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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

1.1.The Background Language is a media of communication that is important for people, because by using language people can know much information by language. Besides that, people can convey their idea through language. Language developed because of interactions among individuals in a community. Based on the importance of language as part of a communication in people life, Fromkin and Rodman (1998 : 5) stating briefly about human language namely as a system arbitrary of the symbols of the sound that is used by the members of society for communicating and knowing each other. An important role of language for people besides as media to express their self, feeling, mind, desire and needs, either as creature personal and social, and as a integration media and social adaptation between people in developing their civilization. People use language as a media of communication in their activity in society. Nowadays, globalization era is encouraging the development of language rapidly, especially language from abroad or English language. English is international language that is used as introductory in communication among nations. Because of English is an international language so people will tend to learn and be capable in English so that they would not lose in international

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competition. In this moment, a language that should be our command is English, because it is international language that has a very important role in communication between countries in the world. English, as an international language has important role in many fields, such as technology, science, journalist or reporter, communication, and so on. For journalism, English is very important to support this field. Because, a journalist without English, how can people discussing about news, such as write a news, communication news international (VOA)and and interview with guests foreign people or how can read news, pronunciation etc.

Therefore, the writer would like to make an observation and see how important English skills for journalist. That is why the writer chooses “The Important English Speaking Skills in World of Journalism” as the title of his final project. In this writing, the writer will see how English skills usage in Journalist. A Journalist also examines major ethical and legal issues pertaining to the practice of journalism and examines the relationship between government and the press. The academic study of journalism involves the development of key journalistic skills including the ability to write a news story, conduct an interview and put together a feature. Students also conduct analysis of differences between types of newspaper and the news values they display. A Journalist also examines major ethical and legal issues pertaining to the practice of journalism and examines the relationship between government and the press. 2

Journalist should be keen to develop their communication skills, both written and verbal, read newspapers and magazines in-depth and work both individually and as a team to write stories and create magazines. You need the ability to use your own initiative, work under pressure and conduct research. In the world of journalism, journalists and people who are in it is necessary to master the English language at least be able to write the news in English, and can also be the main model in the search for international news. 1.2. The Objective There are two aims of this research. The first is to learn more about the process how to makes a news in English or International News for a journalist. The second is to know the benefit English speaking in world journalism. 1.3. The Significant The writer suggested some advantage of this project for student, institution and also the reader. The advantages of the institution are to introduce and promote State Polytechnics of Padang to the public directly especially English Department. Even though, the advantage of the writer is to improve their knowledge quality in making news in English. And also for the reader is to know the superiority or quality of State Polytechnics of Padang. 1.4. The Methodology Based on this research, the writer uses some method to gain data of this research. The first is interview. The writer made some interview with the sources to gain the data. Interviewing is a vital skill for any journalists. The second is observation. The third is library resources. It is collecting

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data gained from various references by learning some book related to the importance English in journalism. The writer would found some data of this final project about importance English in journalism with Browsing internet. The Example News (Internee’s Contribution) RRI is chosen as radio carrying out event have theme of green radio. This event executed on 22 April 2012 in Limau Manis. This event also attended by Governor of West Sumatra The Head RRI and also other staff . This event aim for the green of area of province West Sumatra as well as preservation environment. Based on the information this event will crop seed to be used more than a thousand tree.

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CHAPTER II TEORITICAL BACKGROUND

1.1 Review of The Literature A journalist collects and distributes news and other information. A journalist's work is referred to as journalism. A reporter is a type of journalist who researches, writes, and reports on information to be presented in mass media, including print media (newspapers and magazines), electronic media (television, radio, documentary film), and digital media (such as online journalism). Reporters cultivate sources, conduct interviews, engage in research, and make reports. The information-gathering part of a journalist's job is sometimes called "reporting," in contrast to the production part of the job such as writing articles. Reporters may split their time between working in a newsroom and going out to witness events or interview people. Reporters may be assigned a specific beat or area of coverage.

Depend on the context; the term journalist may include various types of editors, editorial writers, columnists, and visual journalists, such as

photojournalists (journalists who use the medium of photography).

Journalism has developed a variety of ethics and standards. While objectivity and a lack of bias are often the rapid advancement of information media today simply provide a significant advance. Print and electronic media were competing against each other so much speed that no doubt if the hunter demanded creativity in the delivery of news information . Mastering the basics of journalistic knowledge capital is very important when we waterfall in the world.

