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Speech delivered by the President of the Council of State of the Republic of Cuba, Fidel Castro Ruz, on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Foundation of the People's Republic of China, in the Universal Hall of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR), on September 29, 1999
As you can see, they were closing the curtains [laughter], but I looked at my watch and noticed we had a little time left. That's why I thought it would be worthwhile to use these minutes to add a few brief thoughts about what was said here.
A few days ago we were busy with a great number of activities but we often thought that it would now be 50 years since the Chinese Revolution, not only the revolution, but also the independence of China. And that was of really great historical importance.
Similar words are often used, but now we are faced with a real event, a date of real historical importance. And I asked myself: How are we going to commemorate it, what relevance are we going to give it? That's why I asked about the program they were going to have. I asked the Ambassador and first he told me there would be a reception in the Embassy on the evening of the 30th and warmly invited me.
I answered, "Ambassador, the evening of the 30th is not the anniversary of the triumph of the Chinese Revolution!"
And he said, "Yes, because at that hour on the 30th in China it's already the 1st of October."
And, actually, the reception was not being organized for the 2nd, which would have been the result of organizing it, as is traditionally done, on the first. By doing it tomorrow night, on the 30th, it would coincide perfectly with the day of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Also, I know that they have set up television screens so that the guests can view the parade and the commemoration in Tiananmen Square.
China was represented in the Security Council and the United Nations by Taiwan. we could say. because there was a very strong blockade. Today. I have already mentioned the Caribbean. like the Caribbean sister islands of Anglophone extraction still not independent. This was achieved in 1971 when it was no longer possible to resist world public opinion and the growing membership of the United Nations. The oldest country in the world. They kept Taiwan there. 1959. achieved independence. as was its right according to all the agreements made during the Second World War. just as today. the defeated puppet government. the most ancient civilization in the world was not represented in the Security Council. Indonesia.I was very pleased that the Ambassador remembered that Cuba was the first Latin American country to recognize the People's Republic of China and to establish relations with it. We had to fight hard. the most populous country in the world was ignored completely. there was total obedience to the United States in our hemisphere. I would say that event achieved its full significance within the present world situation due to China's importance and weight. At the time. which continued to be an ally of the United States. of the modern ones. every year. Since we also became independent on January 1. many countries. In fact. it did not take long to establish relations with the People's Republic of China. Today China is incomparably greater than it was when its status as a member of the Security Council was finally accepted. also a heavily populated Asian country. achieved its independence. and that is that when the Cuban Revolution triumphed. we fight the blockade. 26 years later. At that time. many African countries and other areas of the world won their political independence-countries of great weight. India. The independence of those islands increased the strength and spirit of independence in this hemisphere. But he remembered something more. and that was the case in many parts of the world. but no one here in Latin America then had relations with the People's Republic of China. was not an ally of the United States. . and it was the determination and tenacity of this struggle that finally won China its basic rights. mostly of the Third World. another of the most populous countries in the world besides China. Consequently many countries were added. Many others in the Middle East received independence. And as an example of imperialist imposition. Japan was occupied for many years and gradually achieved the rights of a sovereign nation. an effort of total isolation. We fought for the recognition of the People's Republic of China and for it to occupy its rightful seat on the Security Council as one of its permanent members. After the Second World War. only the Soviet Union. as did many in the South Pacific. one of the permanent members of the Security Council. including Cuba. where there were even many countries.
