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MEDA Initiative on Energy Conservation Act in Maharashtra

Hemantkumar H. Patil
Manager (Energy Conservation), MEDA

MAHARASHTRA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY


(An ISO 9001, 14001 Organisation)
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MAHARASHTRA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

Government of Maharashtra Undertaking Registered in 1985 under the Societies Registration Act Governing Body

Chairman Minister of Non Conventional Energy


Member Secretary - Director General, MEDA Ex -Officio Members Secretaries of Various Departments such as Energy, Planning, RDD, Industries, Agriculture, Finance and MD, MSE Holding Company Ltd.

OBECTIVES OF MEDA
Promote and Develop, Non-conventional, Renewable and Alternate Energy Sources and Technologies

Implement Energy Conservation Act , 2001 and related schemes


Assist GOI and GOM in Renewable Energy Programs Install Demonstration Projects

Pursue Power Projects, based on Renewable Energy


Rural Electrification through Renewable Energy (remote villages)

FOSSIL FUELS-WORLD & INDIAS RESERVES

Fossil Fuel

Worlds Reserves (Proven) 984 billion tonnes

Indias Reserves (Proven)

% of World Reserves 8%

Remarks on Indian Reserves

Coal

84,414 million tonnes

*will last for 200 years


will last for 16 years
will last for 23 years

Crude Oil
Natural Gas

140.4 billion tonnes


144.8 trillion cubic meter

658 million tonnes


628 billion cubic meters

0.46%
0.43%

TEDDY-2001-2002& MEDA -2012 Perspective Plan prepared by Teri, New Delhi

* As per the today's production rate.

WHY ENERGY CONSERVATION?


Energy is essential input for Economic Development. The more the energy use, more developed is the Nation For any sustainable development programme, conservation and efficient use of energy resources are of paramount importance One unit of energy saved at the consumption level avoids 2.5 to 3 times fresh capacity addition Savings through efficient use of energy can be achieved at less than one-fifth of the cost of fresh capacity creation To give fillip to energy conservation measures, Govt. of India enacted Energy Conservation Act 2001
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DO YOU KNOW?

1 kWh of electricity generated at thermal power station emits 3015 Kcal of waste heat 1Kg of CO2 0.6 Kg of NO2 0.09 Kg of CO 0.007 Kg of SO2 and generates 0.201 Kg of fly ash. 1 MW power plant cost is near about Rs 4.5 to 5 Crores and another cost of about Rs 2 Crores for T & D. To set power plant it takes 5 years, to set up transmission lines it takes1year, To plan energy conservation it takes 1month, To promote energy conservation it takes 1 hour, But to save energy it needs only 1second. 6

Energy modesty as inconvenient truth


Best case future scenario ! India and China 2060

India and China 2060 This scenario may require two resource worlds CHINA INDIA Earth I Earth II
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX, a measure of human well-being, reaches its maximum plateau at about 4000 kWh of annual electricity use per capita. Poverty alleviation is therefore strongly linked to increased electricity consumption up to a certain level.

Convergence and Contraction by ALL


Shadow of possible scenarios

The one

Earth scenario of

convergence and contraction of the energy consumption among industrialized and industrializing Countries

Tools at our disposal

1. Practicing energy modesty


2. Improving energy efficiency 3.Developing renewable energy are three major tools, towards a global sustainable energy future. Question: Which one is the sharpest tool towards a midterm next 50 years sustainable energy policy? Answer is Energy Modesty.
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India Total Primary Energy Supply

Total primary energy supply has increased from about 350 million toe in 1990 to about 580 Mtoe in 2004; an increase of about 2.2% per year

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Future Energy Use in India


Energy demand is increasing due to rising incomes, accelerated industrialization, urbanization and population growth
2003-04 2016-17 2026-27 : : : 572 Mtoe 842-916 Mtoe 1406-1561 Mtoe

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Energy Intensity
Energy Intensity(kilogram of oil equivalent per rupee of gross domestic product) 0.024 0.022

