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Tugas Struktur Baja II

1.

A floor system has the following characteristic : Span length =* =* = Beam spacing = * =* = Slab thickness=* =* = in ft + in + in ft + ft + ft ( ) + ft + ft

Load to be supported before the concrete cure are The superimposed loads consist of a 20 psf construction load, a partition load of 20 psf, and a live load of 125 psf a. Use floor system. , and select a W shape for a fully composite

b. Select shear connector and show your recommended layout on a sketch similar to the one in Figure 9.13. c. Compute the deflections that occur before and after the concrete has cured d. If the live load deflection exceeds L/360, select another steel shape.

Answer

Slab

:(

/12) (150)

= =

psf (10) = lb/ft

Weight per linear foot Construction load

= 20 (10)

= 200 lb/ft

( the beam weight will be accounted for later ) Load to be supported after the concrete cure are

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) ( ) ( )

)(

Try a nominal depth of d = 16 inches. From equation 9.4 , the estimed beam weigth is ( ( ) ( )( ) ) ( )

Try a . Check the unshored steel shape for loads applied before the concrete cures (the weight of the slab, the weight of the beam, and the construction load.) ( ( From the )( ) ) ( )

table,
( )

( ok ) After the concrete cures and composite behavior has been achieved,

)(

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Before computing the design strength of the composite section, we must first determine the effective slab width, for an interior beam, the effective width is the smaller of

Use b = 120 in, for full composite behavior, the compressive force in the concrete at ultimate ( equal to the horizontal shear at the interface between the concrete and steel will be the smaller of

(
Or

( )(

)(

Use

. The depth of the compressive stress block in the slab is.


( )( )

And the moment arm of the internal resisting couple is

The design flexural strength is

)(

)
( ok )

Check the shear

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From the

table { * * * ( ( ) )( +
( ok )

} + )( )( )+

Answer

use a

The modulus of elasticity of the concrete will be needed for the shear connector design. From example 9.5, with fc = 4 ksi. Try in x 2 in. studs (

(
)

, for normal weight concrete

Maximum diameter =

< ok >

From AISC Equation 15 -1. The shear strength. Of one connector is ( ( ) ( ) )

)= 11.78 kips > 11.582 kips , use

The number of studs required between the end of the beam and midspan is use 64 for half the beam, or 128 total

And Minimum longitudinal spacing is 6d = 6 ( 0.5 ) = 3 in Minimum transverse spacing is 4d = 4 ( 0.5 ) = 2 in = 32 in

Maximum longitudinal spacing is 8t = 8 ( 4 )

If one stud is used at each section. The approximate spacing will be

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This spacing is between the upper and lower limits and is therefore satisfactory Answer. Use the design shown in figure 9.13

W18 x 35, A992 steel Slab thickness t = 3.8136 in. and effective width b = 120 in fc = 4 ksi Loads applied before the concrete cures include the weight of the slab, or ( 3.8136 /12(150) = psf.(although normal , weight concrete weight 145 psf. Recall that reinforced concrete is assumed to weight 150 psf). For a beam spacing of ft, the dead load is 47.67(4.767) + Beam weight = lb/ft

= 50.00 lb/ft lb/ft

Dead load applied before concrete cures is W d =

lb/ft (slab plus beam) lb/ft

The construction load is Construction load is W const = 20 (4.767) = Live load is W L = 125 (4.767) = lb/ft

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Partition load is W part = 20 (4.767) =

lb/ft lb/ft and

Immediate deflection. For the beam plus the slab, w = ( ( ( ( )( )( ) ) )( )( ( ) ) )

the construction load is w = ( ( ( ( )( ) )( ) )(

lb/ft ) )( ( ) )

The total immediate deflection is

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For the remaining deflection, the moments of the transformed section will be needed. For a normal weight concrete and fc = 4ksi,

E =W
c

1.5 c

f ' c (145)1.5 4 3492 ksi, and the modular ratio is

The effective width is

Figure 9.14 Shows the corresponding transformed section. The computations for the neutral axis location and the moment of inertia are summarized in table 9.4 The deflection caused by the partition weigth is ( ( ( ( )( )( ) ) )( )( ) ) ( )

The deflection caused by the live load is ( ( ( ( )( )( ) ) )( )( ( ) ) )

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y=

Ay 284.254 3.953 y 71.900

The following is a summary of the deflection : Immediate deflection, before composite behavior is attained :

Deflection after composite behavior is attained, with partition, but no live load :

The total deflection, with live load :

And
( )

(ok )

The deflection is satisfactory

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2. Batang tekan komposit seperti pada gambar P9.10 2 diberi penahan pada tengah tengah kolom dalam arah sumbu lemah saja. Hitung kekuatan desain tegangan luluh baja dan kuat tekan beton fc = 8 ksi. Mutu baja tulangan grade 60 ( = 55 ksi ) Answer The modified values and will be determined from AISC Equation 12 1 and 12 -2. Values needed for these equations are , the limiting value imposed by AISC 12.1 ( ) ( For fc = 8000 psi ( ) )

From AISC Equation 12 -1, the modified yield stress is ( ( ) )( ) ( ) ( )( )

From AISC Equation 12 -2, the modified modulus of elasticity is ( ) ( )( )

The radius of gyration to be used in the corapression member equation of AISC. Chapter E will be either r for the steel shape or 0.3b, whichever is larger. In this example, bukling will be about the y axis of the member, so r for the shape = 0.3b = 0.3(20) . In the plane of buckling, = 6 in (controls)

Therefore . The design strength can now be computed as for a composite compression member by using the modified values in place of

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( )

)(
)

The nominal strength is ( )

And the design strength is ( 0.3h = 0.3(21) = ) . In the plane of buckling, in (controls)

Therefore . The design strength can now be computed as for a composite compression member by using the modified values in place of

( )

)(
)

The nominal strength is ( )

And the design strength is ( )

the compressive design strength is

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3. An 80 foot long plate girder is fabricated from a

web

and two 3 inch x 22 inch flanges. Continuous lateral support is provided. The steel is A572 Grade 50. The loading consists of a uniform service dead load of 1.0 kips/ft ( including the weight of the girder), a uniform service live load of 2.0 kips/ft, and a concentrated service live load of 500 kips at midspan. Stiffeners are placed at each end and at 4 feet, 16 feet, and 28 feet from each end. One stiffener is placed at midspan. Verify that the flexural strength is adequate. Answer

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