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The presence of the media is no longer limited to the actual transmitter of information to the public, but the media also have a heavy responsibility in presenting the facts to always act objectively in any preaching. According to Kris Budiman, journalism (journalistic, the Netherlands) can be restricted briefly as preparation activities, writing, editing, and delivering news to the public through specific media channels. Journalistic coverage to cover the activities of the distribution to the public. Previously, journalism in the narrow sense is also called a print publication. Today the notion is not only limited to print media such as newspapers, magazines, etc.., however, extends into the electronic media such as radio or television. Based media used include print journalism (print journalism), electronics (electronic journalism). Lately it has also grown journalism is connected (online journalism). Journalism, according to Luwi Ishwara (2005), has characteristics that are important to our attention. A. Skeptical Skepticism is an attitude to always question everything, doubting what is acceptable, and be aware of all the certainty that are not easily fooled. The essence of skepticism is doubt. Media not satisfied with the surface of an event as well as reluctant to remind that there are deficiencies in the community. Journalists should jump into the field , fight, and explorer things that are exclusive.

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B. Action Journalists do not wait until the event came, but he will seek out and observe the acumen of a journalist. C. Change Change is the primary law of journalism. Media is no longer a distributor of information, but the facilitator, filters and giving meaning of the information. D . Arts and Profession Journalists look with fresh eyes at each event to capture the unique aspects. D. Role of the Press Press as reporter, acting as eyes and ears of the public, reports of events beyond the knowledge society with a neutral and unbiased. In addition, the press also should act as interpreter, public representatives, the role of guard , and policy makers and advocacy. News When discussing about journalism, our minds would be directly fixed on the word "news" or "news". So what is news? News (news) based on the limits of Kris Budiman is a report on a recent event or events (actual); report on actual facts, draw attention, is considered important, or unusual. "News" itself contains an important sense, that is from the word "new" meaning "new". So, the news must have novelty value or always focuses on the actuality. Of the word "news" itself, we can translate it with "north", "east", "west", and "south". That the seeker must be informed of news in the four cardinal directions such sources.

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Furthermore, based on the type, Kris Budiman differentiate into "straight news" that contains reports political events, economic, social problems and crime, often referred to as hard news (hard news). While the "straight news" about things such as sports, arts, entertainment, hobbies, electronics, etc.., Categorized as mild or soft news (soft news). In addition, well known type of story called "feature" or a news story. This type of narrative, a story about the human aspects (human interest). A "feature" is not too tied to the news value and factuality. There is another so-called investigative news (investigative news), a result of an investigation or a full team of journalist and in depth reporting. Value of News News values include things like the following: 1. Objective: based on facts, not impartial. 2. Actual: latest, not “stale”. 3. Remarkable: a big strange, weird is not common. 4. Important: the influence or impact on people, regarding the important /famous. 5. Distance: familiarity, proximity, (geographical, cultural,

psychological). Five news values above by Kris Budiman was considered adequate in preparing the news. However, Masri Sareb Son in his book "Engineering News and Feature Writing", instead giving twelve news values in news writing (2006: 33). Twelve of these include: 1. Something unique,

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2. Something extraordinary, 3. Something rare, 4. Experienced something /do / happen to people (figure) is important, 5. Related to public outcry, 6. The hidden , 7. Something that is difficult to enter, 8. Something that has not been widely / generally known , 9. Thinking of important figures, 10. Comments / remarks of prominent figures, 11. Behavior/ lives of important figures and 12. Another remarkable thing. In fact, not all the values that we will use in a news writing. The most important thing is the actuality and objectivity seen in such content. News and anatomy of the elements as our bodies, the news also have parts , which rae as follows: 1. The title or headline ( headline) 2. The date line (dateline) 3. Terrace news (lead or intro) 4. News of the body (body) The sections above arranged integrally in the news. The composition of the most often heard is that the composition of the inverted pyramid. This method only further highlight the core message. Or in other words, more emphasis on

