FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets

8-23
May 2008 Page 1 of 30

ROLLED NONWOVEN FABRIC STORAGE

Table of Contents
Page 1.0 SCOPE ................................................................................................................................................... 3 1.1 Changes ............................................................................................................................................ 3 2.0 LOSS PREVENTION RECOMMENDATIONS ....................................................................................... 3 2.1 Construction and Location ............................................................................................................... 3 2.1.1 Building Construction ............................................................................................................ 3 2.1.2 Steel Protection ..................................................................................................................... 3 2.1.3 False Ceilings ........................................................................................................................ 3 2.1.4 Ventilation .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1.5 Water Damage Protection ..................................................................................................... 3 2.1.6 Allowable Loads .................................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Protection ......................................................................................................................................... 4 2.2.1 Highloft Nonwoven ................................................................................................................ 4 2.2.2 Nonwoven Fabric .................................................................................................................. 4 2.2.3 Suppression Mode Sprinkler Protection for Rack and Palletized Storage Of Nonwoven Rolls ...................................................................................................................................... 28 2.3 Human Element ............................................................................................................................. 28 3.0 SUPPORT FOR RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................................. 28 3.1 Test Data ....................................................................................................................................... 28 3.2 Variables Affecting Fire Behavior .................................................................................................. 29 3.2.1 Storage Height .................................................................................................................... 29 3.2.2 Clearance ............................................................................................................................ 29 3.2.3 Storage Methods ................................................................................................................. 29 4.0 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................................... 30 4.1 FM Global ...................................................................................................................................... 30 APPENDIX A GLOSSARY OF TERMS ..................................................................................................... 30 APPENDIX B DOCUMENT REVISION HISTORY ..................................................................................... 30 APPENDIX C SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION ................................................................................... 30 C.1 Loft Factor ..................................................................................................................................... 30

List of Figures
Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. Fig. 1. Double-row racks under 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ...................................................................................... 11 1a. Alternate to Fig. 1 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ................................................ 12 1b. Alternate to Fig. 1 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ................................................ 13 2. Double-row racks under 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ..................................................................................... 14 2a. Alternate to Fig. 2 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ................................................ 15 2b. Alternate to Fig. 2 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ................................................ 16 3. Double-row racks under 25 ft (7.6 m) high. ..................................................................................... 17 3a. Alternate to Fig. 3 for double-row racks under 25 ft (7.6 m) high. ................................................ 18 3b. Alternate to Figure 3 for double-row racks under 25 ft (7.6 m) high. ............................................ 19 3c. Alternate to Fig. 3 for double-row racks under 25 ft (7.6 m) high. ................................................. 20 4. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ..................................................................................... 21 5. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ..................................................................................... 22 6. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ..................................................................................... 23 7. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ..................................................................................... 24 8. Multiple-row racks of any height. ...................................................................................................... 25

©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in whole or in part, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of Factory Mutual Insurance Company.

8-23
Page 2

Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage
FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets

Fig. 9. Multiple-row racks of any height. ...................................................................................................... 26 Fig. 10. Multiple-row racks of any height. Protection using horizontal barriers and in-rack sprinklers. ...... 27

List of Tables
Table Table Table Table Table Table 1. 2. 3. 3. 3. 4. Floor Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric ..................................................................................... 5 Floor Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric—Alternate ................................................................... 6 Double Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric .................................................................. 7 Double Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric (continued) ............................................. 8 Double Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric (Continued) ............................................ 9 Multiple Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric ............................................................. 10

©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. All rights reserved.

Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage
FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets

8-23
Page 3

1.0 SCOPE This data sheet provides fire protection guidelines for indoor storage various types of rolled nonwoven fabrics stored solid-piled or palletized, on end or on side and on-rack, on end or on side. 1.1 Changes May 2008. Section 2.2.3, Suppression Mode Sprinkler Protection for Rack and Palletized Storage of Nonwoven Rolls, was revised. 2.0 LOSS PREVENTION RECOMMENDATIONS 2.1 Construction and Location 2.1.1 Building Construction 2.1.1.1 Buildings may be conventional with storage on-floor or on-racks placed inside the structure, or the racks themselves may form the structure that supports the roof and walls. 2.1.2 Steel Protection 2.1.2.1 When sprinkler systems are installed in accordance with this data sheet, fire protection of roof steel is unnecessary. 2.1.2.2 Provide protection for steel building columns located wholly or partially within storage arrays. A sidewall sprinkler, at the 15 ft (4.6 m) elevation, pointed toward one side of the steel column, discharging 30 gpm (114 dm3/min) is adequate. 2.1.3 False Ceilings 2.1.3.1 If necessary to achieve appropriate clearance over the top of the storage, a false ceiling should be installed over the storage with sprinklers installed below the ceiling. Sprinkler protection should be provided at roof level if the roof or ceiling is combustible. False ceilings should be of substantial construction, capable of withstanding temperatures above 1000°F (538°C) for up to 10 minutes and uplift velocity pressures of at least 3 lb/ft2 (0.14 kPa). Materials suitable for such a purpose include 3⁄8 in. (9.5 cm) plywood, 3⁄8 in. (9.5 cm) gypsum board, corrugated or sheet steel, or mineral tile. Sheets of these materials can be mechanically fastened to the underside of existing framework or supported on framework from above or below. If the false ceiling is hung from existing roof framework, it should be verified that the roof framework can support the ceiling and additional automatic sprinkler piping. 2.1.3.2 If the false ceiling is partial, it should extend at least 10 ft (3 m) beyond any storage and with a row of sprinklers 2 to 3 ft (0.6 to 1 m) inside the edge (storage side of edge) of the false ceiling. 2.1.4 Ventilation FM Global Research recommended protection is based on roof vents and draft curtains not being provided. Fire tests have not shown automatic vents to be cost effective; they may even increase sprinkler water demand. Hence, permanent heat and smoke vents, if any, should be arranged for manual operation. Smoke removal during mop-up operations can frequently be achieved through eaveline windows, doors, monitors, nonautomatic exhaust systems (gravity or mechanical) or manually operated heat and smoke vents. Fire departments can cut holes in steel or wood roofs and can also use their smoke exhausters. 2.1.5 Water Damage Protection 2.1.5.1 Skids, pallets, trenches, floor drains or other suitable means to minimize water damage should be provided. 2.1.6 Allowable Loads 2.1.6.1 Upper floors used for rolled nonwoven fabric storage should be designed to hold possible additional weight from rolled nonwoven fabric water absorption that will vary between types of fabrics. Higher absorption may be anticipated with longer sprinkler discharge durations and inadequate drainage or skidding. However, neither total absorption nor the confinement of a large depth of water are likely.

©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. All rights reserved.

