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The history of this mind-blowing state goes back to more than 5000 years & this History boasts of a very rich culture & tradition. This state has given the country much as far as tourism is concerned. The tradition of this state has been very rich from the prehistoric times & continues to do so. There were very powerful rulers who ruled this state from the times that goes back to the (7 AD) till the founding of the Delhi Sultanate, Rajasthan was a state which was in fragments & all these fragmented kingdoms were fighting amongst each other. & it was this era, during which the mighty Rajputs influnced the Brahmins to link them with the sun, moon & the fire god. As time passed, this state came under the rule of the powerful Rajputs who ruled this state for quite a long time till the Mughals came & defeated them in bloody battles & took over the reigns of the state into their hands. As the Rajput rulers were constantly with war among themselves, the Mughals took advantage & took the power into their ownhands.Around the 14th century, the power of the Rajputs was on the decline. The Mughal emperor Akbar the Great, was in the scene by this time & with his far sight,he was very successful in conquering thesmall but mighty Rajputs one by one. He did one very good thing by not snatching their kingdoms, & allowed them to be in power under his rule which was the supreme rule consisting of many a small states. As time passed the kings of these small kingdoms became very loyal to the Mughal supreme & Akbar also own over some of the very powerful Rajput kings by getting into matrimonial relationship with them. He also gave a lot of high official posts to the Rajput kings to keep them under his control & even married Jodha Bai the daughter of Maharaja of Amber. But as long as he was in power, everything was going all right. But after him, the Rajputs were left with out a powerful Mughal ruler & they again took over the reigns of their separate kingdoms themselves. In fact till today, the people of this state worship the Rajput rulers for their valor & bravery.
weekly market place. The Mughals brought sophisticated design & new technical know-how of the Persians origin with them. everywhere Rajasthan displays the most brilliant of colors Textiles : Bandhani or Bandhej is the name of the tie & dye technique used commonly in the region. the fabric is dipped in the desired colour. etc. at fairs & festivals. It is not only during festivals or ceremonies that Rajasthan looks bright. at weddings. Some of the traditional design are rakhri. Woolen Namda of Tonk (non woven) are equally popular. in the temple. bajub&.Art & Crafts Rajasthan handicraft is richest in India. gajra. jod. on the streets. Carpets & Durries : The hand knotted woolen carpets of Tonk. Jewelry : Rajasthan is rich in jewelry. Rajasthan became a major canter for production of fine kind of jewelry It was a true blend of the Mughal with the Rajasthani craftsman ship. in a way that it makes some pattern. After the tying is done. During Mughal Empire. Today even designer hand-bags with graphic embroideries make a good buy. it is everyday. gokhru. rituals & ceremonies. Men also wear ornaments in the form of chockers & earrings. each area having it's own unique style. metal & Stone are used by today’s craft persons to create decorative & utility items that shoppers often find irresistible. the ties are opened & the amazing designs come to reality. By the side of the well. this technique has a self explanatory name. known as different schools of painting. The traditional cotton durries of Jaipur. at the village haat. Jodhpur are. are generally based on Persian styles. Some well-known schools of painting are Marwar. simply crafted silver jewelry . The threads prevent the tied area from absorbing the colour & hence the desired pattern is realized. bala. The fabric is tied at various places with the help of a thread. is a part the ‘colour belt’ of western India. These can brighten any dullest floor. Bikaner & Jaipur. Different regions maintain their own style. tribal women wear heavy. The Land of the Kings. Leather-ware : Particularly jooties with embroidered uppers are famous & popular. Miniature paintings : Of the finest quality continue to be executed in Rajasthan – both on paper & on large pieces of cloth. Wood. Mewar . Coming from the Hindi word ‘Bandhan’ meaning ‘to tie’. After it is completely dried. mostly in pastel shades with geometrical motifs design.
