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1.

Organization People’s Vigilance Committee on


Human Rights (PVCHR) & Jan
Mitra Nyas (JMN)
2. Project Title Capacity building project on
testimonial therapy for Human
Rights Organization in India
(hereinafter “the project”)
3. Name of the District and Varanasi district, India
Country where project is
implemented
4. Project duration: 1/8/2008
Start (day/month/year)

Completion (day/month/year) 30/4/2009


according to the application
5. Reporting period

This reporting period 1/8/2008 – 31/1/2009

Next reporting period 1/2/09 – 30/4/2009

Summary of status describe especially problem encountered during


project implementation, including proposal for changes and reason for
changes in time schedule, outputs and budget

EXTERNAL PROBLEM (First quarter)

• Delay in transfer of installment to the project.

It took approximately 1 month (14th October, 2008) for the transfer of


installment in to the account of Jan Mitra Nyas. So to manage monthly
expenses, expenses of supervision workshop and professional consultation,
we took loan of 72, 000 Rupees from Jan Mitra Nyas. We reimburse
advance immediately after installment was transferred in the account.
INTERNAL PROBLEM (Second quarter)

• A district team or the main/central team does not perform as


planned.

On 30th November, 09 Mr. Karmanya Kumar designate as Assistant


Project Co-ordinator in this capacity building project gave resignation.
Appointment of Mr. Karmanya was done on probation period for
three month. After completion of his probation period, his work was
revived by the Managing Committee and Mr. Karmanya request to
extend his probation period for the two and he assure he will improve
his performance. His probation period was extended for the two
months. So, when Mr. Karmanya realized that he was unable to give
qualitative performance up to the expectation of the management. So,
he gave one month prior resignation according to the H.R policy of
the trust Jan Mitra Nyas (JMN).

Prior to his resignation his work was revived by Management


committee and written admonishes to improve his performance as
problem encountered in filling Monitoring & Evaluation questionnaire
and he accepted. Project Coordinator also reproves him to improve his
performance. To review his work and take decision on 29th December,
08 core team of PVCHR/JMN did meeting and decided to discontinue
him with immediate effect from 31st December, 08. In Place of him
Mr. Upendra is appointed as assistant project co-ordinator.

The work of the project is not too much affected in the absence of Mr.
Karmnaya as other staff/activist of PVCHR is continuously helping in
the activities. (His resignation letter is attached as annexure).

In this meeting Dr. Lenin, Ms. Shruti Nagvanshi, Ms. Anupam, Mr.
Anup, Mr. Siddique Hasan, Mr. Jai Kumar Mishra, Mr. Ajay Kumar
Singh, Mr. Manoj Kumar Pandey, Ms. Shirin Shabana Khan, Mr.
Upendra, Mr. Umesh Singh and Mr. Shobnath were present.

12. Assessment of overall progress

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The overall progress of the project is according to the planned and activities
frame out in project proposal. Detailed report of the program is attached as
annexure I and II in first and second quarter report.

• A WORK PLAN FOR THE NEXT REPORTING PERIOD:

Specify activities with realistic time and place.

Name of the program place Realistic time schedule


Editing & translation of 25th January
the testimony
Delivery Ceremony Varanasi
Delivery Ceremony Sonbhadra 17th February, 09
Ranchi Training (New Ranchi 23rd Feb, 2009 – 27th
dates) Feb, 2009
2nd March, 2009 – 6th
March, 2009
Follow up M&E 20 March
questionnaire
National Consultation New Delhi 16th April – 17th April,
09

• Person responsible for the arrangement for carrying out


activities

S. no Name of Program Responsible Person


1 Ranchi Workshop Dr. Lenin and Ms. Shabana
2 New Testimony Mr. Upendra
3 Delivery ceremony Mr. Upendra
4 Follow up M & E Dr. Lenin, Mr. Upendra, Mr.
Manoj and Ms. Shabana
5 Editing of testimonies Dr. Lenin, Mr. Upendra, Mr.
Manoj and Ms. Shabana with
the external consultant
6 National Consultation Dr. Lenin and Ms. Shabana

12. Assessment of overall progress (other significant progress):

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The other significant progress detailed is attached as annexure III in first
and second quarter report

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FIRST QUARTER REPORT
(1st August, 08 – 31st October, 08)

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Annexure I

I. Supervision

The three days supervision from 17th September, to 19th September, 2008
was organized in PVCHR office. Supervision starts with welcome speech by
Dr. Lenin Director of PVCHR. In this workshop entire achievement was
discussed which was attain after workshop held in the month of May.

Dr. Inger Agger discussed the objective of this workshop. In this workshop
main emphasis was given on (1) achievements (2) Challenges (3) use of
testimony for legal advocacy

The schedule was discussed between the participants. Three participants


Ms. Shruti, Ms. Anjana Das and Mr. Vijay Bharti were unable to attend. One
intern, Ms. Frauke Hollerbach from Germany attended this workshop.

17-19 SUPERVISION ON Name of participants


September TESTIMONIAL THERAPY

Wednesday Morning 1. Dr. Lenin


17 September 10 -12 am (1) Experiences and 2. Ms. Shruti
problems/challenged 3. Ms. Anupam
faced by Human Rights 4. Ms. Saba Iqbal
Defender while taking 5. Ms. Anjana Das
testimonial therapy 6. Mr. Upendra
7. Mr. Vijay Bharti
(2) Meditation 8. Mr. Neeraj
9. Mr. Karmanya
12 -1 pm Lunch 10.Mr. Daya
11.Mr. Anand
Afternoon (1) Experiences and 12.Mr. Mangala
1 – 4 pm problems/challenged
faced by Human Rights
Defender while taking
testimonial therapy

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Thursday Morning
18 September 10 – 12 (1) Experiences and
am problems/challenged
faced by Human Rights
Defender while taking
testimonial therapy

(2) Meditation

Lunch
12 – 1 pm
(1) Experiences and
problems/challenged
Afternoon faced by Human Rights
1- 4 pm Defender while taking
testimonial therapy

Friday
19 September (1) Experiences and
Morning problems/challenged
10 – 12 faced by Human Rights
am Defender while taking
testimonial therapy
Meditation

Lunch
12– 1 pm

(1) Meditation

Afternoon (2) Formation of plan


1 – 4 pm of action

The success and challenges faced by participants after third session were
traced out with thorough discussion, themes are given below-

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CHALLENGES:-

1. Fear of police
2. Security
3. Confession by Victims
4. Direct Intervention by the victim (without lawyer advice & HR
defender advice)
5. Lower officials
6. Political provocation

SUCCESS:-

1. Breaking fear
2. Psychological support
3. Respect by the police

Testimony of eight Survivors was published in the face to face column of


web news www.mynews.in. On the acceptance of survivors case was sent
for the legal advocacy to Director General of Police (DGP) and National
Human Rights Commission, New Delhi.

1. In the enquiry of the cases Circle officer called Mr. Daya Shanker
Patel and Mr. Upendra as they both of these participants took the
testimony of Kaju and Paras (Paru). Along with Survivor Mr. Daya
Shanker Patel and Mr. Upendra went to the office of Circle Officer
(C.O). Circle officer offered chair to these survivor and he
immediately called responsible police and yelled them, that you
people are involving them in fake case. The gentle behaviour done
by police provides mental support to the survivor.

2. National Campaign on Dalits Human Rights (NCDHR) directly


intervene looks the testimony of Mr. Satendra Yadav on
www.mynews.in and they intervene and sent letter to Chief
Minister (C.M) of Uttar Pradesh and C.M immediately gave
response and ordered for the investigation. Basically NCDHR
works for the dalits rights but in this case they support to survivor
who belongs to backward caste.

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3. Jaswant before taking testimony, he was saying his self suffering
in fragmented story. Now he shows his testimony to the Director
General of Police (DGP).

Role Play:

Two participants Mr. Upendra Kumar play as a role of survivor (Kaju)


and Mr. Daya Shanker Patel as an interviewer.

Story: When police again came to Kaju house so, after looking police Kaju
feared and hide himself. Kaju immediately makes a telephonic conversation
with Mr. Daya Shanker Patel (Human Right Defender). No problem occurs
in this case as Mr. Daya Shanker Patel successfully build trust and also
gave support to Kaju.

CHALLENGES AFTER THIRD SESSION AND LEGAL ADVOCACY:

I. TRUST:

When a Human Right Defender (who is going to fill 2nd part of Monitoring
and Evaluation questionnaire) visits a survivor, he faces the problem of trust.
Interviewer ask about survivor to his neighbour or the people living
surrounding his house, they look interviewer with suspense. However their

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confidence increases when human Rights defender evokes them about honor
ceremony.

Role Play: to clarify the situation in front of other participants and how to
tackle these type of situation. Mr. Karmanya plays the role of Survivor and
Ms. Anupam as an Interviewer. Ms. Anupam went to fill the second part of
Monitoring & Evaluation questionnaire and in second role play Dr. Lenin
(Interviewer) and Mr. Karmanya (survivor).

Story: - {when other Human Rights Defender (Mr. Karmanya) went to fill
the second part of Monitoring & Evaluation questionnaire. As other
survivor did not meet with Mr. Karmanya so, they did not have trust on him.
Ssurvivor strangely behaves with him and he was not willing to respond the
question of Mr. Karmanya.}

In this role play participants look the challenge that before going to fill the
second part of Monitoring and Evaluation questionnaire. It is necessary to
communicate with the Human Rights defender, who took the testimony of
the survivor and also to carry the photographs of honor ceremony with them.