Energy Intensity Trends-2001 to 2031

0.02
0.018 0.016 0.014 0.012 0.01 2001 2006 2011 2016 2021 2026 2031

Year
I-1 I-2 I-3 I-4 I-5 I-6 I-7

I-1- Low growth scenario I-2- Business-as-usual scenario I-3- Aggressive renewable energy scenario I-4- High nuclear capacity scenario I-5- High efficiency scenario I-6- Hybrid scenario I-7- High-growth scenario

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Future Energy Scenarios With Different Strategies


Projected Energy Requirement-2031
2500
Commercial Energy Requirements(Milion tonnes of oil equivalent)

2000

1500

1000

500

0 2001 2006 2011 2016


Year

2021

2026

2031

BAU

I-1

I-2

I-3

I-4

I-1-Enhancing end-use efficiencies I-2-Adopting advanced coal -and gas-based power generating technologies I-3-Enhancing the exploitation of renewable and nuclear energy resources I-4-Enhancing efficiency in the transport sector by modal shifts
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Maharasht Sector-wise break up of Energy Sales in MU (2009-10) ra Overview


Railways 2.67% Public water Works 2.35%

2009-10

Miscellaneous 1.07%

Public Lighting 1.04%

Domestic

Agriculture 17.59%

Domestic 22.96%

Commercial Industrial Agriculture Public Lighting Railways Public water Works

Industrial 39%

Commercial 13.32%

Miscellaneous

POWER SCENARIO OF MAHARASHTRA (as on 31.03.2011) Source CEA, website.


INSTALLED CAPACITY
TOTAL ENERGY SALES PEAK DEMAND PEAK MET PEAK DEFECIT / SURPLUS

22645 MW
81,345 MU 19766 MW 15479 MW -4287 MW (-21.7 %)

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POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION IN STATE


SECTOR / INDUSTRY CONSERVATION POTENTIAL (%) POSSIBLE SAVING IN MUS (ANNUAL)

Industrial Sector

Up to 25

8485

Agriculture Sector

Up to 30

2154

Domestic Sector

Up to 20

3077

Commercial Sector

Up to 30
TOTAL

1942
15658

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Govt. Programs For Addressing Energy Efficiency in Country


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COVERAGE OF EC ACT,2001
Standards and Labeling Mandatory Energy Audits Certified Energy Auditors/Energy Managers Energy consumption norms for industries Energy Conservation Building Codes Awareness and Training Levy penalties Adjudication and appellate procedures

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Energy Conservation Act 2001


Policy
Legal framework for bridging the gap between supply & demand and to reduce environmental emissions through energy saving Establishment of Bureau of Energy Efficiency

Features
Standards & Labelling Designated Consumers Certification of Energy Managers & Accreditation of Energy Auditing Firms Energy Conservation Building Codes Central Energy Conservation Fund Setting up of Bureau of Energy Efficiency

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PROVISION OF REGULATIONS IN EC ACT FOR BUILDINGS


To notify any building as a designated consumer having connected load of 100 KW or contract demand of 120 KVA To Appoint Energy Manager by Designated Consumer

To direct any Designated Consumer to furnish the information to the designated agency
To amend Energy Conservation Building Codes to suit the regional and local climatic conditions (Section 15 of EC Act2001)

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Features of ECBC

ECBC set minimum energy efficiency standards for design & construction. ECBC encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of buildings so that, They are designed , and constructed in a manner that reduces the use of energy It does not constrain the building function , comfort , health, SAFETY or productivity of occupants

Has appropriate regard for economic considerations


The standards are updated periodically to allow incorporation of new energy efficiency technology and methods

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Schemes of BEE under the Energy Conservation Act - 2001


Energy Conservation Building Codes (ECBC) Standards and Labeling (S & L) Demand Side Management (DSM) Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) Promoting Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Designated Consumers Certification of Energy auditors and energy managers

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Overall S & L Programme

The Standards and Labeling (S&L) Programme has resulted in electricity saving of 4350.92 Million units, equivalent to avoided capacity generation of 2179.31 MW in the FY 2009-10. Details are presented in Table 4.10

