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Chanakya was a teacher to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta (c.

340–293 BCE), and generally considered to be the architect of his rise to power. Traditionally empire, the first of its kind on the Indian subcontinent. His works were lost near the end of the Gupta dynasty and not rediscovered until 1915. Identity a kingdom). Apparently, Chanakya used these sutras to groom Chandragupta and other selected disciples in the art of ruling a kingdom. Legend time caused by Greek invasion forced Chanakya of resources. He also advocated the development of the already annexed colonies. His imperialistic views can be interpreted as the development of natural and man made resources. • According to Chanakya, the efficient management of land is essential for the development of resources. It is essential that the state keeps an eye on the occupation of excess land by the landlords and unauthorized use of land. Ideally the state should monitor the most important and vital resource – Land. the people are not running behind material pleasures. Control over the sense organs is essential for success in any endeavour. Spiritual development is essential for the internal strength and character of the individual. Material pleasures and achievements are always secondary to the spiritual development of the society and country at large. BOOK II. Enemy. BOOK XIII. Strategic Means to Capture a Fortress. BOOK XIV. Secret Means. BOOK XV. The Plan of a Treatise. Such are the contents of this Science. There are on the whole 15 books, 150 chapters, 180 sections and 6,000 slokas. Analysis of His Works

The basis of resources is kingdom • To help of senior leaders or management thinkers. corporate governance. One wheel does not support transportation. therefore it is necessary to appoint senior leaders or & foolhardiness. • In his of Arthashastra by Kautilya. hot/cold should be taken with equanimity. financial management. • Shubh (goodness or auspiciousness) must come first. – conquering the senses is rooted in training • The first chapter of Arthashastra is ‘vinaya adhikarikam’or book on moral training. • Kumar & • Muniapan & Shaikh (2007) explored lessons in corporate governance from Kautilya’s Arthashastra in ancient India. Kautilya on Leadership • According to Kautilya. however studies specifically in the context of organizational management is limited. social responsibility. • Management must strive to generate resources based on ethical conduct or behaviour. all experiences such as happiness/sorrow. then labha (gain or profit). Management and Kautilya’sArthashastra management practice is pervasive in every aspect of human life within all types of organizations. etc. • The control of the mind. • Resources will make ethical conduct or behaviour possible & vice versa.Artha is one of the of life (Purshartha) besides dharma. victory/defeat. human resource management. The Kautilya’s Arthashastra deals with different aspects management which includes strategic management. kama & moksha. • The conquest of senses is rooted in discipline & training in ethics & morals – should begin from childhood. accounting. gains/losses. . dharma without resources is toothless & resources without dharma is useless.

a careful study the Arthashastra will be useful for expanding business empire. although the context it was written was for kings to govern the state. which is yet to be known and practiced in the modern management. extending to Bengal. •Today. A deeper study of the book will open many new areas of management concepts. all the way to the border of Persia (Iran). financial management and human resource management from Kautilya’s Arthashastra can be undertaken for future research. There are many management concepts from Kautilya’s Arthashastra. The author hopes that more studies in the areas of organizational management such as strategic management. which are still applicable in today’s organizational management. •Mauryan Empire expansion included Afghanistan. . •Mauryan Empire was continued by his son Bindusara and by his grandson King Asoka .The Impact of Kautilya’s Arthashastra •Chandragupta Maurya was considered to be the unifier of India during the 4th Century B.C. Conclusion Kautilya’s Arthashatra is one of the ancient Indian literature which had provided some insights to management.