and they reached the Chinese border. their intervention in the Korean conflict. without mechanical means. has a friend among the Security Council's permanent members. In the desperation of their defeat. the enormous sacrifices of that people after the triumph of their revolution and their independence. no less than one million Chinese volunteers took up arms and participated in that conflict together with the Korean people." because it does not own the world but almost all the world. that Third World. that is. its agriculture. China has used it only on exceptional occasions-perhaps Alarcon knows how many. I do not want to dwell on these subjects but I recall the years of the economic blockade of China. They inflicted a severe and terrible blow to the interventionist troops of the United States and its allies until reestablishing the situation that existed before that war. just as Cuba was not. crossing mountains. troops under the command of MacArthur. For example. the Third World has a country that is a friend.China has been the country that has least used its veto power in the Security Council. During the earlier years it had the collaboration of the Soviet Union-to some extent. There.S. And I also remember the U. there were many in the United States who favored attacking beyond the Chinese border. It was during a severe cold. I have to say it that way. until the day of the Revolution's triumph. the Chinese expressed solidarity with the Vietnamese people. This event cannot be forgotten nor can the thousands of lives Chinese troops lost. a determined support that I know the Chinese appreciated very much. which supported China so often. until differences and difficulties arose between them.SR offered. its infrastructure were practically destroyed-a support the U. because the country was not fully independent. Later the economic blockade continued. with total air control by the United States and its allies and even threatening to use nuclear weapons. a country that they divided and that is still divided. the present border between the two parts of Korea. At . Very soon after their war of liberation. Today.S. until they reached the point that is still today that line-a tremendous battle. The Yankee imperialists also intervened in Viet Nam and unleashed a genocidal war. I remembered something that was not mentioned here: the suffering of the Chinese people. I have talked to some who participated in that counter-attack. they were economically blockaded for a long time. On the other hand. the "master of the world. has used this right an infinite number of times. because the Soviet Union had just come out of a terrible war where its industry. The advance of the Chinese troops was uncontainable in spite of the enormous differences in military power. almost totally isolated.
we must say. These cultural features are a very important force with which to defend the identity. It's worth mentioning. There was also an enormous feeling of solidarity with Viet Nam by our people. as mentioned here. these criminal policies. China had a millennia-long culture. wars. not precisely of Latin origin nor. but at the time it was a record. In one sense in particular they have an enormous advantage compared to Cuba. its own very complex writing. they have advantages in many things. They were blockaded for 28 years. the mercenary invasions. they had recovered important rights such as that seat in the Security Council. and in spite of errors. the United States began to understand that its position on China was unsustainable from the point of view of rights. It is not an easy language. the culture inherited from the West. They demonstrated to the world that it was possible to fight and win against imperialism. The events mentioned are irrefutable proof that this lunacy. and a territory. and we are now going on 40 years. In fact. They had a millennial language. The lesson of Viet Nam marked important turning points. They suffered a harsh economic blockade for many years. I could add other advantages: They did not live in the West as we do. But it was also unsustainable according to its own economic interests. This victory was obtained during the 1970s. who supplied weapons and gave political support to the Vietnamese who fought heroically and were victorious.6 million square kilometers. there were two countries. and independence of a great country and are less susceptible to penetration by the western culture that surrounds us. and that is the fact that their population-they are have a little more-their population was about one hundred and twenty times more than that of Cuba. undoubtedly a country of great natural resources. I would say that Cuba's resistance to the blockades. You can see what the Ambassador explained: after 25 years of conflicts. the integrity. The Chinese had to endure so many hardships after the war. as the Ambassador pointed out. a little less than us. to a large extent. After all the blows it has received from many parts. a growing respect in the world. of various kinds of difficulties that . Cuba also made its modest contribution of a free annual supply of sugar for the Vietnamese during the war years. but only as an expression of the good will and the spirit of solidarity of our people who also offered total political support. of the United Nations Charter and everything else. China was an enormous potential market. China and the Soviet Union. of Western origin. marked other little points that were also important in that struggle. the threats of nuclear war and all that. We are bearing. almost one hundred times ours and. The Chinese people's great advantage is its language. of political principles. and blockades. of 9. and for how long! But imperialism was repeatedly defeated. I have no way of knowing how much it evolved since the period before our times.the time. cannot last forever.