S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Name of the Product Direct Cool Refrigerators Frost Free Refrigerators Room Air Conditioners Color Television sets Distribution Transformers Ceiling Fans Storage Water Heaters Tubular Fluorescent Lamps (36 Watts) Agricultural Pump Sets TOTAL

Annual Productions/sales 4812741 1594802 2232603 1763849 51612 253886 199814 35728733 69254

Savings in MU 1737.78 892.05 1090.18 147.38 45.77 9.272 25.98 171.49 230.99 4350.92

Savings in MW 317.51 163.22 1455.89 26.96 6.69 1.69 4.75 160.30 42.25 24 2179.31

Demand Side Management (DSM)


DSM means managing of the demand for power, by utilities/distribution companies, among some or all its consumers to meet current or future needs

DSM programs results in energy and/ or demand reduction


Pilot study undertaken by BEE has indicated energy saving potential of 40 % by replacement of inefficient pumps with star rated pump sets. DSM programme covers around 175 municipalities by conducting investment grade energy audits and prepared detailed project reports and the ESCOs are being encouraged to take up the implementation of the programme with the help of financial institutions

Bachat Lamp Yojana (BLY) - DSM initiatives

BLY means Save Lamp Scheme aims at the large scale


replacement of inefficient incandescent bulbs in households by compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) It seeks to provide CFLs to households at the price similar price to that of incandescent bulbs and plans to use the CDM to recover the cost difference between the market price of the CFLs and the price at which they are sold to households The scheme seeks to replace estimated 400 million incandescent

bulbs by CFLs which could save 6000 MW by 2012

Promoting Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) DSM initiative
BEE is implementing a program (BEEs SME Program) to improve the energy performance in selected SME clusters

Objective of the program to accelerate the adoption of energy


efficient technologies and practices in the chosen SME clusters through knowledge sharing, capacity building and development

of innovative financing mechanisms


The project is entirely market driven Examples of clusters Morbi (Ceramics), Solapur (Textile) etc

Designated Consumers (DC


Central Government has notified following 9 energy intensive industries as DC under the EC act 2001

1.Thermal Power Station 2. Fertilizer 3.Cement 4.Iron and Steel 5.Chlor Alkali 6. Aluminum 7.Railways 8.Textile 9.Pulp and Paper

Designated Consumers (DC)


1. 2. 3. As per the Act, designated consumers have to fulfill the following criteria DCs have to appoint energy managers Should get conducted an energy audit by an accredited energy auditor. Should adhere to energy efficient consumption norms stipulated and submit the status of energy consumption information every financial year Every Designated Consumers shall be given target for reducing its specific energy consumption by certain percentage under PAT scheme. In Maharashtra 53 Designated Consumers are identified as per the provisions of EC Act-2001.

4.

5.

Total Saving Potential = M.T. = M.T.O.E. =

11.55 M.T.O.E. Million Tonnes Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent

Source:

National Energy Conservation Award, Industries Association Directories, CEA, TERI Hand Book
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Certification of Energy Managers and Auditors

A cadre of professionally qualified energy managers and auditors with expertise in policy analysis, project management, financing and implementation of energy efficiency projects would be developed through certification and accreditation programme. BEE has design training modules and regularly conducting a

National level examination for certification of energy managers and


energy auditors

Energy Conservation Activities in Maharashtra

Maharashtra Overview
Sector-wise break up of Energy Sales in MU (2009-10)
Railways 2.67% Public Lighting 1.04% Domestic 22.96% Public water Works 2.35%

2009-10
Miscellaneous 1.07%

Domestic Commercial Industrial Agriculture Public Lighting Railways Public water Works Industrial 39% Commercial 13.32% Miscellaneous

Agriculture 17.59%

POWER SCENARIO OF MAHARASHTRA (as on 31.03.2011) Source CEA, website.


