ONTARIO P.O.

Box 2849 1757 Burlington Street East Hamilton, ON L8N 3R5 Tel: (905) 547-3251 Fax: (905) 547-7369 WESTERN #1100-1200 West 73rd Avenue Vancouver, BC V6P 6G5 Tel: (604) 737-1279 Fax: (604) 733-0465 QUEBEC 400, boul. St-Martin Ouest, Ste. 200 Laval (Québec) H7M 3Y8 Tél.: (450) 668-5600 Télécopieur: (450) 668-1209 ATLANTIC 2 Bluewater Road, Suite 215 Beaford, NS B4B 1G7 Tel: (902) 444-7350 Fax: (902) 444-7351 VISIT OUR WEBSITE: WWW.CANAdApIpE.COm EmAIL: INfO@CANAdApIpE.COm

All rights reserved Canada Pipe Company Ltd.
August 2005

CANAdA pIpE dUCTILE IRON pIpE

CANAdA pIpE dUCTILE IRON pIpE
Canada Pipe Company Ltd. with head offices in Hamilton, Ontario, is a Canadian subsidiary of McWane Inc. All Ductile Iron Pipe supplied by Canada Pipe is manufactured at one of the McWane facilities and meets or exceeds the requirements of the Standards listed.

HAmILTON  OffICES ANd pIpE STORAGE YARd

• TYTON and TYTON JOINT are registered trademarks of United States
Pipe and Foundry Company, Inc.

• FASTITE is a registered trademark of American Cast Iron Pipe Company. • VITON is a registered trademark of Dupont Dow Elastomers L.L.C. • McWane, PSCIPCO, Atlantic States, Canada Pipe, CLOW, Super-Lock
Thrust-Lock are trademarks or registered trademarks of McWane Cast Iron Pipe and its affiliated companies.

• All other trademarks belong to their respective owners.

2

4 ANSI / AWWA C105/A21. Utah 3 .5 ANSI / AWWAC600 ASTM A746 ANSI / AWWA C606 Subject Covered Design of Ductile Iron Pipe Manufacturing of Ductile Iron Pipe Rubber Gasket Joints Flanged Pipe Cement Mortar Linings Polyethylene Encasement for Ductile Iron Pipe Installation Gravity Sewers Grooved & Shouldered Joints SpECIfICATIONS SHORT fORm SpECIfICATIONS Pipe shall be Ductile Iron Pipe as designed by ANSI/AWWA C150/A21.15 ANSI / AWWA C104/A21. AppROVALS ANd LISTINGS pipe Underwriters Laboratories National Fire Protection Association National Sanitation Foundation Factory Mutual – PSCIPCO ISO 9002 BNQ 3623-085 – Atlantic States polyethylene Encasement Japan JD PL Z2005 Great Britain BS 6076 International ISO 8180 Germany DIN 30674. or to the Pressure Class shown on the drawings. supplied with rubber gasket push-on joints in accordance with ANSI/AWWA C111/A21. New Jersey Clow Water Systems.AppLICABLE STANdARdS Standard designation ANSI / AWWA C150/A21. Ohio McWane Cast Iron Pipe.11 ANSI / AWWA C115/A21.4 Standard.11.50 ANSI / AWWA C151/A21. Provo. Alabama Pacific States Cast Iron Pipe. Phillipsburg. and Pressure Class 150 for 30" (750 mm) and larger. Coshocton.51. Pipe shall be supplied in minimum Pressure Class 350 for 4" through 12" (100 mm through 300 mm).51 ANSI / AWWA C111/A21. PT 5 Australia AS 3680 and AS 3681 mANUfACTURING fACILITIES Atlantic States Cast Iron Pipe. Pressure Class 200 for 24" (600 mm). Pressure Class 250 for 14" through 20" (350 mm through 500 mm). All pipe shall be cement-mortar lined in accordance with ANSI/ AWWA C104/A21. Birmingham.50 and manufactured to ANSI/AWWA C151/A21.

4 .pIpE mANUfACTURING ductile Iron pipe foundry In Action Casting machines centrifugally force molten iron against the mould to form pipe. Iron pipe is being prepared for removal from casting mould.