as the Ambassador explained. from the beginning when it organized its first nucleus of the Chinese Communist Party during the twenties. they greatly contribute to the supply of fresh produce in the city.8 percent for 21 years has no precedent in the history of any human society. But undoubtedly the economic advances were slowed down considerably by the economic blockade to which subjective factors were added as well. theoretical contributions to Marxism to which they later added theoretical and practical contributions of Deng Xiaoping. its rich history and. There is no precedent. When. they grew since 1978. specifically vegetable production. we would have no right to judge each internal event in China-but. together with deep social changes. among the outstanding events. So. a military achievement that is unparalleled in history-and history has many military achievements. dedicated to agriculture. along with a theory and through a revolution that won. to a political science. also contributed to the advances of the Chinese people. as I said. the Chinese built great seawalls rock by rock to prevent flooding and promote irrigation. After this. for 21 years. I remember that after the revolutionary triumph. theoretical contributions to the revolutionary struggle. they had to recognize the rights of China and all the blockades disappeared and they rectified some errors-I don't call them errors but rather their points of view. in my opinion. the independence of that great nation. they had made certain corrections. They are a people. Added to this is the undeniably hard-working characteristic of the Chinese people. had overcome certain errors and everyone commits errors and that cannot be denied. to Marxism-Leninism. you can see the extraordinary rhythm of progress in the country. this spirit of labor is an important factor that. By then. and above all. That is recognized everywhere in the world and. And when all the blockades ended. it is acknowledged because. . the long march. really very hardworking. they had already achieved important advances. Many social programs were begun from the very triumph of the Revolution. What he read here-I was just looking over a copy of the speech and had already heard about some appearances of the Ambassador-a sustained average growth of 9. in Cuba. I did some calculations of how many times it doubled its economic production during that period. as he pointed out. to which they added important theoretical contributions of Mao Zedong. there has never existed anything like this figure. a true and exemplary revolution when you analyze its roots. It is truly very satisfying to listen to the Ambassador reaffirm that these successes were possible due to the political ideology. they achieved this impressive record because.occurred in its own internal policy at a time when the West had no other choice but to acknowledge the rights of China.
Even the Taiwanese. the universal recognition of this right. more so than the Isle of Youth is ours. a war against the Japanese militarists and. There was a time that the others. The country demanded its rights. the Puppets and reactionaries were fighting a foreign invasion. This possession is an unquestionable right of the Chinese nation. like the keys to the north of Cuba. It absolutely cannot be denied that it is an internal problem of China. and that is what they demand: respect for the sovereignty of their country. However. And those who served reaction and Yankee imperialism at the end of the Second World War. speak the Chinese language and have Chinese culture in spite of the western penetration they have received. That position was maintained by force. . Many times the Communists had to fight against the nationalists of Chiang Kai-Shek and against Japanese troops. took refuge on the little island of Taiwan. day by day. This cannot be forgotten. demanded recognition. and I am sure that they will not. they were not serving the people nor the true independence of the country and they made all kinds of errors and had all kinds of weaknesses. surrounded by large enemy units of the puppet government that was supplied with all the weapons it needed. At times these included snow-capped mountains. spoke for 22 years of only one China completely integrated. of different ethnicities.S. which is an integral part of Chinese territory because it was a part of China for an infinite length of time. until they reached the base that would be their permanent site during the war of liberation. No one has the right to interfere. Ah! What was the first military intervention by the United States to secure Taiwan? I remember. with hundreds of divisions. until recently. and especially in the Security Council. In spite of this. What it determined with all its rights was that it would not admit the loss of part of its territory. constantly outmaneuvering the enemy. joined forces with the revolutionary Chinese. the so-called nationalists. the U. wide and rushing rivers. And that great military achievement occurred in very difficult conditions. The country did not have conditions for that battle. They are not demanding the union of two different nations. They have said it categorically. that they will not permit it. and wanted to solve the problem peacefully. Until recently they have been speaking in this language. and other times. to some extent. and different cultures. they made a decisive contribution to the defeat of the Japanese militarists. who were crushingly and irreversibly defeated. always surrounded by large forces. nor did the country want to wage this battle. fleet took up a position between the continent and the island of Taiwan. as I have the hope that this problem and the recognition of the theory and the practice of the inalienable rights of China occur without any form of war or loss of blood. overcoming natural barriers. During the days of the Korean War.We have read some books on what constituted that advance. Those who live there are of Chinese nationality. These events are also in the pages of modern Chinese history. the tearing up of its country through the declaration and recognition of an independent republic of Taiwan.