there are songs for the children called the Saanjhi & the Ghulda. brass.leather.glass lac & textiles & create records by creating the most wonderful & rare architectural specimenin the world. There are a lot of festivals & fairs that make this state a important one when it comes to pulling tourists. There are so many monuments of historical importance in this state.There are certain songs which are sung through out the night to thank the particular deities for whom that festival is celebrated. One will find that this is the only state that boasts of craftsmen who specialize in stone . During the festivals. clay. The people of this state are extremely humble & hospitable. the people of this place are also rich in the field of handicrafts & this is not limited to any one particular field. As this state is culturally rich.wood.Malookdas & Meera. The hard life of the desert dwellers made them seek means of making life more pleasant by developing their artistic .The famous Holi songs are really foot tapping & create a lot of dhamaal in the celebrated regions. the birth of a child or the visit of the son-in-law. The fairs of this state are world famous. the festival of colours is celebrated with a lot of excitement in this state. The Fairs & festivals of this state bring a lot of life into the lives of the people of this state.The songs of some of the famopus poets are very famous like Kabir. The festivals of this state are a time for the people to get together & rejoice & also exhibit the rich cultural tradition of this state. They are very hard working & steardy as they can endure the extreme climatic condition of this place. all these ceremonies call for variety of songs.Some of the favourite songs that are sung all the time are Panihari Endoni & the famous Kurjan-Digipuri-ka raja & even the Rasiya song of the braj region.These songs are orchestrated by simple musical instruments like the Baara & Algoza that give these songs a great melodious support. Men & Women sing a lot of devotional songs as well as festive songs during the festivals The people of this state believe in enjoying their festivals to the hilt & they sing a lot of devotional songs during the festivals. this state has a very alluring history & is extremely rich in heritage. the people of this state celebrate in their own grand style. ivory. Situated in the Northen side if the country.Culture of Rajasthan A lot has been said & talked about the culture & tradition of this state as this is one of the most important tourist states of India. Be it a marriage ceremony.Holi.
Even during the British rule. The people who are wanderers & sing ballads are called the Bhopas who sing about the Marwar folk hero-Pabuji. the handsome & awesomely brave people. Kalbelias. Rajasthan as a state has a lot of very important . Also known by other names like Mirasis.talents. Yet today the tales of the chivalrious Rajput warrior kings like Prithviraj Chauhan. That they were of foreign origin is suggested by the elaborate genealogies that the Brahmins (the priest of the Indian Varna or caste system) created to accord them the Kshatriya (warrior) caste. Langas. There are many singing communities in Rajasthan known as the Dholis. especially during the Desert Festivals (Jan-Feb). Sargaras. Kamads. just as they lost its meaning. The best flavor of this rich artistic talent can be savored during various fairs & festivals of the state. Rana Kumbha. Manganiyars. a mountain in Rajasthan. the Rajputs certainly were the living image of the state where they were worshipped as the mighty. the Rajputs were given the due respect they deserved & gained importance with 21 gun salutes. royal polo matches & durbars.The legendary stories of their valour still do the rounds of the mother & the child during the sleeping hours. Today their musician be heard all over the state & are popular even on the national & international circuits. continue to echo in the golden sands of the state in the people's folklore. & these people travel from village to village with their phad painting & rawan hahha entertaining people with their ballad. the sun (Suryavanshi or the Sun Family) & the moon (Chandravanshi or the Moon Family).. music & dance. So because of this extremely rich historical base. the Pushkar Fair (Oct-Nov). Which status they always insisted upon with almost undue vehemence. Whatever was their origin. & Bhappa Rawal. The Bhat & Charans are bards. the noble. Music & Dances of Rajasthan The origin of the Rajputs remains somewhat in doubt. the Marwar Festival (Sept-Oct) & the Camel Festival (Jan-Feb). Dhadhis. Nayaks or Thotis & the Bawaris. There are many traditional communities who are professional performers & their skills are handed down from generation to generation. who could inspire the Rajput warriors with accounts of heroic deeds by whipping up patriotic flavor or even ridiculing the royal families with their satire. The Rajputs traced their lineage from a mythical fire atop Mt Abu. When India became independent 23 princely states were combined to form the State of Rajasthan or the abode of rajas & now has become the foremost destination in India. (Agni Kula or the Fire Family). Jogis.