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things that are new to the public before a special thing. The aim is to facilitate or accelerate the reader in knowing what is preached; also to facilitate the editors cut the no / less important which is located at the bottom of the message body (Budiman 2005). Always with the elements of fact in each part, especially on the body of the news. By continuing to minimize that aspect trend would be an opinion. For that, a story must contain "facts" that it contains elements of 5W + 1H. This is similar to what is meant by Lasswell, a communications expert (Masri Sareb 2006 :38). 1. Who –who was involved in it? 2. What- what „s going on in an event? 3. Where –where the incident? 4. Why – why it happened? 5. When – when did it happen ? 6. How did it happen ? Not only limited to news, other forms of journalism, especially in print media, is a form of opinion. Form this opinion can be editorial (editorial), opinion articles or columns (column), corner and letters. News Sources Another important thing needed in a process of journalism is the news source. There are some hints that may help the collection of information, as disclosed by Eugene J. Webb and Jerry R. Salancik (Luwi Ismara 2005: 67) follows :

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1. Direct and indirect observation of the news situation . 2. The interview process . 3. Search or research materials through public documents . 4. Participation in events.

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CHAPTER III COMPANY OVERVIEW

3.1 Company History Radio Republic Indonesia was officially founded on 11 September 1945, by the people who operated some Japan radio station in six Japanese cities. The meeting which was held in Adang Kadarusman „s house Jakarta, Jalan Menteng in

and created a decision to build Radio Republic of Indonesia . Dr

Abdurrahman Saleh was the first leader of RRI. The meeting also created one famous declaration called The Charter of September 11th, 1945.it had 3 duties and functions reflected RRI to be neutral with all aspects. This gave a motivation for RRI‟s broadcaster In reformation era to make RRI as an independent and neutral public broadcast institution and also oriented into the people‟s importance. Now RRI has 60 broadcast stations and special broadcasts for abroad, that called Voice of Indonesia all RRI, except RRI Jakarta have 3 programs they are: 1 Regional Program (PRO I) which serves wide society segment 2..Citizen program (PRO II) which serves public in town 3.Program III which serves news channel to the public At the main branch station Jakarta has 6 programs they are: 1.Program I for adult listener in Jakarta 2.Program II for teenage listener in Jakarta

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3.Program III serves news and information channel 4.Program IV serves culture channel 5.Program V serves educational channel 6.Program VI serves classic musical and foreign language Radio Republic Indonesia (RRI) is the state radio network of Indonesia the organization is a public broadcast ting service. It is a national radio

station that broadcasts all over Indonesia and abroad to serve all Indonesian citizens throughout the nation and overseas. RRI also provides information about Indonesia to people around the world .Voice of Indonesia is the division for overseas broadcasting. 3.2 Company Profile As a public broadcast institution, RRI of Padang has job to give information, entertainment and education for all people in province of west Sumatra through radio. The vision of RRI is making RRI, a public broadcast institution, as the widest network radio, nation character builder and become an international standard radio. There are 8 mission of RRI they are: 1.Giving a trusted information that can be a guidance and a social control facility by considering journalistic / broadcasting ethic code 2.Developing an education program to build nation‟s creativity and character

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3.Building program that aim to dig and develop nation culture giving healthy entertainment for family and farming nation identify in the middle of globalization era. 4.Building program that serve minority needs 5.Making a program in district area become stronger to take care of NKRI„s honors. 6.Increasing abroad broadcasting quality with program that reflect a country political and a positive nation. 7. Increasing public participate in arranging program start from planning implementation and evaluating. 8. Increasing studio quality and expanding broadcast channel nationally and internationally by optimal technology source. Adapting broadcasting

development technology and make all stuffs become more efficient whether operational or technical equipments stuff. 3.3 Organization Structure of RRI Padang is 1. The Head of RRI Padang Name Registration number Position : Drs. Edi Supakat ,MM : 19590308 198003 1 002 : Supervisor of 1st level IV/1a June 1st, 2011

2. The Head of Administration Subsection Name Registration number Position : Drs. Mulyadi : 19601104 198303 2 003 : Manager of 1st level III/d October 1st, 2004

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a. The Head of human resource Name : Susy Basri, SE 198303 2 001 : Manager of 1st level III /d October 1st, 2002

Registration number : 19570223 Position b. The Head of Financial Name

: Dedy Azwardi, SE, MM 199803
st

Registration number : 197605 20 Position c. The Head of General Name : Dahlia R.SH