They promised those who stayed in Hong Kong the existing economic and social systems. a patience we should all learn from and that. the existing institutions but under Chinese sovereignty. also very populated. I mentioned the history of opium. The proof of the peaceful spirit of China is the fact that. The Ambassador recalled and Machadito also mentioned the problem of Hong Kong. India. did not have so much patience and. we have. the little piece that was in the hands of a European country and it would be done peacefully through an agreement made thanks to Chinese patience. They did not use force to recover that territory and with the help of time and international support they are recovering all the rights they were stripped of. partially. It is a good example of the peaceful spirit of the People's Republic of China. while they talk of only one China. They waited and that year took possession of the territory. at a certain time. Then. took over a Portuguese enclave that was on Indian territory. The Ambassador mentioned how they had broken up the country. And if we have not learned from it we have figured out on our own because the duty of all revolutionaries it to also act with the necessary wisdom. They recalled that this same year Macao would be returned. How many crimes were committed against that great . even though the Portuguese enclave of Macao had no form of defense. the British Empire took over that territory and the West unleashed a war and sent troops who reached Beijing to impose the rights of the Western powers over the opium trade with China. Today much is said against drug trafficking.What is really happening today is that the United States and other western countries. they did not take advantage of the circumstance or any situation to take over the enclave. That is a historical truth. They have also made this offer to Taiwan. supply the separatist government of the island with the most modern and sophisticated weapons and nourish the movement against the integrity of China. disgraceful colonial wars. To make things easier. They knew how to have the necessary patience until the day came when the West and the world had no other choice but to acknowledge the right of the People's Republic of China to the reintegration of this piece of its territory seized by colonial wars. He could mention many other things. with an even broader scope. they thought of a country with two systems. a neighboring country.
as well as other minerals. in favor of integration into the European Economic Community. of this millennium. At a time when many peoples. a country that had been exploited by external and internal exploiters. primarily the United States. The move is inexorably toward integration in that community. mainly gas and oil. You can see the disaster of disintegration of the Soviet Union countries. and how many rights were denied and ignored until they were reestablished in the course of the final two-thirds of this century! Respect the people! Respect territorial integrity! This is not the time to break up nations. to invest and establish its hegemony. That is what the People's Republic of China demands. . or of this century about to begin. could maintain neutrality during the First and Second World Wars. And Switzerland. a country that was poor. only a small fraction is lacking to make a majority-could not live alone in the Alps. I already mentioned under what conditions. More than 20 years of fierce battles against the internal and external enemies of the Chinese people. and peacefully wipe out borders. separated by borders. products of which they are very rich.nation until mid-century. The countries of Central America fight for integration. The country destroyed. The world doesn't move towards disintegration. along with 49 percent of the people. Latin America fights for it. no small nation can exist isolated in practice. it moves towards integration. against foreign invasion. the People's Republic of China of today. its domination and its possession of the fundamental resources of the former republics. the countries of the Caribbean fight for integration. I will say more: Switzerland a country traditionally very protective of its sovereignty that. And now. due to its excellent geographic position in the heart of the Alps. isolated from the rest of the European community. is very different from that republic that arose 50 years ago in a country devastated by many years of war. It is not only a historical fact but also a principle of the modern world. join together. Everything needed to be built. I know because I went there and spoke with leaders who were. In the future. by flags and hymns fight for integration. a disintegration that became a race of all to run. The countries of South America fight for integration. a necessity of modern life. Added to this was the revolutionary war. Who has the right to support the disintegration of China? Who has the right to deny China's demand for acknowledgment of its sovereignty over Taiwan? It is absurd that when the entire world is integrating that someone should call for the disintegration of a piece of China.
