respectable, god-like references. Nick's view of Gatsby is described by saying."... [That] there is something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life... Then later in the passage, speaking of the "extraordinary gift of hope", Nick later states."...as I have never found in any other person and which it is not likely I shall ever find again." In this quote, Nick is referring to Gatsby's hope. He gives Gatsby exclusivity and isolates Gatsby from everyone else in a positive way. The fact that Gatsby is the only one that Nick might ever find to be like that further idolizes him and establishes his tone towards Gatsby Minor characters Minor Character Meyer Wolfsheim Characterization Jewish man, a gambler who fixed the World Series She defends her sister after her death, with all the reporters McKee is in the artistic game, he is a Relationship to Main Character Friend of Gatsby
Sister of Myrtle Wilson Myrtle’s New York friends
Chester and Lucille McKee
Symbols The green light Situated at the end of Daisy’s East Egg dock and barely visible from Gatsby’s West Egg lawn. Nick’s reveals his sensitivity to this dichotomy: though it is set in the East. while the West is connected to more traditional social values and ideals. amoral quest for money and pleasure. It represents the moral and social decay that results from the uninhibited pursuit of wealth. Gatsby associates it with Daisy. the green light represents Gatsby’s hopes and dreams for the future. West Egg the newly rich. Nick compares the green light to how America. rising out of the ocean. East Egg represents the old aristocracy. must have looked to early settlers of the new nation. Additionally. as it tells how people originally from west of the Appalachians react to the pace and style of life on the East Coast. the green light also symbolizes that more generalized ideal. Gatz Michaelis Dan Cody
photographer Drunken party-goer He is a sponger He helped build up the country Witness of the death of Myrtle Wilson Millionaire. places and settings epitomize the various aspects of the 1920s American society that Fitzgerald depicts. as the rich indulge themselves with regard for nothing but their own pleasure. the story is really one of the West. and New York City the uninhibited. and he reaches toward it in the darkness as a guiding light to lead him to his goal. the valley of ashes the moral and social decay of America. teaches Gatsby how to make money
Friend of Gatsby Friend of Gatsby Dad of Gatsby George Wilson neighbor Friend of Gatsby
Motifs Geography Throughout the novel. Because Gatsby’s quest for Daisy is broadly associated with the American dream. The valley of ashes The valley of ashes between West Egg and New York City consists of a long stretch of desolate land created by the dumping of industrial ashes.Owl Eyes Ewing Klipspringer Henry C. the East is connected to the moral decay and social cynicism of New York. The
making and selling booze on a large scale at speakeasies (nightclubs that served the liquor) and
... Selfishness undermines selflessness. and distribution of alcoholic beverages. who live among the dirty ashes and lose their vitality as a result The eyes of Dr. .. telephones.. Racism and snobbery obviate equality. the New World offered them the dream of a better life if they worked at honest jobs and held fast to noble goals and ideals. Eckleburg are a pair of fading. for everyone was equal.. To win her back.valley of ashes also symbolizes the plight of the poor. bespectacled eyes painted on an old advertising billboard over the valley of ashes. The connection between the eyes of Doctor T. and other goods. Even gangsters thrived. sale. Nick explores these ideas.. J. when he imagines Gatsby’s final thoughts as a depressed consideration of the emptiness of symbols and dreams. J. Jobs opened at home. kitchen appliances.. In The Great Gatsby. Thus. a new law passed to enforce the 18th Amendment prohibition of the manufacture. though the novel never makes this point explicitly.Gatsby dreams of one day being reunited with Daisy Buchanan. Mobs circumvented the law.After Europeans colonized America.... Themes The Death of a Dream . Eckleburg and God exists only in George Wilson’s grief-stricken mind. But their craving for material possessions and high living overcomes the desire to aspire to noble ideals.The First World War made America a powerful nation.. J. The Death of an Ideal ..Corruption in Capitalist America ... it cannot buy him Daisy. he makes a fortune apparently through dealings with mobsters so that he can compete in the moneyed world of Daisy. radios. thanks in part to the Volstead Act.. like George Wilson. Everyone had a chance to fulfill his dream.. Factories mass-produced cars. But though his wealth buys him a place in elite society. the eyes also come to represent the essential meaninglessness of the world and the arbitrariness of the mental process by which people invest objects with meaning.. Hollywood and the entertainment industry flourished. the central characters achieve wealth and social status. he becomes a man who has everything but ends up with nothing. They may represent God staring down upon and judging American society as a moral wasteland. and markets for Americanmade products opened abroad. Ultimately. This lack of concrete significance contributes to the unsettling nature of the image. T.. not only militarily but also economically. Eckleburg The eyes of Doctor T.
" .. suspicions of a fix surfaced. Although the novel does not discuss at length the series and its outcome... where they consumed illegal gin and whiskey. spiritually. Tom Buchanan exhibits bigotry when he discusses a book he is reading... Shoeless Joe Jackson from ever playing professional baseball again.Many Americans of the 1920's were openly bigoted against blacks. readers of Fitzgerald's novel well knew all the details.. the latest fashions.. Born into wealthy families that saw to their every need. America's well-to-do bought what they wanted: new homes....Near the end of the novel.. Irresponsibility .. implicates Gatsby when talking with Myrtle's husband. corrupt society that Fitzgerald holds up to public view in The Great Gatsby.In the meantime. .. In a trial. Tom Buchanan. they expect others such as servants and friends to look out for their welfare while they go their merry way. Jews. and other racial. So Gatsby takes the blame and dies at the hands of Wilson. bribing Chicago White Sox players to throw the series. When Nick Carraway is a dinner guest at the Buchanan home.. Nick Carraway says of the Buchanans.. ethnic.. and made shady business deals.. "This fellow has worked out the whole thing.. Gatsby is in a passenger seat. However. Daisy strikes and kills Myrtle Wilson in a hit-and-run accident while driving home from New York in Gatsby's car. Daisy Buchanan.. and religious groups. the love of Daisy. "They smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back to their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together. the accused players were acquitted because key evidence could not be found.Tom Buchanan. And they threw parties. who knows all the details of the accident. fast cars... What Money Cannot Buy: Happiness . like those at Gatsby's." At
... Jordan Baker drives carelessly and expects others to get out of the way. and Jordan Baker all act irresponsibly. It is this self-indulgent. the baseball commissioner forbade all eight players including one of the greatest players in the history of baseball. George Wilson. Of the author. It's up to us who are the dominant race to watch out for these other races will have control of things. gossiped. After the series. danced to the hottest jazz.. he says. but fails.. and let other people clean up the mess they made. The Rise of the Coloured Empires. Daisy shirks her responsibility as a mother. But Daisy never admits that she was at the wheel when the accident occurred.Gatsby and the Buchanans have everything that they want materially but little. Gatsby tries to buy the one thing that will make him happy.. Bigotry . met paramours.. Roman Catholics..bribing many police officers to look the other way. Meyer Wolfsheim attempts to buy the 1919 World Series. Tom cheats on his wife with Myrtle Wilson and openly crows about his affair.. materialistic. and four of the eight players who reportedly accepted bribes admitted their guilt to a grand jury.. if anything.
Mrs. that man's way below you!' But if I hadn't met Chester. 27 Aug. http://www. one of the guests.html
.net/Guides2/Gatsby. observes. Web." Reference Michael Cummings. Everybody kept saying to me: 'Lucille. 2011. he'd of got me sure.a small party in Tom's New York City apartment. "I almost married a little kyke who'd been after me for years. "Study Guide." Free Study Guides for Shakespeare and Other Authors. Lucille McKee.cummingsstudyguides. I knew he was below me. 2011.