II. POLITICAL PROVOCATION:-

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Positive fight back democratic
Fear Anger & non - violent

Negative provocation

Feeling of injustice

Story: {The political provocation was seen in the case of Jaswant whose
son was kidnapped and he also has some land dispute. The alleged
person occupied his house and open office of ruling party (Bahujan
Samaj Party). When Jaswant found his son then people from the different
political party stand with Jaswant, as Jaswant already has feeling of
injustice and this feeling convert into anger and after getting support
from different political parties he went into the negative provocation.}

III. CONFESSION:-

To make the challenges of confession clear to the participants a role


play was done. The role play was done in two parts first with lawyer
having human rights background and secondly any professional
lawyer having no knowledge of human rights.

(a) Mr. Upendra (victim), Daya (Human Right Defender) and Dr. Lenin
(Lawyer) and
(b) second situation of crime committed by the victim this role play was
done by Niraj (Human Rights Defender), Anupam (Victim) and Daya
Shanker (Lawyer)

The difference was trace after the two role plays in first situation
professional lawyer was not giving any moral support to the victim and his
emphasis was more on the money. The second scenario was entirely
different from first situation. Lawyer gave respect and he truly gave advises
to the victim.

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Meeting of survivor and human rights defender with lawyer

All the Participants used the process of testimonial therapy while doing
counseling the victim. This therapy really helps Survivor to again adjoin in
the main stream of society. Survivor were feeling relief and happy from
inside.

MR. MANGAlA PRASAD: He briefly presented the success which he


achieved after using testimony. One survivor Jali Mushar was feeling insult
and fear from inside. Mr. Mangala used the process of testimonial therapy
which he learned during testimonial workshop in the month of May. After
hearing his story Mr. Mangala gave psycho- education and encourage
survivor for his struggle.

QUICK TESTIMONY:

MR. NIRAJ: He shared one incident that happened in Bihar. One innocent
book seller was involved by police in fake case and he was sent to prison.
So, Mr. Niraj with other human rights defender went to prison and discuss
incidence happened to him. Again Mr. Niraj individually went to meet with
this survivor and provide psychological support to him. He was feeling
shame and fear. He shares the self suffering of other people whose story was
very similar to them. This time Mr. Niraj uses the process of testimony.

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MS. SABA IQBAL: She adds to them that if human rights defender shows
sympathy to the survivor while hearing his self suffering. Survivor without
any hesitation informs his self suffering. (One survivor of rape first time
without her husband informs her self suffering to female human rights
defender, this happened with the use of testimony.

MODIFIED TESTIMONY:

In the modified testimony Mr. Anand Prakash came to know about one
respected family charged in the fake case by the police. Police arrest that
person from his home. Survivor has feeling of shame and he was unable to
make eye contact with the people and finally he keeps himself in the house.
Children and women were feared with the police.

So, Mr. Anand did first session with the women’s and children as they were
having fear. However Mr. Anand was unable to meet with the survivor.
Slowly and gradually he succeeds in making relation with the survivor. After
that he starts using the process of testimonial therapy and gave some psycho
–education to him that normally police do torture. He shares few self
suffering of respected person being tortured by the police. Finally Survivor
came out side from his house and now survivor and his family members are
living their life without fear.

Use of Testimony in future:-

Dr. Lenin discuss with the participants regarding the further use of testimony
by the human right defender of People’s Vigilance Committee on Human
Rights (PVCHR).

1. Legal

(a) United Nation


(b) Human Rights Institution

2. Prevention

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(a) folk school
(b) information sharing
(c) publication
(d) Human Rights streets movement
(e) Community meeting
(f) Street play

3. Campaign

(a) Psychological mapping (MLR)


(b) Publication of testimony
(c) Information sharing
(d) Video advocacy

4. Research

(a) Data collection


(b) Analysis
(c) Publication

Essential aspect for Legal Intervention:-

1. Removing facts (confession) against victims from testimony.


2. Correcting testimony with lawyers and Human Rights defenders,
during another session of selective cases.
3. Creating new testimony for the legal purpose.

Testimony Method

Session

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1. Opening the story

 Contact/trust
 Psycho – education
 Monitoring & Evaluation – I
 Starting the story
Story is written
2. Closing the session

 Story is read/corrected by survivor


 Final version of story constructed
 How to use the testimony? Dialogue with victim and his
approval

3. Delivery ceremony
 Group meeting/ folk school/community meeting/demonstration/
community
 Testimony is read to group and delivered to survivor
 Victim is honored
 Legal dialogue with victim if there is fact against the survivor
in testimony (Testimony for legal) (Lawyers)

4. Follow up
 Filling of second part of monitoring and evaluation by Human
Rights defender.

The new session which came out after presentation were –

This will be discuss before starting of second session


1. Approval of legal intervention by victim
2. Advise for the democratic & non – violence realistic struggle
3. challenge the impunity their reaction against torture
4. SWOT analysis

3 a. after third session creating new testimony for the legal purpose with
human rights defender, victim and advocate

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Annexure II

II. Round Table discussion

On

“Using Testimony as a psychotherapeutic tool”

Round Table discussion on “Using Testimony as a psychotherapeutic tool”


held on 25th September, 2008 at 9:45 am in Diamond Hotel Varanasi with
the joint endeavor of Deva International of Child Care (DISCC), People’s
Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR), Varanasi and
Rehabilitation and Research Council for Torture victim (RCT), Denmark.

Dr. Jhawar clinical psychologist he sent an apologies letter that due to some
unavoidable circumstances I am unable to participate and learn sheer bad luck
on my part but my colleagues are there.

Using testimony is a really wonderful thought and this helps the post traumatic
individual in all spheres.

To brief, testimony therapy could be viewed as

T- Truth where
E- Emotions &
S- Sentiments of
T- Tortured
I – Individual with
M- Magnifiable
O- Operations &
N- Never
Y- Yawing their rights right

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Wishing you all the best for the programme, best wishes to Dr. Agger & Prof.
Gurnani and all other learned participants.

Discussion starts at 9:30 am with the registration with the designed schedule thirty
renowned psychologist, psychiatrist and counselor of Uttar Pradesh actively
participate in this stimulating Round Table Discussion.

Program detail:

S. Program Time Resource person


no
1 Registration 9:30 – 9:55
2 Inauguration of round 10:00: 10:30
table discussion on
using Testimonial
therapy as a
psychotherauptic tool
3 Tea Break 10:30- 11:00
4 Power point 11:00 – 11:30 Dr. Inger Agger
presentation on
Testimonial Therapy
5 Impact of testimonial 11:30- 12:00 Dr. Lenin
therapy on PVCHR
work
6 Comments on 12:00 – 12:15 Dr. Tulsi
Testimonial therapy
7 Open Discussion on 12:15 – 1:00
Testimonial Therapy
8 Break 1:00 – 1:05
9 Vote of Thanks 1:05 – 1:15 Dr. Tulsi
10 Lunch 1:15 – 2:00

The program was Moderator by Dr. Tulsi

Ms. Shruti Nagvanshi Trustee of People’s Vigilance Committee on Human


Rights (PVCHR) hearty welcome participation in this round table discussion

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on behalf of above three organizations and she gave her best wishes for the
success of this discussion. She also briefly presents the Curriculum Vitae of
Dr. Inger Agger. Program was moderated by Dr. Tulsi. The discussion starts
with the traditional Indian spiritual style by lighting candle.

Candle lighting by the chairing person

Prof. K.C Gurnani M.D (Psychiatry) Head, Department of Psychiatry, S.N


College, Dr. Inger Agger consultant Rehabilitation and Research centre for
the Torture Victim (RCT), Denmark, Dr. Sanjay Gupta HOD, Department of
Psychiatry Institute of Medical Science, Banaras Hindu University (B.H.U),
Dr. Tulsi President Deva, Varanasi and Dr. R.G Saxena Retired psychiatry
Ranchi mental jail light the candle.

Chief Guest and Guest of Honor and other renowned people present in the
desk were honored by the flower garland. The main motive behind this
discussion was to know the feedback from the psychologist and psychiatry
nearby Varanasi district on using Testimonial as a psychotherapeutic tool in
India.

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Flower garland to guest of honor

We have increase in war, bombing, increase in terrorist attacks, increase in


genocide, torture and domestic violence. Violence at very grass root level
increase. Women and child are tortures and we have seems what happening
to the Human Race where is our peace. Peace of Gandhi is hidden and where
is the peace which says. We see breakage in Human Values in code conduct.

The Question is how to bring back again bring a person to the normal level
of thinking acting and feeling and how to rehabilitate, how to restore
confidence in them in minimum expenditure and in a brief supportive
ways. How to reach a common person who is most neglected tortured
person of the society. How to give relief him of his trauma and how to tackle
what is happening inside them. So, Dr. Inger all ways from Denmark come
to give her hopes to give us new method a new technique she work with a
torture survivor and war survivor which we cannot imagine.

Dr. K.C Gurnani Head of Department, psychiatry S.N Medical College,


Agra blessed this discussion with his best wishes. He also adds an aspect
only which perhaps only few missionary can dare to do deal this. It needs
courage’ to think the fruit of what we think not to deliver today but may
tomorrow or may be year or a decades. This is new concept which I am
coming across. We did not find approach to find the pain of poor tortured
victim which suddenly help to the mankind in general and to all.

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Dr. Gurnani giving his blessing

Dr. Sanjay Gupta Head of Department, Department of


Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Science, Banaras Hindu University
(BHU) states that torture is now into our life in very common mode. If you
look around it is every where. Torture got multiple meaning. I am really
happy their are people from all section are really looking in the matter i.e.
torture “I will look from psychiatrist point of view and Prof. Sharma from
Psychologist point of view, counselor and social worker, educationalist and
the people in the community in large are these concept. These are the
concept in which we professional have to go in for and we have to produce
good thing for the community.