The people of this state have adopted to the new ways of the world & with education reaching to the grass root levels. lac.colourful lifestyles of the people. with more cosmopolitan crowd filtering in to the state. the lifestyles of the people of thisstate have changed too. Changing Times: As times have changed. has to just check into one of the several palace hotels that will. whether it is a local fair or breathtaking view. one can organize his or her own it nary. a Land of amazing natural beauty that can fascinate even the most seasoned traveller.palaces & forts which give this state that edge for monumental history over the other Indian states. clay. Stone. particularly when you escape from the popular tourist destinations you will come across the unexpected. The Accommodation part for you could be a beautiful palace hotel or a small heritage hotel in the countryside. Today. Beneath the surface. Rajasthan has a wide variety of shopping complexes which cater to every type of taste & purse. the ways & habitats of the people are also changing. This state is very famous for its deserts. & at very reasonable prices. So if any tourist seeking a royal treatment. leather. & from season to season. friendly & humble. The craftsmen here have been creating the most opulent & richest of treasure. Wherever you travel. Tourists can choose from the large variety on display. It is a Land of surprises. make their wishes come true. This is also because of the tourists inflow to the state. glass. silver. & if you want to move away from the regular tourist itenary. But they form only part of an intricate tapestry. The mood & the rhythm of the countryside changes from one region to another. a guesthouse or a village hut whichever you & your purse can manage. the Government encourages the local handicrafts as well as the small-scale industries & retail outlets have been set up in the major cities. wood ivory. It is among the richest states in the country as far as handicrafts are concerned. the Landscapes & the humbleness & hard-working attitude of the people. Whether it is the cities with a westernized life style or the villages. you will always find the people warm. the mind set of the people is also changing. Each little village had its own mohulla of craftsmen who were patronised by the local people as well as visitors to the village. expect to find many contradictions. Cuisine . brass. gold & textiles are given the most brilliant forms.
Rajasthan Cuisines were influenced by the geomorphology & political conditions of the region. gatta ki sabzi & pakodi. almonds. In the desert zones of Jaisalmer. buttermilk & clarified butter & liberal use of spices especially red chilly powder to compensate for the lack of water &fresh vegetables. The people use more of milk. . Mishri Mawa. Alwar for Mawa & Bharatpur for Sweets made from milk. Fascinating Rajasthan Cuisines also comprises of a lot of sweet dishes. food that requires the minimum of water is prefer. The Kachchwaaha family of Jaipur is the originator of the delicacy called Safed Maans or white meat. Various fascinating chutneys are made from locally available spices like turmeric. ker etc. Lentils are also powdered to prepare mangodi. The region of Jodhpur is famous for Makhaniya Lassi. The preparation is white in color & is prepared from white mutton. Pushkar for Malpua. The region of Bikaner is famous for its spicy Aloo Bhujiya. hot green masala chilies & Laddoos. baati or baked wheat balls & churma or powdered sweetenedcereal. Papads & Rasgulla. ginger & garlic. white pepper & poppy seeds. Kalak& & Ghevar of Jaipur are also very famous. The region of Jaisalmer is famous for Laddoos. Therefore Rajasthanis preferred food that could last for several days once prepared & could be eaten with out the need to heat. The region of Mewar or Udaipur is believed to have come up the form of barbecue called Sooley & Dil Jani. Kachoris. Ajmer for Sohan Halwa. Besides. onion. The availability of all types of food was a rarity here & the preservation of the food was the main criteria because of the desert conditions & war situations. Fascinating Rajasthan Cuisines varies from region to region with different castes & different regions having slightly different preferences. The people of Rajastan also prefer non-vegetarian food perhaps due to lack of easy availability of fresh vegetables. Barmer & Bikaner. badi & papad. kheechdi & rotis. The curry is prepared from cashew nuts. Scarcity of water & lack of fresh green vegetables effected the Rajasthani cooking & resulted in a very different kind of cuisine. dried mangoes. mint. Dried lentils or beans from plants like sarigri. Gram flour is a major ingredient here & is used to make some of the fascinating delicacies like khata. fresh coconut kernel paste. are used more often. cori&er. The most fascinating Rajasthani recipe is the combination of dal or lentil. Bajia & corn are used over a large area of the state to prepare rabdi.