1 003

: Young Manager 1 level III/b April 2010

Registration number : 19620205 Position

199 203 2 001

: Manager of 1st level III /d April 1st, 2004

3. The Head of Broadcasting Section Name Registration number Position : Heroza S.sos : 19581219 197 901 2 001 : Manager of 1st level III/d October 1st, 2006

a. The Head of Planning and evaluation program Name : Firdaus 198203 1 001 : Manager of III/c October 1st, 2007

Registration number : 19570330 Position

b. The Head of program I Name : Rosnidar 198303 2 001 : Manager of III/c April 1st, 2008

Registration number : 19601213 Position

c. The Head of program I Name : Azman Affandi 1199303 1 002 : Young Manager of III /a April 1st, 2009

Registration number : 19720731 Position

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4. The Head of News Department Name Registration number Position : H. Punil M,Sos : 19601231 198303 1 132 : Manager of 1st level III/d October 1st, 2009

a. The Head of News Review and Documentation Name Registration number Position : Heranof Firdaus S sos : 19600229 198303 1 004 : Manager of III /d October 1st , 2007

b. The Head Reportage and Sport Name Registration number Position c. : Yusrizal SH : 19670511 199703 1 003 : Manager of 1st level III/d October 1st , 2007

The Head of News Development Name Registration number Position : Refrison SE : 19601003 198303 1 003 : Manager of III/c April 1st , 2009

4. The Head of Technology Source Name Registration number Position : R Sentot Nugroho ,S PT : 19561210 197903 1 005 : Manager of 1st level III/d October 1st 2011

a. The Head of Technical Studio and Multimedia Name : Afrizal Syam 198503 1 012 : Manager of III /c April 1st, 2009

Registration number : 19601010 Position

b. The Head of Transmition Techniques Name Registration number Position : Zulfahmi S.PT : 19630706 198503 1 110 : Manager of III/c October 1st,, 2009

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c. The Head of Prasara and Broadcasting Prasra Name : Yonisman 1 004 : Manager of III/d October 1st, 2005

Registration number : 19571123 198203 Position

5. The Head of Company Service Name Registration number Position : Dra. Sri Setia Dewi : 19560211 197903
st

2 001

: Manager of 1 level III/d April 1st, 2008

a. The Head Public Service Name : Hendri Yusra , ST 1985 03 1 001

Registration number : 19600227 Position

: Manager of III/d April 1st, 2010

b. The Head of Company Development Name : Elidar S sos 198 303 2 002

Registration number : 19601112 Position c. The Head of Imagery Name

: Manager of III/d April 1st 2001

: Lucyanita Usman S.S 199003
st

Registration number : 19661009 Position

2 003

: Manager of 1 level III/d October 1st .2001

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CHAPTER IV ANALYZE 4.1 Activities Description Some radio experts say the news is new information about an important event and attracted the attention of the listener. Other experts said the news was a report on facts or opinions that interest and importance, which required a group of people. There is also an expert on the radio who said news is a report on the opinions or events that are important to a large number of audiences. There are some activities that the writer did, it such as studying the basic of the news, how to make a simple news the structure of news interviews or the things of Radio Journalism. The first thing the writer learned was the basic meaning of the news and the news itself. It is a simple news story that has 5W+1H elements or contains new facts and opinions. In contrast to other media, radio offers to audience imagination. Print media can display images through the work of photographers and may lay outman game graphics, and even television can display more detailed information with an audio visual display. What radio can offer is very limited, because the radio can only produce "sound". However, it therefore the news reader has to speak clearly so that she/he can make the audiences get clear explanation. Audiences get to a very limited option, and then the manager should be able to make the limitations of radio coming something that can satisfy the audience. Because the audiences will try to visualize what he listens to.

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With the base radio entertainment programming might be able to offer imaginative with the concept of entertainment. But what about the base radio news as its core business? Glamour something like music, play the radio listener's imagination. On the other hand, the news is basically just offer the audience the need for information. The challenge lies precisely when we can provide the information that "imaginative" for listeners, but also makes the listener feel the need for such information. This paper will review technically possible, how to make the listener / audience feel the need for information was made manager of the radio. Character Radio News Of the limits on radio news as described, radio news has some character. 1. Immediate and rapid, event reports or opinions on the radio as soon as possible should be presented to the audience as part of the nature of immediacy optimally radio news. 2. Actual and factual, radio news or event coverage is the result of a fresh and accurate opinion in accordance with the facts that were not previously known by the listener. 3. Important for the public, radio news had relationship with the news that applies the rules of journalism in general, in serving the public demand for information. 4. Relevance and impact, audiences in general have benefited from a radio news broadcast at the same time provoke a response from the audience.