50. Ductile Iron Pipe is considered a flexible conduit and is therefore designed separately to withstand internal pressure and external loads. principles and safety factors in their designs.dUCTILE IRON pIpE mANUfACTURING Canada Pipe Ductile Iron Pipe is cast centrifugally in metal moulds in accordance with ANSI/AWWA C151/A21. (min) at -40°F 500 psi test on every length prior to leaving the foundry dUCTILE IRON pIpE mANUfACTURING dUCTILE IRON pIpE mANUfACTURING Impact Test Hydrostatic Test Ball Impression Test The spigot of every length is tested for ductility prior to leaving the foundry. These tables are provided on the following pages to assist a designer in selecting. Cast (Gray) Iron Pipe Ductile Iron Pipe These photomicrographs compare the microstructures of gray iron and Ductile Iron. Although both materials are classified as cast irons. which is introduced into a rotating metal mould fitted with a bell core.51 Standard. Ductile Iron is an improvement to the cast irons that have served the water industry with distinction through the centuries. rather than calculating. Canada Pipe Ductile Iron Pipe meets or exceeds the following acceptance test requirements set forth by the ANSI/AWWA C151. the appropriate Ductile Iron Pipe class. A small but precise amount of magnesium is added to molten iron.51 Standard. Tensile Test 60. The current revision of this standard recognizes both the Pressure Class and the Special Class (originally called Thickness Class) designations and utilizes the same design criteria.-lb. dUCTILE IRON pIpE dESIGN Canada Pipe Ductile Iron Pipe is designed to the ANSI/AWWA C150/A21.A21. the carbon. 5 .-lb. Note the relative continuity of the matrix exhibited by the Ductile Iron (bottom).000 psi (min) ultimate strength 42. The centrifugal force evenly distributes and holds the molten iron against the mould until it solidifies. in today's terminology the older material is identified as gray iron and the newer material as Ductile Iron. The shape of these pools of carbon is a major factor in the mechanical properties of the material. Minor but significant changes in chemistries and processing result in physical differences at the micro-structure level that result in a vastly improved fracture toughness and ductility making Ductile Iron piping products substantially more resistant to damage from impact or concentrated stresses. During the solidification stage of the casting process. sometimes called graphite. The newly formed pipe is then removed and furnace annealed to obtain the prescribed physical properties.50 Standard which was originally adopted in 1965. (min) at 70°F 3 ft.000 psi (min) yield strength 10% (min) elongation 7 ft. comes out of solution and collects in numerous small pools. Two selection tables have been developed using the design procedures described in ANSI/AWWA C150/A21. The first Ductile Iron Pipe was produced experimentally in 1948.

6 . Kingston Ontario. dUCTILE IRON pIpE JOINTS ANd dImENSIONS dUCTILE IRON pIpE JOINTS ANd dImENSIONS 24” (600mm) diameter TYTON JOINT® Ductile Iron Pipe. The old rule of thumb of 3 or 4 threads was based on the much weaker pit-cast pipe. pIpE TAppING The Ductile Iron Pipe Research Association (DIPRA) and the pipe manufacturers have conducted extensive testing of direct tapping Ductile Iron Pipe.000 psi internal pressure. the maximum recommended direct tap sizes to ensure a watertight tap are shown below. The standard gasket supplied is the Styrene Butadiene (SBR) gasket. Special locking style gaskets can be supplied to provide joint restraint on standard TYTON® joint pipe.pUSH-ON JOINTS All Canada Pipe Ductile Iron Pipe for underground installation is supplied with TYTON® joint or fASTITE® joint bells. Based on these tests. unlike old cast iron pipe which required an 18” separation for main stops. Because of the high strength of ductile iron. the number of threads engaged is less critical. Other gasket materials such as EPDM. These joints were originally developed in 1956 and are designed to be bottle-tight and easily assembled. NOTE: DIPRA also recommends the use of two layers of pipe thread sealant tape on all direct taps made on Ductile Iron Pipe to minimize the torque required to effect a watertight tap. 430 psi external pressure and to 14 psi negative air pressure with no leakage or infiltration. They have been tested to 1. Pressure class Ductile Iron Pipe can be direct tapped within close proximity. Nitrile. Neoprene and VITON® are also available. on site.

