 Remember, you must have at least three different TYPES of resources.

Types of resources:
internet website - book pamphlet - encyclopedia advertisement - podcast dictionary - interview - magazine - almanac - film / movie - journal / newspaper article

 In your bibliography, you need four sources total. At least two of your four sources needs to be a website and a published text. Necessary Bibliographical Information  When researching, remember to record the bibliographical information so you are prepared to create your essay’s bibliography.  Remember to capitalize, underline titles, use quotation marks around article titles, and use punctuation when necessary. Internet websites:
exact web address URL of the webPAGE (not just website) - article title or page title author or institution of website - date electronically published online date you accessed website

Example: Jones, John J. "Germs." Germs are Gross! 8 Jan. 2009. 28 Jan. 2009 <www.mysunyong.com/germs/spread.html>.

Author(s) Publisher Year of the copyright - Title of the book - City of publisher

Example: Samson, Suzy S. My World Departed. Cupertino: PublishMe, 2009.

Magazine article:
Author Magazine title Page numbers - Article title - Date published

Example: Hattie, Harry H. "The Best Students at Lawson Middle School." The Eye of Cupertino 8 Jan. 2009: 5-7.

film title director year created etc.) - main actors / performers - distributor / film studio - media type (DVD, VHS, online video, seen in theater,

Example: Discover Life. Dir. William W. Waters. Perf. Barack Obama, Al Gore. DVD. MGM Studios, 2009.

Personal Interview (different information is needed if you are readinga n interview conducted by another person):

- interview title - interviewer’s full name (person conducting interview) - date interviewed - interviewee’s full name (person that was interviewed) - medium (by phone, email, AIM, in person, etc.) Example: Gore, Al. "How to Help Mother Earth." Telephone interview. 8 Jan. 2009.


- Title of pamphlet - City - Publisher / organization

- Author - Year

Example: Mottleberry, Mary M. Water Conservation. Cupertino: The Save Gaea Organization, 2009.

Creating a Bibliography
When you turn in your final essay, a bibliography must be attached. Your bibliography needs to have four sources, with three different types of resources. At least one needs to be a published source. Your bibliography needs to be titled “Bibliography” at the top and center of the page. Sources must be listed in alphabetical order. Remember to pay attention to the details of underlining titles, using quotation marks on articles and chapter names, and other necessary punctuation marks.

Use this website to create your bibliography: http://www.easybib.com/cite/view#sourceList

Creating Notes from Internet Websites
1. If you use information from an internet website, you must copy and paste the exact webpage that you get your information, as well as other bibliographical information. 2. Using the research notes template on Google Docs, copy and paste the specific information that pertains to your research question and that you plan on using in your paper. 3. Paraphrase your copied information. Paraphrasing the information is helpful when you are ready to write your essay, as well as aid your processing and memorization of the information. (See below for paraphrasing in books.) Re-read the quotation from your resource, and then read your restatement of the information. Make sure your restatement is accurate and has the same meaning as the original quotation. If you are having problems paraphrasing, use a quotation in your essay (See handout, “Citing Sources and Using Qutoations): In a recent article on the rainforest titled, “Don’t Kill Our World,”, Dr. Jones, an expert ecological conservationist, stated, “We are killing animals that we should be protecting (p. 24).” 4. Write about connections between the information and your research question. Also, write about any questions, thoughts / comments, and ideas that come to mind when you read the text. Don’t just read your information---interact with it, think about it, use it to explain the answers to your research question.

Creating Notes from Books, Magazines, Almanacs, Encyclopedias, Pamphlets, and Other Published Materials
1. If you use information from any published written materials, you must record all necessary bibliographical information. 2. Follow the note-taking template on Google Docs. When you find valuable information, type up the direct quotation from your resource that you will use. See #3 – 4 above.

Creating Notes from Other Media
1. If you use information from a movie, TV show, or audio recording, you must record the necessary bibliographical information.

2. Use the same template as the published materials. See #2-4 above. 3. When needed, pause and/or rewind the media if you are writing down a quotation. In your essay, you must cite your information. It might sound like this: In an episode titled, “Bad Gas,” Bill Nye explained in his television show, Bill Nye the Science Guy, that gas prices have increased from $1.25 in the 1980’s to $4 in 2008 due to greater gas consumption and less availability (Dec. 12, 2007).