especially for the countries of the Third World that are totally unprotected in this crisis. negative in several countries. and to protect its exports and economic growth could devaluate the yuan. You can see how great the danger was that Latin America as a whole grew. but when the Asian crisis devaluated the currencies in many countries with a certain level of development-the so-called Asian tigers. the prestige of the country grew last year more than the 7. China could have devaluated the yuan to protect itself against that competition. especially since 1998 in that crisis that began in Southeast Asia and that lead the second world power in the field of economy. since one after the other economy of those countries collapsed with terrible consequences. both for the economy of the world. pride of the neoliberal economy. Mexico was between 4 percent and 5 percent. at least by 20 percent or 30 percent. it acted with a great sense of responsibility.5 percent in 1999. Japan. several important countries. The world was shaking-the world! Not just the Third World but also the industrialized world was shaking thinking of the idea that China. In other words. and if it grew 0.8 percent that Machadito mentioned referring to the growth of the Chinese economy. with its rights. But I think its prestige deserved a growth of 200 percent because no one can imagine the . It was a very serious world economic threat that has not yet been overcome. pride of imperialism as an example of what can be achieved through their adverse formulas-and when they fell in a matter of days. for this reason alone. if it grew at all. and it is not known with certainty if it will soon be overcome and there is the certainty-at least I have it-that when it recovers it will not be for long. It did not and still there has been no acknowledgement that the People's Republic of China deserves for this service it gave to the world and at the cost of its own economy. by 0. There is something more: the People's Republic of China gave an extraordinary service to the world in recent months. Machadito mentioned their contribution during the Asian crisis. There are countries with growth below zero. that later spread to Russia and was seriously affecting the stocks and shares of the United States exchanges and which threatened to wipe out the economy of Latin America.5 percent it is because the countries with an important weight in the region produced greater growth. It's curious. to maintain the rhythm of increase in its exports and with this maintain an uninterrupted rise in growth. China had made an enormous economic sacrifice without which the crisis would not have been stopped. The prestige of China must have grown.It is a country whose economy strongly moves forward. the Chinese found themselves at a disadvantage because the prices of the merchandize of all these countries cheapened amazingly because with the devaluation of their currency they could export whatever they wanted at low prices. into a deep crisis. It was in a complicated situation because its exports grew year by year.
The battle in the United Nations repeats itself. often. I think it is 29 now-invented a multilateral agreement project of investments to make it an international treaty. That's why it was created although it could be sidetracked to become an instrument of the peoples where we of the Third World are a wide majority. which is responsible for regulating this activity. undoubtedly-the same as other instruments that already exist such as the IMF and similar institutions that have imposed the famous neoliberalism whose consequences our compatriots know about through the thousands of visitors who come from all over the world and the press releases regarding this ever increasing loss of prestige and more damaging-like an instrument of domination. Europe and the United States assume the right to decide who becomes a member and who does not. political and all other forms of United States hegemony. The Third World is interested to have China in the World Trade Organization. The Europeans are trying to create another to protect itself from these super-privileges that exists at the cost of the interests of the rest of the world and benefit. but the member countries of this club known as the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) invented a project that was shrouded in silence. However. breaks the unity. .consequences of a measure of this kind by China. Where this had to be discussed was in the WTO because over a hundred countries were there and not the 30 richest countries. And the WTO is frightful because it can be a terrible instrument against the interests of the Third World. All these subjects are part of the issues that must be discussed to change the existing world order that has been established for that reason. All that imperialism has created since the fall of the socialist camp have been instruments to strengthen its domination in all fields. But the peoples of the Third World are very divided because of their poverty they depend heavily on the United States and the trade institutions and financial organizations it created and that. They did not want to discuss it in the WTO although the WTO was set up as an instrument to strengthen the economic. to a certain extent. an instrument created. investing only in the paper. They are the ones who print the money reserves of the world. They imposed the conditions of that organization as an instrument of imperialism. Today there are bilateral agreements. The club of the rich. a group of rich countries-there are around twenty something. They mounted a great scandal and the authors had to put a stop to it. although it was known and being discussed the contents were unknown. they are haggling over its membership in the World Trade Organization and we are all fighting for the membership of China to the WTO. In the economic sphere it enjoys some incredible privileges that cannot continue to survive. They discussed it behind closed doors and were getting ready to release it when some people-I think it was in France-discovered the text that. by sharing them.