69 20.0 18 6.3 281.2 in 3.90 9.1 19.95 887.8 in 4.75 24.7 318.43 722.6 421.5 5.0 18 5.9 474.00 127.20 15.5 5.5 5.9 93.1 633.00 38.98 507.63 mm 174.94 277.2 159.5 5.15 3.50 21.4 13.07 37.00 127.5 5.2 219.10 13.00 558.55 16. Dimensions are subject to manufacturing tolerances.5 5.8 24.5 10.3 15.1 34.7 527.3 548.0 85.5 5.80 6.0 18 5.40 19.6 442.86 8.7 789.8 dUCTILE IRON pIpE JOINTS ANd dImENSIONS 5.61 18.12 612.8 972.3 388.18 6.7 41.95 31.1 5.80 32.0 369.5 5.60 25.05 11.75 mm 80.5 214.9 175.0 495.30 17. mAXImUm RECOmmENdEd dIRECT TAp SIZE SIZE in 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 mm 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 2" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2" 2" 1 1/2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 150 pRESSURE CLASS 200 250 300 350 3/4" 1" 1" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2" 2" 2" 7 .7 95.50 165.6 655.50 165.1 265.38 3.2 947.2 in 6.9 335.5 22.06 382.3 ft 20 18 18 18 18 m 6.1 18 6.00 127.3 95.37 1050.TYTON JOINT® pipe 4”-24” 100mm-600mm fASTITE® Joint pipe 30”-36” 750mm-900mm dUCTILE IRON pIpE JOINTS & dImENSIONS SIZE OUTSIdE dIAmETER INSIdE dIAmETER BELL dIAmETER ‘A’ BELL dEpTH 'B' NOmINAL LAYING LENGTH in 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 • • mm 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 750 900 in 4.6 28.46 12.32 338.80 452.5 17.29 mm 106.0 18 5.3 812.3 229.5 5.00 127.75 3.5 5.69 3.0 18 5.00 127.52 14.1 18 Inside diameters are based on minimum Pressure Classes available and include standard cement lining.28 8.43 10.30 mm 121.

Radius of Curve ft 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 260 m 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 79 dUCTILE IRON pIpE JOINT dEfLECTION 18 20 24 30 36 Washout . Nova Scotia.pUSH-ON JOINT JOINT dEfLECTION pipe Size in 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 mm 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 750 900 Y deg. 1999.Amherst. The pipe stayed in operation despite over deflection of the joints. deg 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 5° 4° deflection X in 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 11 mm 483 483 483 483 483 483 483 483 483 483 483 280 Approx. 8 .

145 145 195 195 195 285 285 340 340 450 m 44 44 59 59 59 87 87 104 104 137 dUCTILE IRON pIpE JOINT dEfLECTION Demonstration of the superior flexibilty of Ductile Iron Pipe.5 13.mECHANICAL JOINT Pipe Size in 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 mm 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 Y Deg.5 11 11 9 mm 760 760 510 510 510 340 340 280 280 230 Approx. 30 30 20 20 20 13. 7° 7' 7° 7' 5° 21' 5° 21' 5° 21' 3° 35' 3° 35' 3° 3° 3° 23' Deflection X in. Radius of Curve ft. 9 . Deg.