INSTALLED CAPACITY
TOTAL ENERGY SALES PEAK DEMAND PEAK MET PEAK DEFECIT / SURPLUS

22645 MW
81,345 MU 19766 MW 15479 MW -4287 MW (-21.7 %)

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POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION IN STATE


CONSERVATION POTENTIAL (%) POSSIBLE SAVING IN MUS (ANNUAL)

SECTOR / INDUSTRY

Industrial Sector

Up to 25

7716

Agriculture Sector

Up to 30

4177

Domestic Sector

Up to 20

3634

Commercial Sector

Up to 30
TOTAL

3164
18692
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* EQUIVALENT TO 2735 MW AVOIDED CAPACITY

ENERGY CONSERVATION SCHEMES

STATE LEVEL ENERGY CONSERVATION AWARD Objective To Instituted state level award scheme Year of commencement 2003-04 Status - Participating industries have saved Rs. 2412 Crores energy bill. Focus Area Industries (Classified in eight sub-sectors), SMEs Commercial
Buildings, Municipal Corporations/ Councils, ESCOs, Energy Auditors, Individuals sectors MIDC, MJP, cooperative industries, Government Building sector, Architects & Builders. This year as per decision of State EC committee Industrial Associations, Transmission & distribution Companies circles added as new categories.
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EC AWARD SCHEME SAVING IN LAST SEVEN YEARS


Sr. No. Year Energy Saved By Participants in Million Units (Electrical & Thermal) Energy Bill Saved in Rs. (Crores)

2003-04

317

205

2
3 4 5 6

2004-05
2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008 -09

400
584 789 964 1031

200
292 394 502 515

2009-10
Total

608
4693.9

304
2412
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ENERGY EFFICIENT STREET LIGHT PROGRAM


Objective - To replace GLS of 100Watt by Energy Efficient Fittings for Street Lighting in villages. Year of commencement 2007-08

Status Upto March, 2011 programme is implemented in 1500


villages with 26,000 street lights and saved the peak load demand of 1.81MW of street lighting.

Focus Area

Villages who participated in Nirmal Gram, Gram

Swachhata Abhiyan, etc.


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WASTE HEAT RECOVERY PROGRAM


Objective About 350 MW can be generated from Waste Heat

available in the Industries. To harness the Potential & Penetration of


technologies , Capacity Building of Sector a financial assistance upto Rs. 1.00 Lacs is available to prepare DPR.

Year of commencement 2007-08


Status Total 10 units have participated in the scheme and 9 eligible units have saved equivalent of 3.10 MW. Focus Area Industries , Govt./ semi Govt. Co38

operative, organizations.

ENERGY CONSERVATION SCHEMES


SAVE ENERGY PROGRAMME Objective - To promote energy efficiency in different sectors by providing
technical and financial assistance for conducting energy audit

Year of commencement 1987-88 Status Total 525 units have undertaken energy audits under this program
and energy savings worth Rs. 67 crores is achieved

Focus Area Industry Sector, Commercial Sector, Govt. Organizations

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Amendment in the Save Energy Programme


Sectors have been expanded with inclusion of following categories, eligible for availing financial assistance for undergoing detailed energy audit:

Residential Complex having minimum transformer rating of 200 kVA and above
Water Pumping stations of rural and urban local bodies having annual energy bill of Rs. 25.00/- lakhs and above Street Lighting systems of rural and urban local bodies having annual energy bill of Rs. 3.00/- lakhs and above. Maximum subsidy amount has been increased from Rs. 25000/- per unit to Rs. 40,000/- per unit.

ENERGY CONSERVATION SCHEMES

Walk Through Energy Audit

Objective - To promote energy efficiency in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) by


providing technical and financial assistance for conducting walk through energy audit

Year of commencement 2009-10 Status


Scheme launched recently for SMEs in the State. Technical Assistance: Prepared a panel of 60 Quality Energy Auditing firms Financial Assistance: Subsidy @ Rs. 3000/- per unit (SME) for undergoing walk through energy audit Upto March, 2011 WTA in 312 SMEs have been completed

Focus Area Small and Medium Enterprises in the State.