Prof R.G Sharma state that Torture and testimonial therapy as a great
relation we as a psychologist we see after the effect of torture. Suicide,
homicide, anxiety, fear and depression are main component after the effect
of torture. Perhaps by bringing this type of therapy, we feel happy that now
this therapy has been introduced in a very formal way. It root are very old
and now it is present in form of testimony therapy, however it is so old even
in second world war with a restricted goal and limited aims. It was used
with the prisoner of Second World War and victim of war. So in that way it

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roots are old. A team has given tackling the effect of torture I feel a problem
of psychologist we have to be very careful in this type of disturbance.
Torture in police custody a question arise it is a genuine torture or hard core
torture The reliability of information and tool and assessment after torture
and problems are genuine and we can tackle by psychological means.

DR. INGER AGGER CONSULTANT RCT: presents testimonial method


as a healing process and advocacy through power point presentation. She
elucidates on the following points:-

I. what is testimony therapy


II. The history of testimonial method.
III. RCT goal:
IV. Develop new knowledge,
V. Testimony as a Brief Therapy Intervention”
VI. Beneficiaries of Testimony Method
VII. Procedure of Testimony method varies in different contexts
VIII. Testimony procedure developed in UP 2008
IX. Elements of Testimony Method in UP: 4 Sessions
X. With justice as the entry point…
XI. Healing elements of Testimony Method Client barriers
XII. PVCHR Community and Human Rights Work
XIII. Community healing rituals Involving the body
XIV. Further Perspectives and Challenges
XV. Objectives of RCT Project

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Dr. Inger presenting Testimonial Therapy

DR. LENIN DIRECTOR OF PEOPLE’S VIGILANCE COMMITTEE ON


HUMAN RIGHTS: informed that one week training was given to the Human
Rights Defenders who have interest in psychology and after one week survivor
came for giving testimony, Police did not torture you other’s are also being
tortured. One survivor of attempt to rape start crying became first time she share
her self suffering story to other people, as earlier her husband used to narrates her
story to the media. The testimony of this survivor was taken by two female Human
Rights Defenders. The name of this female survivor was changed and she herself
selects her name.

The honor ceremony of 15 survivors was done in front of District Head Quarter
Varanasi. After the honor ceremony father of one survivor Ram Chander starts
crying and said “I fells my dignity is detained back and I will show this testimony
when I will go back to my home”.

For legal cases we talk with the advocate regarding the confession made by the
Survivor, as one survivor did confession that he feel very pleasant when he read in
the newspaper that police who tortured him was killed by the naxlite. So, this type
of confession may create problem to the survivor. In 12 years of Dr. Lenin work he
did not see this type of change in police department. After looking the testimony
Circle officer (C.O) immediately called police and yelled him that you are doing

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torture to these types of people. We did not take testimony of hard core criminal
because they did not do confession or uncensorship themselves. They only came to
Human Right organization for the address of National Human Rights Commission
(NHRC).

Dr. Lenin giving his views after using testimony therapy

In second phase we are going to organize a workshop of three states Chattisgarh,


Jharkhand and Manipur in Ranchi for 15 days. Peoples of these states are frustrated
with the military. For ex- People of Manipur attack on a person who jokes with
him, this is their frustration. It depends on an individual how he makes his private
pain into public.

Testimony was published on www.mynews.in and times. 100 percent success is


trace out in second part of Monitoring & Evaluation question Dr. Peter polatin is
coming in the month of December. We will discuss on participation scale and this
scale will also be circulated between the learned people. We did take cases of
suicidal tendency we select only those cases who haves symptoms of trauma. We
want as medico – legal psychological mapping of tortured victim should be done.

Dr. Tulsi president of Deva International School for Child Care (DISCC) brief
the presentation of Dr. Inger Agger and Dr. Lenin and present given below points

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for stimulating discussion. He says that violence, torture and terrorism have
become global psycho- social and economic problems.

Data of torture in India

• Conservative estimates suggest 23000 dowry deaths in India from


1994 to 1998.
• Year 2000
– 16,496 rapes
– 32,940 molestations
– 45,778 tortures
– 52,000 kidnappings
– 11,000 sexual harassments
– 6995dowry deaths

The main Characteristic of torture

• It involves at least two persons.


• It is characterized by extreme degradation, humiliation and on
dehumanization.
• It leads to severe physical, psychological and social sufferings
(stigma) on the victim.
• The victim is trapped in a double bind situation where he either has to
cooperate with the torturer or to suffer more pain and possible death.

A victim may have undergone either forms of Torturous


Experiences

• Intense noise.
• Use of chilly powder.
• Giving electric shocks.
• Kidnapping of the family members.
• Constant threat against one’s own safety or towards family members.
• Being forced to witness the torture.
• Rape and Gang rapes and sexual abuse of different kinds.
• Burning.

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• Public humiliation.
• Domestic violence.
• Organized political violence.

Victim’s Psychological Conditions after Torture and Violence


(Rape, Beating, Starvation etc.)

• Total physical exhaustion.


• Feels shocked and disoriented.
• Fearful and anxious.
• Feels guilty and depressed.
• Feels angry towards self, others and society.
• Feels betrayed.
• Feels distressed.
• Feels helpless, loosing of financial support
• Feels loosing the custody of the child.
• Experiences harassments at work.

Psychological Conditions of the Survivor

Likely to develop:

• Post Traumatic Disorder, with marked generalized anxiety that is


triggered by the any cue of traumatic incident.
• Depressive Disorder can present in the form of sadness, lack of
enjoyment in day to day activities, negative thoughts and may be
suicidal ideas and acts.
• Anxiety Disorder, Eating Disorder, Substance Abuse Disorder.
• Psychosomatic Disorders.

Long Term Impact on victims

• The core belief of ‘helplessness’ and ‘disempowerment’.


• The core belief of ‘mistrust’.
• The core belief of a “just world hypothesis”.
• The core belief of a ‘negative appraisal’.
• Low confidence and self esteemed

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Rehabilitation of Survivor

• Pharmacological
• Psychological
• Social

A Multi Disciplinary Team Approach

Psychological Rehabilitation

• A series of structured and non directive interviews.


• Creating a rapport with the survivor.
• If possible assess him on different psychometric instruments to
evaluate the impact of the traumatic incidents on the survivor’s
psyche.
• Therapeutic management by using eastern and western approaches
depending upon the need of the hour, tailored as per survivor’s need.

The most popular western interventions of 21st Century

• Psychopharmacology (For acute cases to reduce the symptom).


• Supportive Psychotherapy
• Counseling
• Crisis intervention Protocols such demobilization, defusing and
debriefing
• Behavior Therapy Methods
• CBT
• Family Therapy
• Group Therapy

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Victims need Help
Human Beings

Trauma Producing Incidents


Physical, Social and
Stressful events Psychological
Rehabilitation

Victims PTSD Conditions Survivors


Depressive Disorder
Anxiety Disorder
Psychosomatic Disorders

After the presentation of Dr. Tulsi floor was open for the discussion and the
question arises in this round table discussion was entertained by Dr. Inger
Agger and Dr. Lenin.

Prof S.G Sharma: I have no question these are my personal comments.

1. Firstly what we used word torture for the victim is very doubtful. Is
torture physically or psychologically torture. So, we basically here
we are talking about psychologically torture. After effects of the
torture. We have to deal only with the psychologically torture.

2. Secondly the word testimony as healing process. Healing in India


used as a very ruthless word. Healing is not a very scientific terms
used in psychotherapy. Healing is a very huge and very unscientific
word. So there is different culture and race people are living they
wants to heal themselves from upcoming situation.

QUESTION

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PROF K.C GURNANI: How you start to use testimonial method and also
what are the requirements for taking testimonial therapy?

ANSWER:

DR. INGER: I did testimonial model with political refugee coming from
different part of world. Refugees were being tortured and live in asylum in
Denmark. So, RCT at that time I was working as a clinical psychologist and
used testimony mode. Refugees want to tell their story and they also wants
to recall the incidence happened to them.

Normally in psychotherapy we much emphasis on neutral and but in the case


victim who cross human rights violation but in the case therapist must show
the solidarity. That is important person working in the PVCHR are working
in the community. Victim trust human rights defenders as they are working
in the community. Which is the main requirement of this therapy, the person
or counselor should support the victim which violates the human rights. So,
this is very important victim should. Rapport between survivor and the
victim and they should really support that has suffered great injustice, they
have suffer wrong, which is the violation of human rights. This is very
important to heel a victim.

QUESTION:

DR. SANJAY GUPTA: There should be few dedicated person. In that case
for the small pockets if you want to channelize it to the entire place and if
you want to keep Varanasi as centre so, person suffering problem will not
come from Gazipur to Varanasi to tell his pain

ANSWER:

DR. INGER AGGER: That’s why RCT and PVCHR with joint endeavor
are going to organize two training one in Varanasi and second in Ranchi
(Jharkhand) so, in this workshop participants from six organizations is being
trained. We hope this organization should train to other organization. We are
trying to establish training of trainer model. It’s not very complicated it is
for the bare foot model and it is easy to learn.

QUESTION:

28
Dr. TULSI: Do the person are going to do testimonial therapy should they
have some basic background to understand psychological?

ANSWER:

DR. SANJAY GUPTA: In India We have the join family system in the
village and different group usually in the village if any people subject to
torture they word the prominent people of the village how it is very expertise
in healing or ventilating the person out. So, I can hear with easily absorb,
they are no psychologist, social worker and stuff their. That is great injustice
their. He may take out in an edited form. I am quite sure creates a model and
give to the village and give the model to the village so some prominent
people may take the testimony.

QUESTION

DR. ANIL JAISWAL: You did evaluation whether evaluation is in


standardized procedure and you evaluate your self.
DR. SANJAY GUPTA, HEAD OF DEPARTMENT, DEPARTMENT
OF PSYCHIATRY, INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCE,
BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY (BHU): As you said you are not going
to do the testimony of severe mental patient having suicidal tendency. So,
who are person judging them whether professional psychiatrist, psychologist
or a subjective judgment of a patient or people from the group?