9 19 5.38 9.9 .1 .4 24 7.0 62 19.6 28 8.0 44 13.4 13 4.8 47 14.7 .9 .0 11 3.31 7.31 7.2 8 2.4 .4 .9 .7 .7 13 4.7 .0 25 7.7 .6 .9 .33 8.1 .2 17 5.2 14 4.1 .43 10.0 16 4.7 26 7.34 8.5 30 9.9 .6 36 11.4 .4 13 4.0 42 13.1 8 2.2 29 8.1 .4 .8 21 6.3 15 4.3 25 7.3 17 5.40 10.8 21 6.2 MAXIMUM DEPTH OF COVER LAYING CONDITIONS (Refer to section on ‘Ductile Iron Pipe Installation’) TYPE 1 ft m 53 16 100+ 30+ 26 7.0 99 30.0 25 7.0 28 8.0 15 4.7 .38 9.6 .4 .2 20 6.56 14.0 22 6.0 53 16.0 45 14.9 27 8.2 33 10.4 .0 79 24.31 7.39 9.5 22 6.30 7.2 18 5.0 15 4.25 6.9 .7 15 4.6 29 8.1 35 11.34 8.7 12 3.0 44 13.0 44 13.42 10.0 53 16.6 22 6.0 22 6.1 30 9.6 .7 .38 9.0 26 7.0 38 12.3 TYPE 5 ft m 100+ 30+ 100+ 30+ 65 20.41 10.47 11.2 28 8.43 10.4 .5 34 10.1 .2 19 5.42 10.0 25 7.35 8.53 13.0 13 4.5 36 11.6 .7 24 7.1 14 4.6 17 5.0 100+ 30+ 34 10.0 15 4.0 13 4.6 .0 50 15.36 9.31 7.8 19 5.1 30 9.8 11 3.0 12 3.5 38 12.6 15 4.4 23 7.37 9.4 32 9.1 23 7.3 24 7. •Contact Canada Pipe for availability of other Special Classes and larger sizes.0 41 12.8 31 9.0 28 8.0 34 10.4 10 3.0 59 18.6 17 5.0 11 3.0 19 5.1 54 16.8 33 10.0 15 4.9 .0 55 17.30 7.7 15 4.0 30 9.33 8.0 41 12.4 10 3.4 11 3.6 17 5.2 19 5.0 21 6.0 11 3.4 .4 12 3.2 19 5.0 17 5.0 36 11.42 10.4 .25 6.8 29 8.5 .4 77 23.33 8.6 16 4.37 9.3 15 4.0 15 4.26 6.4 9 2.0 71 22.7 35 11.4 .0 23 7.0 10 3.8 TYPE 4 ft m 85 26 100+ 30+ 47 14.6 20 6.0 14 4.1 TYPE 2 ft m 61 19 100+ 30+ 31 9.0 24 7.4 12 3.9 28 8.1 24 7.0 14 4.3 26 7.6 17 5.6 TYPE 3 ft m 69 21 100+ 30+ 37 11.3 16 4.6 14 4.6 8 2.5 40 12.39 9.0 44 13.0 100+ 30+ 50 15.6 .9 .6 24 7. •Maximum depths for Special Classes are as per Table 14 AWWA C150-86 •Dimensions are subject to manufacturing tolerances.mAXImUm dEpTH Of COVER PRESSURE / SPECIAL CLASS PC SC 350 52 350 50 52 350 50 52 350 50 52 350 50 52 250 300 350 50 52 250 300 350 50 52 250 300 50 350 52 250 300 50 350 52 200 250 50 300 350 52 150 200 50 250 300 52 350 150 200 50 250 300 52 350 NOMINAL WALL THICKNESS in mm .0 31 9.51 13.2 30 9.8 25 7.9 27 8.34 8.45 11.0 33 10.35 8.0 64 20.6 10 3.38 9.9 28 8.0 .29 7.2 20 6.5 20 6.3 16 4.4 .5 32 9.0 77 23.2 41 12.3 15 4.25 6.0 14 4.0 57 17.0 10 3.5 19 5.8 27 8.0 20 6.0 86 26.8 37 11.36 9.0 46 14.7 12 3.7 .9 25 7.0 52 16.7 14 4.3 19 5.4 19 5.0 15 4.0 24 7.47 11.33 8.7 10 3.29 7.3 34 10.7 13 4.8 29 8.0 15 4.6 22 6.0 62 19.9 67 20.0 17 5.8 9 2.8 in 4 6 8 SIZE mm 100 150 200 10 250 12 300 14 350 TYPE 1 16 400 LAYING 18 450 CONDITIONS 20 500 NOT 24 600 mAXImUm dEpTH  Of COVER RECOMMENDED 30 750 FOR THESE 36 900 SIZES •Maximum depths for Pressure Classes are as per Table 14 AWWA C150-02.2 14 4.9 .6 17 5.4 .9 19 5.7 14 4.28 7.5 19 5.8 27 8.9 .6 12 3.7 26 7.0 39 12.8 19 5.4 .27 6.6 25 7.0 39 12.8 35 11.5 36 11.28 7.49 12.40 10.4 . 10 .3 41 12.2 .6 25 7.8 32 9.8 24 7.6 27 8.9 .9 .6 47 14.3 25 7.3 28 8.9 18 5.4 36 11.0 49 15.44 11.0 19 5.3 17 5.3 15 4.32 8.2 .2 18 5.9 .2 .