The Climate of Rajasthan: Influencing several theories on the Best Time to Visit Rajasthan. with a comparatively higher level of humidity which is to set the stage for the next season or the monsoons. the winters in Rajasthan stretch between the months of December to March. Perhaps. when the tourist attraction of Rajasthan reaches an all time high.Climate of Rajasthan Nestled in the foot hills of the Aravalli Mountain Range. the entirety of the province of Rajasthan is resplendent in its rich & varied culture. The monsoons make this already beautiful province prettier than ever by adding their cool moisture to the hot. The Land of the Rajputs. the only hill station of Rajasthan. golden sands of the Thar Desert. a Tour to Rajasthan is considered to be a definite must include if you are planning a tour itinerary to India. The period between the months of July to September sees the mercury dropping to a more moderate temperature. Thus. The hill station of Mount Abu. . one of the most pleasant times to visit Rajasthan. a culture that has been influenced to a large extent by the varied topography of Rajasthan which has also influenced the Climate of Rajasthan. remains a blessed exception in this mercurial madness with temperatures at this important tourist destination of Rajasthan hovering around comfortable lows. the climate of Rajasthan can be divided into four basic sub divisions which are: Summers Monsoon Post-Monsoons Winters Summers which are hot & dry is considered to be the hottest period in Rajasthan with the temperature rising to almost as high as 45 degrees Celsius at its highest. which often sees a temperature drop that is as drastic as 0 degrees Celsius. which can help you. which adds an even greater incentive in planning a trip to Rajasthan during this period. however. January is seen to be the coolest month of the year. if you are planning a holiday in Rajasthan. it is best to be prepared with some of the main points of the Rajasthan General Info. understand the province as well as know its attractions even better.
To the outer world. . The mixture & brilliance of Rajasthan's architectural heritage can amaze a visitor.Architectural Heritage The country of Temples & Monuments. The Rajputs were prolific builders & have dotted the arid Aravali Landscape with their legacy of some most imposing & magnificent forts & palaces in the world. A country so different from the rest in the world. Majestic forts. the state of Rajasthan is again a jewel in the necklace of this adventurous country India. this state is basically famous for its vast deserts & rich cultural & traditional heritage & artifacts. This vibrant & striking region is the home of the Rajput warrior clans who had ruled here for many years. Rajasthan is situated in the north part of the country & is most famous for its deserts. that's what INDIA is. a country which is blessed with Nature & a country which can boast of a lot of peace & tranquility entices every single individual in the world to pay a visit to this wonderful Mystical & Mesmerizing place. country having a rich tradition & culture & a country with a lot of diversity. Today the structures defy time to tell the story of gallantry. courage & tragedy of the bygone era & its story of survival in the harsh Thar Desert. intricately carved temples & havelis (meaning mansion) & even step well make Rajasthan a paradise for an architecture buff. The desert state of Rajasthan is a Land of irony & extremes. & in this country. Rajasthan is also home to some of India's most romantic cities.