At least it is very clear for me the importance of the ties of the Third World with China and the need for the support of China in that restructuring that can no longer be delayed because China is a permanent member with the right to veto. It definitely needs to be restructured and democratized. Ah. the only China that exists-in the Security Council. It refused to discuss it for many years and will be unable. a right that NATO assigns itself of intervening whenever it wants in any country. as a result of the mobilization of world public opinion. We are the majority in the United Nations as you can see from some of the votes in the UN General Assembly. It no longer corresponds to the present situation in the world. an instrument of resistance to the hegemony of the United States. approved days before that genocidal war. global threats. the Third World with China in the WTO could become an instrument of justice. that is all we have. But it will have to discuss it. for example. all these problems are linked. a world organization that exists. . As I said. those against the blockade. that was founded after the Second World War. right to intervention like the one in Yugoslavia. We are a majority. but this requires tactics and strategies. to which is added the new strategic concept of NATO. the intention of ignoring the United Nations. also. Under certain limits the United States can try to prevent it and will do so for a long time. It is very important to listen here to the Chinese Ambassador asserting that these principles must be defended and that is a fundamental factor of Chinese foreign policy. as it has had to discuss other things. against the current economic order they have imposed which is the important reason to reform the United Nations. through the unity of the nations. That institution must change. that is why we also call for more powers for the UN General Assembly. for a new economic order. The WTO could be an instrument of justice.Acting in unity. All this is linked. One day the General Assembly managed to impose the recognition of China's rights-the real China. It began with around thirty or forty something states controlled by the victorious powers after the Second World War. to prevent the democratization of the United Nations. having almost 200 independent states. The Chinese ambassador clearly explained and mentioned all the concepts of limited sovereignty. He mentioned those principles that imperialism wants to wipe out.
China is a great power in a different way.S. Europe felt so humiliated that the ambition to have its own European forces has taken wing because of the crushing superiority created by its ally. It is their desperation that makes them take this course. Recently. political. in the development of military technology. And those cannot be solved with nuclear or conventional weapons. among other things.Fortunately. we read the declaration of one of the nominees to the presidency of the United States who promised to invest enormous sums in military research to improve conventional weapons. aviation and missiles. China does not yet have it and hopefully it will not need it. It is inconceivable that they assume that right. What is the purpose of all this improvement? Why all that technological development when the Cold War has been long dead? What is the justification for all this weaponry but the clear intention of dominating the world. the denial of its fundamental rights. not only through political and economic measures but also military ones. we had the opportunity to listen to the Russian Chancellor-because Russia exists. It is not a superpower but still is a great power. but Russia is a great nuclear power. What is my opinion about the difference between a superpower and a great power? That the former has the power to destroy the latter fifteen times over and the latter has the power to destroy the other three or four times. and hopefully that will never happen! Russia is a great power. Even Europe was humiliated by its ridiculous role in the war against Yugoslavia since 100 percent of the bombs were made in the United States and 90 percent of the operations were made by U. NATO could intervene because it decides that China posed a global threat due to some internal problem-any kind of problem that might arise. to hold everything in their hands: military. to maintain discipline in this chaotic world? I am not going to try to explain why. That is why I say I hope they never have to become a great nuclear power! But what do the others do? Invest increasingly in weapons. but one is enough. and economic. . but we know very well all the details and the hundreds of arguments for why the world is chaotic. What a difficult ally Europe has and what a dangerous one in every way. and in some ways a much greater power than Russia. What forces China to maintain a technical development in the military field is simply the aggressive policy against it. and strategic concepts that amount to threats. yesterday. It has a nuclear military power that China does not. the interference in its internal affairs. At any time.