6 The most commonly used classes of Ductile Iron Pipe and their rated working pressures are shown in the adjacent table.35 .7 10.7 10.9 8.2 kPa 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 2410 1720 2070 2410 2410 2410 2410 1720 2070 2410 2410 2410 1720 2070 2410 2410 2410 2410 1720 2070 2410 2410 2410 1380 1720 1720 2070 2410 2410 2410 1030 1380 1380 1720 2070 2070 2410 1030 1380 1380 1720 2070 2070 2410 6 150 6.1 10.9 8.31 .AVAILABLE pIpE CLASSES Size (Nominal) in 4 Outside Diameter in 4. providing a Type 5 laying condition is used.30 972.42 .37 .5 14.4 10.39 .9 9.30 .6 250 300 350 250 300 350 24 600 25. (.8 150 200 250 300 350 150 200 250 300 350 36 900 38.20 335.6 9.31 .31 .56 .40 442.30 .9 8.1 7.1 9.47 .9 6. The table is based on single H-20 truckload with a 1.9 10.10 281.39 .38 .51 .80 Pressure & Special Class PC 350 Nominal Wall Thickness in .37 .40 .7 8.27 . please contact Canada Pipe.37 .29 .31 .5 impact factor.36 .49 .43 .2 11.9 SC 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 54* 50 52 55* 50 52 56* 50 52 50 52 - mm 6.0 250 300 350 18 450 19.4 11. A safety factor of 2:1 is then applied to the working pressure and surge allowance.6 10.6 7.25 .0 13.4 9.s.80 655. 250 300 350 16 400 17.47 .9 11.9 13.43 .4 9.9 11.1 8.3 SELECT fOR dEpTH Of COVER The most commonly used classes of Ductile Iron Pipe for underground installation and their maximum depth of cover are shown in the preceding table.33 .44 .2 14.41 .38 .7 10.9 8.9 7.29 . * .6 7.34 .9 10.45 .1 7.7 7.28 .9 12.9 350 12 300 13.4 9.33 .25 .9 9.53 .4 8.30 388.51 .42 . Contact Canada Pipe for availability of other Special Classes and larger sizes.4 9.33 .3 350 8 200 9.00 812.4 7.3 200 250 300 350 30 750 32.40 .2 8. 11 .46 . All classes of Ductile Iron Pipe shown are capable of withstanding loads created under a minimum of 1 ft. All ratings have an additional 100 psi (690 kPa) allowance for surge.9 11.45 .90 175.i.60 548.28 . Dimensions are subject to manufacturing tolerance.4 11.9 9. (690 kPa) surge allowance.9 350 10 250 11. 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 250 300 350 350 350 350 250 300 350 350 350 250 300 350 350 350 350 250 300 350 350 350 200 250 250 300 350 350 350 150 200 200 250 300 300 350 150 200 200 250 300 300 350 mm 100 mm 121.36 .6 8.32 .4 9.8 AVAILABLE  pIpE CLASSES • • • • Pressure ratings shown have an additional 100 p.39 .56 Pressure Rating p.i.38 .7 9.3 350 SELECT fOR WORKING pRESSURE 14 350 15.26 .4 7.3 m) of cover.50 495.4 7.33 .38 .7 10.35 . For information on other laying conditions and depths of cover.05 229.47 .35 .7 11.34 .41 .9 6.s.4 6.42 .25 .4 7.43 .2 10.6 8.4 6.Recommended classes for grooving.7 12.4 9.4 8.34 . 20 500 21.

Grooved Joints are based on VICTAULIC® Style 31 and conform to ANSI / AWWA C606 Standard. positive lock restrained joint system designed for internal working pressures of up to 350 psi (2.410 kPa) and is available in sizes 6" (150 mm) through 36" (900 mm). THRUST-LOCK® SUpER-LOCKTm RESTRAINEd JOINT The SUpER-LOCKTm joint is a flexible. Special Class 55 for 20" (500 mm) and Special Class 56 for 24" (600 mm) for grooved pipe fabrication.410 kPa) and is available in sizes 6" (150 mm) through 24" (600 mm).15 Standard. positive lock restrained joint system designed for internal working pressures of up to 350 psi (2. Flanged Joints incorporate threaded flanges drilled and faced to ANSI B16. A ductile iron wedge restrainer is secured on the spigot and matched up with the MJ bell flange.410 kPa) and is available in sizes 6" (150 mm) through 30" (750 mm). The THRUST-LOCK® joint utilizes either the TYTON® or fASTITE® gasket for joint seal within an extended slotted bell. The MJ / TJ joint utilizes a TYTON® gasket for joint seal within a TYTON® bell which has an MJ bell flange cast on to it. The wedge restainer is secured to the MJ bell flange with T-head bolts and nuts to provide restraint. positive lock restrained joint system designed for internal working pressures of up to 350 psi (2. GROOVEd fLANGEd THRUST-LOCK® RESTRAINEd JOINT The THRUST-LOCK® joint is a flexible. A ductile iron locking ring. both which provide complete thrust restraint. is inserted into the slotted bell and rotated to provide restraint.1 and conform to ANSI / AWWA C115/A21. Canada Pipe recommends Special Class 54 for 4" (100 mm) through 18" (450 mm). positioned behind a retainer weldment on the spigot. is inserted over top of the lugged bell and rotated to provide restraint. A ductile iron locking ring.dUCTILE IRON pIpE RESTRAINEd JOINTS GROOVEd & fLANGEd JOINTS Canada Pipe Ductile Iron Pipe for above-ground mechanical piping installations can be supplied with either Grooved or Flanged Joints. boltless. bolted. The SUpERLOCKTm joint utilizes either the TYTON® or fASTITE® gasket for joint seal within a lugged bell. positioned behind a retainer weldment on the spigot. Both these joints should only be provided on heavier classes of Ductile Iron Pipe. boltless. dUCTILE IRON pIpE RESTRAINEd JOINTS mJ / TJ JOINT WITH WEdGE RESTRAINER CONTACT CANAdA pIpE fOR dETAILEd INfORmATION WHENEVER RESTRAINEd JOINTS ARE BEING CONSIdEREd 12 . SUpER-LOCKTm mJ / TJ JOINT WITH WEdGE RESTRAINER The MJ/TJ joint is a flexible.

