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IEEMA SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION RATING : 10 MVA, 22 / 11 kV Power Transformer 1.1) CALCULATION FOR FIRST PEAK VALUE OF SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT : Isc = K 2* Iph ez in Amp.

Isc = FIRST PEAK VALUE OF SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT Iph = Rated phase current in amp. = 262.44 for HV winding 524.87 for LV winding ez = P.U. Impedance = 0.07944 K 2 = Factors depands on X/R ratio = 2.55 Isc = 8424.245 for HV winding = 16848.17 for LV winding 1.1) CALCULATION OF ASSYMMETRICAL SHORT CIRCUIT AMP-TURN.: N x Isc Number of turns per phase in the circuit= N x Isc = 4726001.3 for HV winding

Where N =

561 for HV winding

2.0) HOOP STRESS:

2 σ mean = K x Iph x Rdc hw x (ez)2

Where

σ mean = Hoop stress in kg/cm2 K(cu) = Factors depends on material= Iph = hw = Rdc = = =

(K 2)2 x 0.03 = 0.03 2 (2.55) Rated phase current in amp. = 262.44 for HV winding 524.87 for LV winding Winding height in cm. = 109 DC resistance per phase at 75°C ohms 0.2614 for HV winding 0.0203 for LV winding

σ mean = 785.203 for HV winding σ mean = 243.9023 for LV winding 2 MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE LIMIT IS 1250kg/cm 3.0) NO. OF SUPPORTS TO BE PROVIDED IN WINDING(FLAT CONDUCTOR) :

0.5 Ns = Dmi X (12*σmean/E) bi Where Dmi = Mean diameter of inside winding in cm.= bi = Thickness of inside winding cond.in cm= 2 E = Modulus of elasticity of cond. kg/cm =

46.6 0.155 6 1.13 x 10 for cu.

Ns = 15.30078 Nos. Provided = 20

Page 1

10MVA Dynamic

4.0) CALCULATION OF INTERNAL AXIAL COMPRESSION : Fc = (-) (34 x Sn) in kg. ez x hw Where Fc = Internal axial compression in kg. Sn' = Equivalent Rated kVA = 10000 A.F.= 1 Sn = Equivalent kVA = 10000 (-) = indicates the force is acting towards the centre The percentage sharing of internal axial compression will vary for hv & lv winding depending upon type of transformer LV HV a ) For Double wound transformer= 67 33 b ) For Auto transformer with = 50 50 stabilised winding type of transformer "A"=auto,"D" Double wound = Fc = 39265.69 kg. Ks x (Fc) = 12957.68 kg for HV winding Ks x (Fc) = 26308.01 kg for LV winding 5.0) CALCUALAION OF AXIAL IMBALANCE FORCE DUE TO AXIAL ASSYMETRY

2 -7 kg. Fa = (a/2) x (NIsc) x 10 kg

D

Fa = Axial imbalance force in kg. a = Per unit axial displacement expressed as a fraction of winding length NOTE : Fa = 0, WHEN TWO UNTAPPED WINDING ARE OF SAME AXIAL LENGTH AND ALSO WHEN THERE IS SEPERATE TAP WINDING. 6.0) CALCULATION OF MAXIMUM COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN THE RADIAL SPACERS : PLV = PHV = where Ks = PLV = PHV = ALV = AHV = ( Fa + Ks x Fc)/ ALV in kg/cm2 ( Fa + Ks x Fc)/ AHV in kg/cm2 Percentage Sharing of axial compression PLV Compressive pressure in LV radial spacer PHV Compressive pressure in HV radial spacer Total support area of LV radial spacer in cm2 = Total support area of HV radial spacer in cm2 =

364 620

2 PHV = 20.89948 kg/cm for HV winding 2 PIV = 72.27475 kg/cm for LV winding Maximum permissible limit is 500 kg/cm2 for PCB 7.0) AXIAL BENDING STRESS IN CONDUCTOR BETWEEN SPACERS : 2 2 Max. cond. fibre stress = W x L x Y in kg/cm 12 x Io Where W = Maximum axial bending force =

( Fa + ks x Fc) = π x Dm

65.15887 for HV winding 179.7017 for LV winding

Page 2

10MVA Dynamic

Dm = Mean diameter of winding in cm= L = Span in cm = (π x Dm)/ns - bs ns = Number of spacer = bs = Width of spacer = L = 4.943141 for HV winding = 3.819911 for LV winding

63.3 for HV winding 46.6 for LV winding for HV winding for LV winding for HV winding for LV winding

20 20 5 3.5

Y = Maximum distance from neutral axis for conductor in cm.(i.e.axial width of conductor (d) across neutral axis devided by 2 = d/2) 3 mxbxd Io = Moment of Inertia of the coil = 12 b = Radial dimension(bare) of one conductor in cm = 0.25 for HV winding 0.155 for LV winding d = Axial dimension(bare) of one conductor in cm = 1.28 for HV winding 0.79 for LV winding m = No. of conductor in Radial direction = 24 for HV winding 33 for LV winding Io = 1.048576 for HV winding 0.210158 for LV winding Max. cond. fibre stress = 80.9801 for HV winding 410.70392 410 70392 for LV winding

Maximum permissible limit is 1250 kg/cm2 for soft copper 8.0) TILTING OF CONDUCTORS (RESISTANCE TO COLLAPSE) : The critical load at which rectangular strip conductor may tilt under the action of axial load against twisting and friction is given by. : F (crict.) = FT + FF Where FT = Axial strength against twisting FF = Axial strength against friction

3 FT = π * E * m * ac * d x 10 MT 6R Where 2 6 1.13 x 10 for cu. E = Modulus of elasticity of cond. kg/cm = ac = Cross-sectional area of one conductor in sq. cm = 0.3152 for HV winding 0.1212 for LV winding R = Mean Radius of winding in cm= 31.65 for HV winding 23.3 for LV winding FT = 181.0134 MT for HV winding 80.23517 MT for LV winding

FF = ns * bs * m * c * b x 10-3 MT 6d Where = c = constant depanding on material of space for PCB = bs = width of radial spacer= 5 for HV winding 3.5 for LV winding

3

25000

Page 3

10MVA Dynamic

FF = 122.0703 for HV winding 45.37 for LV winding 303.08373 ton for HV winding 125.60517 ton for LV winding criteria for safety is F (crict.) > ks x Fc hence it is safe F (crict.) = FT + FF = Ks x (Fc) = 12.95768 Ks x (Fc) = 26.30801

9.0) CALCULATION OF BENDING STRESS ON CLAMPING RING : σ max = 6 * π * F * D kg/cm2 8 * br * t2 * n2 Where F = Total axial force ( Fa - ksHV*Fc)= 12957.68 kg D = Mean diameter of clamping ring = 59.5 cm t = Thickness of clamping ring in cm= 5 n= No. of clamping points = 4 br = Width of clamping ring in cm = 18.5 σ max = 245.4842 kg/cm

2

MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE LIMIT IS 1150kg/cm2

Page 4

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