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Question no. 15

Given data m = 10 kg , specific heat = 280 J/kg.k ,
= 298 k , we know that Q= = = \ = = 373 k , find Q

=

= 210000 J = 210 KJ
Final Answer:-

Q = 210 KJ Derivation of the Formula Used Let C be the specific heat , the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of unit mass of substance through unit degree. Q be the heat supplied in Joules, Kelvin and be the final temperature in

be the initial temperature in Kelvin and m be the mass of substance in kg then

Question no. 16

Given data

, NTP means = N / , isentropic process or adiabatic process , find

=
,

= 273 k ,
,

For Isentropic process or Adiabatic process

= = =
N/

For Isentropic process or Adiabatic process

= -32021.92 J = -32.02 KJ
Question no. 17

Given data
, We know that
=

, N/

STP means , find ,

=

= 288 k

= 4116.328 J/kg.k BUT, = R

= = 14407.148 J/kg.k
= R = 4116.328 = 10290.82 J/kg.k Final Answers:-

14407.148 J/kg.k
= 10290.82 J/kg.k R = 4116.328 J/kg.k

Question no. 18

Given data
N/

=

N /

,

=

=

= 293 k , find

,

In the case of isothermal expansion , since there is no change in temperature the ( factor is zero In the case of isothermal expansion,

But

in case of isothermal expansion

Then

=
, consider m= 1kg and

J/KG.K = = 24191.4521 J

= 24.19 KJ In the case of adiabatic expansion of air
)

Now

=

for adiabatic process

=

consider

) ,

consider

kJ/KG.K = = -16.588 KJ/KG But In the case of adiabatic process
)

Hence
Final Answers:-

KJ/KG

When the air expands isothermally :-

24.19 KJ

When the air expands adiabatically :-16.588 KJ KJ

Question no. 19

Given data
N/

=

N /

,

=

=

= 288 k , find

,

In the case of isothermal expansion , since there is no change in temperature the ( factor is zero In the case of isothermal expansion,

But

in case of isothermal expansion

Then

=
, consider m= 1kg and

J/KG.K

= = 135339.24 J = 135.33 KJ In the case of adiabatic expansion of air
)

Now

=

for adiabatic process

=

consider

) ,

consider

kJ/KG.K = = -76.220 KJ/KG But In the case of adiabatic process
)

Hence
Final Answers:-

KJ/KG

When the air expands isothermally :-

135.33 KJ When the air expands adiabatically :KJ KJ

Question no. 20

Given data
= N/ find the difference between

,

=

N /

,

= =

but

= for adiabatic process

= =

=

= - 46075 J

here

=

= - 54935.614 J = - 54.935 KJ
difference between = - 46075 J – (- 54.935 KJ)

= -46020 J/KG = -46.020 KJ/KG

Final Answer:the difference between

=

-

46.020 KJ/KG

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