"Loose soil" or "Select" is defined as native soil excavated from the trench. Backfill lightly consolidated to top of pipe. (Approx. REFER TO THE SECTION ON ‘MAXIMUM DEPTH OF COVER’ TO OPTIMIZE TRENCH TYPE. TYpE 3 Pipe bedded in 4-inch loose soil. WHEN DESIGNING WATERMAIN PROJECTS. Back-fill compacted to top of pipe (Approx. Compacted granular or select material to top of pipe. Backfill lightly consolidated to centreline of pipe. dUCTILE IRON pIpE INSTALLATION TYpE 2 Flat-bottom trench. foreign materials and frozen earth. gravel or crushed stone to depth of 1/8 pipe diameter. 90% Standard Proctor AASHO T-99). TYpE 4 Pipe bedded in sand. Loose backfill.dUCTILE IRON pIpE INSTALLATION TYpE 1 Flat-bottom trench. TYpE 5 Pipe bedded in compacted granular material to centreline of pipe. 4-inch minimum. free of rocks. DEPTH OF COVER AND PIPE CLASSIFICATION. "Flat-bottom" is defined as undisturbed earth. 80% Standard Proctor AASHO T-99). 13 .

the bell face should be aligned between the two white depth rings. A backhoe may be used to assemble pipe of intermediate and large size. After making sure that the correct gasket is being used.dUCTILE IRON pIpE INSTALLATION dUCTILE IRON pIpE INSTALLATION STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3A Small pipe can be assembled with the use of a long bar. push the plain end into the bell socket. insert it into the recess in the bell with the small end of the gasket facing the bell face. STEp 2 STEp 3A. such as a jack or come-along. making 3B sure that the entire surface is coated. while larger pipe will require additional power. The bucket of the backhoe may then be used to push the pipe until fully seated. 14 . while maintaining straight alignment. Apply lubricant to the inside surface only of the gasket. Remove any foreign material or excess paint. STEp 4 Guide the plain end into the bell and. Apply a generous coating of lubricant to the bevelled portion of the plain end. A timber header should be used between the pipe and backhoe bucket to avoid damage to the pipe. Clean the spigot or bevelled plain end and remove any sharp edges with a standard file. When assembly is complete. Ensure that the gasket seats properly. STEP 3B STEP 4 Completed Installation pUSH-ON pIpE JOINT ASSEmBLY STEp 1 Thoroughly clean out the bell with special attention to the gasket recess. The plain end of the pipe should be carefully guided by hand into the bell of the previously assembled pipe. necessary deflection can be accomplished. Once the joint is assembled.