2.4 An exception to the above is the lesser of a one-day supply or 500 ft2 (46 m2) of in-process storage of rolled fiberfill.60 gpm/ft2 (24 mm/min) over 3000 ft2 (279 m2).2 Protection 2.1 In heated areas.5 Use 17⁄32 in.1.1 Highloft Nonwoven 2. 2. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers and Data Sheet 2-8N.2.1 Sprinkler System 2. (15 mm nominal). Ceiling protection for: up to 5 ft (1.2 Nonwoven Fabric 2.2. highloft and batting in 500 ft2 (46 m2) piles separated by 20 ft (6.1 m) in all directions.2 Preaction Systems 2. the design area may be reduced 15 percent.2. (20 mm nominal).2. Preaction systems are an alternate to wet pipe systems for use in unheated areas.1. Locations having mixed storage or several different storage arrangements should be protected based on the greater storage hazard.5 Sprinkler Water Demand 2.4 Sprinklers 2. store fiberfill.1 Locate fiberfill. installation of sprinkler systems should be in accordance with Data Sheet 2-7. 2. .3 m2). 2.2.2.5 m) should be 0. Dry pilot sprinklers are not acceptable detectors.1.8-23 Page 4 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 2.2.1 Use 17⁄32 in. In-process storage should not exceed 10 ft (3 m) in height and should be separated from all other combustibles by at least 20 ft (6.2. Installation of Sprinkler Systems for details of preaction system design.2.3 An additional alternate is to store fiberfill.2.5.60 gpm/ft2 (24 mm/min) over the entire area.5.2.2. highloft and batting in a low value sprinklered or unsprinklered detached building.2. Installation of Sprinkler Systems.2.2. 2. 2. (14 mm) orifice or large-drop sprinklers nominally rated at 286°F (141°C).2.2.4. whichever is greater.2. 2. Use 17⁄32 in.2.2.4 m) or less.2. 3 and 4 provide sprinkler density and operating area for various storage arrangements and storage heights.2. 2.5.1 Sprinkler system risers should be protected against impact from handling equipment or falling rolls.2. 2.2 As an alternate.2 Except as modified in this data sheet.4 m2) and a maximum of 100 ft2 (9. but not less than 2000 ft2 (186 m2). (20 mm nominal) 286°F (141°C) sprinklers. Limit the coverage area of 17⁄32 in. 2.1. up to 10 ft (3 m) should be 0. highloft or batting.2.2.2.2.30 gpm/ft2 (12 mm/min) over 2000 ft2 (186 m2).2. highloft and batting in a one-hour rated cutoff area with ceiling protection capable of 0.2 Water demand for rolled nonwoven fabrics wrapped in plastic is the same for rolls not wrapped in plastic. wet pipe sprinkler systems are most suitable for rolled nonwoven fabric storage protection.2.2.1.3.1. Dry pipe sprinkler systems should not be used. 2. Determine water demands for preaction sprinkler systems on the same basis as for wet pipe sprinkler systems.2. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.3 Pipe Layout 2. One-half in. 286°F (141°C) sprinklers may be used if design discharge is 30 gpm (12 mm/min) or less. (20 mm nominal) orifice and large-drop sprinklers to a minimum of 80 ft2 (7.1 m). 2. 286°F (141°C) sprinklers.2. Limit storage height to 10 ft (3 m) with ceiling protection capable of 0.2. All rights reserved. 2.2.3 When clearance between top of storage and sprinklers is maintained at 41⁄2 ft (1.60 gpm/ft2 (24 mm/min) over 3000 ft2 (279 m2).2 Heat detector spacing should not exceed one-half the Approved linear detector spacing or the full allowable sprinkler spacing. 2.2. 2. See Data Sheet 2-8N.1 Tables 1.1 Use only FM Approved preaction sprinkler systems.2.1.

6 Storage Heights 2.1 m) Up to 16 ft (4. in a cardboard carton.2. 75 psi (5.2. may be protected as unexpanded plastic (Data Sheet 2-2.2. Rolls of nonwoven fabric.6. Roll Paper Storage.7. to reduce flue space and minimize reradiation. 3. Page 1. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.2 bar) minimum Number of Design Sprinklers 25 20 15 250 gpm (950 dm3/min) 2 hours *See Data Sheet 8-21. Store rolls as close together as possible. 2-7. 286°F (141°C) Per Data Sheet 2-7. or 2) wrapped. 2.2. or 8-9. with at least four layers of 40 lb/1000 ft2 (19. in at least one direction. including both ends.2. . for definitions.1 Do not interpolate either density or area for intermediate storage heights. Storage of Class 1.2. Table 1. Floor Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage Mode On end Closed or standard array (Do not store in open array)* Building Height Type of Sprinkler System Sprinklers Sprinkler Spacing Sprinkler Pressure Storage Height Up to 20 ft (6.2.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 5 2. 4 and Plastic Commodities).2. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers. 2. either 1) enclosed including both ends.6 kg/100 m2) or heavy kraft paper. Installation Guidelines for Suppression Mode Automatic Sprinklers.7 Storage on Axial Rods 2. All rights reserved.1 Limit storage height to not more than 10 ft (3 m).9 m) Up to 10 ft (3. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers.0 m) Hose Stream Demand Water Supply Duration 30 ft maximum Wet or Preaction Large-Drop.

