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SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node

Internal battery FlexPower Node for vehicle detection

Features
The SureCross DX80 is a radio frequency network system built around a Gateway and one or more Nodes. Internal three-axis magnetoresistive-based technology senses three dimensional changes to the Earths magnetic field caused by the presence of ferrous objects Designed to minimize the effects of temperature changes and destabilizing magnetic fields Sensor learns ambient background and stores settings in non-volatile memory FlexPower technology driven off one lithium primary battery integrated into the housing Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) technology and Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) control architecture combine to ensure reliable data delivery within the unlicensed Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) frequency bands Transceivers provide two-way communication between the Gateway and Node, including fully acknowledged data transmission Lost RF links are detected and relevant outputs set to user-defined conditions Sealed housing contains the battery, sensor, and antenna for a completely wireless solution For additional information please refer to Banner Engineerings Web site.

Models
Model
DX80N9X2S0P0Z0 DX80N2X2S0P0Z0

FlexPower
3.6V dc Battery

Frequency
900 MHz ISM Band 2.4 GHz ISM Band

I/O
Internal M-GAGE (no additional I/O points)

WARNING Not to be used for personnel protection


Never use these products for personnel protection. Doing so could lead to serious injury or death. These products do NOT include the self-checking redundant circuitry necessary to allow their use in personnel safety applications. A failure or malfunction can cause either an energized or de-energized product output condition. Consult your current Banner Safety Products catalog for safety products that meet OSHA, ANSI, and IEC standards for personnel protection.

Phone: 800.894.0412 - Fax: 888.723.4773 - Web: www.clrwtr.com - Email: info@clrwtr.com

SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Overview
The M-GAGE sensor uses a passive sensing technology to detect large ferrous objects. The sensor measures the change in the Earths natural magnetic field (ambient magnetic field) caused by the introduction of a ferromagnetic object. The M-GAGE provides a direct replacement for inductive loop systems and needs no external frequency box. Its unique design allows quick installation within a core hole. For best performance, mount the sensor below-grade, in the center of the traffic lane. The M-GAGE also may be mounted above-ground.

Theory of Operation

The sensor uses three mutually perpendicular magnetoresistive transducers, with each transducer detecting magnetic field changes along one axis. Incorporating three sensing elements produces maximum sensor sensitivity. A ferrous object alters the local (ambient) magnetic field surrounding the object, as shown in Figure 1. The magnitude of this magnetic field change depends both on the object (size, shape, orientation, and composition) and on the ambient magnetic field strength and orientation. During a simple programming procedure, the M-GAGE sensor measures the ambient magnetic field. When a large ferrous object alters that magnetic field, the sensor detects the magnetic field changes (anomalies). When the degree of magnetic field change reaches the sensors threshold, the device reports a change of state.
Field A: Baseline magnetic field with slight disturbances caused by permanent ferrousmetal objects within or near the sensor.

Sensor Field of View and Range

The sensor range depends upon three variables:


The local magnetic environment (including nearby ferrous material) The magnetic properties of the object to be sensed Sensor settings

The sensor detects changes in the ambient magnetic field in all directions. As with other sensors, the range depends upon the target. The strong disturbance of a large ferrous object decreases as distance from the sensor increases; the magnitude and shape of the disturbance depends upon the objects shape and content. The sensor can be programmed to react to magnetic field disturbances of greater or lesser intensity, using three adjustments: baseline, threshold, and hysteresis. Note: The sensor continues to sense a vehicle in its sensing field even when the vehicle is stopped.
Field B: After a large object is introduced, the magnetic field changes. The sensor detects the changes in the fields strength and orientation between the ambient field and Field B. If the differential is greater than the sensitivity threshold, the device reports a change of state. Figure 1: Magnetic Detection Overview

Phone: 800.894.0412 - Fax: 888.723.4773 - Web: www.clrwtr.com - Email: info@clrwtr.com

SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Modbus Register Block
I/O Point
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Gateway Modbus Holding Register