ANSWER

DR LENIN: We are not taking the cases who are suffering from severe
psychological illness; we deal only with the PSTD victim. We are not
dealing the case who are having suicidal tendency and people who are
suffering from depression. We are organizing folk school and small fears are
finish in campaign. The honor ceremony depends on the wish of the
survivor, some time he wants his honor ceremony in front of his family or in
front of his community. No this testimony therapy is not going to be used by
the psychiatry but by the Human Rights Defenders having psychological
understanding.

29
Open floor of round table discussion

QUESTION:

DR. ARVIND KUMAR GUPTA CHETNA PSYCHIATRY CENTRE


AURANGABAD, VARANASI: Basically the discussion going right now
conflict arises to use in the term of a medical approach. This is very positive
term and resources which you did as an organization basically other
organization tried not do. The problem arises who does the diagnosis and
another problem is going to There may be around 3,000 adequately
qualified psychiatrists and 1000 clinical psychologist in the entire country
of more than a billion populations. In U.P itself there may only be less
than 100 psychiatrists and 100 psychologists. The ratio of doctors is very
less so, it is impossible to organize a grass root movement which is based on
psychiatry.

DR. SANJAY GUPTA, HEAD OF DEPARTMENT, DEPARTMENT OF


PSYCHIATRY, BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY (BHU). This should be
based on the consisted principal scale. He is not saying it should be based on
the psychiatry scale however there are lots of quality of life scale. You can’t
say we are not going into the symptoms of tortured survivor. If a person is
tortured he has some physical as well as psychologically symptoms. When a
person is tortured he did not came and tell you that I am tortured. He has
some symptoms. Why not to penetrate this system why not to analyze. If

30
you are doing this then you have a very good pre and post model. We have a
group of 25 they were having this –this type of problem and these and these
now quality of life is improving after one months or three months.

ANSWER:

DR. INGER AGGER: Psychiatry working for RCT he has developed


WHO standardized questionnaire but the questionnaire are been developed
and finally are but to come down to the real standardized version. The five
first questions constitute the WHO 5 which is standardized test measuring
quality of life.

Question 7 is classified under International Classification of Functioning,


Disability and Health (ICF). The actual phrasing of the question was done
by the RCT Health Program Manager Dr. Peter Polatin in consultation with
other ICF experts and researchers.

QUESTION:

MRS. SANDHYA SAXENA CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST FROM


LUCKOW: Person taking interview is not a fully trained person. If he says
you want to say something it is ok. As he want to write in a story form and
publish, if you add some thing from yourselves it will not be a pure physical
analysis.

ANSWER:

DR. LENIN: People who are trained by Dr. Inger in the workshop will take
the testimony and we will not involve a new person for taking testimony.
Victim is saying his fragmented story and here it is important to adjoin the
Victims own story. One person is taking the interview and other person is
writing the story. Survivor edit story on the second session and he also
decides whether photographs will be used in the testimony and he also
decides for going into the legal advocacy. If the survivor wants to use his
name X in the testimony his name will be choose by himself. In last to
encourage victim we say normally police torture the people and at last we
ask feedback from the victim that how he feels after sharing his story, doing
the meditation.

31
In which Dr. Tulsi add three times he himself organize a refreshing course
for the Human Rights Defenders how to do counseling of the victim This is
a victim centric .

QUESTION:

DR. K.C GURNANI said that if you are taking a society there is no need of
assessment or evaluation. Take a subject deal it with scientific way do the
diagnosis. If you want to go for the health of a poor person who did not have
venue, go to the root level we can’t say where you did not have to go for the
legal remedy or where are not going to help them with a legal document for
the advocacy. That a view to express their pain

Dr. Lenin presents memento to the renowed people chairing the desk and he
gave thanks to the participants for marking their valuable presence in this
discussion.

Dr. Lenin giving memento

32
Dr. Tulsi culminates this program by giving vote of thanks and state Lets
join hands together and make a better world for future race. He especially
thanks to Dr. Inger Agger

 For bringing testimony therapy as therapeutic intervention for cases of


psychological trauma.
 Interesting part of this therapy is that it has both Western element of
Anger Management, Classical Conditioning and Eastern approach of
relaxation methods and Meditation.
 It’s a cost effective model of psychotherapy which don’t require
clinics or hospitals but, directly one can do this intervention at the
doorsteps of the victim. For ex. His house, community, in a forest etc.
 The economic cost of the whole approach seems to be very less than
regular psychotherapy session in a clinic or hospital.

Journalist and photographer both from print (Times of India, AAj,


Hindustan, Danik Jagran, Amar Ujala, and Compact) and electronic media
(Sahara T.V, DEN Kashi and S.TV) were present in this discussion to
publish and broadcast the outcome of this program.

Annexure III

• LECTURE ON TESTIMONIAL THERAPY IN FACULTY


MALVIYA CENTRE FOR PEACE AND RESEARCH (B.H.U)

On 26th September, 2008 two hours lecture on Testimonial as a


psychotherapeutic tool was organized in faculty of Malviya centre for Peace
and Research (MCPR), faculty of Social Sciences, Banaras Hindu
University (B.H.U), Varanasi.

33
Dr. Subhransu Sekhar Misra

The lecture starts at 3 pm with the welcome speech by Mr. Subhransu


Sekhar Mishra senior lecturer of Malviya Centre for Peace and Research. He
briefly presents the curriculum Vitae of Dr. Inger Agger consultant
psychologist from Copenhagen, Denmark and Dr. Lenin Director of
People’s Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR) and his
organization PVCHR. Nearly 60 students from different faculty gathered in
theatre of faculty of Malviya Centre for Peace and Research (MCPR) to hear
this new therapy.

Dr, Inger presents testimonial therapy through power points presentation and
Dr. Lenin presents the positive use of this therapy in the work of his
organization and he also shares the success of this therapy.

After presentation two ways discourse starts and lecture culminate with vote
of thanks given by Head of Department History Mrs. Kutty.

34
Student carefully hearing lecture

• Honor Ceremony

The honor ceremony of remaining seven survivors was organized on 5th


October, 2008 at Ghasia ghetto of Raup village in Sonbhadra district. The
ceremony starts with paying homage to the monument of 18 children who
died due to hunger and starvation.

Program starts at 11:00 am in the morning and it finish at 3:30 in the late
afternoon. Ms. Shruti briefly presents the testimony therapy to the villagers
and the motives behind organizing this honor ceremony.

The name of honored ceremony - Kuddus Khan, in place of Hira Lal Jaiswal
his grandson came to receive testimony, Kunti Devi, Chote Lal and
Babundar Ghasia, Devnath and Pintu Gupta.

35
Group picture of survivor

Thereafter, the testimonies of the 7survivors were read out to the public by
the interviewers who took the testimonies, and the survivors were honored
by giving them a flower garland, a white shawl and the testimony document.

Ceremony read out by Human Rights Defender

36
After honor ceremony happiness was seen on the face of survivor. After
hearing her story from Human Rights defenders Kunti Devi eyes became
wet and smile was also observe on the face of Pintu Gupta.

The testimony document is delivered to the survivor

• On 17th October, 2008 European Union – FNSt - National Project on


Preventing Torture in India organize National People’s Tribunal on
Torture in Constitution Club.

In this tribunal two cases were selected from PVCHR Uttar Pradesh,
first Mr. Ram Chandra (torture – Illegal detention & Torture in
custody) and were heard in the plenary session of this tribunal and in
session III.

Testimony of survivor Ram Chandra and Santosh Kumar (Ram Lal


father of deceased) was taken in the workshop held in the month of
May, 2008. He state that earlier he was unable to tell his entire self
suffering due to fear and shame. However after honor ceremony he is
feeling pride from inside and as if he receive his dignity back.

37
Mr. Ole Espersen, Legal Advisor of RCT, Denmark was also present
in the felicitations with Ms. Ellen Pedersen, Deputy Head of
Development Co –operation EC Delegation of India and Dr. Rene
Klaff, Regional Director South Asia, Friedrich Naumann Stifung fur
die Freiheit (FNSt).

A book “Final Jury Report Uttar Pradesh People’s Tribunal on


Torture” was published which include the psychological analysis of
73 survivors done by Dr. Inger Agger psychologist and consultant
RCT. These 73 cases were heeded in People’s Tribunal on Torture
held on 28-29th April in Varanasi.

• Mr. Karmanya starts collecting new cases of police torture for taking
new testimony.

• On 27th September, 2008 Dr. Lenin met with the Secretary General
and Director General of National Human Rights Commission, New
Delhi and he presents testimonial therapy and brief outcome of
professional consultation.

• On 15th October, 2008 Dr. Lenin met Director of National Institute of


Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore for three
minute and after that he discuss Manual “Giving Voice” with clinical
psychologist. However they were very much interested on
participation scale. Their comments on this Manual will be given after
National Consultation outcome. Dr. Lenin also discuss this Manual
with General Manager of south India Child Right and You (CRY) and
with Ashok Mathew Director SICHREM,

• II part of Monitoring and Evaluation questionnaire of sixteen


Survivors were filled by Mr. Karmanya and remaining Monitoring
and Evaluation of seven survivors will be completed in the first week
of November.

• Dr. Lenin was invited as a Chief Guest in Just Peace Foundation of


Ms. Iron Sharmila. In that program Dr. Lenin briefly presents the

38
history of Testimonial Therapy and he kept how private pain became
political. Dr. Lenin also discussed Testimonial Therapy with Mr.
Montu Ahanthem Executive Director Wide Angel and his staff.