Rolls of nonwoven fabric. Floor Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric—Alternate Storage Mode On end Closed or standard array (Do not store in open array)* Building Height Type of Sprinkler System Sprinklers Storage Height ft (m) Up to 5 ft (1.8-23 Page 6 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Table 2. 286°F (141°C) Design Area ft 2 Sprinkler Density gpm/ft 0. (14 mm) (20 mm nominal). for definitions. .5 m) Up to 10 ft (3. 3. Hose Stream Demand Water Supply Duration 250 gpm (950 dm3/min) 2 hours *See Data Sheet 8-21. with at least four layers of 40 lb/1000 ft2 (19. or 8-9.9 m) refer to Table 1. Installation Guidelines for Suppression Mode Automatic Sprinklers. Storage of Class 1.60 2 (mm/min) (12) (24) (24) (m2) (186) (279) (465) 2000 3000 5000 For storage heights above 16 ft (4. including both ends. 4 and Plastic Commodities).9 m) 30 ft maximum Wet or Preaction 17⁄32 in. 2-7.30 0.0 m) Up to 16 ft (4. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers.6 kg/100 m2) or heavy kraft paper. 2. Page 1. in a cardboard carton. either 1) enclosed including both ends. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.60 0. Roll Paper Storage. may be protected as unexpanded plastic (Data Sheet 2-2. or 2) wrapped. All rights reserved.

3. Install a barrier at approximately the 10 ft (3 m) level. staggered beneath the top barrier. 1. 4. 2. Double Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Approx. Provide barrier within 5 ft (1. See Figure 1b. 3. 3. Install one level (2 lines) of in-rack sprinklers (face) beneath the barrier. 0. 2.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 7 Table 3.5 m) of top of storage. Design for eight sprinklers.4 to 4.0) OR: 1. See Figure 1a. 0. at approximately 1⁄2 to 2⁄3 height of storage. 2. Install a barrier at approximately the 10 ft (3 m) level and also at approximately the 15 ft (4. beneath the lower barrier and three lines of in-rack sprinklers (face and flue).15 (6) ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. 1. of Minimum Storage on end Ceiling Density. 3. four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. 2. 4.15 (6) 11 to 15 (3. staggered. Design of eight sprinklers.6) 0. See Figure 2b. Provide barrier within 5 ft (1. 3. 2. four sprinklers on each of two hydraulically most remote sprinkler lines. See Figure 2a. 4. 1. 4. four sprinklers on each of the hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines.45 (18) OR: 1. Design for eight sprinklers. See Figure 2. 0.5 m) of top of storage. staggered. Install one level of in-rack sprinklers including flue and face sprinklers (three lines) staggered. Ht. Install three lines of sprinklers over top of storage (flue & face) staggered. See Figure 1. Design for eight sprinklers. Install two lines of in-rack sprinklers (face). Design for eight sprinklers. four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. staggered. Install two lines of sprinklers over top of storage (face). four sprinklers on each of two hydraulically most remote sprinkler lines. Install three lines of sprinklers over top of storage (flue & face).6 m) level. Design for eight sprinklers. staggered. All rights reserved. four sprinklers on each of two hydraulically most remote sprinkler lines. . or on side ft gpm/ft2 (mm/min) (m) Recommended In-Rack Sprinkler Protection 1. 3.3 (12) 10 (3. 2.

0. of Storage on end or on side ft (m) Minimum Ceiling Density. gpm/ft2 (mm/min) Recommended In-Rack Sprinkler Protection 1. Install two lines of in-rack sprinklers (face). 2. Design for eight sprinklers. 1. Install two lines of in-rack sprinklers (face) beneath the barrier. staggered. 16 to 20 (4. Install one level of in-rack sprinklers including flue and face sprinklers (3 lines) staggered. See Figure 3. Install a barrier at approximately the 10 ft (3 m) level. See Figure 3a. staggered at approximately the 10 ft (3 m) level.9 to 6. 3. 3. Design for eight sprinklers. Design for eight sprinklers. 2. Install three lines of in-rack sprinklers (face and flue). 0. Install a barrier at approximately the 10 ft (3 m) level and also at approximately the 20 ft (6. See Figure 3c. . four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote sprinkler lines. Install a barrier at approximately the 20 ft (6. Ht. 4. 4.15 (6) OR: 1.1 m) level. Design for eight sprinklers. All rights reserved. 2.8-23 Page 8 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Table 3. 4. staggered. 2. See Figure 3b.1) ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.60 (24) OR: 1. staggered. Double Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric (continued) Approx. four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. 3. staggered. four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote sprinkler lines. at approximately mid-height of storage. beneath the top barrier. four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. 3.1 m) level with three lines of in-rack sprinklers (face and flue). beneath the lower barrier and three lines of in-rack sprinklers (face and flue). beneath the barrier.