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SCHEME FOR DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS IN GOVERNMENT/ SEMI GOVERNMENT/ URBAN LOCAL BODIES

Specifically designed for implementation of energy conservation demonstration projects and demonstration of energy conservation technologies. MEDA will provide maximum financial assistance of Rs. 25.00 lakhs for implementation of EC demonstration project in Government Building. MEDA will also provide necessary technical assistance for the project. The technical assistance will be provided for conducting the detailed energy audit of the building through MEDA empanelled energy audit consultant. Scheme focused on replacement of old/ inefficient equipments with equipments based on latest technology.

Use of Renewable energy based equipments and energy monitoring devices shall also be promoted in the scheme.

Scheme for Municipal Councils/ Municipal Corporations/ Maharashtra Jeevan Pradhikaran

Scheme designed for Municipal Councils/ Corporations/ Maharashtra Jeevan Pradhikaran.

Municipal

Specifically designed for improving energy efficiency of water pumping and street lighting systems by installation of energy saving devices and energy monitoring systems.
MEDA will provide maximum financial assistance of Rs. 20.00 lakhs for installation of energy saving devices in street lighting systems and Rs. 5.00 lakhs for water pumping systems. MEDA will also provide necessary technical assistance for the project.

SCHEME FOR CAPACITY BUILDING THROUGH AWARENESS PROGRAMMES


Scheme designed for capacity building through awareness programmes to promote energy efficiency in different sectors. Workshops and training programmes will be promoted under this scheme.

These programmes will be organized for various sectors such as Industrial, Commercial Buildings etc and technical staff working with it, Engineers working with Govt./ Semi-Govt., Architects etc.
Main subjects for the programmes will be energy conservation, use of energy efficient technologies, energy conservation building codes, Green buildings, best practices sharing etc. Financial assistance will be given to college level, taluka level, district level and state level programmes.

Financial assistance will be given from Rs. 4500 to Rs. 50000/-.

Implementation of BEEs LED Village Campaign in Maharashtra

LED Village Demonstration Project at Village Hivare Bajar, Tal- Dist- Ahmednagar

LED Village Demo Project


The Village Hivare Bajar at Dist-Ahmednagar was selected under the scheme in Maharashtra. The village is located at central part of Maharashtra & is 130 km from Pune. According to census of 2001, the village has total population of 1141.

Villagers of Hivare Bajar have done excellent work in many areas like soil conservation, water conservation, energy conservation etc.
This village has also received many State & National awards.

LED Street Light Fittings


Total present number of household are of 217 nos. Total number of existing street lights was 35 nos. All street lights were CFLs of 25 Watts. All street lights are changed to LED street lights of 24 Watts. All street light fittings are fitted at 6.0 meter from ground level. Improvement in avg. lux level from 1to 2 lux to 4-6 lux

LED Street Light Fittings


Total 35 numbers of 24W LED Street Light Fittings were procured from Goldwyn Ltd., Noida by tender procedure.

Specifications: Wattage LED lumen Colour temp IP rating P.F. :- 24 W :- 55lm/W :- 4000-50000 K :- IP 65 :- 0.95

LED Bulbs for Household Distribution


Total present number of household are of 217 nos. Out of total 635 lamps, 250 nos. CFLs of 15W, 357 nos. GLS lamps of 60W, 28 nos. FTL lamps of 40W. All 635 existing lamps are replaced by 7W LED bulb. Lamps were distributed by Sarpanch, Hivare Bajar Savings of 40320 units achieved through this demo project.

LED Bulbs for Household Distribution


Total 635 bulbs of 7W were procured from M/s. Goldwyn Ltd., Noida as per tender procedure.

Specifications: Wattage LED lumen Colour temp LED Life Body Light Colour :- 7 W :- 50 lm/W :- 2700 degree K :- >50,000 Hrs. :- Die cast Aluminum Alloy heat sink. :- Yellowish

MEDAs Initiatives for Policy Intervention

INITIATIVES BY MEDA
GoM directed to reduce compulsory 20% energy consumption in all Govt./Semi Govt./ undertakings/ local self Govt. Buildings. (Base line will be consumption of year 2005) Constituted State Level Energy Conservation Committee under the Chairmanship of Principal Secretary (Energy), GoM to guide MEDA for energy conservation activities in the State. Now, Committee is proposed to be reconstituted under Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, GoM. Secretary, Environment, GoM will also be member of this Committee.