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Node Modbus Register


1 + (Node# 16) 2 + (Node# 16) 3 + (Node# 16) 4 + (Node# 16) 5 + (Node# 16) 6 + (Node# 16) 7 + (Node# 16) 8 + (Node# 16) 9 + (Node# 16) 10 + (Node# 16) 11 + (Node# 16) 12 + (Node# 16) 13 + (Node# 16) 14 + (Node# 16) 15 + (Node# 16) 16 + (Node# 16)

DX80 M-GAGE FLEX(Node)


M-GAGE

The M-GAGE value in I/O 1 is the deviation between the total measured magnetic field in the X, Y, and Z axes and the stored baseline. The lowest significant bit (LSB) indicates the discrete on and off value, within the threshold and hysteresis. For example, if the M-GAGE threshold is set to 100, any value returned from the M-GAGE above 100 is equivalent to a discrete ON and the lowest significant bit will be set to 1. There are sixteen Modbus holding registers for each device. Calculate the holding register number for each device using the equation: Register number = I/O# + (Node# 16). Since the Gateway is always Node 0, the Gateways holding registers are registers 1 through 16 while registers for Node 1 are 17 through 32.

Reserved Device Message

Baseline Command Control Message Reserved

Using the equation, the register number for I/O point 15 for Node 7 is 127.

Configuration
All wireless M-GAGE configuration is performed using the Web Configurator and/or Modbus commands. The two sensor parameters are the baseline magnetic field level and sensing thresholds.

Baseline
For a host-connected system, set the baseline magnetic field by writing to a Modbus register. Sending the value of 4096 (0x1000) to the Nodes I/O point 15 (Control Message) triggers the M-GAGE to read the existing magnetic field as the new baseline. For non-host connected systems, use the special M-GAGE Gateway to set the baseline. The inputs of the M-GAGE Gateway are mapped to the M-GAGE Nodes I/O point 14. Activating the Gateways input triggers the M-GAGE to use the existing magnetic field as the new baseline.

Threshold and Hysteresis


The threshold is the value representing the ON point of the device. Hysteresis is the amount below the threshold that establishes the devices OFF position. The M-GAGE Nodes threshold and hysteresis ranges are 0 to 65,535. To determine the threshold, take M-GAGE readings of the test objects at the distance they are likely to be from the sensor. For example, if a car reads 100, a bicycle 15, and a truck reads 200, setting the threshold to 150 will detect only trucks of a specific size. The factory default threshold setting is 100 and default hysteresis is 30 (sensor detects an off condition at threshold minus hysteresis, or 100 - 30 = 70). Magnetic field fluctuations vary based upon the amount of ferrous metal present and the distance from the sensor. Set the threshold and hysteresis using the Web Configurator or Modbus commands.

Phone: 800.894.0412 - Fax: 888.723.4773 - Web: www.clrwtr.com - Email: info@clrwtr.com

SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Parameter Configuration using Modbus Registers
The Modbus holding registers 7, 15, and 16 are used to change device I/O parameters. At the device to be updated, send the appropriate control code and parameter number to register 15 and send the parameter data to register 16. Once the transaction is complete, the system acknowledges the transaction by writing the control code and parameter number to the Nodes register 7.
Reg 7 Reg 15 Reg 16 Ack Control Code [15:8] Control Code [15:8] Write/Read Parameter Data [15:0] Ack Parameter Number [7:0] Parameter Number [7:0]

Control Codes - Modbus Register I/O 15


Control Code
129 161 0x81 0xA1

Use the parameter control codes to write to the specific I/O points of given Node. Parameter Number
8, 9 8, 9

Description
Write I/O 1 Read I/O 1

Parameter Numbers - Modbus Register I/O 15


Parameter
8

Parameter numbers indicate which specific parameters are being changed. Definition
Threshold - (bits 15:0)

Description
Disable: 0. Default: 100. The trigger point or threshold for an analog input. When an analog input is greater than or equal to the active threshold value, a ON or 1 event is reported. If the analog input does not reach the active threshold value, no event change is reported. The parameter is a two byte value between 1 and 65535. Disable: 0 Default: 30. Works with the active threshold parameter to define when to disable event reporting of an analog input. The hysteresis parameter defines how much below the active threshold the input is required to be before the input is considered to be off. The parameter is a two byte value between 1 and 65535.