There is also a small but affluent community Shiaite Muslims known as Bhoras in southeastern Rajasthan. & other gods & goddesses. The Meo & the Banjara are travelling tradesmen & artisans.5 million. In the north & west. Shakti. Chittaurgarh. They are proud of their martial reputation & of their ancestry. Nathdwara is an important religious centre for the Vallabhacharya sect of Krishna followers. While the Mahajan (the trading class) is subdivided into a large number of groups. Hinduism. Islam. some of these groups are Jain. inhabit the districts of Bhilwara. a reforming sect of modern Hinduism. The Muslims form less than 10% of the population & most of them are Sunnis. Dhulev. Ranakpur. Banswara. Jaipur. The Rajputs though represent only a small proportion of the populace are the most influential section of the people in Rajasthan. is generally practised through the worship of Brahma. the religion of the State's second largest religious community. The nomadic Rabari or Raika are divided in two groups the Marus who breed camels & Chalkias who breed sheep & goats. Vishnu. they generally make & repair agricultural & household implements. Rajasthan has a large indigenous populace Minas (Minawati) in Alwar.Tribals Rajasthan according to the 2001 census has a population of 56. & Dholpur areas. the Jat & Gujar are among the largest agricultural communities. as well as other forms of that religion. & Karera are the chief centres of Jain pilgrimage. expanded in Rajasthan with . Jainism is also important. The Gadia Lohar is the Lohar meaning ironsmith who travels on Gadia meaning bullock carts. The Dadupanthi forms another important religious sect the followers of Dadu (d. Sahariyas are found in the Kota district. The Gujars who are Hindus dwell in eastern Rajasthan. & lifelong celibacy. & the Rabaris of the Marwar region are cattle breeders. & Sirohi & are famous for their skill in archery. Mahavirji. total abstinence from intoxicating liquor. Shiva. Dungarpur. There are also followers of the Arya Samaj. The Grasia & nomadic Kathodi live in the Mewar region. it has not been the religion of the rulers of Rajasthan but has followers among the trading class & the wealthy section of society. The Oswals hail from Osiyan near Jodhpur are successful traders & are predominately Jains. Udaipur. strict vegetarianism. the religion of most of the population. The Bhils are one of the oldest peoples in India. 1603). Bharatpur. who preached the equality of all men. while others are Hindu.
Every part of the state. revealing a vast range of arts & crafts. reserving the more delicate versions for visitors. The amazing use of clay in the form of sculpture & decorative arts. & soldiers settled there. & Muslim traders. Today. craftsmen. wood. Entire villages practice crafts . Zari..the painters. Rajasthan's markets spill with an exciting array of goods: paintings. leatherware & terracotta. Mughal & the different Rajasthani shailis (school of art) & more are piled up. which is a treat for the visuals & are ready to be picked.sometimes a vast spectrum. fabrics & textiles. It has something for almost every kind of traveler. designed by the age old families of skilled artisans. dhurries & carpets. Shopping A magical sojourn reverberating with age old culture & traditions. & the village cobbler makes thick-soled shoes for the farmers. on other occasions just a single skill that can range from dhurrie weaving to terracotta products. The range is unparalleled even while it is sophisticated in its simplicity. jewellery. Beads. These traditions once helped to form the different layers of a self-supporting society in villages & towns.the conquest of Ajmer by Muslim invaders in the late twelfth century. Gota. Zardosi. soft-as-gossamer quilts. etc. The Bazaars spill with products & there is a magnificent glow of colours all over. Intricate work carved on handicrafts or the wonders of gems & stones. Banarasi. . Most crafts are still practiced because they find use in local society . The State's population of Christians & Sikhs is small. the paintings from different schools like Miniature. every town.. for example. & it is this that has ensured their survival. the state enfolds in its lap a diverse kaleidoscope of breathtakingly beautiful & fascinating art-de-facts. metal & stone sculpture. Khwajah Muin-ud-Din Chishti. revealing the medieval splashes & recording historic & dramatic events. clay pottery & blue pottery. it has it all & even more like the colours dancing on the textiles & fabrics with silver or gold threads settings & complimented with the variety of Silk-threads. the Muslim missionary. Almost capturing the senses! The age old art of dyes & colours hold the centre of attraction. every village is associated with the rich heritage of craftsmanship so particular to Rajasthan. still do frescos on temple walls. had his headquarters at Ajmer.