39
SECOND QUARTER REPORT
(1st November, 08 – 31st January, 09)

40
ANNEXURE I

WORKSHOP ON TESTIMONIAL THERAPY IN VARANASI

Workshop on testimonial therapy was organized from 5th January, 09 to 16th


January, 09 in PVCHR office Varanasi, 14 participants from four states
participate in this workshop.

Participants were from Voice of people (V.O.P), Savitri Bai Phule Women
Forum (S.W.F), Sumitra Sansthan Hamirpur, Dalits Association for social &
Human Rights Awareness (DASRA) Bihar, Dalits foundation, Sikhar
Prashikshan Sansthan (S.P.S) Chunar, Public Union for Civil Liberties
(PUCL) Madhya Pradesh, Lok Samiti, PVCHR & Uttarakhand Youth
Sangathan Organization.

Schedule of the workshop and pre – departure guideline with the invitation
letter was sent to the participants through speed post. During workshop
translator was provided for those participants who were unable to understand
English language.

SCHEDULE OF WORKSHOP

The workshop was divided into two sessions


1). Theoretical
2). Practical

WEEK ONE: THEORETICAL (ROLE PLAY)

5 Jan – 9 WORKSHOP ON Theory


Jan, 09 TESTIMONIAL
THERAPY
Monday Morning (1) Psychological Depression, PTSD,
5 January 10 -12 trauma psychosocial
am
(2) Testimony as a History
psychological healing Existential, political exposure

41
process
Meditation instruction
(3) Psychosocial
community work
12 -1 pm

Afternoo Lunch
n
(1) Meditation
1 – 4 pm (2) Communication and
active listening (role-
plays)

Tuesday Morning (1) Assessment of Phases in community work


6 January 10 – 12 mental health
am problems: the
questionnaire &
M&E of Assessment Interviews with
interventions victims
Using questionnaire
Lunch
12 – 1
pm (1) Meditation
(2) Communication and
Afternoo active listening: using
n the questionnaire
1- 4 pm (role plays)
Wednesda Morning Procedures for taking a Steps in the manual
y 10 – 12 testimony: Opening
7 January am the story, session one

12– 1 pm Lunch

Afternoo (1) Meditation


n (2) Testimony exercises
1 – 4 pm (role plays): Session
one

Thursday Morning (1)Two processes of Notes

42
8 January 10 – 12 taking
am testimony(dialogue and
writing)
12 – 1 (2) Closing the story:
pm Session two

Afternoo Lunch
n
1 – 4 pm (1) Meditation
(2) Testimony exercises
continued (role
plays):Session two
Friday Morning Delivery ceremony:
9 January 10 – 12 Session three
am Lunch

12 – 1 (1) Meditation
pm (2) Group discussion
:questions and follow
Afternoo up on testimony
n procedure
1–4
pm (3) Summing up

II. SECOND WEEK: PRACTICAL

12 Jan, 09 – TIME WORKSHOP


16 Jan DURATIO ON
N TESTIMONIAL THERAPY
Monday Morning (1) Mindfulness meditation
(2) Preparation meeting: Division of participants in
12January pairs (one is interviewer and the other note-taker). Each
pair will provide two sessions of testimony therapy to a
survivor in the afternoon.

Afternoon Two sessions of testimonies taken with first group of

43
survivors

Evening Interviewers and note-takers correct and write the


testimonies

Tuesday Morning (1) Mindfulness meditation


(2) Supervision and process analysis meeting: Each pair
13 January reports experiences and problems from the day before:
what went well and what were the problems
encountered

Afternoon Two sessions of testimonies taken with second group of


survivors

Evening Interviewers and note-takers correct and write the


testimonies

Wednesday Morning (1) Mindfulness meditation


(2) Supervision and process analysis meeting: Each pair
14 January reports experiences and problems from the day before:
what went well and what were the problems
encountered
Afternoon
Two sessions of testimonies taken with third group of
survivors
Evening
Interviewers and note-takers correct and write the
testimonies

Thursday Morning (1) Mindfulness meditation


(2) Supervision and process analysis meeting: Each pair
15 January reports experiences and problems from the day before:
what went well and what were the problems
encountered
Afternoon
Two sessions of testimonies taken with fourth group of
survivors
Evening
Interviewers and note-takers correct and write the

44
testimonies

Friday Morning (1) Mindfulness meditation


(2) Supervision and process analysis meeting: Each pair
16 January reports experiences and problems from the day before:
what went well and what were the problems
encountered
Afternoon
Plans made for a delivery ceremony: where will it take
place and how will it be done (privately, in a public
space, in a community meeting?)

Summing up, feed-back and closure

DETAILS OF WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS:

There were 14 participants in the workshop. Below follows a summery of


their personal data and professional backgrounds.

45
S. Name Age Male Femal Education Eng Eng Eng Work Organization
no e goo some non
d e
1 Mr. Kok 45 X High X Human PUCL
Singh Tomar School Rights
defender
2 Mr. Satya 23 X P.G X 4 year Voice of People
Prakash Dev Diploma in experience (VOP)
Pandey Human in social
Rights work and
2 year as
district
human
rights
monitor
3 Ms. Renu 25 X M.A in X Work as Savitri Bai Phule
Singh Social counselor Women’s Forum
work in AIIMS, (SWF)
New Delhi
& State
Law
Associates
(SLA)
4 Ms. Rekha 23 X Graduation X Working Savitri Bai Phule
with home as Women’s Forum
science communit (SWF)
y worker
5 Mr. Harish 32 X Intermediat X Grass root Lok Samiti
Chadra e with (Bio activist
Sonkar – group)
6 Mr. Manoj 32 X Graduation X Human Voice of people
Singh (Art) Right (VOP)
defender
7 Mr. Brij Lal 30 X High X Dalit Dalit foundation
School fellow
working
for dalit
right
8 Mr. Mahesh 25 X Graduation X Dalit Dalit foundation
(Art) fellow
working
for dalit
right
9 Mr.Narendra 24 X M.Com X Activist Sumitra
Singh three years Sansthan
experience
10 Mr. Sushil 27 X P.G X Activist DASRA
Kumar diploma in three years
journalism experience
11 Mr. Prem 22 X Intermediat X Human S.P.S.

47
Kumar e (Bio rights
-group) defender
12 Mr. Lakhan 32 X Graduation X Human PVCHR &
Chilwal (Art) rights Uttarakhand
defender youth Sangathan
13 Mr. Satish 35 X M.A Social X Three year S.P.S
work experience
as activist
14 Mr. Manoj 31 X Graduate in X Working PVCHR
Kumar Law as
Pandey advocacy
coordinato
r

{The age of the participant’s range from 22 to 45. 12 of them were male and 2 of them were female. 5 of the participants
had an MA degree (in social work, human rights, journalism and commerce); 5 had a BA (Law, sociology and home
science); 3 had only an intermediate school education with Biology stream and two had only High School education. 8
understood English, and 4 spoke it well. 2 did not understand any English.}

48
FIRST WEEK (THEROTICAL AND ROLE PLAY)

(I) DAY ONE

(a) MORNING SESSION:

INTRODUCTION OF PARTICIPANTS AND TESTIMONIAL


THERAPY:

The workshop start with the formal introduction of the participants and Dr.
Lenin introduced Ms. Inger Agger and briefly enrich them about testimonial
therapy in India.

DR. LENIN explains why PVCHR accept this therapy: Normally we do


advocacy of police torture victim i.e. Meta –Legal and legal and only
support victim in the medication and strike, however we did not provide
psychological support. If survivor is more serious or showing lots of
psychological symptoms will be referred to psychiatry. Torture is happening
every where, torture is an abnormal incidence in the context of the normal
life of the human being. If abnormal incidence happened it will adversely
affect life of survivor. He briefly explained the impact testimony therapy in
the case of Kaju, Jaswant and Ram Prasad Bharti.

Dr. Lenin explaining participants


MS. INGER AGGER explain about the Testimony, history of testimonial
method, Traumatic stress, Traumatic stress symptoms, Type of stressor, and
psychosocial community work.

She states some of you might have already taken the story of the survivor for
the legal and you know how to take legal testimony. In the month of May
manual “Giving Voice” Using Testimony as a Brief Therapy Intervention in
Psychosocial Community Work for Survivors of Torture and Organized
Violence for community workers and Human Rights defenders in India. If
you will not share pain and anxiety it will create stress. It is important to
share your pain and agony otherwise you will be in stress. Survivor feel
hesitate. In the next week you will hear lots of traumatic stories. We will try
to psychologically heal survivor with the testimonial therapy.

(b) AFTERNOON SESSION:

MEDITATION & COMMUNICATION EXERCISE: ACTIVE


LISTENING

After lunch Ms. Inger Agger briefly explained about meditation and its instruction, first
day Ms. Inger Agger gave the instruction it was decided to change the role of instructor
day by day.

Participants doing mindful meditation

50
ACTIVE LISTENING THROUGH ROLE PLAY

After meditation the participants learn principle of active listening


through role play. The participants were divided into the pair of two one
was interviewer and other was note taker. Each pair will use the rules of
communication and active listening to describe the trauma (10 minutes
each) and take 5 minutes each to tell one another about an experience you
have strong emotions about and secondly they will evaluate how the
person asking the questions felt and how the person telling the story felt.
In other groups of two, let each person talk about 5 minutes to tell
something about him/herself. The listener should use the techniques of
active listening given below:

 - Open questions
 - Repetition of small phrases
 - Summaries of facts and feelings

She also state that participants for Non-verbal behaviour that is:
 Look at the person with sufficient but not excessive eye contact
 Feel the interest in the other person
 Show in the posture of your body that you are interested in the other
person

Participants will evaluate the trauma stories and identify some of the
reactions mentioned

Participation doing role play in the pair of two

51
Participants were asked to image /create some traumatic story or share
his/her own trauma and role changed after ten minutes. Participants share
their feeling after role play

DR. LENIN EXPLAIN

• Male Interviewer should not have too much eye contact with female
survivor.
• Male interviewers not to lean towards the female survivor.
• Always use open question while taking the question.
• Don’t try to immediately ask question related to trauma.
• Torture is done to make survivor silent, so let the survivor speak
his/her trauma.
• Interviewer should be calm and respect the feeling of the survivor.