PWD has made following provisions compulsory in construction of new buildings To use solar passive strategies. Use of Solar Water heating systems in Govt. rest houses, , hostels hospitals, Use of energy saving equipments.

INITIATIVES BY MEDA
GoM has issued resolution for energy efficiency in Urban local bodies to provide financial assistance for Energy Audit, Water Audit & implementation of report GoM has issued circular and directed to use at 4 star& 5 star equipments, CFL, T-5 Electronic ballasts, Electronic fan regulator in all Govt./semi-Govt., undertakings, Local self Govt. Offices. GoM has issued resolution for mandatory use of solar water heating systems in the Municipal area. With MEDA efforts, VAT on CFL is already reduced from 12.5 % to 4 % and VAT on solar equipments is reduced from 4% to zero. Reduction in VAT results in reduction of cost of CFL which will increase the sale of CFLs. This would result in energy savings of 33MW per year

INITIATIVES BY MEDA
Awareness Campaign: Series of Workshop with FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry) under Progressive Maharashtra Campaign. Under this campaign one day workshops were organised, primarily focussing on energy conservation activities. These workshops were held at Pune, Nagpur, Aurangabad, Thane, Nashik and Mumbai. MEDA played a vital role in organising these workshops. Debate and Elocution Competition: With an objective to create awareness at school level, debate competitions were organised by MEDA with financial assistance from BEE, New Delhi. The competition was arranged at School, District and State Level. Around 5000 students from 28 districts have participated in the State Level Debate Competition. Painting Competition: With an objective to create awareness at school level, painting competition was organised by MEDA as per the instructions of BEE, New Delhi. The competition was arranged at School and State Level. The winners of the State level painting competition have participated at National level painting competition. MEDA 55 played role of catalyst to get maximum participation at school level and State level. Around 12000 students participated at school level.

Energy Conservation Conservation Week:

Day

and

Energy

Every year MEDA celebrates National Energy Conservation day on 14th December and energy conservation week from 14th to 20th December on large scale. Following activities have been taken up in the week for creation of awareness: Industries, Industries association, all government departments, all local government organisations has been asked to celebrate the EC day and EC Week by carrying out activities like: Administer Energy Conservation pledge by employees Display of banner and posters at various locations to create mass awareness Distribution of pamphlets giving tips on energy conservation and energy pledge Energy conservation slogan competition for employees and their wards Seminar for employees on energy conservation activities in the plant

MEDA also distributes leaflets, banners and posters to more than 1000 Government/ SemiGovernment Offices, Designated Consumers and State Level EC Award participants. The promotional material is specifically prepared for celebration of the energy conservation

Immediate Actions Proposed


Establishment of State Energy Conservation Fund.
Features of EC Fund
State EC Committee will be monitoring committee for this Fund EC Fund will be utilised for guarantee fund mechanism for ESCO projects, implementation of Demo projects in various sectors Implementation of Action Plan

Preparation of Action Plan for Commercial Buildings & Industrial Sectors (including SME) Mandatory energy audits in commercial buildings/ hoardings etc. Introduction of new BSc. in Renewable Energy Course. Curriculum preparation is in final stage and course shall soon be introduced.

MEDAs Future Plans


Expansion of EC Department.
Preparation of Sector Specific Action Plans for Commercial, Industrial Sector & initiate implementation. Mandatory purchase of Star labeled pumps in Agriculture sector. Implementation of ESCO projects in Public Health, Medical

Education & other departments.


Creation of guarantee fund, revolving fund mechanism. In first

phase co-operative housing societies, Govt. Buildings will be

covered.
Implementation of ECBC.

MAHARASHTRA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY


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