Famous for its havelis.Barmer and surrounding areas offer perfect picture of typicalRajasthani villages. •Jodhpur .Highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan. •Shekhawati .This town near Udaipur hosts the famous temple of Shrinathji. famous for its rich history and royalarchitecture. •Pushkar . you could spend days simply exploring the world of the artisan.Famous for its golden fortress.Located are small towns such as Mandawa and Ramgarh withfrescoed havelis between 100 years to 300 years old. •Bikaner . •Ranthambore Situated near Sawai Madhopur. •Nathdwara . puppets dangle from strings. Famous for 11thcentury Dilwara Jain Temples. palaces and temples. embroidered footwear brightens up stores.Little bells dance in the breeze. •Udaipur .Large Jain Temple complex with near 1444 pillars and exquisitemarble carvings. havelis and some of the oldest JainTemples and libraries. lights glow in huge glass candelabra & gemstones spill across pavements: in Rajasthan's treasure-trove. this town has one of the largestand most famous national parks in India.Fortress-city at the edge of the Thar Desert. •Barmer . •Ranakpur . famous for its blue homesand architecture.Known as the "Venice” of India.It has the first and one of the very few Brahma temples in the world.The capital of Rajasthan. •Mount Abu . Famous Tourist Attraction •Jaipur . •Jaisalme r . .
play the regal game of polo. Gangaur Festival. (Mahalakshmi or the goddess of wealth). Jaipur A festival devoted to Goddess Parvati. January is just the right month for a desert spree. The elephants move with poise in pageant. In the camel country Bikaner. Rajasthan in Bikaner every year. . Groomed flawlessly. Kaila Devi Fair The annual fair of Kaila Devi. Art & Culture. to the north-west of Kaila village. lasting for a fortnight. & finally participate in the spring festival of Holi.Rajasthan Fairs & Festivals Camel Festival A lively & colourful event. The temple of Kaila Devi is located on the banks of the Kalisil river in the hills of Trikut. these desert leviathans pull heavy cart loads. Elephant Festival. the consort of Lord Shiva. the Camel Festival is organised by the Department of Tourism. & Bikaner just the right place to see the Ships of the Desert. run races. transport grain & even work at the wells. Jaipur The Elephant Festival is an inimitable event held annually in Jaipur. Dedicated to goddess Gauri (Parvati). the festival commences on Holi/ Young girls pray for rooms of their choice while married women seek a long life for their husbands. rows of elephants do a catwalk before an enthralled audience liked best fashion models to make this festival an amazing one. Ishar & Gangaur are the divine male & female ho embody marital love. the empty sands around Jaisalmer come alive with the brilliant colour. The festival is organised by the tourist authorities as tourist entertainment around January-February. is held at the village Kaila (24 kms to the south west) in Karauli district in the month of Chaitra (Mar-Apr). music & laughter of the Desert Festival. 2 Kms. Desert Festival Once a year in winters & on the middle of the continually rising & falling stark yellow sands of the great Thar Desert.
Pushkar Fair. Pushkar is also known for its annual Pushkar fair. Ajmer The urs. a prighly respected sufi saint fondly revered as the benefactor of the poor. Pushkar Pushkar is a small holy town in Rajasthan located at about 135 km from Jaipur & 10 km from Ajmer. The Pushkar Lake situated here is considered to be one of the holiest pilgrimage sites in India. popularly known as Gareeb Nawaz. is the place where the Saints mortal remains lie burried & is the site of the largest Muslim Fair in India. acommomerative celebration is held in the solemn memory of Khwaja Muin-nddin Chisti. which has a religious as well as traditional character. being an important pilgrimage center for Hindus. Teej Festival Teej is the festival of swings. . Swings are hung from trees & decorated with flowers. It marks the advent of the monsoon month of Shravan (August). The Dargah Sharif in Ajmer. Besides. The monsoon rains fall on the parched Land & the pleasing scent of the wet soil rises into the air. Urs Fair.
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