0. See Figure 6—Arrangement A or B OR: 1.5 m) of the top most level of storage. 3. 1. 2. Sprinklers should be staggered. 2. gpm/ft2 (mm/min) Recommended In-Rack Sprinkler Protection 0. Design for 14 sprinklers.45 (18) Over 20 (6. Design for 14 sprinklers. 1. . Install three lines of in-rack sprinklers at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level (face and flue). Ht. 3. 5. 3.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 9 Table 3. Install a barrier over and within 5 ft (1. 2.5 m) of storage. Install three lines of in-rack sprinklers at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level (face and flue). except for the top most barrier. Install three lines of in-rack sprinklers (face and flue) staggered. beneath the top most barrier.60 (24) 1. 3. Install a barrier at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level. Design for 14 sprinklers. All rights reserved. Install three lines of in-rack sprinklers beneath the barrier (face and flue). of Storage on end or on side ft (m) Minimum Ceiling Density. 4. Install three lines of in-rack sprinklers at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level (face & flue) except for the top most 5 ft (1. See Figure 7. Design for 14 sprinklers. 2. Install two lines of in-rack sprinklers (face) staggered beneath each barrier. Double Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric (Continued) Approx. staggered. Sprinklers should be staggered. seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. except for the top most 10 ft (3 m) of storage. 5.15 (6) ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. staggered.1) 0. seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. See Figure 4 Arrangement A or B. 4. seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. See Figure 5—Arrangement A or B.

3.6 kg/100 m2) or heavier. 11. 3. 4. 2. seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. 2. Rolls. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers. Design for 14 sprinklers. Install flue sprinklers on maximum 10 ft (3 m) spacing. 2. Ceiling sprinkler minimum orifice size—17⁄32 in. For buildings higher than 30 ft (9. or 17⁄32 in. Install in-rack sprinklers at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level (face and flue). 12. Design for 14 sprinklers. Exception—1⁄2 in. Wet pipe or preaction sprinkler systems only. gpm/ft2 (mm/min) Recommended In-Rack Sprinkler Protection To 20 (6. 0. Design for 14 sprinklers. 2. Install in-rack sprinklers at approximately the 10 ft (3 m) level (face and flue). except for top most level of in-rack sprinklers. staggered. kraft paper may be protected as unexpanded plastic (Data Sheet 2-2. 9. 4 and Plastic Commodities).15 to 0. Install a barrier at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level. (14 mm) (20 mm nominal). Clearance—up to 25 ft (7.1) 0. Multiple Row Rack Storage of Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Approx. Data Sheet 2-7. 1. 2. (13 mm) (15 mm nominal) sprinklers may be used when ceiling density of 0. 1.30 gpm/ft2 (6 to 12 mm/min) is required. Ceiling sprinkler temperature rating—286°F (141°C). with at least four layers of 40 lb/1000 ft2 (19. Sprinklers should be staggered. staggered. 13. except for the top most 5 ft (1. (13 or 14 mm) (15 or 20 mm nominal) orifice. 3. In-rack sprinkler temperature rating—165°F (74°C). four sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. See Figure 9. 10. In-rack sprinkler discharge—30 gpm (12 mm/min) each. 8. In-rack sprinklers—either 1⁄2 in.1 m) high or less. 7. All rights reserved. Installation Guidelines for Suppression Mode Automatic Sprinklers. Ceiling area of demand—2000 ft2 (186 m2) for all storage heights. 5. seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. Install face sprinklers on maximum 10 ft (3 m) spacing.1) 0. except for the top most 10 ft (3 m) of storage. Sprinklers should be staggered. of Storage on end or on side ft (m) Minimum Ceiling Density. including both ends. 6. 3. maximum 10 ft (3 m). Hose stream demand 250 gpm (950 dm3/min). 3. .8-23 Page 10 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Table 4. Install in-rack sprinklers at approximately each 10 ft (3 m) level (face and flue). Storage of Class 1.4 m). seven sprinklers on each of the two hydraulically most remote in-rack sprinkler lines. See Figure 8.1 m) clearance should not exceed 10 ft (3 m) except if three lines of sprinklers are installed beneath a barrier over the top of storage. including both ends. 5. 3.5 m) of storage. Design for eight sprinklers.15 (6) ADDITIONAL GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS—TABLES 3 AND 4 1. either 1) enclosed. Single row racks—two sprinkler lines (face) staggered. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. Ht. Sprinklers should be staggered.60 (24) 1. or Data Sheet 8-9. 1. 2. Water supply duration—2 hours.60 (24) Over 20 (6. See Figure 8. 4.45 (18) 0. in a cardboard carton or 2) wrapped. In-rack sprinkler spacing—minimum 8 ft (2. See Figure 10.6 m) clearance—top of storage to ceiling sprinklers—is acceptable in buildings 30 ft (9.