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In general, the application of the rules of radio journalism in need of obedience to the radio capability and understanding of the character of the radio itself as a medium. Radio has limitations because it can only produce sound, still required to apply the rules of journalism in producing a story. The form of News Radio Some common forms of broadcast news include: 1. News writing (writing news / ad lead/ sports news), the short story that originated in other media or rewritten news. Including the reporter's

coverage of the text is processed again. 2. An insert news (news with insert), which are equipped with inserts news resource. 3. News features, news or journalistic reporting is more human long inters. 4. Live reports, news straight from the reporter in the field, using the media phone. 5. News bulletin that is comprised of a story within a block of time. 6. Interactive news, or resource person, usually done by telephone interviews Of the power of news content, radio news is divided into three: hard news, or the actual news that just happened on the field; soft news or a more advanced form of news reports without time-bound and emphasize the human aspects of inters, actors and places that affect people many, and the third is in-depth news or in-depth news, features commonly presented in the format.

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Structure of News Radio As the news in other media, news radio is also primarily uses Reversed Pyramid rules. This structure aims to attract the attention of a news broadcast from the beginning, can make an order and vital information without compromising aspects of 5W + 1H. In this inverted pyramid structure of the building kept the lead at the news. Lead story is the climax or the core news. The most important element in the audience who wish to emphasize is on the first paragraph of a story. Thus from the outset the listener will already know what the news is being broadcast. Next is the story's atmosphere or mood of the news broadcast. In this section, setting a story emerged. In principle, this section describes what is in the lead story. This setting is the lead element of a complete explanation of the news. After setting the news or a depiction of the atmosphere, the next structure is the background story. Background element is usually a background of a story. An answer to the question "why" and "how" .Last is the supporting facts of the story. This section describes the complete facts of the story. At this usually is part of a complete detail, how it really is not that important.

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Sources of News Radio In general, radio sources can be divided into two: 1. Primary sources / Direct, is obtained by direct fielded a field reporter to cover the event. The primary source is also obtained from the studio or editor to do a live interview by telephone or resource person to come straight into the studio. 2. Sources of secondary / indirect, obtained among others from the print media. Electronic, press releases, news networks, to the info from the audience. Managing the news source to be an important part of the process of making a news program. Resource data such as address, phone number and variety of data completeness library becomes very important in the management of news sources. For radio, phone number resource list into the existing fittings on editorial and studio. Reporter should be able to understand what the audience wants. To be able to understand the audience, a reporter in doing special coverage must be able to position itself as a listener. Thus he will know what is desired is known to radio listeners. In journalism there are actually a few general rules, but can be very relative when operational zed. The rules of journalism about the feasibility of a news story, among others: 1. Actuality, for radio, the actuality of a story into its own value for the radio medium is considered as the most superior in speed of delivery time. 2. Closeness or proximity, emotional and physical closeness will make the news interest of the audience. The closeness of the audience with an event listener 22

that the news is always considered to be meaningful. Its value is mainly the concern, interest and familiarity. 3. Public figures/prominence, Man makes news, this expression can describe the events surrounding that all public figures are always interesting to hear. 4. Conflict, Conflict, individual or group disputes, wars, clashes, riots and the events that can be a portrait of a conflict has always been stories of interest. 5. Crime, security conditions are more prone to crime news audiences increasingly needed, at least to just know the areas or places that are prone to crime. 6. Humanitarian or human interest, news of events that raised touching sense of humanity and evocative empathy (build a sense of sympathetic listeners) 7. Sensational, Something remarkable and far from normal size usually will always attract the attention of the listener. 8. Case Magnitude / Magnitude, number of victims of accidents, natural disasters, war, and loss of the arena of corruption has always been a listener's attention.