96 9. Canada Pipe supplies.84 8. rough edges which otherwise might damage the gasket. This can be quite easily done with a cut-off saw or a portable grinder. tape can be used as a gauging device.99 11.74 6. Accordingly.26 15.75 m) OF THE BELL FACE WITHOUT FIRST GAUGING THE PIPE.45 19.08 38.11 11. pipe selected for field cutting should also be field gauged in the location of the cut. The outside of the cut end should be bevelled about 1/4 inch at an angle of about 30 degrees (Figure 1). 15 .When pipe is cut in the field.D. tape.72 31. The ANSI/AWWA Standard for Ductile Iron Pipe requires only factory gauging of the bell and spigot ends. in 15 9/32 21 7/8 28 5/8 35 1/16 41 21/32 48 7/32 54 13/16 61 13/32 68 81 7/32 100 25/32 120 9/16 NOTE: IN NO CASE SHOULD PIPE BE CUT WITHIN 2 1/2 FEET (.32 19.35 17. pipe that has been "gauged full length" at the plant. in 14 29/32 21 1/2 28 1/4 34 11/16 41 9/32 47 13/16 54 13/32 61 67 19/32 80 13/16 100 11/32 120 1/8 max. These lengths are marked with paint on the bell face and can be used for cutting.16 13. In the field.65 25.24 max. pipe Circum. · Diameters and Circumferences to be determined using an O.D.42 21.94 38.04 13. This operation removes any sharp.85 32. with each load. pipe Circum.22 17. pipe diameter in 4. the cut end may be readily conditioned so that it can be used to make up the next joint.14 15.38 min.52 25. a mechanical joint gland or an O.86 6. pipe diameter in 4. ASSEmBLY Of fIELd CUT pIpE ASSEmBLY Of fIELd  CUT pIpE figure 1 SUITABLE pIpE dIAmETERS fOR fIELd CUTS Nominal pipe Size in 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 36 min.55 21.

preventing direct contact of the pipe with the corrosive soil.a realistic value that is maintained over the life of the pipe.ENVIRONmENTLY fRIENdLY ENVIRONmENTAL  pROTECTION Ductile Iron Pipe is manufactured using recycled iron and steel. resulting in less friction and thus. Once the corrosive nature of this moisture is depleted. The production of Ductile Iron Pipe does not release contaminants into the earth's environment. where it is necessary. There are. certain areas where highly aggressive soil conditions are encountered. The application of a seal coat to the cement-mortar lining is optional and must be requested. Additionally. Most water departments now have the experience and expertise to identify aggressive soil conditions. is recommended. to protect Ductile Iron Pipe. EXTERNAL COATING All Ductile Iron Pipe is supplied with an asphaltic shop coating which is sufficient for the majority of installations. It also effectively reduces the electrolyte available to support corrosion activity to the moisture that might be present in the thin annular space between the pipe and the polyethylene film.5. in accordance with ANSI / AWWA C105/A21. the 10 point soil evaluation procedure recommended to be used to determine potentially corrosive environments. In these cases. The seal coat provides a barrier between soft or acidic waters and the cement-mortar lining. This standard also includes. Polyethylene encasement is a very reliable and cost effective method of protection. ENVIRONmENTAL pROTECTION There is no doubt that the life expectancy of Ductile Iron Pipe is a direct function of its environment. The cement-mortar lining prevents tuberculation of the pipe by creating a high pH condition at the pipe wall. less head loss. in the appendix.4. This is a major step in determining the locations. INTERNAL COATING ENVIRONmENTAL  pROTECTION Unless otherwise specified. The composition remains constant since each molten charge (batch) is spectrometer measured to ensure elemental conformity. 8 mil-thick polyethylene encasement. or "C" value of 140 . cement-mortar linings create a hydraulically smooth flow surface inside the pipe. 16 . The polyethylene encasement prevents corrosion by acting as an unbonded film. which has been used successfully for over 40 years. Cement-mortar lined Ductile Iron Pipe provides a Hazen William's flow coefficient. Fortunately. the majority of soil/trench environments are not harmful to iron pipe as has been witnessed over centuries. however. it enters a state of equilibrium and a uniform. all Ductile Iron Pipe is furnished with cement-mortar lining conforming to ANSI / AWWA C104/A21. non-corrosive environment remains around the pipe. and the use of additional external corrosion protection is warranted.

17 . Ductile Iron Pipe installed with 8 mil polyethylene encasement in aggressive soil conditions.ENVIRONmENTAL pROTECTION Cement-mortar lining in 24” (600mm) diameter pipe.