(II) SECOND DAY


(a) MORNING SESSION

On the second day Ms. Inger Agger briefly explained about the procedure of
taking testimony and also explain about filling of the questionnaire and Dr.
Lenin explained this M&E questionnaire in Hindi to the participants and
they were also directed how to fill the questionnaire:-

• The part I and II of the monitoring and evaluation questionnaire will


be filled in the session one i.e. Opening the story
• The III and IV part in the second session i.e. closing the story and
• Follow up of the survivor i.e. C part will be done one month after the
delivery ceremony.

Participants did role play with the same pair as were on the first day and they
fill I and II part of the Monitoring and Evaluation questionnaire.

AFTERNOON SESSION

(b) MEDITATION & COMMUNICATION THROUGH ROLE PLAY

Again afternoon session start with the meditation and again participants starts
continuing communication exercise with the III and IV part of the questionnaire.

52
Participants filling M&E questionnaire in role play

PROBLEM ENCOUNTERED:

• Few participants were finding difficulty in numbering the


participation scale
• Three participants were finding difficulty in differentiating between
Primary Victim and Secondary Victim and filling in relation with the
survivors.
• Two participants only mention the name of Interviewer and not of the
note taker.

(III) THIRD DAY

(a) MORNING SESSION

PROCUDURE FOR TESTIMONY, SESSION ONE AND GUIDLINE


FOR WRITING GOOD TESTIMONY

MS. INGER AGGER explained the healing element of testimonial therapy,


when testimony is needed, who will take the testimony and the duration of
the session will be from 90 – 120 minutes.

She also suggested participants not to take the testimony in referral are not
advised if:

53
 The survivor suffers from severe depression or other psychotic
symptoms. In this case, the survivor should be referred to a
psychiatrist;
 If the survivor is active in a self-healing process of political or human
rights activism;
 If the survivor is not motivated for therapy.
 A staff member with a medical, psychological or social work
background should evaluate referrals for testimony therapy and pass
the referrals on to trained community workers or human rights
defenders.

QUALITIES OF WRITING GOOD TESTIMONY

Dr. Lenin explains the participant guideline for writing a good testimony
as prior to this workshop gaps in writing skill was identified. He appeal

(a) Format for Writing of final Soft testimony

1. Details of Victim: from ME Questionnaires


2. Alleged perpetrators: from ME Questionnaires
3. Date & Place of incident: From ME Questionnaires
4. Testimony: Story about the crime and trauma (session 1 and 2)

(b) Testimony should include


• When and what happened to him/her in full details?
• Who did it (Please give the details)?
• What is the impact of torture on survivors’ life and family?
• Emphasis on details description of TOV and trauma.
• Details of step taken by survivors and responses (impunity
mapping).

(c) Focus on Human Rights Violation in both processes

• Concentrate on the Human Rights violations which happened to


the survivor. Incorporate mental & physical pain of the survivor.

• Consolidation of fragmented story in the chronological order.

54
(d) Language

Testimony should be written in plain, concise, grammatically and correct


language by the interviewer in Hindi.

 Avoid flowery language, slang, etc.


 Use simple words instead of complex ones: don’t make the reader
rush for a dictionary.
 Do not repeat yourself
 Always write testimony in first person (I form)

(e) Checklist
 Before writing the “Soft” testimony interviewer will be sure that he
passes through the various measures and themes which are essential
for writing a good testimony.

 Make sure that testimony is written in the chronological order, is clear


and makes sense.

They are carefully edited and approved

 The interviewer must take interest in what he/she is writing, and take
care to go over the document before submitting it.

 Errors of spelling, grammar and sentence construction must be


corrected. If necessary, an external editor should review and edit the
document before it is submitted.

ROLE PLAY

Dr. Lenin, Mr. Upendra and Mr. Manoj Kumar Pandey (Adv) did role play
for making participants more clear how to take testimony.

55
{Story: Interviewer (Dr. Lenin) and Note taker (Mr. Manoj Kumar
Pandey) went to survivor name Kaju (Mr. Upendra) house for taking
testimony. Survivor was involved in the fake case of murder and
severely tortured by the police in the custody. Now the police is giving
threat to him. He was not willing to give testimony as he afraid police
will again create problem to him, however after psycho – education
he trust on them}.

AFTERNOON SESSION:

In the role play participants were divided into group of three, one
interviewer, one note taker and one Survivor. The survivors were given 5
minutes to study the pain and trauma and they were also directed not to
look the story while giving testimony. Roles were exchanged and every
participant played the role of Interviewer, Note taker and Survivors. After
role play the participant shared the essence of the testimony.

(IV) FOURTH DAY

(a) MORNING SESSION

SESSION TWO: CLOSING THE STORY

56
Ms. Inger Agger explained in the second session, one of the therapists
starts the session by reading the written testimony to the survivor in a
loud voice so that the survivor may hear and ensure that his or her story
has been given voice. The survivor is asked to correct the story or add
any additional details that may have been missed;

Again on second day Dr. Lenin, Mr. Upendra and Mr. Manoj Kumar
Pandey did role play of the second session.

Note taker reading story to the survivor

{Role Play: Note taker (Mr. Manoj) read the story to the survivor
named Kaju (Mr. Upendra) he make few correction and in second
session he more openly inform his trauma. Interviewer asked about
the feeling of the survivor, he said he is feeling very much relief from
inside}

SECOND SESSION:

Role Play:

Again participants sit in the group of three: One interviewer, one note-
taker and one survivor as they were sitting on the first day. Note taker

57
start reading testimony in the loud voice and begin taking a testimony
(session two: closing the story, including reading the story to the
survivor)

 After 20 minutes change roles


 After 20 change role

After role play participants gave few suggestions for the further use of
testimony, which is given below:

• For himself
• Legal support
• For publication and broadcasting
• Urgent Appeal
• Prevention
• Meeting group
• Public
• Street Play and theater

(V) FIFTH DAY

(a) MORNING SESSION: DELIVERY CEREMONY

Ms. Inger Agger explained the motive of organizing delivery ceremony


and Ms. Shabana Khan showed and explained the slide of delivery
ceremony organized in front of District Head Quarter, Varanasi and other
in Ghasia ghetto of Raup Village in Sonbhadra Distrct.

(b)AFTERNOON SESSION:

ROLE PLAY

In the second session Mr. Upendra and Ms. Shabana Khan demonstrate
two type of delivery (honor) ceremony one in front of district head
quarter and second itself in the survivor community. Reading testimony,
honoring survivor by shawl and flower garland, how the survivor feels
when he when he is honored by the respected person.

58
Survivor honored by the political leader

FEED BACK GIVEN BY THE PARTICIPANTS:

• Testimony therapy is good process to heal the survivor of torture and


organized violence (TOV).
• It is new and good therapy for working in area of Human rights.
• Listening, writing and again reading testimony in front of survivor
and giving honor, which is helpful in retaining survivor back again in
the society.
• Lawyer accepts pain and agony which can be used in justice process.
• Due to torture survivor loss his self respect in the society so, this is
good therapy to retain his dignity.
• Its helps to uncensorship the voice of survivor the private pain into
public campaign.
• It help survivor to rehabilitate back in the society so, survivor interact
with his family, group and community.
• Due to elimination of fear and Phobia and gaining of the confidence
are going to become a reason for the less withdrawal of the cases.

SECOND WEEK: PRACTICAL

The group of two one note takers and the other interviewer is every day
interchanged on the performance of the participants. While taking testimony
participants were being monitored. In four days i.e. 12th January, 09 to 15th
January, 09 29 testimonies were taken by the participants, due to excess

59
survivor and qualitative input by existing trained people other participants
Ms. Shruti, Ms. Saba Iqbal and Mr. Daya Shanker Patel (from May
workshop) were called for taking testimony.

THE TWENTY-NINE SURVIVORS WHO GAVE THEIR


TESTIMONIES

The 29 survivors who gave their testimonies were known to PVCHR. Most
of them had all previously given legal testimonies for use in court cases
against the perpetrators. Most of them were selected out of a group of
approximately 80 clients of PVCHR because they had shown evidence of
psychological distress.

21/29 were male, and 9/29 were female, 4 belonged to the upper castes,
while 17 belonged to the “backward” castes and 8 to the “scheduled” castes.
29/29 were Hindus. There were 17 primary victims, and 6 secondary
victims.

PRELIMINARY CONCLUSIONS BASED ON INITIAL


EVALUATION OF THE M&E

The survivors who gave their testimony in Varanasi workshop were mostly
primary victims of torture i.e. 18/29. The perpetrators were almost always
the police and the influential people. The participants ranged in age from 19
to 65 and were predominantly illiterate and few get their schooling up to
secondary and others four receive their education up to graduation and Post
graduation. All of the survivors were Hindu, and most of them were
belonging to lower caste of society. Most of them work as a lower
occupational levels and other are engage in family business and in service,
and do not consider themselves as political activists. Entire survivors were
psychologically tortured and 17 were physically tortured.

60
PROBLEM ENCOUNTERED WHILE TAKING TESTIMONY

• Few Participants were feeling less confident as interviewer.


• Interviewer feels difficulty in controlling survivor as he/she was
non -focused (telling fragmented story).
• Survivors were very quick and interviewer feel to problem in
controlling and Note taker feels problem in writing.
• Survivor was repeating same incidence for several times.
• Survivors was very much result oriented
• Survivor due to social shame does not want to share his/her
trauma.