Hysteresis - (bits 15:0)

Example

To change Node 5s M-GAGE threshold, use control code 129 (Write I/O 1, hex 81), parameter 8, sent to register 15 of Node 5, which is Modbus register 15 + 5 16 = 95 (hex 5E). Send the new parameter setting to Node 5s register 16. Each parameter has specific values defined in the Parameter Number table. The example Modbus command (in hex) to write a value of 640 would read something like the following table.

Description
Modbus Write Multiple Registers Starting Register - 1 Register Count Byte Count Parameter Control Code Parameter Number Write/Read Parameter Data Function

Field Name

Hex Value
10 00 5E 00 02 04 81 08 02 80

Starting Address Hi Starting Address Lo Quantity of Registers Hi Quantity of Registers Lo Byte Count #1 Register Value Hi #1 Register Value Lo #2 Register Value Hi #2 Register Value Lo

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SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Supported Modbus Commands
0 (0x0) Read Holding Registers
The Read Holding Registers command reads the contents of a contiguous block of holding registers in a remote device. The request specifies the starting register address and the number of registers. Registers are addressed starting at zero; registers 1 through 16 are addressed as 0 through 15. The register data in the response message are packed as two bytes per register, with the binary contents right justified within each byte. For each register, the first byte contains the high order bits and the second byte contains the low order bits.

06 (0x06) Write Single Holding Register

The Write Single Holding Register command writes a single holding register in a remote device. The request specifies the address of the register to be written. Registers are addressed starting at zero; register 1 is addressed as 0. The normal response is an echo of the request, returned after the register contents have been written.

16 (0x10) Write Multiple Holding registers

The Write Multiple Holding Registers command writes a block of contiguous registers (1 to approximately 120 registers) in a remote device. The requested written values are specified in the request data field. Data is packed as two bytes per register. The normal response returns the function code, starting address, and quantity of registers written.

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SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Configuration (cont)
The charts within figures 2 and 3 indicate the excess gain for a typical car. Excess gain is the measure of extra signal detected by the sensor in excess of the level needed to detect change in the magnetic fields. Figure 3 illustrates a typical vehicle passing over a sensor mounted underground. Note that the excess gain is greatest when the front bumper is positioned such that the rear axle is directly over the M-GAGE. The graphs represent the default sensitivity threshold levels (solid line) and half the default sensitivity (dotted line). As shown in the table, the excess gain of the default sensitivity is twice that of the other sensitivity.
M-GAGE Distance from vehicle
800 700

Top View

(default)

M-GAGE Reading

600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 0.5 m (1.6') 1.0 m (3.2') 1.5 m (4.8') 2.0 m (6.4')
Threshold Output OFF
7.3 m (24')
Output OFF Output ON Threshold

Side View
M-GAGE

2.5 m (8.0')

NOTE: Sensor orientation is not a factor.

Distance from Vehicle Side

Figure 2: Sensor mounted one meter (.2 ft) above the ground.
-2.4 m (-8') -1.2 m (-4') 0 1.2 m (4') 2.4 m (8') 3.7 m (12') 4.9 m (16') 6.1 m (20') 7.3 m (24')

Top View

M-GAGE
600

M-GAGE Reading

500 400 300 200 100 0 -2.4 m -1.8 m -1.2 m -0.6 m (-8') (-6') (-4') (-2') 0m 0.6 m 1.2 m 1.8 m (2') (4') (6') 2.4 m (8') 3.1 m 3.7 m 4.3 m (10') (12') (14') 4.9 m (16') 5.5 m (18') 6.1 m (20') 6.7 m (22')
(default)

Side View

Vehicle Front Bumper Position

6 m (19') vehicle depicted 0.25 m (0.8')

M-GAGE

Figure : Sensor mounted 0.25 meters (0.8 ft) below the ground.

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Output ON

SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Installation

Determine the geometric center of the space the vehicle would normally occupy and mark this location as the center of the hole. Score the asphalt in an 8-inch square around the center point.