©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. 1.1 m) high.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 11 Fig. . All rights reserved. Double-row racks under 20 ft (6.

. 1a. All rights reserved.8-23 Page 12 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig. Alternate to Fig. 1 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.1 m) high.

Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 13 Fig.1 m) high. Alternate to Fig. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. 1b. . All rights reserved. 1 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6.

Double-row racks under 20 ft (6. .1 m) high. 2.8-23 Page 14 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig. All rights reserved. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.

2 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6. 2a. .Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 15 Fig. Alternate to Fig. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.1 m) high. All rights reserved.

Alternate to Fig. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. 2 for double-row racks under 20 ft (6.8-23 Page 16 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig. .1 m) high. All rights reserved. 2b.

6 m) high.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 17 Fig. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. . Double-row racks under 25 ft (7. 3. All rights reserved.

3a. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. . Alternate to Fig. All rights reserved. 3 for double-row racks under 25 ft (7.8-23 Page 18 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig.6 m) high.

3b.6 m) high. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. Alternate to Figure 3 for double-row racks under 25 ft (7.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 19 Fig. . All rights reserved.

©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. All rights reserved.6 m) high. 3 for double-row racks under 25 ft (7. Alternate to Fig. . 3c.8-23 Page 20 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig.

All rights reserved. .Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 21 Fig. 4. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.1 m) high. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.

1 m) high.8-23 Page 22 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig. All rights reserved. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6. . 5. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company.

1 m) high. All rights reserved. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 23 Fig. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. 6. .

. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. Double-row racks above 20 ft (6.8-23 Page 24 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig. 7. All rights reserved.1 m) high.

8. All rights reserved.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 25 Fig. . ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. Multiple-row racks of any height.

Multiple-row racks of any height. . All rights reserved.8-23 Page 26 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets Fig. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. 9.

Protection using horizontal barriers and in-rack sprinklers. Multiple-row racks of any height. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. .Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 27 Fig. All rights reserved. 10.