POSITIVE

• Interviewer tried to control survivor


• Emotion came out and survivor feel relief
• Survivors were feeling calm and confident

FEED BACK GIVEN BY SURVIVOR AFTER TESTIMONIAL


THERPAY

• Never uncensorship himself


• Feeling relief after sharing his trauma
• Focusing on trauma
• Pain and agony
• Unheard
• Patience

SURVIVOR DESIRE FOR HONOR CEREMONY

• In front of district head quarter, tehsil or S.D.M court


• Between the community
• Through street play
• Folk School
• Many testimony and honoring by respected
• People’s Tribunal and hearing
• From where survivor was arrested by police
LIST OF THE SURVIVORS
S. Name Address Age Education Hindu U.C Backward Schedule Male Female Occupation P.V S
no caste V
1 Ved Prakash Sonbhadra 48 High school Y Y Y Govt. job Y
Sharma
2 Nagendra Sonbhadra 53 Intermediate Y Y Y Farmer Y (father)
Bahadur
Singh
3 Jilajeet Sonbhadra 31 Tution Y Y Y Mistry Y
Gupta
4 Devendra Sonbhadra 39 Intermediate Y Y Y Farmer Y (Uncle)
Kumar
Singh
5 Shiv Sonbhadra 47 Secondary Y Y Y Farmer Y
Shanker
6 Rameshwar Sonbhadra 35 Primary Y Y Y Labour Y
7 Ram Sunder Sonbhadra 48 Primary Y Y Y Farmer Y
8 Nandu Sonbhadra 35 Primary Y Y Y Carpenter Y
9 Zalim Varanasi 50 illiterate Y Y Y Driver, Y
Mushar Animal
husbandry
10 Rajendra Varanasi 22 illiterate Y Y Y Seasonal Y
Vanwasi labour
11 Phula Devi Varanasi 45 Illiterate Y Y House wife Y (Wife)
12 Lallan Varanasi 42 Secondary Y Y Y Skilled Y
labour
13 Indral Varanasi 23 Intermediate Y Y Y Student Y
14 Raj Nath Varanasi 68 Illiterate Y Y Y Farmer Y
15 Chote Lal Varanasi 50 Illiterate Y Y Y Farmer Y (Uncle)
16 Bal Govind Varanasi 38 Secondary Y Y Y Farmer Y

17 Mamta Varanasi 41 B.A Y Y Y Teacher Y (wife)


18 Chirauji Varanasi 45 Illiterate Y Y Y House wife Y (wife)
Devi
19 Gulabi Varanasi 35 Illiterate Y Y Y Labour Y (wife)
20 Kalawati Varanasi 50 Illiterate Y Y Y Housewife Y (wife)
21 Shikha Varanasi 32 B.A Y Y Y Teacher Y (wife)
22 Dudnath Pal Varanasi 45 Illiterate Y Y Y Labour Y
23 Ratan Deep Varanasi 36 L.L.B Y Y Y Advocate Y
24 Anupama Varanasi 40 BAMS, MD Y Y Teacher Y (sister)
25 Mohan Seth Varanasi 65 illiterate Y Y Y Business Y
26 Kuldeep Varanasi 23 Primary Y Y Y Business Y
Jaiswal
27 Satyam Varanasi 19 Secondary Y Y Y N.A Y (brother)
Maurya
28 Bhageran Varanasi 48 Primary Y Y Y Business Y
Mahto
29 Shyam Varanasi 29 Secondary Y Y Y Farmer Y
Sunder
Total

P.V – Primary Victim


S.V – Secondary Victim
U.C – Upper cast

63
ANNEXURE - II

I. ADVOCACY OF THE CASES

(a) YOU –TUBE:

 The video footage of Dr. Amar Deep Gupta and his brother
Adv. Ratan Gupta while brutally beaten by the police is
viewed by 1,753 people and 90 people view the video
footage of Dr. Amardeep while giving his testimony.

 The video footage of Dudnath Pal is viewed by 252 people.

(b) WEB NEWS: MYNEWS:

 Testimony of Dr. Amardeep was published on the face to


face column of www.mynews.in and till now 1212 view the
article “Being innocent I was tortured by the U.P police”.
This is top most ranking article published by PVCHR. http://
www.mynews.in/fullstory.aspx?storyid=13411#.

 We did quick testimony of survivor Mr. Dudhnath Pal for


the immediate intervention his daughter Namita Pal Martyrs
due to hunger and malnutrition. The article The Uttar
Pradesh: Family Striving for Basic Amenities
http://www.mynews.in/fullstory.aspx?storyid=11758 Uttar
Pradesh: A minor girl sacrifices her life due to negligence
of administration http://www.mynews.in/fullstory.aspx?
storyid=12431.On 10th December, 08 Human rights activist
lit candle to pay homage to Martyrs Namita Pal. Asian
Human Rights Commission Hong Kong based organization
release hunger alert
http://www.ahrchk.net/ua/mainfile.php/2008/3065/ and
update http://www.ahrchk.net/ua/mainfile.php/2008/3086/

(c) NEWS PAPER

• On 10th December, 08 i.e. on human right day Amar Ujala and i


–next Hindi newspaper published on the front page of the paper
the story of martyr Namita Pal and Ratan Deep including other
cases of PVCHR. These come as a major story of police torture.

II. INTERVENTION’S

• The online petition by email in the case of Dr. Amardeep Gupta


was sent to office of Director General of Police at
uppcc@up.nic.in.

On 20th November, 08 SP/AD UPPCC respond Thank you for


writing to us. Your complaint has been send to IG complaint cell of
DGP UP at 1 Tilak Marg Lucknow for further action. Your are
requested to wait for reply or contact IG Complaint cell directly at
control room tel no 0522-2208596. Your interaction is extremely
valuable to us.

Again on 12th December, 08 UPPCC send the enquiry report that


the enquiry report of SSP Varanasi has arrived to us that states
that Addl SP Rajeev Malhotra conducted an enquiry take
statements of all concerned officials along with Magistrates, CO,
SO and complainant. During enquiry it comes to light that on the
fateful day an anti encroachment drive was on. The person given
ample time to collect all the material of clinic. The drive was on
the orders of High court under a writ. The persons there created
ruckus and pelted stones towards police in which CO was badly
hurt. After this Doctor and others arrested. Police in order to
control mob took action in which few persons get hurt. CO was
instructed to use patience during such operations. No further
action is required.
Above is the summery of enquiry report given to us.

On 21st January, 09 letter was sent to Director General of Police of


Uttar Pradesh to set up an independent enquiry and to take action
against the responsible police men.

 After that Dudhnath Pal received one lakhs rupees (Rs 100,000/)
from Chief Minister Uttar Pradesh, he was allotted land and
residence was allotted to him under India Awas Scheme. He had
been given Job Card under NREGA. Red card (Antoyadaya card)

65
had been issued to him. His daughter Soni was given financial
assistance from Ms Parul Sharma of Sweden to continue her study.
We did complete testimony of Dudnath Pal in the workshop.

• Testimonial therapy is also used with the survivors of organized


violence. We are giving assistance to provide the survivors, legal
assistance and also giving advice from time to time. In this context
we took testimony of Ms. Anjani Devi survivor of domestic
violence. She has been tortured from her husband and in-laws for
last 15 years. However monitoring & evaluation questionnaire was
not filled by the interviewer and note taker as they were taking the
quick testimony. We are going to use this testimony to struggle
against Domestic Violence.

• Mr. Amirulla and his father Siddiqueulla was bonded labour for
more than ten years. With the initiative of Dr. Lenin member of
district Vigilance Committee on bonded labour under Bonded
labour (abolition) Act 1976, both were released on 23rd November,
2008 by the order of ADM (Administration) Varanasi. Letter was
sent to District Magistrate for the rehabilitation after release on the
order no. 13052 – 56 and 13057-61. Mr. Amirullah and his father
Mr. Sidhiqueulla will receive 20 – 20 thousand Rupees each for
their rehabilitation. PVCHR had helped in opening their bank
account to facilitate them in receiving their compensation amount.
We did testimony of Mr. Amirulla and now he felt relief after
sharing the trauma.

• Case of Ram Prasad Bharti is placed in the report of special


representative of General Secretary of UN on Human Rights
defenders.

• Mr. Kaju alias Kariya resident of Bagwanala under jurisdiction


Jaitpura in Varanasi district. Kaju is charged under section 3 (1) of
Uttar Pradesh Control of Goondas Act, 1970 and on 7th February,
2009 is fixed for producing the evidence and statement. We are
going to submit the testimony of Kaju as supportive evidence in
front of Additional District Magistrate Court (Law and Order).

• On the testimony of Paru alias Paras UPPCC respond kind wait for
the enquiry officers reaches to you for the statement from the

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DGPs office endorsement. It will take some time. We as
webmaster send your information to the complaint cell.

• In the midnight of 28th & 29th January, 09 at about 1:30 am, the
police men entered inside the house of the Dharkar community
situated on the road side at the Hukulganj area of Varanasi district.
They started to beat and threatened those people with the naked
revolver. At last the police men had ruined their hut and lit fire to
vacate that place. As soon as the information came into the
knowledge of PVCHR the activist of PVCHR immediately went to
the place of occurrence at 4 am and reported to both print and
electronic media. Very quickly the attention was given from lot of
people. One activist of PVCHR has gone to take the quick
testimony of the victims and provided him psychological and moral
support to the victims, which leads into the people’s protest at
District Head Quarter of Varanasi by the survivors. In this contest
the PVCHR requested to issue the urgent appeal to AHRC and
AHRC agreed to issue the urgent appeal very shortly. IBN7 did
the live telecast the incidence and the protest and this news was
also placed in Hindi newspaper.