Using an 8-inch masonry or diamond blade in a circular saw, cut the marked square, leaving clean, sharp edges for patching later. Using a jackhammer or hammer and chisel, break away the asphalt to expose the aggregate underneath. Uncut asphalt in the corners of the square section do not have to be removed. Remove enough asphalt to allow the PVC enclosure to pass through easily. Clear the aggregate to make a hole approximately nine inches deep. Ensure the holes bottom surface is level, flat, and tightly packed before continuing.

Place the PVC enclosure into the hole so that the top of the enclosure rests approximately three inches below the pavements original surface. Backfill tightly around the perimeter of the enclosure with fresh Class 5 aggregate before patching the pavement with asphalt hot-patch. (Shown without PFC enclosure lid.)

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SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Installation (cont)
Good Placement
The drawing at left shows the optimum placement of M-GAGE sensors for vehicle detection. When the sensor is positioned in the middle of the traffic lane, it can be configured to a threshold level to detect vehicles only in the lane of interest. This is known as lane separation, or not detecting a vehicle in an adjacent lane. A threshold level also aids the sensor in vehicle separation detecting a break between the back bumper of a leading vehicle and the front bumper of the next vehicle. With proper placement and configuration, the M-GAGE can achieve vehicle separation with distances of 24 inches or less between vehicles.

Bad Placement

The drawing at left depicts a potential problem installation. While mounting the sensor at the side of a lane may be successful, this mounting location increases the potential for problems. To reliably detect a vehicle from the side, the sensor threshold must be increased to see objects further away in the lane of interest. Unfortunately, this enables the sensor to also detect a lawn mower operating behind the sensor or vehicles in adjacent lanes, causing false counts. Place the M-GAGE sensor at the edge of a traffic lane only if there is no possibility of the sensor detecting other objects. To avoid detecting other objects, ensure no vehicles will be within 10 feet of the sensor on the non-traffic side.

Phone: 800.894.0412 - Fax: 888.723.4773 - Web: www.clrwtr.com - Email: info@clrwtr.com

SureCross DX80 Wireless M-GAGE Node


Specifications
Many of the DX80 parameters are configurable. The values in the tables represent factory defaults unless otherwise noted.

General
Power Mounting M5 fasteners Max. Tightening Torque Case Material Weight Indicators Switches 3.6V dc low power option #10 or M5 (M5 hardware included) 0.56 N/m (5 in/lbf) Polycarbonate 0.23 kg (0.50 lb.) Two LED, bi-color Two Push Buttons 900 MHz Range* Frequency Transmit Power Spread Spectrum Technology Link Timeout 1000 feet, line of sight 902 to 928 MHz ISM band 21 dBm Conducted FHSS (Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum) Defined by Gateway 2.4 GHz 1000 feet, line of sight 2.4 to 2.4835 GHz ISM Band 18 dBm Conducted, 20 dBm EIRP FHSS (Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum) Defined by Gateway

Radio

* The range depends upon the environment and line of sight and is lower when buried.

M-GAGE
Input Sample Rate Report Rate Ambient Temperature Effect Sensing Range Internal Magnetometer 250 milliseconds On Change of State Less than 0.5 milligauss/C See figures 2 and 3

Environmental
Environmental Rating Operating Temperature* Operating Humidity Shock & Vibration IEC IP67; NEMA 6 -40 to +85 C 95% max. relative (non-condensing) IEC 68-2-6 and IEC 68-2-7 Shock: 30g, 11 millisecond half sine wave, 18 shocks Vibration: 0.5 mm p-p, 10-60 Hz

* Operating the devices at the maximum operating conditions for extended periods can shorten the life of the device.

Compliance
900 MHz Models 2. GHz Models FCC ID TGUDX80 - This device complies with FCC Part 15, Subpart C, 15.247 FCC ID UE300DX80-2400 - This device complies with FCC Part 15, Subpart C, 15.247 ETSI/EN: In accordance with EN 300 328: V1.7.1 (2006-05)

Phone: 800.894.0412 - Fax: 888.723.4773 - Web: www.clrwtr.com - Email: info@clrwtr.com