intermediate-scale fire tests and a large-scale fire test have been conducted on rolled nonwoven fabrics. at this time.1 Acceptable storage arrangements are: 1) in-rack (on-side or one-end).2.4 K25. These recommendations are not intended for on-floor/on-end storage of nonwovens.3 Suppression Mode Sprinkler Protection for Rack and Palletized Storage Of Nonwoven Rolls The following recommendations are specific to rolled nonwovens made with polypropylene. between various nonwoven fabrics (low vs. A 21 ft (6. or nonwovens such as dry-laid pulp. for details on these and other general storage safeguards.7 m) Maximum building height: 40 ft (12. low vs. On-floor/on-end arrangements have continuous flue spaces that have the potential of producing very strong fire plumes that can overpower the suppression mode sprinkler system. there are no obvious differences. fiberfill. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. in the level of protection required.8 K22.2 (3. to some extent.8 bar) bar) bar) bar) Hydraulic design: 4 sprinklers per branch line on 3 branch lines Sprinkler temperature rating: Nominal 165°F (74°C) Sprinkler installation guidelines: Follow all installation recommendations in Data Sheet 2-2. on-end fire tests with large orifice sprinklers discharging 0.8-23 Page 28 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 2. once burning is established. (240).6 (3. on-floor. rolled nonwoven fabrics display moderate to heavy dripping of molten plastic as they burn. (320).2 (200).3. high heat of combustion. suppression mode sprinklers System type: Wet-pipe (no dry-pipe or preaction) Sprinkler system design: Design for 12 sprinklers K14.0 SUPPORT FOR RECOMMENDATIONS 3. Except for batting.60 gpm/ft2 (24.3. on-floor.3. at at at at 75 52 45 40 psi psi psi psi (5. 2. and polyethylene.1 Test Data Numerous laboratory. Do not use these guidelines for fiberfill.3 Human Element 2. which increases fire intensity and. on-floor. . Hose stream: 250 gal/min (950 L/min) Water supply duration: 1 hour 2.1 There is no substitute for a well-trained emergency organization. rayon. The recommendations are also specific in that the rolls have cardboard end caps and are wrapped (sides and ends) with plastic stretch wrap. Fire Products Collector (FPC).4 bar) was not adequately suppressed.4 m) high intermediate-scale.5 m) high. on-end fire test with suppression mode sprinklers operating at 50 psi (3. and 2) palletized.2.0 K16. and highloft materials. A 21 ft (6.4 m) high full-scale.2 Protection Guidelines Sprinklers: FM Approved.5 mm/ min) were not controlled when stacks were 20 ft (6. The rolls may be banded or unbanded. (360). Maximum storage height: 35 ft (10. 3. fire spread.1 m) and 18 ft (5. Controlling possible ignition sources.7 bar) was not controlled. All rights reserved. on-end fire test with large drop sprinklers operating at 25 psi (1. highloft and batting.2. General Storage Safeguards. In most cases. maintaining proper aisle spacing and practicing good housekeeping are other recommended safe practices. 2. Early detection and effective action by personnel during a rolled nonwoven fabric fire can greatly reduce fire and water damage. See Data Sheet 8-0.1 (2.2 m). pendent. high density). Intermediate scale.

but some rolls cannot be handled by suction.2. A few of the major factors are discussed below: 3.2.2. All rights reserved. Close stacking or butting requires extra care and effort by equipment operators and their supervisors. When all rolls in a sector of storage are of the same diameter. in at least one direction. Rolls varying in diameter provide spaces between stacks that may reach several feet.4 On-Rack Storage Rolled nonwoven fabric is sometimes stored on-racks on-pallets. 3. the number of operating sprinklers and amount of damage increases with increasing clearances.2 Variables Affecting Fire Behavior There are many variables in rolled nonwoven fabric arrangements that can affect fire severity. Excessive steel deflection can break sprinkler piping and deprive the building contents of fire protection at a time of maximum need. there is opportunity for fire to burrow into a pile and make extinguishment more difficult than for nested rolls. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. to reduce flue spaces and minimize reradiation.2.2.1 bar) did not control a fire in a 16 ft (4. 3. adjacent stacks should be placed in. fiberfill and highloft materials indicate that large-drop ceiling only sprinklers discharging at 75 psi (5.1 On Floor/On Side Storage On-floor/on-end storage is more varied and more widely used than on-side storage. heat radiated and reradiated from one stack to another promotes intense fires. are considered an open array and should be stored in a separate cutoff area. Where clamp-jaw equipment is used. 3. Limit storage height to not more than 10 ft (3 m).2. can involve a large portion of the storage. Store rolls as close together as possible. The fire hazard is essentially that of the same storage without pallets. or nearly in contact in both directions. 3.3. fire development and spread is unusually severe and rapid. Such fire is well shielded from fire fighting efforts.2.3. resulting in an open or standard array storage arrangement. In addition. If rolled nonwoven fabric storage is inadequately protected.3. either on end or on side. 3. Exposed building steel can quickly heat to temperatures at which it fails structurally. Where dunnage is used. air supply is favorable for burning in flue-like spaces. (100 mm) is usual. Individual stacks consisting of rolls with assorted diameters.9 m) high rack storage array.3 Storage on Axial Rods Rolled nonwoven fabric is sometimes supported horizontally on racks by rods that run axially through the rolls.2 Clearance Both fire testing and loss experience have shown that low clearance between the top of storage and ceiling sprinklers is advantageous in fire control. jaw clearance space of at least 4 in. Generally there is more damage and larger numbers of sprinklers operate. . Less effort is needed where vacuum clamp equipment is used. Rolls are sometimes stored vertically on pallets. 3. Fire can grow rapidly in such storage. and can become quite severe in vertical flues between rolls ends. Generally.Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 8-23 Page 29 Tests conducted on batting.2 On-Floor/On-Side Storage Rolls stored on-side may be nested between rolls of a lower tier or separated by dunnage placed between tiers.1 Storage Height Fire testing has shown that fire hazard increases with the increase in storage height.3 Storage Methods 3. such as butt rolls.3. particularly where clamp-jaw equipment is used.

