In most cases, thousands of general category candidates with basic merit are competing for a few hundred seats. The number of reserved seats are Reservations result in denial limited to a few tens. Thus the maximum "loss" due to reservations is of seats to those with merit highly limited. Most general category candidates with merit lose out only in the General Category because the number of candidates with merit far outstrips the number of available seats. The reservations are at the entry stage. Each reserved category student has to later qualify in the examination before becoming a doctor or engineer. The "merit" required for qualifying to be a doctor or engineer is NOT Reservations result in lowered by reservations. This is the reason why many reserved category diluting the quality of students take longer to complete the course -- as also are some times professionals (by letting in withdrawn from the course. For this very reason, the students who pass out those with lower marks) from private colleges (where they got in by paying money, not having got the marks to get into government colleges) too do not result in significant lowering of quality of professionals. The reality is that, many fit candidates are today denied opportunity simply because of shortage of seats We do have enough money and resources. It is vested interests (such as a section of the Indian Medical Association) who have been lobbying with India does not have the the government NOT to increase the number of seats -- because in their money or resources to myopic vision, this would create too many professionals in the country. increase the number of seats The fact is that India is woefully short of professionals -- particularly of in our professional colleges doctors. The number of doctors per 1000 people is very low -- this adversely affecting public health. The social inequity in India (in terms of underrepresentation of some This is a racist (or casteist, if you may) stand that we need to reject identifiable communities outright within the elite) is due to general lack of merit of the concerned community. When the seats are in short supply (as they are grossly so, these days), a lot of individuals who are "deserving" end up not getting admissions that they Granting political equality deserve. This would remain so even if there are no quota seats! The to each individual Indian principle of "political equality" is valid only when the number of seats will result in every one match the number of those who deserve to get seats; and only when the getting what they deserve problem of glaring economic inequity has been successfully tackled by society. Reservations on economic criteria are okay; but not based on caste. We are all Indians Both economic and caste criteria will need to be considered for social upliftment measures by the government. We cannot "claim" to be Indians (in a colour-blind, caste-blind way) where college admissions are concerned, and yet continue to have rigid castes on ground, whose

by asking for the diversity. religions. The truth is that there are many sincere people on both sides -. But wouldn't that be socialism? This is true in India. and is voluntary -at least in a nominal sense.anywhere in the world.but by and large. I have no doubt that we will continue to ask for a person's caste and religion at least for the purpose of marriage -. caste backgrounds. We will need to build our country's unity within this India. the opposition to reservations is based on a misinformed sense of hurt or casteist feelings. AA has created a large "creamy layer" of blacks -. This is so because. Hiding of facts from census reports has never succeeded in preserving a country's unity! Those who oppose reservations are free from casteist considerations -while those who support reservations are casteist. It has ALWAYS been such ineqitous cornering of resources that has divided countries -. . Since 1965. On the other hand. The only solution is to increase the number of seats.members do not even inter-marry! This is an argument of convenience.. as it has been in the US too. Let us accept reality -. cultural and caste communities who would not Reservations will divide normally ensure that Indians no single identifiable group would corner social resources disproportionate to their numbers. but will further increase the shortage groups in the general category.and have no personal axe to grind. Reservations in India WITHIN the quota group. and penalizes organizations who are lax in different from Affirmative implementing AA by withdrawing government contracts. linguistic. the selection is always based on merit. How can primarily benefit the creamythis be otherwise? We can "skim out" the cream from the quota groups -layer within the eligible this will benefit the reserved groups. or vote hungry The fact is that opposition to reservations is narrowly confined to (almost only) those from the "general category".for a very very long time to come. It would seem that they now would need to introduce an "economic criterion" too in their AA. I do not believe that these real cultural diversities need to "divide India". professions and economic groups.though bulk of the blacks still remain ghettoized. Most people in the general category castes who support reservations are NOT politicians -. It is true that AA in the US works without fixed quotas. The government Reservations (in India) are periodically conducts audits. support for reservations is broadbased. Tax breaks too Action (in the US) are offered to encourage AA. Is that what we want? I don't think so. I feel that it is important that we collect and maintain hard data caste of people. But in practice. institutions and private companies have set up quota targets for themselves.that we are a country of many identifiable religious.. We are all regarding the caste & religious composition of our people -. and come from people of all communities.

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