Ductile Iron Pipe. CUTTING ANd TAppING Ductile Iron Pipe is completely field efficient. HIGH pRESSURE AppLICATIONS Since 1975.25" Wall Steel Conc. fLOW AREA COmpARISON COmmONLY USEd pRESSURE pIpE (Sq. because of its unusually high strength. a 12" (300mm) Class 50 Ductile Iron Pipe with a nominal wall thickness of . or result in significantly reduced pumping costs. has a proven history of handling all of these factors better than any other underground pipe material. vibrations. traffic loads and internal pressures to be encountered by underground pipe.610 psi (based on minimum yield strength with all minus tolerances removed from the thickness). The fact that more water can be moved through a Ductile Iron Pipe for a given amount of energy. excessive water hammer. This 12" (300mm) pipe would not actually fail until the internal pressure exceeded 2. which means even greater savings. seismic activity.an advantage in emergency situations. In. For example. and frost penetration loads. Series 160 HdpE Series 100 HdpE 0. LOCATING Underground Ductile Iron Pipe can be easily located with standard pipe locating equipment .300 psi (based on minimum ultimate strength of 60.31 inches. Utah. In most cases.000 psi).100 psi without a single failure. subsidence of support soil.fLOW The larger than nominal diameters and internal lining smoothness (C140) of Ductile Iron Pipe significantly reduces pumping costs. can withstand internal pressures up to 1. please contact Canada Pipe for information on maximum allowable pressures. The comparisons of actual flow areas of commonly used pipe is shown on the table.50 Standard. ductility and impact resistance. may make it possible to specify a smaller nominal diameter to accomplish a required flow.) Cement Lined d. But there are unpredictable influences on pipe loadings: swell pressures in certain clay soils. pressure capacity will greatly exceed pressure rating in the standard tables.I. 12" (300mm) Ductile Iron Pipe has been serving Manti. 18 . thereby greatly reducing maintenance costs. For high pressure applications. This is more than three times the rated working pressure of 350 psi stated in ANSI/AWWA C150/A21. uneven settlement. dUCTILE IRON pIpE BENEfITS diameter dR 18 pVC dR 25 pVC in 8 12 18 24 mm 200 300 450 600 900 56 123 274 489 1092 51 108 236 413 54 116 253 443 973 38 83 164 293 680 45 98 194 345 780 52 118 240 458 990 254 452 1018 dUCTILE IRON pIpE BENEfITS 36 LOW mAINTENANCE COSTS Design engineers can predict ordinary earth loads. adjacent construction influences. pres. It can be cut to fit without loss of joint tightness and tapped safely and securely for residential services without the use of tapping saddles. at an internal pressure of 1. Cyl.

even in the most undesirable soil conditions. prism and beam loads. plus ISO 8180 (International) and individual standards for Great Britain. all other watermain pipe products currently available. There are hundreds of water departments in Canada and the United States who continue to select Ductile Iron Pipe as the watermain material of choice. and therefore has the greatest hydraulic capabilities in the industry. founded in 1915. Germany and Australia. Ductile iron pipe is the strongest watermain pipe available.. by a very large margin. King Louis X1V of France commissioned the construction of a cast iron watermain. cement mortar lining of cast iron watermain was first used to • Cast or ductile iron pipe corrodes only as a function of its underground environment.S. over the last two centuries. re-excavation etc. in service after 100 years. • Ductile iron is machined for engine parts such as crankshafts and connecting • Ductile iron pipe has the largest available inside diameters vs. protect the interior wall of the pipe and improve water quality. • Soil evaluation technology today can determine whether or not ductile iron • Since 1958. earth.dipra. rods. circa 1800. publishes additional technical information and investigative reports pertaining to Ductile Iron Pipe. thrust restraint. has continued to exceed expectations.THE HISTORY ANd THE fACTS • In 1664. Internal pressures. plus various brake and steering components. • Cast iron watermain pipe was first used in North America. as the standard protection method. AWWA & ASTM (U. which lasted more that 330 years in service. hence the extremely long life in so many installations. surge and cyclic loads. The performance of iron watermain. By adopting polyethylene encasement. polyethylene encasement has been used successfully to prevent the corrosion of iron watermains in some of the most corrosive locations in North America. pipe requires special corrosion protection. • There are currently over 16 cities in America with cast iron pipe still in service after 150 years (before the invention of electricity and the automobile).IRON pIpE . many municipalities have recognized the additional benefits of Ductile Iron Pipe. "TOUGH" is an understatement when Ductile Iron Pipe is selected as the watermain material of choice. construction handling. • The success of polyethylene encasement has created the adoption dUCTILE IRON pIpE fACTS of standards by ANSI. The Ductile Iron Pipe Research Association (DIPRA). This source material is currently available at: www. due to its strength and reliability. Today. in the Philadelphia water systems. service taps. • There are over 565 towns/cities in North America with cast iron watermain • Nine or more reasons for watermain failure are related to strength. all demand a strong pipe. where necessary. • In 1922.). water departments are ensuring life expectancy. Japan.org 19 .