They also want to take over and control all the wealth of Russia.S. that relations between Russia and China are improving.R. and in other republics in the region. Now it is not Soviet. Above all. apply conditions. That's good. which is moving towards its borders. It's very good.S. Russia is a threatened country that U.S. right? I said Russian because sometimes we make mistakes out of an old habit. to take over its enormous natural resources. many common interests with other countries. capital. The great capital of the United States is not satisfied with the investments it has made in all parts of the defunct U. All these are issues that worry many nations in the world. Ah.I already told you how pleased I was to listen to the Russian Chancellor-I didn't say Soviet. like the Yugoslav adventure and any others the United States might think up. Since that last experience of the genocidal war. They are not satisfied with their ambitious program of taking over and controlling all that wealth. Europe does not like adventures imposed from the other side of the ocean. for countries like Russia. And in Europe there wasn't only the disintegration of the U.S.R but U.R. we have read. But Russia is a country threatened by NATO. but we are living in new times. We have read that they have adopted similar positions concerning the barbarous war against Yugoslavia.S.S. imperialism wants to see weakened and even torn apart. a new century that will begin in something over a year-because 2000 is the last year of this century. That is not a socialist nation. even upbraiding it a few days ago when they scolded the country in a meeting of the G-7 regarding the financial scandal. We know that they have taken common positions against the alleged right to dismantle whatever it wants to. it is not a socialist country. They want to take over everything there. That's very good. The world feels threatened and we know that well.S. . like they dismantled Yugoslavia and succeeded in dismantling the U. which as I said. lets not forget this-there are great challenges and tasks for the nations of the Third World.S. more proclamations are made of the new strategicmilitary doctrines and enthusiastic political theories intended to ravage the United Nations Charter and establish the rights of the powerful to intervene in any part of the world. It has common interests. for countries like China. is taking over the economies of the old socialist countries. Today The International would not be sung in an event to commemorate something related to Russia. It has them with Europe. and Europe is neither calm nor happy. above all in the area of the Caspian Sea where there are said to be enormous oil and gas reserves.
We know that Russia tries to develop relations not only with Europe but also with the Third World. they take and bring products. many raw materials for our pharmaceutical industry. For various reasons. Who does it hit first? The poor countries. Our ships come and go. we had the Chinese market. The peoples must struggle not only to protect their economy and Rights. I say relative because we know that. A hard battle must be waged in the United Nations. but also must struggle to defend their own survival. that is collapsing and that is capable of collapsing by itself. Scarcely a year ago Mitch hit Central America with devastating damage and now we see images of colossal floods. There is sufficient strength to resist. like the one our delegation waged. They wipe out the environment. and being greater. because the more the delay the stronger the crisis will be. There is much to do battle about and there are many common interests among some of the nations that are members of the Security Council and the rest of the world. they destroy it. the world must be made aware of these realities so that the peoples can resist this order with more strength and contribute to its progressive disappearance. And we heard from the Russian Chancellor words similar to those said today by the Chinese Ambassador referring to the principles that I mentioned previously. worthy to be taken into consideration on a day such as today. we acquired some of them in the Chinese People's Republic. That is why I thought it was necessary to express these thoughts because I feel they are very important questions. Although one is sure that the disappearance will not be very progressive. more so backed by the laws of history and the reality of a system and world economic order that is unsustainable. when we suddenly lost our markets. They have cooperated with our country. although this collapse must be helped along. the nations of the Third World. a visible climactic change and that no one denies. When it was difficult to acquire some supplies. the world is becoming aware of these problems and it is visible. their will to resist. a new concept of the world. We must make them aware that they must prepare for new concepts. to move forward. a new world economic order. And more than aiding in the collapse. the spirit of struggle of the peoples must be lifted. They have a very developed pharmaceutical industry. some that are very difficult to acquire we find in China and at good prices. truly fair. They have developed exchanges and economic . in spite of these rights. like the one that almost occurred. intending to sweep away the rights of the peoples who form part of the United Nations and the principles that provided some measure of relative protection for their sovereignty independence. that must come about as the result of the struggle of the peoples. the United States has intervened in a group of countries during these last decades without anyone's permission-we know that-but always clashing with international law and now they want to do as they please without troubling with any international law or any established principles. during these difficult years. I also wanted to say that. because when a catastrophic economic crisis occurs. But. many raw materials for our drug industry.