π L (Do2 – Di2) pf Roll Loft Factor = – 1 4 (Wo – Wc ) where L=roll length Do=roll outer diameter Di=roll inner diameter pf=density Wo=roll weight Wc=weight of inner core π=3. jackets. Storage of Class 1. 4 and Plastic Commodities.2. highloft. January 2000. Suppression Mode Sprinkler Protection for Rack and Palletized Storage of Nonwoven Rolls. It can be made by several processes such as.1416 US ft ft ft lb/ft3 lb lb (Metric) (m) (m) (m) (kg/m3) (kg) (kg) A roll loft factor of 25 or above indicates batting. Minor editorial changes were made for this edition. May 2003.1 Loft Factor A relatively low density. . It is used as clothing insulation. clearance. APPENDIX C SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION C. 4 and Plastic Commodities. Definitions for aisle. etc. are found in Data Sheets 2-7. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers. Roll Loft Factor is a FM Global Research derived number for comparison purposes. medium-weight paper or felt. 2-8N. soil erosion control. disposable baby and adult personal care products. 2. APPENDIX B DOCUMENT REVISION HISTORY May 2008. (6 to 76 mm) thick.. horizontal barrier. ©2008 Factory Mutual Insurance Company. rayon. Section 2. bulkhead. Installation of Sprinkler Systems. All rights reserved. 8-9. rack storage sprinklers. dresses. tier. health care products. It is used for: interfacing in shirts.0 REFERENCES 4. 8-9. Installation Guidelines for Suppression Mode Automatic Sprinklers. thermal bonding. 1⁄4 to 3 in. suits. in combination with each other or with wood pulp. 2. flue space. storage height. storage racks. polyester and polypropylene. 3. The more common fibers are wood pulp. 2-7. filling for comforters.8-23 Page 30 Rolled Nonwoven Fabric Storage FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets 4. hydroentanglement. usually white in color and generally made from polyester fibers with acrylic or latex binder. was revised. 3. 2-8N. filters. Installation of Sprinkler Systems. high bulk nonwoven product having the physical appearance of fiberglass insulation generally. carpet backing. and sound deadening insulation. Storage of Class 1. fiberfill. but not limited to. Installation Rules for Sprinkler Systems Using Large-Drop Sprinklers. though not exclusively. encapsulation. pallets.3. APPENDIX A GLOSSARY OF TERMS Nonwoven Fabric: a relatively low-to-moderate density fiber web construction product usually having the appearance of tissue paper.1 FM Global Data Data Data Data Sheet Sheet Sheet Sheet 2-2. and many other purposes. solid shelving. This revision of the document was reorganized to provide a consistent format. furniture padding. Plastic fibers are used alone. needle punch or adhesive bonding. Polyethylene is less commonly used. fiber web construction.