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CHECK THE LINK - “MODULE-1 PROBLEMS” FOR QUESTIONS

WHY THE QUESTION AND ANSWERS ARE POSTED AT DIFFERENT PAGES? Ans: - When a person asks a question, you are doing research about it and answering that question is nothing but building pure knowledge. And later your self confidence increases when you found your answer is correct.

Question no. 8

Given data
=

1.005 kJ/kg.k , ,
Solution

= 343 k , N/ , = 320 KJ = J, = = .718 kJ/kg.k, Find Compression Ratio
= N/ ,

=

1-2 is an adiabatic compression process here , hence

= =
= 598.06 K Now we know that

=

=
=

= 4.014 i.e., Compression Ratio ) =1

.718

)

= 1043.74 K

= 598.06 K = 1043.74 K

Question no. 9

Given data 4-1 – Adiabatic compression process, hence 1-2 – Isothermal Expansion process, hence
,

= 550 K (Refer T-S diagram)

= FIND

N/

or

,

( efficiency)

,

,

,

,

,W

For the Adiabatic Process 4-1 = =
= 288.92 K HENCE = 288.92 K , Since =

, Since

FOR CARNOT CYCLE

= 1= 1= .4747 = 47.47 For the Isothermal Process 1-2

=

, SINCE

= 10.5

N/

= =
= 1.103 N/

= =
= 2.206 N/

Work done per Cycle = Heat Supplied – Heat Rejected Heat Supplied during the Isothermal Process 1-2

436682.72 J = 436.68 KJ Heat rejected during the Isothermal Process 3-4

But for the Isothermal Process 3-4

Hence

But Isothermal expansion ratio = Isothermal compression ratio

= = = =

=5

= 1.5

= 2.206

1.5

= -229362.402 J = -229.36 KJ

Work done = Heat Supplied – Heat Rejected

= 436.68 - 229.36

=

= 288.92 K

Efficiency = 47.47 = =10.5
= 1.103 N/ N/ N/ N/

=2.206
W = 207.31 KJ Question no. 10

Given data
Carnot Engine, Temperature of cold body = 300 K , Temperature of hot body = 1000 K , heat supplied = 800 kJ/m find thermal efficiency ? Power output of the engine ?

= 1-

= 1= 0.7 = 70 % But =

0.7

=

, since heat supplied = 800 kJ/m

Work Done = 560 kJ/Minutes Workdone / Mnute is the Power of Engine

Hence power = 560 kJ/Minutes =
kJ/second

= 9.33 KW
Final Answers:Thermal efficiency = 70 %

power =9.33 KW
Question no. 11
Given Data: - m = 12 Kg,

= = 473 k, J , Sp. Heat = 477 J/kg.k , Find

= -801.36 KJ =

Solution

Where C = Sp. Heat 12 477 (

Question no. 12
Given Data: - Weight of Gas = 15 N/ N/ Find R , of gas = 1.5290 kg/ , T = 25

Mass of gas = . 25 = 1 = 1.5290 R

298 (Assume The Volume AS 1

)

R = 0.0548 J/kg.k of gas

=
= 1.529 kg/

=

=

of gas

= 1.529 kg/

Question no. 13 = Sp. Heat = 477 kJ/kg.k = , Find
Given Data: m = 12 Kg, Solution

= 473 k,

= -801.36 KJ,

Where C = Sp. Heat 12 477 (

Question no. 14
Given Data: - m = 0.5 kg , = N/ , = N/ ,

=

= 333 k, R = 0.287 kJ/kg.k

= 0.287

J/kg.k , find W , Q

Let us consider 1-2 as adiabatic compression process and hence
= C, then it is expanded at constant pressure . hence 2-3 is constant pressure process.

To find W Net Work Transfer = +
, Since 1-2 is an adiabatic process

= But = =

= -69741 J = -69.741 KJ

, Since 2-3 is Constant Pressure Process . but from the figure it is clear that

Hence But

But for the Adiabatic Process 1-2

=

=

= 163240 J = 163.24 KJ Net Work Transfer = +

= -69741 +163240

= 93499 J = 93.499 KJ To find Q Net Heat Transfer = +

But 1-2 is an adiabatic processs , hence 2-3 is an constant pressure process , hence
) BUT, = R

= 0.287

= 1004.5 J/kg.k
But for the constant pressure process 2-3

= =
( Since

= 1664.98 K
)

= 0.5

1004.5 (1664.98 -

= 571354.34 J = 571.35 KJ HENCE Net Heat Transfer =

+

= 0 + 571.35 = 571.35 KJ Final Answers:-

Net Work Transfer == 93.499 KJ Net Heat Transfer = 571.35 KJ

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