• On 30th January, 09 at 12:30 PVCHR did press conference on the


torture done by the police with the people of Dharkar community
in hotel Kamesh Hut. The news was covered both by the print
(both English & Hindi) and electronic media (Hamar T.V) a
regional channel.

Annexure III

• On 25th January, 09 Dr. Lenin talk about torture and organized


violence and testimonial therapy in a live program Prayas 93.5
SFM broadcast from 12 P.M to 2 P.M with famous radio jockey
Mr. Shudahshu known as Pappu Banarsi. The program was
broadcasted in seven districts of Utter Pradesh known as Mirzapur,
Varanasi, Sonbhadra, Chandauli, Allahabad, Sant Ravidas Nager
(Bhadohi) and Jaunpur.

• A ceremony to honor eight survivors of police torture will be held


on Feb 16, at Raup Village, in U.P., India. The survivors had given
their testimony on violation of human rights, with the joint
endeavor of Varanasi’s People's Vigilance Committee on Human

67
Rights and Denmark’s Rehabilitation and Research Center for
Torture Victim.

The ceremony will be preceded at 10:30 a.m. by inauguration of


Sushil Tripathi School and Community Center by Mr. Satyajeet
Thakur I.A.S commissioner Mirzapur, Ms. Helma Ritsher (Chair,
Indo-German Society Remscheid, Germany) and Prof. Deepak
Malik Banaras Hindu University.

Ghasia ghetto of Raup village is icon of police torture and its


consequences. After the police torture 18 children of Ghasia tribe
died due to hunger and malnutrition, PVCHR and community
started to fight back against it. Due to intervention of National
Human Rights Commission, New Delhi and Supreme Court
commissioner on Right to Food a lot of changes have taken place.
Now-a-days there is no hunger and malnutrition death.

This invitation is being published in ASSOCIATION FOR


COMMUNAL HARMONY IN ASIA (ACHA)
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/IndiaPakistanPeaceDay
www.asiapeace.org & www.indiapakistanpeace.org and also in
www.facebook.com and blogspot of PVCHR.

• Naureen Shah Leonard H. Sandler Fellow from Asia Division,


Human Rights Watch interviewed 10 survivors who already gave
their testimony. She stated that the survivors were chronologically
telling their self suffering.

• Pre – arrangement for Ranchi workshop

On 23rd December, 08 Dr. Lenin and Ms. Shirin Shabana Khan


went to Ranchi for making arrangement of Ranchi workshop from
23rd February, 09 to 6 March, 09.

In Ranchi they met with the various organizations like Jan


Madhyam, CREJ, Manthan, Lok Swar and many other Human
Rights activist. Dr. Lenin briefly introduced Testimonial therapy
and they had given warm welcome. Logistics and fooding
arrangement for the participants is done in Human Potential
Development Centre (HPDC), Bahu Bazar, Ranchi. Invitation to
the participants from Wide Angel -Manipur, Forum for Fact-

68
finding Documentation and Advocacy - Chattisgarh and Mr.
Chandranath Dani, Orissa and Mr. Venu Gopal from Hyderabad
were sent through email and participants start confirming their
participation by sending their resume. Representative from CRY
will also participate in this workshop.

• On the eve of 60th anniversary of human rights day i.e. 10


December, 08 Laureates of the Gwangju Prize for Human Rights
Award have conveyed their massages to the world. On the occasion
Gwangju Laureates Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi in his message shared
the case of Dr. Amardeep Gupta.
http://www.mynews.in/fullstory.aspx?storyid=13691#. After
looking the video footage May18 foundation put the article
Human Rights: Myth and reality http://eng.
518.org/eng/html/main.html?
act=dtl&TM18MF=05020000&idx=419&page=1and view by 135
people

• On 28th November, 08, eve of the 60th anniversary of the Universal


Declaration of Human Rights Mr. Karmanya Kumar introduced
testimonial therapy in an informal Civil Society Cocktail organized
by Netherlands embassy in New Delhi.

• On 29th December, 08 Core team members discuss for the further


extension of RCT project. Regarding training, publication, Legal
and social follow up of testimony, fellows, model block against
TOV, Comparative study and staffing in this project.

• Manual “Giving Voice” had been translated in Hindi by Mr.


Dhananjay and it was edited by Ms. Shruti and Mr. Upendra. The
Manual is being published. Manual is also published on the
blogspot of PVCHR. The Hindi translation of the manual can be
downloaded from http://www.scribd.com/doc/9836584/Giving-
Voice

• South Korean interns Mr. Taewook Kang translated the testimony


of Dr. Amardeep Gupta in Korean and also picture of Amardeep on
http://dalits.tistory.com/

69
• Dr. Lenin gave petition to Mr. Rahul Gandhi Member of
Parliament (M.P) for the ratification of United Nation Convention
against Torture (UNCAT) http://frank-
hoffmann.blogspot.com/2008/11/video-von-lenin.html

• PARTICIPATION IN PARTNERS MEET: Dr. Lenin


Raghuvanshi and Ms. Inger Agger presented “Testimony as
advocacy and healing” Psychosocial intervention in context of
torture and organized violence in Intervention from without
Brief therapies on 1st December, 08 in the partners meet.

• PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL
REHABILITATION CONFERENCE: Mr. Peter Polatin and
Ms. Inger Agger presented “Testimonial therapy a brief
intervention to improve well being in victims of Torture and
Organized Violence (TOV) in free communication on 3rd
December, 08

• Article is published in Danish language in the RCT news letter


written by A.F Heidi Koch Tokle, Web editor/science writer

70
Annexure IV

Resignation of Mr. Karmanya Kumar

71
ANNEXURE V

PAPER CLIPPING

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Annexure V

LIST OF THE PARTICIPANTS PRESENTS IN ROUND TABLE


DISCUSSION

S. no Name Address
1 Dr. Abha Verma Dr. Abha Verma
C/o S.K Verma
Shastri Marg
Goleghar Gorakhpur

2 Garima Gupta Dr. Rakesh Pandey


Department of psychology
Banaras Hindu University

3 Desh Ratan 11, Nindhyavasini Nagar


Orderly Bazar,
Varanasi – 221002
desh.ratan@sbi.co.in

4 Sandhya Saxena Chetna Institute


Sector C Aliganj
sandhya-se@rediffmail.com

5 Shyam Lal Deva Centre


B -21/100
Bind Bhawan Kamachha
Varanasi
6 Y.A.K.S Joseph Integrated Institute of
Rehabilitation for the disabled
C- 3 Subhas Nager, Albatiya
road
Agra
iirdagra@yahoo.com

7 Dr. T.S Sharma Deva centre, Varanasi


8 Dr. Lenin SA 4/2 A, Daulatpur,
Varanasi- 221002

83
pvchr@yahoo.com

9 Saba Iqbal People’s Watch U.P


S-6 25/26 Police line crossing
Varanasi
sabaiqbal12@yahoo.com

10 Dr. Inger Agger RCT, Denmark


11 Dr. R.G Sharma 88, Saket Nager Varanasi
12 Raj Kumar People’s Vigilance Committee
on Human Rights
SA 4/2 A Daulatpur, Varanasi
raj.kachawa@gmail.com

13 Anup Srivastava People’s Vigilance Committee


on Human Rights
SA 4/2 A Daulatpur, Varanasi
anup.obra@gmail.com

14 Daya Shanker Patel People’s watch –U.P (NPPT)


15 B-21/100 Kamachha Varanasi
16 Dr. Madhuri Agrawal Vasant Kanya Mahavidyalaya
Varanasi
17 Dr. Sanjay Gupta Head of Department
Department of psychiatry, IMS
Banaras Hindu University

18 Karmanya Kumar People’s Vigilance Committee


on Human Rights
SA 4/2 A Daulatpur, Varanasi
karmanya555@yahoo.co.in

19 Dr. Arvind K. Gupta Chetna Psychiatry centre


Aurangabad, Varanasi
cpcvns@rediffmail.com

20 Dr. P.C Shukla Professor of special education


Faculty of education
Kamachha Varanasi
21 Dr. Nilima Srivastava Maa saraswati balika
Mahavidyalaya
Chandpur Varanasi

84
22 Subhas Chandra Rai St. Atulanand Convent school
Varanasi
23 Keshri Narayen Singh Village Bibipur Azamgarh
Contact no. +919450820100
24 Anupam People’s Vigilance Committee
on Human Rights
SA 4/2 A Daulatpur, Varanasi

25 Siddique Hasan Convener


Bunkar Dastakar Adhikar
Manch
26 Shruti PVCHR/SWF
27 Upendra Kumar People’s Vigilance Committee
on Human Rights
SA 4/2 A Daulatpur, Varanasi

28 Dr. A.K Jaiswal Department of psychology


T.D college Jaunpur
arunjaisawal@indiatimes.com

29 Khalid S. Mohd 118 Nakhas Kohna


Allahabad -3
30 Frauke Hollerbach Weyertal 20, 50937 Koln
Germany
frauke.hollerbach@gmx.de

31 Taewook Kang South Korea, Gwanju city


layker37@gmail.com

32 Dr. Ajay Tiwari Sankat Mochan, Varanasi


ajaytiwari_vns@yahoo.com

33 Shirin Shabana Khan PVCHR


sshirinkhan@gmail.com
shabana@pvchr.org

34 Mobin Lohta, Varanasi


35 Ram Narayen Deva Centre
B-21/100
Bind Bhawan Kamachha
Varanasi
36 Dr. Gajendra Singh 5, Karyalaya Bhawan

85
Durgakund Varanasi- 5
37 Madhurima Singh SOS children’s village
Chaubeypur, Varanasi
madhuhoney@gmail.com

38 Dr. K.C Gurnani Agra


39 Adarsh Department of psychology
40 Ajay Singh PVCHR
ajay_78@yahoo.com

41 Jai Kumar Mishra PVCHR

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