and other similar statistics. expressed with exact data that was outlined here to demonstrate that only socialism can solve the problems of the world. the possibility of our peoples. We had the honor of receiving President Jiang Zemin and. aware of our forces. Another great example: The country went through periods of starvation under the domination of the feudal lords and capitalism. as much as possible. that is why I was so deeply moved to hear The International in this event endorsed by what was said here. listening to the words of the Ambassador. an ideological battle. 490 million tons of cereals. thinking about this. always allied with colonial and dominating powers when the population was only 400 million or 500 million. a television for each Chinese family. the potential forces of the world.S. They have also developed political relations with Cuba during the special period. . That is to say.25 billion Chinese. today. in our fist contact. Also. and many other household articles. but there is also strong propaganda against China. a diversionist propaganda using all the mass media possible creating new stations transmitting western ideas. A day doesn't pass where international cables do not appear about internal questions and affairs in China. Today the propaganda concentrates mostly against Cuba. We also see in China. I've extended myself a little more than what I had promised-and to listen to the Ambassador here speak the phrase that received so much applause and in Spanish because he spoke with precision in Spanish. And here the Ambassador explained that they have been capable of producing 40 percent of the eggs produced in the world. like any one of us. and especially the essential resources for life. his political and human conditions. Only socialism can feed 1. the outcry follows.relations with Cuba. That is why he speaks Spanish so clearly. because we read the news cables every day. That is why. madness to the 1. He knows Cuba. give them a home. when he said: "Socialismo o muerte" and when he added "Venceremos" he said something that we are absolutely convinced about. his capacity as a responsible leader and statesman with solid principles. that country feeds approximately 22 percent of the world's population with 7 percent of the world's agricultural lands. If China forbids a small splinter group because they are endangering the stability and union of the country or because of a policy that is treasonable to the interests of this great people. we were not wrong in appraising his intelligence. western consumer habits or U. If China arrests someone for breaking the law. Today the population has tripled and hunger has been eradicated forever. the potential allies of the Third World. the outcry follows immediately. the other country where western propaganda is furious. He lived and worked in Cuba several years ago. I felt a deep satisfaction and was very pleased to attend this event although I had not thought of speaking.25 billion Chinese people-against a country with which it is waging. Most of its leaders have visited our country.
managed their economy with wisdom and managed a 7. and for the poor.8 percent. a Marxist doctrine.8 percent growth under these conditions.And we could say that China is just beginning. They not only endured the crisis and without devaluating the yuan but also performed an incredible service to the world. of scientific socialism. logically there is an important need to create jobs. by the poor. All that has been said today of this story is the fruit of something that is called socialism. They not only endured the Southeastern Asian crisis in those countries where the owners of capital took their money.8 percent growth was by brute force. High reserves of convertible currencies allowed them not only to make the contribution I spoke of about the yuan but of maintaining a rhythm of growth that. if it was not going to depend so much on exports. They must also confront the movement from the countryside to the city as the former increases productivity and produces a surplus of hand labor. That is why I repeat the slogan with which the Ambassador ended his speech: ¡Socialismo o Muerte! ¡Venceremos! A CubaNews translation by Ana Portela Edited by Walter Lippmann and Robert Sandels . Instead. transnationals to acquire companies and factories in any of those countries at a low cost. in spite of the difficulties that oppress the world today.S. also made possible this incredible heroic exploit of resisting 40 years of blockade and almost 10 years of special period. They are able to continue the battle. And in spite of that. How could they manage that if the rhythm of exports fell considerably? Ah! Because of the resources they have been accumulating. a revolution of the poor. It would have been easier to devaluate the yuan but they did not do it. that 7. because in all these tasks of restructuring. It is the fruit of a doctrine that arose to shake the world. They were able to maintain the yuan. they maintained their reserves. would depend on the increase of internal consumption and maintain the rhythm of development for employment. they grew by 7. where the owners of world finances plundered the last dollar of their reserves creating the ideal conditions for the large U. that has.
yahoo.cu/gobierno/discursos/1999/esp/f290999e.Notes on the seventh anniversary of this speech: 9/30/2005: http://groups.cuba.com/group/CubaNews/message/42823 Original Spanish transcript: http://www.html (Shorthand Version-Council of State) .
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