4.2 Interview Interview in journalism means asking the reporter who conducted to get an answer from the speaker. Radio reporter in the interview process of representing the public hearing. Interview a total building coverage of activities. Every newsmaking process can even be said to be almost always require an interview. Even the interview into a form commonly called a separate news

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Technically operational, the purpose of the interview involves two main things, namely: what listeners want to know and what should be known to the listener. Important for the reporter in an interview to place themselves as if they were radio listeners. Needs of the interviews in radio news, including something that is absolute. Because of the interview, radio news inserts that can give it to function in addition to clarifying the content of news also provide auditory effects. There are various forms of radio interviews, but in this paper will allude to the general type of news interviews. News interviews interview are conducted to explore the various things about the actual event The most important part of the news interview is a form of questions that should be short, clear and focused. To be master of my interviews a reporter should at least do some research or know the background of the problem to be resolved through the interview. Background knowledge on the issue is important because control of matter at the core of the interview made the news based on the results. Knowing the background is to know purpose of the interview.

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4.3 Vox Pops or ROS(VOA)

Vox Pops is another term for the media poll. Vox Pops on the radio done in many ways, besides using technologies such as SMS, the Internet can also be implemented directly in the field. Way of doing vox pops interview by the reporter in the field Reporter radio equipment using the microphone and record it stood in the place where ordinary people gather or passing by (shopping centers, stations, terminals, etc.). Reporter then prevent people walking by asking the topic being discussed. Common procedure in conducting vox pops in the field is: "... I want to know the x radio reporter you think about ...?"

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The question posed to all the people must be exact. Interviews conducted fortunate in one shot. Usually already planned how many resource persons who will be interviewed. Radio Journalism Ethics Creating and presenting news that journalism is an activity directly related to the interests of the community. Professionalism of reporters and radio stations themselves should therefore always hold on to an ethical code of ethics d which can be well served professionally, without ignoring professionalism itself. Radio journalism ethics in general include: 1. Dig up the news with an ethical manner. Ethical way to go in getting the news. Things like an agreement between the reporter with a resource, where the proper parts are loaded and removed, should be known by the speaker. 2. Do not take bribes, journalist or reporter bore wrapper for independence is a disease that should be upheld by journalists. Objectivity of news can be maintained by not accepting or giving bribes in any form. 3. Consistent in principle balance and objectivity in journalism unilateral statement or statements may be subject to a criminal offense. Moreover, if intended to benefit one party.

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So, The benefit of English for Journalist are: 1. We can communication with foreign people if do interview (talk show) 2. Easier to say a sentence using the words English 3. The journalist easier seeking News international 4. We can report another country and we know all information in the world 5. We can translated language Indonesia to English 6. Pronunciation English more clearly 7. We can write English news 8. We can use computer processing for editing and write news

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CHAPTER V CONCLUSION

5.1 Conclusion For the gets by data the writer carried out the do research in Radio of Republic Indonesia Padang many new things that writer gets, both in terms of knowledge or job skills. Based on this activity some conclusions can be drawn as follow: 1. Industry Practice activity is essential to prepare students who will become professionals in their field of candidates. 2. During the research, the writer of many science and gain new insights in operational terms, it is also the writer has made progress in terms of discipline. 3. For news in RRI Padang has a pretty good standard views of the use of standard operating procedures and standards by all staff job description. 4. Science that the writer learned in college is very useful in the implementation of the Practice Field 5. All sections work together to deal with certain events. 6. Given the small number of staff per department make training students have a very important role.

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5.2 Suggestion As for some suggestions that can convey the writer to RRI Padang perhaps be useful, are: 1. RRI Padang should be more sensible to reduce the amount of labor that is keeping in the number of employees who do not work or work to be done every day does not exist, in order to achieve a better performance of the maximum product yield 2. Improve communication basically English especially News English in RRI Padang like interview and ROS(VOA) in the field . 3. Should be improve program English at the list Radio. 4. A journalist more creative and we can speak English 5. Would that work hours are socialized properly, so there is no overtime, and for those employees expected to come at the time that has been set and not take advantage of the training in the course of work operations 6. RRI Padang should further improve the discipline of all employees are given the demands of a more competent industrial world today. 7. RRI Padang should be able to improve the skills and knowledge of students, given the increasing competition by completing a full practice facility and oriented with the times. 8. RRI Padang held partnerships and provide information about campus and student excellence in the industry who are in Padang or any other area.

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REFERENCES

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