in
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WHY THE QUESTION AND ANSWERS ARE POSTED AT DIFFERENT PAGES? Ans:  When a person asks a question, you are doing research about it and answering that question is nothing but building pure knowledge. And later your self confidence increases when you found your answer is correct.
Question no. 15
Given data m = 10 kg , specific heat = 280 J/kg.k ,
= 298 k , we know that Q= = = \ = = 373 k , find Q
=
= 210000 J = 210 KJ
Final Answer:
Q = 210 KJ Derivation of the Formula Used Let C be the specific heat , the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of unit mass of substance through unit degree. Q be the heat supplied in Joules, Kelvin and be the final temperature in
be the initial temperature in Kelvin and m be the mass of substance in kg then
Question no. 16
Given data
, NTP means = N / , isentropic process or adiabatic process , find
=
,
= 273 k ,
,
For Isentropic process or Adiabatic process
= = =
N/
For Isentropic process or Adiabatic process
= 32021.92 J = 32.02 KJ
Question no. 17
Given data
, We know that
=
, N/
STP means , find ,
=
= 288 k
= 4116.328 J/kg.k BUT, = R
= = 14407.148 J/kg.k
= R = 4116.328 = 10290.82 J/kg.k Final Answers:
14407.148 J/kg.k
= 10290.82 J/kg.k R = 4116.328 J/kg.k
Question no. 18
Given data
N/
=
N /
,
=
=
= 293 k , find
,
In the case of isothermal expansion , since there is no change in temperature the ( factor is zero In the case of isothermal expansion,
But
in case of isothermal expansion
Then
=
, consider m= 1kg and
J/KG.K = = 24191.4521 J
= 24.19 KJ In the case of adiabatic expansion of air
)
Now
=
for adiabatic process
=
consider
) ,
consider
kJ/KG.K = = 16.588 KJ/KG But In the case of adiabatic process
)
Hence
Final Answers:
KJ/KG
When the air expands isothermally :
24.19 KJ
When the air expands adiabatically :16.588 KJ KJ
Question no. 19
Given data
N/
=
N /
,
=
=
= 288 k , find
,
In the case of isothermal expansion , since there is no change in temperature the ( factor is zero In the case of isothermal expansion,
But
in case of isothermal expansion
Then
=
, consider m= 1kg and
J/KG.K
= = 135339.24 J = 135.33 KJ In the case of adiabatic expansion of air
)
Now
=
for adiabatic process
=
consider
) ,
consider
kJ/KG.K = = 76.220 KJ/KG But In the case of adiabatic process
)
Hence
Final Answers:
KJ/KG
When the air expands isothermally :
135.33 KJ When the air expands adiabatically :KJ KJ
Question no. 20
Given data
= N/ find the difference between
,
=
N /
,
= =
but
= for adiabatic process
= =
=
=  46075 J
here
=
=  54935.614 J =  54.935 KJ
difference between =  46075 J – ( 54.935 KJ)
= 46020 J/KG = 46.020 KJ/KG
Final Answer:the difference between
=

46.020 KJ/KG
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